Newspaper Page Text
THE ROCK ISLAND ARGUS. TUESDAY. FEBRUARY 11, 1913.
Incidents in the Career o
Sj . .
By WALTON WILLIAV.S. ;
tCopyrlKht. 1312. by American Press Ajuo- '
'IIF.N Abraham Lincoln was
Wf,J in.-i'i-.-urutcil the
V7 t.n:c tin- war tci
big tu close In little
more ttiiiii ! month the surrender at I
. Appoiniittov wiii!d end serious ivkM- Pre-1 dent Lincoln's second Inaugural 1 ery part of the program. Though near-'anii-
on i he part of the soith. Al-j whs brief, but was perhaps his most j ly 4.000 persons were present, there
r r.ly it wa nponrer't that ttie strug- J finished oration, not xceptiDg that tit was not the least confusion either oo
gie wns In Its last since. It wa tin- i Gettysburg. Ills voire carried far out ! the floor or In the halls.
lcr peculiarly hi'pp.v uuspiees. there- j over the crowd. There was. of course, j "The president, vice president, the
lore, tint the great war president was, much applause, and ail present were! cabinet Generals Halleck and P.anks,
twoni In f it- a second term. visibly touched by the beautiful clos-1 Admiral Farragut and a large num-
i;rili 4. ISO. fell on Saturday. The j j-, j.n in -rn tiIi beginning with the fa-1 ber of civil and military officers were
w either for two or threp days had i mons words. "With malk-e toward ! conspicuous on the floor."
ie.-n lii'.'leuieiit. Washington was not
paved then as it N t'day. ami rain hud
Ball at Lincoln's Second
filled the streets with i-.!i!i.
theleKH gre;it thrones of people
arriving nt the capital a week
the great day. nud by Wednesday ail I
the hotels and lmlcinir houses were j
lammed, aud the erowd begun to over
flow into Knltimore, where the hotels
h!so rapidly hiled.
The weailier on Saturday morulng
was stl'.l tbreateiilr-K. and there wa
notuc rain, l'esp'.te th.s foet Peuuvl-
vanlu aretiue was liued with lt,u"' !
b:td sought all sorts of points of van
tae to view the parade.
rZlulZ: rl i
- " - ,
waru noon, as is ttie custom on inau
guration days, the president -.vas nt
the eapitol Hlciiiiiir t ills. Th
efore a .
conlt,.llt;e of senators was sent for
Mrs. I.'.ucolu. but because of the crush
n,fi:. v'i r I : 1-
lix Governor Claflin vi;s a personal '
friend of Lincoln and was In close I
touch with hitn durins the exciting
ruinpntgu of lS '.O. IU had a rich fund
of nueedo's. and bis favorite was a
atory of I.lucoln and Do lglas.
lieuglas. meeting Lincoln, made a
characteristically unplf asant remark, j
"Why. Abe. I re:uemlHr you when '
you were nothing but u young clerk I
fiAMtrtlfrtt nt't nt rofll finrt ttAillnr
hquor over tbe counter "
"Yes." nn-'wcreil Litu-oln: "the only
difference letweeu you and me was
that I was on one side of the counter
aud you were ou the other "
LINCOLN SAVED THE BUG.
l-'ormer Senator William E.
Mason of I: lino! told a story
that illustrates Abnthain Lin
coln's Intinte kindness Accord
tsg to I'r.son. Lineolu was driv
ing alon the road one day w hen
torn suddenly stoiiped the bugy.
H aafr a beetle on Its back,
ctrugglinu vainly to retain iu
feet. Lincoln tot out of the
carriage and turned the bug
over. As be re-entered the bug
gy be said: "Well. I feel bet
ter. I hare done a good act. I
have given that bug nn equal
show with all the other bugs cn
M U lii I
I I T
she did rot reach her eat until after
i the Inaugural ceremony waa over.
3 In the parade down the avenue the
president it In the foremost carriage
I with his secretary. Benin hln came
the vice president and Tie president
i elect, the cabinet senators and mesa
6 ! bers of congress and other high dlgni-
! taries. The parade took an hour to
pass a civerr point- n iiuiukuiu
dlc - rn.
Preceding the presidents arrival In
the senate chamber Vice I'resident
Hr.mlin had sworn in his. successor.
Andrew Johnson, who had made a
brief ad.lress. At this point .Mr. (Lin
coln's tall form appenrpd. and after he
was seated the line was farmed lead
Inn to the temporary stand erected at
tb? east portico.
About this was as
sembled one of the largest crowds ever
seen up to that time. In Washington
none, with charitv lor all.
The oalb was administered by Chief
Justi'-e Phase, and ns the taii form of!
the president bowed to kiss the Hil. .e
of the multitude bro!
rrtrttl IH1,i t e aUout tue cait..
an(1 thnniuhoiit the city boomed fonb i
tle preshleiit's salute.
After the .'hue procession had
turned to i:e White House, where it
wn review. jv the president, a re-
fHntiiil n-iiM t.i.ifl u t whtr-H ir rvna uu.
,!..., ,.h th.-.t -l.-.fum imnl.
Aside from tbe military character of
the iTianjnsratN-"';. one of the features
most commented on was th nrpunra
una t i. .eiis n.i vcu or cuaneis.
Ti e ln;iu:tn;l ball was not held till
l.im1ntT ... ..lit. VfoK a T
r , ,i ... .nj:
I itv., ...... 44i l ucr jfc-uiuu UU11U1IJS.
'T-1 x'. rr -. m . .
o .e ii'u injuog or jiarcu t
ays of the alTtdr:
AT LINCOLN'S DEATHBED.
. The first man of tbe group to
break the silence in the cham
ler of de:ith after the spirit of
Abraham Uucoln bad left lta
tenement of clay to go to the
God who pryo it was Secretary
of War Stai;ti.-n. who. while look
ing intently on ''.he pallid, calm
features of '.Jhu nation's first
martyred president. s:iid. "Now
he he !o::gs t ) the ayes "
? ,o rz- fft ifj4&& til)
, ' TT -"U H"I mii;h " i m.i
."''- ' -. ' r ., . '! -. V.j-'s
4 I? 5 r lA t.. - ' - 5ei?j
h t:-:: i
7 " X
JL I T ".VOW btj BftiONOS TO THE AOKS." J.
. . '
"The Inauguration ball In the pen
sion building vas a great success.
"At an early hour the ballroom was
crowded, and before 10 o'clock muny
persons were retiring from the build
ing, unwilling to endure the jam of
The hall Is beautifully decorated
with national flags. The tables in tbe
Ninth street wing are spread in the .
most sumptuous manner. The bands
are filling the vast building with stir- j
ring music, and all goes merry as a j
marriage bell. i
"Soon after 10 o'clock President Lin-
coin and lady, accompanied by Senator
Sumner and Speaker Colfax, entered
the ballroom and. being JoiDed by many
distinguished personages, promenaded
"The committee of managers bad so
perfectly arranged the affair as to se
cure the most complete harmony In ev-
The accompanying picture was pho
tographed from an etching of the
sieue iuatie shortly after tin- eveut. In
t'.'e foregrouml stunds Presidetit I.in-
i-o'n trrcerintr a ladr. and hv liiv Kid
u Vice l'rsi.-'e it. ' Andrew" Juhuson.
whom a sad tr.i-dy was soon to make
president. To the right are seeu tieii-
eral t;r.:nt. Secretary Stanton. Aduiiral
I-!rragut. ;eneral Bauks. General But
ler aud ether distinguished ritures. To
the left stand Generals Mrlowell. Ilal
leok and Burnside. .lu.-l in front of
them and immediately behind the pres
ident is Mrs. Lincoln.
There may lie at least one historical
inaccuracy in the picture, as I can find
- contemporary account that Genera.
Grant attended the ball, and he was
then so conspicuous that his presence
would surely have been noted. But
the etching is valuable In giving the
dress and atmosphere of tbe period. If
for nothing else.
The Trouble With the World.
It was a freijuent custom with Lin- j
coin to carry his children on his slioui- j
ders. He rarely went down street that
be did not have one o" his younger boys
mounted on bis shoulder, while anoth
er hung to his coat. Koland Diller.
who was ar neighbor of Mr. Lincoln,
told one of tbe bet of the stories. He
was called to the door one day. nnd
there was Mr. Ijncoln striding by with
the boys, both of whom were wailing
aloud. "Why. Mr. Lineolu. what's tbe
matter with the tioys?" he asked.
".lust what's the matter with the
whole world." Lincoln replied. "I have
three walnuts, and each wants two."
I I 1 M I
LINCOLN ON SECESSION.
Plainly tbe central Mea of se
cession is the essence of an
archy. A majority held In re
straint by constitutional checks
and limitations, always changing
easily with deliberate changes of
popular opinio:: and sentiments,
is the only true sovereign of a
free people. Whoever rejerts it
does, of necessity, fly to anarchy
or to despotism. Unanimity is
impossible. The rule of a ir.ir.or
ify. as a permanent arrange
ment, is wholly inadmissible, so
that, rejecting the majority prin
ciple, anarchy or despotism in
some forr.i U e!1 that is left.
From I"irt liiriiinml Address.
From a wartime pnotagraph.
. r sin rr
IFiftv Years Ago
By JAMES A. EDGERTON.
Copyright, lOiil. I y An'erican 1'reFs Asso
I i I l-'TY years aj'o Abraham Lin-
coin h::d reached his Valley
l-rge one a!;:!(Mt mi;;bt say
bis Jelhscr.iatio. lie was fifty-
four ypars old and hud been iu tbe pres
idency a fine less than two years,
luiring most of that time the wur had
leeu raiug. Iu the west it had been in !
u measure favorable to the Union, but j
iu tbe east, where the coLtst must
finally be decided, the result hid been
rather tbe reverse. Two disastrous bat
lies had been fought at Bull Kun. Mc
Cleliau's peninsular catrpaign was in
the main a failure. That general had re
fijeuied himself to sou-e extent and b::d
i temporarily made brighter the outlook
; of the north at Antietatu. but bis con
' tinued inaction following the buttle
: had compelled the president to sup
plant hlua with Buruside.
. On Dec. 13 tbe disastrous battle at
j Fredericksburg had been fought, and
shortly afterward the president was
: Sooking for n new general. Ou Jan. 22
It became plajn that Burnside's second
i campaign had failed, end a few days
j later be resigned the command of the
i Army of the Potomac. Four men were
J considered for the succession. Reyn
olds was approached, but said be
would not take the command under
conditions and restrictions then exist
ing. Thia narrowed the field to three
'Kosecrans. Hooker and Meade. The
pbjectlon to Kosecrans was that he was
! a western oflicer. Secretary of War
! Stanton violently opposed Hooker, and
this opposition was seconded by many
prominent array officers. President
Lincoln himself bad doubts about
Hooker's temperament and bis ability
for an independent command.
At this point politics entered the
!field. Secretary of the Treasury Chase
Was already plotting to supplant Lin
coin for the Republican presidential ; was made the next day. tbe talk con
comlnation iu 1SV4. It has since been j tinued. it also included Stanton and
discovered that Lincoln knew of j Chase, both of whom, it was said.
Chase's machinations, but in his large would resign. It was likewise widely
hearted magnanimity overlooked them, rumored that General Halleck would
Whether he knew of tbem at this time : be removed and McClellan recalled to
or not Is open to question. At any rate
i friends of Chase approached Hook'
I er and received froru that general as
j snrances that if be were appointed bj
: the command of the Army of tiie i'oto-
I mac and won the victory he would not;
T ! 'seek tbe presidency. The Chase parti- !
3. i sans at this point brought nil tbe infill-
T j eure posib'e to liear in favor of Hook-
; er. who was u::nied. Lincoln's letter
i a-coiupanyiny: the cot::miioti is so
f characteristic that it is jiiven iu full:
T i General 1 have placed you at the head
3. , T the Army of tbe Potomac, of course
1 time dr'f- T": ufn rli-:t p(.tar tD me
to L oJSc-ent r-aoi.. :ui.1 v -t I th'nn e
It-fcl ror you lo know t::.it xr.ere art so?.
things u retard to wt.ca i am ut nuixi
satisfied with you. I believe you to l a I bonds. $300000.0110 in treasury notes
br.ive and s;k!!!f ul aoldlpr. which, of course, . ..... , , . .
I like. I auo believe that you do not antl $-'H).jO0.OW in legal tender, popu
mix politics with your profession, in which larly known as greenbacks. ( This plan
you am risht. You have ccniidence In j w'as afterward carried out practically
yourself y.i.ich Is a valuable if not an in- , ,n th;lt fo,.m TUl, ,in..,IK.ial straits of
li:Ei)('nst;blt" (jua!ity. You are ambitious.
U-KtrK althin m-ii.win Ylr l.nnmlc onml
......... ......... . . ........ Ul. uwuii... " J ft, .
rather than harm. iJut 1 think that during '
Cui'eral liurnsidc's commanJ of the army !
you have taken counsel of your ambition !
and thwarted him as much as you could, j
! In which you uid a great wronK to the
; country anr! to a most meritorious and j
: honorable brother officer. J have heard. I
j in such a way as tu believe it. of your re
l cently staying that both the army and the i
eovo.-nmeut nccdird a dictator. Of course ,
i it was not for this, but in spite of it. that
; I have given you the command. Only
i iihj.j Kent-rills w no gain successes can set
! up dictators. What I now ask of you is
j militr.ry success, and 1 will risk the die
l tatorrhip. The government will support
' you to tlwi utmost of Its ability, which la
' neither more nor less than it has done and
; will do for oil commanders. 1 much fear
that the spirit which you have aided to
I infuse Into the army, of eriticisinB their
commander and withholding confidence
from him. will now turn upon you. 1
hall absitt ycu, as far as 1 can to put it
Copyright by Fatrlot Publishing company.
OENEBAD JOSEPH HOOEEB.
were alive again, could get any good out
of an army while such a spirit prevails
in it. And now beware of rashness. Be-
ware of rashness, but with energy and !
sleepless vigilance go forward and give us j
victories. Yours very truly. I
Following the defeat at Fredcricks-
! burg there were persistent rumors of
wholesale army and cabinet changes,
j On Dec. 20 this gossip had taken defl
! nite form. It was to the effect that
j Seward was to leave and Greeley to
I enter the cabinet
Events nt this time were not particu
larly encouraging in any direction to
j the Washington government and its
I harassed need On Dec. 28 tbe Cor.-
federates raided near Alexandria and
cut the wires between Washington and
I the army, thus increasing the fears of !
' residents of the capital, who were In
i an almost constant s;a!e of alarm for
j the safety of the city.
Lack of i:i iiey was also an embar-
j ranscient. The government was In
i pressing need of more than 1 1 .000.000.-
:'nd rur'y In January the house
eo'iini:' ,'ee -i!i wars and means pro-
I posed the issuance of $000,UUU,UOO is
v'ICW.. ! '' X?, TV
l Cjr 4 3 "
Pur "Xx'2s j
OENEBAD JOSEPH HOOEEB.
the government were indicated In a
special message of the president on
Jan. 1!) asking that $U.(H)!',(lO0 be pro
cured for back pay to the troops.
Even the emancipation proclamation,
which bad been formally issued on
.Tau. 1. was creating trouble in certain
quarters. The freeing of tbe slaves
was Iineoln's greatest act. yet be did
it with misgivings. He feared its ef-
j fect on tIl(, i,order states nnd on south
em Union men in the army and out
of it. For a time bis fears appeared
to be realized, for enlistment fell off,
and there were mutter'.ngs of discon
tent affecting even the army. Echoes
of what was being said were heard In
congress. On Jon. 0 Senator Sauls
bury denounced the proclamation la
open senate, and on Jan. 21 Senator
Harding of Kentucky followed this up
by a fierce attack, in which he de
nominated the proclamation as "dis
union doctrine" and an "attack on
! tbe constitution."
These were perhaps the darkest
days that Lincoln ever knew. The
responsibility for the whole war was
upon him. and it was almost more
than he could bear. lie felt he had
done right both in dismissing McCIel
Inn and in freeing the slaves, and yet
he was being fiercely assailed for
both. His enemies had a shadow of
ground for their strictures In the fact
that the Union troops were not win
ning victories, their claim being that
these two acts had undermined the
spirit of the army. In a few months
all this talk was to be largely silenced
by the two momentous Union suc
cesses that finally turned the tide in
favor of the north, but at tb.Is time
pour i.iucoiu nuew Doming oi viCKS-
burg and Gettysburg and had to go
j through his Valley Forge with few
rays to lighten the gloom.
j . ..
Hllj AWr I 11.111 U
! HUH HlIL LlltUULU
GOT RIO OF A BORE
Among other well meaning northern
men who bothered Lincoln in 1804 with
lmprauticable plans for ending tbe war
was a kindly, bland and bald old fel
low whose flow of conversation was
simply maddening to the good natured
:jut busy president. By. hook or crook
the old fellow managed to get by the
sentinels, and Lincoln was too soft
hearted to give him peremptory orders
to remain away, relates it writer in the
Omaha Bee One afternoon when he
had Interrupted important business for 1
nearly an hour the president suddenly
rose, hurried to a cupboard and drew
forth a large lottle.
"Did you ever use this remedy for i
the unwelcome caller was
"Never," he replied, examiuin
"Well. said Lincoln, with nu air of
one conferring an espetial favor, "yon
... .. .. ( T I ..... . . I . . . 1 . . J I
go borne, rub it well into the bead and
come back, say, in three months nnd
let me know if it did you cn.-ul "
And he bust led the dairies nld ebau
j through the door aud bowed biiu off.
Inquiries among a large number of women
using "The Cook's Book" showed this to
be their favorite cake recipe. It iseay to
make certain to turn out well if K C La!;
inS Powder Li used, and mr.y be put to
gether with almost any liiiing or icin.
K C Cream Cake
By Mrs. Janet MrKenzic Hill, Editor of
the Boston Cooking School Maaiine.
One-Jialf c;p butter; 1 cup sugar;
yolk of S egg's, beaten light; JJ cups
eifttd flour; d level teaspoon fula K C
Bakitig Powder; J cup cola water; whites
eft eggs, beaten dry.
Cream the butttr; add the sugar, yolks of
cpg and water; then the Hour, silted three
times sith the hakinjj powder; lastly the
whites of esgs. lUke in two' or jTy
three layers; put these together feji)
with cream filling, and dredge fcvjji
the top with confectioner's sunr. R-..
One-fourth cup sifted flour; J tea
npoonful salt; 1 cup hot milk; 1 egp,
beaten light; i cup sugar; 1 teaspoonful
vanilla extract; 1 ounce chocolate.
Mix flour and salt with a very little cold
milk; stir iuto the hot milk and cook ten
minutes; add the chocolate and stir until it
is melted and evenly blended with the flour
mixture, then beat in the epg mixed with the
sugar, and lastly the Tanilla.
You need the K C Cook's Book, contain
ing this and 89 other delicious recipes sent
fret upon receipt of the colored certificate
packed in every 25-cent can of K C Baking
Powder. Send to the Jatpies Mfg. Co.,
OLD TIME TRAINED NURSES.
Removing end Burying the Dead Wm
Part of Their Duties.
In their "Htatory of Nursing" the a
hors, Miss Nutting and Missi Dock,
quote from an article written In 17tt4
which gives an Insight Into what wai
required of the trained nurse In the
eighteenth century. The article says:
"This occupation is as important for
humanity as its functions are tow nnd
repugnant All persons are not adapt
ed to it, and the beads of hospital
ought to be difficult to please, fov Un
lives of patients may depend upon their
choice of applicants. Tbe nure should
be patieut, mild, compassio -.ate. She
should console the sick, foresee their
needs and relieve their tedium.
The domestic duties of the nurse are
to light the fires in the wards nnd keep
them going, to carry nnd distribute
nourishment, to accompany the sur
geons aud doctors on their rounds nn5
afterward to remove all dressings, etc.;
to 6weep the halls and wards and keep
the persons of the patients and their
surroundings clean, to empty all vessel;
aud change the patients' linen, to pi
vent noise and quarreling and disturb
ances, to notify the steward of every
thing they see which is wrong, to carry
out the dead and bury them, to light
the lamps in the eveniug aud visit tin?
Kick d'iring the night and to watch
them continually, giving them every
aid which their state requires and
treating them with kindness and con
sideration." Inflammatory Rheumatism Uulckly
Morton L. Hlli of Lehanon, Ind.,
ays: . "My wife had inflammatory
rheumatism In every muscle and joint:
ber suffering was terrible and her body
and face were swollen almost beyond
recognition; had been in bed for six
weeks and bad eight physicians, but
received no benefit until she tried Dr.
Detchon's Relief for Rheumatism. It
gave Immediate relief acd she was able
to walk in three days. I am sure it
saved her life," Sold by Otto Grotjan.
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Gust. Schlegel & Son. 220 Second
treet, Davenport (Advertisement)
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