Newspaper Page Text
the mocK T5iion Kxmrn, fkiday mat 17, isag
THE DAILY ARGUS
JOHN W- POTTER.
Fkiday. Mat 17. 1889.
Postmasteh General Wanamakeb
has changed bis mind about reducing let
ter postage to one cent. "When I was
appointed." be says: 'I was impressed
with the idea that penny postage, as it is
termed, was very desirable, and I came
tntn thn dAnfixtmAni -"""""" ' ' ' -
7 . ... ' .
iavor. in raci, 1 inougm u ougni 10 De
established at once. , But when I learned
. of the poor condition of the service, 1
cent postage receded into the dim dis
tance.. When I discovered that there are
many places in this country which receive
a mail but once a week, and that not
always regularly, it seemed to me that
what was needed most by all concerned
was frequent and regular service from
the postofflce department. Postage in
this country is as low as that or any
country in the world, for penny postage
in England is really 2 cent postage in
- The foolish act of removing Garvin
fnm the wardenship of the Joliet peni
tentiary in order to pay off political debts
by putting a mere politician in bis place
continues to make trouble for the state
administration. Even the regular Spring
field correspondent of so stanch a repubs
lican paper as the Chicago Inter-Octtin is
compelled to recognize the dissatisfaction
and the vigorous kicking nil" over the
state. The Joliet prison is the largest
penitentiary in the country and under
Warden McClaughry it bore the repu
tation of being also one of the
best conducted, if not the best.
Mr: 'Garvin " was " JToClaiighrjTi n'e"puty
for many years, and when the lat
ter resigned to accept a similar hut more
lucrative position in Pennsylvania, he
naturally succeeded to the wardenship.
His promotion was in strict accordance
with civil service rules, as he had risen
from a menial position in the prison by
mere force of merit. It is conceded that
he was the man best fitted in the state to
take charge of Joliet prison and conduct
it according to Major McClauebry's ideas
because of his long familiarity with its
details. The man who succeeds him has
no knowledge of prison managcment,but
then be has a very intimate acquaintance
with ward politics, and that seems to
be a higher qualification in the gover
It has remained for President Ilarrison
to make himself responsible for the most
pronounced act of nepotism in the his
tory of the government, remarks an eas
tern exchange. Oen. Grant's record in
mis respect was notable, but be never
went so far as to give an own brother an
The appointment of Major Harrison to
a federal mardhalsbip is a particularly
bold defiance of public opinion, from the
fact that the popular disapproval of acts
of that description has been so clearly ex
pressed of late years. It comes directly
upon the heels of the centennial celebra
tion of the inauguration of Washington,
who condemned family appointments in
ringing words which, just reppated, are
fresh in the ears of the people. It mat
ters not that the man was the sup
posed choice of the republicans of Ten
nessee, or that he may be well fitted for
the position the president has taken
direct ground indorsing the principle
which is generally and justly repudiated.
His action perhaps is a manifestation
of the independence of character, which,
according to report, he has felt himself
called to vindicate. It would appear
that he has shown himself not be afraid
to do anything in the appointing line that
suits him. That he has placed numerous
other men in office on occount of previ
ous personal relations is in itself a very
prominent fact, but his nomination of his
brother emphasizes his tendency to error
in this direction In a most marked way.
Fortunately, it is not likely that he
will break the force of the Washington
ian and Jefferson ian tradition. The cur
rent of opinion is irresistibly against him
and he has weakened himself seriously in
the popular esteem.
The Abattoir Vunr.
Judge Wilkinson and Wm. Jackson,
counsel for the butchers have received
word from Ottawa that the supreme
court's decision in the abattoir case was
based simply on the question of power
with regard to the city's rights, and that
the court held in its ruling that it was not
necessary either to go into preliminaries
or the matter of inspection. If this be
the case, the city may, even under the
ruling of Judge Glenn, still retain its rights
as to proper inspection, and perhaps at
the abattoir, too.
Beware of Ointments for Catarrb tna Contain
as mercury will surely destroy the sense
of smell and completely derange the
whole system when entering it through
the mucus surfaces. Such articles should
never be used except on prescriptions
from reputable physicians, as the damage
they will do are ten fold to the good you
can possibly derive from tbem. Hall's
Catarrh Cure, manufactured by F. J.
Cheney & Co., Toledo, O., contains no
mercury, and is taken Internally, and
acts directly upon the blood and mucus
surfaces of the system. In buying Hall's
Catarrh Cure, be sure you get the genu
nine; it is taken internally and made in
Toledo, Ohio, by F. J. Cheney & Co.
Sold by druggists. Price 75 cents
T. Granger Stuart, M. D., F. R. S. E.,
ordinary physician to H. M. the qneen in
Scotland, professor of practice of physic
in the university of Edinburgh, writes:
"Acute bronchitis is common especially
in the advanced stages of Bright's dis
ease, and tends to pass into the chronic
state. Phthisic (consumption) in its
various forms is found occasionally asso
ciated with these renal (kidney) affec
tions. It usually proves fatal while the
renal malady is yet in its early stage." It
thus becomes evident that consumption
and bronchitis are intimately associated
with kidney disease, and Warner's Safe
Cure Should be taken early in the disease
to prevent the damage influence the kid
ney malady exerts upon the respiratory
The gilded youth of Fresno, CaL.have
organized a tally-ho club and ordered
four compleu outfits from London .
HEARD FROM AGAIN.
llr. Frr Wfjrkuier Replies to
Charge that He la ObatraetlBC Vp
per 9lisslsnlppt Wavt-atl.
It is not very often that Mr. Fred Wey
erhauser, of this city, the acknowledged
logging and lumber kin of the north
west, permits himself to be heard on the
extensive operations in which be is inter
ested. Nevertheless he speaks out some
when called upon in his own de
fense. Lately he has been indulging in
some very plain talk in reply to accusa
tions that he is obstructing navigation on
the upper river and also traffic on the C,
M. & St. P. road at Wabasha. Mr.
Weyerhauser says all the, grumbling em
anated from Eau Claire and not from the
railroad company.' The mill men at that
place desire all the logs cut on the Chip
pewa to be manufactured at home; that
is, at Eau Claire. Their wish has never
been granted for two reasons: First,
there is no place which has storage ca
pacity sufficient to accommodate a great
body of logs, and, secondly, Mr. Weyer
hauser intends to keeps to keep bis mill
on the Mississippi supplied. ' Since they
cannot obtain what they want they have
made it very unpleasant for the Missis
sippi River Logging company bp placing
difficulties in the way and causing unnec
essary expense.. Says an exchange:
When the company first chose bead
quarters on the Chippewa, they were
placed at Eau Claire, but trouble soon
arose over the taxation of the company's
logs, which amounted to about $10,000.
Prolonged litigation was begun and the
company removed to Chippewa, where a
handsome block was erected and the bus
iness of the company has since been tran
sacted. To lose this company created a
gretteal of hard feeling on the citizens'
part, as it took from that city avast cap
ital. The lumbermen were also sore over
the move and have harrassed the company
in every conceivable way. Since they
could not have the logs manufactured
there they have wished that the Beef
Slough Rafting works should he located
there and when that was refused they
placed every difficulty in the way so as to
interfere with the Mississippi mills, and
now they realize their great mistake.
Mature baa provided an excuse for
removing the works. For years the
channel of the river has been changing
anu tilling tue slough with sand, and
haa rendered the process of rafting logs
slow and expensive one. When the
removal from Beef slough to West
Newton slough, on the Minnesota side,
was announced tbe Eau Claire men were
amazed as they had not counted on the
removal of the works to another state.
In regard to the removal Mr. Weyer
hauser says that "the Eau Claire men
had been so disagreeable and had placed
so many difficulties in the way and tbe
Minnesota men were so pleased to have
them on their side that he regretted tbe
change bad not been made four or five
years ago." Air. Weyerhauser signifi
cantly states that the Chippewa will con
tinue to supply the mills in Minnesota,
Iowa, Illinois and Missouri, and indicates
that no amount of kicking will alter his
As to the matter of running logs down
the Mississippi and obstructing naviga
tion, be is protected by acts of congress,
and it is held by all the courts that saw
logs have tbe same right of commerce in
the river as steamboats. The companies
in which Mr. Weyerhauser is interested
own seventy-five per cent of the steam
boats which pass through the bridge, and
there is not likely to be trouble from,
Inquiry elicits the fact that the gov
ernment appropriates annually $25,000
is expended on the Chippewa
The A Rous is in receipt of a copy of
the Arkanw Pre published at Little
Rock, which contains an extended ac
count of the railroad construction work
there for tbe Houston. Central Arkansas
& Northern railway in charge of tbe
firm of E. P. Reynolds & Co., and in
which particular mention is made of F.
P. Welch as secretary of the company.
The paper is accompanied by a supple
ment containing an illustration of a
"type of Arkansas beauty." Beneath it
appears this inscription to which Welch
calls attention: "The most beautiful
ladies in the United States are residents
of Arkansas and their children are thn
sturdiest and healthiest."
Ornrlty to Apprentice.
Tho stories of the treatment of apprentices
in England that have bwn told by novelists,
Dickens nmonp the number, have hardly been
credited by their readers this side the water
at all events. It seemed hardly probable
that huniau beings could be puilty of the
treatment ascrilicd to tbem. But a case of
inhuman treatment of an apprentice was re
cently ventilated In a London police court
winch rivals anything ever written hereto
fore. A little chap of 15 was Ixmud out to a
dentist, who was aecustomil to beat him in
a inoHt brutal manner, and nearly starved
him to death. The boy rarely got two meals
in a day, and these meals consisted in the
majority of cases of a piece of dry bread for
one meal and a little porridgo for another.
He never had anything to eat before 13
o'clock in tbe day, and in many cases not till
6 o'clock in tbe evening. Too boy was so
starved that he would eat the potato peelings
and tea leaves, lick the bones that were
thrown away and the plates which his master
and mistress used. When the lad appeared
in court he was almost a skeleton and showed
plainly the signs of his ill usage. Yet the
brutal master was only given two months'
imprisonment. Ban Francisco Chronicle.
Billy Foote, ex-railroad commissioner, and
son of ex-Senator Footo, of Mississippi, met a
friend at the Baldwin the other day. The
friend bad coiuo from Nashville, and was tell
ing Mr. Foote about a new drink he had dis
covered at tho Maxwell house bar. It was a
Tennessee toddy. "You put a couple of small
canned cherries Into the bottom of a glass,"
said the friend. "Then you add a little fine
sugar, pour in the whisky, cool it with a lump
of ice, and your toddy is made." Mr. Foote
listened to this. His patriotic soul was roused.
He had lived for a time in Tennessee. He
went to the Buckingham, saw his friend Mr.
Balfe and gave him tbe secret of tbe Tennes
see toddy. Ilalfe sent for two cans of cher
ries, and Mr. Footo started in quest of all the
TennesBeans he could find. At 4 p. m. that
day the fame of the Tennessee toddy had
spread abroad, and not a hian about town
who hod ever been in Tennessee but that had
been obliged to renew an old acquaintance.
And the fame of tbe Tennessee toddy is still
spreading, while there is danger of exhausting
tna canned cherry market. nan Francisco
A young lady of East Nottingham,
Pa., in strolling in a field the other day,
found thirty-six four-leaf clovers and
some with five leaves.
D. Stump, of Burnt Cabin. York
county, Pa., can put a large goose egg in
bis mouth and close his lips without
crushing the shell.
A new industry is the manufacture of
ink from the oil and grease extracted
from spent cotton waste.
" WOMAN AND HOME.
ENCOURAGING PROGRESS MADE BY
WOMAN WITH THE BRUSH.
Oar Sinter In the Old World Ladies Who
Have Ruled at the White Boase What
Took tho Boys Horn. Something A boat
Divas and Hons Deeo ration.
At present interest in England is aroused
by the preponderance of women artists in tbe
lists of successful candidates for admission to
the Royal Academy schools. According to
the official reports for the first quarter of
1888, ten of the twelve new probations were
women. This year, ten out of sixteen was the
proportion in favor of the gentler sex. At
the same time, official records show that the
vast majority of successful female students
are utterly swamped before arriving at the
gold medal stage, and that, of those who pass
successfully through the schools, few ever
ever achieve anything above "damning medi
ocrity." What is true in the mother country
is destined to hold good in the United States.
Yet the number of Women artists here, who
do attain excellence and recognition of their
abilities, is most gratif yingly on the increase.
Since Rosa Bonheur placed herself in the
front rank of living painters, the number of
her sex who have attained fame with the
brush has grown steadily and surely, until
no exhibit of canvases in the Old World or
the Mew World can be held that does not
show among the best paintings displayed the
work of a woman artist. In oil, in water
colors, in black and white, the fair workers
in theteliers of America are conquering all
before them, and not a fow have won fame
and wealth. That the number of these suc
cessful ones does not increase in proportion
lo the growth in the number of art pupils
passing through the schools of the land is a
result based upon natural causes. The male
artist is such for Ufa The woman artist is
such in nine cases out of ten nntil she
marries. Rosa Bonhenr was content to wed
art only, but her example is followed by very
few of her sex. The majority infinitely pre
fer towed a borne, to ally themselves to rest,
to wed a man able to lift the burden of life's
cares from their slender shoulders. Then
come family cares, and she must bean excep
tional woman indeed wno does not put aside
the palette for the cradle and sketch box for
the accessories of the nursery.
And still, despite the barriers raised by her
own nature, the number of eminent, success
ful, even famous, women artists grows stead
fastly. The multiplication of art schools for
women; the widened field for women artists
opened by the makers of Christmas, New
Year's and Easter cardsthese and other
causes are constantly at work developing
feminine talent that, under favorable condi
tions In after life, brings its possessor from
comparative obscurity into the full light of
public recognition and public patronage.
The women students in tbe schools of Europe's
art centers are among the most zealous and
painstaking. They possess none of their mole
Collaborateur'g fondness for detrimental
hilarity and students' frolics, nor have they
tbe means, as a usual thing, for such indul
gence, even did they desire it. They are
abroad to study, and they do it; then come
home and devote themselves to their profes
aon. The number of these worthy young
women is constantly increasing, and though
the ranks of tbe devoted little army are deci
mated as to art by the artful little god
with the bow and arrow, yet the catalogue
of the Solon and the galleries and collections
of American cities show that women in art
are a growing quantity, wielding a power
and occupying a position not dreamed of a
iecade ago. Pittsburg Bulletin.
Women of Modern Greece.
The Greek damsel understands the art of
making herself attractive far better than the
Bulgarian maiden does. She is, in fact, a
tnore desirablecommodityof the matrimonial
market than the latter, from various stand
points; for, in addition to her other charms,
Iter father, instead of requiring purchase
money at her lover's hands, gives a dowry.
lihe is the object of a good deal of chivalrous
nttention from her male relatives, which sur
tounds her with an additional halo of ro
mance, and suggests to some extent the devo
tion and chivalry of ancient Greece. If her
lather be a man of limited fortune, her
brothers consider it a point of houor to con
tribute their own little savings towards mak
ing her marriage portion up to a respectable
mm. Although the Greek peasant woman
works less in the fields, this does not mean
that she is wanting in lndusti-ioiisncss. If
I er hands are less employed with the boe or
t eaping hook, they are deft enough in weav
i lg and spinning the rude native textures for
clothing the family. She also acquires great
expertness in trimming and training the
grape vines, making wine, butter, cheese and
all the lighter work about the farm.
The holiday costume of the Greek peasant
vonian is picturesque enough, but in one
feature, at least.it seemed tome rather want
Lig in gracefulness. On her head is worn
either a gaudily colored silk kerchief or a
s nail cap, elaborately embroidered or strung
ith coins. A short, rakish looking jacket of
green or blue cloth is profusely trimmed with
gold braid. Down the back, and often falling
vithtn a foot of the ground, are long, luxuri
ant black tresses, usually in two braids.
I rom the waist down her costume is highly
suggestive of an Inverted balloon. Whether
t coll the garmeut skirt or pantaloons was
a ways a question with ma From the waist
d wnward it gets fuller and fuller until it ter
minates in the "bulge of tho balloon," w ith a
h lie in either side at tbe bottom, through
w hlch the feet appear. When walking, the
aagginess" of this garment waggles about
11 se the tail of a duck, which few, I believe,
h.ive ever thought to be the poetry of mo
urn. The Greek female, charming though
si e is, and, moreover, a devoted wife and
B other, lias her weaknesses. Thomas Ste-
vons " Woman. "
The cooking of vegetables is too little
si udied by American housekeepers in general.
With tbe exception of localities high upon
tlie mountain divide of tbe continent, where
tl e altitude affects the boiling of water, too
leng time is usually allotted to the boiling of
ti e common varieties of roots and garden
pi-oduce. Tbe recollection of one simple fact
would go far to obviate this fault of treat
ment, the fact that all vegetable substances
aie properly prepared for food as soon as
tley are tender enough to be eaten. Were
U is remembered we would have no more
of watery potatoes or ill odored cabbage; and
all the strong scented alliaceous family could
be made ready for the table without impreg
niiting the house with their characteristic
flavor. Turnips, onions and cabbage are the
most popular of winter vegetables, and we
dtsire to call attention to the usefulness of
ctrrots as a dinner dish. Most housewives
know them only as one of the usual soup
ti ge tables. Let them - test our recipes for
st swing and frying them, and then thank us
Xcr enlarging the dinner list.
As most winter or hardy vegetables are
ki pt long in cellars or storerooms, they are
greatly improved by being laid in cold water
for an hour or longer after they are washed
ai d prepared for boiling. All varieties con
tain more or less water, which they lose by
vaporntion, thus decreasing in weight and
be; unless this natural proportion of moist
ure is restored by immersion in cold water
before cooking, the cooked vegetable will be
cn aller and dryer than when in normal con
diiion; there will be a perceptive loss in sub
st ace and nutriment. Whether the natural
moisture of food substances is nutritious or
not, the moisture certainly is a vehicle for
nutriment; and the fact is conclusively
prjven that a dish containing a fair average
of water is both more digestible and more
sat isfactory to hunger than one dry or con
centrated. Boston Budget.
3duch is said in these days concerning the
rig hts of children, but there is certainly no
right to which every child is more surely en
tit ed than that of o-nnrl anonr) rthvoionl
ha .1th. One of tbe first requirements of
Yu ItVlflll fllnKlnr. i 1 1 J. 111..
u, bum ib uiuwB uunr
str lined action of every organ of the body.
Th J is absolute! V essential tar net-feet dnvnl.
opi aent so long as the body is undergoing the
pn cess or growin. According to Dress,
mothers often unwittingly violate thisprin
Clcle in the dressingr of thnlr ehilrimn hrnim.
pel ing. them to wear clothing which they
nave partially outgrown, but which is not
umcienuy worn to be discarded. Tight
sleeves, tight bands, tight waists, etc., which
have become such from tho child's increased
ause, are certainly quite as harmful as those
purposely so constructed; and added to this
la the fact that the bones and muscles of the
tender little ones are far more susceptible to
tne constriction or tight clothing than are
those of persons of older growth.
The clothing of children should always be
so made that it can readily be enlarged to
accommodate the growing form, and should
never fit so snugly as not to allow perfect
freedom of movement to every organ. What
ever garments are worn about tbe chest and
waist should always permit of an unre
strained, full inspiration, and it would be an
excellent 'plan if mothers' would frequently
test the child's breathing capacity by placing
a tape measure around its waist when in its
night clothing, and allowing it to take a full
inspiration, noting the number of inches' ex
pansion, and then adjusting its clothing to
correspond with the measure of the full in
spiration, allowing one inch or two for
growth. Detroit Free Press.
A governess residing at Lee, England, died
from burns resulting from an explosion
caused by blowing down the chimney of an
oil lamp for the purpose of extinguishing the
light. The occurrence is such a common one
that it would not be worth noticing except
for the purpose of impressing upon persons
who use the ordinary petroleum lamps the
extreme danger of this habit It is so quick
and apparently an easy a way to extinguish
a light that nine persons out of ten resort to
it, although it is fraught with danger. When
the reservoir is full there is comparatively lit
tle risk of an explosion; but when the oil is
nearly exhausted the reservoir becomes filled
with gas, and as the flame is blown down
ward an explosion at once results. The
carelessness with which petroleum is used
is absolutely astounding.
reople who would be filled with alarm did
they know that a canister of gunpowder was
in theroom.will placea petroleum lamp upon
a table that the slightest touch will overturn,
or in a position where it can be upset by
children, although the consequences of a fall
are nearly as disastrous as those of the explo
sion of gunpowder. Careless housewives will
even go the length of pouring petroleum upon
an expiring fire, regardless of the fact that
that they are endangering their own lives
and risking the conflagration of the house.
It is difficult to see how such reckless conduct
as this can be made penal ; but something
might be done at luast were the teachers in
board schools to instruct children as to the
dangerous properties of petroleum and the
risks incurred by the reckless handling of it,
or by the habit of extinguishing the light by
blowing down the chimnev of a Inmn Ten
Color in Furnishing.
In furnishing, the matter of coloring is a
point that should be carefully studied. A
confusion of colors will spoil any room, and
this holds good even to the smallest appoint
ment and decoration. A chair covering or
even a cushion can prove almost as complete
a disfigurement as a carpet which does not
accord with the paper, curtains or wood
Colors possess character, and that of the
most ili vers sorts. Some hues suggest warmth
and ch(er, while others breathe of foolness
and repose. Blue, gray, drab and fawn are
the proper colors for sunny chambers, while
red, pink aud buff belong to north rooms or
any into which tho light comes in a stinted
way. Even gloomy places can be made
cheerful by employing right- colors, especially
when there can l added an ojien fire with a
bright brass fonder.
There is one rule in furnishing which people
of moderate means 011 lit always to obey, yet
they are usually tho least inclined to carry it
into practice. This rule is, not to bo ham
pcrud by the fashion of the moment or afraid
of making one's rooms look unlike those of
Tho fact that several ladies in oue's narrow
visitin;,' circle i.-woss a certain style of car
pets, chairs, tables, etc., o'.:ght to prove a
good reason for buying articles entirely differ
ent in shape or color. Furniture not so
pretty is far preferable to having oue's house
so like that of the right and left hand neigh
bor that a new acquaintance cau scarcely tell
which of the threo domiciles be has entered.
The sacred books of India contain the fol
"He who despises women despises his
"Who is cursed by- a woman is cursed by
"Tho tears of a woman cail down to fire of
heaven on those who make them flow."
"Evil to him who laughs at woman's suffer
ings; God shall laugh at his prayers."
"It was at tho prayer of a woman that the
Creator pardoned man. Cursed bo he who
"Who shall forget tho sufferings of his
mother at his birth shall be reborn in the
body of an owl daring three successive trans
migrations." "There is no crime more odious than to per
secute a womau."
"When women are honored the divinities
are content; but when they ore not honored
all undertakings fail."
"The households cursed by women to whom
they have not rendered tho homage due them
find themselves weighed down with ruin and
destroyed as if they bad been struck by some
"It is time to appreciate all things at their
What Kept the Boys at Borne?
How da you keep your boys at hornet was
sked a mother whose three half grown sons
always hurried home from school instead of
wandering off with some playmates, and
whose evenings were usually spent some
where beneath the home roof. "I dont keep
them at home; they keep themselves. My
only trouble is to get tbem to go anywhere
else, answered the mother, who perhaps
thought her boys were naturally a little dif
ferent from some other boys, A friend of the
family thought if tho mother couldn't ex
plain their love of home, he could. The
boys always were anxious to get home lie
cause they were interested in something
there. One hod his tools, another his vege
table garden, which was all his own with all
raised therein. One had a small menagerie
of squirrels, rabbits and so forth hi a shed
chamber, and another whose tastes were more
quiet hod a study of his own, a small cham
ber, where his own writing table, bookcase,
paint box, etc., were always waiting for him.
The individual tastes of each boy were re
spected, and each was ready to give from his
own particular stores to another or to his pa
rents. Moreover, each was always treated at
home as a gentleman, and gentlemanly man
ners had always been expected from him. Does
not tho fueling of being of more consequence
elsewhere, the greater deference apparently
Iid to bis tastes, draw many a boy from
homo? Lewiston Journal.
Keep Warm and Be Happy.
"If you want to be happy keep warm," says
Rose Terry Cooke. "Women are eaten up
with neuralgia, sny the doctors. No wonder.
They sit all the morning by a hot register,
then tie the Ave or six iuch bonnet over their
back hair, a bit of lace film over their bangs,
put on kid Iwots, with Rilk or thread stock
ings underneath, and dawdle along tho pave
with bitter winds of winter smiting their
temples, their delicate oars, their throats and
the bancs of what should he their brain.
Their outward nerves shrink and quiver under
this barbarous exposure. - But no matter;
their chests are well covered with fur cloaks
and sacques, but cold feet, the numb ears,
the reddened temples, the exposed neck, will
have their own story to tell. Then you won't
wear flannel next the skin. Whyf Because
-your waists will look too large, and it is the
the style to be as near in shapeliness to that
delightful and lovely insect, the wasp, as
humanity can be forced. Do you really like
to ache and groan and to be laid aside every
fow days with agonizing headaches, or pant
ing, laboring hearts! Strange, if true!"
James Stokes, of Penn's Manor, Bucks
county. Pa., 1b thirteen years old, weighs
280 pounds and is growing heavier rapid
J. B. Richardson, of Lumkin, Ga., bat
distinguished himself by raising a rose
fire inches in diameter.
b marriage then really a failure, .
As cynical people declarer
Tls not, though it must be admitted
K changes the hue of tbe hair.
The lover is lost In the husband,
The heart yields Us place to the bead;
The hair that was auburn in courtship,
Alas 1 after marriage is red.
In marriage sweet courtship's forgotten.
The poetry fades out of life,
And the beautiful auburn haired sweetheart
Grows Into the red headed wife.
MARRIED ON THE RAIL,
Quick Work Between County Lines to gave
Getting Another License.
County Clerk Dunsmore was greatly sur
prised at receiving the following telegram
from Santa Ana:
"Can you meet Santa Fo overland east
bound train to-night with marriage license
blank t Sioralp A. Quale."
Clerk Dunsmore was astonished, but was on
hand when the train rolled in from the south,
and a rather pale, but still handsome, young
gentleman leaped from the front platform of
the Pullman and hurried toward him. There
were a few questions and answers, and the
stranger had taken the oath and the blank
was in his possession.
It so happened that aboard the train in
the same Pullman, in factwas ex-Chief of
Police Davis, who was on his way to Pasa
dena. Mr. Davis takes a paternal interest in
young people about to be married, and he
found no difficulty in entering into conversa
tion with the prospective groomsman. lie
learned that Quale was a young easterner
who had quailed before the rigors of the
climate of his Wisconsin home and fled to
California for his health. He was very
wealthy. During his short stay here he had
regained vigor, but had looked into the laugh
ing eyes of one of Santa Ana's daughters
and lost his heart there, lie was how on his
way home again, proposing to get married
by the way. Why he did not marry before
starting is still an unsettled question.
"By the way." said Chief Davis, "will you
be married in Pasadena?"
"No," replied Quala "The train does not
stop long enough there. We will wait till we
reach San Bernandino."
"But your marriage license is no good
there, having been issued in Los Angeles
The look that came over the young man's
face was pitiful, but the information was
correct, and be did not know what to do.
Davis, taking pity upon him, promised to
hunt up a minister or justice during the brief
time that the train remained at Pasadena.
Arriving there, Mr. Davis hurried out and
saw upon the depot platform a gentleman
whose looks were clerical, but who was a
stranger to him.
"Are you a minister?"
"Yes, sir?" replied the 6tranger.
"Then," said Davis, "there is a young
couple in that car who want to see you very
The minister leaped upon the train with
out hesitation. The conductor gave the sig
nal to go ahead. The train moved out. Young
Quale and his bride stood up, and while the
cars were swiftly circling the bend to La
manda park, the marriage service was re
cited to the accompaniment of the rattle of
the wheels over the rails. It was the first
marriage on record on a railway train in mo
tion in this county, or whether it was an
elopement or not is as yet unknown, for
Santa Ana has not been beard from. Los
Angles Cor. San Francisco Chronicle.
. The American cranberry differs from those
found in foreign countries by being a larger
and more upright plant, and tbe leaves are
larger and not rolled back so far. Tbe ber
ries are of a more brilliant color and larger.
Wbere the soil is sandy they are found grow
ing in bogs and are more often found in ele
vated situations. A rake is used in collect
ing them. Sometimes they are cultivated in
gardens, but they require a very moist place
and grow better on the margin of a pond.
The red whortleberries are sold under the
name of cranberries in Aberdeen and other
places, and are used for the same purpose.
A species of tbe cranberry is a native of
Virginia and Carolina, and is a shrub two
feet high and grows more like the whortle
berry than the cranberry. The fruit is noted
for its delicious flavor and is remarkable for
its transparency. It has not received the
attention or cultivation that it deserves,
Pride In the Family.
In tho olden times the negroes of the south
ern plantation and of the household were as
proud of the social position of their masters
as any of the children, ami as anxious for the
good name of any member of the family.
Tbe Southern Bivouac once told of an old
Florida mammy who showed her pride in a
quaint and characteristic style.
Her young masters, loth lads, wero con
scripted and ordered to FensarohL They
were taking a tearful leave of friends, when
the old "mammy" exclaimed:
"Now, young masters, stop dis hyer cry
in'; go and fight for your country bke men,
and mind, don't disgrace the family, nor me
A College Training.
Young Wife Wny, dear, you were the
stroke oar at college, weren't you?
Young Husband Yes, love.
"And a very prominent member of the
"I was tho leader."
"And quite a hand at all athletic exer
cises?" "Quite a band? My gracious! I was the
champion walker, the best runner, the head
man at lifting heavy weights, and as for car
ryingwhy, I could shoulder a barrel of
flour and" .
"Well, love, just please carry the baby a
couple of hours. I'm tired." Philadelphia
Ladies of the White Bouse.
Seven ex-mistresses of the White House
are living. They are: Mrs. Tyler, who
reigned in 1844, and is yet living in George
town; Mrs. Polk, who succeeded her in 1845,
and still lives in the Polk mansion in Nash
ville; Mrs. Johnson, who, as Harriet Lane,
is remembered as one of the most accom
plished of women, and is living in Baltimore;
Mrs. Grant, who is living in New York; Mrs.
Rutherford B. Hayes, of Fremont, O. ; Mrs.
Garfield, who is living at Mentor, O. ; and
Mrs. Cleveland, who will reside in New York.
Mr. Richard Mansfield has made a success
in London with his revival of "Richard I1L"
Miss Hatton, a daughter of Joseph Hatton,
the novelist and journalist, played the young
Prince of Wales in the piece, and has added
her name to the increasing list of successful
The cats, dogs and poll parrots of England
having been properly provided for, a hospital
for fish has now been established. Fish are
much exposed to dampness, and pulmonary
diseases would naturally be most common.
Dr. le Plongeon, the Central American ex
plorer, declares that he has indisputable evi
dence that the history of our country. North
America, began 110 centuries ago. In the
Mayas of Yucatan he finds all that remains
Of the early inhabitants, and evidence, in
cluding manuscripts, that the language is the
oldest living tongue in the world. The his
tory of tbe creation, the deluge and other
great epochs ore before the reader of this
ancient tongue. In many respects it is idea
ileal with the ancient Persian, and the San
skrit roots frequently appear. The story of
Atlantis is also found. The doctor's collec
tion embraces seventy-seven stereoscopic
plates and twenty terra cotta models, illus
trating houses, ruins, palaces, observatories
and other archaeological remains of great in
terest. Although the keystone arch is not
found in these ruins, the buildings are several
of them domed over. The frescoes show art
superior to that of ancient Egypt. There are
800 casts of the inscriptions also in the collec
tion and puins of the royal buildings at Cb
chen-Itca. (One of the royal residences was
found to dbntain 120 rooms. These collec
tions, it is Mpped, will find a permanent place
in some ox our museums. tiuca Herald.
and with it
Rich; Handsome, Magnificent and
No words can do justice to the Novelties exhibited.
Plants in Witchcraft.
Occasionally, when the dairy maid churned
for a long time without making butter, she
would stir the cream with a twig of moun
tain ash, and lieat the cow with another, thus
breaking the witch's spelL But, to prevent
accidents of this kind, it has long been cus
tomary in the northern counties to make
the churning staff of ash. PVr tbe same rea
son herd boys employ an ash twig for driv
ing cattle, and one may often see a mountain
ash growing near a house. On the Continent
the tree is in equal repute, and in Norway
and Denmark rowan branches are usually
put over stable doors to keep out witches, a
similar notion prevailing in Germany. No
tree, perhaps, holds such a prominent olace
in witchcraft lore as the mountain ash, its
mystic power having rarely failed to render
fruitless tbe evil influence of those enemies of
To counteract the spell of the evil eve,
from which many innocent persons were be
lieved to suffer in the witchcraft period,
many flowers have been in requisition among
the numerous charms used. Thus the Rus
sian maidens still hang round the stem of the
birch tree red rihhon, the Brahmans gather
rioe, and in Italy rue is in demand. The
Scotch peasantry pluck twigs of the ash, the
Highland women the groundsel, and the Ger
man folk wear the radish. In early times
the ringwort was recommended by Apuleius,
and later on tho fern was regarded as a pre
servative against this baneful influence. The
Chinese put faith in the garlic; and, in short,
every country has its own special plants. It
would seem, too, that after a witch was
dead and buried precautionary measures
were taken to frustrate her baneful influence
Thus in Russia aspen is laid on a witch's
grave, the dead sorceress being then prevent
ed from riding abroad. T. F. Thiselton
Dyer in Popular Science Monthly.
An Experiment with the Memory.
Starting with tho word Washington, write
down 100 words just as they occur to you.
Let your second word be the one which Wash
ington naturally suggests to you. Possibly it
wUl bo capitoL It may be president. Take
the word which first comes into your mind.
In the same manner let the third word be
suggested by the second, the fourth by the
third, and so on. Be careful that the third
word is not suggested by both the first and
second. Drop the first entirely, and let your
mind go from the second alone to the third.
Having written this list of words, you will
have furnished yonrself with a cheap but
very useful mirror of your mind. If you are
able to use this mirror, you may discover
some very serious defects in your mental pro
cesses. You may discover that you think
along certain lines too frequently. You may
discover that you are using superficial prin
ciples quite too much to the neglect of more
important laws of mind. You will thus be
led to avoid certain 1 in kings and to encouraee
others of a more philosophical nature, W.
W. White in Chautauquan.
A Spinster's Estate.
The estate of Miss Catharine Peirson, of
Richmond, Mass., has been inventoried and
has proved a groat and pleasant surprise to
her relatives. She was thought to be rich,
but no one supposed that she was possessed of
a personal estate of almost f-500,000, nearly
all in government bonds, liank aud first class
railroad stocks. Among her household goods
and apparel were fifty bonnets, dating back
as many years; seventy shawls, some of them
very valuable, and ) small glass vials that
had some time contained medicine, but were
now empty and wrapped in white tissue paper
and packed aw ay. There was also a surpris
ing collection of silks and satins. Miss Peir
son was one of the noted characters of the
county and always attracted much attention
at the cattle show, which she annually at
tended, dressed elaborately and wearing
many diamonds. Brooklyn Eagle.
Almost Any Color Suited 11 er.
Ton years ago Miss Nettie Green, of Orange,
N. J., was married to Adolphus Black a Jer
sey City preacher. Her husband dying not
long after she repeated the journey to the
altar with a Dr. Brown, of Chicago. He
died within a month, and at the end of a
year's mourning she became Mrs. Grey. But
she was doomed to misfortune with her hus
bands, and soon lost Grey also. Since then
she has been married twice, first to a Mr.
AVhite, and then to a Mr. Green. She is a
widow today, and says she will make no more
ventures in matrimony. While it cannot be
denied that her experience has been a sad
one, there is something decidedly droll about
her having "changed colors," as it were,
With each successive m-i rri (tt nnlt. f .i
up, eventually, with her original hue. Chi-
VV'UI (1 .1 1.
By Any Other Name.
Long before legislatures and markets were
agiiaieu wim tue question of oleomargarine,
iuuiusi, every gooa nerman bousewiie had a
little jar of oleomargarine of her own, which
She dkmified bv no snch loner nntnn l.t.t
which her children liked uKn their bread as
won as uiey would nave liked butter. She
bought her suet and "tried" it out over the
fire, and when its extract was entirely sur
rendered she added to about a gallon of it a
cupful of milk, a great spoonf ul of salt and
as much suirar. all whil it mu Imt.. thon d,.
strained it and sot it away to solidify, and
uouseuoius uiat coma not auord butter went
their wav reioicine. never knnwino imt w
bad not something just as nice. Harper's
Married Women In England,
Now, again, there is another reason why
we Lie England, We are more thought of
nere wnen married than in our own country.
In America tho girl, it is true, is paramount
There sue is tbe center of social life, while
over here tho girl is only a graceful and pleas
ing figure of the backgrouuil But marriage
distinguishes the English women; it extin
guishes the American. To be a girl in Amer
ica end a matron in Euglaud is to obtain the
maximum of deference and homage. We are
not averse to receiving both. LcJy in
Mr. Storey's Handkerchief.
Mrs. Storey, widow of Wilbur F. Storey,
of The Chicago Times, is said to have a large
cedar chest filled with lace handkerchiefs, all
made by French manufacturers at the special
order of her husband, who disliked to have
her use any other kind. Another of his
whims was that she should have a quart of
unset precious stones, and he bought and
bought. until a jowel casket, mado to hold
just a quart, was filled. New York Tele
gram. A Nebraska farmer' planted his pota
toes on tbe 20th of March.
SPRING HAS GOME !
the pleasure of beautifying home
- F, COHDE
W. B. BARKER
has purchased the well known
Fourth Ave. aud Tenth Street,
and hopes to retain the custom of hi predecessor.
He will make a great effort to perpetuate the good name of this
Old Established Grocery
that it has always enjoyed by dealing only in the best goods -
U. B. ZIMMER
18 RECEIVING DAILY UI3 STOCK OF
Spring and Summer Goods,
of the latest patterns. Call and examine them and remem
ber that he makes his suits up in the latest styles.
HIS PRICES A.RTC LOW.
Manufacturer of nd Dealer in all kinds of
ne lot of Children' Carriage cheap. It will pay you to call hrUre pnrt hai-.c;.
No. 100C Third Avenne.
A. J. SMITH & SON,
Lowest cash prices. .
125 and 127 West Third St.,
new pieces of-
1623 Second Aven
is reserved for-
Opp. Harper House,
HOUSEKEEPERS tor Soups Gravies, Etc CnTM
for NURSES n t! 'il'"P water a delicious BKHFTEl
la instantly provided. INVALIDS wi And it apprttifc
pivlnptonetotlieW KAKKST STOM ACH. Gunnintd to
be ri"KK ISKKF KSSKNCK. Put up In convenient I
a?OS of txitb SOLII AND FLV1I EXTRACTS.
BY DRUCCISTS AND CROCERS.
COMPLETE LV ALL ip '
Eor catalogues addreM v
jr. o. dtjhsaj;.
Call and compare stoc&
opp. Masonic Temple,