Newspaper Page Text
THE ROCK ISLAND ARGUS, MONDAY, MAY 19, 1913.
The War Fifty Years Ago
Federal Cavalry Raiders Come to Grief Fruitless End
ing of Colonel Edward Hatch's Ride In Eastern
Mississippi His Column Foiled In an Attempt to
Reach Columbus Disaster to Colonel A. D. Streight'f
Mounted Column In Northern Alabama Streight's
Men on Muleback Are Pursued Through the Moun
tains by General Forrest's Cavalry In Vain They
Turn and Fight Capture of the Entire Band.
By r3?fn CT3. L. KltMHl. Uls U. 5. V. 1
T Palo Alto. Miss, on APri! 51.
Colonel Edward H.itch. Palo
T Palo Alto. Miss, on Apt
f lie Confederates ct
.i Federal raiding column
me cuuse. Tne lowans reached ' Ea
Grange without further molestation
except from straggling parties of citi
zens. When the re en arrived at tbeir
old camp they had but ten rounds of
Alio is a village northwest of Coliim-J cartridges apiece. Half of the trooper
bus. in eastern Mississippi Columbus mounted on mules, tbeir torses
v.a-5 then na Important rniiwnv i.olnt. ' oaring succumbed to the hardships of
b wire alMi Wmt Point and Macon,
on thu Mobile and Ohio in the same re-
their rapid inarch.
Streighfs Alabama Eaid.
.!..!,..! Il-itfli fnmmn- rinrl thn Sw-! "a -P -I. 1?"J. UOIOnei A. U.
.ml i:,w:i fumirv. i.nc r,f three rer-! Streight marched from Moulton. Ala..
I'.ncnts iii C'oioiioi 1$. II. (j rierson's raid
it; oliiinn. which was sweeping south
wiird on the t-uminou ronds along a
mute iiboui twenty miles west of the
r.iilwny. iii t he miming of the Hist
i ;riT.nn ordered Hat to proceed to
West P'lin'. 'olnmtcis nnd Macon and
rentier the railroads there useless to
l ' f mt
on his projected raid through Alabama
and Georgia. Streighfs force wui
composed of bis own regiment, the
Fifty-first Indiana: the Seventy-third '
Indiana. Third Ohio. Eightieth Illinois
and two companies of the First Ten-,
nessee cavalry, about 1.700 men all;
told. The Infantrymen were mounted'
on mules, for the most part young; tin-!
broken nnd very wild. It was expect-;
ed that horses would be secured in the !
raid to replace the mules. These were 1
to be paid for if owned by "loyal" men. j
but nut otherwise. The orders to the!
raiders caine from General W. S. Rose
crnns. They were to fight to the last If
Streihts first long halt was at Day's
gap. in Sand mountain, and when bis
reur guard marched through the pass
it was attacked by General X. B. For
rest's cavalry, led by Forrest and Colo
nel Thilip Roddey.
When the rear was attacked the bead
! of the column had reached the other
j side of the mountain. The line came
to a halt and faced about, with one
flani; resting upon a ravine and the!
I other iijinn a marshy creek. All the1
tSBEJL LA, JLJL knl t. -Jwbw
Now is the time to buy for canning purposes
Weatnraeir Is Co!
nmtiLS)i6id is the
Don' Wait Until
it gets hot.
Ask for it
t) if,, 1 roaus 1,,aa"s 10 trom tne right, left i
jfcs 'tvV' aVi! I ou1 fr"nt w''re guarded and two moun-
i'fy ;a ,oin howitxen placed In the center.
ibs" . C i The Tennessee cavalry, acting us a rear
$'0tofiifA:' "'St ruar(1- was ii"'riicted to fall back be-
v ''-V-"?,f'?S ' r',rP ",ne enemy's advnnce and pass
through the line of battle.
Eittle In the Mountain Pass.
Streight's plan of defense was harily
completed ' when Forrest's advance
guard charged the Tennesseeans. They
retreated and were followed Into the
gap by their pursuers. Soon the Fcd-
upon Forrest's ranks. Two Confederate !
guns opened at once upon Streight's
Copyright l y thf I'afrlot f-jtliiliir.g Com
pai.y. rtu)N!:r. ntnvAiu HATrn. r. n. a.. llai
Lli A 11A1K l. MISEtSSll-pr.
the Coiifcderates. tlriersou. with twoj
rc l:::ei,ts. contintii'd his so'ithwnrd
Afler -urti:ig loo e fvv-i te in:'. in
cni':ii,ii Ilalcli rod.- (Vie.'t:.- toward,
West Point. At the intervening vil-
!::ga of Palo Alto he was attacked from i boiis. were abandoned on the field, to
the rear nnd on liotii flunks by Smith's j gether with forty wounded and nearly
Mississippi cavalry. Inge's battalion ' is many dead troopers. In this affat."
and J'.ruMcau's Tennesseaus. Hatch i Forrest lost soventy-flvo men billed
determine! to make a strong t'sht toiad wounded. Strelght lost twenty-one
lend tlv. enemy Into supposing they
had Inter -e;ited ( liierson's main col
umn. In their first t'.nsh the Confeder
ates cut off one company of the Iowa
The Confederates cn Giard.
I .ai It li-i'l one cannon His men
were nnuvd with revolving mler m-.dj
carbines. His line was well covered i
by fences anil hedges. Facing part of!
the men to the reur. he opened a dead- j
nage be concealed 500 meu and'posted j
his sharpshooters in the pines. For-1
rest cleared the barricade -with a rnshi
and rode on so rapidly that the sharp-1
shooters had little time to ply their
shots. Firing their carbines and pis-1
tols right and left, the Confederate)
troopers dashed for the second line be
yond the field. This charge also car
ried home, and the line gave way.
The raiders were still undaunted and
ready to dispute the road at every
point. Forrest sounded the recall and
allowed bis weary troopers a night's
rest. Streight took advantage of the
lull and stealthily set out for Rome in
the path of the detachment which he
had sent ahead to seize the bridge. At
the river Coosa he found that the citi
zens had run off the ferryboat after his
Morgans Grandson Doesn't Fool Around These Days
Young Junius Spencer Morgan,
mentioned more times in the will of
his late grandfather than any other
member of the family, is giving little
thought to high finance and kindred
topics these days. He is working his
head off trying to make a place on the
Harvard college crew.
eral line arose and poured a rapid fire j advance guard crossed, nnd he was
line, and the leading regiment charged !
vigorously, but whs quickly repulsed.
Forrest's guns were within 300 yards :
of the Federal ceuter. The raidera j
shot down the horses at the Confeder- j
nte guns, nnd these,
In all. He captured many of Forrest's
horses and used them for his own men.
It was nearly midday. Streight ex
pected the next blow upon his front.
After Ksting a guard in the gap he
pushed on to a cross road six miles
from the battlefield. Forrest was mis
led. Massing hit. regiments, he dashed
forward, only to encounter a thin
skirmish line of Federals. Streight
was soon assailed on the flank by
Forrest's advnnce guard. Hiding on. he
ly fire wiih i he gnu aiui rifles, while I selected the next battleground in an
the carbines poured volley after volley other mountain pass. An hour before
compelled to march to another cross
ing, seven miles distant. This delay
and roundabout march gave the pur
suers time to cross the river and get
between the raiders nnd Rome.
Streight and his officers began to
doubt the wisdom of going farther.
with their cais- ( The men were worn out and slept as
they rode. Many of the mules were
footsore, and the soldiers were obliged
to walk, rt was deeded to struggle
on in the direction of Rome and if pos
sible overtake the detachment sent on
ahead, but on the morning of the third
day of this running fight the whole
command sunk under hunger and fa
tigue, and Streight allowed the weary
men to rest. The column was'then near
Cedar Bluffs, on the Coosa, twenty-six
miles from Rome.
Forrpst. after resting his men on the
battlefield at Blount's plantation, had
selected TO0 of the be.-t troopers nnd
hurried on the track of the raiders.
He found them preparing breakfast
itjto the troopers coming up or. the
Hanks The tl-lit rated until the Cu
federntes retreated northward. Hatch
followed up. purposely taking the back
track to prevent the enemy from pur
The chance light at Palo Alto put the
Confederates on thcr guard, nnd Hatch
jrarued that an Alabama regiment lay
bet v eon lilin and the destination as
signed I1I111 by t;ricr-.':i. H therefore
continued his ride northward, harassed
nt every ste; by the (itirens of the
country, who took the Held aru.ed with
rhotcuns and hunting rifles.
Meanwhile the Confederate com
mander in Mississippi. General J. C.
sundown Forrest rode up to within a
hundred yards of Streight's new line.
For three hours the combat continued.
Again Streight drew off his main
column, leaving the pass to lie held by
skirmishers. The captive guns, which
had been taken in the first battle, were
now a useless burden because the am
munition fitting tbem bad ail been
burled back at its original owners.
They were both left behind. Twice
during the retreat Forrest's advance
was ambushed, aud nexj morning
Streight lined up bis column for bat
tle at Blountsville. Forrest failed to
strike, aud the raiders rode across the
Black Warrior river, where the rear
Arrow points to Junius Spencer Morgan.
of the effects of various foods, shelter,
exercise, and all the conditions sur
rounding the fowls.
' Fitting for Market Caponizing, fat
tening, killing, dressing and market
ing the fowls should be well mastered.
Finally, the poultryman should learn
to keep accurate records and accounts.
Right Foundation We do not wish
to intimate that a person can not
"keep hens" if he or she lacks much,
of what has been mentioned as a
proper preparation of the poultryman
for his calling. It is a fact, however,
that a general education, supplement
ed if possible by a higher education,
win help lay the foundation right.
Whatever the previous education or
experience of the prospective pou'.tr?-
man, a special course of instruction in
poultry culture will very effectively
aid him to obtain that essential knowl
edge of this particular business which
he must have in order to succeed in
his chosen calling. Experience will
serve to rivet the facts already learn
ed. After gaining knowledge earnest
work in applying the same will insure
desirable results. Skill will come by
Life Study The poultry student
should determine upon a life course in
poultry study, utilizing as fully as pos
sible the results of the experience Ot
ethers as well as the wisdom gained
in his own practice and continuing
alert to learn any new facts which
will advance his interests as a poultryman.
I POULTRY CULTURE II
Adaption To decide whether one
In their bivouac and iik-kly divided ;nas lce Qualities which, under average
bis force to surround the camp, conditions, will make him success
Streight formed bis line, but some of f hi in the poultry business, ca'.ls for
his men dropped asleep while under i a close examination of the would-be
fire of the Confederate skirmishers. poultryman's Dersonalitv. The first
I the value and profitableness" of his
' r.niiltrw nlqnt 1 1 1 (i iitilirinar thorn ,1 ' i v.
IflSUll. yiUUI. till i Ullll.ill 1 in III, - V.
Both leaders sent out a flag f truce.
essential is a genuine practical liking
Peinberton. bad sent out columns iu , guard engaged the pursuers in a lively
all directions to co e with the raiders. skirmish.
The defense of the northern border. A Girl Guides
There Crlersoti had broken through.
was Intrusted t" General W. 11. j frreigm oesiroyeu me onuge m
rbalmers. But Chalmers' entire force th KIa Warrior and posted sharp
avnilable for the field was but little I shooters to cover the crossing. Forrest
If nnv larger than Hatch's regiment. I "0(le UP- n fflrm irl of region
However. Hie Confederates controlled offered to lead him to a good ford near
the railroads, and the dispatching of by- The impetuous warrior took the
lBfamrv from point to point was coin- welcome guide up on his saddle and
Wrutlvely easy. hurried toward the river, but. coming
' ' V, , under the tire of the Federal sharp-
After, a parley Streight offered to sur-for the fowls and the business. This
render If Forrest would show that he j quality should insure such strong per
had a superior force on the ground. I BOnal interest in all the details ol
This Forrest declined to do. :are an(j management, that things
While the leaders were talking Cap- j naturally go right and anything wrong
tain John Morton moved his four gun; Wii be Quickly detected and corrected.
horse, battery In a circle where Streight
could" see it. The raider told Forrest
he had counted fifteen cannon. "I
reckon that's all that kept up." said
Forrest. Aa Streight still refused to
surrender Forrest ordered bis com
mand to mount.
After consulting with his subordi
nate, however. Streight finally yield
ed because of the damaged condition of
Application Strict attention to
business and close application of mind
and muscle are necessary in order
that the plans may in the first place
be fully thought out and in the sec
ond place faithfully executed in every
detail. The poultryman must, stick to
his business. Patience, perseverance
and persistence are required to en
able the poultryman to wcrk on in
".'wo Confederate infnutry brigades
Ittin-hed to Grenada, one brigade went j
lo t Oiiimnus. on ine rouie ursi uiueu
by Hatch, and Chalmers started for
Oiolonn. hoping to intercept ;rierson
on his return ride Hatch reached
Okolona ahead of Chalmers and at
tacked the place with a rush.
The main Confederate garrison of
shooters, dismounted and asked the
girl to follow and point out the way.
Forrest urged the girl, who was Miss
Emma Sanson, to keep back out of
ranee, but she said. "You maybe
wounded, and it is my purpose to keep
near you." Finally they found the
ford, and while Forrest was examining
it the bullets cut the bushes close at
hand, eveu piercing Misj Sanson's
the town had gone southward toward ! skirts the ample hoopskirts of the war
F.i'.o Alto on receipt of news of the;
riuht thcrp. but by a different road from
hat taken bv Hatch on bis return
Eorthwnrd. The Federals drove out
the Confederate cavalry and local
nop and halted Okolona. They
harned ii large barrrtck. with military
k'.o:vs ar.-l ammunition, and continued
nu toward the Tennessee border.
C'-.r.lmrr had spread bis few Core
federate troopers across the northern
part of the state. Hatch managed to
p-.3s through the lines without discov
ery, but he wua attacked iu the vicin
ity of Ripley by Chalmers' men. Being
!iort of cartridges Hatch slowly re
treated, receiving the enemy wltb the
fire of his two pounder gun.
A rur.ning fight was kept np for sit
lailes, when tha Confederates gave UBt suew totura iia Seii . eind ji
Iorrests delay at the ford gave
Streight time to reach the town of
Gadiden. Ala. The raider hoped to
reach Rome, across the line in Georgia,
and destroy the bridge behind his col
wain so that Forrest would be baffled
tn his pursuit. A detachment of 200
men rode toward Rome, and Streight
disposed the remainder of his force in
ambush upon Blount's plantation. At
that point the road ran half a mile!
through a dense growth of young.
pines, then turned sharply to th right
through an open fieid.
The Last Federal Ambtuli.
Streight barricaded the road at the
bend. This obstruction caused his pur-
Catching tha Eye.
The manager of one of Philadelphia's
largest department stores Is my au
thority for this business maxim:
"You've got to get the peoples eyes
before you can reach their money.
He illustrated his meaning by telling
me of a personal experience In his
own great establishment. A certain
commodity of standard make and fash
ion had piled two counters for some
weeks without moving. The owner of
the store himself was finally attracted
to this dead weight merchandise. At
once he diagnosed the trouble.
Put those goods." ordered he, "upon
a special counter four feet nearer the
aisle than they are now." This was
don, and in less than a day the entire
lot of goods had been sold. "All that
was needed." said my informant, "was
to get the eye of the women. They
didn't hesitate to give us their money."
baustion of bis command. The nun . ... .. . . "
. AM-.it-a ! ments which sometimes occur in this
ber surrendered was 1.4G6. i . ,.
seen conditions or to causes which,
could not be prevented.
Orderliness Methodical ways are
desirable to make eure of the syste
matic development of the poultry
plant management of its business. Ac
curate accounts should beept so that
the poultry man knows how the under
taking pays financially or where it is
Studiousness Studlousness usually
gees with the last mentioned quality
and there is ample opportunity for i's
exercise in planning and systematiz
ing all parts of the business, la searcn-
Ingout causes of loss or injury, in re
ducing the expenses of food and labor,
in securing be'ter returns by attrac
tive advertising and more advan
tageous marketing, in improving the
breeding stock, and in numerous other
ways. The poultryman who is con
stantly and intelligently studying his
problem is usually progressive and
successful. Constant alertness -and
reasonable aggressiveness aid greatly
in pushing pU.ns to success and maln-
! taining the business in a satisfactory
j and prcfitab'e condition.
Common Sense To clinch mattery
the poultryman should possess the
common sense shrewdness of the keen
man of business in financial affairs,
understand the factors of his under-
Enroll now for the summer
term at Brown's Business
College, Rock Island. Phone
taking and how to manage them, see-
1 ing all tha opportunities of increasing
venting all wastes and making the
best di&position cf all by-products.
Faults The poultryman combining
in his makeup a fair proportion of the
above mentioned personal qualities
will not be likely to have the faults of
carelessness, which allows disease to
enter the flock; negligence, which per
mits lice and mites to breed in the
buildings and on the birds; roughness,
which disturbs the fiock unnecessarily
and keens the fowls worried and
flurried and ignorance, which results
in needless mistakes. (
The Test However seriously a per
son may be taken with the so-ca;i
hen fever" if he will stop long enough
to consider all cf the foregoing char
acteristics and how practically and
emphatically they bear upon the suc
cess of the poul'ryman, and will fur
ther submit to a candid self-examination
in these points, he ought to be
able to determine his fitness or unfit
ness for the business.
There is great advantage in a syste
matic and properly directed study ot
poultry keeping even for one who has
had some experience in the business.
A beginner In poultry culture and the
I wise poultryman seek to supplement
this foundation knowledge by con
tinual earnest searching for valuable
facts bearing upon his calling. He
makes it a life study.
The best starter for business life is
a faithful course in the foundation
studies of the common school. If the
poultry man hai the future advan
tages of higher education it should
Biology Some knowledge of the
natural sciences and eepecially of
biology is certainly desirable. The
poultryman deals with living animals.
The more he learns of their origin,
history, classification and develop
ment, or their organs and the func
tions of the tame, of their growth,
their conditions hi health, of the
causes and symptoms of the disorders
and diseases which assail them, and
all that relates to their correct man
agement, the better will be his under
standing cf the fowls which are the
basis cf his business.
If he has gained some knowledge
of surveying, mechanical drawing and
carpentering it will be useful in lo
cating and constructing the poultry
Chemistry A course in chemistry
wlil prepare him for Intelligent study'
ing of jioultry foods and feeding ra
tic ns. v"-
To become a thorough going poultry'
man seme knowledge of the different!
kinds of breeds of fowls is required.
Breeding To properly mate and
breed the birds for either profit or
pleasure calls fcr insight into the
principles of breeding and their appli
cation to poultry culture.
'incubation and Brooding To hatch
and rear the chickens successfully re
quires some know'.edge of natural or
artificial incubation and brooding.
The poultryman should learn all he
can cf principles of heating and ven
tilation. To secure abundant egg or flesh pro
duction requires earnest consideration
cf the underlying principles of nutri
tion and growth and a critical study
A Champion Bore.
"I used to know n .man," says Abe
Peters, "who waa the worst liore I
ever met. He used to stop me when
ever he met nie and start with a line o"
talk, geuerully about himself, and stay
with me for an hour or more. lie was
an absentminded man and had a habit
of catching hold of a button of my
eont and holding on to that while ho
talked. He would hang on to that but
ton and just ramble on and on till I
was nearly readyfor the bughouse.
One. day u happy thought struck me.
I got out my knife quietly and cut the
button off and slipped away. Ho kept
right on tr Iking. An hour later a
friend of mine came along and found
ihe bore still standing there, with the
button between his fingers and. talking
about the year of the big snow in Mich
igan. He hadn't noticed that I Wa
gohe." Topeka Capital.
Decide NOW on
For Your Summer Vacation
Anybody who can afford ANY vaca
tion, can easiest afford a worth-whlls
outing In the COLORADO ROCKIES.
Rnpoijcp The expense of your journey there is slight
PlOduac VERY LOW FARES IN EFFECT AFTER
JUNE 1 FROM ALL POINTS. You can secure excellent
boarding houBe accommodations in Colorado for as little
or as much as you pay at home.
Take your camera, fishing rods, tennis, racquets, golf
clubs to this mlie-above-the-sea playland AND JUST 1
REST AND HAVE A LOT OF FUN.
The only right way to start 'a Colorado vacation U on
the de luxe
Rocky (Mountain Limited
only one night out
via Bock Island Lines '
Von sleep in sumptuous Pullmans, while away the day
light hours in the luxury of a Buffet-Library-Observation
car and reach this sparkling wonderland rested and happy.
Let me give you our illustrated books
oi Colorado and help you plan your
F. H. PLUMMER, Ticket Agent.
Twentieth street, Rock Island,
HAL 6. RAY, Asst. Gen. Pass. Agt,
Des Moines, Iowa.,