Newspaper Page Text
rablished Daily and Weekly m 104 Second Aw-
J. W. potter.
All eommonJctlom of a critic! or nrgnmenU-
J2 IflxfJ1."1 .T. "'Won.. man hare
K0KD4T. February 2 1881.
The income of King Kalakaua was
Sfift nan vod. v... v. J:. j
- - j u uc uieu comparative
A London printer put a penny in the
bioi oi a machine intended to Drove a
man's striking power, and then punched
the pad offered to receive the blow. The
spring didn't woik. his wriBt was broken
and the jury gave him $50.
Crawford's Vint rueu.
The Chicago Herald of Saturday re
lates the following amusiag incident rela
tive to Hon. Bill" Crawford. Rock LI
and county's bucolio statesman:
Senator Crawford, of Rock Island, the
rarmer senator not Hank Evans' inseu'
arable chum was a momber of the house
two years ano. The bojs say that waen
ne received nis nrst f 100 voucher be took
it to the State National bank to be
cashed. The teller looked at it and saw
it was not indorsed, so returned the
voucher to C.-nwford, saying: "Just in
dorse this, pleas-i'." "Eh, what's lhatT'
asked the representative, who had never
har.dl :d a check before in his life. "Just
indorse this and I'd cash it," reiterated
the teller, tapping the voucher impatient
ly wicb hi flowers.
Oii, y b; oh. yes,' returned the states
man. I understand now." Then he
took the voucher, walked over to a desk,
and on the back of the certificate wrote:
"I heartily approve the within. William
We are pleased to note that Hon. George
W. Viuton proposes to push the matter
of securing another hospital for the in
sane, and that be will alio use his best
endeavors to have it located somewhere
ia this locality . There is a crying need
for another institution of this character.
The Chicago News tf Saturday said:
Mr. Vinton, of Moline, is one of the
democratic u.ejnbcrs of the house who is
anxiously awaiting the appointment of
committees by Speaker Crafts. He has a
bill for no net t osU'.lish ttie Illinois
Western hospital for the insane, which he
hopes will be placed in his bailiwick. It
provides for appropriate buildings to ac
commodate 50O patk-nts and appropriates
400,000 therefor. The government of
the hospital is to be vested in a board of
three trustees. They are to select a site
in that part of the state west of the Illi
nois river, containing from 240 to 260
acres. Plana for the buildings are to be
approved by the governor and commis
sioners of public charities.
On last Thursday afternoon the presi
dent nominated George C. Rankin post
master at Monmouth to succeed John W.
Lusk. The appointment will create con
siderable surprise throughout the dis
trict, as it was expected that Capt. Turn
bull, who was Gest's opponent in the last
republican congreaeioaal convention,
would secure the plum. But Gsst evi
dently considered that Capt. Turnbu'l
committed a grave offense ia allowing
his name to be used for an office to
which he (Gest) claimed complete own
ership, and therefore displayed his usual
indictiveness in refusing to appoint
Capt. Turnbull. This action of Gest's
will no doubt pat a quietus on the little
boom that the Monmouth Atlas has been
endeavoring to work up for him in 11802,
as the appointment of Rankin is a direct
rebuke, not only to Capt. Tnrnbull. but
to Peyton Roberts, member of the repub
lican state central committee, and other
shining lights in the party in Warren
county, Gest's blunder in this instance
Is abont as stupendous as the one he
committed in selecting his Rock Island
postmaster, bat he evidently thinks he
bas done the proper thing.
Tbe Spelling of Kunt.
In a city where nearly every nationality
In represented, one is apt to stumble across
some very peculiar names. For years I
have been acquainted with a Kentleman
who pronounced his name as though it
was spelt "Shiblewis." If I ever gave it a
thought it wan that the name was so spelt.
But a week or two ago he died, and the
proper spelling wart revealed. It was
Prybyzylowitz. The gentleman was of
course either a Pole or a Russian, and no
doubt tin spelling was orthodox from his
point of view. Hut just imagine a man
trying to find Much a name in tlieriireetory.
Interview in St. Louis Globe-IX-mocrat.
Kobea of Office.
The custom of wearing robes by the
justices of the supreme court of the United
States was adopted from a similar custom
in England. The garment is a long b'fack
robe, enveloping tbe person from the
shoulders to the feet. It is made with full
sleeves and full body, and somewhat re
sembles clerical robes.
One Definition of Home.
It was Thompson who said:
Florae b the reaort
Uf Iwe. of joy. of peace and plenty; where,
BupporUnir ami supported, potwitvxl friends
And dear relations mingle icto blms.
"Your books haven't any meat in
them, Bronson," observed Scaddleberry.
"My dear fellow, you should patron
ize a batcher, not a novelist," returned
Bronson. New York San.
Mrs. Hicks I've just read of a poor
fellow by the name of Cload who killed
himself for the lock of a few dollars.
Hicks Why didn't he use hid silver
lining? Harper's Bazar.
FREE TRADE WORKERS.
MAYOR SARGENT, OF NEW HAVEN,
AND HIS TARIFF VIEWS.
He Is the Greatest Hardware Manufact
urer in the World Dees Not Fear
"European Cheap Label-" American
Labor the Best in the "World.
The Hon. Joseph B. Sargent, nayor of
New Haven, Conn., whose recent inaug
ural address attracted wide discussion
throughout the country, is the largest
manufacturer of hardware in America.
Mr. Sargent holds the carious distinction
among our great manufacturers of being
an absolute free trader. His views on
the subject of raising revenues mav be
seen from the following extract from his
"But whatever may be the future
methods of taxation or sources of rev
enue for the support of local, state or
national governments, let us hope that
there may be no more collected than is
absolutely necessary for the proper and
economical administration of govern
ment affairs, and that there may be no
direct or indirect imposition of unnat
ural and therefore unjust burdens upon
the whole for the benefit of any favored
or grasping few."
A free trade manufacturer of the
prominence of Mr. Sarsrent is snh an
oddity that it is of special interest to
Know something about him and how he
arrived at his present views.
Mr. Sargent is no theorist on the tar.
iff. He views it from a mannfactnrfr'
standpoint. For thirtv rears h haa
made hardware, establishing a business
which ueyond dispute is the largest in
the world in locks, bolts, builders' and
fnrniture hardware, and in certain li tips
of carpenters' tools. He etnplors from
i.ouu to -utMi men, varying with the sea
son. His factories cover four snlirt
blocks, equivalent to sixteen blocks of
city nouses. They furnish a roof for
nearlv twelve acres of srrnnTid The
splendid establishment that he now has
necame what it is through his energy.
He thinks he does only fairly well in a
light season if his dailv outnut of enodn
is fifty tons. It would be at least four
times that quantity, he is confident, if
he could cret his raw material free of
Mr. Sarsrent was once a nrot-pntinnist.-
bnt the experience gained in his daily
business as a manufacturer and in sell
ing his wares in foreign countries first
began to awaken doubts in his mind as
to the wisdom of the r.rotective svstem.
He had been taught that the higher
wages of labor with us as compared with
wages in other countries made protec
tion a necessity: but he ohsf-rv! in hi
business that the finer grades of his
wares tonml frequent outlet abroad, and
that this was especially the case with ar
ticles in which the labor cost was great
est This began to shake Mr. Sargent's
iaitn in the assertion that we need pro
tection by reason of higher wages.
Air. b argent is an enternrisins man
and has an inquiring mind. He was
curious to find an explanation of the re
markable fact first noted, and in order
to study the labor question to best ad
vantage he made trips to Eurone. and
later to China, Japan and Australia.
The result of Mr. Sarzent's investiga
tions was that he became an absolute
free trader. He states in the following
language the result of his observations:
Jiy trips abroad were made to inves
tigate the competition that miht fol
low provided the farmers should insist,
as i presumed they would, on buying
their supplies on a free trade basis in
order to meet the competition of eastern
countries in wheat, cotton and other
farm products. I found amour? the
manufacturing districts in England that
as a general rule, although the workmen
there get much lower wages than ours
when counted by the dav or week, vet
when counted by the piece or by the re
sults or their labor their employers pay
them higher wages than we Dav in
America. I found on investisatincr the
cheap labor of Japan, China and India
that on account of the very small raod-
uct per man labor in those Asiatic coun-
mes is generally dearer than in Amer
ica, although the common laborer gets
in those countries only from ten to
twenty cents a day. As a manufacturer
i would not rear, under free trade, the
competition of foreign chean labor, so
long as cheap labor stays where it is
Mr. Sargent found, as he says, that
'American labor is the best in the world.
It will carry everything before it." Why
American labor is more effective than
that of Europe may be seen from what
Mr. Sargent found in Germany. He
"Let me tell you how men work in
Germany. They begin at 5 in the morn
ing. At 8 they quit for an hour for
breakfast. Then they fill their pipes and
saunter back to their benches. About 10
they knock off for beer and sausages.
By the time their pipes are filled again
an hour has passed. At 1 o'clock they
go home to dinner. That takes another
hour. They must have more beer at 3.
Along about 5 or 6 they go home to sup
per for an hour and come back and work
until 8. That is the way they have al
ways done and always will. They call
it fifteen hours' work a day.
"Nowhere is a double spring hinge.
It has been riveted and finished. We
pay for the labor on it fifteen cents a
gross. In a German shop the labor costs
fifteen cents a dozen. Our product is
quite as good a piece of work as theirs
Our men who do it make $3 a day against
forty cents made in Germany. We work
ten hours a day, but we don't stop for
beer aud sausage or pipes, and we have
Improved machinery to aid the handi
work. "The springs in that hinge," said Mr.
Sargent, "are made by a little machine
that costs $800. A German manufact
urer would think it wonderful extrava
gance. Nothing of the kind is used
there. They turn their springs on a
handpower apparatus." j
. What Mr. Sargent finds necessary in
order to enable our manufacturers to
command the markets of the world is
"My observation has taught me thai
the greatest obstacle to American com
petition in foreign markets to nearly
every class of goods is the high price 1
our raw materials. Take off the duty
and we will send our goods everywhere.
Wages would increase here under such
a systexi rather than become lower. The
cost of freight between England and thif
country would amply protect tha Ameri
can wor ftngmen against European labor,
even if there were anything to be feared
on that Hoore, which 1 do not believe,"
LESSON OF THE SELF BINDER.
How It Has Cheapened Prod action and
Enlarged the Market.
Mr. Eiwanl Atkinson, of Boston,
shows in a lato number of The North
western Miller that the self binder,
which was first used in the wheat fields
n 1S77, did the work of six or seven
men. This saving of labor reduced the
cost of producing wheat by many ceus
"But," ndds Mr. Atkinson, "the little
knot did more, it bound the English
speaking t eoplo together by enabling th
farmer of r'ar Dakota to serve his neigh
bor iii the inotiior country 5,000 luilef
away, to whom the railway and the
steamship now carry the wheat from
the prai.-nrs that but a few years since
were tlu li me only of the wild buff.de
and the wil J horse, at a cost or charge
of only a hi. 'penny, or one cent, for mov
ing the wht at that is needed to make
the quartern loaf of four pounds, from
Dakota to linglnnd.
The eileet of the self hinder in widen
ing the farmers for.Mirn market for
wheat and flour may i.; seen from tb
following ujrure.s showing onr exports ol
wheat and n nir to Lapland for the five
years after it. was invented.
Amount in Cwts
3 41 ClO.OOt
The price of wheat was meanwhile
declining somewhat, but this was more
than made go ;1 to the farmers by the
greater cheap less of production ranged
by the saving ot labor in harvesting
The farmer will note that it was iD
Europe that this development of his
foreign market took placi. Europe al
ways has iKien and always will be tht
farmer's best f m-ign market. Our total
exportsofwhe.it and flour f r the fiscal
year 1830 am t nted to 10:2,:;i2.)ii). and
ox this EngLtm 1 alone tool; sfW.Sitt.OOO.
or almost two-thirds of the whole. Is it
not supremely ridiculous for the protec
tionists ro try t o represent Eucrlaml af
our commercial enemy which we must
try to cripple? Onr trade with England
they are willing- to put iu jeopardy by
wild schemes of Mchlinleyism, which
will surely fon:e that country to seefc
her grain supply from other lands. and
in return for tiiis dangerous meddling
with the farmer's best market, our pro
tectionist lawmakers try to conjure up
with the cry of "reciprocity" a market
for the farmer in the small and poor agri
cultural countries of South America. ,
Mr. Atkinson's remarks abont the sell
binder suggest a further thought. He
says this machine does the work of bu
or seven men. Each machine, there
fore, throws five or six men out of em
ployment. This was doubtless a hard
ship to the men in cases where employ
ment was actually lost and new place
had to be found, but once the change
was made nobody feels or believes any
longer that labor lias suffered by the in
vention of the roaper. Thousands ol
laborers have fcund employment in
building machines, and all laborers have
cheaper flour than ever before, which
amounts to the sarie thing as an increase
of their wages.
This fact has a strong bearing upon
the tariff question as related to wages.
The protectionists tell us that "cheap
foreign goods" must be kept out of the
country in order th it our own laborers
may be employed in making our goods.
They claim that nany laborers would
lose their places if it were not for the
But is it not clear that the removal ol
a duty would have the same effect as the
invention of the self binder. Some
laborers might lose their present employ
ment, but would not the whole mass of
the people, including laborers, be im
mensely benefited by cheaper goods'
If the duty on wool were removed it u
possible that a small number of laborers
would nave to change their occupation,
though even this if improbable. But
even if this should be the result, would
it not be far better to let the wool duty
go, in order that all the people might
nave cheaper clothes. Some months ago
about half of the woolen mills in the
country were reported idle. Free wool
would set all these mills humming, and
in the enlarged demind for labor no
body but a blind protectionist would be
found to lament the fate of a few men
who had to quit raising wool. But no
one would have to qui; raising wool by
reason of putting wool on the free list:
on the contrary, onr domestic wool
would bring a better price.
Without a tariff a f sw of our indus
tries might go to the wall. But does not
this simply signify that such industries
are kept on their feet by artificial tariff
prices Possibly our tlate glass indus
try is one which could not survive with
out the protective duty. But if it should
Ierisli utterly what wotdd be the result:
The laborers of nine or ten plate glass
factories would have to find other work.
a hardship to them, of course; but the
country would pay $10,000,000 less per
year for its plate glass. The price of it
would be less than forty cents a foot, in
stead of from sixty-five to ninety cents,
as at present.
The question in the uase of the self
binder and of the wool ami the plate glass
tax is precisely the same the general ad
vantage of all as against the advantage
of a very small class. Th e maxim "The
greatest good to the greatest number" is
at war with protection and the privileged
classes that fatten on protection.
An Interesting Situation
Is suggested in the picture below.
But then you must know that Captain
King is given to introducing all sorts
of interesting situations aM
through nis stories.
We are about to publish
"m mm portir,
One of the Captain's latest and best Re
rials. It is probably not necessary
for us to suggest that
You 'Should Not Fail to Read
Deafaeas Cannot b Cnrad
by local applications, as they cannot reach
the diseased portion of the year. There
is only one way to cure deafness, and that
is by constitutional remedies Deafness
is caused by an iuflimed condition of the
mucous lining of the Eustachian Tube.
When this tuhe gets inflamed you hnve a
rumbling sound or imperfect hewing, and
when it h entirely closed, deafness Is the
result, and unless the inflammation can
be taken out and this trbe restored to its
normtd condition, hearing will be de
stroyed forever; nine cises out of tea are
caused by catarrh, which is nothing hut
an inflamed condition of the mucous
We will give one hundred dollars for
any case of deafness (caused by catarrh)
mat we cannot cure by taking nail's Ca
tarrh Cure. 8Jnd for clrcuUrs, free.
Sold by druggifcts, 75c.
F. J. Cheney & Co- Toledo, O.
A man can never write true poetry
Uiless he bas once heen seriously in love
and most men cannot even then.
I feel it my duty to sv a few words in
regard to Ely's Cream Blm, and I do so
entirely without solicitation. I have
used it more or less half a year, and have
found it to be most admirable. I have
suffered from catarrh of the worst kind
ever eince I was a little bov an.1 T dptpt
hoped for cure, but Cream Balsam seems
to ao even ttiat. Many of my acquaint
ances have nsed it with excellent resulu
Oscar Oatrum, 45 Warren avenue.
If you do a man a favor do not le; him
know it, or tbe chances a-e he will come
back for another lift.
NOTHING LIKE ITI
Blood is thicker than wiier,
and must be kept pure to
laaore good health.
Swift's Specific is natures remedy
for thU purpose.
It never to fails etimnate the lmpui
ties mad build up the general hea'tk.
Tbv ia only one wift'B Specific,
and there is nothing like it.
B aure and get the genuine.
Treatise on Blood and Skin Diaeaaaa
The Swift Specific Co., Atlanta, Oa
PHFPADm 1 V.'A
SELECT FRiirrcfc Wi
A8K TOUR GROCER FOR IT.
HENRY C. SCHAFFEB,
SOFT AND HARD
Office 1431 Second avenae, corner Fifteenth at.
Telephone Ko. 1033.
Great Clearing Sale
February 2d to
TO MAKE ROOM FOR
Will c!we eat larre lit or Bed Foom and Paor ttm at cent, alto crest var.. it of Odd
Chair will be aold cheap. " a
Ejgn Do ne t fail to mies this opportunity.
No. 103, 105 and 107 East Second 8t.,
H. SIEMON & SON,
toves and Tinware.
PUMPS, DSTJLIXjS, &o,
Baxter Banner Cookinj and Heatinc Stovea and tbe Oencseo Cooking Store.
Tin, Copper and Sheet Iron Work.
1503 SECOND AYE., ROCK ISLAND, ILL.
J. B. ZIMMER,
THE WELL KNOWN
Star Block, Oppoerrx Harper IIousx.
hif pnrcbaaed for tbe
Spring and Summer of 1891,
A larger and loer atock Uiaa tt. Tbeee ;oodf wUl arrive ia a few dar. VaU and aee them.
IXCORroRATKS OTTDM TEX TH RATI LAW.
Roek Island Savings Bank,
ROCK ISLAND, ILL.,
Open dally from a. m. to ?. mv, aad ftetttrdaylevenlat froa T to 8 o'clock.
Five par oeat Interest paid oa Deposit. Money loaned on Persotud, Cot
lateral, or Real Estate Securltj
t. P. RXTHOLDS. Free. T C. DXXKKAjnt. nee-Prw. J. K. BUTOSO. OeatUer.
P. L. MtchelL K P Beraolda, F. C. DenkBaon. Joba CntauX C. f. Lmde.
Bejnem. L. Btmon, B. W. Bant. I. M. Word.
Jacuoi A Hcaar, Solicitor.
SWWU be1n boalneM Jalj S. ISM, and will occupy boeboc rooa wUb KttcVeQ Lrdo
until new bank ia erauleed.
ST. JAMES HOTEL,
Comer Twenty-third atrcet aal Fonrth avenae. .... Rorrg isutxn flrl-
J. T. RYAN, Proprietor.
Thia booae ha jnatbeeo rated tkroachoat aad la now in K Ko. 1 coad'.Uoa. It ta a Lrat claae
9100 per d ay hoiM and a deairabla f aatfly hotel.
Steam Cracker Bakery,
MAJrvraCTTUX 07 CXACXXZJ AMD BZICVITt.
Ask your Grocer for them. They are beet.
arSpecJaltit The Cnrlety "OTtTIK" and the Chriaty ,WAXE.,
ROCK ISLAND. ILL.
SEIVERS & ANDERSON,
Contractors and. Builders,
ALL KINDS OF CARPENTER WORK DONS.
OfOeneral Jobbing done on abort notice and aaUafaction f saracteed.
Office and Shop H13 Fourth Avenue ROCK ISLAND ILL.
tO.l Fourth Avenae, Dealer In
Confectionery, Cigars and Toys,
School Book. Scbocl Snppllea, Tableta. Btc, Etc.
CONTRACTOR AND BUILDER,
Shop corner Twenty eecond etreet and Ninth arenae. Reaidenoe t3X
tVIa prepared to make eatlmatra and do all klnde of Carpenter work. Give nba trUli