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THE ROCK ISLAND ARGUS. TUESDAY, DECEMBER 10, 1912.
The War Fifty Years Ago
A Stirring Campaign In Arkansas Confederates. Or
dered tp March to the Defense of Vicksburg, Wait to
Fight a Battle Opposing Armies Meet Near the Old
Battlefield of Pea Ridge Cavalry Begin Battle at
Prairie Grove Confederates Rush the Attack Upon
Divided Federals Fatal Delay Follows This Bold
Initiative Fierce Struggle Around a Confederate
Battery- Other Events of the Week.
IViuberton lu Mississippi
early i: Noveiclier. 1802. a
hurry summons was sent the Confed
ernte general in command iu Arkansas
fi .eml troop-. acTis the Mississippi
nw-:' for the dofcn-e of Vicksburg.
;'tiT::i T. C. nindin.'.n was in north-VM-rru
Arkansas fit the time the order
r led iii tij t count irntrch. A Fed
r:.l army under .1. ii. Blunt was
iiimp hiiiit froru Springfield. Mil, aouth
v ard to invade Arkansas, ami Illiid
l iiii made up his miud tr fight with
Biuut before leaving the field.
Bv Ciwun CEO. L. KILMER. Lits V. . V. nrrr.-.n .-is a soldier to fitrlif on -T.
WHEN Orant w ptrshlng Lis and be threw his column against Hind
coluniti southward against i man at noon. The sound of flrlnj
IViuberton lu Mississippi ' reached Blunt. hu knew that his ally
nal teen r.eaaea on on tne roarcn 10
wnrd his position, anil, without a mo
ment's delay, he started his command
for Prairie (Jrove.
The Federal columns combined out
numbered landman's force hy about
2kiO and wi w better supplied with
artillery. Ilt rron alone had more guns
After fighting vainly for four hours
Hindmun retreated, having lost 1 :""
men. the brunt of the fighting fell
HU upon Ilerron's column, which made the
j fiercest sttnrlts. -
I An episode of t lie little known battle
I of Prairie tlrove worthy to tie replied
after fifty year was the combat be
tween Collins' famous bnlte-y of fly
ing artillery and one of Herro'i's bri
gades led by the TwontK-tn Wisconsin
Captain, Pick Collins was a noted
clinni'-ter in the transmlssUsippi ar
my. His battery had become an in
Ftitution in the famous brigade of
rough riders headed by General Joe.
Sibley before he gravitated to the lead
ership. It lost no glory tinder his com
mand. Bike the celebrated artillery
chiefs who fought tinier "Stonewall"
Jackson, Jeb StUHrt and Forrest. Col
lins was a man efter his leader's own
heart. Shelby handled Collins, ami
Collins handled the g':tis. At Prairie
drove Shelby's brigade, with M.irma
(li!i:e's whole eoinm::nd. was massed
on a l.ill to await the charge of Her
ron's line. Ilerron hail forty live can
non unit Marmadui.e nut ten. i ue
fght opened with a tierce artillery
duel, for Herron wished to give Blunt
time t'j move more troops to the field.
ter. Herrori's men rall.'-d and with re
enforcements again tried to take the
guns, but were driven hack to their
own batteries, leaving the Confederate
When the Twentieth Wisconsin re
ceived the order to charge the heights
It advanced at donb'e quick the dis
tance of lrtil rods, where it came face
to face with the enemy. The reciment
halted and fired two reminds, then com
menced to clinb the hill. The slope
was covered with dense nnderbrusl..
and it was with great difficulty that
the Wisconsin men advanced. Pressing-
on in as good a line as possible,
they encountered the Confederate bat
tery. After stopping to fire one volley
the assailants rushed forward among
Eepulsed by Collins' Guns.
The men raised a cheer of exulta- j
tion while the color bearer. Sergeant !
Teal, hoisted the flag over one of the ;
guns. Then they pressed on toward I
the Confederate line, getting within j
thirty feet of Shelby's ranks. A ter- ;
rlble storm of bullets greeted their ad- !
vance. and under the fire of Collins1
guns the whole line at last gave way. j
A heavy column of Confederate re- !
serve infantry also moved up on the '
flank, threatening to eugulf the brave ;
Badgers, and there was no course leff '
but to retreat.
Seeing the Wisconsin men retreat,
IIlndman'8 troops advanced and con- !
tinued to pour a -galling fire into the
shattered ranks, pursuing theui until !
I they had fallen hack beyond the dis- :
j mantled battery. The charge of the ;
; Twentieth lasted but twenty minutes,
j but lu that brief time over 2d'i men.
j liearly half the number engaged, were j
by rvl of Hevirms company.
OKsri'.At, j. r. MKMAirTKE, r. a. a.,
LtAlHtll or OSKtDEIlATE C AVAI.BY.
force imiiibered about llVMt nien. that
of his opponent probably 2,'o) or 3.010
In point of fuct. Ilindman had plan
tieil t linade Missouri from the south
and teriplore Springfield, which the
l'eilcinls had occupied since March,
l vfj. I'or this purtHise he reorganized
his comiiiiiiul at Van Ituien, Ark. n
point fifty miles south of Iilunt's ad
aiiceil cairp. which was at Kayctte
vi'ie. not fi.r from the hotly contested
hcil of Pen Uid-e.
L,-- 'K !
Federal Bayonet Charge.
As the f.irht progressed Collins chang-
ed his pieces from one point t another
' to impress the enemy with the Htreutli
'of the Confederate artillery. Finally
four guns of a companion battery were
left Itetween the lines with all it ,
horses and cannoneers shot down Just ! ?ZV"
S hy Review of Itcv-.e'.vs company.
as the Twentieth Wisconsin dashed
forward on a bayonet charge. If look
ed us though the helpless battery was
doomed. Shelby stood near and said
to Collins, pointing to the Wisconsin
; uhot down. One soldier was hit by
! After the .stunning defeat of his
Iilans Hindnian withdrew his army be-
AUTO DELIVERY TO ANY POINT IN TRI-CITIES
Cl A A
109-111 East Second Street Davenport, Iowa
HERE IS YOUR OPPOSiMltV A RECORD BREAK
Where Remarkable Savings and Values Abound
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have found only one or two pieces of a kind, priced at 20 per cent, 25 per cent and in many instances 35
per cent discount, and we now spread before you BARGAINS THAT ARE TRULY BARGAINS IN
EVERY SENSE OF THE WORD, and we invite everybody who intends to give an Xmas Gift of home
outfittings of any description to participate in this feast of bargains at our discount prices.
llk Xmas Specials
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O T":::'-':':-i XmaS SpeciaIs
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Fumed Oak Rockers China Closets
Bed Room Rockers Piano Benches
Children's Rockers Music Cabinets
Ladies' Writing Desks Library Tables
Phone Stands Jardinere Stands Pedestals
Library Cases Parlor Cabinets, Etc.
Pay us a visit, if only out of idle curiosity. Inspection and price com
parison invited. Such bargains cannot keep. The values in this sale
are impossible to equal, and they represent less than one-thousandth part
of our stock.
Leather Upholst. Rockers
Golden Oak Rockers
Parlor Chairs and Rockers
Solid Mahogany Rockers
Early English Rockers
MarniRduke's Cavalry Repulsed. I
Ilindini'.u'tt cavalry corps mustered
"." suiters and was commanded by
ileueral J. S. .MariiiHduUe. a dashing
hoidier of the border type. The caval
ry led the column and near the close
of November halted at Cane Hill, a po
Hltion wlthiu a day'K march of Illunt s
cuiup. P.lunfs cavalry was distant
three days' march, and he attacked
Miiruiadiike on the 2sth with infautry
alone, driving him buck toward Van
Itliiut determined to muke a stand at
Cane Hill and sent couriers to sum
mon to thpt point a supporting column
of 4,(mi Infautry and .Otx) cavalry un
der tlenernt Francis Herron, which
was marching southward from Spring
feld. Hlunt was a typical Kansas man of
thHt period. Horn in New England, he
bad settled In Ohio, then emigrated to
Kansas. He enlisted lu 1;1 and
rapidly rove to the rank of general.
Having learned that Hiudmau was
marching north to tight. Itliiut urged
Herron to speed his march, but wher
the buttle opemsl, Iec. 7, the Federal
ii'l'.iiiiiis were twelve miles apart, i
Hiiuliiiaii knew the Kltuatlon iu the I
ei.emy'K lities nnd determined to fall j
upon Herron and crush him. then turn !
Against Hlunt, l'.ut uotliitig Is certain I
men. "When you see their hands upon i hind the Arkansas river and attempc
those wheels. Ih k, tire, but not be- i ed to reorganize it for another cam
paign. Hut a couple of weeks aftei"
the battle of Frail ie ;,-. i'.luut mov
ed rapidly up with a stro., force, and
Ilindman hastily retreated to I.lttb1
1 Hock. leaving nil northwestern Arkan
I sas to the Federals, ilindman was de
! clareil to be a man of genius for a sec-
Shelby's dismounted troopers lay in
the thicket alongside of Collins bat
tery, out of view of the enemy. jnd the
daring assailants bounded alonij. ex-
j hour. Moore's loss was iTrt killed nnd j
j wounded. M entire command captur-
ed. with all army and camp equip-
m nt. trains nnd two pieces of artil
lery. Morgan's loss was 125 killed and
SEA IN AW OPEN BOAT.
BatHe at Prairie Grove.
Th" Confederate cavalry under Mar
maduke role out to meet Herron end
brushed a-i.le the Federal cavalry, but
was soon checked by infantry at Prai
rie irov, two miles from P.ljn's left
t'n Lik. Ilindman rushed forward h'la
j peeling an easy victory over tne silent 1 comman(j was i,a,
! battery aud that of Collins as well. At (he commanding officer:
isolated I'oliiinn at
line and anaib.d
once, formed his
: retary of war or a departr'it com
; mauder, but not capable of .:mand
i ing an army or executing a plan or
l battle. His failure to dispose of p.iunt
; renewed the activity of the Federals
' west of the Mississippi, but Prairie
tirove was the last battle of the year
iu the trunsmississippi country.
P.y opposing Hiudmau iu the north
and following him i;i Iris retreat, after
the battle of Prairie Irove. Hlunt pre-
I vented the departure of Confederate
i troops to oppose (Jrant's onward .ar. !i
! against the stronghold at Vicksburg.
j Korg-an, the Raider, at Hartsvilk.
I While the army under ;e;ieral W. S.
' Rosecrans was being refitted at Xash-
vllle Morgau's cavalry was raiding the
surrounding country. On ihe 7th
I Morgan's command a pin red the Thir
I ty-nluth brigade, under Colonel A. H.
I Moore, nt Hartsville. where he had
I lieen posted by General (Jeorge H.
Thomas to guard the ford of the Cum-
Lerland river and to watch the enemv
on the Lebanon road. The brigade
, consider) of three L.fnnlrv rc"-iiii(Ti(c
Copyright by Patriot Pubii.hing company. ! , DaUallon of ravalry an(i , smion ()j
gkneiiat. j a BLrvr. r. a. a., command- : artillery, making a force of about 'J..Kt
Kit of the fkiierai.h at phaikib uhove. I effective men.
ad!y posted, end
rlKcers of tlie infnn-
the base or the slope the Wisconsin regiments failed to co-operate or
men stopped for an Instant and drank to obey ordPrs. it was lrl tl)(. a
heartily from their canteens, laughing ' repetition of the disgraceful affair at
at the easy task ahead of them. Col- ! Murfreesboro, when General X. B.
lins waited, as Shelby had directed j Forrest captured that place during the
waited. In fact, until the iutrepid charg- ; Drevious July. Moore was surprised in
Ing line passed the silent cannon, even ! Lis camp early in the morning. No
until the doomed Ead.ers were within ! warnlnz was given bv the ulckets. aud
fifty feet of Shelby's crouchlug troop- i before any disposition could be made R
era then let Cy double loads of canU- i of the troops Morgan's men were upon
them. Morran'a command consisted of
to I his cavalry and two regiments of in-
Raised the White Fiag.
Moore threw out a skirmish line to
resist the advance of Morgan's infan
try and dismounted cavalry iu line.
The Confederates pressed steadily for
ward to a ravine at the foot of tlie
hill on which Moore had formed his
! line and under sheiter of this poured
such a destructive f.ra upon the Fed
eral troops that Moore ordered a new
line to lie formed In the rear. In this
I movement ine w ii '.e line -,as mrowa
Into confusion, and. It'ing atta ked on
their right aud rear by the cavalry,
who had up to this time not lieeu en
gaged, Moore's command was crowds!
cne on the other in'o a narrow space.
where the lire of the enemy proved
Other Event? of the Week.
Owing to the destruction of merchant
ships sailing under the T'nited States
flag by the Confederate cruiser Ala
bama, foreign shipments in these ves
sels had fallen off ."V) per cent in one
month, in home waters, however, the
Confederate warships were unable to
ccpe with the Federal fleets, and south
erners were demanding a more eili
cieiit naval armament.
On Iec. 4 a large military and naval
expedition sailed from New York un
der command of General X'. P. Hanks.
Its destination was known OTdy to the
war department, yet iiewspapor,gnes.ses
pointed to the prill f coast. A smaller
expedition sailed south from Fortress
Monroe tinder sealed orders. Both ex
peditions lauded at New Orleans, and
the forces took part in tlie operations
on the lower Mississippi.
Sudden and intense cold, prec eded by
a heavy fail of unow on the ."th. im
j pedid army movements iu Virginia,
i Soldiers In the opposing camps along
) the Uuppabaniioi'k river were frozen
to death on outpost duty.
K . ' W h . . WL. SIMM Ml iMtt4.AU.' W 1 . W . . -AmmL. '- Jta w- 4 ,
is Si n 1 1 a?K u ii m nrJ
f- ISXA-LJM tit -"1i"T V' - Aa
'.'lv',- . ir' fi'fV J'-.' S V- A'.-. ,J ; terribly effective. Moore's trotps
Fi'VVt Vir in Vf iPi0- : filing uulle to return the fire and
ft', .-(' . v if ' V ' II ?T.'2kli'4'' ifi J-R - ' Bot llnP b to make aaotht-r dis;
&vM:;i i : I LUP- derod.
i Ml MMMMMMMtWMMMMMrill i' in T
One Hundred and Sixth Ohio. Iin oia
! Ing separated from the other troops.
fV 'vft'-j made some further resist:: nc,-; bt:t. Tr-e-5
' iZ r.Tc-Twereil. h f.I- surrendered.
' Tbe.umtest ia.sti.-d ua'r a little over aa
Is Good Coal
Anxious Expsrience Off the Rock
Bound Coast of Korea.
The perils of the small boat at sea
are toid by Jack Loudon iu an article
on "8111811 Boat Sailing" In the Yacht
"About tlie liveliest eight days of my
life were spent in a small boat on the
west coast of Korea." he writes. "I
was iu an open boat, a Fampnii, on a
roiky coast where there were no light
houses and where the tides ran from
thirty to Mxty feet. My crew were
Japanese fishermen. We did not speak
each other's language. Vet there was
nothing monotonous about that trip.
Never shall I forget one particular cold,
bitter dawn, whtn in the thick of driv
ing snow we took in nail and dropped
our small anchor.
"The Japanese crawled tmder a com
munal rice mat and went to sleep. I
! Joined them, and for several hours we
! tlo7:ed fitfully. Then a sea deluged us
with icy water and we found several
inches cf snow on top of the mat.
"It soon became a case of swamping
at our anchor. Seas were splashing on
board in grow ing volume, nnd we bailed
constantly. And still my fisherman
crew eyed the surf battered shore and
"At hist, after many narrow escapes
from complete swamping, the fisher
men got into action. All hands tailed
on to tl;o anchor and hove It up.
For'nrd. as the Loat's head paid oft. we
set a patch of sail about the size of a
flour sack. And we headed straight for
the rocUv shure. 1 unlaced mv shoes.
K unbuttoned my greatcoat and coat and
p was ready to make a quick partial trip
p 1 a minute or so before we struck. But
y i we didn't strl!:e. and as we rushed In I
fore us opened n narrow channel,
frilled nt its mouth with breaking sens.
Vet long before, when I had scanned
the shore closely, there had been no
such channel. I had forgotten the thir
ty foot fide. Ar.d it was for this time
that the Japanese had so precariously
clers of Switzerland. These streams of
ice creep slowly down from the lofty
summits of the Alps through the val
leys to the plains. They bear on their
surface huge rocks fallen from sur
rounding cliffs. The stones frozen in
the bottom of the glacier, pressed down
by the enormous weight of Ice uhove
them, scratch and groove the rocks be
neath, as the tool of a carpenter gouges
out a piece of wood.
What was the condition of America
when similar effects were produced?
Instead of local glaciers scattered in
the valleys, the whole sface now cov
ered with bowlders must have been
hidden by an immense sheet of ice.
Judging from the marks on the rocks,
the sheet moved from the north toward
the south, carrying with It masses of
rock. Harper's Weekly.
ut-en made up by the insurance com
panics, some based upon one set of
data, some uimui another, and conse
quently they vary slightly. The Brit
ish life annuity tables, a fair calcula
tion, show that ii man of lift y has a
natural expectancy of living IM.- years,
a woman of the same age 'J'i.5 yenrs:
at sixty his expectancy Is U S years,
hers Is 17 years: at seventy his ls ll.f
years, tiers ln.tt years.
Expectancy of Life.
All insurance is calculated upon thn
probable length of time a person has
to live. This is called the average ex
pectancy. Mirny elaWirate tables hnve
Sterling, 111. An epidemic of small
pox in the western part of Whiteside
county is reported. Several families
have been quarantined by order ol
the state board of health.
For DrunkenncM. Ouiooi,
MOk.4k Murpbine and
r Drop Uiic.
Jf tbe Tobacco Habit
1 tkJ .
flor THE KZELE7
Cor. 24th St. and 3rd Ave.
They Mark the Course of Glaciers
Adown Our Continent.
Throughout the northern Fnited
States, from the Atlantic ocean to tiie
far northwest and as far south as Ken
tucky, huge bowlders are found scat
tered at haphazard The rocks and
ledges are smoothed and marked with
scratches varying from faint lines to
broad grooves two feet deep Some of
these bowlders, weighi tig many tons,
are so balanced on a led'e that a slight
M i touch will rock them. The Indians used
U ; tiieni as n I:. ru liens.
The grooves or sraf lies on these
rocks are as a ruie parallel and extend
north and sunt hi. South of the above
mentioned area neither bowlders nor
scratched ro'-ks can be found.
How came the bowlders iu 'heir po
sition? What scratched the rocks'r
Agassiz. familiar with tlie glaciers of
the Alps, probably gave tha true an
swer. He sr.owed that a siiiii:ar state
f things Is .prudU'.i J today bv the cl-
it be Christmas with
out slippers knowing this
we orderpd made up for us,
by "Slipper Artists " some handsome designs.
FOR THE MEN Romeos, Oper
as, Fausts in Tan or Black in
all grades from
LADIES BOUDOIRS in all col
ors with heel $1.25;
PARTY SLIPPERS in satin or
leather from $.2.50
BOYS' SLIPPERS fJJ-J
Best grade of leather V 1
FELT SLIPPERS in all t'zes for
men, bo'"i, women and " Cf
rjirls from 40 cts to .. 1 3v?
Don't Put it off too long shop while
the lines are complete
I a ' I I (1 tUi "a!
4 VS j.v-.-iyi
5 V -
US Bf 'r " 'i---vr?-tj-; 2
...... .-:.t f
Shoes for the family
1807 2nd Ave., Rock Island
113 W. 2nd St., Daverport 412 15th St., Molina