Newspaper Page Text
TEBOCJ MARCH. 4, 1889.
HE following list
liwtwaw" I K 100 names w
th8 Pidnt, and,
following in the order
here given, tha (1a tea
of their birth, popular election, election
by completion of doctoral count or
bouse of representatives, inauguration,
retirement and death. In the case of
the four -lre presidents who succeeded their
deceased chiefs, the date of their assuming
the office U given, a that of their formal in
auguration was of course the same as that of
George Washington PU 22, 1733. No
common date in states for popular election.
April 6, 1780; April 30, 1789; March 4, 1TOT;
Deo. 14, 1799.
John AdamsOct. 19, 1735; Nov. 8, 1796;
Feb. 8, 1797; March 4, 1797; March 4, 1801;
July 4, 182a
Thomas Jefferson April a, 1748. No elec
tion by popular vote in 1800; elected by
v house Feb. 17, 1801; March 4, 1801; March 4,
1809; July 4, 1820.
James Madison March 18, 1751; Nov. 8,
1808; Feb. 8, 1S09; March 4, 1800; March 4,
1817; June 33, 1836.
James Monroe April 36, 17.58; Nov. 8,
ISO; Feb. 12, 1S17; March 4, 1S17; March 4,
1621; July 4, 1S31.
John Quincy Adams July 11, 1787. No
papular election in 1824; elected by house
Feb. 19, 1835; March 4, 1825; March 4, 1829;
Feb. 2S, 184a
Andrew Jackson March 15, 1767; Nov. 4.
1828; Feb. 11, 1829; March 4, 1S30; Marco 4,
18S7; June 8, 1845.
Martin Van Buren Dec. 5, 1782; Nov. 8,
1388; Fob. 8, 1337; March 4, 1837; Maroh 4,
1811; Julyt, IStB.
WllMm Henry Harrison Feb. 9, 1778;
Nov. 87 1840; Feb. 10, 1S41; March 4, 1841;
April 4, 1S4L (Death terminated o facial life.)
John Tyler March, 1790. Elected, etc.,
with Harrison; took oath as president April
6, 184L March 4, 1845; Jan. 17, IS'S.
James Enox Polk Nov. 2, 17U6; Nov. 5,
1844; Feb. 13, 1845; March 4, 1843, .'lerch 3,
1849; June 15, 1849.
Zachary Taylor Sept. 24, 1784; Nov. ?,
1848; Feb. 14, 1849; March 5, 1S49; died July
Millard Fillmore Jan. 7, 1800; elected,
etc., with Taylor; succeeded July 9, 1850;
March 4, 1853; March 8, 1374.
Franklin Piorce ov. 23, 1804; Nov. 8,
1852; Feb. 0, 1SX; March 4, 1S5U; March 4,
1857; Oct 8, ISO!).
James Buchanan April 13, 1791; Nov. 4,
1858; Feb. 11, 1857; March 4, 1857; March 4,
1861; June 1, 1808.
Abraham Lincoln Feb. 12, 1809; Nov. 8,
180; Feb. IS, 1801; March 4, 1861; Nov. 8,
1864; Feb. 8, 1865; March 4, 1865; died April
Andrew Johnson Doc. 29, 1808; elected
vice president; took oath as president April
15, 1865; March 4, 18C9; July 81, 1875.
' Ulysses Simpson Grant April 27, 1823;
Nov. 3, 1803; Feb. 10, 1860; March 4, 1869;
March 4, 1877; July 23, 1885.
Rutherford Eurchard Hayes Oct. 14, 1822;
Nov. 7, 1876; March 2, 18T7; March 5, 1877;
March 4, 1681; the only living ex-president.
James Abram Garfield Nov. 19, 1831;
Nov. 2, 1SS0; Feb. 9, lb81; March 4, 1881.
Died Sept. 19, 18SL
CLostfir Allan Arthur Oct. 5, 1630. Elected
with preceding; took oath as president Sept.
20, 1881; March 4, 1885; Nov. 18, 18S0.
Orover Cleveland March 18, 1637; Nov.
4, 1SS4; Feb. 11, 18b5; March 4, 1SBS; March
4, 18G9. " -
GEO RGB WASOIKOTOX.
On June 21, 1788, Now Hampshire ratified
the Federal constitution, being the ninth
state to do so, and on the 2d of July her
formal notification of the fact was read In
the Confederation congress. By the terms of
the constitution the ratification of nine states
mad It operative; therefore the congress,
after long debate, au the 12th of September
"That the first Wednesday in' January next
be the day for appointing electors for the
several states which before that date shall
have ratified the constitution; that the first
Wednesday in February next be the day for
the electors to assemble In the respective
states to vote for president, and that the first
Wednesday In March next be the time and
the present seat of congress the place for
commencing proceedings under the constitu
tion." Only the first part of this was carried out
on the dates designated. George Washing
ton received every electoral vote for presi
dent, and, as far as can be known, every Indi
vidual vote in the United States. But there
was no snch unanimity in the choice for rice
president, John Adams receiving little more
than a majority of the electoral votes. Owing
to the badness of the roads, and not a little
to what now seams criminal neglect, the
members of tbo first house did not assemble in
sufficient numbers to form a quorum until
the 6th of April, 1789, and on that day the
votes of the electors were opened and count
ed. Official information was Immediately
communicated to Washington and Adams
and preparations made for an impressive In
auguration. On the 14th of April Charles
Thompson, secretary of the late congress,
conveyed official notice to Washington, and
be set out at once, . bis . Journey being
a continued triumphal procession. . . .... -
As they drew near the city of New
York It was seen that oil the teasels and boat
were highly decorated and crowded with
pectators, and his progress waa accompanied
with the music of many bands, the roar of
cannon and loud acclamations of the people.
Landing at Murray wharf be wae re
celvad by the governor, corporatloa of th
city, clergy, foreign ministers and the mjjl-
tafy and escorted to his residence. On the
80th of April survive was hold in all the
churches of the city at 9 o'clock in the
morning and soon after noon the committees
of congress and heads of departments waited
upon Washington and a grand procession
was formed, the military in advance, the
committees next, then the president in a coach
accompanied by hu aid-de-camp, CoL Hum
phreys,and bis private secretary, Tobias Lear.
After them were various civil officers and
citizens. Arriving at Federal hall, they were
conducted by Marshal Webb to the senate
chamber, at the door of which the president
was formally received by Vice President
Adams, previously Inaugurated, and con
ducted to his saat Both houses of congress
occupied the senate chamber before hm
Then the vice president, addressing Washing
"Sir, tho senate and house of representa
tives of the United States are ready to attend
you to take the oath required by tho constitu
tion, which will be administered by the chan
cellor of the state of New York."
Washington responded: "I am ready to
proceed." Then they passed to the open porch
at the south end of the hall, where Chancellor
Livingston, of New York, pronounced the
oath, and Washington, holding up his right
band reverently, in a clear, strong voice,
: "I, George Washington, do solemnly swear
that I will faithfully execute the office of
president of the United States, and will, to
the best of my ability, preserve, protect and
defend the constitution of the United States."
Then kissing the book which Marshal Webb
held up to him, he added, "So help me God."
The chancellor then, turning to the people, ex
claimed In a loud voice: "Long live George
Washington, president of the United States!"
A roar of applause went up from the 80,000
or 40,000 people present, which was followed
immediately by shouts in all the adjacent
sections and the thunder of cannon. Wash
ington bowed to the assembled multitude and
returned to the senate chamber, where, both
houses and the officials being seated, he de
livered his inauguration speech. Then the
new president and the members of both
houses proceeded to St. Paul's church and
Joined in the prayers which were offered by
Dr. Provost, lately ordained bishop of the
Protestant Episcopal church in New York
and appointed chaplain of the senate.
It is scarcely possible to describe the con
trast between this scene and Washington's
second Inauguration. At the first the young
republic exhibited all the display that it
could muster. The second was very quiot
The French revolution and the negotiations
with Great Britain, the whisky insurrection
then beginning In western Pennsylvania and
the 111 fortune that had followed the opera
tions against tho Indians had roused a furi
ous party spirit in the congress. On the one
hand many publio persons were vehemently
charged with a monarchical bias, and the
opposition naturally going to the extreme,
fought against every form of state ceremony:
Mindful of these signs and the necessity of
being complacent even to the prejudices of
the people, Washington asked the opinions of
bis cabinet concerning tho forms to be used.
Jefferson and Hamilton, who seldom agreed
in anything, agreed in advising bin?
that be shook! take the oath of office
privately at his own house, and that
a certificate of that fact should be de
posited in the state department. Znoxand
Randolph protested, insisting that the cere
mony should be in public, but without any
ostentatious display. At the cabinet meeting
on the 1st of March it was decided that the
oath should be administered by Judge dish
ing of the supreme court of the United States
in the senate chamber exactly at noon, and
"that the president shall go without form, at
tended by such gentlemen as be shall choose,
and return without form, except that he be
preceded by the marshal," the responsibility
being thus largely thrown upon Washington..
He rode from his residence to the congress
hall in bis private cream colored coach,
drawn by six horses, preceded by the mar
shal, as proposed, ami, accompanied by a very
large concourse of citisens, entered" the
senate chamber end In the presence of both
houses of congress, beads of the departments,
foreign ministers and as many spectators as
could find room, he rose and said:
"Fallow Citizens: I am called upon by the
votes of my country to execute the functions
of its chief magistrate. When the occasion
proper for It shall arrive, I shall endeavor to
express the high svnse I entertain of this dis
tinguished honor and of the confidence which
has been reposed in me by the people of the
United States of America. Previous to the
execution of any official act of the president,
the constitution requires an oath of office.
This oath I am now about to take in your
presence, so that if it shall be found during
my administration of the government I have
In any instance violated, willingly or know
ingly, the injunction thereof, I may, besides
Incurring constitutional punishment, be sub
ject to the upbraiding . of all who are now
witnesses of this solemn ceremony. "
: ."I I '.. JOBW ADAMS. . I ' " ' '
It would seem that the young republio ex
hausted Its taste and capacity for ceremonial
display at the first inauguration, for the con
trast between that and several suoceecUkg
wM 3mD3t ludicrous.". Furthermore, a great
deal of the pomp and pageantry of Washing
ton's administration, ' the gilded coach , with
coat, of rmi cd the panel, the-six white
horses, the i naif court dress and all that sort
of thing rapidly -disappeared. The country
was rapidly growing more democratic. '
, On the 8th of February, 1797, John Adams,
acting aa vice president opened! and counted
the yotos.'whuih made bun" president, an
nouncing that there were for him 71, for
Thomas Jefferson 69, for Thomas Pinckney
late minister to Great Britain $9, for Aaron
Burr BOrSamnel Adams 15, Oliver. Ellsworth
11, George Clinton 7, John James Iredell 3,
George Washington JVJphn Jting 2, Bamuel
Johnson 8, and. Charles C. Pinckney L t
On the, 4th ' of March Mr.; Jefferson waa
installed aa rloe preetdent .early In tha morn
ing, and took his seat aa president of the sen
ate. - With "them fc proceeded fothe repre
sentetivet,;iJltndd, by' the members
and large aodisooe of ladies and gentlemen.
In front of this speaker's chafr sat Chief Jus
tice Ellsworth and Justus Costing, Wflson
ad Iredell. Soon a loud cheering was heard
rolling along one street announcing the ap
proach of Wt&hingtoa and the president
elect As the entered the hall the audience
arose and grwtod them with enthusiastic
cheers. Washington, when they had reached
their seats, road a brief valedictory. All
the writers of that timo described the scene
as singularly impressive and affecting.
After Washington Mr. Adams arose,
took the oatli of office, and at once de
livered his inaugural It was noted that
when he cone uded and Washington loft the
ball, nearly aL the vast audience, and even
the members, 1 oil owed him, and the now pres
ident was lft almost alone. And that even
ing the merchants of Philadelphia testified
their love for Washington by a splondid
banquet and other entertainments. -
It is rather curious that a matter so recent
and so fully described as the inauguration of
Thomas Jeffei -son should have been the sub
ject of so mu ;h discussion. We now know
that it was thiiutention that he should pro
ceed in tho us nil state that is, in a carriage
with four or ax horses to the Capitol, pre
ceded by the marshal and followed by
whatever c ic societies should volun
teer; but s a matter of fact his
carriago did aot arrive, and so he rode on
horseback, with only moderate state, and en
tered the scnati chamber attended by tho beads
of the departni ants, the marshal of the District
of Columbia, 1 is officers and other officials.
In the last year of John Adams administra
tion Wahingtsn city had become the seat of
government Early in the morning on the
4tb of March, IS01, Aaron Burr took the oath
of office as vio president and acted as such
when the sena'e and bouse assembled to re
ceive Jeffersot. Ho vacated the chair before
Mr. Jefferson iind occupied one on the left
Chief Justice John Marshall sitting on the
right Mr. Jefferson then delivered his in
augural, after which the oath of office was
administered by the chief justice, and with
out further ceremony the crowd dispersed
and congress t d journed.
The second inauguration of Mr. Jefferson
differed little from tbo first.
On the 4Ui of March, 1809, there was a
large assemblage to witness the inauguration
of James Madison, and some circumstances
connected wit i it attracted attention, among
others the fact that Mr. Madison was clad in a
plain suit of black, all of which was of Ameri
can tuanufoctire. He wont through the cere
monies of the i lay with a solemn dignity. The
officers were seated as before, the vice presi
dent on his left, the chief justice on his right,
Mr. Joffarson accompanying him to the door.
The second ailministration of Mr. Madison
began with ainost exactly the same ceremo
nies. Jakes moxboe.
The inauguration of James Monroe, on the
4th of March, 1S17, attracted a very large
crowd, especially from Virginia and the bor
der states of t ie north. The ceremonies were
substantially 1 he same as before. As the 4th
of March, 1821, fell on Sunday, the second in
auguration of Mr. Monroe took place the next
day. The haL of the house was packed with
members and s pectators ; the city was crowded
with visitors from all parts of the country,
and the procetiion from the White House to
the Capitol wu very long and imposing.
John Q, acaxs.
On March 4, 1825, Jehn Quiucy Adams
was inaugurated as the sixth president of the
United State, and with deference to what
was supposed to be his taste, the tnarhM of
the District of Columbia, the officials and citi
zens of Washington exerted themselves to
make the ceremonial extremely imposing. A
very large boc y of citizens were In attend
ance, and the reporters of the day did not fail
to note that Mr. Adams, like Mr. Madison,
was dressed in a plain suit of black, wholly of
Amerinaa manufacture. After delivering
his inaugural, he took the oath, receiving the
congratulations of a large number of friends,
and immediately proceeded to his room and
wrote the met sage sending the names of his
cabinet to the senate. And with him ended
a great deal of the peculiar old ceremonial
connected wl h the president as with him
ended, strictly speaking, the formative, or,
as It is sometimes called, revolutionary period
of American history.
The adminh tration of Andrew Jackson was
an epoch in American history. There never
had been in Washington anything like so
large a crowd as that which was present at
the inaugurati on of J ackson.
Gen. Jackaoa delivered his inaugural and
took the oath if office at the east front of the
CapitoL The procession both to and from
the Capitol wis the longest ever seen down to
that time In : Washington. From there the
president wen: to the White House, where all
the doors wero open and no one was refused
admittance. Orange punch by barrels was
made, and in serving it palls would be up
set glasses liroken and painful confusion
caused. The opposition writers declared that
tubs.of punch were carried from the lower
story into the garden to lead off the crowd
from the room, and that men with boots
heavy with mud stood on the damask satin
covered chaii s in their eagerness to see the
president A" a subsequent levee the scene
was still moie remarkable. A prominent
dairyman had honored the occasion by send
ing Gen. Jackson an enormous cheese, the.
largest that could be manufactured and
transported; its weight was 1,400 pounds.
The cheese wis cut up and distributed to the
crowd, who rrugglcd for it, dropped it, trod
It into the cai pets and thereby ruined them.
The condition of the White House is described
by a writer of the day aa that of a republican
palace which bad Just passed through an ob
stinate and protracted siege and been sacked
by the victorious enemy. The ovents of
Jackson's fir it administration, the furious
contest of 1S2, the nullification excitement
of the next whiter and the proceedings of
that winter i a congress, made the beginning
of his second administration as exciting and
interesting o. the first Not quite so large a
crowd was it. attendance and the ceremonies
were almost i lentical with those of 1829.
MA.RT1H VAN BCIUUT.
Tho inauguration of Martin Van Buren on
the 4th of Mtrch, 1837, was a comparatively
tame affair, 1 ut he, like all subsequent presi
dents, followed the example of Jackson In
speaking from the east front of tbo Capital.
The oath of c ffice was administered by Chief
WIUIAM BEKBT HAJUUSON.
. The political revolution of 1840, which
ranks with -1800 and 1833 aa the hardest
fought contest before the civil war, resulted
in theelectloiof Gen. Wfiliam Henry Har
rison, which excited so much enthusiasm
among his supporters that the crowd on the
4th of March, 1841, was very large and the
procession aid ceremonies very imposing.
Officially it as like the preceding.
' " . akw Jpnx-?5asf' ""'.V .
Tbe Inaagi ratios' of James l&nodt Polk,
eleventh pres dent of this United States, on
March 4, 1841, was not remarkable In anj
way. The day was rainy, but the crowd waa (
' ZACHARY TATLOR. " '
On the 5th of March, 1840 (for the 4th fell !
on Sunday), Zachary Taylor was inaugurated ;
without special Incident except that the '
civic display and procession was very large
and admirably arranged. In the presence of
at least 20,000 people he delivered his inaugu
ral and took the oath of office.
In like manner the inauguration of Franklin
Pierce, on the 4th of March, 1853, was without
special incident, though the crowd was large
and the procession a fine one.
J AVE 3 BUCHANAN.
On Wednesday, March 4, 1857, the presi-dent-elect
J ames Buchanan, was tho center of
a proceesion which reached almost from the
White House to the capitoL The closing of
Mr. Buchanan's administration may be re
garded as the closing of one system of admin
istering the government his successor coming
in at the beginning of the civil war, and with
him, as was fitting, began what may bo called
the system of military display at inaugura
tions. LINCOLN HARRISON. I
It is not within the propnee of this article
to set forth the portentous events Just pre
ceding the inauguration of Abraham Lin-1
coin; the fierce four sided campaign of 1SG0;
the long winter of anxiety and gloom; the
successive retirement of congressmen as seven
states seceded; the rumors of Intended assas
sination and the secret night journey of Mr.
Lincoln to Washington. Nevertheless, these
things must be borne In mind by one who
would understand the scenes of that inaugu
ration. Qeu. Winfield Soott, then lieutenant
general of the United States army, and in
command at Washington, was firmly per
suaded that a riot was planned for inaugura
tion day, during which an attempt was to be
made to assassinate Mr. Lincoln. He there
fore organized the militia of the District and
disposed of his available force of regulars as
seemed to him best calculated to prevent
On the 4th of March, 1361, the retiring
president, Buchanan, and Mr. Lincoln rode
together to the Capitol, the president driving
to Willard's hotel for the president-elect
They rode between double files of a squadron
of District of Columbia cavalry. In front of
them marched a company of sappers and
miners, and behind thorn came the infantry
and riflemen of the district On the roofs of
all the highest houses along Pennsylvania av
enue were placed squads of riflemen from tho
regular army with orders to watch the win
dows on the opposite side and fire upon them
In case any attempt should be made to fire
from those windows upon the presidential'
carriage. A small force of. regular caval
ry, the only one that could be obtained,
was detailed in squads to guard the street
crossings on .Pennsylvania avenue, each squad
retiring by side streets as the presidential
carriage passed and taking up its position
ahead, so that each street crossing was thor
oughly guarded. A battalion of District of
Columbia troops stood near the steps of the
Capiat i, and at the windows and wings
special iy detailed riflemen were placed. In
addition to this, o tho brow of the hill, not
far from the north end of the Capitol, com
manding both the approach and the broad
plateau to the east front, was stationed a
battery of flying artillery, under the com
mand of Gen. Scott himself.
When the presidential carriage reached the
east front the two occupants passed arm in
arm to the senate chamber, already densely
packed with officers and civilians, where
the ceremony of swearing in the vice presi
dent was soon performed. Then the two,
surrounded by the justices of the supreme
court the senate committee of arrangements,
the outgoing president and the family of the
president-elect, the obief Justice in his robes,
the clerk of the court with a Bible, took their
places on the front of the platform at the
east portico. Before them were perhaps 20,
000 people, all in deep silence and every face
serious, many apparently in deep gloom
The construction of the great dome of the
Capitol was in progress, and in front of the
president-elect stood the bronze statue of
Liberty. Just before the ceremonies began
a strange historic group was accidentally
formed. On one sido was Senator Douglas,
late Mr. Lincoln's chief rival for the presi
dency, holding Mr. Lincoln's bat On
the other side stood Chief Justice
Taney, author of the Dred Scott
decision, and close to the latter
President Buchanan. To the front and
center stood Abraham Lincoln, president
elect, thus grouping together the principal
characters in the most momentous era of
American history. When the loud and pro
longed cheering had subsided, Senator Baker
briefly Introduced Mr. Lincoln, and stepping
forward the president-elect in a firm, clear
voice, every word being beard by every one
of the audience, read that remarkable Inau
gural. When be pronounced the closing
words, "I am loth to closo we are not en
emies, but friends we must not be enemies
though passion may have strained, it must
not break our bonds of affection," etc., the
people broke Into a loud and prolonged
cheer. Chief Justice Taney arose and took
up his Bible, and Mr. Lincoln, pronounced
"I, Abraham Lincoln, do solemnly swear
that I will faithfully execute the office of
president of the United States, and will to
the best of my ability preserve, protect and
defend (he constitution of the United States."
As the last word died away the battery, com
manded by Gen. Scott thundered its solute,
Mr. Buchanan and President Lincoln re
turned to their carriage and the military
escorted them to the White House.
Four years later there was a crowd beyond
all previous experience of Washington, and a
military display composed only of soldiers
who happened to be thereat the time; but
even the temporary surplus of the army at
that time was greater than the whole regular
army before the war. The second inaugural
address of President Lincoln was not so
closely scanned as his first 'or the policy of
the administration was already determined.
It was far more poetic and even more pathe
tio than the first Many sentences are now
familiwr as household words, and the closing
paragraph has become an American classic,
"With malice toward none and charity for
all; with firmness in the right as God gives
us to see the right, let us strive on to finish
the work we are in; to bind up the nation's
wounds; to care for him who shall have
borne the battle and for his widow and or
phans: to do all which may achieve and
cherish a just and a lasting peace among our
selves and with all nations." The national
salute was then fired and Mr. Lincoln, in a
barouche with Senator Foster, of the com
mittee of arrangements, waa escorted by the
military to the White House. On this occa
sion and the next Chief Justice Chase, ad
ministered the oath of office.
P. 8. GRANT.
The Inauguration of Gen. Ulysses S. Grant
on the 4th of March, 1869, aroused a great
display of popular enthusiasm in which all
parties Joined; but, contrary to the etiquette
of the occasion, tha incoming president was
not escorted to the Capitol by his predecessor,
Andrew Johnson, this being the third time
that this occurred in tiwhistory of the gov
eminent, as that of 1829 was the second. The
crowd in Washington- surpassed all previ
ously known, except that at the military re
new in May, J863. A little before 11
o'clock , Gen. , Grant issued from his
headquarters and .seated himself in the
barouche beside Gen. Rawlins, his chief of
Staff and friend. In th carriages following
were the vice president elect, the reception
committee of the senators and the srseident
elect's military staff. Brevet Maj. Gen. A. S.
Webb, the grand marshal, and his aid pre
ceded and an immense military contingent
divided into eight divisions followed. Despite
the rain, the entire space before the east front
of the Capitol was filled with people. On
the platform were the usual officials.
After the formal ceremonies in the senate
and the swearing in of the vice president, the
offloials and president-elect proceeded to the
platform at the east front. The long proces
sion extended almost entirely around the Capi
tol and far up the adjacent street, there not
being room enough to approach the east front
Gen. Grant then took the oath of office and
read his inaugural, but in so low a voice that
it was only heard by those nearest to him,
and frequently interrupted by prolonged
cheers from the crowd.
It was unanimously agreed by the military
authorities, officials and political friends of
Gen. Grant, that his second inauguration,
March 4, 1S73, should be even more impres
sive than the first far more impressive than
that of any preceding president; but the day '
was singularly unpropitious and the suffer
ing was simply intense. The attendance of
military, both regular and volunteer, was
very large, and Pennsylvania avenue was
packed on both sides, as before, with an im
mense crowd. All tho proceedings were di
rected by the signal corps officers, who
were stationed on all the commanding build
ings, even upon the CapitoL But from dawn I
till dark the wind blew from the northwest
with a violence amounting to a gala The
cadets from West Point and from the naval
academy at Annapolis were specially commis
erated, as they had not prepared for such ex
treme weather. Their suffering was very
great and including them, the rest of the j
military and the spectators, it is estimated
that many scores of deaths were caused by
exposure on that day. The ceremonies were
almost identical with those of four years
before. The oath of office was administered
by the new chief justice, Morrison R. Waite.
K. a HATES.
The next inauguration took place under pe
culiar and very embarrassing circumstances.
It was not even known until the 2d of March
who would be the principal figure, as the pro
ceedings in the electoral commission and in
congress were concluded on that day. As the
4th of March fell upon a Sunday, the public
ceremonies took place upon the 6th. They
were marked, except in the military display,
by a severe simplicity amounting to plain
ness. The foreign diplomatic corps alone ap
peared in uniforms and decorations. Except
for a fow soldiers' uniforms, there was not a
badge or decoration about any of the Ameri
cans taking part The crowd was not so
large as at the first inauguration of President
Grant He and Senator Morrill, chairman
of the senate committee of arrange
ments, rode in the carriage with the
president-elect and after the officers, as be
fore. Before the president's carriage were
the Washington light guards and a battery
of light artillery; behind them regulars,
militia and volunteers as before. At least
30,000 people were in front of the CapitoL
Vice President Wheeler was sworn in in the
senate, as before. The officials, their ladies and
ladies of the diplomatic corps, supreme court
judges, foreign ministers and others were
seated on the platform, east front Gen. Grant,
arm in arm with President-elect Hayes, pre
ceded by the clerk of the supreme court, with
a Bible, advanced to the front amid hearty
cheering. President Hayes delivered his
inaugural address and pronounced the oath
of office after Chief Waite.
JAMES A. GAJUTEXD.
The day of President James A. Garfield's
inauguration, March 4, 1SS1, was inclement
Rain in the morning, sloet and snow as the
day advanced and mud everywhere and all
day cast a gloom over the people. But the
pageant was not wholly spoiled and the crowd
was large. The procession moved at half past
10, Geu. W. T. Sherman, with a brilliant
staff, leading the way. After him came the
military under Gen. Ayres, then the incom
ing and outgoing presidents in a four horse
barouche, with gorgeously uniformed cavalry
before and behind, and after them the usual
array of militia and civic societies. The
usual civilians and officials occupied the plat
form at the east front of the CapitoL The
inaugural address was read with remarkable
force and effect and excited much eitotion
among the people. The Inaugural ball was
held in the National museum, one of the h nd
somest buildings in the country, des jod in
the form of a Greek cross, and was the first
ball of the kind to attract universal attention.
Five thousand holders of tickets were ad
mitted. President Garfield, in full evening
costume, received with dignity, supported by
Messrs. Evarte, Schurz, Maynard, Breckin
ridge, Ilazen, Chief Justice Waite and others.
The brilliancy of dress displayed attracted
The iuauguration'of G rover Cleveland sur
passed all previous ones. For a week before
March 4 the two Washington depots were
crowded with people night and day.
It is estimated that 250,000 persons from
other places were present How to accom
modate them had been one of the problems
for the inauguration committee, who ap
pointed several hundred men to make a can
vass of the householders who had room to
spare and would be willing to receive one or
more of the tourists.
In spite of the precautions all the available
pace was occupied two days before the in
auguration, and the thousands who arrived
on the 2d and 8d of March were left to shift
for themselves. How they shifted is still
matter of amusement to the Washinirtoniana
They slept in hallways and cellars and in the
The morning of the inauguration was
warm, fragrant and spring like. The streets
were thronged as early as 0 o'clock, and soon
was heard the tramp of regiments marching
to the place of formation. By 10 o'clock there
were three hundred thousand people lining-
Pennsylvania avenue. At half past 11 a great
shout, that swelled into a deafening roar from
one end of the avenue to the other, announced
that the procession had started. Pennsrl-
vania avenue is the widest thoroughfare In
the world. It is paved with asphalt (as ore
all the streets of Washington) and is un
equal ed for a procession. Down this avenue
swept the noblest procession seen in the capi
tal since the grand review of the army in 1805.
The procession is led by a regiment of
United States regulars, followed by the cele
brated United States Marine baud of one
hundred pieces, whose grand martial music
drowns all other sounds. Then follows the
carriage in which 6it President Arthrr,
President-elect Cleveland and Vice President
elect Hendricks. After the presidential
carriage has passed come the troops, in every
kind of uniform. This procession is six hours
passing a given point but the enthusiasm
does not diminish.
Meanwhile the presidential party has
reached the platform at the eastern end of
the CapitoL The platform is 100 feet wide.
the largest ever built for the purpose. In
front of the Capitol, banked in a solid mif.
stood zsu.uuo people.
. The president delivered his inaugural ad
dress in a clear, resonant voice, from
ory, making only an occasional reference
to the notes In his hand,-and then Chief
Justice Waite. administered the oath of
office. Cleveland said: "I swear," then
paused and kissed the Bible a small, leather
bound, well worn volume, which had been
given to him by his mother when he was a
boy. .- -. .. - ,
At the Washington monument waa given
that evening the greatest display of fireworks
ever made in America. "
r- Then the crowd makes a rush for the great
pension office building, -where the inaugura
tion ball is to be held. One himdred.tbousand
people surround the building and watch the
rortunato ten thousand who are able to enter.
The ball room is the largest ever used for a
presidential fete. There is a waxed floor SIC
feet long and 110 feet wide. The rooms are
fragrant with flowers; many chandeliers,
with brilliant pendants, shed their rays upon
the heads of those below, and the walls are
covered with silken flags of all nations.
Ten thousand have arrived at 11 o'clocl:.
The women, hi their rich evening dresses an1
costly diamonds, the diplomats in their court
uniforms and decorations, the resplendent
army and navy officers, and the civilians n
conventional black, constitute a scene that it
not likely to be forgotten by any of those
who witnessed it
At II o'clock the president arrives. He
holds a levee, but gv;ta away soon after 12
The crowd dance until the small hours.
A week later Washington resumes its
Uoa'i Uet vaoKht
This spring with your blood full of im
purities, your digestion impaired, your
appetite poor, ku.noys and liver torpid.
and whole system liable to be prostrated
by disease but get yourself into cood
condition, a&d ready for the changing
ana warmer weather, by taking Hood s
Sarssparilla. It stands unequalled for
purifying the blood, giving an appetite,
snd for a general spring medicine.
Ti It nnwrtrr never vanes. A marvel of onrltv.
strength snd wh"itrarjenes; more econorry
than tke orrtlTjdrv kir.ue, and cannot be mjld by
eompeiition with the multitude of lowtert, ebony
weight alnm or phosphate ttowders. boli only m
e-rn. Royal Bakin 1'owdbb Co., 10fl Wal'.St.
"W"A?.TPA.6E?T8 ,or onr TrEW PATENT
,iT. . '"-proof hufes ; slse 2xlMi8; weight 500
lbs.. rtil prioeta; others In proportion. Hign
VlJZ .h.12fUer m,,la" Centennial ExpoaitlBn.
Pba.?.: Permanent buslnms. Our prtcaa
lowest. Ue are not in tbe safe pool. Exclusive
territory -lveu. Alpine safe Co..ncinnau7o:
OVKRSEKRS WANTED EVERYWHERE AT
home or to travel. We wish to employ a re.
liable per-on in yonr coonty to tack np advertise
ments and rhow rarus of Electric Goods. Adver
tisements to tx-tacked no everywhere, on trees,
fences and turnpikes, in conspicoons places, in
town and country in all pans of tbe Cni!ed Hates
and C anada, steady employment ; wages ts. 0
per da?: expenses advanced : no ulUnu ronnir.
ed. 1 ocal work for all or part of the time. Ad
dress with stamp, EMOHf & CO.,
Managers, il Vine St , Cincinnati, O.
Nd attention paid to pot-tal cards.
YF.Ll.OH SIt. YELLOW TfBS
Use 'Peerless Brand'
Fresh Raw Oysters.
Selected and packed with cleanlinesa snd care.
C. H. PEARSON &.CO.,
Tber are the Best, A-k vour Grocer for them.
J. 31. BL'ARDSLEY,
ATTORNEY' AT LAW otBce with J. T. Ken
worthy, KS5 Sacondsvenue.
TTOHNEY AT LAW. Office In Rock Ulsnr.
i National Bank Building, Rock Island, 1 U.
ATTORNEY AT LiW-Offlce In Pout office
block. Jul 11 dw
E. V. III.' EST,
ATTORNEY AND COUNSELLOR AT LAW
Office lc Masonic Temple block, over Rock Is.
land National Bank. Rockl sland. Til.
s. a. swsbkxy. a u vuxn.
SWEESEY Jt WALKER,
ATTORN ET8 AND OOCN8KLLOR9 AT LAW
Office In Eengston'e block. Rock Island, HI.
A TTORNKT AT LAW Loans monev aa roud
flLsaenrity, make rollertVms. Reference, Mitch
ell Lyade, bankers. Office la PosloAc Mock.
D. S. SCHUREHAN,
ARCHITECT AND SUPERINTENDENT. Main
office Cinclnrattl. Ohio; Branch office over
First Nstional Bank, Rock Island. f 18 ly
ST. LUKE'S COTTAGE HOSPITAL,
J THIRD AVENUE, between Tenth and
WMi 0. KULP. 0, D, S.
OFFICE REMOVED TO
Rooms 86, 27, 98 snd 29,
Take Elevator. DAVENlTRT, IA.
fit DICATf O
Impartx vi ilium ti-umuur-r,. v n.il,.Ltm
movvm all iuniPlnmm.l:W and iiolra-t. re
sale by r 11 ni-t vUn. drugKi.u. or ouui tor 60 ct.
va - tttvr uam K n e
1 POSITIVE For 1081 'TAJT.rFO KA NITOOD:
General and NERVOUS DEBILIT;
d 1 1 H."R f Boaysad Kinst Etfeetr
w w UAi of Errors or Excuaiii ULa or V,n.
SoWo HANHOi:b Nth- RfHl. Ho t. K.lSrjwila
atMUMSiuK.iiiiKVf:u)riiuaN(i.iiiK fists .Ttun?
Combines, in a proportion peculiar to itself,
the active medicinal properties of the best
blood-purirytng snd strengthening remedies
of the vegetable kingdom. It will positively
cure when in the power of medicine
Spring Debility, Headache, Dyspepsia, Ca
tarrh, 8a.lt Rheum, Scrofula, and all Diseases
caused by a low state of the blood.
" I suffered three years with blood poison.
I took Hood's Sarsaparilla, and think I am
cured." Mas. M. J. Davis, Brockport, N. T,
"Hood's Sarsaparilla beats all others, and
Is worth its weight in gold." L Babbino
ton, 130 Bank Street, New York City.
Purifies the Blood
id a doren articles to cleanse my "I was for five vmT
blood, but never found anything that did
me any good till I began using Hood's
Sarsaparilla." W. H. Peer, Rochester, N. T.
"My wife was troubled with dizziness
snd constipation, and her blood has been
In a bad order In fact she has been' all
run down. Hood's Sarsaparilla is doing her
a wonderful amount of good." F. M..Bau
win, druggist, Blanchester, Ohio.
Sold by all drupgtsts. l ; six for 5. Made
only by C. L HOOD & CO., Lowell, Mass.
IOO Doses One Dollar.
GREAT CLEARING SALE
Boots and Shoes.
We have also a lot of
iiuw iu cios
Call and see.
CAUSE fe CO.,
1622 Second Avenue.
H. D. FOLSOM,
THE FINEST ASSORTMENT OF
Bread, Cakes, Pies and Pastrj
IS AT THE EAGLE BAKERY,
1109 Third Ave., Hock Island,
POLZIN & STAASSEN, Promts.
tVQoods duhversd to soy part of the city fre of charge.
Patent, Cast snd Wrought
Cheapest Fence in the world for resi
dence and lots.
Made any height desired.
J. E. DOWNING,
SucocMor to Geo. Downing, Jr.,
We conflnci our Loans to Improved
Farms in tbe safest counties of
Iowa, and on request
Prompt payment of principal and interest
HEINZ & HIRSCHL,
Dave n post, Iowa.
" Estate of Msrtsret J. 8ears, deceased.
The undersigned having been appointed admin
istrator of tha estate of Margaret J. Bears, late
of the eonstv of Rock bland, state or Illinois, da
ceaaed. hereby glTt e notlc thu h.
before the roantv court of Rrir t.i..h ,
Uie office of Us clerk of said court, in the dtV of
Rock Uland, at the April term, on the first Mon
day in April nex', at which Umi all peraona h-
b mo state are notified ana re
quested to attend for tbe purpose of having the
seme diluted. All persons indebted to said estate
a ireq nested to -make Immediate pavment to the
Dated this Hth day of February. A. D. i860,
a... x. i , A. MKSCHAMT. Admiulatrator.
Adair Plbasaxts, Attorney. - lMSw
US 80 Y&AtlV innat4
parilU or blood puriner. ftoth
said: "Its health-givine sff M ""Mw
blood and 'ntlrehutZS'
much more positive than th.
a quarter of century J Lt
power of toay u in artT' U ft
and iaborious ISJ .
"While suffering troml1189-"
attack in March, im, WenT,
I1L, recommended Hood', SJ ln fHt
tried the remedy, and JrS4patDl. I
a vo., raton Street, N. y HTt,W
boils, all run down, an 'uSe'' m
obliged to glvo up ork. JE
all of two bottles of Hood1, a,.
entirely cured." r. 5?ua
"I was severely affluS
and for over a year had two tvm
on my neck. Took Cr9 bottKf
Sarsaparilla, and consider mv' a'
cured." C. E. Lovejov, uS!I
M by all druggists. i:,iX7o,t, L
Hy by CI. HOOD & CO., LowJl y
go o CQ q
Misses and Children's KM
ont at cost. V
No. 1707 Second avenue, Keck Ja'a&d
J. ft. latr
The popular knd re!iV;e Grocer.
Cor. Eighth St. and Third i
will sell you
as cheap as they ran be s
Ha pays the highest market prict?
and always has a cice stork
A. D. HUESINl
-Real Estate i
Represents, among omer , ;lw!f
noarn Fire InanranceComuaniea. tM .
Royal Insurance Conpany. o( JE "
wescuester ire ins. ia.. " - i
Buffalo German Ins Co.. Buff w.V
Rochester German Ins. Co. Rocl
nnn.r Vi, Tr,m On . of Peon.""
Citizens Ins. Co . of PitubnrRb.
jsxenange nre ins.
Office No. 1608 Second AJ'-,
OF ALL DESC Wl?2LVsTl
OrSpeclal attention paid to Ctommero-