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THE ROCK ISLAND ARGUS. SATURDAY, MAY 24,-1913.
The War Fifty Years Ago
TheChanc'Cilorsyiile Campaigni--Gencral Hooker Moves
Two Federal Columns Across the Rappahannock Near
Fredericksburii--Plahhe'd to March Around General
L'eb's Confederates oh the South Banlo--Lee Sends
"Stoh'ewaU" Jackson's Corps to March Around Hook-er---D'cspera'te
Battle---Jacksbn Mortally Wounded.
General John Sedjvick's Federal Corps Drives Iyee's
Troop's Fr'ora Marye's Heights In a Sharp Fight.
Located on 14th Ave. 32d to 34th Sts.
Oy Ciaf!n dO. L. ICtLMER. Late U. 5. V.
the morning rt April 29. 1SC3.
rTj was brought to Cetera!
R. E. Loe in bis Intrenched
'caajp 'on the heights south of
the I&V'pa bannock, f t Fr5erlcksbur.
that the I-VJem'l army was crossing
the river close at lnnd to si ring an at
tack General Joseph Hooker, the j
Federal loader, wanted to get posses-I
Wlon of th heights without fighting a '
bloody l.attle on th?ir slopes nod bad ,
'taLen a roundabout course to ret the '
'Confederates to ribr.cdmj them. In I
Peeemner. tl-.Tjssnus of Federals
lad fallen !n vain at the foot of j
Marye's bill, a height Ootr.lnatir.g the j
jl.irpnnn nror-K crcsMnps c::i me ronas
leading therrfrr.m towrrd Richmond.
Hooker planned to cut Les off from
Ilobnwnl and compel him to abandon
tb heights of Frtdeti' ksburg in order
to save hU army Tre Federal nrmy
'crossed the IJ:'ppnli:mnock by fords
ten to twenty r..'. above Fret'.erlcks
urg. Le prepared t meet the emer
irenry. but didn't lrt g of his hold cn
Fredericksburg. IIol;er had in fact
'net npnrt one corps, the flxth. under
NWi-mMiJy tf & , :ax y V
Copyr'ght by Tatrlot Publishing company.
GENHKAL JOn SEDGWICK. U. S. A- AND GENERAL T. J. ("STONE
WALL") JACKSON, C. S. A, LEADERS OF FLANK ATTACKS.
Fortewiclt. 22.00ft strong, to cross at
Fredericksburg ari l ofer direct attack.
After ciohsiiif hi tnsin army at the
tipper fords Huoker tiimt-d down the
right bank, bugging the river ntid aim
ing to strike Lees left Cank where it
lay In Us intrenchments. There was a
practicable crossing place only six
miles above Fredericksburg. This was
Hanks' ford. .IlouUer scut W small force
frouj thu north sld- to capture the
ford, but the Confederates were In pos
essiou, and notblns ws done. The
control of this ford by the Federals
would have given u short line of con
coction between the marchlnst wing of
Hooker's army end the left wlcg un
der Sedgwick at Fredericksburg.
Hooker'i Exccsive Caution.
, On tho frut of May Hooker was
Inarching along three roads leading to
I-ee's rear. One of them passed- close
to Ranks' ford, aud the ground around
the ford was open and well adartcd for
maneuver ar.d battle No opposition
frcui the Confederates was met with
on the Ranks' ford road, but the center
column under General George Sykes '
encountered tho enemy about two luLes
- . j-
by Ftrlot rubtlrhinc e -"Jriny.
r.t.vEHAr. o. . tTowAKrt, r. s. a., whose i
WAS pr.SriloYV.l BT JACliSON.
beyond Cban'vUorsvill. The Ccnfed j
K-rete who beudfd oft Syk;s were prt
vt the division of General L I Laws i
After u lively Cght hykes fell buck.
, When Hikut beind tl:e guns at the I
jfront be ordT-d three ro!uron whlcli
bad marched on past Chaucc'.lorsvlile
to retire to that point. This left Banks"
ford Li Io" grasp ar.d made th dis
tance betwwn the livlup.l wlugs f
Hooker's amvv twenty mi'.ts Instead of
is. Mr-laws followed up b;s success
cf forcing back the Federals.
General R. H. Anderson's division
was lu the vicinity, a region known as
Tabernacle Cliurea. These divisions
belonged to t!i corps of General Jcrr.
Itiptreet. wtio was absent. Besides
McIjiws' and Anderson's divisions le
fcad available t cope with Fed
ercla the corps of ler.eral T. J. 8:oce--vraU'VJacUon,
In all about 40,000 men.
tjf - ' .v
When night oara on May J Hook
er's rlzht Trine, comnrlsitrr the First.
Second. Third. Fifth. Eleventh and
Twelfth corps, was strung out parallel
with the river, westward from Fred
erieksburg and Lee's camp. His eost
) crly front -was near Tabernacle clfnrch.
! Ms rar near Wilderness chnrch. cbont
six miles west cn the Orange' turnpike, i
This road passed through the opposing j
lines on to Fredericksburg. Sedgwick
bud crossed with 20.000 over the Rap- j
pa bannock, near Fredericksburg, and
I.ee'e army was between two fires
Sedgwick er.st and Hooker west.
Oa the morning of the 21 Jackson,
with three divisions, disappeared from
Tabernacle church and started west
ward across the long front of Hooker's
army. The country between Jackson's
route and Hooker's outposts was pa
trolled by the watchful eyes of Gen
eral Stuart's Virginia troopers In order
that no chance reconnaissance from the
Federal linos should reveal the march.
Hooker hnd sent his own cavalry
owny on a ride along the railroad be
tween Fredericksb'.irr; and Richmond,
bence the eyes of the army were ab
sent. In this lay Jackson's opportu-
nity. f'r had Hooker Interpreted' the
bold Confederate movement rightly
and pushed out a force south or e:!st
be might have crushed whatever at
tempted to stay blm, separated Lee's
columns at Tabernacle church from
Jackson's moving columns and defeat
ed them In detail.
At one point Jacksou's column ran
irfo one of Hooker's outposts, a fight
ensued, and the movement of the Con
federates westward was fairly disclos
ed and reuorted to Hooker. .Tackscn
the turned his column farther south j
to nvoid another collision ana pressed
on, making a march of fifteen miles iu
all and bringing up squarely on nook
cr's right rear at Wilderness Church.
It was 0 o'clock In the afternoon.
May 2 Twenty-four hours had chang
ed the face of things. Hooker and his
K0.0OO Were now beset by enemies on
the east and on the west and. In spite
cf all. were unwarned of the blow
about to fall. The march of the Con
federates westward, as reported from
the s en? of the little Cght on the out
posts, was believed by Hooker to be a
Confederate retreat toward Richmond
Jackson Attacks the Federal Flank.
The right Tank of Hooker's army
was betj by the Lleventh corps. Gen
eral O. O. Howard, and the right of the
Eleventh corns line by the division of
Genral Charles Devens. Jackson struck
Ievens" men tlrst. Devens' pickets lay
half a mile In front of bis main line.
The Confederates, when ready to strike,
stood Id three long llnea of battle
Their lines extended north und south
nearly and overlapped at each end the
breastwor on the west end of Gen
eral Devetts' short line. 'Stonewall'"
sat upon his horse at the head of the
first line, watch In band. A bugle rang
out. the Confederate skirmishers start
ed through the dense undergrowth, and
! for three hours or more thereafter con- i
I ..... , ,
fusion reigned all alone the plank road
from Wilderness church halfway tf
Hooker's eastern front at Taberaacle
A section of Devens" breastwork was
occupied by General Von Gilsa's bri
gade. General Doles' Confederate bri
gade, leading the assault, was oppo
site Von G'.lsa It waa received with a
heavy musketry Cre. besides canister
and shell. General Devens made a
plucky hut useless fisht. Nom-nmhat-acts
and wounded men rusbel bark
I along the line, creating a scare, and
i the Confederates on either aide north
j and south of the brigade (Doles') that
j was brought to a halt by Von Gilsa fell
with udilei,nes upou Howard's Third
division, assailing it in the rear as well
j cs In front, disrupting it and forcing It
j back upon the next d vision.
J When at length Devens did retreat,
j with the intention of rallying on the
j Third division, that body was Involved
In t'ja retrograde, and there was no
soundness anywhere save in the dis
tant rear, where warning had been suf
ficient to enable the troops to prepare
for what was coming. This sound part
was Williams division of the Twelfth,
corps, lying next to the laat division
of the E'eventh corps.
Marre'i Hill Tikea by Storm.
Here was ILwker's reil stronghold.
Te Third, Twelfth, Fifta and Fiat
corps, numbering 50.000 men. lay with
in supporting distr.nee of one another
in a general direction north and south.
Into the very midst of this body Jack
son was plunging at full speed when
darkness and the return blows of Wil
liams' division and other Federal
troops compelled him to pause and re
arrange his columns. While Jackson
was smashing in Hooker's right flank
at Chancellorsvil!?, Ie. with McLaws.
attacked Hooker's left at Tabernacle
church. Hooker was !otween two
fires During the night "Stonewall"
was mortally wounded.
Hooker continued to act with cau
tion lntead of calling np nil the
troops within reach to dispose of .Tack
son's fon-e he sent word to Sedgwick
at Fredericksburg to march up the
plank road to Chancellorsville.
Sedgwick exterdc-d his four divisions
alcTig the 'base of the hill, facing the
fortided front. The divisions of New
ton and H-vwe took the center to s,"a!e
the heights, and Gibbon and Brooks
formed on the right nr.d left flank.
Marye's hill and the adjacent lines
were held that day by Early's Confed
erate divirion of P.OOn nien. Sedgwick
decided upon a direct assault of the
bill and the stone wall which formed a
bloody barrier when Bnrnside stormed
it a few months beforo. It was over in
five minutes, and 1.0C men went down
on the charging line. The defenders
were cut into three parties, and Sedg
wick pushed straight on up the road
leading toward Chancellorsville.
lee Turns on Sedtpvick.
Next mornir?. however. Sedgwick
found that the Confederates had hem
med him in on three sides of a square
and were agalu in possession of
Marye's hill. In his rear. Lee. finding
Hooker indisposed to fight at Chancel
lorsville, sent Anderson and McLaws.
with two divisions, against Sedgwivk..
whom Early's men had per.urd up com
pletely, retaining only "Stonewall"
Jackson's corps on the battlefield.
About sundown on the 4th McLaws
rushed the charge all along the line
Sedgwick had six miles to defend with
the remnant of 20,000 men acainst 25,
000 of the enemy. After dark the lines
were skillfully drawn back step ty step
under cover of anillery.
Meanwhile, at .Chancellorsville. as
the day wore on the Confederates f
Jackson, under the leadership of Stuart,
drove back a brigade of Federals here
and a division there, and in a short
time the two wings of Lee's army were
united .In front oj" Chaucellorsvine.
At l- tlm. In k. I s Wnj
-. - - . - w7
er young woman is a substantial 0'ft
so appropriate and no occasion merits
a token cf approval and encourage -
The croud ciav cf Graduation for a
tov , ,uit' ble :ime foP th ofti
toy cnera a aunaoie lime lor in. g.rt ;
of a watch or a fob or chain or ring.
For a young woman, a diamond ia
meat appreciated, but whatever the
arrount yeu can afford to invect, some
election from our Jewelry atock will
please best and carry the most en-
Expert Optician. -,'EWELER
1702 Second Avenue.
ROCK ISLAND, ILL.
WWII III ....I. II j II
? Ifl ?
Lee's batteries tcok for a target" the
Chancellorsville house where Hooker
atood directing the tattle. ' shell
rw 4 - r vj it'a
. it .. -rjrv rati; .
" j- "
1 v. A
-XT Tfc V
by J'atrlut I-iibl:siiing company.
GEN'KKAL JOSFPn tlOOKHR, T. S. A.. FED'
KIIAI COMUAXDtlt AT CII AN'CELLOKS-
Ktnick n rllidr of the front airainst '
which Hooker was leaning, and the
concussion knocked him down. Before
leading corps to retreat.
But Chancellorsville was not aban
doned without fighting. Federal regi
ments, brigades and batteries disputed
every foot of ground, every thicket and
ravine. Batteries were destroyed and
generals were kil'fd in heroic struggle
to stem the second disaster. But in vain.
On the night of May 4, while Sedg
wick was extricating his nrmy. Hooker
gave directions to his ccrps command
ers to recross the Rappahannock.
A CITY OF CHANGE.
Ephecus, Once on the Seacoast, Is Now
Located Far Inland.
Sir William Ramsay characterizes
Enhesus as the "City of Chansre." AnJn
iruiy n nas seen marvelous cnanges
I and its inhabitants many removals. In
; tDe d.iy9 0f st pauj anj SL Jonn Eph.
1 esus wa8 city of the seacoast; the
, waters of the Aegean lapped its busy
x- i t-i
can scarcely imacine that he is near
lte sea To an appearances he is as
j far awraT as on De of 0r iniand prnl.
rie3 The Cayster during all these ages
na9 brought down mud aud silt from
j tne mount!lili9 DDtil now Ephesus Is
mi:es from tne seashore. Even in St.
j John's time the port was kept open j
only by strenuous effort end constant I
dredging. . I
These changes wrought by nature
i have compelled frequent changes on !
the part of the inhabitants. The orig
inal city was built not far from Ayaso
louk and "the whole Epheslan valley
was an ertn of the sea dotted with
rocky islands and bordered by pictur
esque mountains and wooded promon
tories." we are told. As the sea receded
In the course of the cecturles the pop
ulation moved with it until the Roman
city, the city of St. Paul and St John,
was some, miles from the original site.
At last this port became impossible and
the inhabitants moved farther back,
nearer to The site of the more ancient
city, where today the few inhabitants
that still remaia are found. Christian
A man should be ashamed of himself
when he tel's a fiilsohool to bis wife
and sh- believes it. But he isn't
e seamed; be ii eatourased, New York
Settle That Home Question Now
As There Are But Few Lots Left
There are no poor lots in this addition. Agent will
be at the addition every Saturday and Sunday after
noons to show property and
Quote Low Prices Easy Terms
Take Elm Street or Long View; Gars tothe Addition
C. S. McDaniel,
ADVENTISTS GIVE AID TO
FOREIGN MISSION WORK
Washington, D. C, May 24. Pastor
Allen Moon of Chicago, president of
the Lake Union conference of Seventh
Day Adventists, embracing the states
fbf Michigan, Wisconsin, Illinois and
Indiana, in his report before the world
general conference, of. that denomina
tion, in session here, stated that $256,
5ti2.91 has been given In tithes and of
ferings for foreign mission work by
the churches in his union conference
during the past four years. Several
hundred delegates and friends from
these states, who arrived from Chi
cago on a special train last Thursday,
listened to Pastor Moon's report. With
them were gathered more than three
thousand others,' In attendance at the
meeting, including representatives
from China, Korea, India, Africa, Per
sia, South America, the West Indies,
and many of the other countries (87
in all) which Seventh Day Advcn
tis;s are carrying on their vork. This
is the largest gathering and most rep
resentative the denomination has ever
held. The camp pitched an the grounds
of the Washington Foreign Missionary
1 - 9 tSf J -- VfTJikfc v't-v
TV inn y
simple but If you have given proper care to the detUla and more par'tcu
Iarly to your hair you need not be afraid. Unkept, untidy hair will ruin the effect of a spick ami. span
toilette quicker than anything else.
Will Make Your Hair Beautiful and Increase Your Charm.
Attractive women everywhere depend on HERPICIDE it is reliable it fulfills the expectations. The
cooling, refreshing and invigorating effect of this delightful scalp prophylactic adds to the personal comfort
while the softness and beauty of the hair is being increased. Herpicide causes the dandruff to disappear,
stops the hair from coming out and allays Uk- itching. The s:nse, of perfect tleanllness attending ita use and
and the subtle, exquisite odor of Newbro's Herpicide make it a most delightful hair drcaing and real toilet
You will like Herpicide. Try it.
If you have never used Newbro'e Herpicide, a very pl?asar, not to
is in store for you. Many report results even from the trial bottle that
marvelous, iou csn try it for ten cen's la postage or silver.
The booklet contains much valuable advice about tho care of the hair,
Send for both. SEE COUPON.
Two sixes, 50 cents and $1.00 Sold everywhere on a money back
guarantee plan. Applications at the better barber shops and beauty-parlors.
Young & McCombs Co-Opera tive
seminary has ia It more than 600
Pastor Moon in his report stated
that the work of the denomination in
his union conference is making steady
progress. He said in part:
"The tithe receipts have steadily in
creased throughout our union. The
total sum sent to the general confer
ence treasury during the period since
the last general conference, in tithes
and offerings for mission purposes, ia
$25t.5CJ.!)l, besides $18,500.95 to the
sustentation fund. Also during the
first two years of the Quadrennial per
iod the churches of our union contrib-
uated several thousand dollars toward
the support of tho work among the
colored people, and to the religious
liberty p.nd other funds. There has
been a gradual increase in the receipts
from the sale cf our literature in the
union. During the four years this has
amounted to $224,405.61.
"The schools of the Lake union have
been fairly prosperous; the enrollment
the past year at Emmanuel Missionary
college, Berrien Springs. Mich., has
been 226; in our academies and inter
mediate schools, 555, and in the church
schools, 1.150, making a total enroll
ment of 1,031.
"Our sanitariums, three in number,
In the Spring
pect it. "Iyjoking your best" does net necessarily moan
wearing your most elaborate frock. Your dress may be
A Sample Eottle and Booklet for 10
have all enjoyed an excellent degreo
tf patronage each year and the an
nual reports of the same reveal the
fact that success nas attended the
work of physicians in these institutions
and many people are rejoicing in the
blessing of health restored as the re
sult of their labors and many more
have received material
Almost the Speed Limit.
"No mau Is a coward to himself."
said tho war veteran oracularly.
"At Chattanoogn one of the men in
thy company loft early lu xthe action,
and no one saw him till after the bat
tle, when he appeared iu camp uu
wounded and unabashed. Some of the
boys accused him of running away, but
he wouldn't admit it.
"I only retreated In good order,' bo
"I heard of the matter, and a few
i days later I asked him If he had any
Idea how fast he had 'retreated.'
" 'Well. I'll tell you, cap'n.' he said,
if I'd been nt home and goin' after
the doctor folks that see ma passln'
woulil have thought my xufe wtis right
xlckl' ''Youth's Companion.
All the news all the time The Argus.
a Young Man's Fancy
to Thoughts of Love"
OUNG LADY, when you hie forth in the moonlit even,
ing hours to keep your tryst with that young man
you will want to be looking your best he will ex
say surprising experience Xfe'tV
are litUe short of yv--V
." . E)
Xp , ' B