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THE TIOCK ISTiAKP ABQPffi TUESDAY, JANUAKY 14, 1890.
THE FATE OF THE FARMER
Is the Honest Avocation on the De
Tk Paper Head Before the Kffft
Coast ty laatltateby It. Uml
The I'aaal Rraolafiona.
One of the roost Interesting papers
presented at tlie recent meeting of
the Count Farmer' Institute at Milan
last Friday was tbat of Mr. IT. L. Fran
ing, of Milan, on the "Decline of the
Farmer." It was freely discussed and
awakened a great deal of difference of
opinion and much exchange of thought
followed. The papt-r is published in
When the untutored range natures
eldest child first occupied the earth and
freely roamed where be would, and took
aa he wished, hia waees were tbe full
amount tbat bis strength and cunning
enabled him to gather from the elements
of nature the earth, tbe sea, me air from
which all productions are originally
drawn. In those primitive days ere yet
tbe soil bad been parce.ed out to Indl
Tldual owners, and before the accumu
lated earnings of bygone days and
rloened Into capital, each was bis own
employer and his wages, fixed by nature,
were tbe full product of bis toil. If,
then, natural wages are tbe undivideJ
amount that tbe energy and skill of roan
brines forth, It follows tbat whatever
adds to thia turn Increases natural wages,
too. From the time man first exerted
energy to satisfy his wants his constant
endeavor has been to obtain the greatest
amount for tbe. smallest expenditure o
time and strength; thia desire so naturally
leads him to exchange the products of
bis own handiwork for that of others
whenever he can profit by It that in all
lands and ages it has required artificial
laws to keep htm from it. The desire to
better our condition by free exchange is
as natural1 as our breath, it prompts the
child to trade his marbles for a horn; the
Indian to barter his furs for a siring of
beads, and calls into being all tbe mar
velous Instruments and tools of trade that
have helped to civilize tbe world and
minister to the wants of man. The idea
of ownlntr property instinctively carries
with it the consciousness of riirht to use
to sell or to barter as tbe possessor sball
see fit; and until tbat privilege shall be
obtained; until man, moed by avarice
and creed, shall no longer seek for mean
and selfish ends to deny this freedom to
bis fellow man; until tbat day comes
human liberty will be still a dream. Ver
llv hath it been written down "that from
him who hath much, little sball be taken
and from him who bath little sball be
taken even tbat which he bath. I think
I never fully understood this text nntil
studied tbe philosophy of farming. Since
tbe world began tbe tiller of the soil has
been a subordinate. Often has he been
slave. There has always been somebody
to lord it over him and make him a prey
tbe agriculturalist has invariably excelled
In numbers and In physical strength. Tbe
American farmer baa been regarded as an
exception. He was supposed to have
turned over a new leaf in history. In
the earlier days of the republic with tbe
title to tbe soil which was our main re
source and reliance, he voa the master.
Socially and physically be flood at tbe
head. He was rich by comparison, and
remarkably intelligent. He realized bis
superiority and woe to the man tbat gave
him offense I So strong was his position
lb lit it appeared to be invulnerable. The
man who fifty years ago would have pres
dieted tbat the'farmcr could be super
ceded in the control of affairs among us
would have been set down aa crazy or
malignant. And yet it is today a ques
tion whether, after all. he ia to be an ex
ception to the general lot of the earth's
cultivators. He has certainly lost posi
tion. It cannot be seriously claimed
tbat he now holds more than secondary
place. In public affaire he is no longer
first consulted, be is hardly consulted at
all. Financially, in comparison with
others tbat might be named, he is poor,
and in social life wherever fashionable
standards prevail, be has been unevre
monlonaly relegated to tbe rearmost
Nothing perhaps more pathetically
testifies to his declension tbat tbe attend
ance upon our leading schools and uni
versities. From fifty to seventy-five
years ago at least two-thirds, if not nine
tenths, of their students were farmers'
sods, large, brawny and brainy fellows
who wore home-made clothes and prac
ticed rigid economy. ODe such speci
men within the writer's recollection,
walked sixty miles to bis institution, not
only carrying bis necessary belongings
upon his back, but driving before bitn
one Of his father's cows whose milk was
to assist In sustaining the body while tbe
mind was drinking at the clastic font.
From the schools tbe rustics entered tbe
learned professions, divinity and law, and
pushed their way to the first positions in
tbe land. But now the country uoy ap
pearing in garments home-spun and
home-made and setting tip to be bis own
housekeeper, would le a nrra ari) at
any one of our flrsti:lais seats of learn
ing. He would have a bard time of it
among bis companions of fine, feathers
and fine waya. Our colleges eel their
students from tbe cities and towns. The
sons of gentlemen so called, crowd the
learned profesaior.a, while tbe farmers'
boys, who, weary of their fathers' occu
nation and decide upon a change, enter
tbe trades, become railroad employes,
hacksters and the smaller shopmen.
Socially, tbey go down instead or up.
But a more significant change ia to te
seen in our legislative balls. Here tbe
farmer once predominated. He not only
made, but be executed the laws. Tbe
first president of the United States was a
farmer. So was the first vice president.
Of the first ten presidents eight wore
directly interested in agriculture; not
only has the farmer largely retired from
congress, especially from the upper
branch, where his place baa been taken
by the millionaire, manufacturer, the rail
road magnate and the lumber king, bnt
be be is rapidly disappearing from tbe
state legislature where he once reigned
supreme. The New England state used
to be almost aolidly agricultural, but the
roster of their present senates shews seven
manufacturers and three manufacturers'
lawvers to two farmers. So slow has
been bis educational progress in public
matters in tbe recent presidential cam
paign which was notoriously a cam
palgn of "boodle seem to have con
cluded that In the closer districts it was
easier to buy than Instruct him. So ob
vlous are these things that, while our
public men in shaping pending measures,
. closely study tbe votes tbat sells for tbe
highest by blocks of five, and have almost
ceased to regard tbe farmer vote as worth
considering. In all this there is nothing
mysterious. It is purely a matter of
dollars and cents. Money tells the whole
story. Tbe farmer deteriorates because
relatively he ia growing poor. The evi
dence Is visible to every beholder, because
no one so clearly exposes his condition as
If he is prosperous be builds new
bouses and barns, and dresses np his
plaos; if not. he simply repairs old build
ings, or neglects his premises altogether.
Anyone going through the country
will now see very few signs of improve
ment among agrkcuHurtaU. except in
newer sections, where new Duuatngs
mean fresh mortgages. But U U a matter
of statistics. In 1860 tbe farmers bad
one-half of the wealth of the country;
they constituted one-half of the popula
tion. Between 1800 and Jwj. as me
records show, tbey bided f4.122.588.481
to their possessions; but during tbe same
period the other hair or the population
added 123,359,791,851. or five to one of
theirs. As the farming population
largely increased during that time, it
would not be difficult to show that the
average of loss and gain in respect to
property was against it. iluthow has It
been since 1880 J How many farmers since
laea have become millionaires in the
prosecution of their business? When has
wheat been ao low? We will quote from
the last convention.
At St. Louia. Mo., Oct. 24. 1889, tbe
Interstate Wheat Growers' convention
met with N. J. Colrnan in tbe chair. R
Llndblom, a Chicago speculator and co-
operator, who was a blessing to monopoly
and and a blessing to bnmanity, also con
tended there was no foundation for tbe
cry or overproduction in the last nve
years. While production or wheat bad
decreased 2 per cent, tbe price bad do
creased 28 per cent. Cheap wheat was a
good sublect for the home market to
The flush times among agriculturists,
during and after tbe war, were before
1880. But here statistics come to the
front for 189 for Illinois: A summary
of that volumn is to be found on page 86.
showing the total mortgages of 102
counties. No. of band mortgages,
92.777; total. $147,320,054; property en
cumbered. 8.082.794 From statistics
on tbe same pace there were filed in i
single year. 1887, 125,923 new mort
gases for f 117,152.857. covering 2.187.
632 acres of land Counting our popu
lation at 4.000,000 it maks a debt of
520 for tbe head of every family, while
the new debt contracted in 1887 alone
$146.25. for each head of family. Rock
Inland county for 1887 for lands, f 1.317.
939; lots, $1,974,152; personal property
184,533; total, $3,376,624. Over 23 per
cent of tbe lands are mortgaged, and at
an average of $17.49 an acre.
Our present congress is devising
scheme to subsidize our ships to compete
for foreign trade, aa this is done by tbe
English and foreign countries. I will
read tbe latest report issued by tbe bureau
of statistics at Washington. Dec. 23
1889. In 1870 $346,000 of our farm
products went to tbe Argentine Republic
In 1888 only $113,179 was exported from
our farm products; from England in 1859
to tbe same place was $4 086.851. while
in 18S8 they were $38,102,334. With
Brazil: In 1859 we sold tbat country
$6,018,901 worth of goods. In 1888
trade increased to only $7,137,000. I
1859 we bought of them $22,419,819. I
18S8 we bought $53,710,234. Now Mr
Frye has introduced a bill to com pen
sate our ships to compensate with for
eign ships who receive subsidies. Sta1
tistics show they get $4,500,000 mail for
tbe English merchants' fleet which has
5.196 steamers, representing $1,100,000,
000 capital: this is $1 subsidy for every
$244,000 of capital. Mr. Frye proposes
a compensation for them of about $6 per
2iS 19$SX3QS2S. iM tJH 1.111-
den, $4 per mile for second class. Now,
if there is no mistake about this, the com
pensation for carrying mails from New
York to Liverpool would be $18,000 in
round figures for each voyage. Assuring
a ship would make twelve round trips a
year, the compensation lor each ship
would be $216,000. This would be more
than the entire cost of tbe ship in three
years. But it would cost lis a great deal
to get a merchants' marine in the foreign
trade equal to that of Great Britain in
Ibis way. By the time we had secured
the capacity of their amount of tonnage,
it would be costing us at least $25,000,-
000 a year.
What tbat means needs no expiana
tion. All tbe world pities the poor Irish
man, who, because he can't pay the
Tint," is evicted from his holding; but
wherein is his case harder than that of
the American agriculturalist, who, lie-
cause be cant meet tbe interest, is dis
possessed of bis borne with tbe los of all
The same contrast appears on the
stage. "Only Farmer a Daughter has
been a popular American play. We see
nothing Incongruous in the Jiilc, but in
England it would he as meaningless as
among us would be "Only a Banker's
Daughter" or "Only a Rail President's
The investment of capital has been
carefully compiled by tbe best source of
Oa Investments In farm lands per cent
" In railroads, stesitnoata
and shipping 4 per rent
On lnsttni nt in railroad mortgages S per cent
in city, tenement ana
business houses 5 per rent
On lcvestmeuts In farm mortgsees. . .. T per cent
In active mining luc'nd
Ing coal 6 per cent
On Investments In tclegTspb. telephone,
etc.. (actual cost) 10 per cent
On Investments In electric and gag liitht 8 per cent
In banking 13 per rent
" In merchandise 10 per cent
" in manufacturing not
having tartB productions tl percent
On Investments la manufacturing not
having la rid and trusl 40 per rent
The farmer's case is admirably illus
trated in one of Esop's Inimitable fables.
It is tbe story of the frogs, who, getting
tired of their old humdrum ruler, King
Log, decided tbat tbey would have a new
and spirited sovereign, and so selected
the stork to be the king, who, as soon as
be got fairly over them, proceeded most
energetically to eat them up. Tbe
American farmers have not only one, but
many. King Hlorks in trusts and other
monopolies, which their favorite tan II
policy has set over tbem, and which are
devouring tbem with a gusto that proves
tbem to be possessed of a most royal
The eloquent Tat rick Henry said: "We
can only judge the future by the past
Look at tbe past:
When Earypt went down 8 tier cent of
her population owned 87 per cent of her
wealth. Tbe people were starving.
When Babvlon went down 2 per cent
of the population owned all the wealth.
Tbe people were starved.
When rersia went down 1 per cent oi
the population owned all tbe land.
When Rome went down 1, 800 men
owned all the known world.
For the past twenty years tbe United
Slates has rapidly followed in tbe steps
of those o'.d nations. In 1835 capitalists
owned 87 per cent of tbe nation's
wealth. In 1880 they owned 63 per
We rarely hear, "I am a farmer,"
spoken in England, except in a tone of
manifest pride, although probably com
ing from the lips of a mere leaabolder.
Ownership of the soil there gives an lw
portance that to an American seems pes:
tlvely comical. England is ruled by her
agriculturalists. Her greatest statesmar,
Gladstone, is a farmer; her leading par
liamentarians belong to tbe land gentry.
Agricultural interests are their interests,
and they study them closely. District
agricultural meetings in England are
grand affairs. Tbe noble lord this, or the
nobie duke that. The biggest man in tbe
neighborhood ia called to the chair, and
the speeches are reported in all tbe local
papers, and quite often in the metropolis
Nowhere, perhaps, is the contrast in
conditions more strikingly shown than in
the comic pictorial. The typical farmer
in American Puck, is a scarecrow. He
la a lean, sallow creature, his pantaloons
barely reaching bis knees. The farmer
n BritUh Puck is just the opposite. He
is a portly individual, with a countenance
beaming with roast beef and good na-
ture, clumsily, but superabundantly
clothed, and altogether -cspectable.
Oen. Garfield When, an a representative
in congress, said: "Modern scholars
hip is on the side of tar II reform. Noth
ing can oe said against a revenue tarm
decade. Tbe decade from 1850 to 1860
was full of peace and t rosperity. The
aggregate of real estite and persona
property in the United a ates in 1800 was
In round numbers $',135,000,000; In
1860 it was $16,159,000. XX) an increase
ot 126 per cent, while the population in
creased but 85 per cent.' Mr. McVeagh,
who was attorney genen.l under Garfield,
has gone over bodily from tbe platform
tariff of protection with incidental protec
tion, "to tbe platform for protection with
incidental revenue.' If r. McVeagh evi
dently understands th . significance of
such facts and accepts tteir teaching. He
evidently doea noticcept their late doc
trine that it ia the di ty of a paternal
government to bull the silver market for
the benefit of the silver producers, or tbe
iren market for tbe banflt of the iron
companies, or the glial market for the
benefit of the glass manufacturers. Of
one fact we are fully assured by all the
histories our fathers rot only did not
approve tbe home market tiven them by
the Boston port bill, t ut it met their
united and determined opposition. . Nor
was tbe opposition confined within the
boundaries of the old Bay state, but, like
a fire kindled in dry stubble, it ran
through all the colonial The Boston
tea party of 1773 found its culmination
in tbe Philadelphia tea party of 1776.
One of the causes wbicl led to tbe sep
aration was tbe ideal hone market which
tbe king bad given to all tbe colonlea. or
to express it in their own clear and cx
plir.it language, "for cutting off our trade
with all parts of the wor d. History re
peats itself, and tbe farmers are here to
day remonstrating with our government
for its wrongful interference with their
business, depressing tleir industries.
paralyzing the labor, impoverishing our
people and cutting off our foreign trade,
And today, to thia admit istration. aa our
fathers said to the King George aud
Lord North: Yoa ba"e no right to
close our ports Tarilf reform at the
head of the Mohawks in December 1887,
threw the tea overboard, and called on
the battle for vindicatior of their rights.
Thev had their Lexingtons and Bunker
Hills in 18S8; they had their Saratoga in
1889, ank they will have their Yorktown
In that contest the part 7 principally in
teresied on one side, mast by reason of
his position and numberf, be the farm
er; while on tbe other will be trusts
and the privileged class js that are fat
tened at his expense.
Which will win? Which should win
n. L. Franing, of the Hennepin canal
committee, addressed to 'he secretary of
tbe institute a resolution on the Hen
nepin canal. The resolution was of
fered by W. C. Wilson, of South Moline,
and adopted as follows:
Whereas. The Question af better
transportation is of the lirst importance
to the farmers of tbe west. Therefore
J 'J&jfl'foViJ, TftluVe urge upon our mem
bers of congress and npoa our senators
at Washington, to use evety effort to se
cure the early passage of the bill in favor
of tbe building of the Hennepin canal.
The Chicago, Burlingtm & Quincy
company have issued a ne and stringent
order prohibiting intemp ranee on tbe
part of station agents, traimnen.engineers
and telegraph operators. These employes
are warned to desist from f -equenting sa
loons if they desire to remt.in in the em
ploy of tbe company. Druukenness.
either on or off duty, is trade cause for
discharge. In special casts, and when it
is tbe first offense, the si perintendenls
and the master mechanics may use tbelr
discretion, but in tbe case of a second
offense tbe delinquent oust be dis
charged. No person thus ( ischarged can
be again employed without the consent
of tbe general manager.
The discharge of a loot; list of Rock
Island conductors, on account of the
provcrabial treachery and dishonesty of
tbat particular fraternity of train robber?,
is denied at the headqtiarte-a here. The
conductors on the Rock Ielt nd are nearer
ripe tor heaven today tbtn they have
ever been, and General Pai senger A cent
Sebastian hasn't misled i cent. This
story probably grew out ot the fct that
Conductors Andrew J. I'artridge and
James F. Ravnor, two of the oldest con
ductors in tbe service of tie road, have
made up their minds to the tact that they
have made about mileage enough, and
have concluded to take tbe honorary de
gree and retire from the sr-vice. They
have both been punching tickets on tbe
Rock Island ever since trains ran on it
and bave earned a lay-off. But tbey will
both be missed by their fne ids, and tbey
have plenty of them. Dav.'nport Demi'
Ihiring the rear lSs fiftr-seven wool
dtiilcrs and woolen manufacturers failed,
with liuhilitit amounting Ho $.1,037,000
mid onset aiiiniintiDg to fl.S7G,000.
Tlii was prt-tty good from a high pro
tection jHint of rifw, aa uany of the
failures were iloulitls due o the fear of
Mr. t 'lov'l:nd"i re-fl.-ction.
Unfortunately, during the year JS89,
wvctit y-tu-o wool ilenlent ami woolen
Hiiitiiifuctiirers failed, wilh liabilities
amounting to $10,442.(KM mid assets
amounting to $7,032,000.
The failures iu 1S89 will, f course, be
aserilMMl to the mild win tel. But Eng
land had alao a mild winter, and lite
pmHtterity of lier woolen Mid worsted
mills has not lieen bo great in ten years.
Secretary Windom also hits increased
the tarill on worsteds, ho 1 lint no fault
can lie found on that score. A plausible
suggestion for the improvement of the
woolen situation would 1 loss protec
tion and more brains. T'e ppoKite plan
has bad a fair trial in. -
Tliero have been bo many roblieries of
late in the suburl of Paris that the io-
hco have unearthed an oM "circular,
which enjoins the iuhaUvUits of the
Banlieue, as it is called, to close the
doors of their houses aud Aie gates of
their courtyards by a certain hour in the
evening. This, at first sight , appears to
le rather an odd proceeding as the sub
urban residents might have ln expect
ed under the circumstances to require
no bint of this kind. The )olice, how
ever, neem to have some particular
houses in their eye, as they hive learned
by experience that several ot the burg
lars whom they hare pursued have found
their way into certain doraicli-s, tbe doors
of which had been left conveniently
open, as if to offer them a refuge. Ia
future, according to the "c rcular" in
voked, only public establishn ents wboee
clobing is regulated by special ordinance
will be permitted to keep t-heir doors
open after 9 o'clock in '.he winter
months. Paris Cor. London Telegraph.
Every grocer and druggist sella Black
Hawk Medicated Tar soap. Prise Ave
cents a cake.
Twenty -ne deceased persoi it have been
cremated at Rosedale, near Los Angeles,
Cat., the last one only a few ays ago.
II eei las ar Teaeaere.
There ia to be a teachers' meeting at
Port Byron next Saturday, beginning at
10 a. m. Following will be questions
1. Is our manner of teaching read
ing upon the line of thought develop
I. How can we create in pupils a
taste tor good general reading?
8 What is good reading matter for
children of tbe various grades, and bow
can it be supplied to them?
There will also be a lesson upon phy
siology and hygiene by Principal J. A.
Are your bands chapped? Use Black
Hawk Tar soap healing and pleasant.
The Crown dining hall, No. 1708 Sec
ond avenue, is now ready to furnish yon
the best meal in the city for 25 cents.
150,000 to loan on real estate security,
in sums of $200 and upward, at lowest
current ratea of interest, without com
mission. E. W. nurst. Attorney at
law, Rock Island.
Modern Hoasea For Bala
On monthly installments by Guyer &
Barth ft Babeoek, Dentists.
No, 1724 Second avenue. Special atten
tion paid to saving the natural teeth and
Inserting teeth without plates.
Surety en Bonds.
Those who are required to give bonds
in positions of trust, and who desire to
avoid asking friends to become their
sureties, or who may wish to relieve
friends from further obligations as bonds
man, should apply to tbe agent of tbe
American Surety Co., of New York.
General Insurance Agent,
Rock Island, 111.
Tourists are taxed 25 cents for the
privilege of picking a dozen oranges in
some of the Florida groves. Oranges re
tail in Florida and southern California at
about the same price asked for them in
the Chicago fruit stores.
Waked Up BffactuaUv.
A lethargic, dormant condition of the
liver is hardly to be overcome with dras
tic cathartics and nauseous cbolagogues.
A gentler, pleasanter and far more effec
tive means exists of arousing the organ
when somnolent. This is Hostetter's
Stomach Bitters, vouched for by the
medical fraternity, tested by the public
for many years. A resumption by tbe
biliary organ of its secretive function
with the aetivity attendant upon health.a
return to regularity of the bowels, and a
renewal of digestion, are tbe no less
happy and certain results of using the
bitters systematically. Its laxative effect
is never painful and drenching, its ten
dency being rather to perpetuate regu
larity than to produce a copious action.
Malaria, nervousness, debility, kidney
troubles and neuralgia it subdues effec
Jthn Chamberlin. of Washington, is
at the head ot a company incorporated
with the object of building a hotel at
Old Point Comfort. Va, to rival tbe fa
mous Hjgcia in size and costly appoint
ments. The Three U races
are represented with perfectly developed
forms beauty and health combined.
No decayed-toothed man or woman can
be healthy, because digestion must be im
perfect. Use Sozodont, get healthy
teeth, good digestion and a sound body
Revive tbe three gracea.
The game cock is always pretty well
heeled when he goes out on a business
Bard Goal Market-
Orate and egg, $7.50; stove, No. 4 and
nut. 7. 75 per ton, screened and deliv
ered; 25 cents per ton discount allowed
if paid within ten days. Cannel coal
for gratea, $6 per ton. Now ia the time
to buy. Blacksmiths' coal, coke and
charcoal on band. . O. Frazer.
Notice to the Public
Rock Island, 111, Jan. 10. 1890.
I will now receive cash bids for the en
tire stock of clothing, hats, caps, gloves.
trunks and gent's furnishing goods be
onging to the estate of Abram Loeb.
II. P. IIcll, Assignee,
loft Coal for lala
At my yard, corner of Eleventh street
and Tenth avenue, at ten cents per bush
el. B. Davenport.
Aug. 30, 1839.
The girl who hangs up tbe biggest
piece of mistletoe doesn t get kissed tbe
OTICK TO CONTRACTORS.
Sealed proposals will be recrlved at the Cltv
Clerk's office, city of Rock Island, nntil Monday
tbe 8d day of February. A. I). 1SU0. at S o'clock r
a. for constructing the improvements ordered by
ordinances or said city, wnicn were adopted
November Iflth and December ltlth 189, respec
tively, and are milled "An ordinance for tbe itn.
nrovement of Second avenue from tbe west line
of Fourteenth street to the west line of Niatb
street In the city of Rock Island :" also, "in or
dtnance for the Improvement of Twentieth stree t
from tne norm line or nrst avenue to the sontu
line of Ninth avenue in the city of Rock Island
and for the levying of special tax therefor.
and for furnishing the materials and doing the
work according to tue plans and anecincations
Tbe aald improvement ordered by said ordi
nances consists of curbine with curbstones,
excavating, grading. Improving and paving with
paving brick of good quality, thirteen blocks of
streets in said title of said ordinances set out.
The said improvement must be constructed
and the materials therefor furnished must be In
accordance with the plans and specifications for
said improvement on die in the aaid city clerk's
office, at which aaid otllrc, said plans and epecin
cations are open to the inspection of all persons
interested therein. Contractors are to rurnisn
samples of brick with which work Is to bs done
Bricks used in the work must correspond with
the samples in quality and style. All bids must
bs accompanied with a certified check in the sum
of Five Hundred Dollars, payable to the order of
the city treasurer of aaid city, which shall be
come forfeited to aaid city in case the bidder shall
fail to enter Into contract, with approved sureties,
to execute the work for the price mentioned in his
bid, and according to tna plans and speculations
in tbe event that the contract should be awarded
The contractor Is also required to obey the ordi
nance relating to the eight hour labor svstem for
contract work done by the city of Rock Islaud,
passed November 4th, 1889.
Blank bids win be furnished on application at
the city clerk's office. All bidders and ether
persons may attend at the opening of said bids.
The right to reject any and all bids orpropo-
saia reoeiveu is nereoy expressly reserved.
ROBERT KOEHLER, city Clerk.
Dated this 9th day of January, 1WW-
MHIUl ATkB tfci il I
BiMHmoNN v kxrkNHaa
iaioviBrfJwr-i ircTaie sttl ass sisKSMir
r aartiaa 4itxjl-. aoskf, uu for tm..rii pr-
fom, bn af Buirtln lulim, (I'tBS SIM, SMtb-
lac. f bnaS f klmrhHtj through all VKAl
r-AKTH. nurlH tins M HBALTM aaa VHMIROI'B STBJtBUTH.
U Imh.1I), r w forfait a&.sw la eul
1 il.u aa. Hi mm. Wsrat
sMsmitl imrm to thnm svamiba. Healed Mapblt Frva.
aUn IUCTKI0OO., l LmH fctNiCABi. ill
Pay Your Taxes
ine lazes ror lssu are now
due and payable to the Collec
tor at County Treasurer's office
in court house building.
WANTED A HHST CLASS. KXPKRIKN
cd Plow maker; apply by letter or in per
son to F. C. Aaatin Mfg. t., cmcago, iu
NEW COTTAGE OF FIVE
rooms. No. 1221 Elm street; enquire or W.
Qnavle. No. SfttS Thirteenth avenue.
T7OR SALE VALUABLE
nmvement na Klevatnra. Now ia operation at
Star Finishing Work. 8385 Hamilton 8u, Ptailada.
Pa; preserves life and limb; for full portico lara
apply to KOBT J. WALKER. Inventor.
ALESMAN WANTED AT ONCE, LOCAL OR
traveling : bie w, steady work; atoca war
rantee: quick selling spermines; oumi ire.,
perfence unnecessary. JAMES E. WHITNEY,
nOT nm nurseryman, nucneaier, a. a,
SALESMEN WANTED TO SOLICIT FOR
oar well-known Nnrrery; Rood wages paid
every week; permanent employment guartnteed.
Write at once, before territory taken, stating age.
15 CHASE BROS' CO.. Chicago, 111.
VTTANTED. A LADY TO
Branch office, at her own home, for the Fa
mous Female Hpecinc "Orange Lliy"; a splendid
opportunity; address with stamp. The Dr. Coon
ley Medical Institute. South Bend, Ind.
TTTANTKD AN OIL SALESMAN. ON COM-
W mission, for the Lubricating oil trade: ad
dress to The Uieterichs Oil
Co., 8S Weat Waah-
Ington St., Chicago. 111.
W ANTED RELIABLE LOCAL AND TRAV
cling salesmen; positions permanent; spec
ial inducement now; fast selling specialties.
Don't delay: salary from the start.
BROWN BROS., Norserymen, Chicago, 111.
STATE OF ILLINOIS,
Rock Island Cochti,
In the Circuit Court of said county to tbe January
Catherine Moore, Samuel W. Lincoln, M. V.
Richards, Hans Laee, M. W. Woodford, L. J.
Bengtston, Barton Malcolm, James F. Mont
gomery, Martha Thomas Roellie Coryn,
Desire Coryn and Mary J. Macbeth.
W. B. Bnifleld, Renben Wells. The Unknown
Heirs-at-law of Joel Wells, deceased, Dennis
Warren, William A. Nonrra, Laura A. Noarse,
Jane M. Weatherhead, Elixa Babcock, Eunice
L. Mill, Louisa 1. Bryant and Antonelte Henry
Affidavit of the non -residence of the aatd W. B.
Bnrfleld, Reuben Wells and Louisa J. Bryant, and
that the netre at law of Joel W ells, deceased, are
unknown and made parties as the unknown heirs
at law of Joel Weils, deceased, having been lied
in the clerk's office of the circuit court of Rock
Island county, state of Illinois, notice is therefore
nereDy given to the earn non-resident defendants,
and unknown heira of Joel Wells, deocased,
that the complainants filed their bill of comp'alnt
in earn conn en me cnancery s ae inereor on toe
27th day of November. 1869. and that thereupon
summons issued out of said court, wherein said
suit is now pending, returnable on the first Hon
day in the month of January next, as ia by law
Now. unless you. the said non-resident defen
dants above named, and the unknown hrirsat law
of Joel Wells, deceased, shall personally be and
pear oeiore sain circuit conn on me nrst uav
the next Mar term thereof, to be holden at Rock
Island in and for said count v, on the first More
day in May next, and plead, answer or de
mur to the said complainant's bill of complaint
and the same and the matters and things there
in charged and stated will be taken aa con.
fessed, and a decree entered against yon aecord-
loew me prayer or saia Dili.
Rock Island, 111., December, 83, 1889.
GEO. W. GAMBLE.
Clerk of Circuit Court.
W. R.MOORI AWn OUTER ISvitviT. Sol Iri tors
Public notice is hereby given that
and Koca Island Horse Railroad Comnanv. will
ai a meeting oi ine cuy eonncu or the city ol 1
kock isiana, to tte Held on Monday the Bin riapffTftf
2111 J li II I ii'H St HIS Li y council rooms In
the city ot Rock Island in the state of Illinois,
(and at all subsequent meetings.) present its pe
tition to said city council, requesting said city
conncil to gram it the right to construct, main
tain and operate a double or single track alreet
railway upon and along Nineteenth street in said
cuy iron) me intersection or said street wilD
Second avenue to iu intersection wilh Third ave
nue In said city ; also upon and along Fifteenth
street in aaid city, from its Intersection with
Third avenue to iu intersection with Fonrth ave
nue, and from said last named intersection west
upon and along Fourth avenue to Its Intersection
witn Mni u street, and from said last named inter
section south upon and along Ninth street to
Eleventh avenue in said city, with the right to
connect the same with tbe tracks of said Horse
Railroad Company, and of the Union Street Kail
war Company, and to operate the same in con
Dated this 4th dav of Jannarv. A. T. 1890.
TBI MOLIMC AMD RoCK IsLaSO HOKSS RAIL
-Kit By C. B. HOLMES, President.
Notice Is hereby Piven. thst the undernamed
has been apiw.nted assignee of Abram Loeb, and
all persons holding any claim or claims against
said Abram Loeb are hereby notified to present
tbe same to him under oath or affirmation within
three months from this date, whether said claims
are due or not. All persons Indebted to said I
siroor are requested to make prompt payment of
Dated December 24th. 1SK.
IIUNRY P. nCLL, Assignee
COKTORTABLE and ELEGANT,
For Sale by Leading; Dealers.
irra Cclely ty "vTX EAEKS2, Troy.H.Y
The Hotel Eastman,
LITTLE ROCK. ARK.
The largest and finest RENOKT IIOTRI. in
America, with the finest Bath Honses In tbe world
connected, will open (under management of O. G.
harbom.oi w hite Mountain Hotels) for season of
1HW0, January 15th. Tickets should be bonirht via
r-u ixiuis auu iron .mountain a rtouuern K K.
rSl TT H KIH
l t.llM'lTVn VA.
I'OK H Til at home with
I'l K E M 1' A X F. "S T
as shown in cut. Cures
Colds, Influenza, Rheumat
ism and Malaria, l'rlr-eaii.
Bent, C. O. I.. by express.
wiui run aireetirma.
PKTKK I. PINKK.
1179 Sd Avenue, New York.
J. A. ItEAKDSLEY,
ATTORNEY AT LAW Office wltk 1.
worthy, lTSS Second A venae.
ATTORKIT AT LAW. Office In Reek
A, .National Bank Building, Bock IalaaA, HI
a. . swxxxrr. a. u. waxs.
1 TTORKKTB A KB COTJ7TB KLLOItS AT LAW
autaas la xsangi ton's bloek. Bock I aland, IB.
ATTORNEY'S AT LAW Loan money on rood
it security, make collections. Keference. Mitch-
ell A Lynde, bankers. Office in Postomca block
THE DAILY ARGUS.
FOB 8Al.lt IVRRY BYKXTHO at Craaapaaa
M ews Dtand. It va aanta per copy.
D. 8. Bl'HUKEMAS,
4 RCTimiCT AND STJPKRTNTENDBWT. Man
rumoa Ctncnnattt, Oblo; Branca
first National Bank, Rock Island,
ST. LUKE'S COTTAGE HOSPITAL,
01 THIRD AVENUK, between Tenth aa
Sieves th streets. fab 14-tt
Ml. 0. KULP, D. D. S.
OFFICE BXMOYXO TO
Rooms as, ST. ts and tt.
Take Eevator. DAVf NlORT, IA.
The first coal shipped Into this market
from Mercer county was from the mines
of it. B. Ellis In tue fall of 1876, and
hence given tbe name it still bears. It is
well known to be tbe best sold in tbe
market, and other merchants hare adop
ted the same name and offering an in
ferior article for tbe genuine . Don't be
deceived, bnt bny the genuine celebrated
Mercer county coal of T. H. Ellis, oa
Second avenue, opposite St. Joseph's
church. The office has not been removed
but is there still, and ia the only place ia
the market selling the old and genuine
article. Telephone 1038.
COR. WASH, ft 3d ATE. I.
From SI) years' experience In Hos-j
nltal and Private practice is enaoteoi
to guarantee radical tnres in Chronic
or do sonoDS diseases of the blood. rV
throat, no-e, akin, kidneys, bladder! im
i j , i . i . i v
ana ainarea orvans. unvri anu uio-fri
ture enred witaout pain or cutting.
Those who contemplate going mi
Hot Hpnna-s ror tne treatment or any
invate or blood diseases can neenrea
or one-third the cost.
I AHIPQBr thi" treatment a
LnUluO lovelv complexion, free
from sallownesa. freckles, eruptions.
etc., brilliant eves and perfect health
can be nad. fsr-Tnai "tired reel
ing" and all female weakness prompt
lv AflrMl Rlntfns kpiitu-hiM. NaJ
vons Prostration, and Kleeolessnesa.V
Ovarian troubles. Inflammation and Ulceration.
Falling and displacements. Spinal weakness and
Change of Life. Consult the old doctor.
MtRVril l2 rnysicat and organic weaa
lltrtVWUO, riess. premature decay. ev
forebodings, self-distrust, impaired memory, pal
pitation or the heart, pimples on the face, specks
before the BTK, ringln. in the ear. catarrh,
threatened consumption and every disqualifica
tion that renders marriage Improper and unhappy
8PKBDILT and PERMANENTLY cared.
BLOOD AND SKIN
horrible In Its result completely eradicated
without the use of mercury. Scrofula, Erysipe
las. Fever So es. Blotches. Pimples, Ulcers, pain
in the Head and Bones, Byphf Itic bore Throat and
Tongoe, Glandular enlargement of the Neck,
rineumartam, etc., enred when others have railed.
Rl IPTI I DP Cured without patn or hind
n U r I U r C ,,,., from business,
1 1 P I K) A P V i2Reeently contracted or
UnillHrtli chronic diseases POSITIVELY
enred la S to S days by local remedy. No nan
seona drugs nsed. Medicines mailed or express
ed to any address free from observation. Char
ge fair. Terms Cash. Book and question list
16c. A friendly talk cost nothing.
HOURS: 10 a. m. to IS mt to 8 and 7 to 8 p.m.
Sunday: S to S p. m.
Wash. At. 8.
356 Jackson St.,
St. Paul, Minn.
SpeedilT Cures all Private, Nervous,
Chronic and Bload and Skin Diseases
of both Sexes, without the use
of Mercury or Hindrance
NO CURE, NO PAY.
Svphllis, Gleet, Stricture, and all old, lingering
eases, where the blood has become poioned
canaing nicer, blotches, sore throat and mouth,
nains in the head and bones, and all diseases of
the Kidacys and Bladder, and all diseases ae-
nnired from exnosnre are CURED FOR I 1FE.
Man of all aacs who are suffering from the ter
rible effects of Seminal weakness, Sexual debill
tv aud loss of Sexual power aa the rasa it of
Toothful Indiscretion, or excesses of mature
years, producing emissions, nervousness, loss of
memory, &c are thoroughly and permanently
Ur. Feller, who has had many years experience
In this specialty, is a graduate from one of the
leadinv medical colleges of the country. He baa
ever failed in curing any cases that be has un
dertaken. Cases and correspondence eareaiy
confidential. Call or write for list of questions.
Medicines sent by mail and express everywnere.
Dr. IZhn Dyk'S
IF NOT, TRY IT.
EiRTZ BAHXSEN, Wholesale Agents.
I1A.RTZ & BAIINSKN.
Wholesale A stems. Rock Island.
QUALITY I If
C.H.PEARSON & C2.v
"BALTI MORE. Ma
BIJO has given univer
sal satisfaction in the
cure of Gonorrhoea and
Oleet. I prescribe It and
feel safe lu recommend-Ing-
U to all auflerera.
Rold br Drueci-
PGA T.H ONLY!
! a. General ana KEB.VOC8 DtfilLTTT.
affTTO T! Weakaees of Body ana atiao: Effects
IS U AXf of Errors or Eisrsoti ta OUi or Yor.
a !, kW HA. HOOD tallr BnMrra. Mo u BaUnvft
imiM u,i minom hhmh rial's of B)V.
umowi iu iuii liiuiioi-mritti a a
mmUh ft-Ma Siauua, TinH.ilm. Ml hnlaCMita,
a, IkllMMiHUM, mm mi !
lilt aUsicu u asTrail, 1. 1.
le J I
f SommC I
t fl to t tATS,J
J . "a'awLaaV!
l I raatrrft
Oar establishment is getting too small for our rapidly
' growing business and we have decided to
give up our
to gain room, and will commence on Wednesday. Nov.
20th to sell out our entire stock of
BLANKETS and L1PR0BES
at and below cost. This is not a sham-sale but a bona
fide sale, as we will not carry any more Blark
ets in the future. For particulars
see local page.
The Pioneer Clothier, Batter and Gent's Furnisher,
115 and 117 West Second St, DAVENPORT. IA.
Adams Wall Paper Co.,
LERCH & SUTCLIFFE, Managers.
300 Patterns of New Styles in Wall Paper.
VPainting, Graining and Paper Hanging.
iHMICK BLOCK, Twentieth Street,
near Third Avenue.
F. C. Hoppe,
No. 1808 Second A.ve.,
AD kinds of Carpenter work done. General Jobbing done on short
notice and satisfaction guaranteed.
Office and shop 1412 Fourth are., ROCK ISLAND, ILL.
J". IMI. OHBISTY,
Steam Cracker Bakery,
HAHUFACTTJRXR OF CK&CKES8 AMD BISCUITS.
Ask your Grocer for them. Tbey are best,
tar Specialties; The Christy "0TSTKBV and the Christy "WAFKB."
ROCK ISLAND. ILL.
H. D. FOLSOM,
W WW W K L
W W W W K I.
W WW WE L
WWWW EE L
WW WW R L
WW WW K L
J J It
Office and Shop No.
ty Plans drawn and estimates furnished.
OHLWEILER & SPILGER.
Shop Third avenue, between 10th and 11th street?,
(Fred Koch's old stand.)
aWAU kinds of Carpenter work and reyalrin; done. Satisfaction guaranteed.
B. F. DeGEAR,
Contractor and. Builder,
I Office and Shop Corner SeTenteenth 8U
and Seventh Avenue, " " "
l-ey-All kinds of Artistic work a specialty. Plant and estimates for all kinds of hnUdings
foralahM on application.
Dr. Tait Butler.
(Assistant State Veterinarian of Iowa)
(Sncceaaor to Dr. J. D. Rutherford.)
Office boors 11 a. m. to S p. m.
Dentistry a Specialty.
Cfflce : Coyne's Feed Stable, Market square,
ROCK ISLANDj ILL.
FJIWVBSlKmTarroCK. No pravioas espo-
Rnfrtenc required. Writs for terma. I 4.
DAUB & CO.,
A complete stock of
Pipe, Brass Goods, Packing,
Hose, Fire Brick, Etc.
Sole Agents for
DEAN STEAM PUMPS and
SIGHT FEED LUBRICATORS.
We guarantee every one perfect, and will send Cnpe,
Twenty day's trial, to responsible parties.
Safety Heating Boilers and Contractors for
furnishing and laying Water, and
, Sewer Pipe.
1712 First Avk ,
Rock Island, Illinois.
Telephone 1148. Residence Telephone 100.
Rock Island, 111.
8 R R
R R R
E R R
K R R
K R R
R R R
EE LLUX KERB R
1707 Second avenue, Kock Island.
309 Eighteenth street.
. . T?nrlr Tclanrl
Winter &: Lemburg,
Wholesale Dealers and Importers of
Wines and Lipors,
Nos. 1616 and 1618
ROCK ISLAND, ILL.
Promptly and naatlv ezocnted bj toe Aaevs Job
CfSsoclal attoMion paid to Comatarclal work