Newspaper Page Text
THE ROCK ISLAND ARGUS. THURSDAY, MAY 15, 1913.
NEGRO HOLDS HE
ISN'T BLACK MAN
Daily United States Weather Map
NICE JOBS FOR POLICE GRAFTERS SENT TO NEW YORK PRISON;
ONE BAKER, SECOND MATTRESSES, THIRD BROOMS, FOURTH SHOES
is, S. Department, of Agriculture.
Editor of New York Age Makes
Appeal for Rights Through
Associated Press. - ,
V V 23.7
- W L Ml Uiv..,
Cbernt1oni tkn ts a. m.. senty-afUi me
ridian tin. !r priur rMnwl to tea ieTeU
IvftA.ttf c'iot'i.uotii Pd pH tbrourti poirta
Cf oj i1 !i pr.jiur Ioothikkh (1oud bui
ptrainarb ilDUof cxjua) lAmpfir&iure; drtwa
cmr for icrc. trfmiint, VP, nd JJi".
O clekr; Q parUr cloudy: cloudy:
(?) Tttn: Q no; g report mlislnj.
Arrows fly witli th wind, rirnt flarw. lowert
Utmpermt'ue rxxt 1- boun; srr:ni1. precipitation
of .0i (Q'-ti or more for past 24 hours; third, maxi
mum wind Telocii'.
Fair tonight and Friday; cooler toniffht with moderate winds.
FORECAST. FOR ROCK ISLAND. OAPENPORT. MOLING, AND VICINITY.
Yesterday's southwestern storm cen
ter has moved from Kansas to Min
nesota and another barometric depres
Blon which has developed over west
ern Canada Is central over northern
Alberta and northern Saskatchewan.
These disturbances have been attend
ed by precipitation on the north Pacific
coast In the northern Rocky mountain j
sections, and from the eastern Rockv
mountain slope and the Missouri and
Mississippi valleys and the lake re-
ri"n to the north Atlantic roast.
Thunderstorms occurred in the Mis -
eouri and upper Mississippi valleys d;id
the lake rrKion. An area of relatively
hish pressure and cooler weather is
central over western Nebraska and
western Kansas, and the barometers
are also about normal on the Pacific
coast. The eastward movement of
Today's Market Quotations
illy Asso iat.tl !h i
Ch'.cigo. lil.. May lo. Cattle 4ff:
str-a'.ly. peeves 7.10fj 9.00; cows and
ht'lf'Ts ?..S5fi 8.0H; others unchanged.
!ft;;s i'"."f'); plow and sn-ady to a
rhade high r. Bulk 8.5OfS.G0; liuht
8 .1"'! K.C2; mixed S.Cu?jS.C2; heavy
SUc-p lt.000; steady; 3.90SC.90.
Icinond for hoes was fair, though
early pricin showed rome tenency to
improve. Speculators and shippers
furnlthed the main B'jpixjrt. Ca'tle
buyers Insisted they bought about all j
V.... .,.l.wl ... .1.. I. ti. I
did nothing; eastern orders light.
The call for sheep and Iambs was
rot active, notwithstanding sellers
quoted stea'Iy. Few tpring lambs are
Chicago Cash Grain.
Wheat No. 2 red, 1045?j 1054 ; No.
3 red, 95-31.00; No. 2 hard. OOVaSM;
No. 3 hard. 894 S 91.
Corn No. 2, 66i56: No. 2
whiu. SOSfrcg;: No. 2 yellow, 5G
r?5G; No. 3, o5''S5C; No. 3 white,
5959'i: No. 3 yellow. 55g56.
OaU No. 2 white, "S'-i: No. 3 white,
30(837; standard. 383SH.
July wheat opened STVitfS";; clos
Corn opened 65V955H: closed
Oats opened 35siS33s8; closed 33
NEW YORK STOCKS.
New York. May 15. Following arr
the quotations on the New York stock
American Sugar Refining 109
I 5 13 feiSJL
Painting and Decorating
W. C. KfUBBE
these conditions will be attended by
fair weather In this vicinity toni;'.it
and Friday, with cooler tonight.
High. Low. Prep.
Atlantic Clt7 72 52 .00
Boston 70 44 .00
Buffalo 54 42 .04
Rock Island 62
' Jacksonville 84
j Kansas City 80
' New Orleans 86
1 New York 70
j. Norfolk 7S
i Pl.ornix 86
; St. Louis 88
! St. Paul 48
Pan Iie;?o 66
San Francisco 58
, Arapriran Tel. & Tel 128
i Atch'S'tn 98
St. Paul lO1
'Illinois Central 11-tVi
Internationa! Harvester 119
New York Central 99
j Northern Pacific 114
j Pennsylvania lK.ig
j People's Gas 103
! Rf-ading 159H
i Roek Island cotimon ' 19
Rock Island preferred S3
j Cnion Pacific 147Tt,
f. P. Steel common
U. S. Steel preferred
LOCAL MARKET CONDITIONS.
May 15. Following are the whole
sale quotations on the local market
Butter, Eggs and Cheese.
Eggs, fresh, doz 18c!
Butter, dairy, lb 25c '
Butter, creamery, lb 29c
Butter, packing stock, lb 18c
Tomatoes, green house, lb.
buncn j 2c
Onions, bunch 2c
Cauliflower, head 1520c
Cucumbers, each 15c, 10c 5c
Lettuce, lb 120
Lettuce, head, lb 25c
New potatoes, Florida, bbl. ...$6.75
New Cabbage, Louisiana, lb 4c
Onions, Texas, Bermuda and Silver
Skin lb 6c, 4c
Old cocks 8c
Perch 4c to 7c
Onr wall paper puts
brightness in yonr home.
Wall paper in rich color
ings and exclusive de
signs. Our wall papers are
decidedly artistic and
bought because their col
oring and designs are rare
and anneal to the artiati
1612 Fourth Ave.
' Wan IJ. 1913.
Washington, D. C. . 62
Yellowstone Park .
Flood. Height. Chng.
St. Paul 14
Red Wing 14
Reeds Landing ... 12
La Crosse 12
Prairie du Chien . 18
Le Claire 10
Rock Island 15
Only slight changes in the Missis
sippi will occur from below Dubuque
J. M. SHERIER, Local Forecaster.
Black bass 11c to 17c
'Halibut, fresh 10c
Pickerel, lb 8c '
Trout, lb 12c!wnen J"ou mention that a Caucausian
I Catfish, lb 15c I is "vnite." Japanese, Indians and
Halibut, lb 10c
Flour Frrt arri I
Straw, bale fci' the white press to capitalize the
Hay. prairie, bale 506(.c , ,.N-.. in , the dall
Hay. prairie, ton 1X8 ; you freouentiy read an artic,e which
Bran, ton $23.00 j S! .ritt cmo.uiri ,,. .
Bran, cwt $1.25 I
Ear Corn, bushel 6065c
;Ooats, load, bushel 38c
'Corn chop, cwt $1.33
J Shorts, ton $24.00
I Shorts, cwt $1.25
j Wheat, bushel 85c
1 Cra lnmn nor trrt 1 1 A rpf A C
On Lesson Is to Be Strangled and
Mastery of the art of Jujutsu requires
a drilling such as uo boxer, fencer.
j runner or rower would need to under-
! take. The mind "must permeate the
i take. The mind "must permeate the
entire body from the bead to the ex- I blacks, mulattoes and all mixed par
40S55c tremlties." and to this end the body entage; for there are millions who are
3 j 3c I must first be brought under absolute various shades of brown; there are
20 ! control. The pupil is inured to the two ! millions w ho are mulattoes and near
i extremes of heat and cold, and the
virtue or perseverance is cultivated by
special exercises for the summer and
special exercises for the winter, says
the author of "The Fighting Spirit of
Japan." For the former the hottest
month of the year. August, and the
hottest time of the day. from 1 p. m..
are chosen, and for the latter, com
mencing Jn January, the pupils start
wrestling at 4 in the morning and keep
it up until 7 or 8.
Two great competitions are held in
the year, and in these historic con
tests "It Is quite a common thing for
400 couples to participate." "Speaking
from long personal experience," says
Mr. Harrison. "I can state that the
'shobu' Is a genuine mental as well as
physical ordeal for the participant In
the case of the more advanced stu
dents, who come on at a later hour,
there is aU the horror of anticipation
to be contended agsrinst As one enters
the building the only sounds to greet
the ear are the dull and sickening
thuds which proclaim successive falls,
the deep breathing and panting of the
j contestants and the staccato tones of
! the umpire as they declare victory or
For the student who wins his bont
and continues his prog-ess until he
passes as a pupil teacher there is an
other test of courage and endurance.
He must be strangled and resuscitated.
The idea at the bottom of this seem
ingly cold blooded procedure is both
to steel the victim's nerves and round
off his experience, as it were, and to
afford the newly promoted members
an opportunity of putting into practice
certain forms of 'kwappo' (the system
of resuscitation), which are demon
strated by an expert teacher before
strangulation takes place."
John D. Rockefeller would go broke
If he should spend his entire income
trying to prepare a better medicine
than Chamberlain's Colic, Cholera
and Diarrhoea Remedy for diarrhoea,
dysentery or bowel complaints. It is
simply impossible, and so says every
one that has used it Sold by all
All the news all the time The
New York City, May 11. 1913.
To the Associated Press, New York
City. Gentlemen: There has bea a
genealogical mixup to the negro popu
lation of the United States, due to
the confusing methods employed by
the United States census bureau In
its classification of the members of
my race. The census bureau, in tak-
! ing the last census, defined as negroes
those who were black. As the major
j ity of my people are not black, in mak
; ing out the census papers submitted
by the enumerators thousands classed
themselves either as mulattoes or of
mixed parentage. Others who were
not black classed themselves as ne
groes. Now as the United States gov
ernment seems to be confused on the
subject what is a negro? the mem
bers of my race also find the question
a complex one.
I respectfully submit this important
matter to the Associated Press be
cause I feel that such a powerful med
ium can help clarify matters if it
will, thereby giving my race in this
country a classification in the concrete
rather than in the abstract one which
will be acceptable to all. This can
be brought about by capitalising the
"N" In negro instead of using the
lower case "N" as is customary.
Some argue that the term "negro" is
used only in the abstract as are the
term "colored," "white" and "black."
But to use the term "negro" as an ad
jective, meaning black, is misleading
in view of the fact that of the 10,000,
000 negroes In this country less than
3,000,000 are black. Black Americans
are. becoming scarcer each year, and
within 100 years it will be difficult to
find a real black negro in this country.
It is not that the members of my race
! are ashamed of being black, far from
Jit: for the color of one's skin does not
i determine character or Intelligence.
In many cases our darkest negroes are
i the most representative. How ever,
we do think that it is wrong to classi
fy millions of people as black who
are net, thus creating a wrong impres
sion. Webster defines the term "negro"
as "an African black." There are
millions of us who are not Africans,
neither are we black: there are mil-
'ions of us who are black but are not
Africans. To merely refer to us as
"colored" means nothing more than
Chinese are "colored." Some of our
race Papers refer to us as "Afro-Amer-
reiusjuB 10 employ xne term
OUllllUlUfj line UllOa i-d CI J
race was represented at the confer-
1. J . f rr i
evening. The Indian. Japanese, Chin
ese and negro were much in evidence."
What a rank injustice to the negro to
use a lower case "n" in this instance.
Some of the leading magazines and
a few daily papers capitalise the "X"
in negro, and I feel certain that if
the influential papers connected with
the Associated Press would do like
wise they would materially aid a strug
gling people in their efforts to advance
1 nnri hpnnmo a r rail it t ii thArv.eAl.-Ac anA
to the nation. Why not refer to the
I term "negro" as a race of people and
jnot with regard to the color of one's
6,cln? Then the term would embrace
j mulattoes, and there are thousands
"u "ic BS ""'w "a any Caucasian.
, To classify these people as black
would be as improper as to classify the
whites as blacks. Green is not red,
nor can you make brown or yellow
black. But In the grouping you can
put the black, mulatto, near mulatto
and near white under one head
negro. As matters now stand, a mul
atto is spoken ot as a "negro", min
ing a black person, which is incon
gruous. The question of a negro's political
rights or any other question regarding
my race over whloh the publishers
connected with the Associated Press
are apt to disagree should not be con
fused with the question I respectfully
submit for your kindly consideration.
In the Latin countries black is black,
white is white, yellow is yellow and
brown Is brown, which to me seems
the proper manner of classification.
Why should not the same method of
classification as to colors obtain In
Along with the matter of capitaliz
ing the "X" in negro I respectfully beg
of you to discontinue the use of the
obnoxious term "negress," which is
vulgar and a disparagement on the
women of my race.
Thanking you for your indulgence,
(Signed) LESTER A. WALTON.
Managing Editor New York Age.
Tou are hereby notified that on
Saturday morning. May the 17th A. D.
1913. at the hour of 10 o'clock a. m..
the premises known as the north fifty
(50) feet of lot five (5). in block thir
teen (13), old town of Stephenson,
now the city of Rock Island. Rock
Island county. Illinois, will be offered
for sale at public auction. to the high
est bidder for cash, the right being
hereby reserved however to reject any
and all bids. Said premises will be
sold at the house upon said premises
known as numbers 217 and 219. Six
teenth street. Premises will be shown
by the undersigned.
J. W. STEWART.
I Safety Building. Rock Island. IllinoU.
fTtr riinran n i w- -y - '' - 1 11 '
Coaricted police inspectors of New
New York, May 15. New Torus
four police inspectors who were
convicted last week on a charge of
conspiracy were Monday given jobs in
the prison on Blackwel'.'s island. They
will be expected to continue doing
the work assigned them until their
terms expire next year.
Police Inspector Sweeney was given
a job as baker, while Hussey is to
T0KI0 FEELS CONFIDENT
OF SQUARE DEAL
(Conttnued from Pase One.
years ago it contained the following
The presence of foreigners ineli
gible to become citizens of the
United States is declared to be
dangerous to the well being of
the state, and the legislature
shall discourage their immigration
by all means within its power.
"Of late vears our nroblem from an
other angle has become acute, and the and their determination as to eligi
agitation has been continuous in the bility to citizenship, we cannot be ac
last decade in reference to our agrl- cused of indulging iu invidious dis-
cultural lands, until finally affirma
tive action in an attempted solution
This attempted solution is found
in the action of our legislature in the
passage of the alien land bill. In the
nhraseoloev of this bill, in those
whom it affects, in its scope, and in its
nnrnnse we helieve we are within our
legal and our moral rights, and that
we are doing only what is imperative
ly demanded for the protection and
preservation of our state. j
TELI.S OBJECTIONS OFFERED. j
"In this enactment we have kept
ever in mind our national good faith j
as shown by existing treaties, and j
our desire and anxiety have been to
act only in such fashion as would com
mend us to our sister states
justify us to our fellow countrymen.
n n riinr inn a vn din r ni i am ri'J wuii ,
first,, upon the treaty obligations of
the nation, and secondly, upon the
assertion that our act is offensive and
discriminatory. The protest to our
measure as your telegram . states,
comes from the representative of Ja
pan. The bill that is before me pro
vides substantially in its first sec
tion that all aliens eligible to citizen
ship under the laws of the United
States may acquire real property in
the same manner as citizens of the
"The second section provides that
all aliens other than those mention
ed an the first section may acquire
real property in the manner and the
extent and for the purposes prescrib
ed by any treaty now existing be
tween the government of the United
States and the nation or country of
which such aliens are citizens or sub
jects, and may, in addition, lease for a
period of three years lands for agri
PRESERVED TREATY RIGHTS."
"Thus we have made existing treat
ies a part of our law and thus have
we preserved every right that any
foreign nation, by international con
tract, has insisted upon preserving
with our national government. .
"The treaty of 1911 with Japan, in
reference to the citizens and subjects
of each country, provides that they
shall have 'liberty to own, or lease,
or occupy houses, manufactories, ware
houses, and shops; to employ agents
of their choice; to lease land for
residential and commercial purposes,
and generally to do anything incident
to or necessary for trade upon the
same terms sb native citisens or sub
jects, submitting themselves to the
laws and regulations there estab
lished.' "We assume that the right of Japan
ese to own real property for the pur
pose described is absolute in our state,
and we seek to deal only with our
agricultural lands. We embody the
treaty In our law and we add to S.
permission to lease our agricultural
land3 for the period of three years.
"NOT OPEN TO ACaATION."
,"Where such extraordinary care
has been exercised to preserve honor
and good faith, in the words of the
contract made by the protesting nation
with our own, and to do more by au
thorising leases of agricultural lands,
It would seem that we ought not to be
open to any accusation of violation
of treaty rights, or desire to intrench
on that which belongs alone to the
! national government or which might
j become a- matter of international
j "By the law adopted we offer no !
j offense, we make no discrimination. ;
The offense and discrimination is con-
I . in I. l ) I 1 . 1. -
iaiucu, ii is iaiuicu, iu uic use oi me
word 'eligible to citizenship, and ia
making a distinction between those
who are eligible to citisecship and
those who are not
"We do not mention the Japanese
York on way to penitentiary (Sher
become a maker of mattresses, Mut
tha a broom manufacturer and Thomp
son a shoemaker.
Sheriff Harburger declares that
these men, who once held important
positions on the police force, will be
treated exactly tts same as other
i felons at the prison. They have been
j shorn of their moustaches, their hair
I has been cropped and they now go
or any particular race.
"The constitution of California in
1879 made its distinction, and there
never has been protest or objection.
SHIFTS OSCS TO NATION.
"The naturalization laws of the
United States, long since, without de
mur from any nation, determined who
were and who were not eligible to
citizenship. If invidious discrimina
tion ever were made in this regard
the United States made it when the
United States declared who were and
who were not eligible to citizenship,
and when we but follow and depend
on the statutes of the United States
"May I venture to call to your at
tention the immigration law now
pending in congress, which passed
j both houses" of the last congress,
j where apparently certain classes, who
! shall be excluded from our country.
are described as 'persons who cannot
i become eligible under existing law s to
become citizens of the United States?'
"At this very moment the national
legislature, without protest or objec
tion indeed, it i3 published in Cali
fornia, by express consent is using
the terms that are claimed in Califor
nia's law to be offensive and discriminatory-
SAME IN THREE STATES.
"At least three states in the union
I have, in the past, enacted law s simi-
'ar lne coniempiaiea law or can-
i lornia, ana me enactments oi mose
states have been without ob-
jection or protest.
"That the protest Is now made In
respect to California but emphasines
the acuteness of the problem confront
ing California, and demonstrates that
California is differently viewed than
other states of the union, and that if
discrimination exists it i3 discrimina
tion against California.
"We insist that justly no offense can
be taken by any nation to this law,
and more particularly does this seem
to us clear in the instance of a nation
like Japan, that by its own law pre
vents acquisition of land by aliens.
"It is most respectfully submitted
that, after all, the question is not
whether any offense has been taken,
I but whether justly it should be taken,
j I voice, I think the sentiment of the
I majority of the legislature of this
state, w hen I say that if it had been
believed that offense could justly be
taken by any nation to the proposed
law, that law would not have been
"We of California believe firmly
that In our legislative dealings with
this alien land question we have vio-1
lated absolutely no treaty righto. j
"We have shown no shadow of j
discrimination ; we have given to no
nation the right to be Justified in tak
RELIES ON JISTICE OF C41SE.
"So believing, with a 8trong reli
ance on the justice and the righteous
ness of our cause, and with due defer
ence and courtesy and with proper
consideration for the feelings and the
views of others we had hoped the
authorities at Washington would have
It is a Moulded, Indestructible Hose for the Lawn,
Greenhouse, Stable and Garage.
Being of continuous length you can get any length
wanted up to 500 feet in one piece thereby avoid
ing leaky couplings whenever long lengths are neces
Revero Garden Hose will not kink or burst at a
sharp angle as does the old style or commonly term
ed "Wrapped Duck Const'uction."
Revero vvill withstand more abuse than any other
make or Ijrand of Garden Hose.
Tber; is nothing more convincing than a trial.
CHANNON & DUFVA
112 SEVENTEENTH ST. ROCK ISLAND, ILL.
-(C) Underwood & UnderxvoorL
iff Harborjer at the extreme right).
about the prison arrayed In the aV
ternately black and gray striped uni
forms of convicts.
In the accompanying photograph In
spector Sweeney is seen at the ex
treme left in the background. The
heavy et man next to him is Inspec
tor Murtha. Next to him is Inspector
Hussey. and the man trying to hide
behind his derby is Inspector Thomp-
seen the question as we in this state
have been forced to see it as we
must see it or be blind.
"And so, with all respect and cour
tesy, the state of California feels it is
its bounden duty to citizens to do
that which the interests of its people
demand, that which the conscience of
its people approves, that which vio
lates no treaty rights, that which pre
sents no discrimination and that
which can give no just cause for of
fense. "You have suggested to me delay,
but this question w-as very earnestly
and fully presented by you to our leg
islature and the legislature determin
ed to proceed. My province is to ap
prove or disapprove the law as pre
sented. KEELS IT ni TY TO SIfiN.
"Our people, as represented In the
legislature, have overwhelmingly ex
pressed their desire for the present
alien land bill.
"The vote in the senate was 35 to 2
and in the assembly, 72 to 3.
"With such unanimity of opinion.
even did I hold other views, I would
feel it my plain duty to sign the bill,
unless some absolutely controlling ne
cessity demanded contrary action.
"Apparently no such controlling ne
"It is with the highest respect for
yourself and the president that I feel
my duty to my state compels me to
approve the action of the legislature.
"Governor of California."
Never hesitate about giving Cham
berlain's Cough Remedy to children.
It contains no opium or other nar
cotics and can be given with Implicit
confidence. As a quick cure for
coughs and . colds to which children
are susceptible, it Is unsurpassed.
Sold by all druggists. (Adv.)
Estate of James Humpaon, deceased.
Th undersigned having tieen ap-
irrinted administratrix of the estate of
James Hampon, lai ef th county of
Rock Island, ftate or iiiinuis. ai'reaseo.
hereby Rive mrtlre that nh" wl'.l ap
pear before tlie probate court f Rork
Island county, ot the probate court
room, in the city of Rock Island, at the
July term, on the tlr.t Monduv In July
next, at which time all persons hnylntr
claim "aKaiiiFt f-ai'l -ntntf are notified
and requested to attend f,-r the pur
ook of haying t!'e e.ime adj'is'ed. All
prmoHH Indebted to said estate ;ire r-
;quetd t make immediate myment to
Dated this 9th dav of May. A. D. 1913.
Schriver & Scliriver. attorneys.
Summer Cottaaes, Tool Houses,
J. C. STEVENS
1810 THIRD AVENUE
Phone Weit 178
See sample at corner of Nine
teenth street and Third avenue.