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THE ROCK ISLAND ARGUS. SATURDAY. NOVEMBER 30, 1912.
The War Fifty Years Ago
Federal Campaign Against Vicksburg General U. S.
Grant Begins a March to Attack the Confederate
Stronghold on the East Another Federal Column to
Move Up the River From New Orleans While a Third
Army Moves Down From Memphis Confederates
Prepare to Meet the Attack The Federal Navy In
Co-operation With the Army Federals March To
ward Fredericksburg A Mountain Adventure.
v Captain CiIO. L. KILMER. Lata U. S. V.
THIS time fifty years ago the nine
months' campaign waged by
General U. S. Grant for tbe
conquetit of Vicksburg vai an
kr wny. The movement ws checked
or delayed many times. Not until
May, lst, did the real attack begin
uiMin the stronghold Itself. Grant di
rected the first steps of the movement
from Jackson, Tenn., lie proposed to
iiif.rrL through northwestern Missis
sippi and if not t topped by the enemy
strike Jackson, MiHS., a point fifty
miles fast of the goal.
The firr halt of the troops was at
Grand Junction, Tenn., near the Mis
sissippi bonier. The cavalry column j
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SHEBAIi J. D TMBODBH, C S A.. LEADS
' or A MOUNTAIN ADVENTCBK.
rode nu ahead and on the 13th dashed
Into Holly Springs, a market town
twenty miles south of Jackson. A
mall body of Confederates marched
southward, carrying to Confederate
headquarters at Granada, eighty miles
below, the news of the Federal move
ment. Two duys later Grant reached Holly
Springs, and the leader of his cavalry,
Colonel A. L. Lee. gave him some valu
able Informutiou. The Confederates
were gathered In fore equal to Grant's
round Grun:ida. Geuerol J. C. l'eia
bcrtou couiinauUed tue army for the
defense of Vicksburg. It hud been ru
mored in the Fei'enil vauips tbut (Jen
em! Karl Van lrn. the former coin
luunder of these tn was under ar
rest, therefore jiot in tho held. Colonel
Lee learned that Van Loru was active
t the btjud of a ruvulry command.
Van Ioru was to 1 heard from later.
Vicksbury In Danger.
A inontti h id passed siu. e Van Dorn
was bndly lefe:itd ot Corinth by ieu
eral V. 8. Kost runs. Ucsecrans want
ed at that time to push n toward
Vlrksburt;. but Grant, who was his su
perior, ordered him to remain at Cor
inth. Meanw hile the Confederates were
active iu the region roundnbout.
The failure of Van Dorn to drive
Itecriitis out of Corinth was ft serious
drawback. Kose runs' artoy at that
point If united with the Federal force
at Memphis and another In southern
Tennessee a round Bolivar would be Ir
resistible. In truth, Vicksburg was in
danger of capture by the Federals.
About this time General J. C. PetD
bertoti took coinniaud of the Confed
erate army In Mississippi. He estab
lished a camp at Granada, midway be
tween Corinth and Vicksburg. and be
gan to fortify a line on Tallahatchie
rUo. This line would stand as a
barrier against the Federal army com
ing from northern Mississippi.
on the Mississippi river Itself there
was also danger for the Confederates.
The Federal navy had passed up and
down, uuharuied by the Confederate
guns In the Vicksburg batteries.
Confederates Build Ne Forts.
Aid from the navy -would of course"
be given to the army if Grant pressed
the attack against Vicksburg on land.
As a means of defense against the
Federal navy the Confederates began
to fortify I'ort Hudson, a point on
the east bank of the rlTer. over'100
miles befow Vicksburg. Here strong
works were built and several large
lege guns mounted In them to sweep
the channel up.and down stream. The
Confederates had 10.000 soldiers at
Port Hudsos and were adding to the
number. Tort Hudson was a new
element in the Confederate defense of
Vicksburg. and its character was on
known to the Federals at this time
fifty years ago.
Grant's movement throogh northern
Mississippi was but an Insignificant
part of the Federal plan to strike a
blow at Vicksburg. Grant had been
told to operate with his 30.000 men to
his own way and without consulting
Ms superior at Washington. General
W. Halleok. He proposed to force hta
march ncro-vt the Tallahatchie and at
tack the town from the east. At the
same time another detachment under
General W. T. Sherman, who com
manded a division of Grant's com
mand, would sail in transports from
Memphis to the bluffs above Vicks
burg and Join In the attack from that
quarter. The Washington plan was
that an army le i by General J.A.
MeClernand should move down the
river from Memphis. Sherman to Join
with his division, and with the aid of
the fleet of Memphis take Vicksburg
from the north.
A Column From the Golf.
An important feature of this plan, as
laid out by Halleck, was a co-operative
movement from the south, warships
and troops acting together. General X.
P. Banks was the leader chosen by Hal
leck to direct the movement from the
south, ne had succeeded General B. F.
Butler In command of the Federal de
partment of the gulf. Banks was on his
way to New Orleans with 40,000 new
troops. When at last he was ready to
take np bis end of the task the Port
Hudson barrier had been discovered,
and for the time tieing Federal opera
tions against Vicksburg were confined
to the district north.
Originally It had been supposed in
Washington that the Federal navy
would conquer Vicksburg. Above this
place the river had been brought nnder
Federal control by warships alone.
When Farrnpit silenced the Confeder
ate forts at New Orleans in April, 18C2.
It was expected that be would sail up
the river and destroy all Confederate
warships and forts as far as Vicksburg.
This was accomplished, and some of
his ships passed up and down the river
under fire of the Confederate guns on
But even this resolute commander de
cided that the navy alone could not cap
ture Vicksburg. His ships dropped
downstream again, and the Confeder
ates fortified I'ort Hudson In the hope
of keeping him there. Fnrragut's com
mand was called the western gulf
squadron. The Federal fleet above
Vicksburg was known as the western
flotilla. Up to Nov. 8. 12. this force
had been subject to the orders of the
army commanders. On this date It was
transferred to the navy department,
and Acting Rear Admiral I). 1. Porter
The Navy on a Few'' Footing. .
Porter understood the situation at
Vlckstmrg. ne formerly commanded
the mortar fleet, and for two days be-
j fore Farrogut's wooden ships dashed
j past the Confederate guns on the bluff
been captured and re CI ted were also
In tbe fleet and several new tin clad or
lightly armored gunboats.
Two new acquisitions to the fleet
when It came under Porter early be
came noted in tbe Vicksburg operation,
the Choctaw and tbe Lafayette. These
vessels were converted from river
steamers into ironclad warships, not
an unusual makeshift for both sides
eariy In the war. The Choctaw and
Lafayette, however, were boats of
great power. They were side wheel
steamers, each wheel revolving on a
separate shaft, making them easy
ships to handle in a narrow channel
or against at strong current Three
other new ironclads, the Chijlicotbe,
Indianola and Tuscumbla, joined Por
ter before the fleet "was called into
action. The force was divided . into
two sections, one above Memphis
under Porter in person, the other
under Captain Henry Walke, patrol
ling the Mississippi southward as far
Flan to Seize Fredericksburg:.
When General A. E. Burnside
stepped Into the shoes of General
George B. McClellan as leader of the
Army of the Potomac the troops were
within two days' easy march of Fred
ericksburg, on the Rappahannock. That
was on Nov. 9. By the 15th the new
commander was ready to order a move
against the enemy.
Burnside's plan of campaign ' was
very elaborate and had the weakness
of leaving the enemy and general cir
cumstances out of account He pro
posed to hurry forward one corps of
troops to occupy the town of Fred
ericksburg and gather at that point
rations for the army for twelve days.
Supplied for a two weeks campaign,
the soldiers would, march for Rka
mond and attack before Lee could
bring his army to the defense of the
In case the army should be checked
by the enemy after crossing the Rappa
hannock and passing Fredericksburg, a
short march would bring It to navi
gable waters, where the friendly ships
and gunboats would take part in the
campaign. Burnside's chances of suc
cess lay In a rapid crossing of the river
and the seizure of the heights of Fred
ericksburg, which command the river
and roads toward Richmond for many
In. adopting his plan Burnside had
made it a point with the authorities at
Washington that a pontoon bridge
should be forwarded overland from
Alexandria to tbe front as soon as pos
sible,, and it was expected to reach the
crossing place almost as soon as, the
vanguard of tbe army.
Other Events of the Week.
The hazards and hardships of moun
tain warfare were demonstrated on tbe
field of war in the east the second week
in November. 1802. When the week
opened General J. D.' Imboden. one of
the active Independent leaders of
".Stonewall Jackson's corps, was climb
ing the Allegheny mountains at tbe
head of 300 horsemen. His followers
were armed with Sharp's , repeating
riCes. a rare and highly prized gun In
the eastern camps in 1SC2.
Imboden's object was to destroy the
Baltimore and Ohio railway bridge over
Cheat river, a blow nt the Federal com
munications between Washington and
Ohio. His pathway traversed the fa-
GROWS FREAK EAR OF !
CORN; HAS TWO COBS
Joseph Hauberg, a farmer who re-:
sides near Buffalo Prairie, brought a
freak ear of yellow corn into The Ar
gus office yesterday afternoon. The
main ear which was 11 inches in
length had another smaller ear branch
ing rait from fine unit flu IukSm 4tv
length- Mr. Hauberg also grew on;
of the largest pumpkins ever seen in
this vicinity this season. It woula
just fit in a bushel basket. I
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ELECTION NOTICE. j
Notice is Thereby given that on
Tuesday, the 10th day of December,
lf-12, in' the city of Rock Island, in the
county of Rock Island and state of Il
linois, an election will be held for the
purpose ot submitting to a vote to
tbe electors of said city, an ordinance
entitled "An ordinance granting per
mission to the TrI-City Automatic
Home Telephone company, its success
ois, lessees or assigns, to construct,
maintain and operate a telephone ex
change and other electric signals, and
time clocks in the city of Rock Is
land. 111., and for that purpose to
build conduits, erect poles, place
cables, wires an3 fixtures therein and
thereon and connect the necessary ap
pliances and apparatus therewith and.
maintain the same through, under, '
over and along the streets, avenues, al-!
leys and other public places in said
city," and also at said election another .
ordinance entitled "An ordinance ere-
ating the office of superintendent of.
waterworks and filtration.
The polling places for this election j
will be as follows: - j
First precinct or district 413
Fourth avenue. j
Second precinct or district 702
Second avenue. i
Third precinct or district 919 Sixth !
Fourth precinct or district 924
Fifth precinct or district County:
Sixth precinct or district 1434 Sev
enth avenue. !
Seventh precinct or district 1T01
Fifteenth street .
Eighth precinct or district 1912
7 bird avenue.
Ninth precinct or district Trinity
parish house. Nineteenth street and
Tenth precinct or district Twenty
second street hose house.
Eleventh precinct or district
George L. Schmld's store, 821-823
Twelfth precinct, or district
Twenty-sixth street hose house.
Thirteenth precinct or district
Rear 2700 Seventh avenue.
Fourteenth precinct or district
8032 Fifth avenue.
Fifteenth precicnt or district Pet-
trton s carpenter shop, rear 4425
Sixth avenue. .
"Sixteenth precinct or district Gan
non's paint-shop. Fourteenth avenue,
between Thirty-eighth and Thirty
Seventeenth precinct or district
1034 Thirtieth street.
Which election will be opened at 7
o'clock In "the morning and continue
open until 5 o'clock In the evening of
Dated at.Rock Island, 111., this 19th
day of November, 1912.
M. T. RUDGREN. City Clerk.
The Railway Coiipatiy is Dokig
lis Best to Absolutely Prevent
AaiDEHfslKJ Its; Lines
FBrf;- ilTZW -Jf'J4 1
WARNINGS AGAINST ACCIDENTS!
Don't get off until the car stops still.
Don't jump on or off a car while moving at speed.
Don't get off facing the rear of a car.
Don't cross the track behind the car from which
you have just alighted without first seeing that no
car or vehicle is coming from the other direction.
Don't put your head or arms out the window.
Don't ride on the steps of the cars.
Don't pull the bell rope.
Don't drive out of a cross street onto the tracks
without first seeing that the way is clear.
Don't allow your children to run and play on
the streets. .
Don't allow your boys to steal rides on the cars.
STUDY THESE DON'TS AND KEEP ON THE SAFE SIDE!
TRI CITY RAILWAY COMPANY
LAUGH AND GET FINED.
trouble. Rut the announcement was
made that Claire Waidoff would posi
tively appenr. She did. So did tbe po
lice. And she sang the GermaD ; na
Tbe promised prosecution did not
take place. Londou Answers.
Copyright by Review of Reviews company.
UNITED STATES IRONCLAD STEAMER CHOCTAW OF THE MIS
his boats bad hurled mortar shells
Into the southern batteries. Unlike the
two fleet commanders who bad pre
ceded him Id that field. Porter was
really the chief of the western flotilla.
The previous commanders. Foote, who
led the attack on Forts Henry and
Donelson, and Davis, tbe victor at
Memphis, had acted in these affairs
tinder orders of tbe army commander.
The plan of baving tbe navy subject
to the orders of army officers bad
caused much friction. While this state
of things lasted the powerful ram
fleet which Colonel Alfred Ell had
created and led In battles with the
best results, was subjected to army or
ders. When Porter took command of
the flotilla the Ellet rams became part
of bis force.
In point of numbers and efficiency
of equipment the Federal fleet which
stood ready to co-operate with the
army before Vicksburg was the best
that had ever asaembled under the
United States flag. All of the Eads
ironclads, seven in number, nearly all
of them tried In battle, were there: also
the powerful big Ironclad Ben toe El
let brought to Torter nine rams, any
one of which was tbe match for the
best Confederate vessel then on the
river. Four Confederate rams that bad
mous stretch of wilderness known as
"Canaan," between Red creek and the
Blackwater and the Dry Fork of Cheat
There were Federal camps at every
important town in the region, Seneca,'
St. George, Beverly, Monterey, Rowles
burg. Clarksburg, along Greenbrier
river and at Huntersvllle. Tbe last
march was across tbe main Allegheny,
which the tired band struck at night
fall. It was important to reach St
George, at the western base of the
range, before tbe enemy, there should
get the alarm.
It snowed early in the evening, and
the storm soon turned to sleety This
sudden and unseasonable touch of win
ter had Its bright side, for the drenched
and shivering Confederates surprised
the foe hugging their warm quarters
and made captives of the whole party -namely,
thirty-one of the Sixth West
Virginia. Among the spoils were ra
tions for Imboden's hungry men and
horses. Imboden found tbe natives
friendly and learned from them that
from 4.000 to 6,000 Federals were In
the region, bent upon intercepting' bis
column. Thus warned, be hastily cross
ed the mounts! it eastward and reached
Jackson's Unes at Augusta Springs oa
That J5eam to B. a Common Ocour
ranct In Germany.
English law Is occasionally subject j
to criUcJpni. but for reul comedy we
are a loug way behind Germany.
In Berlin recently an Ironworker was
sent to prison for a week because be
laughed. Going along the street be
saw a merrymaker being chased by a
particularly stout policemnD. and tbe
sight tickled him. He was promptly
baled before the court for scandal.
Another man attempted to get Into
a moving train nnd fractured his leg.
After six months in tbe hospital be
was discharged, cured, when tbe state
railway department at once prosecuted
blm for breaking their regulations. The
law and leg breaker win fined $1.2."t. '
Stepping Into an omnibus a m:in
trod on tbe foot of a lady, who was so
annoyed that she Baid he walked like
a hen. She was fined $5 for using this
term of reproach.
Claire Waidoff. tbe Berlin singer, out
witted the police, however. She was
warned tbnt If she sang any of her
songs on Easter Suuday there would be
and F. A. Adams, Indianapolis,
cattle also were killed.
La Crosse. Wis. After marrylnj
Miss Mae Phillips, an heiress. William
Owen, employe of a Minneapolis cor
poration, was arrested as he stepped
Oft of the house where the wedding
reception was being held. Miss Ger
trude Strickland, a student at the
University of Minnesota, made
charge leading to the arrest.
the Butte in 190S, was given a commuta
j tion of sentence to IS years by acting
" i Governor Lelghton. He has contribut-
Helena. Mont Albert J. Beckman, ! prison earnings to charity.
known as "Montana's Jean Valjean."
AS the nws all the time The
sciving a life sentence for the murder
of his sweetheart, Helen Kelly, la
Breathe It for Catarrh, Physi
cians Prescribe It and Phar
macists Becommend It.
Ouickly Clears Stuffed-Up Head and
Stops Snuffling and Hawking.
In the morning, shortly after you
awake, dear reader, do you have to
hawk and strain to get that stubborn
piece of mucus out of your throat?
Get rid of catarrh now; it will grow
worse as you grow older. One day of
breathing pleasant, healing Hyomel
(pronounce it hlgh-o-me) the guaran
teed catarrh remedy will give you such
wonderful relief that you will wonder
j by you doubted the statement that
Booth's Hyomei would end the most
aggravating case of catarrh.
A hard rubber pocket inhaler and a
bcttle of Hyomei and simple !rr.truc-
itions for use Is SI. This Is cad the
Hyomei outfit. If one bottle dues not
banish your catarrh, yon can get an
other for only 0 cents. Thousands
use It for coughs, colds and croup.
Sold by the Thomas Drug company
and druggists evetywhere. (Adver
Gets tbe pick of the goods.
Receives prompt and ' cheerful
Avoids the crowds.
Befriend the shopgirls.
.Never gets left In tbe rush ui tbe
Can sen.l the presents out In time
to reach tbe recipients.
Has the satisfaction fit knowing it
Is all over.
Avoids tbe money drain all at one
tltere Is every reason for
shopping early, no valid reason for
sbopping late. To leave tbe matter to
the last postlble moment Is merely pro
crastinatlon and neglect
Every one who has shopped late
knows bow satisfactory it Is. bow
tired tbe c'erlls are, how tbe good
have been depleted, bow one Is Jostled
by the crowds, how slow and unsatis
factory the service Is, bow there b
danger of mistakes or failure of deliv
ery In the lint hours, thus preventim
the present from reaching on tinu
those for whom they are intended, am
how all tbe expenses come piling tu
at one tirnat
Surely any one who has had that ex
perler.ee wijj never rlak It again.
DO IT TODAY.
Curbing tho Kicker.
One of the St Louis country clubs
has an unwritten rule that wuenever
a member kicks for something be
thinks the club ought to have it Is at
once put In at bis expense. Not long
ago a member compiaiued of tbe
cream. "The club uugbt to have a
couple of fine cows of Its own." be
growled. That ended tbe Incident for
the time being, but tbe first of tbe
month he found tbe following item on
Two Jaraejr cows.... S150
The result -of this policy is one of
tbe most complete country clubs in tbe
Mississippi valley, but tbe members
are growing more and more cautious
about kicking, and acquisitions are
nothing like so common as they for
merly were. SL Louis PoRt-Dlspatcfe.
"But Griggs thinks you are his bol
friend. If you lure blminto making
this hopeless investment be surelywlll
never have anything more to do with
"ThuVs all right ITe never expect
ed to use him more than once. Cleve
land Plain Dealer.
Gabber Tou ouht to meet Smith.
Awfully clever Imitator! He can take
off anybody. Tottie (wearily 1 wlib
be were here now. Variety Life.
If You Eat You Need Digestif
The New Relief for Indigestion
K has been stated that more than
eighty million people In the United
States are victims of some form of In
digestion. The American people do
not take time enough to eat. The re
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indigestion and dyspepsia.
Dlgestit is the new relief it has
been found a certain, quick and per
manent remedy. Thousands of peo
ple have found .-ellef from its use.
Their own statements on file In our
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to give you absolute satisfaction your
money will bo returned. Brown's Dl
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absolutely harink'bB. It relieves In
digestion almost iribtantly, stops food
fermentation, prevents distress after
eating and cures dyspepsia. You need
It even though you are not sick It
aids dif.tioi :itvl gives you all the
nourishment. The Harpor House phar
Quick Relief ter Rheumatism.
George W. Kooce. Lawton. Mich
says: "Dr. Detchon'a Relief for
Rheumatism has f 1fcn my wife won
derful benefit for rheu-natisat. 8b
could not lift hand or foot; had to bt
lifted for two months. She began Ute
use of tbe remedy aoi improved rap
idly. On Monday she could net move
and on Wednesday aba got up, dressed
herself and walked out for breakfast"
Sold by Otto Grotiaa. 1601 Second ave
nue. Rock Island; Gust Schlegel A
Son, 220 West Second street. Daven
Brownsville, Ind. Aa engineer and
a fireman were killed in a bead-on col
lision between two Cincinnati, Hamil
ton & Dayton freight trains. The
dead; Percy Shepard, Hamilton. Ohio.
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