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THE ROCK ISLAND ARGUS. TUESDAY. SEPTEMBER 0, 1013,
The War Fifty Years Ago
Federal Siege of the Defenses of Charleston S. C.
Heavy Cannon Bombard Fort Sumterr Parapet Guns
Dismounted and Walls Breached Surrender De
manded and Refused Battery Wagner, a Guardian
of Sumter. Besieged Federals Reach Within a Hun
dred Yards of the Ditch Calcium Lights Turn Night
Into Day Confederate Garrison Takes Refuge In
Bombproof Shelters Wagner Evacuated at Night.
"By Cpt. CCOH.CE l KILMER, late U. 5. V."
WITH the opening of the montt
of September fifty years ago
the Federal army and navy at
Charleston, S. C, were In full
readiness, so the leaders thought, to
bring Fort Sumter to a final reckoning.
Bot." arms of service had devoted
months to preparation, marked by
spasmodic attempts to strike the fin
ishing Wow. attempts filtile In tbe
main. The old fort stood defiant, bat
tered to mere ruins and crippled In thi?
very vitals. Contiguous forts and bat
teries, some new and others old, malu
talned guard over their hapless com
panion. To attack Fort Sumter meant that
the assailant must enconnter more
puns than the work Itself had ever
contained, r.nd mr.ny of them bad bees
especially plnrcl to sweep the avenues
on land mid water which the Federals
must use in approach.
Fort Sumter whs nSout a mile from
the nenret poiLt of land. It was sur-
Q. A. Gillnjore, selected Morris Island
as a site for siege perations. In July
force of Federals had landed on Mor
ris Island within striking distance of
Wagner, but had done so only after a
feint had been made on James island,
which misled the Confederates. Beau
regard said that James Island was the
doorway to Sumter and to Charleston,
while Morris island was only a win
dow. He was glad that Gillmore chose
the window. The guns of Wagner bore
upon that opening. Twice in July Gill
more had fiercely attacked Wagner in
vain. Throughout August his army
had engaged In a tedious siege of that
work. Upon its fortunes depended
those ot its companion. Gregg.
Failing to take Wagner by storm,
Gillmoie decided to reduce it by siege
and at he same time prosecute a more
vigorous siege of Sumter. Wagner it
self would be untenable to Federal
troops so lor.g as Sumter's fighting
power was intact. It stood only two
miles away. About the middle of Au
gust breaching batteries opened oil
Sumter, tiring over Wagner, and also
. . . u vcurfc in .
across ine sap ou iut- uuuo.. - .
davlight was Impossible, and as the !
crisis nenred a bright harvest moon
mr.de night almost as brilliant as day.
Matters came to a standstill. The ex
pedients of the engineers had been ex
hausted. Finally Gillmore decided to
turn to his guns again.
Calcium Lights Turn Night to Day.
On Sept. 5, seventeen siege and coe
hora mortars began dropping bombs
into Wsguer. Ten light siee rifles
swept the nprroach to the battery
from the rear, and fourteen Parrott
runs, including the monsters in Bat-
terr Reno, thundered at the bomb-
proof shelter of the Confederate gar
rison. During the daytime the new
Ironsides, with volleys from eight eleven-inch
guns in broadside, sent a con
tinuous stream of shells against the
parapet of Wagner.
At night the Federal siege gunners
were aided In their aim by a strong
calcium light, which was thrown upon
Wagner with such power as to pre
vent the garrison from making repclrs.
The details of the whole fort were
brought out in strong relief, present
ing a spectacle of thrilling splendor.
Wagner's garrison soon sought safe
ty in bombproof shelters, which Gill
more's rifles had failed to entirely de
stroy. Aside from a few shots fired at
the new Ironsides from guns on the
sea face of the fort and the work of !
a few daring sharpshooters, the Con
federates showed little sign of life.
Having reached their limit on the land
! front, the Federal sappers worked
around on the sen front.
On the night of the (ith the sap was
pushed along the bench far beyond tha
south or laud front of Wagner. A line
vt pointed stakes, alternatirg with
pikes and lances, which had been set
lip along shore to hold off boat at
tacks, was removed by the shippers,
and Gillmore gave ortlars for a grand
T'l 111 I
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Copy i It bt by Review of Reviews company.
I ueview or lieviews company.
FF.DFHAL GUNS IX BATTER T RENO BEARING CI'ON BATTERY WAGNER
rounded by Islands, and upon the Jut
ting peninsulas of these islands the
Confederates had erected strong sup
porting batteries. On Sullivan's island
Did Fort Moultrie was intact, with Bat
tery I5ee and Battery Beauregard ad
joining. On the opposite side of Sum
ter from Moultrie stood old Fort John
son, occupying a point on James is
land, with two batteries adjoining.
Johnson and Moultrie were uearly due
enst and west of Sumter.
The main ship channel of Charleston
harbor extends north and south, pass
ing between Moultrie and Sumter. This
channel the Federal warships had en
tered to attack Sumter again and
gain. West of the channel lies Mor
ris island, and upon the northern ex
tremity the Confederates had erected
Battery Greg and Battery Wagner.
The guns of these works were effective
against au enemy using the channel
and also stood In the way of his close
approach to Sumter by land on Morris
Morris island proved to be the weak
point in the Confederate defeuse of
Fort Sumter from attack. Extending
from Cum icing's point, where Battery
Gregg stood within less than a mile of
the fort, southward over three miles.
It invited operations by the Federals.
The chancel runs parallel with It only
half a mile from shore, enabling troops
cm land and warships off shore to co
operate la security beyond the harmful
range of the guns of Sumter, Gregg
Wagner had been constructed espe
cially to defend the water appfonch to
Sumter. The channel opposite was
barrow, compelling vessels approach
ing the fort to run within a mile of Its
guns. The work extended across a
narrow neck of land and was secure
from attack except on Its direct south
frout Early In 1S03 the Confederate
commander la Charleston. General P.
T. Beauregard, realized that Morris is-
upon Wagner itself, some of the siege
guns being only S00 yaids from the
The most powerful of these breach
ing batteries was Battery Reno. It
mounted four 100-pound Parrott rifle
guns and one eight-inch and one ten
inch Parrott. then the largest in exist
ence. Gillmore decided not to force the is
sue against Wagner until his batteries
were able to keep down the fire of
Sumter. Meanwhile Wagner's puns
seriously interfered with the work of
advancing the siege lines, and the navy
was called on to help subdue their fire.
Eight days' steady bombardment of
Fort Sumter had left that historic
work a ruin. Nearly 500 shots struck
it daily. Every gun on its parapet had
been dismounted or disabled and its
sea wall torn open. Some of its guns
werw removed by the Confederates for
service In other batteries. Gillmore
had demanded Its surrender in vain
anJ In Tain had poured inflammable
shells into the heart of Charleston to
enforce the demand.
Wagner was now to be reckoned
with. Gillmore'a trenches were with
in 240 yards of the main work. Sum
ter could not render help, but Confed
erate batteries on James island had
range of less than two miles and fired
Into the besiegers with great accuracy.
At 200 yards from the ditch of Wag
ner the Federal sappers who were driv
ing the lines foot by foot during night
hours encountered a new difficulty.
Subsurface torpedoes had been thick
ly planted over a!l the ground between
the Federal front and the fort They
were arranged to explode If tread upon
and thus prevent the advance of a
T V. . .... .. i m ,i , .
ward, feeling that the torpedoes af
forded them protection as well as bar-
land was an element of great danger j bored danger. The Confederates could
because of the chance of co-operation j not sally forth to attack the advanc
It offered to the Federal army and lng enemy without running afonl of
T7- the infernal machines of their own
Fort Wagner a Bulwark. j Planting. After the sappers reached
, , . i within 100 yards of Wagner's ditch
For a Federal army seeking to P-j progres. was next to impossible. Loss
proach overland close to Sumter James ; e9 among the sappcrs Rnd tbelr
island was more tempting than Morris ; jnorease(i rapldlv
Island. But the navy could not co-op-; Wa?ner-S gunVfcert P a c(,neentTle
erate with troops moving on that route, i flreon tbe beftdof the redera, sa- and
and the Federal commander. General , batterles on James lsIand hur)ed 6,JoU
All the News
All the Time
assault. Ti'o Tssrillnr,i3 were to pass
along the beach :-nd stride the rear of i
the fort, where the only protection was I
a low infantry parapet. j
Wagner and Gregg Deserted. j
It became evident to General "Beaure- '
gard that further attempt to hoid Wag- j
ner and Gregg would end in the loss ;
of the garrisons of both works. Gill
more's Parrott shells had breached the
parapets and torn open the bombproofs ;
of Wagner. Many of its guns were
useless and the work itself only a.
structure of sand. Within forty-two 1
hours, commencing the morning of
Sept 5. over 3.000 Federal shells had
been fired into it and within forty
days, all told, nearly 10.000 missiles.
Simultaneous with Gillmore's orders !
to carry Waguer by assault. General J
Beauregard ordered the immediate
evacuation of both that work and Bat
tery Gregg. This move had been pre
viously arranged for as a possible ne
cessity, and it was carried out during
the night of the Ctb with great cool
ness and precision. Wounded and
sick had been removed, and tbe garri
son embarked in boats, moving off in
silence. Fuses leading to the maga
zines of both works were lit. but they
failed to carry home, and the Federals
entered tbe morning of the 7th to find
the works Intact except for the dam
age inflicted by their own missiles.
Two boat loads of prisoners, the Con
federate rear guard, which had been
cut off on the beach, were Gillmore's
sole trophies from the personnel of the
garrison. Morris Island was now la
fall Federal possession. A powerful
armament could be turned upon Sum
ter at range of one mile. Immediate
evacuation of tbe latter was at once
demanded and stubbornly refused.
Other Events of the Week.
On the 1st and the 7th of September
the advance of the Federal cavalry In
Virginia soutn of tbe Rappahannock
was Interrupted by General Stuart's
Confederate troopers at Barbee's Cross
roads and Brandy Station, respectively.
On Sept 2" a Federal army under
General a. E. Burnside marched Into
Knoxviiie. Tenn., which the Confed
erates had Just abandoned. Burnside
had been ordered to extend hU march
southward toward Chattanooga anl
unite witu Rosecrans' army.
il Michael Wasuck, 19 vears
old, suffering with a broken back and
limbs, will leave St Paul Sept 13 for
Warsaw. Poland, ou a stretcher to see
his mother. He will be acccmpan:ed
; by Mi?s Lj dia Keller, superintendent
cf a hospital where he has oeea help-
. For a Limited Time Only
Can Purchase One of These Sterling No-Tuft Mattresses at
On the Basis of $1.50 Cash, $1.50 Monthly
Follow This Mattress in Its Course
Through This Sanitary Factory
. The Machine That Combs Out
This in a groat mncliine that receives
the cottin from the bnles fresh from the
plantation and gin. Great Cylinders with
sharp tooth combs comb out the cotton
fibers to their full length. One combing
after another takes place and all dust
and other foreisn sibstani-e the cotton
might have gathered in transit is re
moved. When it leaves the cylinders it
is in a filmy web, so tine that you can
see through it. (Xote picture). These
films are automatically placed one upon
the other, forming a downy layer that
is rolled as shown on the machine.
Here Is the Cotton Before Being
Incased in the Ticking.
The girl standing alongside shows by
comparison, the height of the cotton bat
ting before it is encased in the tickinc It
is a fluffy, downy mass. 16 layers high,
each of 72 filmy webs. These layers are
uncut cotton, as fresh and pure as the
day the cotton bulb first burst into
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waste is to be found anywhere. A full
50 lbF. of snowy white rotton that will
be pressed down to regulation mattress
height, but will not be bound by any
tuft of any kind.
The Sterling No-Tuft
That downy, billowy pillow for the body is 6oli
everywhere at ?22.
It was only by special permission from the
makers that we are able to quote the price of $15
on these mattresses as a special introductory price.
Their permission was limited, however, to the
sale of just a certain number. After 'hese are sold
the price must go back to and that will se'.tle
for all time your chance of securing one of these
downy mattresses at a saving of $7.
If you are one of the thousands sleeping on hard,
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and wake lip in the morning feeling grumpy and
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How comfortable it is to rest your head on a nice
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Making the Ticking for the
Sterling No Tuft Mattress.
The same care is exercised in th
ticking as in the interior, only the finest
grHde of art and striped ticking, rein
forced throughout, is used in this mat
tress. Notice the absence of artificial
li'ht in the stitching room. This is a
daylight factory and a sanitary one.
There is not a speck of dust or dirt any
where. There is absolutely no possible
chance for any foreign substance to
creep into the making of the Sterling
No Tuft Mattress. And jour mind tan
rest at ease as to what went into the
mattres". It is an ideal factory that
creates this ideal mattress.
Sewing Up the Ticking That In
cases the Sterling Mattress.
Only the most skilled workmen are em
ployed in the m.-ikinir of these mattress
es and the way these men stitch the
ticking around the edge, putting on a
heavy imperial roll, precludes any pos
sibility of them ever breaking down at
the edge. With every Sterling No Tuft
?.Iattress there goes a guarantee which
states specifically that this mattress
contains 50 lbs. of pure white long fiber
cotton and is free from linters, mill
waste or any other foreign substance.
Haven't you often wished for a mattress that
would give to your body the comfort your pillow
gives to your head.? Surely you have. So have
hundreds of others like you and they, like you,
will want to test out the comfort of this body
pillow. But here is the trouble: we have only
a limited number of these mattresses to sell at
the 8peial price. Orders will he filled as they
are received and your delay in placing your order
may result in some other person securing the
mattress which might have been yours at the spe
Just think, just $l.!iO initial cost will enable you
to stretch out your body full length on this great
big billowy mattress, free from all binding tufts
that conforms to every curve of your body and
with uniform tension. Can you deny to your body
the. comforts which this mattress holds for you?
See them on display in our windows. ,
107-109 West Second St. Davenport, Iowa
less for U months. Aug. It. 1912. a
pile of lumber fell on the boy. In a
suit for damages he received $13,000.
While in the hospital he learned to
HELD FOR FRAUD
Shortages Charged to U. T.
Bice, One of the Leading
Men of Mattoon.
for 40 years a leading citizen of Mat
toon and one of its foremost church
workers, is under guard of a deputy
sheriff at his heme in this city, un
able to furnish a $2,000 bond and too
sick to be taken to jail.
Meanwhile, the grand jury of the
city court is unearthing unsuspected
deals which intiiczr-e that Rice's
shortage may be anywhere from $50,
000 to $ino.ooo.
Rice was a loan broker, insurance
agent, and real estate agent and had
been in business 30 years. He came
to Mattoon as a Baptist preacher and
by upright living established a rep
utation for honesty that led a bank
president now dead, to take him up
as a partner In an extensive loan
The business went, to Rice wlfea j
the banker died and such was the
confidence in Rice that he was al-
i lewed to cont'nue his office in thej
. hank I
Rice became superintendent of the
i Sunday school cf the First Metho
i dist churrt, superint?ndeat of- the
I Coies County - Sunday School ' associ
ation, an official of the Illinois Methff
dist Conference Laymen's associa
tion, president of the Mattoon Law
and Order league and the head of num
erous other organizations of like na
ture. The consequences was that widows
and aged persons living upon the in
terest, of life-'on? savings took their
money to Rice for investment.
Rice always found places fir it and
as trustee paid interest twice cic'n
year by private checks. The Irrdnrs
did no, know when Io3ns expired
and Rice was enabled to collect with
out the owners learning of it.
Rice continued to keep this money,
paying the lender interest as ur-ial
out of the principal. This he is ?a!d
Sept. 9. Charged I f0 have kept up for years rnd vn'i
t, IT. T. S. Rice, i the grand jury gets hold of all boov
and claims, the extent, and nvrobor
of shortages can only be surmif?d.
Two firms of Mattoon attorneys have
claims totaling $40,000.
Many of Rice's c'.ienfs are wom
en. He was taken seriously il". with
heart trouble a few weeks ago end
row it is said tha. knowiede of
the Impending disclosures, wirch he
could not circumvent, brought on his
He has made no statement. Vhre
the money has gone is a conjecture,
for Rice scarcfly ever left Mattoon
and then only to a"tend religious
gatherings. At, home he epent litt'e.
He hag a large family.
in the Savings Department of this bank.
Save the dollars deposit the mregularly and with each
one ctrav.-in- 4 interest, compounded semi-annually, you'il
scon fee fx IMat yov, v:'M have a good sized bank account.
Anrl rro-c h'?.n thr.t yo.i wil lhave acquired the Saving
Habit -the one sure way to success.
Make Our Rank Your Bank
Chamberlain's Colic, Cholera and
Diarrhoea Remedy is today the best!
known medicine in use for the relief;
ianri r-i I ro nf Vir -j d rnmnlilnf t I
j cures griping, diarrhoea, dysenterr.
'and should be taken at the first un
natural looseness of the bowels. It
is equally valuable for children and !
adults. It always cures. Sold by all
H. E. CASTEEL.. Brcfiior.t. ,M. S. HEACV. Vice I'res. 11. B. Simmcu, 1 atih.
Southwest corrr Second avran? and Sirbteenth street
All the news all the time Tbe Arena.
VI Hi ll lil I d