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THE ROCK ISLAND ARGUS. TUESDAY. MAY 26, 1914.
HOME RULE WON
ii AFTER 44 YEARS
? Parnell the First Parliamentary
2 Leader to Bring: the Irish
-1 Question to the Front.
IREDMOND KEEPS UP FIGHT
Conditions Provoking tho Movement
" Oat Back to the Beginning of
rThe formal beginning of the Irish
Taome rule movement dates from May
1879. when an association was
Iformed In Dublin for the purpose of
obtaining for Island the right and priv
ilege of managing her own affairs by a
national parliament, which should con
sider all matters relating to her In
eternal affairs, and control Irish re-
-obligation of paying a Just proportion
:of the Imperial expenditure.
. In 1873 there was a reorganization
-and the Home Rule league was the
awteome. In 1874 Charles Stewart
-Parnell became the leader of the move-
Mnpnt, and later radicalized it and the
."Party by putting himself at the head
at the Irish Land league In 1889.
t.-It la true that conditions provoked
AHe movement date back: to the begin-
-ning of the last century. Since 1155
'Ireland has been a dependency of Eng-
Hand. English viceroys ruled at Dublin
auid English troops have kept the peace,
although for many years the Irish had
ihelr own parliament and managed
thelr domestic affairs. With the act of
tiaion in 1800 the Irish parliament was
Pitt refused to consider the ques
tion, and it waa said that the parlia
ment that passed the bill for its own
destruction waa bribed. The name of
Daniel O'Connell is almost sacred In
the hearts of most Irishmen for the
efforts he made to have the&ct f un
ion repealed. When that movement
failed in 1843 hostility to British rule
passed from the field of constitutional
exertion to that of violence and revo
lution. Gladstone Brings Hope.
After years of conspiracy and crime
the concessions of Gladstone "brought
hope to all seeking political freedom.
In 1875 Charles Stewart Parnell of
mixed English. Irish and American an
cestry, lifted the cause out of the
tough of despond bv a policy of ob
struction in parliament
The nationalists united in 1882 with
the conservatives In overthrowing the
Irish Home Rule Bill Provisions
The Irish home rule bill, which was introduced In the house of com
mons April 11. 1912. afad which passed the house for the third time yester
day, will become law whether the house or loras assent or nou n contains
the following provisions:
a .on nf i ft mombera and a house of commons of 164 members, of
which Ulster Is to have 69 and the universities 2.
ThA nonaie ia to be comoosed of nominated members. In the first in-
BtnincA the lmoerial executive Is to control the nominations with a view to
.uurinr the reoresentatlon of the minority. The nominations are to be for
a fixed term, and as the members retire by rotation the vacancies will be
filled by the Irish executive.
There will be no religious bar and the executive will hold office for
fTH term The authority of the executive Is to be coextensive with . the
The 164 representatives are to be elected by the existing constituencies.
but no constituency la to have fewer than 27,000 Inhabitants.
- The Irish parliament cannot legislate on peace or war, navy, army or
any naval or military force, , forelgnrelatlons, trade outside Ireland, coin
age or legal tender.
It cannot make afar law either directly or Indirectly to establish or
endow any religion or prohibit the frree evxercise thereof, or give a prefer
ence, privilege or advantage or Impose any disability or disadvantage on ac
count of religious belief or religious or ecclesiastical status, or make any
religious belief or religious ceremony a condition of the validity of any mar
Temporary restrictions are placed on 'legislation, on land purchase, old
age pensions, national insurance, labor exchanges, royal Irish constabulary.
Dostofflce and other savings banks and friendly societies.
The Irish constabulary is to be automatically transferred to the Irish
government after six years and power given to the -Irish parliament to de
mand the transfer of the old age pensions and insurance act to its control
on giving a year's notice to the Imperial government.
The Irish parliament is debarred from altering the home rule bill or the
nower to appeal to the privy council.
The executive remains Invested in the sovereign or in bis representative.
Forty-two members still will be sent from Ireland to the house of com
The judicial committee of the privy council Is to give the final decision
as to the constitutional validity of any act passed by the Irish parliament.
The Irish exchequer is to defray the cost of the Irish administration, ex
cept for reserved services mentioned above.
The imperial exchequer will pay an annual sum to the Irish exchequer,
starting at $2,500,000. and eventually, after six years, becoming a permanent
payment of $1,000,000 annually.
The collection of all taxes Is to remain In the imperial service, .and
they will be paid into the Imperial exchequer, which is to pay over to the
Irish executive an amount equivalent to the expenditure on Irish services at
the time of the passing of the act. 1
The Irish parliament is to have power to reduce or to discontinue the
imperial taxes excepting the income tax and the stamp and estate duties.
It will also have power to alter the excise duties, but except In the case of
beer and spirits it is debarred fromaddlng to the customs duties anything
which will give a greater increase than 10 per cent
The lord lieutenant of Ireland is to have the power to veto or suspend
any bill on the instruction of the imperial executive.
Gladstone government. Parnell thus
became master of a solid legion of 88
men in eternal opposition to whatever
party was ia power, lie had the bal
ance of power so well that April 8,
1886. Gladstone in his third premier
ship introduced a bill conceding the
principle of a separate parliament for
Ireland. That bill was defeated by a
majority of 30 June 8. 1886; and the de
cision was confirmed on a dissolution
of parliament and an appeal to the
Gladstone introduced a second home
rule bill in his fourth premiership Feb.
13, 1893, and after debate extended to
Sept. 1, it passed itg third reading by
a small majority, but was incontinently
i ' V
i When Coffee
The experience will be like that of thousands who
have ignored the fact that coffee contains a habit-forming"
drug, caffeine about 2 Va grains to the ordinary cup.
Some say, "Coffee doesn't hurt ME," and SEEM to get
on with it for a time. But there are few persons who
can use coffee as a routine daily beverage and .not tome-
time feel its effects headache, nervousness, indiges
tion, biliousness, sleeplessness, heart trouble, or some
f other1 discomfort.
; Thousands have found relief
t by stopping coffee and using
I ' A delicious table beverage made only from whole
I wheat and a small per cent of molasses, POSTUM con-
5 tains the nourishment of the irrain. lnelndinir the eaaen.
. I tial mineral salts (phosphate of potash, etc.), but is posi-
tively free from the drug, caffeine, or any other harmful
Postum now comes in two forms:
REGULAR POSTUM. must be well boiled 19c and
INSTANT. POSTUM a soluble form requires
boiling 30c and 50o tins.
The cost per cup of both kinds is about the same.
rejected by the house of lords by a
vote of 419 to 41.
Gadstone resigned in March, 1894,
Mid Lord Rosebery resumed the pre
miership professing adherence to home
rue, but doing nothing for It during her
ministry, which came to an end in
Parnell's power waned in 1890. al
though he was chosen again as leader,
end his great fighting machine was
rent asunder and warring factions pre
vented (progress. After his death in
1891 the warring camps were brought
Into more harmonious relations, with
John Redmond as chairman of the na
tionalists. In 1898 a local government bill was
introduced that became a law in 1899,
but it was not what the Irish People
had demanded. It simplified the rent
problem, provided for land purchase.
and was meant to ameliorate economic)
conditions. The purpose of those back
of the measure was said to be to kill
home rule by kindness. Public agita
tion bad almost ceased when the Boer
war broke outThat brought the Irish
factions together under John Redmond.
Fresh demands were made for home
rule and in the elections of 1900 tha
Irish party had a large following, but
for some years failed to force present
ation of a new bill
Late In 1910 Mr. Redmond visited tha
United States and obtained promises
of $200,000 to further the home rule
campaign. Parliament had been dis
solved Nov. 28, and la the campaign
during December Lloyd-George de
clared that a home rule bill would be
introduced at the first available mo
ment and that it would not merely ex-
AS GIRL'S SLAYER
Aurora Grand Jury Holds Him
for Hollander Murder
KNIFE CHIEF EVIDENCE
State Has Witnesses Who Disprove
' Statements Made by Mar
TELL HOW THEY LIVED ON HARDTACK AND
BOOT LEATHER WHILE COMPANIONS DIED
Aurora, HI., May -26. Tony Petras,
former sweetheart of Theresa Hollan
der, who was clubbed to death in St
Nicholas cemetery the night of Feb.
16, was indicted yesterday by the Kane
county grand jury.
Petras, who has steadily maintained
his innocence, has been out for al
most three months on $10,000 bail ob
tained largely through the efforts of
his young wife.- He was surrendered
by his counsel last-night and locked
up. State's Attorney Tyers will op
pose1 the granting of new bail. The
trial is set for June 1.
Grand jurors said they voted unani
mously to hold Petras as the slayer,
although no person who saw the crime
committed or heard .any one scream
has been found.
The tracing of an old shiny knife
found In the graveyard ear where
Mls Hollander's body lay in the snow
to the bouse of A. C. Mathews, where
Petras boarded before he married
Mathews' daughter, was considered by
the police as the best evidence offered
the grand jury- This knife was lost
by Frank Darrimont of Chicago, three
years ago, and was found at Peoria,
111., by Earl Mathews, now dead,
son of Petras' father-in-law.
The elder Mathews took the knife,
together with other personal effects of
his son, to his house. The knife was
identified by the widow of Earl Math
ews and her sister, who picked it out
of a score of other blades.
beveral other witnesses said they
had seen Petras with a small penknife,
description fitting that of the one
found In the graveyard, while Petras
told the police, they say, that a large
knife found upon him when he was ar
rested was the only one he ever had.
Blood found c!n her husband's un
derclothing was explained by Mrs.
Petras as being several days old.
Petras' Defense Contested.
The state had upward of 26 witness
es who disputed the statements Petras
made as to his movements the night
or tne murder and conversations they
naa naa witn mm, as to Miss Hollan
der. Among those were Mr. and Mrs.
read the first time under the staadine
oraer aenarring debate. June 9 it was
given a second reading and passed the
following day without division. July 8
it passed the third reading. July 15
it came again before the lords and
again was voted down.
Threats of a revolution in Ulster for
a time menaced the plans of the gov
ernment, but .Mr. Asquith soon seemed
to be winning in a most remarkable
campaign. April 6 the bi- for the
third time was given its second read
ing in the house and was passed finally
Parcel Post Delivered
You don't need to come
to town to get Bon
bons and Chocolates and
the many other good things
from that we carry.
Drop us a line as to what
you want and well ship
it at once by parcel post.
have so long been recog
nized cs the standard of
quality in sweets that their
appreciation can only be
increased by the ease with
which they are secured.
We have packages
to suit every preference
Look for tha Red tjt0 Sign
Sf&? Sales Ageflk
Ak fur &r Baking mni Codtfng
Checuiats at poor grocer's
Robert Here (top) and Peter Belanger.
Halifax, N. H.. May 26. No tale of
the sea has ever been written which
excels in horror the one brought in
by the four survivors of the fifteen
sailors who abandoned the S. S. Co
lumbian when that vessel was burning
on May 3. The four reached this city
in a most pitiable condition. One of
them, Chief Officer Robert Tiere, was
so badly frozen it may be necessary to
amputate his feet. The other three,
who are making good recoveries, are
Seamen Peter Belanger and Oscar
Kendal and Fireman Ludwigsen.
'The Columbian was blown up by
an explosion in the cargo," explained
Tiere, who, is an Englishman, about
twenty-two. "There was no time to
get navigating instruments, clothing
or provisions. The men tumbled into
the boat just as they stood. This was
in the early morning of May 4. The
next day we saw a steamer's light, but
she passed us while we were adrift,
but evidently they didn't see us.. We
had no dry matches to light a signal.
"As day after day passed the expos
ure began to tell on the men. - We
started with some dry biscut crumbs.
These gave out. For several days we
had been chewing boot leather. For
tunately it rained a good deal and that
helped us allay our thirst, but the men
were at the point of drinkingsea wa
ter, they were so crazy with suffering.
"When we realized that the Seneca
had seen us and was making for us
we were too weak to be cheered by the
prospect, and the men were so far
gone they could scarcely,- hold the
Among the eleven men who died
of exposure and starvation was Peter
Triel. Death came to him after the
rescue ship Seneca had been sighted
and while the oarsmen were making a
feeble effort to row in her direction.
Triel, Just before ho died, told his
mates he had dreamed 6f being four
teen days afloat and then being picked
up. It was just two weeks from the
time the little boat left the Columbian
until it was sighted by the Seneca.
ties stop bena hyfac
and chaek ttwgrowtbaf
jrooncr birds. Taa emn
aaxilr t rid of all Ev
T- vannta with
and aava money. Aim tha beat fnaeeti.
eida for doc, cats, piaata and flowata.
Befoa anbatitiKea; toawt oo PratU.
SttancuflB uavuiMQ or noocj imci
r CM Pratt 10 vaaa Poultr Book
old ui camatecd tr B.C, Beaaa
Back latum. IIL S33S
Liquor Permit For New Hotel
Members of the city council gave out
the following statement relative to
saloon license belnsr Issued to the new
tend self-government on Ireland, but Blackhawk hotel: "Prior to the sa
would aim at reconstructing the impe- loon cut in July, 1913, the Blackhawk
rial machinery In such a way as to hotel people bought the license of
free parliament from details which I Morgan, then operating in the old
could be dispatched better in the dis- Saratoga hotel, paying the sum of $900
tricts concerned. I for the permit etnd the stock. Without
Middle Ground Souaht. cost they allowed a man by the name
Ma uM ik. ,k, oi wuson. wno naa Deea Danenaer lor
,"?h ace under thIr IIcMseT In order to
Iriah nationalists and not too radical
for the English liberals, to say nothing
make as little hardship as possible up
on the saloonkeepers to be put out of
There's a mightj army of POSTUM users
the number is steadily growing and
There's a Reason
of the other knotty problems involved business, the last council asked the
in K, as, lor example, the Status Under Blackhawk Hotel wimnanv to fttvn tin
home rule of Protestant Ulster, where thai- iin.a i
.V,.. nlU 1.1.1 - . .... . - . "J
w ua .v, wBB u.ner.y nosuie to It. tuDn. to issue them a new one when
Jrwvrcn. 111. tne Cabinet fhAV vna lv fnr It Th Tt1a1r.
tunoiuoreu a scneme to be Dresented. I hawk- r-nmnanv MioorfiiMv uvaitPi) In
and late in October Mr. Blrrell. chief the rtouMt inasmuch an thv hv
lo n Iora lieutenant of Ire- already purchased a permit and have
ami. ia tne government would do the paid $900 for the same, we feel It
Dest to meet the demands of the Iriah would be unfair to m&Jte them nur.
ievpie eany tne next year. While prom- chase another one at this time." Sev-
ismg to nave the bla presented in Feb. era! aldermen who were interviewed.
ruary or March, the Ulster Protestants I stated they had not knowledge of the
continued agitation against any propo- reopening of the saloon quesUon and a
sition looking to home rule. revision of the list of those who are
Mr. Asquith Introduced the Dromlsed to go out of business. They stated
t,!. A J 1 naa I . a .
u.n Apni a, ivia unaer tne official I tney wouia strenuously oppose any
title. "The Government of Ireland Bill." such attempt.
Th) first reading was carried in the
uuu" commons Apm l oy 360 To edo Man la Secretary of V.
against 296. a majority of 94. A crowd- Edward T. Heald. assistant secretary
ed meeting of nationalists at Dublin of the V. M. C. A. at Toledo. Ohio, is
April 23 was addressed by Redmond.
Dillon and others and confidence voted
In the government proposals. The sec
ond reading was carried May 9 by a
vote of 372 to 271. and June 11 it went
Amendments Are Rejected.
Amendments to exclude from opera
tion of the measure four Ulster coun
ties were rejected.
Alter parliament reassembled an
amendment providing for the principle
of proportional representation in the
election of members to the Irish sen
ate after five years was passed
the new secretary of the Davenport
Y. M. C. A. He will take charge of
the work here as successor to Mott R.
Sawyers. June 8. The new secretary
comes with high recommendations and
was selected by the board of directors
of the local institution out of a large
number of applicants. The new secre
tary has a large number of friends in
the trl-clties. his wife being formerly
Miss Emily Alnswortb, daughter of
Charles A Ins worth, president of Dl
mock. Gould & Co. of Mollne. Before
taking charge as assistant secretary at
Toledo, where be has specialized fa
the membership and social depart
ments. Mr. Heald was In charge of as-
& Commercial National bank of Chi
cago and J. B. Forgan of the First Na
tional bank of Chicago by supporting
either one or the other for a position
on the federal reserve board of the
Chicago district. Both the First Na
tional and Iowa National banks may
nominate for this office, both having
made applications to come under the
provisions of the currency law under
hich the board is formed. Both of
the Chicago bankers, who are regard
ed as the strongest of the candidates
there, are asking support of all the
ba!nks in the federal reserve district
and each is making a hard fight for
Stolen Letter Causes Arrest Martin
Specht, who rooms at 518 Main street,
ate a hearty meal and decided to write
a letter home. He penned the epistle
and placed therein the sum of 7in
bills,1 after which he fell asleep. When
he awoke several hours later he dis
covered that the letter had mysterious
ly disappeared and called the police.
John Schaeffer, the landlord. William
SchaelTer, Jr., and Mrs. A. Anderson
were escorted to the station together
with the complaining witness. In po
lice court it developed that there had
been considerable drinking about the
house that afternoon and that every
one's memory seemed to be a trifle
cloudy as to events which took place.
Specht was fined fl and costs as was
Co. B To Have Sham Battle Com
pany B is to engage In a sham battle
at Walcott next Sunday morning. May
31, marching there the afternoon of
Decoration day, next Saturday, and re-i
turning Sunday afternoon. The militia.
under command of Capt Dan F. Evers
and mustered to its full strength of
64 men, will leave Davenport at 1
o'clock and march the 13 M miles to
Walcott. arriving there between S and
6 o'clock in the afternoon. Arriving
at Walcott the company will camp In
the park over night.
Milwaukee Public museum, and the
meetings were held in its new and
beautiful million dollar building. Mr.
Putnam read a paper at the convention
on the organization of American city
museums, in which he made a study
of the museums and art galleries now
found in American cities of different
sizes. S. J. Temple attended the con
vention, representing the art commit
tee of the Davenport Academy of Sci
ence, as well as the Iowa chapter of
the American Institute of Architects.
Good Samaritan Is False Alarrrv As
a good samaritan, William Alexander
is an onion. Several days ago, Mrs.
LIUian Hamilton. 646 East Eleventh
street,, was rendered a temporary
widow when her husband was removed
to St Roberts hospital. Alexander im
mediately - called and expressed ' the
hope that he might be permitted to
assist with the work, run errands or do
anything possible to help out while
the smallpox raged. Mrs. Hamilton
urchased a basket of fruit to send
out to the pest house, and as an evt-
tltnce of true sympathy, Alexander
stole same together with one of Mr.
Hamilton's best coats. To give the
job an artlBtlo finish he went next
door and stole a gold watch from the
Bishop residence. The police were
notified and shortly afterward he was
taken into custody. . He was given a
30-day sentence on a larceny charge.
Public Speaking Contest Friday
The annual Athenaen public speaking
contest, debate and playlet by the Pier
ian club will be held Friday evenfng in
the high school auditorium. This is
the annual contest open to the male;
members of the school, and a gold
medal is awarded the winner. Thar
debaters are chosen from the A then
eaia society and will debate on a well
known topic. The Pierian society as
usual donate their services to the boys'
and will present the playlet "Life at a
Mrs. Snider Honored by Woman's
Club Mrs. W. H. Snider retiring pres
ident of the Davenport Woman's clutr
who was formerly chairman of the
second district of the LF.W.a and a
delegate to the biennial of the general
federation of June and who resigned
her office as head of the district fol
lowing here election last May at the
Cedar Rapids state biennial to the
position of corresponding . secretary,
has been elected one of Iowa's dele
gates at large at the coming biennial
in Chicago. Mrs. Snider had also been
elected delegate from the Woman's
club of this city.
Finish Dredging At Renwick Dredg
ing operations have been completed at
Renwick pier by the Davis Bros.' com
pany of Rock Island, some 2,000 yards
of rubble having been removed from
the river bottom at that point The
rubble was put in seven years ago be
fore the present levee line had been
determined on. It was removed as an
obstruction to navigation at the sug
gestion of the United States govern
ment engineers. Work was com
menced on the laying of 1,400 feet of
concrete coping on the river wall from
Renwick pier westward. The coping
is three feet wide and 1,400 feet In
length, similar to that which tops the
river wall frotitlng the new park be
tween Main and Scott streets. The
levee commission has also removed tha
tool house and other equipment from
Renwick pier to the foot of Perry
street. Reclamation work will go on
rapidly at that point.
Obituary Record Mrs. Margaretha
Burkon of Bpnnett. Iowa, died at
Mercy hospital. She was 28 years old.
Mrs. Burkop, who was the daughter of
Mr. and Mrs. Jacob Sandusky of Ben
nett, was born In Jones county. Iowa
She is survived by her husband, Henry
F. Burkop, and three children, George,
Victoria and an infant daughter; her
parents, Mr; and Mrs. Jacob San
dusky; a brother, Victor Sandusky of
Bennett, a brother, Louis Sandusky of
South Dakota, and a sister. Mrs.
Martha Handley of Bennett.
Ice In the waters at the head of
Lake Superior was not over 30 Inches
thick last winter, whereas it is
usually about six feet in thickness.
Grocers everywhere sell POSTUM.
Nov. 11 the government waa checked
Dy a parliamentary taugie RrUiuS "M soclation work at Colorado college,
Of a financial resolution, uiaoruer cu rolorado Snrln. and at th. Kanaaa
to suspension of the sitting and delay atate Agricultural college a Mauhat-
ia final disposition oi me measure. tan Kan
Jan. 36, 1913, tne oiu pasaea mo
' a . I I. at
house of commons oy a majority in . k SunDOrl irl Banker
110 and was read for the first time ia oaVen port bankers have been asked
the house of lords. . May 7 it was rein-1 entpP jnfo atrurei haia-Aon
troduced in the house of oommonj and George M. Reynolds of the CoutinenUl
Pick Twelve to Have Free Trio
iweive members or the Davennort
Skat club who have won the greatest
number of games and scored the high
est number of points have been chosen
Dy tne prise committee and will be
given a tree trip to the national tourna
ment to be held at Milwaukee June
13-16. The 12 to be given the free trip
are: H. p. Oetamann. Claus M. Kuehl.
Fred Kunkel. J. P. Mass, Paul Berndt,
Fred Sleh. Michael Kuhnen, Phil Rein
brecht. Henry Huss. Ben Warnken.
Anton Moormann, Emil Fellner.
Attend Meeting of Museum Men
Edward K. Putnam and J. 11. Paar
mann have returned from Milwaukee
and Chicago, where they represented
the Davenport Academy of Sciences
at the ninth ' annual meeting of the
American Association of Museums.
Tuesday and Wednesday of last week
the conventioa was. the guest of the!
MjbS frying pan and 4 I
Him TTa .i ; filter
I1P x or grease. It cleans everything. lkyCOl
l IT i Re and larger packages. i-TlMh
K v- '' CH1CA0 7MflS
llllAv ' th 0010 dust iimS9