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THE 'ROCK -ISLAND ARGUS. TUESDAY. SEPTEMBER 2, 1913.
The War fifty Years Ago
Buy $50 Worth of Furniture at
Federal Amy of the Cumberland Marches to Attack
Chattanooga A Campaign of Strategy Confeder
ates Fortify the Place-Federals Feign a Direct
Assault and Throw Shells Into the Streets Impor
tance of Chattanooga to the South The Evacuation
of Fort Sumter Demanded by the Federals A Gun.
on Morris Island Known as the "Swamp Angel"
Throws "Greek Fire" Into the Heart of Charleston.
CncC 4!33ss DAVENPORT iowa;
www ask . -
rULLP?y a sma amount down and- you will be
given FREE this beautiful spun brass 2 light
large Parlor Electroliers, worth in any store
31, but to you it is FREE!
I i T-T. i a. ran : -i J, 3
m i t j fc i r .t y, x
u'ttiu the last week in Au
gust. 1SC3. the first steps were
taken and the first shots fired
In the Federal campaign for
Chattanooga. The end did not come
until the last of November. Incidental
to the general operations were the
campaign and battle of Chickamacga in
' The Confederate Array of the Ten
f nessee had marched from Chattanooga
1 northward la the summer of 1SC2 un
der General Braxton Bragg to invade
. Kentucky. Two fruitless battles fol
1 lowed. Defeated and tnrned back.
Brag Bad clung to central Tennessee
as a base for a new attempt to cross
(the Ohio river and draw the Federals
after him. So doing, bo would protect
Chattanooga, the Richmond of th
Battle Deferred by Federal Stratf Ti
It had not been the fault of Genera!
Bragg that the summer of 1S(53 passed
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TARGETS IX THE IIKART OF CMARLF.STOX FIRKD AT BY THiJ
-SWAMP ANGKI." .
f'Sfght t'i sun Jut to t:e left of the .rp: of St. Michael' church In Cbarlts
ton " ;ei. rul y. A. Oil !i:u: v'c Order to the Gun Detachment. J
without a flijlit to tin? finl.xb In ronrrni
Tri.ticssi-o bftweou hi forre ami t'ut
Federal Aruiy f the Cuml'trland. Lie
hud bwu ready to fllit on groupd of
1:1 t-wn cliDosing. li!s opponent. Cm
rMl W. s. Koo'cni n., a n ready
tighter n'o. but he alc wanted to
choose tlie battleground.
Bragg lay behind fortifications along
ruck river until Rosecrans moved his
(Tuns and battalions c round tiiiu so
that he bud no choice but to fight in
the open or retreat the third time with
in the year. During July Le retreated
to Chattanooga, where he could place
river aud mountain between bis army
nd its foe
The Sequatchie river, the Comber
land mountains ::nd the Tennessee
river were barriers facing nesecrars
when he broke -camp on -the Duck
river line the middle of August to
;In get In toucii with Bragg. Hav
ing opeuid the cnnipiiin with a bril
liant and successful strelce of strategy,
the Federal commander decided to try
it a second time, even at the risk of
being detected in repeating a former
':ure h.td done much to mate the
fi:te between Duck river and Chat
tanooga impossible for an army having
active foes in its frcnt It was only
necessary for Bragg ta fill up a few
g'rs and Chattanooga was safe. "The
Tennessee will be taken as our line."
ia!J Bragg. lie sent-cavalry Into
the mountain pr.sses to head oflf Rose
crans and fortified the crossings of the
All the News
All the Time
Tennessee above and below Chatta
nooga. Behind the city, on Mission
ridge, be began building earthworks.
A Wide Flank March.
General Bragg took it for granted
that his enemy would move down upon
him through the Sequatchie valley or
perhaps' to the north of it, the shortest
and most direct way to Chattanooga.
This route would take Rosecrans far
away from his base and line of sup
plies find eua'jie the Confederates to
make a protracted defense of the town.
One corps under General D. H. Hill,
who had been transferred from -the
defenses of Blchmond to the west,
was thrown forward into Tennessee,
along Ihc Chattanooga and Knoxville
Knoxville, nearly 100 miles northeast
of Chattanooga, was garrisoned ljy n
division of troops commanded by Gen
eral S. B. Buckner, who was under
Drags 's ordera. A Federal column led
by General A. E. Burnside was expect
ed to advance from Kentucky to Knor-
Tiile and even south to Chattanooga.
In eo-npt'ratlon with Rosecr.ms. With
his eves to the north and east Bragg
wrs iii! pro pa red for what happened.
Itosecr.ms sent the corps of tjeneral
T. L. Crittenden down the Sent:itchie
va!Iey to threaten Chattauooga. its
cavalry scouting far to the east toward
Kuoxvi'.le. Meanwhile his main col
umn moved on a most hazardous ex
pedition to the west and around to the
outhwe?t of the point to be aimed at
The mi! road from Nashville south te
Stevenson, Ala., was repaired and
opened to' the end as a line of supplies.
At Stevenson connection was made
with another railroad running to Chat
tanooga. thirty-Ove miles east This
latter Toad passed through Bridgeport.
Ala., Uiere crossing Tennessee river.
The Confederate brigsde of General S.
Ii- Anderson lay at Bridgeport to guard
the crossing. ,
Federal Shells Startle Chattanooga..
By Aug. 20 Rosecrans whole army
was at or near the crossings of tU
Tennessee: General A. MeD. McCook'a
corpa at Stevenson and Bridgeport.
Ala.: Crittenden's directly norti of
Chattanooga and General G. H.
Thomas corps in the center, with car
airy scouting the line of the river be
tween the Isolated Infantry corps.
Crittenden sent forward General J.
T. Wllder's mounted brigade to recon
tolter as far as Chattanooga, with
General G. D. Wagner's Infantry bri
gade In mnnort. The Federals found
A large American quartered oak chif
fonier in colonial style
a $25.00 value
Undoubtedly the bst solid oak anf
genuine leather chair offered in lue
tri-citis at anywhere near the price
the finish is first class and it's strong
and rigid. See this real PI QQ
bargain at our price of .... v X 0
the river well guarded on tne sontn Iy
Genera! Hill's troops. Bnigg's whole
army bad withdrawn from the town
and encamped northeast of it to meet
what proved to be only Crittenden's
Wilder and Wagner's batteries took
position on the bank of the Tennessee
at the bend where it runs nearest the
town aud opened 6re. It was a day of
fasting and churches well filled with
worshipers. Shells screaming past the
windows soon emptied ;he pews., and
the few Confederate soldiers in the
place quickly retired to the fortified
hills back of the town.
The same day. Aug. 21. Bragg learn
ed that the Federals were across the
river at Bridgeport and actually pre
paring to inarch upon Chattanooga In
bis rear. He recalled Anderson from
that vicinity, where McCook bad es
lee to Send Help From Virginia.
The flank march of the Army of the
Cumberland upon Chattanooga on the
west took it far away from the valley
of the upper Tennessee river, extend
ing from Chattanooga toward Knox
ville. This valley . connects Chatta
nooga with Virgia'a and by that route
the armies cf Bmgg and General Rob
ert E. I.eeniight re-enforce each other.
Bragg hnd nuiliitaiued Buckner's divi
sion at Kno.-ff. Me purposely to keep
the road open.
The day that Federal shells aroused'
the town of ChnttJinooga General Bnrn
side's column set out from southern
Kentucky for Knoxville. Bragg didn't
lenrn of It promptly or he might have
made a brilliant counter stroke by
or arching north to form a Junction with
troop sent from Virginia to destroy
There was all rail connection through
Knoxville between Chattanooga "snd
Lee's camps on the Rapidan river.
News of Burnside's march quickly
reached Richmond, and a plan to dis
patch General James Longstreet's
corps of Lee's command to the aid of
Bragg over that route was changed
in favor of a roundabout route through
the Carolines and southern Georgia.
Surrender of Fort Sumter Demanded
Since the middle of July Federal oper
ations on Morris Island, in front of
Charleston, bud steadily progressed.
General Q. A. Gillmore, the command
er, had brought up siege guns to bom
bard Fort Sumter. Batteries were es
tablished within two miles of the tar
get The Confederates had batteries
on the end of the Island nearest Sum
ter and kept up a severe and incessant
firing npon the Federals, who were at
work in the siege trenches.
After many delays due to the en
emy's activity Gillmore's guns opened
bombardment Aug. 17. which continued
for a week. Over 400 projectiles struck
the fort dally. At the close of the
bombardment every gun on Sumter's
parapet was either dismounted or seri
ously damaged Believing that the time
was ripe for forcing the evacuation of
Sumter and even of Charleston Itself,
General Gillmore made a peremptory
demand on Aug. 2L
The summons stated that if "within
four hours" after Its delivery into the
band of tie Confederals commander
Vi 9x12 Axminster Rug's, handsome QOO ETA - Vf"l T
medallion and all over effects aP'eUU wi K
iRUxf yi 7-6x9 bedroom ru?s, small QQ iS ' 'f - I
$9-75 fr beautiful gxi2 fibre and wool seamless rug,
A complete dining room outfit as
buffet bought singly these pieces would total not less than $100. We secured 10
complete sets and tttey will be sold as such only. HERB IS A RARE CHANCE.
The complete outfit as illustrated only 7 ,
on Morris Island the posts there and
also Fort Sumter were not evacuated
Gillmore would "open fire on the city
of Charleston from batteries already
established within easy range of the
heart of the city." Tbe'time specified
arrived before the message had reach
ed General Beauregard, the Confeder
ate chief in .Charleston.
With great difficulty Gillmore's engi
neers had planted an eight inch 200
pounder Parrott rifle in a marsh on a
foundation of( piles and barricaded
with sandbags which the soldiers bad
carried on their backs. This gun was
christened the "Swamp Angel." For
the first discharge it was sighted a
trifle to the left of the steeple of old
St. Michael's church, the heart at least
of aristocratic Charleston.
Greek Fire Hurled Into Charleston.
After allowing a reasonable time for
the message to do its work and getting
no response. Gillmore ordered an ex
pert marksman to open fire. At 1:30
o'clock on the morntng of Aug. 22 the
"Swamp Angel" sent a shell wbiizing
past the cbtirch steeple. Bells and
whistles in the city promptly aroused
the sleeping populace.
Sixteen shells in alb were fired that
morning. Of these twelve were charg
ed with an inflammable fluid and four
with "solidified Greek fire." During
the forenno'n Gillmore received a mes
sage from Beauregard protesting in a
general way against bombarding a city
filled with old men, women and chil
dren without the customary notice of
one to three days to enable them to
move out of danger. To this was add
ed a sharp rebuke in these words:
"Your firing of the most destructive
missiles ever used in war into the midst
of a city taken unawares and filled
with sleeping women and children will
give you a bad eminence in history."
Next day twenty more shells, all fin
ed with "Greek fire," Were discharged
from the gun in the marsh. On tba
twentieth discharge the breech of tha
gun blew out and the piece was dis
mounted. From the time of tbe first
discbarge until tbe last tbe "Swamp
Angel" was the special target of thir
teen Confederate guns and mortars. No
damage was done, for, as a rule, the
shells buried themselves in tbe mud
Tbe shells of the- "Swsmp Angel"
fiew toward St. Michael's steeple, bat.
s a rule, fell short and dropped Into
tbe streets and vacant lots, exploding
as they struck. One ignited some loose
paper in n warehouse which it entered,
but tbe flames were soon oueiied. Non-
2a ry i
Semiring la Sods
shown. Large table, four chairs, handsome china closet and large massive
wrabatnnts left tbe city In streams and
foreign consuls made a vigorous pro
test against the bombardment with
Mrs. Allie Pehlstrum of Loa Angeles
Cal., is visiting old time friends in
Cambridge. She also visited at Mo
line for several days.
-Dr. and Mrs. S M. Vincent and
Miss Lola Watson of Cuba, N. Y., who
have been visiting at the M. B. Bris
tol home returned to their eastern
Mr. and Mrs. Carl Stock and John
Wyatt and Mrs. William Wyatt are
visiting friends at Ottumwa, Iowa.
Gene Malcolmn attended the Wyom
ing fair last Wednesday.
Henry Anderson attended the Iowa
state fair at Des Moines bast week.
John Otterstrom made a short visit
at Peoria last week.
Mr. and Mrs. Clarence Nye are in
Chicago, Mr. Nye will enter the vet
erinary school there.
, Mrs. Herman Wlenrich is visiting
John Nye is "now the owner of one of
the latest automobiles, a 1914 Over
land. Hiss Katharine Miller of -Mendota
is making her sister, Mrs. J. H. Seaton,
a visit. She also visited at Galva,
Jonas Oak made a business trip to
Missouri last week.
Mr. and Mrs. J. V. Sherrard are
visiting friends at Independence, la.
Mrs, Polland Fesler, who has been
in the hospital at Davenport returned
home last week. '
A number of the teachers from the
Cambridge school attended the insti
tute at Geneseo Ia-t week.
Mr. and Mrs. Theo. W. Anderson
and daughter, Miss Ermal. are visit
ing with friends and relatives in Mo
line and Geneseo
Sam Nelson is visiting his brother
James and family at Keota, la.
H. C. Welnrich is visiting in South
Thoe Boltenstern was in attendance
at the Wyoming fair Thursday last
Born to Mr. and Mrs. Fred McLaugh
lin' Aug. 22. a daughter.
Mrs. William WIle7 of Oregon Is
Mrs. Lackey and two daughters of
Chicago axe visiting at the home of
Mr. and Mrs. William Lockey visit
ed at the home of their daughter, Mrs.
Bolin of Kewanee lst Wednesday.
Mrs. Clause Grant is vi3iting friends
Mrs. Cook is recovering slowly from
'atr recent '.v -fs.
Levetta Renstrora of Salt Lake City,
Utah, is visiting at the Mark Talbot
J. J. Hadly of Osco is ill.
Mrs. August F. Doye of Kewanee
and son. A. E. Doye of Galva, made
a btuiaeM trip to Cambridge Wednes
day. Mr. and Mrs. Ralph Gordon and
daughter, Miss Florence, attended the
Wyoming fair Wednesday.-
Mrs. O. E. Aleshlre and two children
of Chicago, who hare spent several
beautiful small patterns
$1.00 a Week
weeks visiting their grandmother, Mrs.
Lizzie Malcolm left last Wednesday for
her home in Chicago.
Vernie and Ralph Grant made a busi
ness trip to Lynn last Tuesday.
Married at the Baptist parsonage
Wednesday, Aug. 20, Rev. E. E. Evans
officiating, Miss Rosa.E. Stach and
Lyle Hutchinson, both of Cambridge.
The bride is the daughter of Mr. and
Mrs. Carl Stach. The groom is
a farmer and is the son of
Mr. and Mrs. Samuel Hutchinson of
Munson township. The couple will
make their home on a farm sev
en miles from Cambridge.
Mrs. Charles Zurts of Iowa is visit
ing at the home of her brother, John
McGimpsy, this week.
Mr. and Mrs. Moss of Rock Island
and two children visited with Mr.
and Mrs. Fred Gregg Saturday.
Mrs. Herman Niti celebrated her
50th birthday anniversary Wednesday.
A number of friends and neighbors
called on her during the day.
Miss Li:iie Wornioth, wjto is a
clerk in the K. L. Nelson store, is
taking her vacation this week and
has gone for a visit in Iowa.
Don't waste your, money buying
plasters when you can get a bottle of
Chamberlain's Liniment for 25 cents.
A piece of flannel dampened with this
liniment is superior to any plaster for
lame back, pains in the side and' chest,
and much cheaper. Sold by all drug
(Rear of 1121 Fourth avenue)
Let ng vulcanize that bad automobUe tire of yo-rrs.
Send your tire to as and the work will be done to your en
We do the best of work and our prices are most rea
sonable. All Work Called for
and Deli verec V J
Telephone Rock Island 28 03. v
H. E. SCHREINER, Prop. F. TOMLINSON, Mgr."
Massive dresser like cut, large mir
ror and beautifully finished cabinet
work, the best value we have ever of
To match the dresser and chiffonier
above, this bed Is in, correct colonial
proportions richly grained and fin
ished, showing a beautiful white flaky
effect. Most stores ask
$20 our price is only
Charged With $20,000 Fraud.
Mount Ida., Ark., Sept. 2. Ed.
Spears was placed on trial here jes
terday charged with engineering a
deal whereby Frank P. Fox, a re
puted millionaire of Terro Haute.
Ind.fi was fleeced out, of $20,000
through an alleged crooked roulette
game in Hot Springs, Ark., last Janu
You can pay foe Irratmrnt vtliru
I n.OSK THE Ofl'EXITVG.AT O'CE.
No knfe, no parafline, no Injection, ;
detention from business.
1 hava sur!P-essriilly made a special
of rupture low duvn anil lianl to I10I&.
ruptures follnwini: optjratlons, navel
ruptures, lalliriK vt' thn womb, anil all
bad cases In men, twnineu and children,
and have my Kreaaxt success with pa
tients who have failed to get a cura
If you must -wear. a truss and only
knew what com font
The Trvw of Last Ilenort
brings to you, you wouldn't be without
one a single day. It holds rupture
easier that other trusses and after all
others fall. Sixty days' trial. Worn
and endorsed by tKnustJridsi.
No leg straps, edasUu bands or steel
189520 Years' Experience 1913
If you cannot caj.l, write for cata
logue. M. H. BROWN, M. D.
22 aolncr Stt, Chicago, m.
Kelt visit 1a Rork. 'island. Ilnrprr honsc,
Thursday, Scnt4, a a. m. to 4 . us.