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TIIE ROCK ISLAND ARGUS. . THURSDAY, DECEMBER 19, 1912.
The War Fifty Years Ago
Hostilities Begin on the Rappahannock The Army of
the Potomac Under General Burnside Moves to Fred
ericksburg Surrender of the Town Demanded.
General Longstreet's Confederates Form For Defense
Along the South Side of the River Federal Guns
Throw Shell Into the Confederate Camps Drafting
Recruits For the Armies Conscription Opposed In
Georgia Difficulty of Supplying War Funds.
T Cistiln CEO. L. KILMtR. Lrte V. . V.
TFTE first important art by Gen
ernl IturnMde nfter tic assum
ed command of the Army of
the Potomac the ion4 week
In November. 1V.2, wo to order the
array to march forward to the Ittppa
hannock river, the M-ond was the di
vision of his fune into three part.
An armle form fur battle these parta
would oouKtitute a rinlit wing center
and left wing. They each ouiprlsed
two corps aa follows: Hlfrht grand di
vision, commanded by Ucneral E. V.
Kumner, eoti.slstiuir of the Second and
Ninth corps, center commanded by
General Joseph Honker, ninde tip of
he Third add Fifth i-orpn: left tp-and
"division under (iem-ril V. P. Franklin,
consisting of th- Sixth and First corps.
Two corpn belon;riijg to this army
did not po forward to the Kr.ppahan
nock and were not included In the reorganization-namely,
and the Twelfth The Twelfth corps,
led by General V. H. Slocum, remain-
by Patriot Publishing company.
ORNFRAt, E. V. Si: VNr.lt. C H. A., HiMll
(r THr. KIOHT GUANO DIVISION, ABMI VW
d at Harper Ferry, and the Eleventh.
General Steel's command, marched no
farther than Warrenton. Both corps
were held back in order to quiet the
fears of the country ns to the safety
of Washington. In the midst of the
public clanior for the headlong ad
vance of the army against the foe
there was equally vehement demand
that the national enpttnl le safeguard
ed agulnst a Confederate flank move
ment. With these two corps in his
column Burnside would have hud odds
of 2 to 1 In his fnvor when he attack
On to the Rappahannock.
After impressing upon the Washing
ton authorities the urgent need of hur
rying forward rations and pontoon
boats for bridging the Rappnbnunock
Burnside set out for the river, with
river, divided into two corps, the first i
commanded by General James Long- ;
street and the second by General T. ;
J. ("Stonewall") Jackson. The Confed
erate Unr extended from Curpeper
Court House (where the First corps
was stationed) on Its right across the
Blue Ridge down the valley of Vir
ginia to Winches: er. There Jackson
was encamped with the SeconJ corps.
About the Ibrb of November I-ee
received information through scouts
that Bnmner, with his grand division
of more than 80.000 Federals, was
moving toward Fredericksburg. On
receipt of the information two of
Iiongfitreet's divisions were ordered
down to meet him. They made a
forced iaiireh and arrived on the hills
aronnd Fredericksburg on the after
noon of the 21st. Sumner had already
arrived, and his army was encamped
on Stafford heights, overlooking the
town from the Federal side.
Before Ingstreet reached Fred
ericksburg General Tatrick, provost
marshal general, crossed the river
I under a flrg of truce and put the In
; habitants In a state of great excite
i ment by delivering the following le
! Headquarters of the Army of thn Potomac,
I Nov. 21. 1S61
! To the Mayor anil Common Counrll of
Fred" rircbu:-r :
Gentlerr-.-. I nrter cox er of the houses
I of yo-ir city hMH hr.ve been fired upon
the lronp of mv coT.rntnl Your ir.i'.ls
! an'l mmivfac tone? nrp furtiisHnfT provt
j (nns ru:rt t iif TT.atTlnl for ctoihlni; for
armed boles In rbillnn nKalnn t?e kov
I erntnent of the t"r!:rd State'. Your rnil
I roads and o'hr means of transncrtstion
I are removing surplies to the depots of
I su-'h troops Th condition of things
: muft termltiute. nnrt bv dirwtirm of Grn-
eral Uurnide 1 nrrurd'ng'.y demand the
surrender of your eliy Into my hunris as
the representative of the government of
the t'nlted State at or b?r 5 o'rlorlc
thle afternoon. Falltnr In an affirmative
remain, even though they were under
eighteen or over thirty-five years of
Practically every ablebodied man In
the south was compiled to Join the
empt. But some men were slow to go yr r
to the front wiHinaiv. and the can- c.
tains, colonels aud ganeralu who
( wanted to fill the!r ranks went tnto
i the country and took the wnwniing re-
cruits to camp by force.
! The nse of force or intioiiilntion,
which amounted to the same thing,
i met with great opposition in parts of
j the south. The law established mill-,
i tary government, something repug
i nant to all Americs Governor Jo- "
, seph E. Brown of Gw.'fria was one of ;
' the first to challenge the Confederate
! conscription law. Its enforcement was
, seriousiy opposed in his state and in
' some counties had not been executed
! when the Georgia legislature met in
In his annual message Governor (
Brown declared that it was unconsti
tutional. The subject was referred to '
a Joint committee, and Instantly two
parties arose. A majority of the com
mittee reported that the Confederate
Though Many of Our Good Friends Have Expressed Their
Surprise, the Fact Remains Just the Same We Are
And YOU now have the GREATEST OPPORTUNITY to save BIG MONEY and get a -Piano of
lecognized QUALITY ajid REPUTATON that probably Davenport will ever offer, as we have
an ENORMOUS STOCK which must be sold REGARDLESS OF COST.
j r -
1 .'.' "
SALMON P. CHASE, PF.CK.ETABT OP THK
CMTU) STATI'3 TKKASUltl IXDEb L1K
COL.N. congress had no right to compel citi
zens to bear arms exrept by a requisi
tion upon seven1.! ttefes for their
quotas, allowing each sWa to exer-
i- H --'-- - - ."V.-. .
Greatest Variety of
Bags, Violins, Cases,
Music, Music Rolls and
and Almost Anything in
the Line of Muiic Away LESS THAN COST
ANYTHING IN OUR STORE SOLD ON TERMS ARRANGED TO SUIT YOUR CONVENIENCE.
CORRESPONDENCE OR INSPECTION CORDIALLY SOLICITED.
JOHN HOYT PIANO CO.
111-113 West Third Street.
James Pickens, President.
cstcd. sixteen hour, will b permitted to clf uoh eompuislon as miht be nee-
, . . M . , , .. I
Sumner's right grand division in the
The Second corns, in mlvance. left
Waireutou on the K.lh aud reached! n'"k tb
rnlmouth, on the left bank of the Rap
pahannock, opposite Fredericksburg. In
the earlv afternoon of the 17th. The
lapse for the removal from the city of
women and children, the sick and wound
ed and seed. etc.. which por.od having
expired I shall proceed to shell the town.
I'pon obtaining possession of the city ev
ery necessary means will be ta'xen to pre
serve order and secure the protective op
eration of the law and policy of the Unit
ed flrates govmir.r.t. I am. very re
spectfully, your obedient sen-ant.
E. V. SUMNER.
Brevet Major General. V. 8. A rmy." Com
manding Right Grand Division.
While the people were in a state of
excitement over the receipt of this de
mand for the surrender of their town,
IiOnirstreet's troops appeared upon the
heights opposite those occupied by the
Federals. Lonsstreet stated to the
town authorities that he did not care
to occupy the place for military pur- I
poses and that there was no reason j
why It should be shelled by the Fed- !
eral army. The mayor sent to General
Sumner a statement of the situation
and was notified that the threatened
shelling would not tike place since
the Confederates did not purpose to
ton a base of military
The supreme court of Georgia soon
declared that the Jw was constitu
tional, yet the governor did not cease
to oppose this enforcement. The mat
ter was not bettled during the war.
Gold and the Sinews of War.
that fdiacf had threatened their)
lives s-everal times. She also declar
ed that when the fire awoke her, she!
saw her father leave the bedroom and '
Bertha to".d Croner Johnston that
when she released herself she found
the doors of the house locked and the
windows nailed. She threw herself
lock the door. Oapps says the screams against a window and broke the glass,
of the children awoke him. j In this way she and her brothers ef-
The swry of the surviving children fected their escape. The boys tell
is that they awakened to find their I the same story.
room in flames. They say they had - Surviving children in scanty under-
been tied in their beds with a rope, clothing dragged themselves to the
home of W. R. Booth, a quarter of a
mile away. The first persons arriving
at Capps' home found him running up
and down the road yelling like a mad
man. With him was his daughter, Al
ice, aged' seven, whom he had always
referred to as his "favorite."
Coroner Johnston and Deputy Pros
ecutor Prentiss Rowe filed charges
of murder against Capps. They al
lege he went to Bonanza last night
and purchased five gallons of coal
Capps was born at Pratt City, Ala.,
and lived there until six years ago.
For two years he was pastor of the
Methodist congregation at Mazzard
Prairie, near here.
All the news all the time. The Argus.
There was no crisis in raising troops ; H
Drafting Soldiers For the Field.
At this time fifty years ago several
to continue the war in the north at the
close of 1862, but there was a money ,
front faster than the treasurer could ,
get cash to pay them. Throughout the '
summer payments to the troops in the
field had been delnyed. In part the :
shortage was caused by the pnyment of
advance money to now recruits and ;
bounties. Town, county and state boun
ties were paid in order t encourage
volunteering, but this did not come out I
of t"ie national war chest. j
Gold arrse to a high premium, from I
0 per cent in Aupust to 40 per cent iu I
November. The government offered to;
take gold on deposit and pay interest i
tn it, at the seme time return it if de
manded in ten days. People began to
speculate in gold for a raise. The secre
tary of the treasury, Salmon P. Chase,
military conscription, aud the whole
south was grappling with this un
American problem. Never before in
the history of the republic tad it been
neresssry to use intimidation or force
few pickets of the enemy who were on j nortilpru states were face to face with i became alarmed over the scarcity of
gold in the market and prevailed upon
banks not to loan paper money on it
A few banks complied, but thle merely .
led to Individual trading in gold.
Early in November Secretary Chase
offered for sale $13.O0i,nOu In bonds;
which he had held hack over a year. !
Only six days were allowed in which to
offer bids. Next day after the bonds
were offered he rsked the banks to loen
the treasury 512.0OO.fif0 at 5 per cent.
This mouey he expected to pay back '
out of the proceeds of the bond sale. '
However, this sudden call raised the
money rate 1 per cent, and the bonds
sold lower than they would but for the
sudden rise of the mouey rate.
At this time the treasury was paying
$1,300,000 a day. chiefly for war ex
penditure. There were a million sol
diers in the field, over ."WVhjO of 'the
number being new troops. The growth
of the war ei visex 1 shown by the
increase iu the estimates for the cur
rent year that 1. the fiscal year of
1&63. The new estimate for the army
was t747.OO0.O0ti for 18rs as against
$394,000,000 in IMC: for the nary,
000,000 as against J42.txi0.O0O iu 1S52.
To meet the increased outlay it was
expected that the new war taxes would
treble the government receipts in
making them $lti".iKi.0x as agninst
$51,000,000 in 1 The inflation of
the paper currency to meet the needs
of the government produced great auxi
efy in the public. Numerous remon
strances were made against the fur
ther issue of paper money. One result
ef the free use of paper mor.ey was
the rise of gold. Gold arose from 1 to
6 per cent rremium in January, ISOl'.
to 20 to M per cent in November. Tb
supply of California gold was deflect- '
ed to England owing to the danger of!
the capture of T'nlted States vessels by ;
Confederate privateers. One consign
ment wss broaglit in by the warship
Connecticut, sent to Aspinwall for this '
purpose. . Insurance was increased on
j the cargoes of ships carrying the Unit-,
this bank hastily retired as the hesd of
the corps came up. Fredericksburg
waa'at this moment occupied by a regi
ment of cavalry, four companies of in
fantry and a light battery. The guns
of the latter were to Ik- seeu in siilon
on the northern outskirts of the city,
the drivers aud rutin' meet's lying id y
about In groui:. apparently expecting
the coming of their enemy, but also ex
pecting a fair notice. If pleased Gen
eral Couch, com lii.i uder of the corps.
however. t order Captain Pettit to i
take his guns by a roundabout way 1
through some deep ravines well to the
reer of Falmouth and to climb from
behind a t-tecp hill of considerable
height exactly opiNtstte the Confeder
ate battery, the result of which was
thnt PerUt's six Parrot ts began slinging
solid shot utid shell In among the en
emy's (fins snd gunners before they
had the faintest notion that the baU
was about to open.
Gunners driven From Their Gun.
Gallkully tLcy sprang to their pieces,
but it was of no use. Pettit bad the
advantage In elevation, his guns were
!x to their four. and. besides, he had
cannoneers who could hardly be match
ed in any battery of the regular army.
Within five minutes every man bad
been driven from the pieces and had
taken refuge behind the adjacent
houses and wulls. There stood the four
jruns abandeucd In pl-iiu view.
Meanwhile some of th- Confederate
artillerymen, braver than the rest,
dashed out from rover with a pro-
long, and, nttachlng it to the nearest
piece, dragged it behind the house.
- In rain did l'et'it send one t-hot and
another after ihe gnu. Three times, at
irremilar Interval, was this repeated,
nntll at last the tempting prizes were
removed from siglit The Frd-ra! gen
erals soon gave their attention to post
ing the fust arriving reciments along
the hills skirflii'i the north bank.
Confederatei Hurry Forward.
General 15. E. I.ee'3 army was on
ooTBiuvojt ram B, BlOWH OF atOMIi,
who orroamo conscription.
In order to get soldiers to the front.
In the north a draft had be;n ordered
to take place in September unless the
quotas of the several state should be
filled by volunteers. Nearly all of the
states furnished to tbe national gov
ernment the number of men called fo
In the south the conscription law
which the Confederate congress passed
In April. bore harshly upoo the
people hecanse it was universal. It
annulled all existing contract! with
volunteers and made all men over
eighteen and under thirty-five year
of age soldiers for the whole war.
Some of those in the field had enlisted '
for only two years. All men who were
i : . IB
the south side of the Rnppahannock J in service already were required
I ed States flflir. which waa snnrher rm.
son for shipping coast eo'd to F.ntod
Did You Ever Stop to Think? If Not,
Do So Now Christmas Is Only Six Days Away
VW" E are offering many useful and desirable gift pieces, where we find only one or two of a kind, at won
derful savings in price all marked in plain figures on large yellow tags. Hundreds of articles at big
discount to close out before the first of the year are included in this Xinas special sale at 20 per cent, 25
per cent and 35 per cent discount throughout the big store. Investigate before buying home furnishings
elsewhere for Xmas.
Here Is a Winner As An Headquarters for Xmas Buyers This Handsome Art Brass
Xmas Gift Tf at tttt h-h h Lamn S!;98
Ufa IWI H D-m u. r
j Just like
1 cut L
Hard Wood Indian Seat
Well made and finished in golden
oak or early English finish, Xmas
special for only
fcn.ifim i.i.n.iiiTaga .MMiatfcMMMM.M iiiiikIiii iii inn tii nsF-iH ni ma mnini
while they laet.
You'll Find Hundreds o!
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marked with Xmas special
discount tags at 20 per cent.
r per feat and So per rent discount on Dining Tables, Buffets, China
Closets, Odd Dining: Chairs Morris ( hairs, i:sy Chairs, Library Ta
Wes, Ladles' Writing Desks, Music Cabinets. Piano Benches Pedestals
Dressers nd hundreds of other articles too numerous to mention.
.lust like 1
Cut. ' i
This is the one plft appreciated
and enjoyed hy all in tnejjome,
anil at about half its actnal value,
whilj they last, your choice of gae
GIRL ACCUSES FATHER ito Jeat,h his wo children. Flosie, aged Capps. were so seriously burned that
nr DllDMimP PUII --.. ( ifint. and PriscUla, aged three, in! it is feared they will die. A fifth
OF BURNIiVu CnlLUREnl j their home, a mile and u quarter, child. Bertha, aged 15, was slightly
Fort Smith. Ark.. Dec. 19. Marion : northwest of Bonanza. .The Capps burned.
Capps, aged 35, a widower and for two j home waa destroyed by fire about 3 The coroner's Jury recommended!
years pastor of the Mazsard Prairie j o'clock yesterday morning, .and in ad-1 that Capps be held to the grand jury:
Methodist church, la confined in thejdition to tie two facilities. Ellis, aged I charged wjtfc the crime.
vuiuity Jail her charged with burning if. and ilacK, aged 10, sons ol Mr.. Bertha Capps swore at Uie inuuebt.
A Tip for Dad-This .doll's
folding all metal go-cart
Bny the little one a doll'a go-cart just like cut very Btrong
and durable. At our price you are expected to carry them away
yourself. While they last this cart, without hood, for
Here Is a Gift for the Little One
At a small cost that will give more satisfaction and
enjoyment than any one article you can Imv her.
This all metal folding doll's go-cart, just QOp
like cut, with hood, for onlv . .". iUL