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THE ROCK ISLAND ARGUS, SATURDAY, AP11IL 26, 1890.
i- - -sea?
r i it law!
tTi )! f m,m It mi i uiHf
1617 Second avenne,
-BUY WALL PAPER-
WHILE WE ARE
SELLING AT COST.
A word to the wise is sufficient You can eave money
by buying of us now.
House Furnishing Goods,
Gas Fitting Stock
BAKER & HOUSMAN,
ANDERSON COUNTY SOURMASH
$2.50 Per Gallon.
KOHN & ADLER,
Removed to 219 Seventeenth Street
Irish Cough Syrup,
(10 and 25c
For Liver and Kidney Troubles
NOTHING EQUAL TO
Thomas Liver and Kidney Pills,
25c a Box Sample free.
T. H. THOMAS,
Druggist, Rock Island.
CLE AN ABLE
BEST IN THE WORLD.
FOR SVJ.K BY
Rook Island, Ills.
KINGSBURY & SON,
1705 Second Avenne.
Coughs, Colds, Etc.,
THE YOUNG IDEAS.
The Meeting of Those Who Train
Them in Northern Illinois.
THE TEACHERS' CONTENTION WOBK,
The Wrk r the Hec-tloB and the
BMniM MertlBK"rrr. It. I
KlehH Masterly Aareas...Melee
lien or Offlrm and Xext Place of
Meetlt K.Trlpa to the Inland and
Watch Tower AdnrniBFnt.
The Northern Illinois Teachers' asso
ciation, ivhich was attended by at least
300 of those whose professional duties
are identified with the training
of the youth in the northern
port of the state, has come to Rock Isl
and, hehl its convention involving an im
mense amount of work to be crowded
into rea ly but one day altogether at
tended to all its business, heard a grand
address on the true ends of eduration.and
adjourned, and most of the visitors are
now on their way to their respective
homes. There are some who bave re'
mained for the evening outgoing trains.
THE WORK OF THE SECTIONS
n connection with the opening session of
the Northern Illinois TeacheM assocfas
tion yesterday afternoon, occupied the
time until 4:30 o'clock. A large part of
the inter 38t centered on the primary de
partnieni ,of which Miss Ella H.Mattice.of
Aurora, was chairman, and in which the
topic "language ' was discussed by Miss
Lewis, of Chicago. Mr. Bright, of Engle-
wood, Mr. Hall, of Aurora, and others.
The second and third grade section was
in charge of Miss Laura ForsjU.of Ster
ling; the fourth and fifth grade meeting
wa9 presided over by Miss Sara E.Doxee,
of Molina, and of the grammar grades Mr.
Zeis, of Englcwood, was chairman . In
the High school section Principal J. A.
Bishop, of the Uock Island High school,
was cha iman, and here the chief topics
for discission were:
Vmler i r.sent lights what about school exami
Towh.'U extt'iit may we prant privilege! to n
j1N and s ill maintain rroer die iliner
Whal c i n be done to cotintemrt thoxe influence"
wh'i h lea 1 bovs to dion out of HiL'h fehnol hvfotv
Ttie discussion was very interesting
with rt-f -rence to all these questions, the
most prominent educators participating
being Pi incipals Sanford and Haughton,
of Chicago; Forbes, of Princeton; Web
ster, of Dixon; Stratton, of Davenport;
Dudley, of Maquoketa, Iowa; Witter, of
Musraihe, Iowa, and Mrs. Getttmy. of
Galesburg. The prevailing sentiment
seemed to oppose final examinations as
essential to promotion from one grade to
another, and on the matter of privileges
all cone nrred in the opinion that there
should l e more encouragement in the way
of athletic sports, such as a gymnasium.
base ball and foot ball, et2. This it was
believed would also produce a solution of
the third question as to keeping boys in
school when they reach the time inevil
able when they are inclined to drop out
if school. The encouraperoent of ath
etics as a feature of high school work
was therefore very strongly fayjred.
In ti e department of principals and
city superintendents, F. T. Oldt," of
Linark, wts chairman, and all the var
ious topics were discussed with interest
arid pre fit. In the county superintend
ent's department. M. R. Chambers, of
Galena, occupied the chair, and the sub
jects under consideration were mostly
ximinitions. school yisitation, and the
matter of providing trained teachers for
After the teachers which had separated
into sections for the work pertaining to
their particular grade, had reassembled in
the assembly room, with President Frank
H. Ilal- of Aurora, presiding, Mayor Mc-
Conoctie delivered his
ADDRESS OF WELCOME
peakir g as follows:
Mr. Pn-pldent, Indies and Gentlemen of the
oriti ro IMiijO! 1 eachers Ansociatiou :
It ci ns me pleasure to have this op
portunity of meeting with you this after
noon, itnd as mayor of the city tender
you thu hospitalities of our people, and
in their name and in behalf or the citi
zens of Rock Island I extend you the
rictit 1 and of friendship and bid you a
hearty welcome to our city. We will
deem it our pleasant duty to show all the
places of interest in our vicinity and make
your s journ in our midst as pleasant and
agreeable as possible. We hope you will
enjoy yourselves while you remain with ua
and waeu you return to your homes may
yon carry with you the many happy re
flections of this meeting, from which I
have iio doubt you will derive many ben
efits, both in widening the circle of your
acqua ntances and in listening to the
practicable experience of those who have
adopted new and improved methods of
instili ng into the minds of the youth a
better and more thorough systematic
I wish to say a word without any in
tention on my part of trying to act the
part of the courtier by saying anything
whicL might be construed by you as flat
tery, which I am not in the habit of doing,
and that is, we as a people take special
pleas ire in receiving and entertaining so
in tell gent and distinguished an audience
as I see before me today your calling is
a hig l and noble one; its votaries take
their well merited positions high up in
the si lect ranks of the eminent men and
women of the age. Your profession can
no longer be classified with that of that
unfortunate but nevertheless necessary
memlier of society, the poor despised
pedagogue of half a century ago, whose
true characteristics were so vividly por
trayed by the pen of the immortal Dick
ens. These illustrious personages as a
rule, in most of the nations of Europe,
were always some old brokendown gov
ernment pensioner, either a soldier or a
b&iIo-, and oil ti mes it was some poor
desp sed, deformed specimen of humanity
whote bodily infirmities incapacitated
him : rom performing manual labor, whose
chief qualifications were a hard heart and
a Strang right arm to ply the birch in the
art of which some of them were
proficient and unmerciful. But hap
pily for the children s sane, tne
march of progrets has crowded this class
of public instructors on the stage.
It as customary in those days after
rece ving the necessary education and
trailing to secure a situation from wntcn
be never retired or aspired to raise above
aa Ions as he live! unless his immoral
babi ts would be the means of having him
dismissed. My sympathies are with the
unfortunate and down-trodden oi every
land, bnt I think it was a step in the
rigt t direction when the services of this
class of public instructors were no longer
in demand. The moral impressiona iney
left upon the minds of the youths of that
day who received their tuition and passed
under their rigid discipline, aro not the
impressions we would desire to have left
upon the minds of our children. We
look to the teachers of today both men
and women aa types of the highest
character, when every act will be an ex
ample which will tend to ennoble the
minds of the youths, and may their fu
ture success be inspired by their thouehls
as they cast a backward glance along
lire's rigid pathway to those happy child
hood days, when their kind and loving
teacher who moulded their young minds
and wss their youthful inspiration for all
that was good and noble. Some of us
who have passed many of the mile stones
along life's journey know what pleasure
we sometimes derive by sitting down for
getting for the moment the business cares
of life and letting our minds wander back
along the circuitous paths of our lives
until it reaches the old school room with
its floods of childish memories clinging
around it these are the memories that
cannot be effaced by time. They will
cling to the heart while life remains, and
who of us d d not build beautiful castles
in the air, and how many of those bright
est dreams in those far away happy
childish days have ever been realized?
It is not my intention to make any ex
tended remarks. I am fully aware you
have a vast amount of interesting busi
ness to transact at this session of the as
sociation, and cannot spare much of your
valuable time on the preliminaries. I
will therefore detain you but a moment
longer by saying a few words in conclu
sion about our system of free schools,
which every American citir.cn is and
ought to be proud of. This continent has
been the birthplace of a great many emi
nent men and women in all the profes
sions and avocations of life. I believe I
can safely say without any fear of con
tradiction, that the United States has pro
duced mote truly great men and women
in us one hundred and fourteen years
of existence than the whole world
combined from the birth of Christ down
to the middle of the present century.
Since 1850 all the Europeau nations bave
made rapid progress in the arts and
sciences and in the advancement of all
educational privileges, which I attribute
has been mostly accomplished by their
imitating us. All these grand achieve
ments is due to our system of free schools
which is the chief coiner stone of our
It ought to be the dutv of every teach
or to not only teach our children the ru
diments of a common school education,
but to teach them lovalty and patriotism,
to love their country and its free institu
tions, to honor and respect our flig, that
heaven emblazoned banner the emblem
of freemen which was first unfurled to
the breeze more than one hundred years
ago. and has met the admiration of the
world, and is honored and respected in
every land and on every sea; but I am
sorry to say that our system of free
schools has not yet reached perfection.
In my opinion it lacks at least one im
portant link in the chain, and that is the
school book imposition should be abol
ished. Who is responsible for it I cannot
say. whether it is the boards of education,
or the superintenents of public instruc
tion. I do not wish to be understood as
saying anything that will reflect upon any
gentleman present; it is the vicious sys
tem I denounce, which I am sorry to say
to the best of my knowledge is universal
throughout the land. But there is cer
tainly something radically wrong some-j
where; it is the only weak spot in our
system of free schools, and it is a flagrant
violation of the rights of the people
when publishing houses secure a morions
oly to furnish this class of goods, and
compel the people to pay more than four
times their actual cost, ami have the in
fluence to have them changed annually.
This is one et the most grievous burdens
the people have to bear. The state
should adopt a standard et of books
and have them published by the lowest
responsible bidder, and furnish them to
the people at cost and to he paid for by
general taxation) then we would have
free schools in fact as well as in name;
then a fair school education would be
within the reach of all, both rich and
poor, and at the same time it would le
lcaae the people from a heavy burden
they have been compelled to bear too
PRESIDENT 13 ALLS RESPONSE.
President Hall made a few remarks in
response, speaking of the beautiful and
substantial buildings of Rock Island
from the spires of which the stars and
stripes floated, and he spoke of the msny
points which had been gathered by the
visitors from the faithful and earnest
teachers of Rock Island, and that the
work here seen would effect the schools
of northern Illinois hereafter, and that
the visit here had proven both a source
of pleasure and profit.
A few minutes were then devoted to
business, Mr. T. P. Goodhue, of Edge
wood, being elected secretary pro tem in
the place of the regular secretary. Miss
Lenora Franklin, of Englewood.who was
not in attendance. Prof. P. O. Stiver, of
Free port, was elected treasurer for the
remainder of the year. Prof. C. C.
Snyder presented an invitation to the
association to hold its October meeting at
Freeport and extended the hospitalities of
that city. The invitation wss accepted on
condition that suitable arrangements
could be made with the hotels and rail
roads, and the convention adjourned for
BTJPT. EIEBLE'S IECTCRK.
In the evening every available seat in
the Central Presbyterian church was oc
cupied to hear the address of Hon. D. L.
Kiehle, of St. Paul, state superintendent
of public instruction of Minnesota. His
subject was "The Educational Basis of
Our Civilization," and be began by draw
ing a comparison between the Indian in
habitants of this country one hundred
years ago, and the present inhabitants.
The Indians had the same sun, sky, earth,
air, forests, lakes and beautiful water-
tails that the inhabitants of today have,
but they have not been trained to utilize
them. The process of training which
civilizes people is education. Iron in its
raw state is worth about five cents a
pound; when made into horseshoes it is
worth considerably more; when worked
by a more skilled workman and made in
to cutlery the pound of iron has a still
greater value, and when worked upon by
a still more accomplished workman and
made into watch springs it is worth
thousands of dollars. Education does the
same for the mind, increases its
worth and usefulness. To illus
trate: An example of two boys was
given, one of whom, at the age of fifteen,
left school and engaged in the butcher
business; the other pursued his studies
for thirteen years and became a skilful
oculist, who with the use of his knife for
a half bonr could earn a fee of a thousand
dollars, while the butcher had to use his
knife a month for forty dollars. To an
unkHled woodman all the trees in a forest
are alike; to the skilled man one tree is
suitable only for fuel, but another is ca
pable of beieg manufactured into costly
furniture. To the unskilled teacher all
pupils are alike as to mental capacity
the trained teacher studies the mental
capacity of his pupils and discriminates
accordingly as to the instruction given to
each to suit the position in life which
each is best fitted to occupy. It Is as re
spectable to wash dishes as to teach
school. The respectability of a man de
pends not on the station in life he occun
pies, but on the use he makes of his ca
pabilities. All the material improve
ments of the age are the result of educa
tion. People are anxious to have trained
artisans in the various manufacturing in
dustries. How skillful should be the ar
tisans who are training the minds of jour
Speaking of the principle of education,
Supt. Kiehle said, it must be based on
the idea that to improve men and make
them better we must b?gin with the
character of man itself. This is philoso
phic because what the world is to each
one of us depends upon what we are to
ourselves. This is equally true, morally;
the good man gets good and the bad man
gets bad. It is also the essential princi
ple of our Christianity: the man who ex
pects to get into heaven must first get
heaven in him. This educational prin
ciple has permeated our American society.
Men are governed, not by the stand
ing armies and police, but ly inceni
tives of industry and worthy pur
poses. Law or legislation is rather
the index of social progress through
public sentiment rather than an ex
external controlling power. Our prisons
are adopting educational methods for the
reformation of convicts. So also is it in
our reform schools, whose object it
is to train the wandering, erring mind of
the youth while it is yet forming, by cul
tivation, instead of applying the severe
methods which are a punishment that is
very apt to drive the boy or girl to des
peration and despair rather than to en-
courage.and lift him or her up as the en
lightenment of the mind does. Our In
dian service is adopting educational meth
ods instesd of government by standing
armies. These are practical illustrations
of the essential advantages of education
as the fundamental basis of our civiliza
tion. Instead of plunging the wrong
doer iuto a dungeon of degradation, our
educational process elevates him to a plane
where he can observe his wrongs and
place himsslf further above them. Edu
cation, therefore, is productive of moral
ity as well as of Christianity, honesty and
The lecture was listened attentively to
by the large and appreciative audience.
A choir composed of Mr. W. A. Bishop,
Miss Ella Wilcox, Mrs. Liston.the Misses
Philp, Mrs. Hamilton, and the Messrs.
Loovy and Knowlton, with Mrs. J. F.
Robinson as pianaist, rendered three de
lightful selections; a prayer was oUered
by Rev. J. II. Kerr, who also pronounced
Ta vns. ISLAND.
Bright and early this morning fifiern
carriages started from the Hitrper and
Hock Island houses for the national arse
nal on the Island of Rock Island. These
contained from sixty to seventy-five of
the visiting teachers, while a few others
took advantage of the bracing atmosphere
and walked over and return. An hour
and a half was spent viewing the great
works and enjoying the beautiful walks
and drives, and many expressions of de
light and surprise were made by the
teachers at what they had seen.
At 9 o'clock the visitors returned to the
city and the convention assembled at the
Central Presbyterian church. A short
wss first held, at which.Mr. O.T. Bright,
of Englewood, was elected president for
the ensuing year, the treasurer having
been elected yesterday, while the secre
tary holds over. An executive commit
tee was appointed composed of Prof. C.
C. Snyder, of Freeport, Miss Emma F.
Stratford, of Moline. and Mr. J. H. Free
man, of Aurora.
Mr. W. Don Smith, of Shannon.
chairman of the auditing committee, re
ported the success of the meeting from a
financial standpoint, 223 having paid
their feea which were ample to defray all
expenses, and leave a small balance in
Resolutions were reported and adopted
thanking the people of Rock Island for
hospitalities and courtesies, the Rock Is
land school board for the use of the high
school, the congregation of the Central
Presbyterian church for the use of the
church, the choir for music, and Presi
dent Stoddard, of the Rock Island & Mi
lan road for the tender of cars for the ex
cursion to Black Hawk's tower this after
PAPERS AND DISCUSSIONS.
The subject "Arithmetic" was thea
taken up for discussion. Excellent and
thoughtful papers were read on arithme
tic "as a language study" by Miss Emma
B. Stratford, of Moline, and E. C. Ross
etter, of Kewance; "Its Value for Mental
Development, " by M. F. Miller, of Morri
son, and Olive Sattley, Lena; "Its Prac
tical Value," Chas. C. Snyder, of Free
port, and L. P. Goodhue, of Englewood
A general discussion of the topic foN
lowed, in which the belief was freely ex
pressed and almost unanimously con
curred in that the arithmetical school
books of the day should be revised and
cut down so as to eliminate all impracti
cable topics. Some of the best educators
in the state gave this as their idea based
upon the results of experience and care
ful thought, and a letter waa read from
Dr. Hams, the head of the educational
bureau of the United Stales, expressing
his means to the same effect. Briefly
stated, the opinion of the convention wu
that in a great many respects the old-time
arithmetic was the best.
The reading circle was unanimously
endorsed, and a large attendance urged
by resolutions at the national meet
ing to be held at St. Pan! in July, and at
noon the convention adjourned.
This afternoon many of the teachers
visited the watch tower. President Stod
dard having provided a special train for
the purpose. The afternoon trains car
ried many of the teachers to their respec
The Iatest Dealcna-
The large wall paper manufactories of
the country employ men whose duty it is
to invent and design something new and
beautiful, the result of their efforts
This city has several wall paper bouses
that always keep up with the style. There
is one house in particular, that of George
8utcliffe, who has two stores where can
always be seen the very latest styles in
wall paper which he sells at very reason
able prices. When you order wall paper
ot this house you do not have to look
around for a paper hanger, as they are
prepared to put up your paper and do it
in a flrstclass manner. They also do all
kinds of painting.
Grand Rapid. Mich-,
The great furniture market of the world
has sent us the Leonard Refrigerator,
which fully sustains the city's reputation
for excellent work. For sale by
For fine furniture and carpets eo to
Kann & Fleming's.
"That tirerl foelincr ia entirely over-
Come by Hood's Sarsaparilla, which gives
a feeling of buoyancy and strength to the
Lloyd & Stewart are now showine the
finest of silk and Neglige shirts.
The raffle of Emil Jaeobsen'a shotgun
takes place at Dressen's saloon this
Call on Joseph Traeeer. Pennsylvania
house. Davenport, and indulge "in h!a
grand lunch and bock beer.
Spring style Dunlap now ready at
Lloyd & Stewart's,
Mclntire Bros, have a new and reliable
kid glove cJeaner; cleans perfectly and
leaves no odor.
See those tl.50 stiff bats at Llovd &
Table and shelf oil cloth at Taylor's.
C. A. Stiil, Manager.
One Week Commencing
MONDAY, APRIL 21st.
STUART'S THEATRE CO.
The Charmirg Actre,
MISS T.TTiAH STUART,
WAIF OF THE HILLS.
Popular prices 10. 30 and 30 cents.
C. A. Stiil, - . Manager.
OXE NKIHT OS I T.
THURSDAY, MAY 1st.
Will g"ve one nt their enjoyable entertain
ments under the autpicea of
John Morris Camp S. oi V.
Reserved Seats 35 Cents.
Sale of feat at unal place.
Table and Shelf Oil
ROOM AND PICTURE
tP'etnr Cord, Twlue, Nails
and Hooks at lowest pricss .
1'all and see.
C. C. Taylor
1625 Second avenue.
Under Rock Island Bona.
Lloyd & Stewart,
KOCH. IMLA.P, ILk,
Spring Styles now Ready.
OFFICE In Adams Express Office under
. Harper House.
Reduced Rates to all Pornrs.
SOLI ACXST FOB
The Pope Mfg. Co.'s Bicycles. Ladles and
CnUdrea'alejclea a specialty.
Are seasonable. We show this week
a large assortment in Gloria and Silk
In plain, gold and silver handles.
For $1.20 we give yon A No. 1,26
inch Gloria Silk and Rain! Umbrellas,
One not cmite so rood. 28 inch cold
Better ones np to $5.00
Some special values in Jersev
Ribbed Vests, ladies, at 10c, 12c and
Don't confound this underwear with
the cheap trash on the market.
The above numbers are worth buy
Rock Island. Illinois.
In order to accommodate their increasing trade and
to have more room in which to display their goods,
CLEMANN & SALZMANN have leased, fitted up
and now occupy nearly all the surface room in
Ilarper's Theatre building. Their
is large and elegantly lighted, and contains the
nicest stock of Carpets in MOQUETTE, BODY
BRUSSELS, TAPESTRY, Etc., ever seen in this
there is non1 to surpass, they simply have anything
DON'T FORGET THE PLACE.
CLEIY1ANN & SALZMANN,
Nos. 1525 and 1527 Second Avenue,
And Nos. 124, 126 and 128 Sixteenth Street,
BOOTS AND SHOES.
THE LARGEST AND BEST STOCK
At the Lowest prices in tne three cities.
PATENT LEATHER SHOES
For Ladiei and Gentlemen.
tSTTanned Goods in all colors.
An Encyclopedia valued at $6.00 given away to each customer buying $33.00
worth of Boou and Shoes. Call in and let us show yon the book and
explain bow you can get it free.
GEO. SCHNEIDER, Jr.,
CENTRAL 8HOX 8TORX, 1818 Pecond Avenue.
XLM 8TBXST 8HOX STOBXl
SM flfia Aveiue. '
We show the handsomestlassort
ment of Spring Dress Goods. New
arrivals in goods for summer wear will
be shown THIS WEEK including
Batiste and Silk Warp Henriettas. All
Wool Henriettas, spring shades, includ
ing Am e this t, 40!inch wide at 50c
French serges, all wool 49c. In the
highest grades our assortment Is com
New assortment just received be
ginning at 98c
If you wish to enjoy good
health, pure drinking water is
the first consideration. To get
it, in this part of the country, a
good filter is really necessary;
and the best filter is theoneyou
see here. It will pay you to
call and look'at it.
It is made in three parts,
each easily detached, open to
view, as easy to clean as any
stone butter crock. The water
comes though perfectly clear
and sweet, and you can use ice
for cooling without having it
touch the water at all.
I have them from $6.75 up,
according to style of finish and
a. M, LOOSLEY,
Crockery and China,
1609 Second Avenue.
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