Newspaper Page Text
wkly tt 1M4 Second ave
i Island. 111.
a """r'ulue"- r-uipia irora all Sources
during November aggregated $28,986,134.
gainst W,7ie,967 in November, 1880. Cui-
BOLD AND BITTER.
It all now, before tbe roll mischief was
W Out the OHbea Butlwu.
Wfohmit nrtiiin Ihfl Bit"" adjourned
Congress Ready to tourt the
S HARRISON'S VIEWS.
s of '
-4 ' -
Presented to Congress in His
,!"M ' Second Annual Message.
HE CHAMPIONS THE M'KHILEY ACT,
And Say It Should Not Be Changed
This Session of Congress.
Th President Notifies tbe Law Makers of
the Work Before Them Satisfactory
Halations With All Nation. The Seal
-fisheries QuestionThe Silver Problem
and Finance, of tbe Country- The In
To rns Pits ats and Horse or Kkpriwkvt.
ATI V us -Tbe reports of tbe several exe. utive
depart mrnts which will 1-a laid before con
giesa In the usual course will exhibit in deiail
tbe operations of tbe irovernmi-nt 'or tbe last
fiscal year. Only the more iintiorraut incidents
end results, and chit-11 v sucb as may be tbe
foundation of tbe reoomtiiendaiinns 1 shall
submit, will be referred to in Ibis annual
Tbe vast and increasing bus!ness of the gov
eminent has been transude i bv th svera
departments dur ng the vear with fait hf nine-,
enency and uccrn Tlio revenues,
amounting to above ft.ii'. (.),.ji. have been
collected and dishur-ed without revertling. so
far as I ens escertnin. a single caw of defalca
tion orenibc-s-loinent. An earnest . ffort has
been made to stimnlut a sense 4,1 responsihil
Itr and publio outy In all officer aii'l em
ployes of every grade, and the worn done by
Ihem has almost wholly escaped unfavorable
criticism. 1 spea . of these niafr witn , r-e.
dum. tm auw the credit of this good work is
not mine, but is shared by the heads'of the
several ilepnrtuients with the if rent bodv of
faithful officers and employes whose ve under
them. The losest s -rutiny of congress is in
vited to all fie ni-thtxlsof administration and
to every Item of expenditure.
The friendly relations of our country' with
the nations of Europe and the east have been
undisturbed, while the ties of ood wlil and
common interest that bind us to the states of
the western hen isphere htive lieen notably
.trentf.ben d bv the conferenc h.-M in th s
capi'a. 10 consider niessurva for the general
welfare. Piirsutnt to the i-iviu.ti n author
ised by eontcref s. the represent:,: ivrs of every
indep- ndent stat of the American com incut
and of Hayti tn..t iu conference in this capital
in Oc ober. 11. unci con inucd In session until
the 19th of last April. This important onvo
catlon marks a most int.-nstln-.-u.l Influen
tial epoch lu tbe hist.-r. of the western hemi
sphere. It is noli worthy that Bra.il. invited
while under an iniperi ii former unvemment,
shares as a republic In tbe deilis-i-st-oii. and
results of t ie conference. Tbe recommenda
tions ot th s conference were ail transmitted
to congress at the last session.
The international marine culiference which
sat at Washington Hst winter cached a very
gratifying r suit. The regulations sugrest.sd
have b, en broutrht to the attention o! all the
governments represented, and their geiieral
adoption is coiinie,.tIv rxiwl.il. The legisla
tion ot conifr ss ai the last session is in c n
furmity with the prop v-i lions of tbe confer-en-
e. ami tbe proclamation therein provided
for will be issued w .cu i lie other tuwers have
given notice of their adhesion.
Toe conference of Brussels to devise means
for suppressing the slave trade iu Africa af
forded an niurtuiiily for a new expression of
the interest the American people reel in that
ureal work. It soon beenme evident that the
in asure proposed would lax the resources ..f
thelouo basiu heyo'id ihe revenues avail
aide uu :er th-i uencrji act of It run of ls-st
The United Mates, not b-ini; a pnrtv to that
a t. could not share in its revision, "but o a
separate act the -in cwndent state of the
Congo was freed from the restric tions on a
customs revenue. The demoralizing nnd de
structive tralTlc in ardent spirits anionic the
tribes also claimed th earuest attention of
the conference and the delegates of tlie l uit -d
States were lore most in advocating measures
tor its repression. A n aecor 1 m reached, t be
influence of which wil be very helpful an ex
tend ovt-r a wtile re-don. As soou as these
measures shall receive the sanction of the
Netherlands, for a time wittihe d. the general
sets will be submittei for ruiiiicaiion by tbe
senate. Meant-bile negotiations have been
opeued for a new and complete treaty of
friendship, commerce and navigation between
the United Mates and the inuepcudrn. state
of the Congo.
Republic of Brazil.
Toward the end of tlie past year the only
Independen monarchical government on tlie
western continent, timi ot rlrag.l. cea-ed to
eiist and was succeeded l.y a republic m.
Iiplnmatic relations were at ou e established
with the new (toveniiuent, but it was not
completely recoiriiKeu until an opportunity
had been afforded to as ertain that it bad
popular approval and stiptiort. V hen the
course of events, bad yielded assurance of this
fact no time was lost In ex'endintf to the new
fovernment a fuil and cordial wvli ome inuthe
amily of American commonwealths. 11 is
eoufidentiy believed that the rood relations
of the two countries will be pr-servei, and
that the future wll. witness an increased
Intimacy of intercourse and an expansion 01
their mutual commerce.
The pca.-e of Cent al American has ai-ain
been disturtted through a revolutionary
change in Salvador which whs not recoutiiui :1
by other stales, and hostilities broke out
beWe. n Salvadiir and liuatemala. threaten
Ing to involve all Central America in con
flict and Undo the progress which had been
made toward a uniou of their intercHis. 'J'he
- efforu of this Kovcrnuient were pnnnptly and
r aeaiously exe ted to compose their uiffer
encea. and throuitb the activi elToi ts of tbe
represent tlve ft the Ui.iteu Siatei a provis
ional treaty of peso was siU'sl Autr. 28.
whereby the riifht .1 the ru-puiiiii: of Salvador
to choose t own rulers was ro OKnizcd. (ietu
Eseta. the chief of the provisional govern
ment, has since been continued iu t he presi
dency by th assembly and diplomatic recoic
aiflon amy iotlowefl.
The kniln of Oen. Barrnmlia on bard the
Pacific Mali st anur Acapulco, while an
chored in transit in the imrt of Sau Jose de
(iuaterna a. demanded c reiul imiuiry. Hav
ikg faned in a revoltiiionnry attempt to in
vade Guatemala fr m Mexican territory.
Gen. Barrundia too passime a: Acapulco fur
Panama. The consent of ihe representatives
of the I nited Stales was sought to ettect his
elauro. tirst ut Chan,terico. wnere the steam
er toucbed,and afterward at San J se. The cap
tain ot tbe steamer refused to give up his pas
sanger without a written orde from the
L'nu d States minister; an the later fur
nished the desired letter, stipulating as the
conditlon.of his action, that Ueu. B irrundia's
life sbou.d be sp red and that he should be
tried only for offenses irrowim; out of his
insurrectionary movements. This letter wna
produ ed to t e captain of the Acapulco by
tbe military commander at San lose.as his war
rant to take the pa-senger from the steamer.
Oen. Matron j la reslsteil cam tire and was
killed. It beinit evident that the minister,
3lr. Mizner. bad exi-e ded the Ixtundsoi his
authority in intervening, in compliance with
the demands of the tiuetemniau authorities,
to authorize .and effect, iu violation ot prece
dent, the seizure on a vessel of the United
fctatesofa passenger in transit charged with
po.it. cal oflenses. in order Hint be might be
tried for sucb offenses under what was de
scribed as martial law, I was cons, ruined to
disavow Mr. Mizuer'sact una recall bim from
The Nicaragua cnual project, under the con
trol of our citizens, is making most encou ag
ing 1 regress, all the prenniinury conditions
and initial operations having been accom
plished witb.n the prescribed time.
1 raring tbe past )ear negotiations have
been renewed for the sett enc nt of the claims
ot American citizens a rainst the government
of Chili, riuclpHily grow ing out of the late
war with Peru. The reports from our minister
at Santiago warrant the expectation of a early
Our relations with China, which have for
several years occupied so important a place
in our uiplomatic History, have called for
careful consideratto and' hove been the sub
ject of much correaiondcm. The communi
cations of the Chinese minister have brought
Into view the whole su Jcct of our conven
tional relations with his country; and at the
came time this govern in ut. through Its lega
tion at Peking, h.is sought to arrange various
matters an complaints toucniug the interests
and pTtMection of our citizens in China, in
a ireuarttpf the concurrent resolution of
Oct. 1, 1WV, r tii v-loed to ihegovern
nen'sot Mexico and Ureal llrituin to con
aider a conventional regulation o the passage
of Chineee 1 borers across our sontaeru aud
northern fr ntiers.
On the z-nj day of August la- Sir Edmund
Alonson, the arbitrator elected emier tbe
ti eaty of bee. li, ilsais, ruudereil an award to the
effect that th.it no compeiis,tion was due
from the Duuish-Rovernmeut to the United
States on account of what i- cnmmoulv known
as the Carlos hutterneld claim. Our relations
with the French 'republic continue to be en
tirely cordial. Our representative ut that
court has verv diligentlv urred the removal
of the resti ictions imposed up n our meat
products, and it la bedeved that substantial
progress has been made toward a Ju-rt settle
ment. The Samoan treaty signed lost year at Berlin
by the representatives of the United States,
Oermany und Ureal Britain, after due ratifica
tion and exchange, has txvuu to oroduce salu
tary effects. The formation of the govern
ment agreed upon will soon replace tlie dis
order of the pst by a stable a iinini.tration,
alike just to the natives and -equitable to
the powers most oucerned in trade and in
tercourse wi I h the Samoan inlands. The chief
Justice has been bonen by the king of Sweden
and Norway, on tbe invitation of the three
Dowers, and will soon be insial ed. Tlie hind
commission and the municipal council are in
processof organixatiou. A rational and evenly
distributed scheme of taxation, both munici
pal and upon Imports, is in operation. Malistoa
is respected as king.
Toe new treaty of exv-adltlon with Great
Britain, a'ter due ratification, was proclaimed
on the 24th of last March. Its beneficial
Working u already apparent.
Ddtheplace to ?l.0!Jhe. K.ve"-ni8nt was reduced
BeJu-injr Sea Question.
The difference, between the two eovern
tnerits touching the fur-seal question in the
Behrnuj sea Is not yet adjusted, as will be
,( the oomspondence which will soon
be laid before oongre s. Tub offer to submit
the qnestiun to arbitration, as proposed by her
majesty's government, has not been accepted
for the reason that the form of submission
proposed Is uot thought to be ea culated to as
sure a conclusion satisfactory to either party.
It is a ncerely hoped that before theoiening
of another selling season some arrangement
may be effected wnich will assure to the
United States a property rijht. der ve t from
Kusxia, which was not disregarded by any
nation for more than eighty years preceding
the outbreak of tlie existing trouble.
In the tariff a t a wrong was done to the
kingdom of Hawaii which I am bound to pre
sume wa wholly unintentional. Duties were
levied on certain oomiiioditlee which are in
cluded in the reciprocity treaty now existing
between tbe Unite 1 States and the kingdom
of Hawaii without indicating the necessary
xceptioo iu favor of that kingdom. 1 hope
rongress will repair what might otherwise
eeiu to be a broach of laithon the part of
An award iu f vor of tlie United State in
the matter of the claim of Mr. Vuu Bokkelen
gainst Hayii was rendered on tbe sth of
December. IsoH. but owing to disorders then
nd afterward prevailing in Hapti the terms
af payment were not observed. A new agree
ment as to the time of payment has been ap
prove I and is now in force. Other Just claims
af citizens of tbe United States lor redress of
wrongs suffered during the late political con
flict in Hayti wi 1. it is hoped, sjiucdily yield
to friendly ire ,tmeuU
Propositions for the amendment of Ihe treaty
nf extradition between the Un led States and
Italy are now under consideration.
You will be ask. d to provide the meansof ac
cepting the invitation of tbe Italian govern
meut to take art in a 1 aii ruaching confer
ence to consider the adoption of a universal
prime meridian from which to reckon loindaide
and time. As this pro osal follows in the
track of the reform Sought to i. initiated by
the maritime conference of aehington, held
on the invitation of this government, tbe
United St tee should manifest a frienulv in
terest in tbe ltali in proposal. In this connec
tion I may reier with a, proval to the sugges
tions of my predecessor-, that standing provl
s on e made for ac. epting, wh- never deemed
advisable, the freuueut invitations of fo.eigu
governments to share iu conferences looking to
in erua ionol rcfo.-ius in regard to science,
sanitation, commercial laws and pro edure,
aud other matters effecting tn intercourse
and progress of mo lern communities.
Delagoa Hay Hallway.
In the summe - of lss.. an incident occurred
which for some time threatened to interrupt
the or.i a'ity of our relation with the gov
Uleni of Portugal. That government seised
the Otdagoa Bav railway, which vas construct
ed nuiler a concession granted to au American
citizen, and at tbe same time annulled the
barter. The concessionary, who had em
barked his fortune iu the enterprise, having
exhausted othermeansof redress, naseura -tiled
to invoke tne protection of hisgovnrnuient.
Our representations, ma le coineiileniaily
wirb those of the Briti b government, whose
subjects were also largely interested, bappiiy
resulted in tbe rccnii lion by Portugal of the
propriety of ubmittfug the . iaiui for indem
nity growing out ot 11s action to arbitr.tion.
Tbe revision of our treaty reiatious with tbe
em pi e of Jnpm lias continued to ise the sub
ject of consid.-ration ami correspoudeiice.
Toe questions involved are'bith grave aud
delicate; and while it w.ii be my duty to see
that tbe interests ol the United fclates ar . not
by any changes cxisjsed to undue discrimina
tion. I sincer-ly hope that such revision as
will satisfy the legitimate eX( ev-taiione ot the
Japanese government and maintain t .e pres
ent anil long existing friendly relations be
tween Japau and tbe United States will be
The friendship between our country and
Mexico, born of lose neigh orhood and
strengthened hy many coiv-Mlers tiens of inti
mate intercourse sud reeipro al interest, has
never been more , onspieuous thin now, nor
more hotvef in of i creased be . ent to bo, b na
tions. 1 ne inter-ourse 01 the twocoumri shy
rail, elrady rest, is m .king con-lant growth.
Tlie established line-,, and thos- rscentiy pro
jected, ad.i to the intima y ot irailic aud open
uewch -linelsof ; ccess to fresh a.-easof de
mand and sui.ply. The importance of the
Mexican railway system will be further en
hanced, to a degree aim, st iuiMiesible to fore
cast, if it snotiM b,co:tie a !iu in the proje-t-e-1
intercontinental- raiiwav. 1 recommend
that our uisl.ni in the City of Jiexi. obe
raised to the first class
Spain and Cuba.
The cordial character of our relations with
Spaiu warrants the hope that by tbe continu
ance of methodk of fr.e.idiy negotiations much
maybe accomplish d in tne d reel ionol an
adjustment of peudi g questions and of in
crease of our trmie. The extent and develop
ment of o ir trade with the island of Cuba in
vest the commercial relations of t ie United
States and spam with a is-cuiiar itnporlau. e.
It is now develope 1 th-ttaspeciat arrangement
iu rega u to ommerce. based u mn the reel
posily provision ot the recent tar.ff act, would
operate mint iH-n.-ii laily for lioth govern
ments. This subject is now receiving at ten
Tne restoraton of the reins ins of John Kr
ricssou to Sweden afforded a gratifying occa
sion to honor the in uioryof the great Inventor
to whose genius our country owes so much
and bear witne-s to the unbro en fr endship
w hi h has existed between tne laud which uore
him aud o ,r own, which claimed bim as a
On the 2d of September last tbe commission
appointed to revise the proceedings of tbe com
mission under the claim c nvention between
the United States and Venezuela of lstw
brought its labors to ariose within the pert si
fixed for Unit purpose. The proceedings of the
late commission were oharacteriz by a spirit
of imparl iatity and a high sense of justice, and
an incident which was for manv years the sub
ject of discussi n between the two govern
ments has been disposed of iu a manner alike
honorable and satisTnctory to imth. parties.
For tbe settlement of th- claim of the Venezu
elan Steam TranssirtHtiou company, which
was thesunject of a Jo m esoiuiion adopted at
the lasi session of oungress, negotiations are
still in progress and their early conclusion is
Tne legislation of the pat few yea-s has evi
denced oil (he part of C ngress a growing rtv
uiization of the importance of tlie consnlw
service in filtering .ur jommerciat relatious
abroad Miid in protecting tlie domestic reve
nues. As the scope of o oration expsnds "in
creased brovisiou must be nutde to keep up tu
essential standard of elli ieucy. The uei.-essity
of some a equate measure ot supervision and
inspection bus been so of ten presented that I
need oul y commend the subject to your aiun
tiou. (Government Finances.
The revenues of the government from all
sources for 1 he fiscal year ending June 3U, lsnu.
were jH-f.Hst,o.i aft and the tot I exienditures
for the same period were $:iiis.MviwL..-c2. The
postal receipts have not heret fore been In
cluded in the stat ment of these aggregates,
and for the purpose of comparison the sum of
.ttu.DiciJIT.s-; should be deducted from both
sides of tbe account. The surplus for tue vear,
incliiuinu tlie amount applied to tlie siiik ng
fund, was J ll..;m,4 B UI The rectlpts for lew
were lii.iiaii, and the ex euditurts S 4,
7 -,871 iu excess of those of 108.1. The customs
receipts increased 8.ri,st'.M,2.v( Bnd the receipts
from internal revenue tll.oii.lwl.oH, while oa
the side of expenditures that lor pensions was
$iu,:sl',ii7i.w In excess o: tbe preceding year.
The treasury statement for the.-urrent fiscal
year, partlv actua. and partly estimated, i as
follows: Keceipta Iromall sources, Hu.,,iji,UJU
total exiiendii urea. $44.iii0.uijo, leaving asuri
plus of 'i-,uu.u, uot taking the jiostal re-
eipts into account on either side. The loss of
revenue from customs for the last uua-ter is
estimated at Jr-ii,Ul.iaJO. but from this is de
ducted a gain of about S1u.kj,uji realized dur
ing the first four mouths of the year. Ko- the
year Uli tue total estimated receipts arc f 7:1.
Ul,lAiand the rstimateu expo ditures (s 7,
hui,a U.4J, leaving an esiima ed sur;'lu. of tlo,
14;,7K).., which, with a cash b.iacce of fi,..
Ui.iH-i at the beginning of the y ear, will give
tn7.HT,7Ri. os as tne sums avuila'de for the re
demption of outstanding bonus o- ctner u-es.
The estimates of receipts and e s-iirtitur.- for
the Postoflice liefiartmeui. being equui.are uot
included iu this statement on either side.
The act "directiim the purchase of silver bul
lion aud lsu-of treasury notes thei eon," ap
pioved July H, 1mi, has been ndnuuistcrcd by
the Secretary of the Treasnry with au earnest
pun ose to get Into circulation at tbe earliest
possible dates tlie lu.l monthly amounts of
treasury notes contemplated bv Its provisions,
aud at the same time to give the market for
shver bu.linn such sutiort as the law contem
plates. The recent 'depreciation in the prion
ot silver has been observed wii h regret. The
rapid rise in pri- e which anticipated and fol
lowed tbe pas-age or tbe a t wan influenced in
some degree hy speculation, and tlie recent re
action is in part the result of the same cause
aud in part of tbe recent mo oetary disturb
ances. S.nue months of further trial will be
necessary to determine tbe lermauent effect
of- tbe recent legislation Uon silver values,
but it is gratifying to know that the 1 .creased
circulation secured ftv the act bus exerted, and
will continue to exert, a most heiienciai influ
ence Ufon business and upou general values.
While It has not been thought best to renew
formally the suggestion of an International
conference looking to an agreement touching
the full us.- irf silver for coinage at a uniform
ratio, care has been taken to observe closely
any change iu the situation abroad, and no
favorub e opportunity will be lost to promote
a result which It is confidently believed would
confer very large benefits upon the commerce
of the wond. Tbe recent monetary dis
turbances in England are not umikeiy to sug
gest a ri-exaruination of opinions upon this
subject. Our very large supply of gold will, if
not lost by Impulsive legislation in the sup
pos d interest of silver, give us a position of
ad vantag : in promoting a permanent and safe
international agreement tor the free use of
silver as a coin metal.
The efforts of the secretary to increase the
volume of money In circulation by keepiug
down the treasury surplus to the lowest prac
tical limit have been unremitting and lu a
very high degree successful. The tables pre
sented by him showing the Increase of money
in circulation during tbe last two decades, ani
especially the table ahnwing the increase dur
ing the nineteen months lie has administered
tlie att Urs of the uep.irtment, are interesting
and instructive. Tne increase of mo ey in
circulation during the nineteen months has
been 111 the aggregate fS,ljD,81ii, or about tlM.
ser oAPittk and of this increase only S'-IULCW
about JiT . . ; '
as flue td C ie recent solver ".egisTaToh. T7ift
this substant la I and Deeded aid given to com
merce result -d iu an enormoos reduction of
the publio .b-bt and of the sunual interest
charge is n atter of increased satisfaction,
i here 1 have been pa re ha ed and redeemed
siuoe Marco 1 1-te, and 4H per cent, bonds to
the amount c f till.Kj:. V. 1 at a cost of iM.aax
71, resulting in tbe redaction of the annual
interest charge of Ss.7,tt and a total savtnj
of interest ol il.07,;Cfi.
I notice wi h gre.t pleasure the statement
of the secret iry that the receipts from internal
revenue have increased during the last fiscal
year nearly l l-',uo.ll 1 1 and that the cost of col
lecting ibis 1 irger revenue was less by S-i,7Ui
than for the same purpose the pre eding year.
Tne percent ge of cai-t of collecting the cus
toms revenue was less for the ia.n lis, al year
than ever be ore.
The customs administration board is pro
vided for by the act of June It), Isrnl, was se
lected with ? reat esre and is com; a Med in part
of men wb'M previ sis ex per ence in the
administrati in of the old sstoms regulations
had made thuu taniili ir wiib tbe evils to 1
remedied, at in part 01 men wbiee legal and
judicial acq lirements and ex enence seemed
to fit them for the work of interpreting and
applying the new i-talnte. The chief aim of
the law is to seenre houest valuations of all
dutiable nieiL-lmnoiscAnd tomake these valu
ations unifo-m at all cur ports of entry. It
bail been mt.de manifest by a congressional
invesiigatioi. that a system of undervaluation
had been Ion in n.se by certain classes of im
porters, reu. ting not only in a great loss of
reveaue, but In a most intolerable discrimina
tion axainsl 'lones.y. It Is uot seen how this
legislation. T hen it is understooi, can be re
garded oy tli o citizens ot any country having
commerciil d.aliugs with us as unfriendly.
If any duty is supp wed to be excessive let the
complaint bt odged there, it w il surelv not
be c. aimed by any ive l disposed people that a
reme.ymay be sought and allow ed in a sys
tem of quasi smuggling.
The reHrt of the secretary of war exhibits
several gr iti fyiug results ut turned flaring the
year by wise aud unostentatious methods. The
liervcntage "t deseitiois from ihearmyisu
evil for w hit h otb congress and t be h pj.rt
nieut nave 1 n:g b eu see. in, a remedy) has
Nren re.iu. c . uur.n ; I he p.ist veer St ier cent,
and for ihe monihs ot August miu Ssrptem
er, nuiiiic hu h lime the lavorable effects
of the ai l ot Jliii,? I . vere feit, M iier ent. as
couia e.t with Inc sa.lie moiitiisot 11-eu. The
n-suiis a ta. led u. a reorganization aud con
solidation .-f the divisions haviLg charge of
the tipila. and services of me volunteer
soldiers ar. very remarkable, i'his change
was effected in July. and at tiiai lime
lucre were 4D,ait cases awailing attention,
more than hilf 01 those being calls from the
pension , ificri for iiiformut ou ne.t-ssarv to the
aujuilica I .0 ! p-imion claims Ou the nth
day of .nine last, tuou-rb over 'hrce hundred
thousand ni w tabs um come iu, I here was
uot a s n.'le ease that bad not been examined
1 tsuicur i-, the recomme dations of tbe sec
retary that ndt-qunte and reguiur aiipnipria
tions be .oat. nil d lor ran I defebs- works
and ordnuni-e. 1'iau have b.-en pra ticUy
agreed us.li and then, ca . be no g.ssl reason
for dclii.wu; the extent 101 01 them, while
the defenseless state of oar great seaiorts
furmabe . an u gent it-asou urT wise exis-di-tiou.
Tue cneou rag. m-nt thnt has been extended
o t e mi ilia 01 ine a au-s ge.ienliy has
m.t aniro),r ately uesignsied thst the "na
tional gt. a u" should oe rontinueil and eu
arge i. Th. se liuliiary organizations c.aisti
tillo, in a la. ge sense, uik army of toe United
Slates, w in c about l.ve-aixlhs of ihe annual
cost of theu uiaiutcnauc- m defrayei by the
-st-partment of Jastjce.
The ri'iHirt of tbe atloruey general la under
the law suwuiitcd oir.s tly to con.ress, but as
tue d.-pai IQi4ltt of' Jnsllce IS oue of theexet!
tive 11.1, artu. cuts some vference to the wor,
00. ie u appr-ipriate u. re. A vigorous and la
the mam au effective en on has been made to
bring to trial ami punishment au violators of
the laws, but at the same time care ha- b.-ea
taken that tiivolous and technical offenses
should Uot 1 used to swell the Is of ottlier
or to hara-s Well- .iapused eltizous. lpee
ial ai tent 101. is call d u tbe lacis coiiuected
with tbe proseciitioa ..f vi LttH.a of eiecuon
laws and 01 offenses against United Stales of-Di-ers.
Tbe number oi condi tio is sccureU,
very many i f them uuon pleas of guilty, wid,
il ts ho(ieU. 1 lave a salutary intlueuue. There
have lieen s veral caws where hmi masters ap
p.uiited b. He have ien sunjecte.l to violent
interference n the discharge of their official
duties, au I to pei-sei. uito.ia and personal vio
lence of the must extreme cnarscter. some
of tbrsecas. -shave been dealt with through foe
iieparitucut of justice and in some cases ti.e
oflices uave bet-u alK.lished or suspended. 1
nave direct I the postmaster general to pur
sue Ibis course in .11 cases where 01 her efforts
failed to se. ure lor any post master. nit him
self in fau.t. an op,i tunny pea efully to ex
ercise lb duK-aot his ofhceBut sucn action
wul no su,. ilaiit ihe efforts of the deiiart
mcni of just ice to bring tue particu.ar ullend
ers to putiisiimeut.
The vai-atiou by Judirhil degraes of frail u
leut cert i ho .tes ..f lu-lu rails lion upon bi la
in equity 111.11 oy the attorney general in the
. ir uit ouri of ihe United Ststes is a new ap
p ication ol a t . miliar equity juris .ictiou.
Nearly one I lUmlre l s och uec ees have been
taken durm, the year, the evidence disclos
ing that a vi ry large number ol fraudulent .er
tilicatmof naluraliinlion have been Issued.
Anu in this connection 1 beg to reuew- my rec
omm ndaiM -n that tbe .aw ne soa. "ended as to
require a more lull ai.d ce.rching inquiry into
all the faciM a crssar to uai uraiization be
fore any o r t ticate. are .ranied. It rertainU
isnot too much lo tequiie that an applica
tion for Am -n an ci iz nsbip shall 1 ueard
with as mm h care an 1 recorded w uh as much
formality a are given u. cases involving the
pettiei proj-Tly right.
At tbe last session I returned, without my
approval, a bill eiiiitie.1 -An act to prohibit
b.k -making and pool-selling m tbe OUlnct
ot I'l.luiuln-." and slated my obiectiou to be
thai it utd not piohlbit, but in tact licensed
what II is purported to p.ohibit. An eflori
will lie m .oa under existing laws to suppress
this evil, though it is not certain th,t they
will be found adequate.
Increased Postal Bevennea.
The repoT. of the POitmsster-Oeneral shows
tlie m sntifyiug progress in tlie Important
work comim te I told direction. The busi
ness met bo Is have h.en greatlv improved. A
lerge economy inexi-n.iitures aud an increase
of four and three-quarter millions in receipts
have b en realized, llirileli. :eniiy tluu y.,r
is $o,7s..i .as s.ainst j-i.ao.lxt jAst year, not
withstandii.g the great rn.argrineul of the
service. M til routes have be. n extambd and
quickened, .uid greitor accuracy au i disicn
iu distribuing and delivery nave been at
tained. The report will be fou, id to be full of
Interest anu suggestion, not oaiy to Congress,
but to thus) thoughtful citizens woo may be
Interested t know wiiai business met ho u, can
do for that iciiartment of public administra
tion which .iiiett n -ariy touc. es all our s-o le.
The passage of the :t to anien.1 certain sec
tions ot tin Keviscd Statutes t. lat.n lo lot
ter.es, au rived Sept. is. imi ha i u teceived
with great i .nd deserved ponu'i Iuvot. The
Postollice Ivpurtmei.t aud the C'. p.,1. iiieiil of
Justice .it on.-e entered ugia th. et.forccment
of the law v ith symp itlictic viro:. Miidaireaiiy
the public Mails have ts en laif-eiy i. td from
the iraudu ent and dej.orauzi .g upiieals and
literature t luaimtiu- from the ioltery coin
ptlilcs. Our New Navy.
The oust -uction ai d eqtppm ":t of the new
shiis for t ie navy have .nado vjry satisrao
tory progress. Bin-o March 4 loan, ; aew
vessels bav. be-n put in commission and dur
ing this MD.ter four more, including one moni
tor, will he added. Tbe construction of ihe
other vests t authorised is being pushed, both
in the govt -rnmeuf and private yards, with
energy and watched with the most scrupulous
The expe -iments conducted -iurlng the year
to test the relative leslsting power of aruior
p atea have been so valuable as to attract great
attention in Europe. The only part of tbe
work upon tlie new shins that is threatened by
unusual de ay is the armor-plating aud every
effort is being made to r-duce that to a mini
mum. Ilk. a source of i ongratiilatlon that
the antit Iptted Influence of these modern ves
sels upon tue esprit de corps of the officers and
seamen ha i been fully realized. Conttden
and pride In tne ship aoionsr the crew are
equivalent to a secondary battery . Your favor
able c nsii eratloo it invited to the recoiu
metidationH of the secretary.
ln.llans and Public Lands.
Therepoit of the Secretary of the Interior
exhibits wi th great f 'illness and irn. as the
vast work of the deparim.-ni and the
satlsf actor re alts sttsi ned. The -nggretions
made by him are earnestly commended to the
consideration of Comrresa, though they cannot
all be given particular mentlo i here. The
several act of Congress louxing to the reduc
tion of thi larger Indian re-u-rv. lions, to the
more rapid aeiilemeiil of tue Indians upon in
dividual al lotmen e and the restoration to tbe
public rioi lain of lands in exi-ess of their
needs have been largely carried into effect, so
tar as tbe work was confided to the executive.
Agreement a have been concluded since March
4. 1 UU, involving the cession lo tbe Un led
St .tee of bout 14,TUH acr- nf land. These
contracts lave, as required bv law, lieen sub
mitted to congress for ralitkntiou and for
the approi s-iations necessary to carry them
into effect. Those with the Sisseton and
Wahpeton. Sac and Fux. Iowa. Pottawatnmiea
and Asset tee bhawneea and Ckeur d Alme
tribes have not yet received the sanction of
congress. Attention la also called to the fact
that tbe a pro nations made in the. rase of
the Sioux Indians liave not covered all tbe
stipulated pnyin.-r.tr This should be promptly
correcte -. If an agrsement is confirmed all of
its to-ns should bo complied with w thout
delay, and full appropriations should be made.
The poifc y ontlineti in my last annual mes
sae in n la t ion to the pateuting of lands to
settlers np m the public domalnha been car
ried out lu the administration of the land of
fice. No en- rai suspicion or imputai ion of
fraud has ieen allowed t" delay the hearing
and adjudication of individual cases uku
their meri a. Tbe p.irpose ha- been to perlect
he titles of honest ret tiers with such prompt
ness tuat t je va.u of the entry might not bt
swallowed up by the expense and extortions to
which de ay subjected the claimant The
average monthly issue of agricultural patents
has been i g reased about six thousand.
, Disability Pensions. .
Tbedisa dlity pea don act, which was ap
proved ou June last, has been put into oper
atton asrt.piuly as was practi'-able. Tbe in
creased o erical furos provided was selected
asd assign sd to work- and a wmderatd paj-t
oT the foVce fcngaieO Tn rkamlnalions In rrf
liel i was recalled and added to the working
force of toe office. The examination and ad
judication ot claims have, by r-a on of im
proved method -. lieen more rapid than aver
before. There is no economy to the govern
ment in aula y, while there is much hardship
and injustice to the soldier. Tne anticipated
expenditure, while very large, will not. It is
believed, be in ex. ess of the estimates made
before the enactni tit or tbe law. Tuts liberal
enlargement of the general law should sug
gest a more careful scrutiny of bills for special
relief, both as to tbe cases wnere relief is
granted and as to the amount allowed.
The increasing numbers m l influence of the
non-mormon hjiu ation iu Utah are observed
The admission of the states ot Wyoming
and Idaho to Ibe union are events full of iu
tarett and cougratulauou not only to the
people of those states now happily endowed
with a full participation in our privileges
and responsibilities, but to a I our people.
The work of tbe patent office has won from
ail sources ve-y high commendation. The
amount ac-coinplishal has been very largely
increased and all the r.sults have been such
as to secure con li den e and rons.d ration for
the suggestions ol the commissioner.
C'en.u. and Reapportionment.
The enumeration of the people of the United
States under the provisions of the act of
March 1. lsUU, has lieen completely and the
result will be at tut oflh-ially commimi
cated to i-ongress. The completion of this
decennial enumeration devolves upon con
gress tbe duty of making a new apportion
ment of the representatives smong tue
several stales according to their respective
At the la-t session 1 had occasion to return
with my objection several bills making
provisions for the erection ot public buildings,
for the reason that the expenditures contem
plated were, in my opinion, greatly in excess
of any public nerd. No class of legislation is
more liable to abuse or to degenerate into an
unseemly scramble about the public treasury
tnantliia. There should be exercised in this
matter a wise ecunomy base I upon some
responsible and impartial examination and
report as to each case under a general law.
The report of the secretary of agriculture de
serves special attention in view of lbs fait
that the year has been marked la a very un
usual degree by ngltation and organisation
among the farmers looking to an increase la
tbe prohl of their busin ss. It wdl be found
that the efforts of the department have been
intelligently and sealously devoted to tbe
I roraoi ion of the interests intrusted to its
care. A very su lists ntial improvement in
the market iricea of lh trailing farm pro
ducts during the year is noticed The pries of
wheat advanced from el rents in October,
1WU..O $Mo--4 in October. 1mhi; c-rn. from SI
cents to VS-i cents; oats, from lv-st e-nts tot
oenla, and barley fn m Si cents Ui '.s cents.
Meats showed a substantial, but not so large
increase. The expis-t trade in l.vs animals
and fowls shows a very large liicrrase- the
total value of such exports for the year end
ing June a., it , was 3,ihi,0i, and the In
crease over the preceding year wa over lli,
tOi.uu. Nearly 3) more rattle and over
4.V.UO bogs were exported than in the preced
ing year. The exrt trade in betf atfrt pork
products and In dairy' products was very
largely increased, tbe increase in tne article
of butter alone being f .oui lSo4.T pounds
to -V,74K,0X pounds, and the total increase in
tbe value of meat and dsiry products export
ed being J-H.uunnu. This trsde, so directly
helpful to tbe farmer it Is beileved, will be
vet farther and largo., when the system of
inspection and sanitary suiiervislon now pro
vided by law is brv ,ght fu.ly in operation.
Beef Inspection. .
The efforts of tbe secretarr to establish the
healthfulness of our mr.li against Ihe dis
paraging imiiutaliona that hare been put
spun them abrosd have resulted In sobs an
tial progress. Veterinary sur peons sent out
by the department are now allowed to pirti. i
patelnthe inspection or the live ca' tie from
thai country lauded at tbe Knglish docks, aud
during tue several months they have been
on duty no case of contagion pleuro -pneumonia
has been reported.
Civil Herri ce.
The law relating to the civil service has, as
far as 1 can learu. been executed by those hav
ing the power of appoin ment lots classihe I
service with fidelity and Impartiality, and tua
service has been increasingly saUsfa .-lory.
The repori of I he comin esiua shows a large
amount of good work one during the year
with very limite I appropriations.
1 congratulate the Congress and the country
upon the passage at Ihe first se-si.Hi of the
Pifiy-Urst Cooxress of an unusual number of
laws of tbe very highest Importance. That
the results of this iegis.atioa will be tbe quick
ening and enlargement of our manufacturing
lnaustaea. larger aud better mar .... fur our
breadstuff, and provi-iuns, both at borne and
abroad, more toustam em, lom ntand better
aaoes for our working people and an luarsassd
supply of a safe currency tor lb Iran section
of busiuesa. I do not doubt Some of these
measures were enaoied at so late a period that
the beneficial effects up u commerce which
were in the contemplation of Congress, havs
as yet but partia ly manifested tutmeelvea.
Trade and luda.try.
The general Trade and Industrial conditions
throughout the country during the year have
shown a marked Improvement, tor many
years prior lo 1m- the merchandise I alaocasof
foreign tr.ide had been largeiy in our favor
ut during that year and tbe year following
they turned .gainst o-. It Is very gratifying
to know that tne last fiscal year again ilsvw- a
balance in our favor of over -.&. iam-jo. The
bank clearings, wbt. h furnish a good lest of
the volume of bu Id s transacted for the first
ten months of the year IN)., .how. as com
pared witu the same monihs of letM, aa in
crease for the whole country of about s.t per
o-ni., wnlle ibe increase outside ihe City of
New York was over 1 - per rent. During the
month of October the cieariumor the whole
country showed an increase of HI uer ceut
overticloher. iseS. w bile sutaida "f New Vork
the in.-rea-e was His. per cent. Tuese flgurM
show that t.ie iu.-r.-.-e in the volii.te of trade
w as very general llirou-houi the e. unlry. That
this larger business was being ott.Ju.-le I upon
a safe and profitable basts is sts-,-; u hy the fact
thit tliere were 4ihs failiii-s reported in
dy-toher. ism, than in lli-ssiii-; u vub of the
pre.-e.hng tear, with liah.iuie. Uiioiu.soing by
The value of i nr rxpnrts of dn.-nesiic dift
rhamLse dnrini tire last year Wes osr JllS.
lm.ij greater i ban the preceding year, and
was on y ext-whsl o ce .n our history. About
Sit-Osi i,iiii of this exi-ess was in agrico iturwl
produ. t. 1'he .r-du.-l,on ot pig-iron aiwaya
a good gauge ot g Herat prosis-nly-is show n
by a recent census bii'l-tin to have been liS
per cent- greater in Ism thsn in livs) nnd the
production of steel iti per ceou greater. Min
ing in cowl bss hail no limit ttion except that
resulting from a urfu-ieiit transportation. Thm
general testimony s that lahsr is everywhere
f u 'y employed, and the ris.rrs for tue last
year show a smaller Hum Is r of employes af
fected hy strikes and lo--s outs th win any year
since 18-4. Tbe depression in the prices of ag
ricultural pro urts had been grsally relieved
aud a buoj snl and bo;rf ul tone was oegiauing
lo be feit b al. our p opre.
These promising influences have bean In
some drg ee cbiHiked by tbe surprising and
very unfavorable monetary events w hich have
rece tly taken plno . in i-ngiand. It is grati
fying to know that these uai ..t grow In any
degree out of the financial relations of London
with . ur people, or auv discreilt attached to
our securities held in that market- Tlie return
of our bonds and slocks was caused by a
money s'riiigviicv in England, not by any loss
of value or credit lu the secuntlta themselves.
e could not, however, wholly esca e tha I'l
effects of a foreign monetary agitation, ac
companied br such extraordinary inc.dants as
charanferiz.-d this It is not b lieved.nowever,
that these evi iiH-idcn's, which have for the
time unfavorably aflert-ai va.ues In this
country can long withstand the strong. Safe
an t wholesome Influences which ara operating
to give our people .fltahle retarna la all
brwn.-hes of ligiiimate trade arid industry.
The apprehension tout our tan IT may again
and at once lie subject .-I to tmia.rtani gi-ueral
changes would un o.ubledly and a depressing
innueucn o. the most si-rious characlar.
Tha MrKlaley TariaT.
The general tariff srt bss o dy psrtinlly
gone lnu oiieration tw.ms of Its important
provisions being hunted in tase t tTect at date
yet in the future. Tue g. ueral prurisHin- of
the law have been in force I sa thau sixty
days. lt -ermsnent cfrfs ta ups I rods and
prices st IU large y stand in con J ct ure. It is
curious to note that the advance In ths prices
of ai ticies wholly uusOected by the tariff act
was by many hastily ascribed to that act.
Notice was not taken or the fact that the
general tendency of i ne markets was upward
from influences wholly art from ths recent
legislation. The enlargement of our currency
by tbe silver bill ui.d .nlMedly .. . an upward
ten e cy to trade and had a mar ei effect uo
prices: but this natural and desired effect of
ibe silver ivgi lat .oa was by many erruoewusly
attributed to ths tariff act.
There Is neither wisdom nor Justice In tbs
suggestion thai tue-BUhj-ot of tan IT revision
shall he opened before this law has bad a fair
trial. It w quite true that eve y tariff
schedule is subject to oh-.s-ti.ioa. No kill was
ever framed. 1 suppus. that in all of its rates
and cleseilicationa had tbe full approval even
of a party caucus. Such Irgtslat ion Is always
and necessarily the product uf cumprouirse aa
to del il s, and the preseut law is no exception.
But in its general scope and e fleet I think It
will Justify the support of thus - who belhrva
that American Uisltlon should conserve and
defend American trade and the waies of
The mislnformailon as to the terras of tbs
act which has been so widely dt seem lasted at
boras and abroad will be corre tad by ex
penenue. and the evil angnrt-eas to its reeulta
oonfounded by the marked reports, tbe savings
banks, lnlernatlonal t rade balance, and tha
naeral prosperity of our people. Already we
begin to hear from abroad and from onr ens.
torn bouses that tlie problliitory etXeot upon
importations Imputed to the act Is not jw.
tiiled. The imports at ths port of New Turk
for the first three week, of November
were nearly a percent, greater than for tbs
same period in lS-w and zV per cant, greater
than lu the sains ' eriod of fsss. And, su far
from being an act to limit exports, 1 confi
dently believe that under it ws shall secure a
larger and mora problabis participation In
foreign trade thau we hare ever enjoyed, and
that ws shall recover a proportion atv partlci.
tlon la tlie ocean carrying trade tat tha
The criticisnM of ths bill that have eoms to
OS from foreign source, may wall no rejected
for repngnanor. It these critics really believa
I'l. Mi ta'iPUar hr nr ir nine ipdsaiir.
OT6T tarttT ra'e h"iv1n ref.-rence -oletypi
revenue, would diinimso the parti .pationof
their own ooui tries in ihe commerce of the
world, their advocacy and ibe promotion of
speech and other forms of organized effort of
this movement smengour people is a rare
exuibilioo ot uns-lnhnees In tra.ie. And. on
tbs other baud, if ti.ey sincerely lsslieve that
the aiiopliou of a protective tari 1 policy by
this country inure, to their pro It aie. our
hurt, it is uotireably strange that itvey should
lead the ou.rry again-t the ao.hors of n
policy so helpful to their cou .tvymen and
crown with their favor those who would
snatch from them a substantial 'hare of a
trade with other lands already im-uequats to
There is no disposition aruong anvofour
people to promote prohibitory or retaliatory
legislation our policies are ado .ted not to
tbe hurt of others, but to secure for ourselves
those adv-ntagea that fairly grow out of oar
favored position at a nation. Oar form of
government, with lis inci .ent . f universal
suffrage, makes it imperative th it we shall
savs onr wor .ing f-rople from the agitation,
and distress's which scant work ami wages
that have no margin for. omfort al rays beget.
But after all this is done It will be round that
our markets are open to tneudly commercial
exrhanges of eaormou. vaine to the other
great p .wers.
From the time of my induction into office
the duty of using every power and influence
given by law t the exce'itne di'rtm nt for
tbe development of larger marketa io- our
prod urts. esieclally our farm p. oducts. lias
been kept constantly in mind, ai.d loeflort
has bei u or will be spared to luomote tliat
end. We are -inner no dlsaavaiiiage in any
for gn market, except that in iay our
workmen and work worn n better waesthaa
are paid eis-where ellor absiracliy, belter
relatively to tue cost of tue n.x-e-s series ot lira.
I do not doubt that a very larger. Increased
foreign trade Is a.ce sible lo a. Without b ir
tenng for either our borne mar .el lor such
proilucts of the fsrtn and i-bop as our own
prop scan supp.yoribe wages of .-ur work
ing people. In manv of toe brea.l-to.fTa. we
hst. .lv.nt.gr that only nisej Is-i ler la.111
tiesor inten-ourae snd tr.nsia-rliUion to se
cure for them I'M-eign niarseta.
Thereclprm-iiy clause of ihe tariff act wisely
and effectively opens the way to s c jre k large
re -iprocal Irale in xehange for tue ftee ad
mission to our ions ol certain ..round. T. e
right uf in leisHident nations lo make s-eciai r-cipi-ocal
trade iaiih easion. is well .-aiabiisaed
and doea ..ot imp ir eiln.-r the runuly due to
other power or what Is know n aa the "fa
vored nation clause" s generally found la
commercial trea us. What is pivra lo ore.
for au adequate agreed .oiisideralwn cannot
be clauiMsi by another free y. lue slate of
tbe revenue w as -ucb tliut ae eo t.d diaia-nss
with any lmiort duties upon is. flee. ten. hidta
and tbe lower grades of sugar a.-l nioi..u s.
That the large advantage re-u.ling to the
countries pnsiuciug an. I expoitiug l..e-e ani-
lea by placing loem on toe Ireo .1.1 enlille.
us toeiax t a lair r-liiri in the v s uf cuw.
touts coticeMiou. upo i articles el, siried by a
to them, was s obvious that to u t v gratui
tous. y ahannoeed turn ..piaarluni y to ea arge
our Ira. le would have las. a au u ipardoaaOMi
There were but two tun hod. of obtaining
control of thi. questton isj-m u Consreea: to
place all ot li o-w ani.-l. upon t ... dutiable
list, .abject to such trea-y arf-uigeot-ala as
could be secured, or to place them all l reaetitly
upou tlie tree list, but sn -Je-1 to tlie reinip.au
tionof siierilird duties If the isvuniries from
which We rocv-ive-i tn shsMild refu-a. to give
to us suitable reel pram henehla. ilia latter
method. 1 think. ruAsM s great advant-igee.
It sxpreasesln alva'e e the coo-ent of ixiogreaa
lo rv.-iS-ocily arrwrtgeuienta aflecting l..e--
prodacts. which .oust .h herwise ua.e lasen d-
layed and unaa.-ertaiiie uuillrach irealy was
ratified by the senate and the uec--sr lewis.
iatroa enacted by C'.Higrts-a. fe.xpen-.iice has
shown that some IrealK-. hkin to r--t irnrwt
trale have failel to av-oire a two-ti.ir.in viae
intbesanate f.ar ratillcalaiii. and taueranav.
Iiig pasee.1 llial sla.'e havef.-r yem awaited
the coo n rreiice of tlie n-s-. and aenate la
such mod i that ions of our rvtenoelawsaa w. re
nereaaary to ulv eff ct lo llielr prov isions.
wufa.it ihe concurrent, of ho,h tHtu-a-a in
advance la adistiu. t and dednne . ff.-r of tree
eotry to our porta of aa-cincartic!t-s. 1 he ex
ecutive Is not required lo oeai in ouijerturs as
to what t ongrea- wul accept, lu- ee.. the ra
ciprocity provision la more tuau an tier. -ur
part of the bargain Is o.npit-t -; de!ivery has
been nnvlf, aud wben lue couMries tnan
w hich we re.-eivs sugar, coffee, lea aud hatan
have tilaced on our tree tint a au. a of our pro
ducts aa shell be agreed Usn. a. .a eq u i va
lent fisr our co ceawon. a ma-laimti sw ta tiiat
fact mmpietes tlie tra a. li. n: and In Ihe
meantime our ow a peo le have Ires; .agar, taw.
coffee aud hidt-a.
The indication, thus far given are very hope
ful of early and favoratde actioa by ths raun
tries fro n which we rsceiv. oar Isrgw imports
of niBt inn niirar, aud It ra ronndently bs
lieved that If .teaiu tsMiimuna-atavn wn h tbest
counlrtewcaa be flV. -u.pt ly unpro.ed and en
larged the next year woi .how a mo t gratl.y.
ing la rease in ourexpot-Uof br-v 1-turTsand
prov sious, as well a- of muj Isti. a jtut Imai
of manufacliirfsl gsaoda.
(Tbe prcsid ni renews the r i uu ndallon
given in hi last annua, luesa-tge oca-rning
payments by the l itirnm-nl in aid ocean
Mea.-n-hip lines a. d.-r la Amer-t-a-t Hag. and
sav. .nt h action a ill fa'-liltate brgotialton uf
recij ro al trade arr ngement.. It ur.-e I hat
ts.ngreea should empower the a mai-rsiM.
rai lo m r. ase thetsomiaras-if ion not. allowed
f a-. arryiiig tue Au-tta tan mail, and argues
that the eetabliahmentoratramabip lines rrora
the gulf purls lo Mime noriheast i tat uf raj u lb
America I. expedient al this time. Th. reoxa
znendalion In tbe last mepaage iotwhim aa
-ntemailooal Aroerh-aa b.ak. by which money
exchange between Aroeri. au stale will be
facilitated, la also renewe.i. The president
aiigg-austbal.il Unilr.1 Matet judgot should
receive out leat than t-- ler annum, and
cabs altenlHdi to the necea lit f r set i ling in
some mauner the ueadiuattal Siaxaush ana
Maxi.-aa laai grant, which have last. a wu lutig
NalltMtal Bankrupt Law.
The enactment of a nati nal btnWrupt law
Is still regaiueu aa very dta,irable The tr-twi.
stltalka-baviiiggivea to i-on.r.. luris-tlt, li sn
of this saoj-s l. it should hee.erct edau I UUI
form rules titled for the atmi st rail not
affairs of Insolvent Debtor. Trat In'conven
ieoce resulting from the xs asional an J lem
puraiy xercise of this power by congreat and
from tlie count, ling slat - co ies of iu-oj ven. y
wharh com.-luto for. e .ntermtsd lately, should
be remove! I.v the eua.-taMtit of a simple, is
ex pensive and purniaoeul naliusial bwlikruut
I also renew mr resomtnendat io i In fa vt-r
of legislatioa affording just pyright prv
tertiou to f.Mvlgn auibora on a fim Ing of re
ciprocal advantage for o .r authors abroad.
It may still oe potsihle tor ti.is cougi-ea. to
lnauguimln ey auitai.le lew'S.atloa a movemanl
looking to umfurmity ai.d incr-mted safely in
the use of coupler aud brake-, up an Irelgbt
Irwin, engaged in infer tate situ. tierce. The
chief duhcuity iu t way is lo .erurw agrra-.
ment a. to ihe l-rl ap Uaucra. almpia-.ty, f
fr t1 veness and cost he ng taaaiuVn-d. i ui.
difficulty .III only ytell to legisiaiioa. whi.o
should us based upon full inquiry snd Impar
tial te-ta. The purposs should be to -ta-nrs
tha oo-operatioa of all well di.p.a-e-1 man
strers aa.i owutrt. bat tbs fearfu; fa. I that
thai every year's ds-ay involves ihe sacrlOtw
of S.n.1 livt-t aud the maiming ot t.otl young
men sh.-uld pl-sxi both with c.a-igra Kuj uim
manager, atrainst any nre-ileas delay.
(Tlie pre.. dt nt refer, lo the subj. ci of ths ir
rigaUon of arid lauds and says It would be
belter lor tlx la d. w remain and thau that
those who a- ui y tlieru altould lexwois tlM
slaves uf unrestrained monopuiies )
Tha use of tbe telegraph bv ths t-nrt-uffira
department as a means fur the raisd trans
mission of written communicaiiona et, 1 he
lieve. up sn proper term, quite Oeairable. Tn
government t ore not owa t-roperwle tbe nul
loads antl It should uot. I think. owa. arot-rt.
the telegraph lllissa. it do A however, wrana to
be quite ura- t ea -le for tue gov tarMtintav
tract aitb the triegraph ts.miainMs, aa II dews
wita tbe railrtawl ctaniaxnlrst, carry at atasrt
Aed rales .o. h c rmmunlcsf hsu. a. tiie aenoers
mat deaicuale forthwra ileal of tratura-aMon.
I rectHaiUreud that sut b -ftgialataa be enacted
aa will eua tie the taaf-..fhivtletaiuent fair y
to teat by exprnmcnt lbs advantatre. uf such
n nse of the teegraph.
Federal haparvlaloa nf Kles-ttMs.
If any tnteilig.nl aud -uyal tatmpany of
Au-erKSB tltitena were teqnirej lot-ataaarus
Uis efMeuiuU i.uiuau ma Mont of natuakal
ill. Idoina don I that wi h abtoluir oaaa
iumy the) wuulJ begia with -re and hssnrat
elections. Aud It I. gratify n to iw that
ctsMrrally tliere is a growing a. d asHi-pulnaia
drmaud fie- b IWf riectea. Ian a Hal sataib.1
this suru of hop. sad p tn-. mnai be ta-i iha
Qeirv-a4rig and no .tenia !.. fa. -I thai Mav tit. a
lavs and aulliuda are sianetua a cuutiogly
eontnved to set-lire m. a -rtl t-utitrut. while
VMnWDtss cottipletr the Mortcoa..ug. uf fraud.
In my I -at aunaal sxtaur I anKeata-i t aat
tbe oevelo.,nrt1i . t the etiMinc law pruvkling
a le.erl so peri laeta of rotw-r.-soria r e. tlssna
t.flertsd u eft - live lueiuud of rrforming
tntak abu. at. The aeard sT au b a Law has
mauifested It-elt in niauy fatrtaf I tberoantry.
and lis wboM-ao reatraiufs wu.i penal wt)
will be uariui to all. The t .atiluliouahty taf
sut h ie-ri.oslMHi has Urea a-hrun-d by ibeau
preme court. Its prune 4c eflw tit.n. as t. evt-denct-d
by t. e chant lec .f I he op p. i lass that
is tutu to li. It haw been ilfit-aboed aa if
at were a new xer.-l-w of ! era! powag
and aa lura-toa of the ngbts t f !) .la.na.
Nothing could be further from the train.
Coutrr.-ss lias almsdt hxed thr tluaw fur the
uoc t-on o.' meuibers ol eun.resa. It has
dtiamtl that vuu for mem. er of t-ocurre-si
mu.l Or br writ leu i nriuted ballots, it ha.
brt.rtded lor the apputnliuaut by that clr a I
courts In certain imp an.1 uiam la-s i ssitt-ai
f a osnaia s umber uf i-iuaesw, uf mtmruom
uanrawt, ana ntaa it uwr auty tosaurr
VMatbe lecunratioi of votas-a cataslaastesfbr
tha ai ate unit era, to rhaluuge parwm. uffrr
tug to reg ster, to perxmaliy laap--ct nnd
serutlnise l .e regr) Hata. so I to ami thtxr
namea to ihe lists f.r the purpoae of hlenud
cat loo nnd toe prrvmiioa uf Iras la. t ntiaad
at el eel ions and i-smt.a with tua boxe.liU
the. vutts. are all iu t and eoun ed: u. axuxck
to tha rag.airy lists auj elect wa irturntaoy
stalsaueut Inut hlttg .
is ats-nracy and falrnsaa
of the regtsliy ... j
transmit loiue ti-i
ai.'tiuu, ami lo use and
of lue bona . of reprs-
orutautrs any r.el
-a Ultra In t Wtn. 1 la
lar tla. a:.tHMhlMn-tn.l
dauuty Called mak-fBsniaw toatload at
tiat poluv, .a , por: m, stipet-ruurs la taadav
st-u-nrs i -uu- r nnt-cs aitd to
Tanaling tha elsvUwst lav.
Make the Law KfTra-tlvav.
Tbs pfoxlsioos of this familiar title of ihe
revlwd statuiea havs basn put toaxefcisa by
boltl th great ollUcal p-u-tl a, and In the
nurth aa wen a. In lue a..ut o, bf -us nllng wiih
the court ol the pelil.ou. r.quire.1 by .a a. It
is nut, tnerefura. a quosi oo whether we shall
hav. a federal ehsntoa law, tor we have uo
nnd hav Lad for several years, t-ul nh-rtor
w shall hav an etjet live law. Tu prremt
law stops Jut abort ot Is effsxrUvnarsa, for it
unenilers lo lira local authorities all tobirvl
over tbe errtihcalion wulch salabushes to
pnuaa facie right lo a seat la tbs ii use of
represeulaiivea. Tn saefect t-hould be cured,
tquaiityof i-epresenlai am and lb parity of
tbs eiects-rs m ist tm la uniainott. or ever)
thing that is .alushle In our syt.ebi of gov
ernment l lost. Tit quailBcationauf au
tor must be sougut m tha law, not ta in
opinions. prejuutceS or fear .f any
I l.ss s howev.r powrrfuL Tim path of to
lactor to ths billot box must b frs trota lb
am bash of t-avr and rniuameuta and fraud
th count so una and oia a tuat noos snail
gainsay it- Sue a law should iw abso.nieiy
n.-upartwan and impartial. It sho .Id giv
th advent ige to btHisvt.r and ths roolrol to
majorities. Barely there is uotbuig se. tiouai
about intsc-rat-d. and if It .ball happen tuat
ths peiiallios of laws to eniurcw tue-at riguta
fail bars and not there, it Is not b -cause Ihr
law I ses tion.l. but tweausa, bauully. erlms
is local aud not universal. Nor suuaid It bs
forgtK.rn tuat evety law, wbetoer rotating to
tle.tain.or loan - ot rer .ul.je.-l. wo-li-vr aa
St ted hy tue atile or by th-a awl ion, ha. tore
b. hind it. 1 Ue t-ttui ta. the maralutl or rr--i4-ble.
toe poa ctrmiiatas, the pnau-iar always
beumd tn law.
Is Mot S-rsr llanaL
On cannot bs Justly cbarg! with
friendlius lo nuy aectiun if ciass who ae. at
only to mairam vluialkMi of law and ut per-'
aonal rigut. Nocoiumsnity w.il hud Utaw
B - sa proUtabl. No ctaxirauoity cati an. wo to
bav it known thai tne officer, who are
charged with th praas. vsUon of Ibe piib.w
peat-s. and tha reatrai.it of lb crt-uiita. cotsw
are themael vtai tus product uf fraust or vm.
lenc. I he magistral ta iben witnout rest set
aadthelaw wnuoul aarurtem. l"bed.aalaot ww.
ts.sa.is cannot he Ies -e led and ma in run Is
on channel. Tn bl ling Ol a United Stale
maishal crrvlag a wnl uf arrest lor an .
lion on en -at Is lull at pmrapting and (--th.o
to men w ho are .arued by a t it y mar
shal forai-rime against ilfsur irperiy iat
It is taid thai this -rtiaiaiion win revive ra
aulmostiea, and some have even suggtsMed
thai when Ihe a-a-eial met hod t at Iraau at
mad irupo.-tub? tuey may b sipp.aausd oy
tnliml laUsax an-i vHen.-B.
If -ha propoatd law gtvta ' say quajj
Ifltsd elector, by a hair's weight, tour
than hi. equal In fuel Me. or detiari. by a
much Irum any acr qtiailbt-il rlsa-turm, .1 i.
fatal ur impracl e.. nut II Ibe la a ts equal
and tint auinvwltitst it is to evoke . now lUk M
tu fact that sum electors ..ate he tas.
rav-UMued loruirM lue tVanr ws- f.w others
aawell aa for lua-msa-ita. itien tiara anl-Iuo-.llleau.ighl
na lo be rtaaii-awsi witfauMt
sliam aud tanntd . given wsaglit in dwv
cu-s-ioo allUotit disttu tar.
No cb Ice ia left l" ma. bat ta rnf orrw w h a
vtsur all la as mi- it. lad iu a is. to taw riu
Sea bla mnaliluttoual rwiilt and lu naaaa.
tuead iliat ibe iaa.aKUa. ie. .4 au. a laws lat
pru-aptly reias-iloL li lupr.aa.jle annasai
and rea ly in en-si e-verr p oa-t f.ar tu aa
vsstt-a-uaai. of its matf-rtal inia-re-ta, I . rt -ra ,
sxsrbt-ra, mints a'. d last arm aim in .nielli
fan. a. pew e sad Se amy audsr In l.w of
lis etsminuoitis-a sad its bnaw is i..x c e tt-d
aa aura . vt-Mw-Mw oc f n. t-d ..H toan.
slat- saataun. I caawa add lamnivaa-' al
eit-rtiun p.u n liaat nut oul) dnuaru iatmi
rvaaita bat rub ta el" iter. CM utuvr staias, and
n-.tl.aBa of laeir ssuat (rkM auitn-.i
Tn preparation of tt general .sa-.,r-riatkja
bill, should be COOdu. ld w Ilk Iter grtrwleat
car and thee uaeal acrvitluy td rtprvii.a.e.
A Pis" -pt-al -ta snould be itbault. t . I br
mih.l- wrrvlo-, bat m aboaut te- wu -..t -i .
Iree frota prtwi igslity.
1 Vealui. aga.n to rem la I 1 .hi that Iha br rl
lime reui .lb f.srth -y na.H i..n ut Imp-Ma.
i Itaia'alion now awal'.isw -aair attea-t-on
.-tie-ti ut margin lor waai ii .tar pi 1 1
ro- -l .i .sou. Mat ged with u u;r aw. n.;e.l t
at.i i-a4-n,t.te work of Iha i ,fiv nrat twaa,
gr. .. 1. lat ennndeutly tuBanl Ivsl lu tawr
con-1-. -ralS judguiaail of the p s ..-.
In the (M-rmaa army tbe enipa-rtir fes
kuovrs aa "Alarm KriU," on nro-tint of
his habit of rousing the ynrrisi-ns in tbe
middle uf lb night.
IT BUTTONED UP EEHINO.
Fsvrfnt P red leant ent f n Cklesar Ctrl
Wh Wanted t G to Xtr Trk.
Ur. niTisncT Is thty local pnvwngr
-utentoftbo SJichliran C-ntTal railroaj.
ETerybtxly Ks aome fanny erprntnt
in lite, nnd Mr. neaitner U not an ex
oeption. A frentlesaao wrnt to him re
cently and sai J bn watri to ss-n 1 bis
daughter to New York; that tlwvu a
ronnK girl, and one wht LaJ Dfver
traveli-,1 a loii) distanr-ex Uo was nnx
iooa tu bare bt-r idaced ttnder the care of
some one who word J take an intemtt in
ber and soe that she rcacbt-d brrdi-afina-tion
safely. Tbe agi-nt, aa w as hi duty,
related the advantages of bis company's
Umited. Tbe tatber of fbe young lady
wm gttll nngatis-Sf-d.
llave you a moi.l on yonr liiuitotlT
bt aitln-d Mr. Ileutner.
Tbe ai-TCt said nu, an J as was bia
duty nnJor the circntiisUncre Mi 1 tu-it
orh an attache wja not DrrrivjkTj to
The father of Uu young girl ttill beoi
Utcl to parrtvats a ticket. -I think,"
hr saiil, "that in the imsv-nt cx a maid
would be rrry bandy. TU Ml yoa con
fidentially, however, bow it Is. My
wife baa hud b-r tlrrnsixiaker at the boose
fur tbe last t-n days gvtting tbe ynonf
lady retwly. And the drew is hn-abt-iL
1 wish yua bad a tnaid on yonr train."
Dt.w old is tbe yotuif la.lv r arknl
"About 13, gt.in(j on. sat J the cjrcurn
pect f:tibt-r. who had bens well drilled
"Old e-aongh. I abould thiak." said
the as-tit. "to anaas her own drr-as,"
"She coold (ret it off easy i-ntnigh," re
I'lietl the father. "Cat she couldn't get
it on tbe next -UKirning."
"I dtin't quite unJt-ratJtnJ." said tbe
agvnt, who began to be tn-rileze-l at Uiis
"Yon don"tr queried the falhcr. "The
blasted thing battona Up Va-hiad. and
it's the first drees of that kind she ever
bad." roared the parnnt. bis face like a
The agent rt-rxveTsJ frotn tbe Indicroas
situatioo in blue to say, - Well. I aup
ptne she has o-ttter drjss bss-a-ls-s this
" Yen, 1-ls-nty t.f Vui; but she and ber
mother hare gut it into their bee, la that
be can't get to Kew York n riles she
goes in the drew that buttons behind."
said the father.
The agvnt appenrv-1 iisitt-a--sl. but
only for a lu.xutmt. fog the r jircr-s of
araUroad aitvtit are Witt ml n-10.l1.-r.
I have it." be said. "Lrt Ut t-iru
Tbe father felt of bis chin in tuai rent-tcnjt4-iUve
manner which a uaa bag
when be ia lets-en the devil and tbe
dttep neav Then be cato to the front.
"That wont do." be aaid. "The drcas
baa a bustle In it."
"What's the nse of ber Uking off Ibe
--"- at all?" said tbe agt-nt, a his face
glowed with tbe dutnuvrry.
m go botue and talk tbe tnatW
orer." replied tbe father, about whose
aUbaster fnmt I her bad tnvwn larr
fonu of prr.pirat.on siaos be had ett--ered
-The affair." said Mr. He-aant-r. "rirw-t-uU
a new feature tn the ra-lruavd boai-t-ssst,
and one which will be discussed at
tbe next u-tiag of the araia. Tbe
tatber has not returned, and I ant afraid
of the tetilL"---s1JLicmgo Tnbuae.
a-sTP-oreT Africa ta a verv .nalartfnaa
eoun try. too.
Prtis-lope (anxlou. to aprjear iotanetrtaxt)
I rappose it tanat be. 1 ntiWtand it
is not nrwe--wit Kw V.u ir- ,
Cards ar Katrt Jna-a.
lbiladelphUOlrl-J MM bertl,
a this tioiae and hurry of New York.
New York Man If -ntadings te s-aep.
iaaFa." Mass PaJ -.-.- rtl a a TZ
A TUNNEL EPISODE.
Tat Uaa a Maaral Cm
gnisnts te Ponder.
Wiihont a tnotnent's warning the train
plnnged into a tunneL
There u notnethtu; inghtful in this
ndden change frotn the gu-is-t light of
day to the prufonml jjjlootn of Cimtneriaa
One moment we see flnshing past na a
wide siireswling landscaiaB 00 t-itber
hand. AU is gayety. aiiiioation, aboand
ing life. The licit moment everything Is
blotted from sight.
The nt rises of tbe train that came to
the ear with a gentle. lifftiMd murmur,
are now ft? used into a deafening, terri
ble roar t-at a-staiU tbe BS-nsea li ke the
mat. J.' -si t .-all of John L. KoUivan into
th-" f . tmstic art.
Ti.e .1: :id tran-li-r. with wide ojien
eyt htv.n-.ivig; to pierre tbe uornoie
t'li- n, 'ts-g-te bimo-lf to ntert tbe shock
wuo-ar ning be feebi wtth that vague
sen -a. of al.mn that is worse than the ab
aolote fort-know l.-d'e of the imi-eoding
The train plunged on into tbe dark-
At high noun of that day Enk-t Melooe
bad wetMetl .lyo-rine McfurJy, and
the Mire-ful nlr had idarted ou tbeir
In one erf the crow.lrsl cars of that
train ant Eulct Mai. die and bis Itrrely
In tbe speclacle of voang wrtLld tkrre
on ita first jtinrnt-y tht-re is something la-
exr-rtwHililr weifl and tt.tuUing.
The manly, ismler-ting devotion of tbe
young and tender bnlatnd. tbe s-rshio
glow on tbe rb-k nf the guaiiing, artna
bridetbeae. with the ktMwl--sige that
peer-.le are rnsliing blindly into this kind
of tbinir every day in tbc year, more tbe
Uititiglitful olaa--rer to Janire rert-rie.
Were you al.-iroi-sil. tlearewt?- intuired
Mr. t--hdie. after tlw train bl t-utt-rgrd
into daylight again.
"N-nt-t itin.'h. Eult-t." answerra the
"If 1 bad ted la-en afraid this tunnel
was a abnrt one. (ilyct-nne," be wbis
pered. "I shwial 1 have taken advantage
of the d-irktw-aa an'l kiteasi you. my lore."
"Didn't yt-u kiss rive. tl-strT" rn Laim-d
tbe w-tm.l.-ntig .nIe. "St-metdy did
half a dtigt-n umenr .ht-ago Tnbune.
rinrd la its-e.a thts M alla-T.
On Iu-l.-ja-uil.ttt-eJ.lv a -st kaire uf b-T-ped.asa
na. given liil (jlian to cele
lirate with. Afler a lime she was dia-covt-re-l
ka-Ling f.r s-fi uncuirm platrsta
bt-t wtst-Ti the Hiihng (ut which to drrtp
tht-in. DVina-ked why t-lu-.lid so abe
answt-rctl. .-) tln-y won t make so modi
notse." J u!(-e.
A .airtlaBalety t uri.i I.
ni-K k I b wr that our nM fn-txl Gay
litiy bia uiatiHsL V,1!. I aupptaae be
has a, itl-l down, an 1 le.ar is as true aa
tlie lHta.. .i h a.l. ?
White t.i i-n-fi-a-air t-f naiural ssHeore)
Yea: wiih the cul..:nsry allowanre
ft -r outaidc attrat-tion. of nmrw.-hev.
A rainier Caw t ansa
trtsntlt-inan Why do you always be
gin to la-g i tbe top fl.air in-4fd of be.
giniiiiig nt the first flsKar?
MesrHllt-aut Well, you w-e. if be-rtn
at ties l..;i fl.aar aa-l am thrown down a
fli'it t.f Maim I ran l-i i rij;ht on ta-g-g.lig
tdl the licit Utsd. T ta ifUllw
Dm Way ta Tub Is.
Mr. Bnrkey Jonallian Darker, eoo
stop annoyin your r-f-r olJ cra-dpi-p
or you'll jot ih siipi"-r .;u-l t.t j-er.
Jftul kxn I nin't "wyin bim. He's
goin f take a pill f.r bis rbt matix. aa'
he n-kl me t blow it dt-wn hut tbruat
with my la-an shouUT. Jo-U.-e.
A t leal- rsta
"l-tn'tp-tni.h.4. Yt-Uarh-.-s bbelf-4
you. but tht-n Tug Un. Wliat did be
"lie aaij I talked like a Un
"Tl's no LheL"
"But be irja-c-.fi-J the ai- It w
Mf Allistrr's. New York li-an.
Ttt r-t-s -asVa.
n.sd Yaitt-r-Vh-sred yisti get the
Waiter (it-n 'It-man gave it to me for
U-a.l Vaitrr-Tbi-n ft mnst be a tip.
ttjpuat. eh? New York Sun.
A t attrngn alnk.
Waldo Yes. 1 adira tr
ifs tbe t-nat, d.aa t you know, w
nna tbe culrure. Tbe wise
fnnn the east. ran i-i-inrtber.
tit alnsalt Tliat a w by they
they cwm frota it. LighL
ttm tunts- TIbm. Taw
"You toit-t do your work time,"
aid ibe tn-neti-r t-f the firm to aa eca-
I d...- was lb- rv-Jr. -The rtg-rr-ra
ta io d-bt t-t tne fug threw -) work
a-s-w." Wa-i,iru t'owt.
"Do you Write Vuor nrrrla
typevrnUTt" aaked aa Inquiattive
qtiolntaace of a baucbty oo-rt-liat.
"No." replied tbe mieehat curl In
hu a - I t , . .
w m (--it. asu'i ma, aoa braitta.
Tltat TO M -H b.
"Why do you carry two watrbs-ar
"IWatt-al I dtsnt like to I btU-Ttatl"
"IIow do two Watcbaa beln yea to
"They give 0 W-my of Umo."-Kew
Medical lmtmne in char- uf tbe dia
Sst tlllaT rookn taa-nlii . I k
-U you Ld with tbe subject wheat 3
MetUcai StotVrit W la 1.1 it
table, str. Burluig-toa rrre iyb-
-"- TrsaxMe Half wnf.
DaUKbbrr-ralUT. I Ulieve I was
born to arjury a ntibb-man.
Father -Yea: lul ihtAw tea.
V-ukott ih.bri.'Uailetd lii'tr--t-aat
jvm u t-tr- .wn:tn. tnv t t Hi Jlo-thly.
tataa caa esallj ban bis trwa wit Vt