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THE ROCK ISLAND ARGUS. TUESDAY. MAY 27, W1?.
Published can? at JC! Second -Rock
Xn&nt 111. (Entered at tha
lotofflc aa cond-claa matter.)
Hitil Kmktr C the
BY THB J. W. POTTER CO.
TERiia Ten ncU per week, by car
rier, la Sock Island.
Conplatnta of delivery service should
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authority a tba premises.
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character, political or religious, must
have real nare attacked for publica
tion. Xo curb articles will ba printed
trer flctltloss slg-iAturea.
Telephones in all departments: Cen
tral Union. West l5. H4S and 1143.
Tuesday, May 27, 1913.
Andrew Carnegie says the United
States has 22,000,000 men capable fitting drunk, but "not infrequently."
handling arms. They would be apt to
do it, too, if the country called.
There have been many severe acci
dents due to platforms with support
too weak for the crowds invited. Ca
lamities of this kind are far from
Andrew Carnegie would give his
millions to be young again. And youth
would take his years to get his money.
Money never has discovered to the
discontented old Ponce de Leon's foun
tain and youth never did appreciate
Fifty years later finds the union
and the confederate soldiers march
ing together. Brave men all, sturdy
foemen in war, sincere friends in
peace, equal citizens of the greatest
of countries, they are as high a type
of veterans as the world has ever
President Gary of the steel trust is
a bit of a wit. At the annual meeting
of the organization he begged the mem
bers to be perfectly assured as t,o the
Immediate future because 'President
Wilson had said that "honesty has
nothing to fear from the democratic
President Wilson's appeal to the
American people to -watch the lobby
which, in behalf of tie protected inter
ests. Is operating vigorously in Wash
ington to defea the tariff bill in the
senate, should not fall on deaf ears. It
Is not a new experience these lobby
ists but it is a new experience to
have a watchman for the people in
the White house.
It is announced that owing to tBe
multiplicity of other important legisla
tion, the present congress will be un
able to do anything In the matter of
minimizing flood damage. Another
year and there will probably be no ser
ious flood and the whole question will
be forgotten. Just as people rebuild
houses on the sides of Mt. Vesuvius as
coon the lava cools attr a disas
ter. Warsaw Bulletin (republican) : Hon.
Clyde H. Tavenner. representative in
congrets from this district, delivered '
his maiden speech in congress on May
C, the house having under considera
tion what is known as the Underwood
tariff bill. Mr. Tavenner devoted his
remarks to the Income tax feature of
- the measure and made a very credita
ble presentment of his views on the
ONE AVAILABLE liHIBE.
Punished in the courts, overwhelm
ed at the polls and steam-rollered in
the house of representatives, the pro
tected trusts and combines- are mak
ing their last s'and, as usual. In the
United States senate. So comments'
the New York World.
There Is a nominal democratic ma
jority cf also In that body, all pledged
to tariff reductioa. There are several
ostentatious progref slves, all noisily
committed against privilege and plun
der. Yet the trusts and combines
have hopes and they even ben'n to
name the men cn whose prospective
perfidy their expectations are bssed.
While the lobby is attempting to
convince these gentlemen that treach- i
ery to pecple and party is going to be
profitable. The World would admonish
them that whatever their reward
may be. it is certain to be acquired
the expense of popular condemnation.
The trusts und combines may not have
"put over" their last United States
senator or opened their last "jaik-pot,"
but with direct primaries and elec
tions their triumphs hereafter are to
Emphatically will this prove true in
democratic and progressive 6tates.
Straight republicans may honorably
serve the interests favored by extor
tionate tariffs, for they prcie au
economic creed which Justifies the
system. But the democrat or pro
gressive who Joins them betrays a
trust and convicts himself out cf his
In most of the states at present rep
resented by democrats and progres
sives, what chance would a Gorman, a
Brice cr a Smith have of reelection by
popular voe? What chance do the
enatora now "honored" by the sus
picion of their fellow citixens expect
that they wl'.l have at the polls even
If they can gain a renominatton? Most
cf those who burked tariff reform la
the pas: were repudiated under the
eld aystem. We have seen very re
cently what happened to James Sm?.h,
Jr., in New Jersey under the new.
Sugar as sugar cannot carry
Louisiana. Wool as wool cannot carry j
Montana. Lumber as lumber cannot!
carry Wisconsin. If we are to hav J
treachery in the senate this year, letj
no traitor imagine that his rich ana
powerful friends will be able to re
munerate him with further political
Thanks to the seventeenth amend
ment, that is one bribe which la no
longer in their hands.
KOOSfcVELT AND HIS LIBfcLi
The spectacle cf a man who has
twice been president cf the United
States and who has been honored as
have few men in the world's history,
coming out from New York with acoterie
of intimate friends into Michigan and
seeking to recover $10,000 from a
weekly paper which, in the heat of a
political campaign, said unbecoming
things, is edifying to say the least.
Regardless of what may be the out
come of the fuit, it is difficult to con
ceive of what satisfaction a man who
has held the dignified position that
Roosevelt has, can gain by hearing
such evidence as may be produced
reflecting upon his personal habits
brought out in court. On the con
trary, it is a lamentable spectacle.
The Marquette editor has upon his
shoulders the burden of proof, as he
int only accused Colonel Roosevelt of
While it Is not commendable
to accuse any man cf being a drunk
ard, the colonel has, on the other hand,
reserved to himself the peculiar privi
lege of saying very uncomplimentary
things of whomsoever may have d's
agrred with him.
Indications are that politics will un
avoidably cut some figure in the dis
position of the case from the jury
side, and from the court side it may
be based largely on technical con
struction. In the light of these facts the
trial will determine little so far as
public impression is concerned. It
may not vindicate Roosevelt on the
cne hand nor convict him on the oth
er. As t,o the effect of any evidence that
is admitted, the public will be left to
draw its own conclusions.
SELECTION OK FEDERAL
The constitution of Arizona is differ
ent in one respect from the constitu
tion of every ether state in the union
in a provision for an advisory vote on
federal judges. The federal constitu
tion lodges the appointive power in the
president wit,h the concurrence of the
senate. It would therefore be, neces
sary to amend the federal constitution
to provide different method of selec
It! has been the custom for years in
numerable for presidents to appoint as
federal judges men recommended by
the state's delegation in congress. Cor
porations naming the latter, they have
done the bidding of the corporations in
their recommendations. When this has
not actually been the case, they have
at least recommended men not objec
tionable to the railroads. While there
have bf en exceptions to this procedure.
it has been so generally the custom as
to give it all the force of rule. And
the results of it are garnered in the
very general criticism of the federal,
district and circuit benches as being
out of sympathy "with the people and
attuutd to sympathy witjh the corpora
tions. Arizona went as far as it could to
wards getting on the bench men ac
ceptable to the people. There being a
vacancy on the federal bench there
now. Senator Ashurst, has called Pres
ident Wilson's attention to the consti
tutional provision and suggested that
the president can encourage its use.
Dcubtless he will act on the sugges
tion in line with the spirit of the Ari
zona constitution, because he will be
mere solicitous to know whom the vot
ers of the state want for tjie federal
bench than to know whom the poli
ticians and the corporations want.
NTG0VERN VETOES A BILL
FOR SECOND REFERENDUM
Madison, Wis., May 27. Governor
McGovern vetoed a bill ordering a ref
erendum in 1914 on the question of
extending the ballot to Wisconsin wo
men. The governor objects to the bill
on the ground that suffrage having
been defeated by a majority of 92.000
in Wisconsin last November, another
referendum on the subject so soon
would be unwise and result in a more
Postmaster General Albert S. Bur
leson is heartily in favor of one cent
Jer'pr nrHtn?o Pla ci nnnnnnpcrl him.
atj,,f tQ a del(IgatIoil repre8eaUng the
National One Cent Letter Postage
association which waited "! him in
Washington a few days ago.
"1 am heartiij iu favor of cne ?ent
letter postage,'' dccltrcd Poftiuar.ter
General Burleson, who weut on to ex
plain that he hoped to bring It about
ji.rt a sc.-"i as revenue o the de
department could be a-Jjusted.
The postmaster general told the
advocates of one cent letter postage ( ed the battle for one cent letter post
that he had long believed that their I age, while Representative Bartlett has
cor..ei:uon was ngnt. He states,
nowever, tnat as neaa cr the depart -
ment it was his business to see that
sufficient revenue was raised to meet
all expenses and while he admitted
that there wti a big surplus received
from first class mall taca year he
added that it would be necessary to
make such an adjustment of rates as
w-ould put the department oa a busi
Postmaster Geseral Burleson is
strongly in favor of putting the postal
department on an efficient basis. He
also favors adequate, compensation
fcr postal employees, and such a re
adjustment of rates aa will permit the
operation of the department In a
business like mender.
It Is the purpose of the present post 1
The Genial Cynic
B7 CHARLES GRANT MILLER,
CONTENT ALWAYS FOR
A New Yorker, celebrated for his many millions,
declares that the rich are not as well off as the poor,
who have not such heavy responsibilities to worry over.
And every poor man believes exactly the opposite.
To the man without money hi3 responsibilities ap
pear heavy Indeed, while thought of wealth is.like a
dream of glory.
Is it a deep question? No, not even skin deep.
The commonplace fact is ttiat nearly every one or
us is more or les3. dissatisfied with his lot, and jealous
ly thinks the other fellow has the best qf it.
In youth we long for maturity, and ia maturity we
yearn for the happy days of childhood. . Whatever is be
yond reach seems somehow to be just the thing needed
to complete happiness.
Every fat woman wants to get thin. Every thin
woman longs to get fat. There is no particular reason
for it except that they are just built that way.
You have uoi.ced the donkey leave his own grass to hang his head over
the fence, with drooping ears and drooling mouth, and look longingly upon
the next fiejd where the grass, though precisely like his own, seems ever
so much sweeter? .
Well, the extra sweetness is all in the fence.
And not all donkeys drooling over the fence stand on four legs.
BY CLYDE H. TAVENNER.
CONGRESSMAN FROM THE FOUR
(Special Correspondence of The Argus
Washington, D. C, May 25. Prob
ably the last grand army man who will
ever occupy the position of commis
sioner of pensions
; has just taken the
oath of office. He
is Gaylord M.
SalUgaber of Van-
WTect, Ohio, a
of the type of gal
lant soldier and
later public spirit
ed and patriotic
citizen which the
civil war produced
in such abundance.
When I say that
Salt jgaber is to be
the last of this line
of great men I
think I speak with-
! in reason. Mr.
CLYDE K In tha ii n in n cprv.
TAVENNER jce at a very early
age. He is one of the youngest of the ,
"comrades alive today. Ana yet, when i
he finishes his present term, he will
be 72 years old. It hardly seems pos
sible that the next administration will
be able to find one among a company
of men all older than 72 years who
will have he physical strength to per
form the duties of this responsible
It is a pathetic thought, but one
appropriate at this. Memorial day sea
6on. For 50 years it has been the chief
ambition of many a veteran, who wore
the blue to occupy this important post.
Most of these must now understand
that they must go to their graves w ith
their ambition unrealised. When Saltz
gaber quits he must pass the office
on to a civilian, probably the son of a
veteran, who w ill dispense the gov
ernment ministrations to the fast
thinning ranks of the grand army.
The veterans are dying now much
faster than their comrades fell before
confederate bullets from '61 to '65.
But Gaylord M. Saltzgaber is still
in his rugged manhood. To look at
home one would predict that he is
good for many more years of active
life. Physically vigorous and mentally
alert, he will prove to be one of our
greatest commissioners of pensions, I
thoroughly believe. He has a thick,
compact body that has known scarcely
a day's illness in 6S years. And this
body is surmounted by a fine, big
round head. His hair is white, hi3
mustache cropped and grizzled. The
flesh of his face is firm and almost
unwrinkled. His fine gray eyes,
agleam .with keen intelligence, be
speak - the man's bodily and mental
I had a talk with Mr. Saltzjaber
shortly after he was appointed by
President Wilson, and I was much
impressed by him. Woodrow Wilson
is fortunate in being able to secure
a man of his ability for the pension
office administration to establish civil
service rules throughout the depart
ment, applying eventually even to
first class postmasters.
Senator Thecdore E. Burton from
Ohio, and Representative Charles L.
Bartlett from Georgia, have reintro
duced cne cent letter postage bills in
the senate and house of representa
tives. These bills call for the in
auguration of one cent letter postage
by July 1 of this year.
Senator Burtcn has lens champion
favored the cheaper rate for
A strong advocate for the lower :
rate has appeared in the person of J
Hon. James J. Britt of Aehevlile. N.I
! C. Mr. Britt recently retired from the
pcclticn cf third assistant postmaster
general. Upon being asked for his
opinion of one cent letter postage, he
expressed It In no uncertain tone.
"I am heartily in favor," declared
Mr. Britt, "cf the immediate Ved'ac
tica cf letter postage from two cents
an ounce to one ceat per ounce for
"It will pspmote general Intelli
gence, and will improve the social re
laticns of the pecple;
"It will advance the business Inter-
i P i
1 4 -4
THE OTHER FELLOW.
commissionership. After he had told
me something of his career, I ask J J
Mr. Saltzgaber to relate some of his
"I haven't done much fighting since
'65," he. said laughingly. "Some of
the 'boys like to talk over the old
days canstantly, but I have had too
busy a life, and consequently I have
forgotten many of the details of my
experience." But when I got him
started, he related many thrilling ad
ventures of the war. Some time I
will relate some of these adventures
In my letters.' ,
Mr. Salt'gaber was the youngest of
six brothers whem his patriotic par
ents sent out with the union army.
Four , of them, including the new com
missioner, were wounded; but all re
turned alive at the end of the' war.
The preliminaries of the war made a
powerful impression on the youthful
mind of young Gaylord. The fall cf
Fort Sumter burned into his soul.
There was the call for volunteers.
Gaylord disappeared from home. The
next day his mother received a letter
from him saying that he "had enlisted
in the Third Ohio cavalry. This was
in September of 1861. . Young Salts-
c-flhpr hnrl rp1hratrt Vila 1 th Hlrth.
day the preceding Marchj but ne wa8
bi fo n, aep hfi M , . h
big for his age, he could ride a hors
and the recruiting officer accepted hira.
The mother was nearly crushed by
the occurrence. But she bravely did
the best thing she could do, she sent
three of Gaylord's older brothers,
Samuel, Thoma3 and William, to en
list in the same regiment and com
pany, if possible, to look after her
baby. The two other brothers had al
ready enlisted in other regiments, and
this left the parents, alone.
All through the war the boys watch
ed out for each other, and all came
back to the rejoicing parents in Ohio.
At th end of three years Gaylora
had had enough of war, and planned to
be mustered out at the end of his en
listment. But at Pulaski, Tenn., Cap
tain Culver of his regiment made a
speech urging the soldiers to reen
11st to help preserve the anion; and
Gaylord Saltzgaber, then only 18 years
old, but a veteran soldier, gave up his
dreams of home and signed to fight
until the end of the war. He was
mustered out with his- regiment in
Among the battles and campaigns
in which Commissioner Saltngaber en
gaged were Shiloh, Corinth, Perry-
ville, Stone river, Chickamauga, ending
w-ijh Oeneral Wilson's campaign in
lower Alabama and Georgia
Returning from the front, Mr. Saltz
gaber took up blacksmlthing , as a
trade. He then attended a business
rnllrffA Dnrinkl....,.!. xr -r J
returned to Ohio to be a teacher. He
studied law and became one of the
best known attorneys of the Buckeye
state. His long and useful career in
western Ohio brought him forward po
litically. Though he never sought of
fice, he was elected mayor of Van-
Wert at the age of 23, and for four
years he served in the Ohio senata.
A dozen years ago he was the choice
of hi3 party for United StatC3 sena
tor, but was defeated.
jests cf the country, by lowering the
! cost of communication;
"The rate cf cne cent an ounce for
letters, with the increase of mail
matter which the reductioa will in
duce, will defray the cost of ht-iiing
"But few public questions are of
such vast concern to the great body
of the American people, and I earn
estly hope it' may receive the early
and serious attention of the conei-ess."
STATE GRAND ARMY HEAD
AT SEVENTY TAKES WIFE011 dont ear:i noney enough to live
Springfield, 111., May 27. James H.
Crowder, recently elected grand com
mander of the Illinois
urana Army or the Republic, at it 3
annual encampment at Alton, married
Miss Ammie Williams of Springfield
township yesterday. Theceremony was
performed by Judge J. B. Weaver.
iIr- Crowder, who is a resident of
I etiiany, is 70 years old, and his bride
is several years his Junior. The cr n.
pie were friends a quarter cf a cen
tury ago. They met at the state en
campment at Alton and agreed to meet
in this city and be married. Com
mander Crowder wore his G." A. R.
uniform and medal3 won for braveiy
in the civil war when he appeared at
the court house and applied for the
Great ia the art of beginning, but
greater the art of ending. iA-ngfel
Cease to lament for
not help. Shakespeare.
that thou canst
What If thp thumb you pounded hurts
Does frettin? help to stop the painful
Eut yesterday an old friend used you
Yet is the matter mended by your sob
bing? The maiden whom you loved has run
With one already married to another;
But will your grieving or your wild dis
may Restore her Innocent to you, oh, broth,
The fortune which you hoped might come
Has all been lost In foolish speculation.
But it will not, because you make ado.
Return to set you five from deprivation.
The eye you lost by Jumping ere you
Will not return, however you regret It;
Why fret about- the worthless stock
The mcney's gone, you may as well
What if your bank account is over
drawn? Cend word that you did not intend to
Ahi so that trouhle wifl at once be gone
It can't be helped and so there's noth
ing to it.
ASIDE FROM THE EXCEPTIONS.
All men are poets, but only those
who get their stuff printed are looked
upon with contempt by the others.
A man who truly loves his wife
doesn't care much whether the trous
ers he wears to work bag at the knees
Tho only ingenuity that Is ever dis
played by some men is in dodging
creditors cn the way to tho saloon or
the cigar store. .
It does no good to quote an adage
to a cross dog.
When a girl marries a fellow who
whipped somebody else to get her, sha
should at once learn the art of reduc
ing blackened eyes with raw beef
steak. GETTING THERE.
"I hear that
your son is having
success in litera
"Yes. If things
keep going as well
for him as they
are going now he
expects scon to have earned as much
with his npn as ho snent tor stamps
before ho had anytning accepted.'
airs, xoungiove jn, near: outu i
life! Before we get married George
was tagging arcund after 'me all the
time. I couldn't get away from him
for a minute. That was three months
Her Dearest Friend Poor child!
Wliat ha3 the wretch done?
Mr3. Younglove He said last night
that he thought we'd move next spring
to some place w here he can have a den
so as to get by himself once in a while.
Another Combination Against Genius.
'T am willing," said the poet, "to
starve in a garret if I may become fa
mous." "Ah, yes," 6lghed his wife, "but how
are you going to do that as long aa
anywhere except in a flat?"
All in the Family.
i He rises early and is gone
Before she ouits her bed:
She works at fancy things while he"
Toils for their daily bread.
She wears a sealskin coat for which
Three hundred plunks were paid;
He wears an overcoat that cost
Nine dollars ready-made.
Didn't Make a (jit.
Young Mr. Sissy itu iu pretty cons-
u( j b-.i, .-limine, now din my song.
"Home Again From a Foreign Shore."
seem to Impress the company? Pret
ty Cous;n-Weil, some of them. Char
ley, looked :i if they were sorry that
; yon ever came back.-Loadun T'eie
The Daily Story
THE TWO SCHOOLS BY KATHLEEN J.JM' CURDY.
m Ccpynsnteo. 131J. y AejaociMod Utersry Bureau.
When' the season comes round in !
which the Mays and the girl speak!
their graduating pieces to admiring
met. biuvi au t, v i .u .uh ,
audnces-tbeir parents aud relatives ,
furnish the adiuiration-tbe boys dress-
ed in their Sunday clothes, the. girls
in simple white. I c-nnot refrain from
thinking back to those days when ail
i this wns of so great momeut to uie.
Even as schoolgirls we were looking
forward t a time when we should be
the mot tiers sending our children to
school and listening to tuem orate on
graduating day. And some of or girls
had sweethearts long before we reach-
ed the high school. But there is a
long step between a high school and
a grammar school graduation and a
still longer one between a high school
and a college commencement.
My beau ideal at school was Fred
Sumner. If I could win a little atten
tion from him I was happy. If he
frowned upon me I was like "sweet
Alice" in the song of 'Ben Bolf-l
trembled. He was the son of wealthy
parents and one of the leaders in the
social features of our school life. Hap
py was the girl who received, an invi
tation to one of the children's parties
at his father's home. I was thus hon
ored, though I was not quite up to
Fred Sumner's set, aud I appreciated
There was another boy in the school
who lived near me and who was of a
very different type. Johnny Ryerson.
Johnny's mother was a widow and in
straitened HrcTitnstanees. She really
couldn't afford to keep Johnny at
school, but she did. though as soon as
he was old enough to work she needed
what he could earn. Johnny studTed
very hard. He was obliged to study
hard, because he did not learn readily.
But what Johnny learned be learned
thoroughly. In this he was uulke my
idol. Fred Sumner, who lenrned so
easily that he seldom paid much at
tention to bis studies till just before
examination, when he would do all his
studying at once.
When" Fred went away to college I
was considered his best girl. He
would leave me alone once in awhile
to go after some other, but Invariably
came back to me.' What it was that
held hira to me I don't know. I was
certainly nothing of a belle, and the
social standing of my family was noth
ing like-his. Nevertheless there must
have been something in me to .attract
blm. for he certainly gave me the
preference, and before he was grad
uated he told me "his story."
When we all got through the high
school the question came up as to go
ing to college. Girls were not so used
to getting a college education then as
now. and I. not having the means to
carry me through without working my
own way. concluded not to take a uni
versity course. Fred Sumner went to
one of the large colleges, where he
soon became prominent He was elect
ed a member of one of the most select
fraternities and was altogether an. all
around desirable fellow.
Johnny Ryerson's mother made up
her mind that her son should have a
college education, and she bent her
energies to that end. Q college
was but a few miles from where we
lived, and Johnny could go there and
sleep and cut at home. At lea.t
that's what be did. though bow no
body could fiud out. Johnny didn't get
into any of the fraternities and. in
fact, took a back seat all through his
college course. How could be be promi
nent when ho never had any money
to subscribe for the different affairs
nf his class or his college that must he
paid for by subscription? Besides, be
was working at something all the
while. Duriug the winter months he
worked at odd jobs, though he was
obliged to confine himself to such as
he could do at certain times, for not
being smart he was obliged to study
And even then be took rather a low
stand in his class.
While John was In college I. was liv- j
ing At home, and when be had time he'
used to crime to see me, for we hud !
been brought up in the same town andj
had always known each other. I knew
very well what his mother wns doing
ror him. bow sue pinched ana saved.,
and worked to get money to help herj
boy to got an education. j
Somehow I took it Into my head that;
I was an object of more than especial j
Interest to John, it did not trouble me j
-no woman is troubled at a superfluity
of lovers but I felt sorry that 1 could
not reciprocate. John was not my
Ideal at all. That ideal was Fred Sum
ner. No two men could bave been
more different. Sumner's clothes were
cut In the height of fashion, and bis
manners were delightful, especially 1 Sumner an Irrevocable refusal,
with women, toward whom he wasj John Ryerson from that time grad
charmingly deferential. John Ryerson j unlly became more and more to roe.
net only wore hi bat on all occasions,! I finally married blm. and It seems to
but It was very shabby. Moreover, he j me that while I got nothing abowy 1
bad no fraternity badge to pin on his did get all that Is really best in n man.
waistcoat. In other words, he was nut i Nor is It the showv attributes thnr
considered of enough importance to be
elected a member of a fraternity.
And yet there was something about
John that I liked. 1 suppose it wns hisj
integrity. The world, especially the so
cial world, takes no account of Intejr-'
rlty. Thiw who are on top are there
because they are there, and so long a I
they Uave the wherewithal to stay
mere mey can cio so. ir tbey disap
point society by doing souiethinj; to
cause their fall society .simply walks
over their carcasses and goca on, but
does not profit by the matter. That its
something with which society bas noth
ing to do. Society, exists iu college us!
everywhere else. There U the tame I
soc ial climbing in a university as t!ier
! i ou upper Fifth nvenne, New York.!
Cousideriiisr all this. 1 toul.ln'r h..tr.
feeling sorry for John that be must
continually take a back seat.
My two admirers graduated within a
few days of each other. I attended the
commencement exercises at both col-
lexrea. The commencement at Sumner'a
university wns held first. He invited
ne wrwtally. and I wa under hi mm
wh,,e ? 'as He hud n .pjMrint.
ujent tQ s k t oommencement. but
did ninjseir of it. , found
tuat he naJ liecome one of those who
affect to despise learning: This class
of students bus largely i tic-reused of
lute. They go to .college more as girls
go to a finishing school, assuming that
a university is a small world with all
the struggles, triumphs, failures and
other features of the world they are
about to enter, and it Is well to have
some tniiiliu:; fur the larger field be
fore entering it.
"What do men in a law case care
about oratory? Tbey want evidence."
said Fred to me when 1 was arguing
the case with him. Since 1 could not
refute him 1 held my tongne.
Having gone to see Fred Sumner
graduate. I was obliged to be content
with seeing him elected a member of
the Crenie de In Creme. the tiptop of
all the fraternities. He said himself
that he would rather have that elec
tion than fake the valedictory. He
stood well in bis class, he said, and
that was all ho cared for. These ideas
were new to me, but since J knew
uothing about college life I could form
no opinion of my own. though 1 admit
it struck me that if social prominence
ise desideratum I could not see but
that Sumuer was right. He had kept
In the leading class of students aud
was altogether desirable. A valedic
tory or a salutatory would not likely
have Improved his status.
After a pleasant visit, a delightful
evening at a graduating dance at which
Fred filled my card with the most
promient men of his class, including
a multimillionaire, who seemed more
desirable than any of the honor men,
1 left for home. Fred begged me to give
hira a reply to his suit before parting,
and I would bave made it then and in
the affirmative, but I believed he would
appreciate it more from having to wait
for it. So, In order to let him feel that
he had a rival. I said that I would
defer my answer till after the com
mencement at Q college. This had
the effect I desired. 1'ra sure.
The exercises at our home college,
comprising not more than 400 stu
dents, was very different from the one
1 had Just attended. I went to see
John's mother as soon as I reached
home, and she told me that her son bad
insisted upon her coming to the college
to hear him speak at commencement
She had so pinched her wardrobe that
she was obliged to tell bim that she
had nothing fit to wear. John had re
plied that. If she had nothing but a
dress of gunny bags, still she must
come. She did not wish to go. for her
son wohld surely be ashamed of her
attired in an old alpaca she had had
for fifteen years and a hat that had
been out of fashion for a still longer
period. But John had put his foot
down, and she dare not refuse.
At the exercises I took n seat direct
ly behind the old lady, being curious
to see bow she would act while John
was speaking. When it came his turn
to deliver his oration I was struck
with a certain practical simplicity
there was about it. His subject was.
"Why Do We Go to College?" It seem
ed to me that there was far more
depth to what he said than to
what Sumner had said to me on the
same subject. The principal point he
made was: "We must prepare to do
our best In the world by doing our
best In college. A college career will
not In Itself give us success, but it
gives us butter weapons with wbich te
When John had finished his oration
he did something that won me to blm
far more forcibly than anything be
had said. On receiving his diploma ba
marched down the ceuter aisle in full
view of every one present to whero
his mother sat in her barbarous cos
tume and laid the sheepskin in her lap.
j Then, putting his arms arouud her
neck, he kissed her. ..
Most of those present knew the story
the act told a story of pinch and
save, a story of devotion from a moth
er to a son and its final reward. It
was followed by a clapping of hands,
through which John walked back to
his place looking rts tbongh he re-
alid the applause solely due to the
heroine, his old mother tn her alpaca
divss and out of date bat.
i considered that J. as well as both
my suitors was upon the threshold of
tne sreat world, and It behooved me
to choose between the two schools
j they represented. My whole being
was suddenly turned to that represent
ed by John Ryerson. At any rate, it
filled me witii a sudden antipathy to
the other. The same evenimr after my
return from the commencement exer
cises at Q college I wrote Fred
count In the long run. My husband
has been able to give me and our chil
dren nil the comforts we need, and
whenever he is spoken of by his fel-
low citizens it is.
"There's a man to
May 27 in American.
WW General Henry Dearborn, with a
force of 4.000 'Americans, stormed
and captured Fort George. Cana
da. The British garrisou lost near
ly 1.000 in kiiibd. wounded and pris
oners. S10-Jnlia Ward Howe. poet, lecturer
' and philanthropist, born; died 1910.
lS63-Federal assault on the fortified
I llDes of The Confederate army at
! Port n,jCson f;:i;,id Tbe MaM'
' "J,c" ''f A
i M0vSouthera Ihiuois and eastern
Misri0urt tted by a tornado.