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IXHS ROCK ISLAND ARGUS. FRIT) AY. AUGUST 15, 1918.
The War fifty Years Ago
Movements Affecting the Defense of Richmond Gen
eral R. . Lee Compelled to Defend the Rappahan
nock Line Farreachinf Federal Plans General U.
S. Grant Proposes to Attack Mobile Rumor That He
Would Take Command In Virginia General G. G.
Meade's Army South of the Rappahannock With Rich
mond For Its Goal General W. S. Rosecrans Marches
His Army From Tennessee to Georgia.
By Capt.CEOP.CE L. KILMER, tit U. S. V.
LTriOL'OII the eurly flays of Au-
gust fifty yearn ago were nota
bly free from .stirring war
events, war offices and army
bfadqtinrters were bugy with plana and
counter plan and measures to put
tlifiu Into etfet. in Virginia General
It. E. I,ee adviteated tbe retreat of his
army from .tbe Itajpabannoel line,
where it und halted after tbe Gertys
burg repulse, to James rirer. Hs
thought that the line of tbe James was
the true dcft-nse of Kicbmund.
Lee's pltn did not bare tbe approva,
ef his superiors, President Davis f
by RYlw of Reviews company.
CtBNCItAL UOBEIIT E. I.Elt. C. S. A., COM'
klAXliCllOr TUK ARM V OF NOHTHKKX VIH-
to ik1 holding on alone tbe Rappaban
liic'k und Its tributary, the liapldnu.
In rhiit rejrlon the array bad on two
asions trlven the Federals a stun
l i, defeat, and us often hud tbe Fed
eral leudc.rx leen outgeneraled, owing
t the superior udvnntuges which tbe
peculiar topography gnre to the Con
frt'erntes. Bprame of the dixngree
nu'tit between the executive und the
general, possibly, and mnybe for other
reasons the latter tendered his resigna
tion. General Iee was fifty-seven years
old. I Hiring the Gettysburg mnroh be
Inn! lnen u great sufferer physically.
Southern authorities have given vari
ous reasons why Lee could not be
spared ot the time. He wns not spar
ed, and he Immediately set to work
with renewed enorgy to circumvent the
Federal Designs on Richmond.
While I.ee was in Pennsylvania in
July with the mala force upon which
the safety of Richmond ultimately de
pended, the Federals made a series of
movements against it President Da
vis wrote to Lee In the field that be
was enxlotu a boot tbe safety of the
A column of 1S.0O0 men led by Gen
eral John A. Dlx moved from Fortress
Monroe up the York river to a Und
ine on tbe Pnmtiukey only a day's
march from Richmond. Operating
from that point, the troops cut the
communications between Lee in Penn
sylvania and Richmond, destroying
tracks and bridge on two rnUrondx.
snd getting full control of the region
from tbe Pamunkey to the Rappahan
nock. In one of these expeditions tbe
cavalry captured General W. II. F.
I.ee. son of Genersl R. K. Lee. This
e.fflocr subsequently became a bo'stsge
for a noted Federal prisoner, who bud
teen threatened with punishment for
alleged sets concerning negro slaves.
General Neal Dow, the temperance
New Means of Defense.
Quirk rail communication south and
southeast made it possible to call to
Richmond several small brigades on
Short notice. Tbe ranks of the local
home guard were recruited, batteries
were erected on tfco lower James riv
er and severe I new Ironclad ships were
bnllt to keep tbe Federnl navy nt a
distance. Owing to the tortuous course
of the James, the Confederates were
able to sweep the channel for a long
distance with heavy guns concealed
by bushes elong shore.
The Federals bad but one Ironclad
cn the Jinics when it wns decided
early in August to reoonnolter the rir
er as far toward Richmond as possible
Genersl John G. Foster, who had
been transferred from North Carolina
to General Dix's command represented
the army, to tiike observations. Led
by the monitor. gangsmen, tbe arm
ed ferryboat Commodore Barney and
tbe steamer Cohasset suited oo the 4th
ss far as Dutch Gap. which was about
fur miles in direct line below tbe
ffialn river defenses of Richmond.
The BflrTMy attempted to go farther.
but was bndly shaken up and disabled
by a floating torpedo fired Trom shore
by electricity. Tbe flotilla started
lo-. u' tbe river cm the 5th. baring learn- J
ed only that the Confederates were
alert to check any demonstrations
against tbe capital. Below Dutch Gap,
while tbe Rnnganion. which was lend
ing, entered one of the long reaches
peculiar to tbe James, she was fired
upon by a masked shore battery, bid-'
den by thickets and supported by In
fantry. Both the monitor and the Barney re
turned the Are. but the ferryboat was
quickly disabled by a shot through her
boiler. She drifted ashore and was
taken In tow by the Cohasset. Soon
tbe flutilla entered another reach and
was fired upon from a Jutting point as
before. After feebly replying tbe flo
tilla steamed downward again, tbe
Barney bavin; been literally peppered
wltb musket balls and bearing more
than thirty wounds from round shot in
her hull and upper works.
Wltb tbe channel planted with tor
pedoes nnd well protected heavy guns
on shore the Confederates could con
trol tbe James against an ordinary
naval outfit. The torpedoes were ban
died by an expert. Lieutenant Hunter
Davidson. U:s success in exploding
one under the Barney was not an iso
lated case. II e had done as Well be
fore and repeated tbe feat many times
before the war closed.
Farreaching Feral Plans.
The' Federal plans under considera
tion In August. 1S03. were farrenehlng.
Southern invasion of tbe north bad
been effectually checked in the sum
mer campaigns. Tbe fall of Vicksburg
and Port Hudson bad opened the Mis
sissippi river to the sen. Tbe northern
boundary of the Confederacy wus the
Rappahannock line from tbe Blue
Ridge to the Chesapeake and the Ten
nessee line, stretching also from the
Blue Ridge westward to the Missis
sippi. Grant was at Vlcksbnrg with a
powerful army. He wented to move
bis force down tbe river by steamboat,
unite with the Army of the Gulf, com
manded by General N. P. Bunks, and
operate against Mobile. He thought the
operations against tbe city on the gulf
would weaken the Confederate defense
of the Tennessee river line, where
General Braxton Bragg bad takeu np
u stroug iK)Kitioa around Chattanooga.
Bragg depended upon the region be- J
tween Chattanooga and ifoblle for j
erly column, commanded by General
T. L. Crittenden, took the Sequatchie
valley route, the most direct to Chatta
nooga. Two other corps, nnder Gen
eral C. H. Thomas and General A.
McD. McCook, would cross the moun
tains by various routes, leading ulti
mately into Alabama west of Chatta
nooga. - - v.
Brilliant "Work at Sparta,
Aa usual General X. B. Forrest's Con
federate cavalry bung off the Federal
flank to harrsss the march. Tbe col
umn assigned to follow, and annoy
Crittenden was led. by Colonel G. G.
Dibrell, one of Forrest's most active
commanders. Colonel R. H. G. Aun
ty's Federal brigade was ordered out
ob Aug. 4 to checkmate Dibre'.L The
Confederates ot the time were bent on
scouting rather than fighting pitched
battles, and Mlnty cbased a will-'o-the-wlsp
for four days. Then Dibreirs
camp was located near Sparta, Tenn.
Making a night march, tbe Federal
troopers struck the enemy's pickets at
daybreak on the Oth and chased them
four miles to the town. Mlnty learned
from the villagers that Dibrell had
beard otLls coming the evening be
fore and moved his camp beyond a
creek four miles northeast of Sparta.
There he selected a position on a hill
with a narrow bridge lit front to tempt
his pursuer to cross.
Crossing at a rocky ford below the
bridge, the Fourth United States,
strongly supported by the Seventh
Pennsylvania, attacked DibrellV left
At tbe same time the Third Indiana'
and Fourth Michigan, led by Mlnty
in person, rushed the bridge. After
a brief stand at the bridge Dibrell
abandoned the ground, and his brigade
galloped away in detachments pursued
by the Federals. His loss was many
times greater than Minty's. and the
Confederate historian of the affair said
that the escape of any of Dibrell's
troopers was due solely to the superior
fieetness of their horses.
Georgia the New Federal Goal.
Meeting wltb but slight opposition
from the Confederates in advancing
his outposts. Roseerans determined to
penetrate beyond tbe Tennessee riv
er and if possible win Chattanooga
1- without risking a tedious siege for
Its possession. Rations to subsist the
army for a month and ammunition to
last through a fighting campaign were
loaded in wagons for the march over
Crittenden's column forged ahead on
the direct route to Chattanooga. His
march turned out to be a feint, but
deceived Bragg, who promptly .began
to concentrate his forces at that point
Rosecrans' main force moved to' the
west of tbe city, where the roads. led
through mountain passes Into Georgia.
South of Chattanooga these roads on
tbe west connect with certain others
leading to extensive tablelands dis
tant ten to twenty miles from the
city. To reach these tablelands by
crossing mountain and river would be
army supplies. j
The Mobile plan was overruled In
Washington, and Grant was called
t:pon within a few days to send three
corps from bis army to other points.
About this time rumor stated that
Grunt was to supersede General
George G. Meade at the bead of the
Army of the Potomac. Meade, ou bis
part, had fixed ujion n plan to attack 1
Lees army In Its positions along the
Rnpldnu and around Gordonsvllle.
This was a revival of tbe movement
General McClellan had entered upon
when he was removed from command
After vpaunlng tbe Rappahannock
above Fredericksburg with two pon
toon bridges and a railroad bridge
Meade pushed his advance to and be
yond Rapidan. even forcing the Con-
i federates to give up Culpeper Court
House, a point of strategic value. His
plan bad for Its ultimate object a
march to Richmond. It bnd the ap
proval of military reviewers as being
better than again attacking Freder-j
Icksbnrg. which stood across his path
to Richmond, but bud twice been the
scene of Federal disaster. Both Burn
side cud Hooker had failed there, the
first In a direct attack, the latter in
a flank movement ending at Chancel
lorsville. Chattanooga the New Center.
It was for the Army of the Cumber
land to encompass tbe fall of Chatta
nooga as plana were developing this
time fifty years ago. it had once re
pulsed, later defeated and still later
outwitted the army which had beest
forced to a last stand at Chattanooga.
Its commander. General W. S. Rose
crans. believed In strategy, where
fighting could be avoided and tbe end
accomplished without waste of energy
and human life.
Cbsttanooga did not invite fighting
for aa army coming at It from the
north. It cocld only be approached by
crossing tbe Tennessee, and the river
could only be approached by Rose
crans' army across mountain barriers
and through a sterile country.. Rose
crans decided to wait for corn to ripen
la central Tennessee before cutting
loose from bis 6upply base at Nash
ville. The delay consumed weeks for
the main army, but the cavalry scout
ed far southward, to and even across
the Alabama border.
Meanwhile wagon roads and rail
roods were prepared to serve a general
odvauce when corn was ripe. A line
of communication was opened as far
as Stevenson. Ala, and three rootea
were adopted to carry the army over
the Cumberland mountains. The easb
by Ravlew of Reviews company.
GEVERAti OtOItOK O. 1TEADE, C. S. A,, COU-
af ANDES OF THE ARMT OP TBt POTOMAC.
an extremely hazardous undertaking,
but Rosecrans adopted tt as the short
er course to the possession of Chatta
nooga. Not only was Chattanooga threaten
ed by this bold enterprise, but also At
lanta, a point which Federal plans to
date had left out of calculation. The
Confederates, however, were alive to
the Importance of Atlanta and Its dan
gers as well. It invited attack from
any army controlling Chattanooga. In
midsummer, 1S02, tbe Federals bad
penetrated almost to the gates of
ClMttaneoga, Warned by that and the
defeat of tbe armies north of it in the
autumn of 1SG2, the Confederates bad
begun to consider tbe possibility of its
falL That calamity would give the
enemy an open road by way of Dai
toe, Rome and Kingston to Atlanta.
During the winter of 1SC3 the Con
federate engineers bad planned exten
sive fortifications to defend Atlanta.
Slow progress was made, while tbe
energies of tbe troops were engaged In
defending .Vicksburg and holding the
Federals north of Cbattcnooga. But
when Vicksburg fell and Bragg aban
doned all Tennessee in July and re
treated to Chattanooga, tbe south be
came alarmed as to Use safety ot At
lanta. In August the work of intrench.
Ing was taken up with !gor ted old
not cease catil. a year later, tbe Fed
erals, under General W. T. Sherman,
were approaching Its gates.
Tomorrow Morning at Promptly 8 o'Clock This Store Will Open With
Hundreds of More Additional Bargains, Especially Featuring a Number of 2 Hour Specials
ON SALE FROM 8 TILL lO A. M.
Miss the Two-Hour Specials Note the Phenominal
That Go On Sale at-8 o'Clock Saturday Morning.
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THE BIG STORE, ON THE BROADWALK THE BIG STORE. ON THE BROAD WALK
TURNING THE STOCKS INTO CASH Emptying ' "
v . the SBelues, Tables, Stockrooms Warehouses Never
N a Sale of Such Magnitude Ever Attempted Before,
OUR ENTIRE STOCK LITERALLY FIRED AT THE PUBLIC AT PRICES
NO OTHER STORE IN THIS COMMUNITY EVER DARED TO QUOTE
Drastic Slaughtering of Prices, Sacrificing Profits Regardlessof Losses
on htverything in Ladies Summer Ready-to-Wear Apparel
Read the Half Price Savings Below
Wash Tailored Suits, Handsome Tailored Wool Suits,
Dozens of Pretty White Embroidered Dresses and Fancy
Colored Dresses, Children's Wool and Wash Coats
HALF ) Choose from any gar- ( HALF
rarirr Yment in the above listed nnirr.
r KllJL ) departments Half Price i KILL
$3 Black Hairline 1 CA
Dress Skirts .... pl.i)V
Man-tailored Wool Dress Skirts,
black grounds, with fine hair
line stripes, all sites repre-'
sented, regular t rn
$3.00 values. H 1 Ov
Linen, Linen e and Ging'm
Dresses, up to $5 values, $1
An odd lot assortment of pretty
Linen, Linene and Fancy Ging
ham Wash Dresses; this lot
will go in a hurry, J f
values to 5.00.... 31UU
$1 and $1.25 White Cftr
Flaxon Waists ... -Vl'
About 10 dozen fine White Lin
gerie Waists, flaxons and fine
lawns; some are slightly mussed
take your pjek. less
than half, value to $1.25 OUC
Ollof f(t Your choice of any Waist in stock, plain and fancy silks, measallnes, white OCy Ctt
CtO jC VII lingerie and stylish tailored Waists, all new fresh clean stocks 25 discount 0 jO U1T
French Gingham Kfn
Petticoats, $1 values "vV
15 dozen line soft finish French
Gingham Wash Petticoats, deep
flounces, well made, throughout.
coats, $I.to values . . . -VfV.
10 dozen Heatherbloom Petti
coats in blue, old rose, brown
and green, all sizes,
choice $1.00 values.
$3,50 Silk Messa-Cl QQ
line Petticoats . . . P '0
Nearly 400 soft shimmering Silk
Messaline Petticoats, ell the
wanted colors and combination
of colors, $3.60
Enthusiastic Buyers Swarm the Aisles of our New Basement Housefurnishing Department
Thousand of Needful Household Articles Priced Within the Reach of All.
Our ehowing of fine China, Aluminum-ware, Granite-ware and household, necessities is as different
from the usual cut and dried assortment as possible. Every pattern, every individual piece was selected for
v its artistic and ulitarian qualities from the greatest importing and manufacturing houses, of the country.
We positively show the largest selection ever brought into Moline. - T
Heavy White Enameled Double Boil
era, Regular 89c Value, Ct
Sale Price OUC
Heavy white enamel on steel
body every piece guaranteed
2hi quart double boiler; cover is
interchangeable, which converts
the bottom vessel into a 3-quart
Heavy 14 it. Enamelel Dish A Q
Pans, 75c Value, Sale Price frOC
14 quart heavy enameled Dish
Pans, heavy handles with rimmed
tops, substantially built of the best
stock enamel ware.
500 pieces heavy finished Granite-
ware, extra Urge pieces,
(To Women Customers of the Store Only.)
380 Big 17-Quart Granite
Dish Pans, Each
Guaranteed full measure 17-quart Dish Pans, heavy
steel body, with strong riveted handles, 18 inches in
diameter. At this sensational low price we place a limit
of one to a xustomer.
In order to immediately acquaint the Moline public of the wonderful
advantages our Big Easement Department has to offer we will offer from
time to time such unusual inducements as quoted besides at all times a
host of savings on best quality Granite, Aluminum and others wares. We
invite your inspection of our new complete department "Basement"
6j-C Covered v
the Regular $1.65
Kind, Sale Prico
8-quart covered Windsor Kettles,
protected handles, inset cover
regularly sold at $1.65 .
7-qt, White Enameled Tea Kettles,
Regular 93c Val.ues, Ht
Safe Price OlC
7-quart white enameled Tea Ket
tles, rimmed bottom, seamless
body; rest for handle preventing
heating of same.
Everything Advertised in the Big 4-Page Circular Left at Your
Door Will Remain at the Prices Quoted Until the Sale Ends
Big Kimona Aprons of
Best Quality, Priced 39c
25 dozen big kimono sleeve,
coverall Aprons, light and
dark, washable, standard per
cales, taped all around. Limit
of one to a customer, on sale
from 8 till 10 a. to. oq
each . . . i
White Goods and Linens Reduced
to the Lowest Prices Any
Store Ever Quoted
$1.00 Black 36-inch Taffeta
A limited quantity of about 300
yards rich, lustrous Dlack 36
iach taffeta, now being used ex
tensively for the popular Skele
ton Skirt, fig
$1.00 value OOC
$1 and $1 25 Fancy
White Goods, 79c Yd.
23 pieces, including striped
Voiles, bordered Crepes and
Imported Crepes, The new
est waist and dress fabrics,
all clean, fresh stock.
15c White WaUtiogaTN
Fine sheer whits Nainsook
Waistings, checks, bars and
stripes .about 500 yards in
this lot, regular 16c Q
value, choice, yard... IvC
$2.50 Crepe Kimonas,
Satin Trimmed, 98c
10 dozen fancy Summer Crepe
Kimonos, all colors and sizes,
trimmed in satin. Limit of one
to a customer, on sole
from 8 till 10 a. m. .
Pure Irish linen hemmd pattern cloths, 66 inches
wide, Just 16a in the lot, sold regularly G tZf
Misses' 50c Union Suits
15 dozen Misses' fine Gauze
White Bibbed Union Suits,
lace trimmed, complete o
size range,, Sale Price.. OOC
at $3.50, choice
Large .full else double woven
Wash Cloths, regularly sold at
5c each, special ' f
3 for lUC
Bleached or Silver Bleached
. Pure Linen Damask, full , 62
inches wide, regular
65c value, special...
30 pieces pure Flax Craeh
Toweling. 18 inches wide, reg
ular 10c and 12o
values, yard OC
36-inch Fncy F axon
20 pieces fine, sheer, fancy
FlaxoEs, mostly light
grounds, small, neat figures.
full 26 inches wide,
60 dozen Bleached Turkish
Towels, fine double woven
thread, size 23x45, reg- st
ular 25c value, each.. C
About 20 dozen extra quality
Bleached Turkish Bath Tow-
ela, size 22x45 Inches,
regular 35c value.
Bates' Turkey Red Table Dam
ask, also blue, tan and grey, ab
solutely fast colors,
$1.25 Monotuck Messaline
Silk Reduced to 59c
One' huge lot of 'nearly 2000
yards soft shimmering Messa
line Silks, full 36 inches wide,
every color and combination of
colors in the lot ; re-. . C Q
member $1.25 values. ..0C
25c White Pique i
Waistings, 15c Yd.
20 pieces, mill length, 10 to
20 yards, assorted widths of
fine snowy white Pique
WaU lings, 2bg r;
Men's $1.00 Union Suits
20 dozen Men's light weight
Poros Knit Union Suits, long
end short sleeves, JO
Sale Price .....DJJC
S -ARGUS Wan