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THE ROCK ISLAND ARGUS. FRIDAY. SEPTEMBER 26, 1913
The War fifty Years Ago
Federals Make a Night Attack on Fort Sumter Sail
ors and Marines Land From Rowboats The Confed
erate Garrison Forewarned From the Walls They
Rain Missiles Upon the Assailants Boats Bringing
Up Re-enforcements Driven Back The Channel
Alive With Shells Failure of the Expedition Cav
alry Clash at the Fords of the Rappahannock Fed
erals Capture Culpeper Court House, Va.
r CaplCEORCE L. KILMER. Lati U. S. V.
DURING the night of Sept S.
1SG3, a Federal storming par
ty composed of suitors belong
s. Ids to Admiral J. A. Dahl-
gren'a fleet attempted to surprise and
capture Fort Sumter. For more than
week the Federal ironclads In the
channel of Charleston harbor and
Biege batteries on Morris island bad
Ionnded the walls of the fort and
ground theiu to nn re heaps of dust in t prisoned in Charleston
ijme places. Still the garrison clung
to the ruin. The Confederates evac
uated F.attery Wagner and Uattery
f!regg on the night of Sept 7. and the
fall of these works raised the cry In
the besieging army and navy. "On to
Charleston!-' larlng the 7th the iron
clad NYeebawken steamed tip toward ! ton. lie had picked up a little knowl
the fort to reeonjiolrcr. She" grounded edge of Federal signals by studying
Cnder the fire of the Confedtwnte guns tlie signal flag taken from the wreck
and the Fatapsco and I.chigh went to of the ironclad Keokuk, which had
her aid. The I'atapsco dashed up t i
iwlthln 100 yards of Sumter, and the '
outlook did not see a soldier cor a gun '
on the sea face of the works. On this
front there appeared a breach six feet
In height and eight feet wide (shown !
In the photograph. cnus d by heavy
hells striking the sKt together. I
from each ship, commanded by a" lieu
tenant, to report to the rendezvous for
an attack on Sumter at 10 o'clock.
This signal was read by the signalman
cu board the Confederate ironclafl Chi
cora and the Information given to the
The Federal signal cede had been
secured by the enemy through a clever
trick. Some months before a Federal
signalman had been captured and Im-
One day an
other man In Federal uniform was i
brought Into the prison. He knew
something of the t-igual code, and these
two passed their time comparing notes.
The second man was an aid on the
staff of General P. (J. T. Beauregard,
the Confederate commander In Charles-
declared that "Fort Moultrie Bred like j
a devil, shells breaking around men j
nd screaming in chorus." It was still j
better where bells were supplement-
ed with canister and band grenades, j
The force captured by the Confeder-
ntes numbered thirteen officers and 102 j
men. The spoils were four boats and ;
three stands of colors. General Beau- j
regard said that the garrison in Sum- ,
ter stood by the guns the night of the ;
.attack with the lock strings in hand.
He believed that the suddenness of the ;
fire and Its rapidity prevented the cap- j
m nf stpvpns pntire force. Had the
boats all been allowed to land before j i
the guns opened they would all nave ;
shared the fate of Williams' men. The :
Confederates in the fort claimed that i
the attack was repulsed by S20 men. j
Federals In little Rock.
On Sept 7. after a tedious march
across country from Whits River, Gen- i
eral Frederick Steele's Federal column j
reached the Arkansas, near Little
Ttock. Genera! Sterling Trice's Con-
federrtes were intrenched to protect ,
the town, but the Federals avoided di- J
rect attack and crossed the river on ;
the 10th below the city. This move j
exposed Little Kock to the enemy, and ;
a nan'c ensued In the streets.
Finding himself outgeneraled,
hastily abandoned bis -works and rlfrl
treated south in the direction of Bed j Wl
River. Two brigades of Steele s car- .
alrv attempted pursuit, but were check- j
. . . 1 t S 1 I
pd lv (ienerai siarmauuses uiiara- r.4
erate troopers. 1 he mayor of Little j
f nriituliiiiT n iihuhiiiii i tk"
1 li E
Frice ! fr-
. When the report of Captain Thomas
n. Stevens, commniider of the l'atrps- j
ro, reached Admiral Iah)gicn he de- j
rlded to send a lmat party to storm j
the historic pile und so'evted Stevens !
o lead It. Stevens asked t be escits- j
rd, because be didn't Ix-lleve lie could j
neceed. F.ven if the party pot inside i
the fort through the breach the chun- j
Hal obstructions which be had met I
with on his reconnaissance would pre- j
rent warships from g.-ttins clr-p
no'tgh to support the g:.rrWun and
hold It against tlie fearful fire the ene
my could pour up;tn it from the bat
teries nfir ut hand.
Fort Johnson iiiur Fort Moultrie,
both less than a mile distant, covered
Bock formally yielded the place to
General J. W. Imvidson. leader of
The total easua:ties of the Confed
erates in the series of operations
around Little Rock were sixty-four
killed, wounded and missing, General
Steele's column lost 137 all told.
J General Frice continued his retreat
' undisturbed and reached Arkadt-.lphia.
UK) miles south or the Washita. There
i his force united with scattered detach
ments, the aggregate numbering about
Old Foes Meet Again.
Sept 13. lSiiO. two months af'.er the
; affair at Falling Waters, where Gen
! eral R. E. Lee crossed the Potomac n
j his retreat from Gettysburg, the last
clash of arms in that campaign, the
been sunk in the channel during battle
with Sumter in April, and his com
panion captive little suspected the fact
that he was being duped. What the
aid learned was soon shared with the
Confederate signalman in the harbor.
Fort Sumter's Men Ready.
After dark on tlie 8th Fort Sumter
was re-enforced and the range found
on the channel !y the gunners iu Fort
Johnson and Fort Moultrie. The Chi
cra was moved from her station and
anchored beside l-'ort Sumter. The
night was intensely dark, and the gar
rison could see nothing in front of
them, but they were listening intently.
end about 12 o'clock were rewarded by 1 troopers in blue and gray, under Gen
hearing the faint plash of muffled oars j eral .Tudson Kilpatrick and General J.
appi-oa. hin;;. E. B. Stuart, reopened the old fight
When the sound indicated that the ! for the mastery of the Bappahmnock
hosts were within about 10r yards of
the CMcora she opened fire on them
with grape and canister. This was the
prearranged sigunl for the lighting
of a L'ruiumond light on the parapet
'i 1 ' r n irN-iT i- II..T-T-- i. tZL-Jirjk mm 1 ra
. ..... jf.- - w. Tl Bm.W -vjX'v'v-i
Copyright by Review of Reviews company.
FORT SFMTER ABOVE. LOWER PICTURE SHOWS TnE BREACH
ATTACKED SEPT. 8. 1S03.
the fort as well as tlie channel with
their gv.us. Tlie admiral refused to ex
ruse Stevens, and in the course of the
Interview sail. "You'll find nothing
liUt a corporal's guard there to onnose
you." Stevens' tolleugues Cually pre- j Commander E. P. Williams, who pluck
vailed upon him to go because the ! N -v lauded his men.
oruiy was prcpnrii'g an attack, and if 1
the r.avy fai'ed to go In the army i
would reap ell the glory. j
Hue. Lee retired bis whole army be
yond the Rappahannock and also south
of the Rapidan. a tributary of the great
river. General George G. Meade, his
victor, pushed forward with the Army
of the Potomac to the Rappahannock
and sect his cavalry across to clear the
road for an advance to Culpeper Court
House. Stuart was guarding the Get
tysburg fords with his troopers.
Klipatriek led n division across the
Rappahannock early on the 13th. hop
ing to surprise the enemy and rush
upon the courthouse unopposed. Stu
art sent his wagons and disabled
horses back behind the Rapidan and
deployed his corps for the defense of
Culpeper. Kilpatrlck's leading brigade,
under Colonel H. E. Davles. Jr., cross
ed the Rappahannock at Kelly's ford
at 6 a. m.. driving the enemy's pickets
back toward Brandy Station, on the
railroad, where two regiments of Stu
art's troopers were In line supported
by three guns. Davies' men were
checked by the fire, and he brought
up two guns, with which the enemy's
pieces were soon silenced.
Kilpatrick ordered Davies to make
a detour through the woods and nttack
in the direction of Culpeper. The Con
federates encountered on the new
route were driven back to the court
house, where Davies found his ad
vance disputed by another large force
of cavalry supiorted by three guns.
Bringing up n battery to shell Stuart's
line. Davies sent la two battalions of
the Second New York cavalry on a
In front of the charging troopers
were a ravine and a creek with a steep
hill and a rocky road on the other side.
The road was swept by shells, but the
line dashed forward gallantly up to
the muzzles of the guns
The high-priced merchant and 75 percent profit
takers in the clothing business have been working
their Flim-Flam long enough. But yours truly, for
one, won't let them get away with it.
I Make a Hit When I Say
That the Suit or Overcoat
I Make to Your Measure at
Costs You $25.00 to $30.00 In Look-for-the-label-magazme
- advertised - pretty - picture - ready - mades.
Bunches of expense and packs of charge accounts
force them to boost the prices sky high.
I can teach the imitation tailors some fine points of
the game also when it comes to Clever Class Over
Including Kerseys, Meltons, Plaids, Blacks and Chinchillas.
Ask About FVe
ROCK ISLAND, 1825 Second Ave.
M0LINE, 507 Fifteenth St.
lfi H foil .HmH HrW.
of an engineeiing
cf the fort, and the channel anil honeh I
were then exposed in n glare of lighLJ sabors onl-v- ti;e Nw Yovkrs drnve
The garrisons ut the several fort3' ; out the cannoneers and captured two
opened fire on the attacking ,nrty j Pieces, together with twenty men anJ
which was lu command of Lieutenant- j an oC5cer
me capture or tne guns, wnicn De-
Even the remotest towns In Japan
have their moving picture shows, and
in large cities they seem to be nearly
as plentiful as on this side of the Pa
clfle. In Yokohama there is a wholn
street of the in. and, as the program of
each is endless and each picture is an
nounced in huge symbols on a separato
variegated banner flying from a tall
bamboo pole, the aspect of Theater
Using their ) street is startiiugly unique. The pic
tures illustrating tlie sensational points
of the programs above the entrances
end at their sides have a certain
quaiutness about thein. which is ac
centuated by the fact that they are all
originals, uot mere stereotyped adver-
A boat from the Powhatan
na tided by Williams.- end one filled
with marines under Lieutenant C. II. I
Federal Signals Go Wronj.
Slevens' party was formed in two
divisions, one under his own leader
ship and the other commanded lj
JJeutenant Francis J. Higginsou (late:
a rear admiral of the navy). Iligirhi
son's boats were to move around I'o-.
fcumter as a feint while the other f".
vldrtn made a direct assault. A t;.
kauled the boats tip a far a the cl; .
Bel would allow and then a s!itii::1
(:iren to Illggiiisoti to umve out
errand. The signal was followed
nearly all the boats In Stevens' c::
ion. end as they could not be ree:
cl without alarming the enemy in i:
fort the whole column et out a hea': i
time, losing the benefit of Higgiusi '
frffort. As the boats neared Sumter th-v
wer. hailed loudly from the walls, but
made uo reply. A rocket shot i:p into
the air from the parapet and instantly
the harbor was alive with shriek::';
roJct;le from the batteries all ar-mnd
the fort. The Confederate garrison
was not only ready. iui awaiting the
attack, aud the Mipportlug forts, bat
teries and fhlp were alert.
Dnbigreu's decision to attack had
Leen hastily made, and the order for
the party to assemble bad been sent
out by signals from the flagship to the
feet, asking for a boatload of men
! Bradford got the lend la the rush. The j
i Confederate guns at Moultrie and John- i
! s'Mi. across tlie channel, as well as
j those on the Chicora showered the
boats and tlie narrow bench around the
fort with canister and shells.
Hand Grenades and Fire Balls.
Tie result Is described In Lieutenant
Williams' report: "The enemy sunk or
disabled all my boats by shot or by
bricks thrown from, the walls. Finding
it impossible to get over the walls. I
ordered the men to shelter themselves
'n the holes made by our shells. The
enemy kept up a constant fire on ns,
throwing hand grenades, bricks, fire
balls and other missiles among us.
"Hoping something might be done j
for our relief. I would not surrender,!
com-1 tery' pnve IJi,v,e, '0"ti"0' "f Culpeper. tisements printed in raw colors. The
i dui as ne pusueu on alter tne retreat- -getas" or wooden sandals of the spec-
lng enemy his line encountered an- tators nre d?pcslted on a rack before
fTMtff" Iiiitrurv nnutuil li 1 1 - 1.- m-rui-ltf '
but some of the men from Lieutenant
rraarora s onnr. ne naving neen mor- i
tally wounded iu landing, surrendered
were ordered around on the left
to come Into the fort. I stopped these
nd ordered them under the walls
Soon finding that I was only losing my
men without gaicing anything, on a
consultation with the officers I surren
dered and was frhown inside the fort.
I whew? we were courteously treated by
Admiral Dahlgren watched the at
tack from a boat la the distance and
near the railroad. Stuart iu persou
was directing the fight Davies sent
the Fifth New York on a charge
against the guns, but the ground in
front was broken, and when the Hue
truck the crest of the hill it was at
tacked by superior numbers and forc
ed back. Kilpatrick quickly galloped
to the head of the discomfited troopers
aud. rallying them, led on through a
heavy fire toward the battery. Davies
led up his own regiment the Second
New York, to support the Fifth, and
both regiments dashed into the wood
Fearing a second repulse, Davies
called up the First West Virginia cav
alry, which bad Ju.st been supplied
witli the Spencer repeating rifle, a
Weapon which became a favorite with
the cavalry. The West Virginians had
not fired a shot that day and sprang
from their saddles with a will. Rush
ing into the woods, the fresh troops
turned the tide with their rapid fire,
and the whole line moved forward
again. Stuart withdrew his guns and
retreated to the Hnpidan. On the
morning of the I !th the troopers in
blue and gray scowled at one another
across that barrier. The Federal cav
alry bad taken Culpeper and cleared
the country between the two rivers of
WOOUS . tha t-ntrfinri tt n mfi-!n nirtnre uliow.
for where other1 people take off their
hats the Japanese leave their shoes.
Basketball was the invention of one
man and was completed at a single
sitting. InlSDl.in the course of a lec
ture at the Young Men's Christian as
sociation In" riainfield. Mass.. the lec
turer spoke of the mental processes of
Invention and used a game, with its
limitations and necessities, as an Illus
tration. James Nnismitn. who was a
member of the class, worked out bas
kethall that same night as an ideal
game to meet tlie case. It was pre
sented the nest day in the lecture room
and put in practice with the aid of
the members of the gymnasium. From
there it spread to other branches of the
Young Men's Christian association and
subsequently to athletic clubs and the
general public New York Press.
FACTS AE0UT BABIES.
but in very little of It. so thnt most of
your wet body Is out of the water on
account of the heat of your body being
taken to evaporate the water? The
baby suffers much worse on account
of that same big proimrtion of surface.
"But I find one encouraging thing In
this peculiar geometrical problem of
the human form. I find that If a dress
ts made for my little daughter two
feet high and one for her mother five
feet high, it takes only one-sixth the
cloth to do it, although the dresses
xere made In exactly" the same style."
Lawrence Hodges In Chicago Be
Important to Him.
An old lady was telling her grand
children about some trouble in Scot
land in the course of which the chief
of her clan was behe.nded. "It was
nae great thing of a head, to be sure."
aid the good old lady, "but it waa a
ad loss to him."
All the news all the time The Argus.
DRIVES RHEUMATIC PAINS AWAY,
FEW DOSES RELIEVE BACK
ACHE AND BLADDER
Milwaukee Scores of mothers.
learning that a child had been killed
'in an automobile accident, crowded the
! ccunty morgue until Mrs. Michael Gos
I tcmski identified the victim as her
i daughter. Mary, aged 12. The girl had
beeu killed by the car of Fred Beyer-
It is a fact that the momer.t Eesinol
Ointment touches itching skins, tiie
itching stop and healing beg;'.- U ith
the aid of Ilcsittol !oap, it a; -t al
ways dears away all trace of eczema,
ringworm, pimples, blackhead, or
other tormenting, unsightly eruption
quickly, leaving the 6in clear and
And t!is best cf it ;a yott nel never
hesitate to use L:sinoI t-oap and Kosi
nol Ointment. There is nothing in them
to injure tli temlerc-it surface. Kesi
unl is a doctor's r.rejcription which for
eighteen years hus Lcpn used by care
ful physicians for all kinds of akin af
fections. They prcscril Kesinol fre
ly, confident that its soothing, healing
action is brought about by medication
bo bland and gentle as to be suited to
the most dclicato or irritated skin
even of a tiny bby.
Itiaol is sold fy practically every
c'mgffist in the United States, but you,
can prove t our evpcnss what it will
do fr you. Writs today to Dept. lf,
P.isinol, Baltimore, Mi, cid V.e wi'l
end yoa by parcel post a bHeral lri.it
of Resinol Ointment and Resinol Soap.
rnonry come with declining years, need
r.o longer be a source of dread aud
misery to those who are past the mid
dle age of life.
C'roxcnc relieves all such disorders
because it reaches the very cause of
Some That Surprised and One That
Pleased the Professor.
"I never knew before I had one."
said the" profensor of physics to hla
bachelor assistant. "Just how closely
our science could be applied to a baby.
I bave been astounded at the following
"As two similar bodies vary in weight
as the cubes of their dimensions, I find
that a baby two feet long should weigU
Just about, one-slsteenth of a man five j
feet high; also that, as the surfaces of
two similar bodies vary as the square
of their dimensions, a baby as before
wouid bave about one-sixth the sur
face of the tnnn. So the extent of sur
face proportional to weight in the baby
is vastly greater than in the adult. In !
fact, a square foot of the baby's skin
would shield Ju.st one-third tlie sub- j
stance of what a square foot would on -an
"Arguing from this and knowing;
that the rate of cooling of a solid de j
nntiila n lha artant nf iirfnr t ffimift I
aicker when exposed to n fire
man: also, as any living body
er in temperature than the surrounding I ti
air and has to lose heat continually I fj
the rate of loss depending on the sur- j t
face it is readily seen that n baby, lu
order to keep up normal temperature. '
has to furnish more beat lu pioportior; j
to its weight than ui!!li. and'therefcrv
bas to eat more lu proportion t it ,
weight than man. To prove that a
baby gives ot:t an enormous amo'.ir .
of her.t. keep the heat from escaping
by wrapping a heavy blanket around -it
In a baif an hour the temperature!
under the cover will lie almost unbear I
able to the band, and the baby wi.i b ,P
fornd covered with went ;y
Tl-e s?Mne knotty f-rtb!env t-otnea rt IK
when :!... baby u U thed. You knorrlt'
yourself bow cool you feel wden "u;i N
Lathe in a cold room la warm water, j
OLD FOLKS FIND CROXOI RELIEVES
ALL KIDNEY AND BLADDER MISERIES
Sleep disturbing bladder weaknesses.
backache, rheumatism, and the many j
other kindred ailments which ho com-1 how Ion? you have suffered, Croxone
erly. It neutralizes and dissolves the
poisonous uric acid substances that
lodge In the Joints and muscles, caus
ing rheumatism; and makes the kid
neys filter and sift out the poisonous
waste matter from the blood and drive
it out of the system.
It matter not how old you are or
Is bo prepared that it Is practically 1m
pebsifrio to take it without results.
There is nothing else like it. It starts,
to work immediately and more than a
few doses are seldom required to re
lieve even the most chronic, obBtlnate
the trouble. It soaks right into the i case.
kidneys, through the walls and lln-j An original package costs but a trifle
Inge; cleans out the little filtering i and all druggists are authorized to re
glands and cells, and givsn. Uie kidneys j turn the purchase price if Croxone
new strength to do their work prop- J should fail in a single case. '(Adv.)
i than a ! u
t high-: ef
How About That Overcoat
Does It Need a New Collar?
We make a specialty of new velvet collars and new
linings. We also do steax cleaning' and pressing. Bring
that overcoat in and have it fixed up before the cold
weather 3ets in. - We will make it as good as new.
Griggs Tailoring Company
R 1708J3 Second Ave. Kock Island. 111.