Newspaper Page Text
IXTY-SKIOM) YKAll NO. 140.
TUESDAY, APRIL 8, 1913. TWELVE PAGES.
PKICE TWO CENTS.
S. jHOME EDITION
Ratification by Connecti
cut Puts Amendment
36 STATES APPROVED
Change in Method of Choosing
Representatives to Become
Operative in 1914.
v ashington, D. C, April 8. Direct
e )!on or I'nlted States senators be-
aiii' one of the provisions of the coil
s' it ij' iirn toiluy by Connecticut's ratl
li'atK.n ol the amendment to that ef
f'ci. Thirty-six states, the requisite
t in"' fourths of all in the union, have
1 1. ir.n mJ the change.
Tlii- l ew amendment to the consti
tution, for the popular election of
lrn'd states senators, is the 17th to
In- iii''.i-u it reads:
! x.-njitors of the United States
: i in- composed of two senators
l: 1:1 - j' li state, elected by the people
Hi h ; f. fi r six years; aJid each sena-
r s'ltil hav) one vote. The electors
in i-ai-li state shall have the qualifl-
io-.m requisite for electors of the
inn?! in:.i!tTous branch of the state
leir. ii tn:-.-s.
"V. fii-n vaeanreH happen In the rcp
n s-ft iion of any state In the senate,
re- !:;( ,it ive authority of such state
' h'.I ihkui" writs of election to fill
t i li vacancies, providttd that the legls
I.'iit i '. any state may empower the
i -iiiwi thereof to make temporary
I'l'Oii.'rnetr.K until the people fill the
aiHii(i by election as the legisla
trrK may dirtct."
'I he amendment primarily transfers
t'if power of electing senators from
;:'.! l' lriwlatures to the people at
!!.s. To effm t this change It was
to al'T the machinery foe
.'lie of vacancies In the senate.
I'll.MT op so 1EAIIS.
in it" than 60 years proposals
ln'i-fi nwde to change the constl-
t ' m ,ii ut to provide for the direct
i V i .i n i f senators. It was not. ho'-
1 1 ut i i June 24, 1911, that the gen
i. e was Induced for the first time In
lis ("story to give Its consent to the
i '.ui.itf. On that. day it voted to sub
::t to the states tho proposed amend
lut The resolution to submit had
i'lreaily passed tho house In a some
vhat different form. Hef;re adjourn
ment of the session, both houses
it i t" the language to be employed,
l "il the resolution was deposited with
liie S"cretury of state May 1C, 111 2, for
I'istribu'ion among the states.
The original theory in establishing
'lie choice of senators was that they
tepreseiiU'd the states, whereas the
Members of the house represented the
)ecplt. in their districts. It was be
e. 'use of this theory of the state ls a
mil that all states, large and small,
v ere given equal r. presentation in the
M tiaie, Rhode Island having the same
Miinber as New York or Pennsylvania.
In the theory of the constitution frnm
ers this entity of the Ftate was thus
made more distinct under the federal
h.vsteni. slid the state legislature was
tenarded as the suitable medium for
"pressing this s'ate entity. Later it
was contended that state entity would
sMH be preserved if the people of the
i titire state, instead of the U glslatiire.
those the senators, and this view has
t ow n aeiepted as the basis of the
new s strut.
In 1S26 tho first action was taken in
ungres looking to a change. In that
ear Representative Storrs. of New
York. Introduced a resolution making
senators elec'le by the people. An
other resolution of simil.ir import was
introduced by Representative Wright
of Ohio, In 1$2!. In D.rt Senator Clem
ens of Alabama introduced the first
Miiatorial direct election resolution in
the senate. Nothing resulted from
HF.VMED BV Jlln.
It was Andrew Johnson who revived
(ongrrssicnal agitation for the direct
let tion of senators. As a member of
the house of representatives, he intro
duced two resolutions for the change,
mid In 1M0 renewed the agitation as a
member of the senate. In 1S6S. as
president, he sent a special message
t" congress advocating the measure,
pnd then repeated his recommenda
tions in his annual message.
The subject was revived in 1S73.
l7t. Ht arri lS. but without stic
ks. In 1S31 the house agreed to the
j:pcsi"in. as it did in the succeed
ing i ;Migr s. and still again in 1898.
1 mm m,d K'02. The proposed change
:i I.;-Tie of t'.iete ocCasitT.S won a
f:cr:.liV report frem committees in
W'i'ti tii" hi use thus arrayed year af
t t e;.r !n f:or of the change, the
m -"ate b' Eni tl'.c battle ground. Sen
u i r i:- -ton- f Kansas took the lead
i'. advocacy of ::..' r.dirg the const it u
t. u along "hit. iir.e. In tiiTOT.bcr,
P'oy. 1; introduced his first resolu
t.vu. A j ear U.t: te obtained a re-
Forecast Till 7 p. m. Tomorrow, for
Rock Island, Davenport, Molirve,
ain tonight and Wednesday. There
will be littif change in temperature.
Highest temperature yesterday, r,8;
lov.?t, 36. At 7 a. m. today the tem
perature was 36.
Wind velocity, 24 miles an hour.
Relative humidity at 7 p. m. iZ; at
7 a. m., 72.
River stage, g.2, with a fall of 2.02
J. M. SHERIER, Local Forecaster.
Eveninp: stars: Venus, Saturn. Morn
ing stars: Mercury. Jupiter. Mars.
The Milky way extends along the west
ern sky from pole to pole, midway be
tween zenith and the horizon in the
west, where it U brilliant.
port from the committee, but a feature :
had been tacked onto bis proposal
which brought on a fight In the senate,
and threatened to kill the entire prop
osition. The Interposed feature was
to amend other provisions of the con
stitution so as to deprive the federal
government of power to supervise the
state regulatlonfl as to the time and
manner of eleotlon. The votes of
southern states in depriving negroes
of the right of suffrage. Senator Ba
al government was given this power.
Senator Root made a speech, in which
he critioised the method employed by
southersn Btates in depriving negroes
of the right of sudrage. Senator Ba
con replied that the federal govern
ment was being given the power once
more to enact "force bills" and send ,
armies and marshals into southern
Btates to intimidate voters. On Feb. ;
28, just before the end of the session. '
trie resolution was aeieaieu oy iuur i
Senator Brletow reintroduced the '
resolution in the special session im-
mediately following. The fight of the
preceding session was refought, but
this time the friends of the resolution
won by a vote of 64 to 24, or fivt more
than the required two-thirds.
The house had passed a resolution
which made It clear the federal gov
ernment was not to interfere with
senatorial elections in the states. For
weeks the measure was in conference.
Finally the house conferees receled
and tho bouse agreed to the senate
measure by a vote of 237 to 39.
STVrKS TAKK BIT.
Previous to this time, the several
states bad taken the bit In their teeth
bjr-enacting laws which in effect -1
not wait for a constitutional amend
ment on the subject. Probably the
most successful of these was adopted i
in Oregon. It virtually directed the
members of the legislature to elect the
person who received the majority
vote at the regular election, when the
placing of the name of a candidate for
I'nited States senator upon the tickt.
The control of legislatures by great
corporations was assigned by Senator
Bristow as one of the main reasons for
the demanded change. "With the d
velopmeut during recent times of the
great corporate interests of the coun
try," said he, "and the increased im
portance of legislation relating to
their affairs, they have tenaciously
sought to control the election of sena
tors friendly to their interests. The
powVr of these great financial and in-
mistrial msinuuons can oe verj rue.-
' V . ,
tively used in the t-leotton or senators i
by legislators, and they have many j
times during recent years used that ;
power in a most reprehensible and
scandalous manner. They have spent
enormous amounts of money in cor- 1
ruptina legislatures to elect to tue
senate men of their own choosing.
Il.l.01 AMO FIRST.
The first senators to be elected by (
the new. method will be thcee who !
take their seats for the term beginning
March 4. l'.'lo. They will be elected at
the November elections of 1914.
The first 33 states to ratify the
amendment were: Arizona. Arkansas.
California. Colorado. Idaho. Illinois, In
diana, lew a. Kansas. Maine. Massa
chusetts Michigan. Minnesota. Mis
souri. Montana. Nfbraska, Nevada.
New Hampshire. New Jersey, New
York. New Mexico. North Carolina,
North Dakota. Oklahoma. Oregon.
South Dakota. Texas. Vermont. Wash
ington. West Virginia, Wisconsin and
BOMB TO CASTLE
Dudley. Kng'and, April 8. Militant,
suffrages early today attempted to
blow up the ruins of historic Dudley
castle, parts of which date back to the
8th century. Iuhabitacts of the town
were awakened by loud explosions.
The police on searching the castle
grounds found chemicals and blasting
powder that had failed to explode, and
the damage done was not serious.
None of the inmates was Injured.
"Votes for women and damn the con
sequences" was painted on one old
canncn, and "In honor of Mr. Pank
hurst" on another.
Ixudon, April 8. Another cam
paign of destruction was started by
the suffracots against the mail boxes
today. Hundreds of boxes were ren
dered useless and much n.ail was de
stroyed by acifs, ink and burning
President Occupies 15
Minutes in Reading of
WISHES APPEAL HEARD
Says Executive and Lawmakers i
Are Servants in Common
(President Wilson's message Is
printed In full on page S cf this issue.
Washington, D. C, April 8. Presi- 1
dent Wilson reverted today to the
custom of a century ago in reviving
the precedent by which congress heard
from the lips of the chief executive
his message to the national legislai I
ure. Two motives influenced Wilson
to read in person his first communica-
tion to congress the perfunctory way
in which presidential messages usually j
are received and his desire that every
member hear his appeal for a thorough
revision ot tne tarm. The message
took less than 15 minutes to read.
prkmde'nt is a ikro.
President Wilson began as follows:
-i alrl very clsd indeed to have this
opportunity to address the two houses
directly and to verify for myself the '
impression that the president of the I
I'nited States is a person, not a mere !
department of government, hailing'
congress from some isolated island of
jealous power, sending his message, j
not speaking naturally and with his
own voice, and that he is a human be
ing trying to cooperate with other hu-;
man beings in a common service. After ;
tiiis pleasant experience, I shall feel
quite normal in all our dealings with :
one another." I
IIIU t IVtBLE TO TTK R.
Secretaries IrfflifiMcAdoo, Daniels
nd Garrison, with their families, took
seats in the executive gallery to hear
the president read his message. Sec-
letarj- Bryan said he had another en-
gagement and could not go. Mrs. Wil
son end her three daughters also took
eeats in the gallery.
. i.i.i:kii: packed. i
The lions" galleries were packed '
w'th the wives, families and friends
cf senators and representatives two i
l ours before the president was sched
uled to appear. Admiral Dewey was
iescorted t0 a 0n the floor ;abiT,g
, advantage for the first, time of a pi 'hi- i
i lege a tended him by congress when
i lie returned triumphant from Manila, j
j He was cheered as he entered the i
,thamlier. So unusual was the event'
I that Superintendent Woods of the cap- j
! ito installed a moving picture i sniera i
,to take moving pictures of the extra
ordinary scene, ine mm win be pre-
as A tist0ric record
GIVES n.OSB ATTESTIO.
President Wilson, on his way from
: the White house, was accompanied
only by his feecretary and one secret
service man. Upon arriving at the
, capitol the president was escorted to
t one gtde and President Mar.
6ha,j at ,he other The preBident
epo wjth his usual clarity of tone
end with notable diction. The audi-
euce, w men actually packed the Cham-
ber. gave the closest attention.
mi.exce is istesse.
The president wan rhoereri no ho
mounted the rostrum and shook hands they w ill come up on a special order. I Christiana, April 8 Failure has
with Speaker Clark. He began to speak Representative McCormick, prores- overtaken the German arctic exp"di
immediately. There was intense si-j give, offered a joint resolution in the tion under Lieutenant Se hroeder
lence in the great room. The presi- -t house today creating an old age pen- 1 Stranz. Most of the members are be-
aent was speaking in an ordinary tone
as he explained his coming in person;
to deliver his message. j
APPI.AI st: from FI.ooR. j
A murmur of conversation that i
swept the gallery when the president
began was soon hushed as the tall im- j
posing figure at the clerk's desk read ture to attend at St. Ixiuis, April 30,
on in his commanding but conversa-' 1913, ,he unveiling of a statute of
tional style. As he closed his intro- J Thomas Jefferson. A resolution offer
ductory remarks explaining his pres-1 ed DV. Senator Denvir was adopted,
ence, senators and representatives , naming a committee of five to arrange
joined in appiause. The president
concluded reading at 1:08 amid a wave
cf applause, and immediately left the
chamber. As the president conclud
ed, he said:
"I thank you sincerely."
As the house and senate members
arose and applauded, the president '
stepped quietly down from the clerk's
desk and, escorted by the reception
committee, left the hall.
GIRL FROM HOME
London. April ?. Mis6 Dodge,
granddaughter of John Bigelow, for
mer I'nited States ambassador to
France, and daughter of Mrs. Lionel
Gue6t, has disappeared, leaving word
she had become weary of "con ve-nT ion
el existence" and desired to make her
own way in the wcrld.
English militants have broken into a frenzy of riot and disorder following the imprison
ment of Mrs. Pankhurst. Dispatches say that they have enlisted the aid of men of criminal
type to assist in the work of dynamiting and destruction.
MORE PLANS FOR
Committee Named to Arrange:
Illinois Anniversary Is In- i
creased by Legislature.
FIVE MEMBERS ARE ADDED
House Adopts Amendment
Scope of White Slave Inquiry
Springfield, 111., April 8. The house
concurred in senate joint resolution
o. 24, adding three members to the
faculty of the niversity of Illinois
and two members of the state historl
cul society to membership on the com
mittee to arrange ior the celebration
in 1!H8 cf the 100th anniversary of the
udmit'sion of Illinois to statehood. The
resolution was offered by Senator
II- arn. who also offered the original
resolution creating a commission of
live senators and five representatives
to have charge of the plan of celebra
tion. Bills on administration measures
prepared by Judge Gilbert of Chicago
and designed to relieve the state from
j payment of any costs in a suit brought
j by and finally won by the state were
held over until next Tnesdav when
slou investigating committee,
A ,rtter t0 Governor Dunne from !
pres1(jent Francis of the Universal Ex- j
position company of St. Iouis was
r(.ad in tne senate, inviting members
f both houses of the Illinois legisla- i
1 fcr attending the exercises. The sen-
I ae hv a vo'e of 30 to 0 missed Sena
tor Juul's bill empowering boards of
r-duration in cities of from 1.000 to
lofi.fiuo population to levy an addi
tional tax cf or.e-haif cf 1 per cent by
submitting the proposed increase to
referendum vote cf the people.
FIXES STATE AS LIMIT.
Without a dissenting vote, the.
house adopted an amendment offered
by the house appropriations commit
tee to the senate "white slave" inves
tigation appropriation by limiting the
scope of the Investigation to the state
of Illinois. The measure appropriates
$10,000 for the committee's use. Af
ter adopting the amendment the house
sent the bill to the third reading. Oth
er bills were advanced from second to
Burglars Loot a Postoffice.
Decatvr, 111., April 8. Burglars Sun-
day night looted the postoffice at
Litchfield. 111., obtaining $l"0 in rash
aad stamps. They blew the eaf e open.
REIGN OF TERROR
Some Reductions Pro
posed by Tariff Bill -
I Wheat, bu $ .25 $ .10
! Eggs, doz C5 .02
; Apples, peaches, etc., bu. .. .25 .10
Automcbiles and motor- (pet.) (pet.)
Iron and steel forgings. .
Table and kitchenware. .
i Paints, colors, etc
Ready-made clothing ....
iWoven fabric 50
Women's kid gloves, doz.
Women's glace gloves,
Scrap tobacco, lb ,
OX TIIK I HF.K l.lT.
Bocts and shoes
Sugar duties are to be reduced 25 per
i cent immediately and removed entire
jly in 1916.
IS BELIEVED LOST
lieved dead on the ice from exposure
or scurvy, and the commander-in-chief
is missing. Four of the men have suc
ceeded in returning to Spitzbergen.
Evansville, Ind., April 8. Fear of a
j w despread
epidemic of smallpox
among flood refugees eaus'-d govern
ment representatives to refuse ra'ions
today to all persons who dee lined o
h vaccinated Tav rases of trr..-!!
pox were re ported.
Cairo. Ll April 8. The Ohio rie
registered 04. 7 tee-t today, with a slint
falling tendency. A B'rong e-a?t v.i .i
drove huge waves agair.st the bi lev j
wall on the Ohio, which stoed thn
The 7th regiment, I. N. G., will leave
for Chicago tonight. ; -try feverish, his temperature rising! Two Boys Drown in Reservoir.
The levee is still holding the atpr to ion degrees. After a thorough ex- ; Duuuola, 111., April 8. News wai rc
out at Mound City, 111., and ft is 1 il';v. . ruination, his physicians forbade the 'reived here yesurday of the tragis
ed the worst of the flood there 13 over, 'pontiff even to receive his usual daily ; death of Edward and Henry Hegan,
i reoort on Vatican affairs. Durine the i aged 11 and 1G respectively, who wero
Bank Statement Called.
Washington, D. C, April S The e on-i ished somewhat, but his holiness re
troller of the currency today c.iil d f-.r i mained in bed, his doctors insisting
1 a statement of the eoi.di'ion of :ia-
j tional banks at the close cf bu&ite3
ASKED IN CABINET
First National Conference on
Farm Credits Is Opened To
day in Chicago.
REPRESENTATION IS LARGE
People of United States Heavy Losers
Through Lack of Organization
Chicago, 111., April 8. The first na
tional conference on marketing and
farm credits, which means to seek a
remedy for evils existing in the mar
keting of farm products, and for a
more equitable distribution of them,
opened here today for a three-days'
meeting. Agricultural colleges, schools,
state universities, leaders in agricul-
tural organization, farm journals and
tho agricultural department of the
government are represented at th
conference. One of the main purposes
of the conference is to seek the crea
tion of a bureau of markets in the
United States government with annual
appropriations sufficient for proposed
work and carrying with it a member
of the president's cabinet.
FOIl Fill IT SELI.IXU AGENCY.
Another purpose is the organization
of the fruit growers of the middle
1 west into a selling agency and of ag
ricultural editors to champion the mar
keting plan and to conduct a campaign
of education amejng farmers and con
sumers. President Charles R. Van
His-'e of the university of Wisconsin,
1 in an address, dwelt on the importance
i 01 cooperation as the guiding idea. The
j plan should include cooperation be
1 1 ween the producer and consumer, he
I raid, but not to an extent that we
j would have the same outcry against
1 the farm that we have against the
1 trusts. K. M. Tousley of Minneapolis,
' secretary of the Right Relationship
, leasrue, said :
"Perhaps no one could possibly esti
mate or approximate in figures the
; enormous loss to the people of the
; I'nited States through the lack of or
! ganization and cooperation."
: PIUS IN RELAPSE;
HAS A BAD NIGHT
Rome, April 8. The pope suffered a
tevere relapse last nleht. He was
; forenoon todav his temperature dlmin
i he muHt not rise today. It is reported
j the relapse the pope suffered was due
to an affection of the kidneys.
Suffrage Amendment is
Turned Down Second
Time at Polls.
Republicans Claiming State
Ticket Progressives Fin
ish Third in Race.
Detroit, Mich.. April 8. Klectlon re
turns were far from complete today, but
woman suffrage seemed decisively beat
en. Nearly all counties which voted
adversely last fall reported an Increas
ing negative vote. Detroit voted over
whelmingly in favor of municipal own
ership of street railways. The repub
lican state ticket seemed elected with
the possible exception of supreme jus
tices, for which republicans and dem
ocrats are running close. The pro
gressives captured several municipal
offices throughout the state. The con
stitutional amendments and firemen's
pension all carried easily. Local op
tion showed an even break.
DEMOCRATS CLAIM J I "STICK.
Incomplete returns from half the
state today show 41.5S0 votes against
woman suffrage, and the most enthus
iastic supporters of the movement are
admiting defeat. The vote so far is
largely from the cities, and it. is ex
pected the rural districts will cut down
the majority 10,000 to 20,000. Repub
licans are claiming the state ticket
30,000 to 50.000. Supporters of Judge
Alfred J. Murphy, democratic candi
date for supreme court Justice, say
they will not admit defeat until the
complete vote Is in. The progressive
party will finish third. A practically
complete city count shows Detroit
passed municipal ownership of street
itUwsjsJt.OOO to 9.000.
Winona, Minn., April 8. The wo
men's campaign for representation on
the school board here failed of suc
cess. Mrs. Abbott lacked 13 votes of
be ing elected. The democrats won.
Duluth, Minn., April 8. W. I.
Prince was last night officially de
clared elected Duluth's first mayor un
der the commission form of govern
ment. McEwen, who ran six votes be
hind, will contest.
Washington. D. C, April 8. The
new Chinese republic was successfully
launched today, according to a cable
gram received here from Peking at
the Chinese; legation. The great five
barred flag of China, with red, yellow,
blue, white and black stripes, was
hoisted over the legation building,
Naco, Mexico, April R. Desperate
fighting between Ojeda's federals and
state troops opened this morning. The
scene of battle is less than a mile bel
low Naco, Sonora. Bullets fell on the
American side. Two American sol
diers on the border patrol were
POWER COMPANIES FIGHT
FOR PRICES ON PROPERTY
Washington, D. C, April 8. Electric
power companies at Hault Kte Marie
engaged in a final e:ontest today with
the government before the supreme
court over the value ef property thl
government is condemning at ?Tie St.
Mary's falls for additional locks.
MISSOURI MILLERS PUT
IN A PROTEST ON TARIFF
Kansas City, Mo, April 8. A tele
giam protesting against proposed
changes in the tariff on wheat and
flour was sent to the chairman of the
finance committee of the I'nited
States senate today by the Misseiuri
River Miller club. The re-ipr."al
feature applying to flour would be de
structive to the milling industry In the.
United States, the telegram stated.
- 'drowned In a large reservoir at Bush,
southeast of this city. Bloodhounds
followed a trail to the reservoir where
a boat in which the boys were rowing
had overturned. Both bodies were lat
er found at the bottom of tne pond,