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WINDOM IS DEAD.
The Awful Summons Comes to
the Festive Board.
STRICKEN DOWN IN AN INSTANT.
The Eminent Statesman Dies with the
Applause of His Last Speech
Ringing in Kis Ears.
m. irmnijr (iuafn CiU to Eternity The
Grim Terror Stalk. Into the Banquet
Hall ami Leare. a Form of Clay and
tne blanched Faces of the Revelers to
Mark His Presenre-The Jiews Tele
graphed to the Capital Finds His Wife
and 1 tighter Also at a Joyous Cath
erine Hi. l4st Utterances and a Sketch
of His Career.
New York, Jan. 30. Bulletin. -Secre-.tary
Windom dropped dead immediately
after finishing his speech at the board of
trade banquet last night.
New York, Jan. 80. The sudden death
of Secretary of the Treasury Windom
while at the dinner of the Board of Trade
and Tranportation at Delmonico's last
eight caused the
journ men t of that
body a few niin-
t e s after 1 0
o'clock. The sec
retary was the
first speaker of the
ner, which began
at 6 o'clock, was
after 0, and the
secretary arose to
peak. He enter- William windom.
tained the diners with a brief but forcible
oration, and sat down amidst the loud ap
plause of his auditors. Judge Arnoux
then got up and was in the midst of bis
speech introducing ex-Secretary Bayard,
when some one cried: "Look at Secretary
Iied at the Itaaqnetlng Board.
The speech was broken short and every
eye was turned in the direction of that
gentleman. He had collapsed in his chair
and was falling to the floor. His face was
ghastly and a cpy of horror arose from the
late festive revellers. . There was an im
mediate rush on the part of all han Is to
ward Air. Window's chair, but several
doctors who were guests at the dinner
got there fi rst and drove the others back.
They were Drs. S. A. Robinson, Durant,
Whitney, Fisher, and Bishop. Dr. liobin
aon bent down and making a close exam
ination of the prostrate form, discovered
that the heart was still beating. By his
orders the tiyimr secretary was carried
into the dish room adjoining the banquet
ing hall, and there placed on a table.
Messengers were hastily di:;patchsd for
electric batteries and as many as four
were applied to his body, which was rap
Idly becoming cold.
The Terrlhle Announcement.
This was exactly at IDA p.m., Hud for six
minutes the electric shocks were ap; lied
incessantly, but without success. At 10:11
p. in. Judg': Arnoux came out of the dish
room and announced to the diners that
Secretary Windom, whom they had the
pleasure of hearing only a few minutes be
fore, had breathed his last.
"He is dea l."
This wa the fearful announcement that
was sent through the gaily bedecked ban
quet hall, around which still bun? like a
funeral pall the smoke of the after-dinner
"He is dead!"
The words went to the heart of every
man who heard them. Could they be
lieve it? The brilliant orator of a few
minutes before, aglow with enthusiasm,
predicting his future policy in the treas
ury, was ouly a mass of clay. His -oice
was forever silenced, and his last woris
were for his country.
A Solemn and Awesome Scene.
Every man looked at his neighbor with
blanched cheeks. Death, that awful mes
senger, had descended upon their feast and
taken from the crowd one of the nation's
chief officers. A silence fell upon the men
who were only a few minutes before clam
oring for news of Mr. Windom. Judge
Arnoux in retiring had announced that
Mr. Windom had only fainted, and it was
not thought by the outsiders that it was
as serious as it proved to be. The secre
tary had succumbed to an attack of the
heart. He had been for a long time a suf
ferer from heart disease, and only last
Monday was visited by a shock, which,
however, passed away without causing
him much inconvenience.
AT THE NATIONAL CAPITAL.
Another Scene of Pleasure Turned Into
. One of Sorrow.
Washington City, Jan. 30. The news
of Secretary Windom's sudden death in
New York last night was not received
here until a late hour, and at midnight
was', known to but few. In oflicial life
to the president and among his brother
cabinet officers and their families the
news came about 11 o'clock, like a pall, at
the dinner and musical entertainment
given at his home by Postmaster General
Wauamaker to the president and cabinet.
The guests had assembled, had enjoyed
their excellent menu, and were being en
tertained with an inspiriting musical en
tertainment, with C. J. Bushell and Miss
Elliott, of New York, as baritone and so
prano, and Miss Amy Hare at the piano,
when the sad news came in a dispatch to
the postmaster general
Griof in the Stricken Home.
The president, Mrs. Harrison, Secretary
and Mrs. Blaine in fact, all the cabinet
or some members of their families, except
ing Secretary Windom and Attorney Gen
eral Miller, were present. Mrs. Windom,
her two daughters and a lady friend were
also present. When the sad n.iws came,
at the suggestion of Secretary Blaine or
tho postmaster general, Mrs. Windom's
friend, who had 'been informed of the sec
retary's death, feigned serious illness
waa accompanied by the secretary's wife
and daughter wa taken to Secretary
Windom'a home. There the news broken
to Mrs. Windom and her daughters was
followed by a scene of indescribable grief.
As soon as Mrs. Windom left the Wana
maker mansion the brilliant and joyons
entertainment came to an end and the
The President's Prompt Sympathy.
The president and Mrs. Harrison had
started home a few moments before the
sad news came, only to be apprised of it
when they rate lied the executive man
sion. The president immediately took a
carriage, and in ten minutes with Secretary
Proctor and Postmaster General Wanama
er, entered the Windom residence. Soon
many other friends came and endeavored
to calm the grief of the widow and or
phans. The utmost surprise was expressed
by every body unacquainted with the secre
tary's private life, as Mr. Windom was
the last man in public life in Washington
City who was thought to be in any way a
subject to disease. He had every appear
ance of good health, he was temperate in
his living and habits, and very domestic
in his tastes.
A SPEECH FROM DYING LIPS.
The Last Utterance of a Man Marked foi
the Arrow of Death.
New York, Jan. 3). Of the hundreds of
gentlemen who safr down at the tables
loaded with the good things of life, at the
banquet given by the Board of Trade and
Transportation last night, not one was
troubled by thought or premonition of the
awful manner in which that banquet was
to be brought to an end. Death, terrible
as he is at nil times, has an added dread
fulness wheu he apnea-s at the banquets
ing board. But he was hovering near
and had marked for his victim one of the
nation's great. Mr. Windom appeared in
perfect health, and a he ro-.i to speak to
the toast "Our Country's iVo-perity De
pendent Upon Its Ia-tri;..i.-:;U of Com
merce" tie looked ti.e last r, . ra at the tabk
who would be likely to be ushered sud
denly into tl e life U-ynd th ve.l.
These Be S;:1p:uh Mnis.
His speech was the first of the evening,
and spoken as it was from ti.e very portals
of the grave, it is j;iveu below:
Mk. CiiaikJuAn A.vn Gentlemen: lam to
speak briefly of the instruments of commerce,
in their relation to the wealth a:id prosperity of
the country. Thesubies-t is very brciai and my
time very limited. I shall therefore confine my
remarks to the two chief instrumentalities of
commerce transportation and money. A na
tion's wealth and prosiority are usually in pro
portion to the extent and success of its com
merce, and commerce itself is dependent njn
t!ie fwieqoiiry and adaptation of these two ee
acEtkd instruments. The history of all civilized
countries attests the fact that the nation best
equipped in these respects rapidly becomes the
most powerful, the richest, and the most pros
porous. ImeKtic Commerce of the I'nited States.
Our own country is no exception to the rule.
No nation has ever fostered more literally or
protected more carefully its internal "and
coastwise trade than we have done, and the
resultant magnitude, and prosperity of our do
mestic commerce is. I believe, without a paral
lel n in mstory or trie workl. We have more
miles of railroad than all Europe, Asia and
Africa combined. The floating tonnage of the
United States enjraired in coastwise commerce.
and on our hikes and rivers, is very far in ex
cess oi tliar of any other nation. Our increase
of wealth from 1S70 to lssil as compared with
that of other nations was United States. Ti:s,
5T J,t,si.j::t: Great Britain. $:j.ii.( ai.tvii i ; France.
Sl,4T5,tnJ.U; Germany, $:i,ti-i".,(i0.xr). Our
Hume markets in 1!S absorliert five times as
much of our manufactured products as Great
Britain exported of hers to all the markets of
Decadence of Our Merchant Marine.
Contrast these prand results of our literally,
developed domestic commerce, operating uik.d
our protected industries, with the present
shameful condition of our foreign carrying
trade. There was a time when we stood "first
among the nations in shipbuilding, and Great
liritain alone excelled us in ocean tonn:ure.
nce 85 per cent, of our imports and h per
cent, of our exports were carried in American
loat, and our merchant marine teame the
boast of every citizen and the envy of the
world. Now. so far as foreicn trade is con
cerned, our shipyards are comparatively silent,
and our flat,- has almost disappeared from the
Iron Steamers and Foreign Subsidies.
Ho strong had our position become under the
protective policy of the first twenty-five years
of our national life, that our moKchaut murine
c-.iuinu -il to lie prosperous so lonsc as wooden
Teasels were the only vehicles of ocean com
merce, and other nations refrained from heavy
sutuidies to their ships. But when wooden ves
sels l)OKan to be supplanted by iron steamers,
and European governments poured their con
tributions into the treasuries of their steam
ship companies, the decadence of American
shipping began and has continued ever since.
In my judgment the remedy is plain and easily
applied. If we would regain our lost prastiffe,
reinstate our flag upon the ocean, and open the
markets of the world to American producers,
we must make the contest with the same
weapons which have proved so successful in
the hands of our rivals. The folly and danger
of depending upon our competitors for tho
means of reaching c-omimtitive markets cannot
A 1'lea or Protection.
Suppose that for twenty-five years we had
given S'i.tl00,mi0 a year in aid of our foreign ship
ping, and reduced by that araonnt the prepay
ment of our bonded debt, should we not have
been far better off than we are now (Shall we
give that protection and snpport to our foreign
merchant marine that other nations give to
theirs, or which we freely give to all other
great interests, or shall we accept aa inevitable
our present shameful position? I regret to say
that the uniform record of indifference, if not
actual hostility, during the past fifty years, af
fords little reason for encouragement. In fact,
the tendency of late has been to surrender to
foreigners even our domestic commerce, rather
than to assert ourselves upon the ocean.
I'reniflentlal Appeals Unnoticed.
Discriminations of the most astonishing char
acter have been made, both by congress and by
treasury regulations, in favor of Canadian rail
road hues and steamships against our own.
Presidents of the United Ktates have repeated
ly expressed the national humiliation, and ap
pealed to congress for action in behalf of our
rapidly vanishing merchant marine, bnt thus
far their words have fallen upon deaf ears.
Lot ns hope that the urgent appeals of Presi
dent Harrison on this subjetrt may lear fruit
in some well devised measure of protection and
An Ideal Financial System.
It is as essential to commerce that the currency
with which it is conducted te. adapted, both in
quantity and quality, to the wants of trade as
that the vehicles of transportaticn should be
adapted to their purposes. The ideal financial
system would be one that should furnish just
enough of absolutely sound currency to m;et
the legitimate wants of trade, and no more:
and that should have enough elasticity of vol
ume to adjust itself to the varyiug necessities
of the people. Could such a circulating me
dium be seen re i the gravest commercial disas
ters which threaten our future might be
avoided. These disasters have always come
when unusual activity in business has caused
an abnormal demand for money, as in the
autumn, for the movement of our immense
lianger in a "Cast-Iron" System.
There will always be great ' danger at those
times under any cast-iron system of currency
such as we now have. Had it not been for the
peculiar condition which enabled the United
States to disburse over S75,0UU,0(J0 in about two
and a half months last autumn, I am firmly
convinced that the stringency in August and
September would have resulted in wide-spread -financial
rum. I am thoroughly convinced that
a better method can be devised which will, in a
large degree, place the power of expansion and
contraction in the hands of the people then
el rea. The opportunity for securing such a
currency may be found in our bonded debt,
which should, in my judgment, be in part ex
changed for interconvertible bonds, bearing a
low rite of interest, and always interchangea
ble f o r money at the will of the holder.
The Importance of Quality.
The quality of circulation is even more im
portant than the quantity. Believing that there
is not enough of either gold or silver in the
world to meet the necessities of business, I am
an earnest bi-metalist, and concede to no one a
stronger desire than I feel for the free and nn
limited coinage of silver, as soon as conditions
can be reached through international agree
ments, or otherwise, by which such coinage
shall b i safe. But it is r-y firm conviction that
for thfc country to enter upon that experiment
now w mid be extremely disastrous, and that it
wouia result not in hi-metahsm, but in silver
mono-netalism. I believe it would produce a
swift a id sure contraction, and eventually re
duce tt e market value of silver.
Facet of Unlimited Colnatre.
Wheji the silver dollar ceases to have more
value than the bullion It contains there will be
little in dm-ement to coin our own silver, and
the cost of transportation will prevent ito own
ing from abroad. How then will unlimited
coinage either expand the circulation or en
hance t he value of silver. The advocates of
present free coinage insist that it shall not
wait the slow process of mint oj orations, but
that the printing press shall be set to work pro
viding certificates to be issued for silver bull
ion at $1 for 3TW4 grains.
A Quotation from Scripture.
VThen this consummation shall be reached, as
surely it will be if unlimited coinage be adopted
under eiisting conditions, the too ardent and
impetno'in lovers of silver will sadly realize the
truth nt. ered by the wise King of Israel: "He
that lovMth silver shall not be satisfied with
silver." Give us direct and ample transporta
tion facilities under the American flag, and
controllel by American citizens; a currency
sound in quality and adequate in qnantity; an
international bank to facilitate exchanges, and
a system of reciprocity carefully adjusted
within the lines of protection, and not only
will our f oroiim commerce strain invade everv
sea, bnt every American industry will be
quic Knneu ana our whole people feel the im
pulse of a new and enduring prosperity.
1 lie rh sir tans' Certificate.
The do -tors who were present, after an
examination, issued the follow ing cerMfi
"We hereby certify that the Hon. Will
iam Wiudotn, secretary of the United
States treasury, died at Delmonico's at
i0:ll p. n .., Jan. 20. 1801; and we further
certify that the cause of his death
was, first, cerebral hemorrhage; second,
coma." It was decided to remove the
bady to t ie apartments in the Fifth Ave
nue hotel, which had been occupied by the
late secretary. Those who remained with
the body Jill night were Collector Erhardt,
Private Secretary Ilendley, Attorney Gen
eral Mille-, Secretary Tracy, F. B. Thur
ber, E. D. Harper, and Dr. Robinson,
The News Sent to the Capital.
When it wasoflieially announced that the
secretary was dead, Secretary Tracy at
once went r o the nearest telegraph office and
sent a message to President Harrison, in
forming him of the sad event and request
ing him to communicate with Mrs.
Windom a id have her start on the 11:10
p. m. trait for New York. This would
bring the widow to the city by 7 this
F.ECO.D OF A USEFUL LIFE.
A lirief synopsis of tile Public Service of
the Iead Statesman.
Secretary Windom was born in Bel
mont tout ty, O.. May 10, ISiT lie re
ceived an ac ademic education, and studied
law at Mount Vernon, ()., and was ad
mitted to ti.e bar in lS-Vt. In 1S.V2 he be
came prosecuting attorney for Knox coun
ty, but in 1j5 he removed to Minnesota
and soon afterwards was chosen to con
gress from that state as a Republican,
serving from IS. to In that body he
served two terms as chairman of the com
mittee of Indian affairs, and also was at
the head of the special committee which
visited the western triln-s in lSo.1, and of
that which investigated the conduct of
the commissioner of Indian affairs in
Sent to the Fnited States Senate.
In 170 he was appointed to the I'nited
States senate to fill the unexpired term of
Daniel S. ." rton, deceased, and was sub
sequently chosen for the term that ended
inis. He was re-elected for the term
that expired in 1SS.J, and resigned in 1SSI
to enter the c.ibkiet of President Gnrfield
as secretary of the treasury, but retired
on the accession of IVesident Arthur
in the same jear and was elected by the
Minnesota h gislatnre to serve the re
mainder of his term in the senate. In that
b idy Mr. Windom acted as chairman of
the committet s on appropriations, foreign
affairs and transportation.
Called to the Cabinet Again.
At ti e expir-ition of his term Mr. Win
dom went to New York and engaged in
business in Wall street. He was in the
midst of a pre perous business career when
Benjamin Harrison was elected president
and called him to his old position in the
cabinet. He hesitated to respond, but
was finally prevailed upon to leave New
York and go to Washington City. Siuce
bis resumption of the duties of the oflice
of secretary of the treasury, Mr. Windom
has beeu consti utly before the public be
cause of the late unsettled financial affairs
of the country.
Never Found Wauling.
He had shown himself equal to all emer
gencies, atid was found never to be want
ing on occasions that demanded prompt
and decisive action. In the time of Wall
street's latest trouble Mr. Windom acted
with such judgineiit that the "street" was
saved from a panic and many firms from
A HEROINE IN MICHIGAN.
8 lie I'uts the Chicago Kuight Templars
in the Shade.
Saginaw, Mich., Jan. 30. Miss Sarah
Little, who was desperately burned sev
eral weeks ago while dressing for a party,
w is subjected to a difficult skin-grafting
operation Wednesday. Eleven pieces one
inch wide and seven inches long were
taken Irom her sister, Miss Louise, who
heroically offered the necessary sacrifice.
The result of the operation was all that
was looked for. The doctors say that the
devotion and suffering of Miss Louise on
the behalf of bee sisxer was far beyond
that of the Knight Templars of Chicago
whose a-.ts of lrat .rnal love were heralded
throughout the country.
To Tuunel Under Mew York Bay.
Washington Cirr. Jan. SO. The senate
committee on commerce yestarday agreed
to report favorably without amendment
the hou-e bill giviig an incorporated com
pany the authority to construct a tunnel
under the waters of Now York bay from
Staten island to a point on Long island.
Somebody Bibbed a ."fail liix.
St. Lolis, Jan. 30. The consuls of a
mail box were found in a lu nber yard
near Tenth aud Sprues streets yesterday.
There were nearly H'JJ letters iu the pile.
Nearly all bore tie address of Chicago
firms, and towns in Illinois and Wiscon
The people of Mexico have taken to
drinking beer. Brjweries are t-pringing
up in every city of importance.
We have just received the first shipment of our new etock of
FOR THE EAKLY-
Spring season of 1891.
J3P We invite everybody to call and examine them
The Pioneer Clothier and Hatter,
115 and 117 West Second Street, DAVtNPORT, IA-
(. Pocket Cutlery, 1
We Lave 1 Table Cutlery, V in k1 st,
( Kitchen Cutlery. J
( Feithcr Dusters, J
We h4Ve 2 Carrot fiwepnore I oa
( Carpet Stretcher's. ) Uen
Snow Shovels for Snow.
Coal Shovels for Coal.
Dirt Shovels for Politicians.
Many useful articles for the house that are suitable for Xmas present.
Full line of mechanics' tools and builders' hardware.
1823 S econd avenue.
CARSE & CO.S'
For years we have made a specialty of silling the best Shoes made at Lowest possible
prices. A trial will convince you.
1622 Second Avenue-
DIM HfcTIOJK w fcXC4Mqa
I CURB fcr UiUMn
e mit ami coin huh
HiaJ5U.. HOKt. M.d. for thU.nifi.
fom, w QmmOn mk striae rwt?. BIM, taa.
IMC. OtaUaMaa CarmU mt KteetricttT tkroacb all WKAK
PARTS, ntoria tbcai ta HEALTH aa TKRIBOI'SftTltaMiTM.
Baatrta amt Patt laataallj, ar we forfeit So.Ua la aaaa,
EULT aa Mmi Co.aM aa. -Carat aaaat rr
am at It l'ara ta tkrM noataa. Baalea panpolat rca
BASDZJt KLECTKJC CO.. MSLabaUa&t., CMICAU.IU,
' b wUriClLJ.otiiArkKki.
. Ci-.ll or wal for eirruUr containing
tno JnoHt uuirrtlouac.treaof Coimu
t Ci,nrer, tiitfitVDiaWMir,, Scrotal
y P.. ., Srphi:i Kheaia&tiAin
'ill. 1uma. flonicl Ttontitav !.,
. mk. umrnuiA.ru; tint K-rtn.twi.
. r-vt -!. til.MII airni'i nun
JVC. E. MIURRTJNT,
Choice Family Groceries
Cor. Third arence and Twenty-3r. St., Ro:k Island,
patoapntocl? ' Toearie Ut 0-4 t loveat Urlr pric. A lUn of pa bile
Xaaafactaref of all ktada of
BOOTS AND SHOES r-
OraU' Fin. 8hoa a piJ4y. Bepalriac aot mnJjiftompOj.
A ahf of jot paaronago fQapoctfiUy aoMctfaV.
1618 Second Arenae. Rock bland. Dl.