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THE ROCK ISLAND ARGUS. FRIDAY. JULY 18, 1913:
The War Fifty
A Desperate Twilight Assault on a Confederate Cita
del Guarding Charleston Harbor Federals Bombard
Fort Wagner Then a Column Headed by Negro
Troops Storms the Work Confederates on the Para
pet Pour Shots Into the Faces of the Assailants.
Federals Force Their Way Into a Bastion Hand to
Hand Struggle A Remnant Surrenders Lee's
Army From Gettysburg Escapes Across the Potomac.
tr Ctot. GEORGE I KILMER. Late U. 9. V.
TnC third week in July fifty
yenrs u?o was one of constant
ptriiKgle for the mastery of
; Buttery or Fort Wagner, one of
the best laid defenses of Charleston
harbor, test to Fort Sumter. The Con
federate outposts had been driven in by
a sudden dash of Federals, who landed
to the number of ",.0i on the southern
end of Morris island from rowhoats.
'. The expedition was commanded by
General George C. Strong. whrv bri
gade romposd it. He had on.rs to
carry the southern end of the island by
storin. On tin; following day the line
was pushed up to the ditch and para
pets of Wagner. But the Confederate
tire was so deadly that a line of battle
t"Uld not IHe through it. and Strong
' f;ve orders to the brave vanguard to
1 Siren t.
Eight Hundred Feet of Parapet.
Aj'inst assault from the south Wag
lier presented n aruied front SiiO feet
long and extending across the Island.
But the approach was only about
ToliMftrro nnd Strung copyright by
THE DEI I nm:
V. I! TAI.I I
OK i:.T i'l'.KV U
V Jf A t
C. STl:,. t S A. LEADER OF THE FEDERAL ASSAULT.
HELOW-l'ol.uNEL RORERT G. SHAW. V. S A.. COMMANDER OF
COLORED TEOOl'S WHO HEADED THE STORMING COLUMN
eighty fi-ct wide, bemuse the son hail
worn away the beacb mi both sides.
In rainy weather or when tin; tide was
high even tln strip w:is swept by w:i
t r uih at best was oniy a pathway of
hh.flini; s:iiid. N"t only 1M En' gun
of V;ii;uer r;de this uppioacll. b'tt
those of Fort Sumter. on ami a half
mill's distant, could be effective when
the target wan charging lines of troops.
After SI rung's assault I'.attery Wag
ner was made a dosed work by extend
ing its p:irn;iet to rover spares w in. h
had been left 'ien. Meanwhile the
Federals prepared to rope on even foot-
ing with its heavy guns. Forty-one ; back, captured their guns and maga
Picres ef a-tillerv were put In positiau j zincs and stood triumphant upon the
on an oMbp'.e line : iuss the island at
distances ranging from l.oOO to l.ytK)
yard (nun l!n target.
The fire of the.e Federal batteries
could be supported by the guns of the
navy, wlii. Ii entered the main channel
to the harbor and stood off the cast
front of the work at effective rmge
The combined lire from the land and
naval batteries Meiucd to silence tiie
guns of Wagner after n few hours" ac
tiou on the aflruoon of July 13.
A TwiliLt Assault.
P.olleving that Wagner wa effectu
ally silenced, General t). A. Gillniore
ordered an assault at dusk. The col
umn was commanded by General Tru
' man Seymour, n imrvtvor of Major An
derson's garrison in tbe first siee of
Fort Suiter Strongs brigade was
given the .t bunor. with the bri
gade of Gei.rr::! II. s. Putnam in snn-
lH.it. The Incir ,.f nihtfill was rh..
hen In the hope that the troops would
escape the lire wlildj inlu-lit be paired
upon them In open daylight.
When the Federal bombardment
ceased and the smoke lifted the Con
federate parrio:i gathered along the
raiupnrts. Already the Federals could
lie seen debouching r.nd advnnciinj
over t tii? narrow approach Then a
miunner vtorui oruv, blackening the
skic and mal.ing the scene a weird
one. After Strong's line had been
formed 8o:;ie time was .st In pettiug
to the forefront the Fifty-fourth Mas
sachusetts regiment of negroes. They
had been tailed from a distance to
Lend the charge.
This scene was described by an eye
witness as follows:
"Conspicuous in the van. on came
Iowa Crops Damaged. j fan Dirpo, Cal. J. Elmer Venc'l. i
Clinton, Iowa. July IS. A fall ofjvani. d in I.os Angeles for robbery of
more than "0 degrees ir: temperature ; C. J. B. Carson, a Jeweler, formerly of
from the high mark of Wdnetdcy o-- Ne-w Pccifcrd. Mass.. was arrested;
cartoned numerous rain ar.d hail; Yato. The police say he has confess-1
ftorms last night. There was heavy ' od the- rettery of Carson. A message
damnpe to cropa ia tl-.is vicinity. j from Los Angeles Eaid Vcccil came to
the misguided and unfortunate Colonel ; to usi0(jce the assailants. One of the
Robert G. Shaw, his long hair waving j cracij companies of the Charleston bat
behind him as he led his sable enfants nunn ii v,v Contain W. II. Rvan. re-
perdus. A portion followed him over j
me aitcn ana piantea ttieir nag on ice : arT turned, for the assailants became
ramparts, where the colonel was shot j tne assailed, and they held a fort with
and instantly killed. j jn a f0rt Ityan rushed upon them,
"Some of the frightened creatures ' ut was instantly killed, and his men
ran like deer. Others in base paralysis recoiled.
of terror prostrated themselves on the j
ground, crawling along on hands and t The Last Stand Useless,
feet. Then a daring deed, which the j The historian of the Forty-eighth
old northmen would have called a Sevr York was in at the finish, which
deed of derring do, was performed by j he described as follows:
men of the Caucasian race. Across j "The ground within that salient was
that narrow stretch before the fort, J piled with dead and dying; the wound
every inch of which was swept by the j ed cried for help; our numbers had
hurricane of fire, a besom of destruc-' been greatly reduced by the fire and
tion, the Sixth Connecticut and Forty-!
eighth New York charged with such j
undaunted resolution upon the south
east salient that they succeeded in the
very face of hell, one may say, in cap
Inside tne Bastion.
The Sixth Connecticut and the Forty
eighth New York belonged to Strong's
Ht - vicw of Reviews company.
r.Hlto. c. S A.. COMMANDER OK j
AONK!!. AND fiUXKIiAh j KORG K
brigade. It was S o'clo k and f .illy
dark wheu the assailants to the num
ber of TOO or Nin entered the bastion.
Tins was fifteen minutes after Shaw
was killed mi the walls. One of the
7'Ki. Private A. .1. Palmer of the Forty
clirii'h. said that when the column
reached the ditch the parapets were
alive with Confederates, who fired mus
kets nnd ram on "straight In our faces."
yelling w ith every volley and discharge.
Many fell, but the survivors climbed
the tlrst ban!; step by step with swords
drawn aud bayonets hsed. Without
firing a shot they drove the garrison
parapet of the strongest bastion of the
Strong was mortally wounded. Some ,
of his wounded men made their way
back and carried messages to General t
Seymour to send aid to hold the bas- j
lion. Seymour ordered Putnam's bri- j
gade forward In the darkness this ,
column assaulted the very point al
ready held by Strong s men.
Reserves to the Front.
Led by the Seventh New Hampshire,
Putnam's column moved out In excel
lent order at first, but the enemy's
idiots mowed gaps in the ranks of the
Seventh. Closing up as well as possi
ble, the line reached the ditch, a trench
... ... "'77
wide by ten feet deep, tor nearly its
whole length the ditch was waist deep
with water. Its side was strewn with
the dead and wounded of Strong's col-1
uiii i) and enfiladed by cannon fire.
Colonel Putnam entered the bastion
and ordered a charge upon a gun which
kwept the wall where the assailants
were holding on. On one side of the
approach to the gun a black pit yawned
w-ben the cannon flash lit up the scene.
On the other side the passage, was
blocked by a crowd of Strong's men.
some lyiriK wounded. While trying to i
n nil a way out of the dilemma Putnam
was stretched dead on the parapet by a
shell from the guu he sought to silence.
The Tight Within the Fort.
The Confederate Commandjint of
Wagner. General W. B. Taliaferro, de- i Eee's rear guard. Nearly half the
scribed the Federal tharge in glowing troopers were cut down, but one of
terms of appreciation of the valor dis- then shot and mortally wounded Gen
played. Said he: "Th Confederates, eral J- J Pettigrew. a survivor of
with the tenacity of bulldogs and fierce
lemur.? aroused almost to madness, -m
1 VUICU KllTLU ' ' 1 - ;
s-jres sheets X)t Came and a tempest of
lead and iron, yet the intrepid assail
ants rushed like the waves of the sea
by whose shores they fought. They i
fell by hundreds, but they pushed on. :
reeling under the frightful blasts that
almost blew them to pieces, up to the
For the Federals who had gained ac- ,
cess to the bastion there was little i
chance to escape alive. It was certain i
death to attempt to pass the line of '
concentrated fire which swept the face !
of the work, and they did not attempt (
it but would not surrender. In shear J
despair a few kept up a constant tire
opon the main body of the fort.
At last, after three hours of the
terrible work. General Taliaferro called
for volunteers from among the garrison
6p0n(ied. The tables had now singu-
the retirement, one at a time, of those
who thought the attempt to hold on
was folly. There still remained 140
men, mainly of the SLxth Connecticut
and Forty-eighth New York, although
there was hardly a regiment which
participated in the assault some of
whose men did not join that stalwart
company who defended the bastion to
Finally about midnight the Confed
erates by a sudden rush from front,
flunk a and rear overwhelmed them.
The historian quoted estimated at
700 or 800 the men who forced their
way into the bastion, that 400 or 500
fell there, that UK) or 200 succeeded in
escaping back to their own lines after
they became convinced of the folly of
holding on. Ho stated that 14') of those
who persisted in holding what they had
taken at such terrible cost were after
three or four hours of desperate fight
ing actually overpowered before they
The Scene of Carnage.
The narrative before quoted from a
Confederate eyewitness corroborates
the Federal writer. It says: "The his
tory of war. rife with terrible cnntlicts.
can show no more trrrltk- strife than
this. Wearily the dark hours passed.
and Sabbath morning dawned over the I
sand hills, and every detail of the scene j
was brought out in bold relief. Men
lay in every possible attitude, with J
every conceivable expression on their :
countenances, their limbs bent in tin-j
natural shanes bv a fall of thirty feet. I
"In tho srili.nt iin tlw r;i mi i.m rts. thi'v '
lay heaped up. often three deep.
spi'-uous aiming tliom was a tall, su
j perbly formed man. an olliccr. whose
' calm features, only the more clearly
; cut by the chisel of death, gazed to-j
I ward tne nouuirss suy-a nreanness;
1 Apollo. This was Colonel Putnam of i
tne seventh .New Hampshire.
"Al'.lioug!:. torniile to relate, tne en-,
tire bai-U of his head had been blown Dut JO llow ooi down upon it as the
off. the wonderful beauty of the face j vast c.i1:ism Gf the canyon. Thrice the
remained unshadowed, evoking from volcanic forces of nature, operating on
his foes a sigh of pity. On the crest.! either side, violently and with tretneu
surrounded by a few-a very few-of j d0U3 power, forced this plateau up
his sable troops, at the foot of the flag! ward, and finally in one cyclopie, tre-
! he vainly bad planteo. w as the body or I
j Colonel Shaw. One would have
! thought at a cursory glance that it j
I was the body of a mere boy." I
! The Forty-eighth New York carried
into the light 31(1 officers ami men. Its
death roll was S3, wounded 112. prison-!
ers in the bastiou 73. The loss in the
Sixth Connecticut was 15 killed, 77
wounded and 4 captured. The Sev
enth New Hampshire mustered 4Si) of
ficers and men that afternoon and lost I
in the attack 213. Out of 18 officers
present 11 were killed: also 77 men.
Shaw's colored regiment lost ISO out of
1.000 borne on the rolls.
Other Events of the Week.
Beginning of anti-draft riots in New
York aud Boston July 13. In New
York buildings were fired. Federal
soldiers and negroes mobbed and tele
graph wires cut by rioters.
Every day that General R. E. Lee
marched his army from the field of his
stunning reverse at Gettysburg toward
the Totomac lessened the chances of
disaster to his battered ranks in case
the Federals should attack the retreat
ing column. His soldiers regained con
fidence every mile they measured on
the road home.
Lee marched day and night to avoid
pursuit, whiie his opponent. General
George G. Meade, delayed moving until
the Confederates had reached Hagers
! town. Md., within a day's march of the
Totomac. When the Federals started
! It wns hv a route almost twice as lone
as that taken by the retreating enemy.
So when the flooded Potomac held up
Lee's crossing to the Virginia shore he
had six days iu which to choose and
fortify a position to protect his army
Although Meade's army was up on
July 11. he delayed attack until the
14th. when it was too late. Lee had
abandoned his line on the Maryland
bank during the night, and by 8 a. m.
the entire army was safe on Virginia
soil. The escape was not without
bloodshed, however, for two companies
of the Sixth Michigan cavalry dashed
I w"h drawn sabers into the works held
Los Anceies from Camp Point, 111., last
October, and that, his father, now dead,
was a former sheriff of Adams county,
AH tiis sews all the t!ae The
Silk hats and caps
50c to $2.50
SIMON & LAXDAUER
Corner Second and Harris"
the great outpouring of fine
Summer Clothes continues
At this season S. & L. limit knows no bounds. We've taken
several hundred fancy suits, the balance of our spring and
Trousers reduced for quick
J5. 85 and $6.50 trousers now
$3 trousers now
$4.50 trousers now
$3.30 and $4 trousers now
$3.00 trousers now
BIRTH OF THE GRAND CANYON.
Nature's Mighty Forces That Wrecked
thu Crust of the Earth.
"How do you explain it?" inquired
one on meeting Sir .lohn Murray, the
Knli.sh geologist and presi-
dent of Uie Royal Geographical so-
clety. ivferi ing to the Grand Cauyon
of the Colorado. This was briefly the
answer, though not in his words:
"On either side of the wide plain ex-
tc,n(iilli; fro,,, sixt.v to a hundred miles
t0 , ,.j.Mlt .llld , ft of the canyon
evidences of severe volcanic action are
risn,!,. In the renter was a nlateail
nieiulous upheaval the plateau parted,
and the Grand canyon, the wonder and
mystery of the world, was born.
"Imagine a loaf of dough rising si-
lently under the continuous pressure
of the yeast until finally the crust Is
broken and the loaf divided into two.
Then look at this broken crust of
mother earth. In the early days a
vast area embracing a great portion of
the interior of the American continent
was covered With water. It was a
great sea. All over the canyon fossil
oyster shells proved this contention.
The Grand canyon opened; the waters
of the inland sea rushed through in a
tearing flood and carved the fantastic
forms you now see."
The questioner further inquired of
Sir John, "No doubt this was all very
remote, in the early ages of the
Oh. no.- said Sir John. "Modern,
quite modern not more than twenty
or thirty million years ago!" Leslie's
TRUE HORSE MARINES.
They Helped Bolivar Out When
Was In Need of a Fleet.
The llanero of South America lives
on horstback, trades, buys and sells
on horseback, and during the war with
Spain the Uaneros contributed much
toward achieving the independence of
both Venezuela and New Granada. In
"Up the Orinoco and Down the Mag
dalena" Mr. n. J. Mozans tells of an
occasion when it was necessary for
Bolivar's army to cross the Apure in
order to engage Morillo. But Bolivar
had no boats, and the Apure at this 1
point was wide and deep.
The Spanish fiotilla was guarding
the river at the point opposite to the
patriot forces. Bolivar was in de
spair. Turning to Paez. he said. "I
would give the world to have the Span
ish flotilla; without it I can never cross
"It 6hall be yours in an hour," said
Selecting 300 of his llanero lancers,
all distinguished for strength and
bravery, he said, pointing to the gun
boats: "We must have these fiecheras
or die. Let those follow who please."
At once spurring his horse, be dashed
into the river and swam toward the
flotilla. The Uaneros followed him
witb their lances In their bands, now
encouraging their horses by swim
ming beside them and patting their
necks, now shouting to scare away the
crocodiles, of which there were hun
dreds in the river. At last they reach
ed the other side and sprang from
i neaded by their leader. To the aston
You can always do better at ths
summer stock, and
three lots for quick
$15 and $18
$20, $22.50 and
Men who know the character of the clothes displayed here
are taking advantage of this sale there's an unusual var
iety to choose from, not many of one kind but many kinds,
in all sizes and proportions.
ILbery straw hat in the store, Panamas excepted,
at half price. Panamas reduced one-fcurth.
i-i.mor.f r.r every one who beheld It,
they actually captured the entire flo
tilla. The Old, Old Problem.
New times, new problems. Behold
bow even the old world Is smitten i
with modernity and Its horrors as re
vealed iu "Servantgalism: or. What's
to Become of the Missuses?"
Servant Gal Oh. if you please,
ma'am, there was one other thing I
should like to 'ave settled.
Lady Yes t
! oni Where do you go to the seaside
i in the summer? Because I couldn't go
to a dull place or where the hair
wasn't very bracing.
For the enchanting picture that il
lustrates this consult Punch, volume
24, 1S33. New York Tribune.
FIRE TRAPS EMPLOYES IN
GOTHAM BUILDING; SAVED
New York, July 18. Two young
men and a girl, trapped on the sixth
floor of a burning loft building occu
pied by a skirt button manufactory,
stood helpless amid flames until their
clothing took fire. They were ablaze
when firemen took them down an 85
foot ladder. The three were badly
burned and with three others were
taken to a hospital. Most of the em
ployes had not reported for work when
the blaze broke out.
COOK COUNTY BANKRUPT,
SAYS BOARD PRESIDENT
Chicago, 111., July 18. "Cook county,
Chicago, is bankrupt. If it were in a
private corporation it would be in the
hands of a receiver." Making this
statement today, President McCor
mick of the county board explained
the county is 12,317,000 in debt. There
are no assets in sight to cover the de
ficit PUNISH A POLICE CAPTAIN
Said to Have Advanced Money to
Davenport Girl, Agnes Anderson.
New York, July 18. Police Captain
John Dulfer was suspended yesterday
pending trial on charges in connexion
with the alleged spiriting away of
Agnes Anderson, w ho accused the cap
tain's son, Arthur, of stealing her
purse. It is alleged that Captain Dul
fer furnished and paid over to Miss
Anderson's employer tiie money used
by her to flee from the jurisdiction oi
the court to avoid testifying against
young Dulfer. She confessed, it is
said, that soon after she got the
money ehe went to the home of her
brother in Davenport. She was
brought back by Detective Roddy and
appeared against Dulfer. Dulfer is
now out on ball for the grand jury.
District Attorney Cropsley speedily
pushed the case which resulted in the
suspension yesterday of the elder Dul
fer. Miss Anderson is said to have
made a full confession and that hi3
taken with other facts will result in
the expulsion of Captain Dulfer and
his son's indictment.
Iliinors War Veteran Dies.
Galesburg,. 111., July 18. Captain
Charles Hutterwork, 71. of Company
K., 104th regiment, volunteers of Il
linois, died today from heart failure.
He served three years in the civil
war and led a company in Sherman's
march to the sea. He lived at Henne
$1.50 to $10
placed them into
$30, $32.50 and $35
Every boy's and child's wash suit in
the store reducsd at least one-fourth.
$3.30 suits now S2.K3
$2.95 suits $2.22
$2.30 suits Sl.SS
$1.95 suits $1.47
$1.50 suits $1.13
When we pay S. S. S. cures chronic Catarrh we do not mean that it mere
ly checks the symptoms for a tine. Some local applications will do that
by simply cleansing and soothing the irritated mucous membranes. But
all the while the cause which produces Catarrh is kit in the system, and
as soon as the local treatment is leftoff, the trouble returns with all its an
noying S3niptoms. S. S. S. cures Catarrh by cleansing the blood of all
impure catarrhal matter and at the same time building up the system by
its uncqualed tonic effects. It goes into the circulation and attacks the
disease at its root, and removes every trace of impurity that is causing
the trouble. Under the purifying effects of S. S. S., the inQamed mem
branes are healed by rich, pure blood which is carried to these parts, the
offensive discharge from the nose ceases and severe headaches and neural
pic pains are no longer felt. In fact every symptom of Catarrh disappears,
the stomach is toned up and the disease is thoroughly cured. Thousands
of chronic cases of Catarrh of the most stubborn character have been com
pletely cured by the use of S. S. S. The inflammation which produces
chronic Catarrh can never be permanently relieved until the cause has beea
removed from the blood. This S. S. S. will do, and then nature hastens the
return of perfect health. Book on Catarrh, and any medical advice free to
THE 5W1FT SPECIFIC CO., ATLANTA, CA.
formerly located at 2 22 West Seventeenth street,
has removed to new and larger quarters at
219 East Seventeenth St.
(Just across the street.)
STERLING CLOTHING CO.
H. RUBEN, Prop.
A Summer Trip to the Pacific
Coast and Rocky Mountains
You will be interested in our folder describing various summer
tours to the Pacific Coast country, taking in a var'et,y of won
derful and interesting places, such as Colorado, California, Puget
Sound, Yosemite Valky, Yellowstone, and filacier National
Parks. Will you allow me to send you a complimentary copy
of this booklet? It contains many maps and a great variety of
illustrations as well as degcriptivo text matter.
It i. rry htmnpss to hlp in mnklrc; pi.-sns f',r Siraimfr trir uch
as this, anrt ff you will ail"w ni- to h trrcit rlt-a.1 u tne annoy
ance of preparation au bo take.! off your iiaii'i.
T ian tf-!l vou pi! vou mav want to knov.- h.i'"it x.i'Yi a trip. x
plair. about the Hp':cial Excursion Iiii- tiie B'ir!lnKt'n ha art"p.
t-'l thi.' yi iir. mg.!?"- your : cing li'-rtiic deliver j '"ir ti kftj,
look aft'-r your ueenK'-. and !e t r-;i! ns to yon. Kindly aslt
for a cc-y of our free booklet railed 1'acilic Coast Tours.
r I 11 l
1 omorrow win De
a gala dayin our
shirts on sale at
50c silk hose 35c
50 dozen Delpark
oOe tub ties, only se
lect patterns, to sell
75c silk hose 58c
$2 soft s o i s e 1 1 e
shirts with turn
back cuffs and sep
arate collar on sale
35c lisle nose 29c
A special sale of 50c ar
ticles for 35e, 3 for $1,
$3 and $3.50 silk
shirts with separ
ate collars, $2.89
25c tub tics 17c, 3 for 50c.
25c black and tan lisle hose, 17c,
3 for 30c
MIS3 D. ODEX, Parstngcr agent.
F. A. RIDDELU Ticket aek.
Phone West 630.
- A In
i . It