Newspaper Page Text
A Wide Difference of Opinion in
BLAIR SIGH3 POS THE KOBTH POLE
HI. Idea of "Flea BUe" Attirkrd by
Haw iff Owt-nhj Lti Oat Some More
Information About That Silver Tool,
ml - st Congrrvtrocn wre la.
solved A Test Votn In the Coinage
Committee Monthlj Report from the
Tr-aurjr Official Note.
Washington City, Feb. 4 The coast
defense question was again the subject of
a spirited debate in the senate yes-terday.
Gorman moved a reduction in tbe appro
propriation for tbe pnrcha.se of oil-tempered
stwd for high pressure gnns from
t:,000,.'K) to $2.t0,0oO, tbe senate committee
haviDg proposed a reduction to $00,000.
Dawes opposed Gorman's amendment and
advocated that of the committee on appro
priations. Referring to Ilaw ley's speech
of Monday as to the absolute necessity of
coast dt-fennes, he said the committee on
appropriations was in harmony with it to
the nttnoxt limit of prndence. liut the
committee found itself standing "between
the devil and the deep sea." On the one
hand it found itself confronted by CVxk
rell's sentiment that there was no necessi
ty for any fortifications whatever; by
Blair, who proposed to turn the fortifica
tion bill into a missionary enttrprise in
Africa, and by Dolpb, who wanted $121,
000,000 to 1 expended over several years
for coast fort i Scat ions.
JUalr Viulil C.obt.le CMiiaii.
Dlair, taking up Dawes' reference to his
"missionary" proposition, said that after
all the ti)isi:tary was a grcnter for
than the warrior, and Lai accomplished
more good in the world. He desired to
have ti. const put in a condition of tie
fense. 1 ever the United States were seri
ously attacked it would be by a land line.
Canada, he Mieved, would be the great
basis of warlike perrtir.n against the
United States; and therefore it was that
Canada ou'ht to be. secured and made
p-rt of tiie American union. The north
ern line f the United States ought to be
pushed baik to the north pole, and then
it would 1- inrtified by seas and icebergs.
He hoped t hat his amendment would be
ndop'ed so that a bill which appropriated
t4,0no,ncji) or f.l.nfti.OOO for war purposes
might also appropriate $100,000 for the
promotion of universal peace and the ces
sation of war.
A ( rMieism by Ilawler.
Kven Mipt-osing New York city were
bombarded and destroyed, that woaid re
b:it a flea l ite on the resources of the
country, and would only serve To stimu
late the war feeling of the people of the
United States, -nd create such a rage that
armie of invasion wonld le organized,
and would iiot lay down their arms until
the insult and the injury were thoroughly
Hawley expressed his astonishment that
senators would make snch extraordinary
mistakes, and would differ so totally from
men who had given their lives to the study
of all that business. Nobody w ho studied
the art of warfare would agree with the
senator from New Hampshire when he said
that the destruction of the city of New
York wonld 1 a mere flea bite as com
pared with the power and wealth of the
. BVct of a Itloekade of New York.
New York was tbe carotid artery, Haw
ley said, of the country, of its commerce
and its finances, and the blockade of New
York by a foreign fleet would be felt in
twenty four l ours in every village of the
country. There were within the range of
lonsr t'un in tight harbors along the
roast (including New York nn 1 Boston a
grand total of $t,5()0,o;)0,0il0 of destructi
ble property, without any a lequata secur
ity against tlie vicissit udes of war. That
was a very large fraction of the total
wealth of the country. No power was go
ing to venture on aland invasion of tbe
United States. In cue tense the bonib
bardment of New York would ba a com
paratively small matter small as com
pared to t he shame that would attach to
the idiotic imbecility which had failed to
Lave a gun to prevent it.
W hy Alger In at the Capital.
Ws.sciwros C'lTr. Feb. 4 Gen. Rus
sell A. Alger, of Michigan, appeared 'be
fore the setiate committee on commerce
yesterday and made argument on the sen
ate bill to regulate the management of
lumber rafts upon the great lakes and
connecting waters. Gen. Alirer asked the
committee to make certain modifications
in the bill.
SEVEN CONGRESSMEN "IN IT."
The Number Owenby Heard Were in
the Silver I'ool.
Washington Citt, Feb. 4 -The testi
mony of James A. Owenby lefore the sil
ver pool investigating committee was con
tinued yesterday. Owenby explained that
the boo'is to which he referred yesterday
and which he said were locked up, were
ordinary memorandum books. Owenby
was questioned as to his conversation
with Donald, the Hanover bank cashier.
In which Donald, according to Oweaby's
testimony, had told him that certain setia
ators and representatives were interested
in silver transactions. Owenby offered to
give the Dames, but Payne and Kowell ob
jected. Oates thought the names should
Seven Congressmen Interested.
Witness said he thought seven congress
men were mentioned in the conversation.
Donald stated that these congressmen
were interested in silver through certain
parties and institutions, and he men
tioned tbe Fourth National bank aud tbe
Chase National bank as conducting the
dealings for them. Donald also said that
Zimmerman & Forshay, August Belmont,
and Carson & Simonds were interested.
The order for silver were given through
them, aud it was bought in London, as
Donald said, "to cover up their tracks."
Donald said that when he had any doubts
about matters he came over to thi city
saw a representative and also a senator.
He had close relations with the latter.
The total amouut of silver that was to be
bone lit by the persons interested with
Donald was. according to Donald's state
ment, $1,000,000 worth.
Had a Code of Telegraphy.
Witness explained a code prepared by
, Donald for telegraph purposes in regard
to legislation. He showed the committee
a letter from Mr. Parsons of a confi lential
character t jr the purpose of showing the
committer that Parson was not ingenu-
on when be spoke slightingly of hits
(Owjnby) to the committee. Witness
spoke of further conference with Dooald
as to the agreement between himself, Don
ald and others for the purchase of 6. OKI, 000
ounce of silver. The silver was pur
chased through several firms. among thera
tbe Chase aud Fourth National banks,
August Belmont and others. The firms
were not interested in the purchase, but
Donald said that they were purchasing
silver for certain members of congress.
It Was What Donald Said.
Owenby frequently disclaimed having
personal knowledge of any congressman
being implicated in silver purchases, but
tried frequently to bring in the names of
persons whom Donald said were dealing
in silver. In this way he brought up tht
names of Ketch am of New York, and D.
T. Littler, and Payne each time objected
to him giving names that he only knew by
hearsay. He believed there was a con
gressional pool in silver, and had so stated
in an interview, his belief growing out ol
what had been told him by Donald
and others. He bad heard that
$250,000 had been put up for the benefit of
congressmen who were too poor to buy
Con Id n't Iel with (ullom.
While the examination wis proceeding
Owenby said without solicitation that h
himself had intimated to S-nator CuMoni
that he kuew where the nator could get
some silver to je;-i!t.i;e with, and if
Cullom did not h.ive ny money he (the
witness) could gei tue sliver for him.
Cullom. the v;t-es n .1. l.rvd positively
at down" on kirn an ! ! i declined em
phatically to I;ae avjtiitng to do with
the speculation Sever.i: amusing inci
dents octurrrcu duru:- t;;e examination.
One of these took pi u-.- ;i;:.t Pnjne hl
read an txtr.-w.-: .-.. t..e interview, quot
ing Owenby as s.ty:r. that t -u s.Ivt pool
people wanted is JtUug tc .: , w:.!i -.he
d n fool Demoen;ts" ' ; r. ;-.- t .: -vj::' 1
vote their w -iy any how.
Has Xn r.Tth hi Koiit .in-.
"What are yotir polity- risked Out.
"I'm a D; niocT.it. ati -wi iwi th,-w;t !..'
Great laughter f i. ;.:;u i" t asked:
"Are you on? of the km i oi Democrats to
which you refer?"
"No," ans.'ere.l tl.vet.by, testily; "but 1
suppose you're th at kia I of a Repub
lican." Owenby caused another laugh by stat
ing that he litlieved the committee had
prejudged him; he had come to this beliet
from what he bad read in the newspapers
and from his general lack of confidence in
CONDITION OF OUR FINANCES.
The Hrbt Reduced Nearly lfi, 000,000
Washington- Cur, Feb. 4 The treas
ury department monthly debt statement
for January, owing to the death of Secre
tary Windom, was not issued until yester
day. The reduction of the public debt
during the month of January, as show-,
by t lie statement, amounted to flo,S33.4W.
and fur the seven months of tbu current
h-c d year, or since Jcly 1, l-V', to Ml,
5J,12T. The net cash or surplus in tbe
treasury, inc-JuJin subsidiary coin. is $70,
zJ,?A against f.r.57L12 on Jan. 1, 1S:1.
an increase of nearly $ 13,500,000 during
t.ie month. Of the surplus national bank
depositories bold $J3,5it,S13, or about
fo00,00 less than a month ago.
l.eceipts and Kxpenditnren.
Government receipts during January
aggrega-d $T7.0r5.r7.i, againt $34.fv1.153
in January, Custom receipts
reached the high aggregate of fi3.TO7.953,
or 1,000,000 more than in Jauuary. 1399,
and internal revenue receipts were $11,25.1,
953, or nearly a million and a quarter
more than in January a year ago. Gov
ernment receipts from all sources for
the seven mouths of the current fiscal yenr
aggregate !55,3:tf,Go6, against fc27,.V:..V'i6
during the same period in the preceding
fiscal year, an increase of SiT.SS'J.OWwhile
expeflitures dnring the past seven
months aggregated $234.474. 420, against
fJO3,4itt,G04 duririg the corresponding
months of the preceding fiscal year. The
pension charge during the past month was
l,(rj0,570, and for the fiscal year thus I;ir
aggregates ?70.isi,br,7, agninst '.3.4Vi.71S
for the first seven months of t!ie preceding
THE FIGHT ON SILVER.
Free t'oinae Men Itraten in the House
Washington- Citt, Feb. 4. The house
committee oa coinage, weights an J meas
ures held an exciting session yesterday.
The senate free coinage bill, which the
committee has had under consideration
several meeting days recently, was the
topic of ciscussion. An effort was made
by t'.ie silver members of the committee
to have a day set for a vote in committee
on the bill. After a great deal of heated
discussion Bartine of Nevada moved that
no more hearings lie held after Feb. 10,
with the understanding that the commit
tee should then begin its personal consid
eration of the bill. Bartine's motion was
tabled ayes, 7; nays, 5. Wickham of
Ohio, the chairman of the committee,
Toted with the silver men against tabling.
After ome further discussion Vaux of
Pennsylvania moved that the committee
hf.ar a St. Louis delegation opposed to the
silver bill not later than next Tuesday.
This motion was carried S to 4 Wickham
voting in the affirmative against the silver
men. Tbe committee adjourned.
In Senate and House.
Washington Citt, Feb. 4. In the sen
ate yesterday the house bill to amend the
revised statutes in reference to temporary
designations to fill vacancies in case of
death, sickness or the absence of the heads
of department, was passed. The fortifi
cation bill was discussed and an amend
ment reducing the appropriation of $1,000,
0U0 to $H00,O(X for the purchase of oil
tempered aud annealed steel for high
power coast defence guns, wat agreed to.
Other amendments were offered but no
action taken. House amendment to sen
ate bill for a public building at St. PauL
Minn., reducing the amount from f 1,500, -000
to fSOO.OOO, was concurred in. Tue
military academy appropriation bill was
reported, and the senate after a brief ex
ecutive session adjourned.
The houe, after passing a number of
bills of minor importance, went iuto com'
inittee of the whole on the diplomatic
and consular appropriation bill. The
entire time was occupied in general de
bate, and without disposing of the bill the
Artist MeiitAonier's 1'uneral.
PaHIS, Feb. 4. The funeral aer ices for
the famous painter Meissouier were held
yesterdHy in the Madeleine, which was
densely thronged. The assemblage in
eluded all the leaders of French art aud
letters. A military cxrtegs escorted the
remains to Pi-issy where the interment
took place. The proeesion to the railway
station was an imposing one, aud crowds
of people lined the streets along the route.
ADRIFT ON THE ICE.
A Night of Horror on Sagiuaw
FISHERMEN IN DIKE PERIL.
At the MfKy of th FreeBing Gal ea
Floe The Story or rarty of f ifteen
Wtifch Cot Safely to Shore I'neertaia
ty ai to the Fate of Other A FoMibil
ttyot' Heavy Ixtaa of Life inscription
of Winter Fishing.
Bat CITS', Mich., Feb. 4. Fearful waa
the suffering of 300 fishermen cast adrift
Monday on an ice floe in Lake Michigan.
The heavy gale from the west loosened
the great sheet of ice in the bay, and be
fore the hundreds of fiehermen, who were
busily plying their occupation upon it,
were aware a vast expanse of fiercely roll
ing water separated them from the shore.
The we it her was intensely cold and the
wind, v-hich at times reached the violence
of a hurricane, cut the face like a wh.p
and chilled the blood in the veins. The
men who were on the moving raft of ice
seemed doomed to certain death. Few
could endure tbe fearful coli of the night.
and th' floating field forced onward by
the beating wind could not long with
stand the growing might of the heavy
Efforts at Uecue.
When the cry was raised that the ice
had parted from the shore and had carried
its freight of hardy lives out into the
stormy lake, the greatest fear was ex
cited, a:id it was thought that few, if anv,
of the castaways would ever be seen again.
At once e.Tor;s were made to locate the
men or. their unsafe craft, but from no
point ould it be seen. A great sea of
stormy water stretched out ward, and the
hope t hid the men could be rescued grew
f.tinter. Relief parties went along the
shore and preparations were made to send
out tups, though the peril of facing the
rising viaves was enough to aopaii the
1'ishing Through the Ice.
Saginaw bay is great fishing ground
in the winter. As won as the ice t has be
come strong enongh hundreds of men
build li- tie shanties just l;i-ge enough
for two, and which they cover with tarred
paper to keep out the cold and take to the
fishing grounds with hand-sleds. Here
they usually remain until tbe ice becon.es
unsafe in the spring. Their method of
catching fish is interesting. Their shan
ties have no windows., but are placed over
a hole cut in Hie ice. Through this bid- a
decoy risii is sank, and the. patient fis er
man sits in his seat, s; ear ia baud, wait
ing for the finny trite to be attracted by
A ""lere the laner t omes In.
It is seldom that the fisherman mi-ses his
prey. T ie greatest danger is in the possi
bility of .in ice floe on which the men are
sitnated being broken up by the winter
storms end carrying the men and their
shanties nut into the open waters of the
bay or lake, often never to return. Sev
eral cases in which lives have been lost
and wheie others have gone through in
tense su;Ter:ng have been known, and
many ha. 'e learned by experience that it
pays to lie ever on the lookout for this
danger. Consequently the city was full
of horror Monday when it became known
that the ice had broken up on the bay, and
the lo-s of many lives was ft-ared.
The Itreakins of the Ire.
This winter a majority of the fishermen
erected their shar ties on the east shore of
ttje bay an a point about fi:teen miiesfrom
the city. Tie village had reached consid
erable projHrtions, numbering owr a hun
dred houes, v, it n a populntjon of pearly
twice tb;i- numtier. At C.iv.OJon Jay iiicht,
the wind Liowing a gale, s;.ys Mr. Bur
nette, who arrived here yesterday and
gave an account of the occurrence, a ttn
tie movement of tbe ice was ni-tifv.l, ;:nda
nuiulx-r of the older and more tr.erie!,c- d
mm abax.doned their shanties end stared
for t i;e -i ire. The ice soon brohe up ir.'o
biiire fi"e-. pnu thes? with th-ir livn-g
freight were seiit rapldy out to s.-ii. J or
three loaj. hours Mr. Burnett? and four
teen comj anions and a horse were driven
about oa a fl'-e of ice entirely at the mercy
of the wind.
The line Begins Ilrraking.
They then stopped for half au hour,
during witch time the wind changed to
the we-t, ,-irid they began to move toward
the st. or? 1'y this time tbe wiml was
blowing a p.-riect liurricnnt. Tliefloeon
which tbe little party was located struck
another o :o aud begus, breaking, the ice
piling up and in places reaching a lieight
of twenty to thirty feet. Tue men were
all crowded into one large shanty, the
only oue leit standing on toe ice, where
they rema ned until morning.
li.'K-h-d Shore in sf-tj.
They tin n started for shore, which ap
peared t-o lie five or six miles uistant
They had u'oue about two miles when the
horse, whi h was ahead. br ka through
the ice and was extricated with d:Hi u.ty.
Fearing that the ice in ti.e uirettiou in
which they were traveling w.ih unsafe
they staritd in the direction of lit; ctvek,
where thej at last reached solid ice and
where they found about forty shant.es
which hdd been hn-ated closer to the si ore
and escnpe i the general destruction of tbe
Will Never Forget That N'ight.
Anumlarof narrow escapes were re
corded, but. Mr. Biirnetle thought that all
of the inhabitants of the village bad suc
ceeded in reaching the shore. If there
were any bo did not escape they were iso
lated from the main village. The horrors
of the nig.it will never be forgotten by
the little bind that cluug together on a
frail cake t f ice so far from shore, and no
inducement could be offr-red that would
tempt theia to a-ain uu .ergo the perils of
that a wiul voyage.
Fears lor Isolated Men.
There are grave fears lor the men in the
shanties w-oia'.ed from the village, many
of which wre strung alomr both shores of
the bay. I . is thought some of theae men
must have been lost, nud t,e n.imier is
estimated tt l'rom twenty to hity. I, they
are on the floating ic- they niny dritt
about in th bay for d iys v. it! out reach
ing land, but even if the ice tiWs vhU h
they are n do not breali up they cn
scarcely survive more than a few days.
A Kesti't of the Spanish 1 .!! in.
Loxixi.v, Feb. 4. One efijet of the
Spanish ehctions will lie to silence the
free trade party, whih has las.-u protest
ing against, the incre.w of t lie tari.T by
tue existing ministry, whose course is
now confirmed by a large majority of the
Michael Kyraud, the mur ierc-rof No
tary Gouffe, wa- guilloti jed a- Paris at
7:20 o clock Tuesday morning
We have jnst
J5VVe invito everybody
t Pocket Cutlery,
We have Table Cutlerv.
(. Kitchen Cutlerv
Many useful articles for tbe
Full line of mechanics' tool-
For years we have made a
Tbst Cures CATARRH, HAY.fTVER, COLD i.i
tH8 HEAD, SC?,E THROAT. CAhiCER,
Ftlc 9U00. lint EotUes.
For Sale by leading Druggists.
rnatjixv otu et
Klir.ck Catarrh & Bronchial Rs.t.Cc
62 JACKSON ST.. CHICAGO. ILL.
THIS PAPEK toli J?
Krv&psj-ca AxrTETtwo Britsuc C.i K -ra .
7 REMEMBER FHFT
J S THE NAME OF THAT
t ireet), tiers aOTer
I naf contracts ny
I i B.Xi ioc It IA
ivcived tbe first shipment of
FOR THE EAlthY-
Spring season of
to call an3 examine th?:.
The Pioneer Clothier and Hatter,
:i5 and 117 West Second Street, DAYtNPORT, IA.
in all si;
Snow Shovels for Snow.
Coal Shovels for Coal.
Dirt Shovels for Politicians.
h--as- that ar- suitable for Xmas present.
and builders' hardware.
CARSE & CO.S',
w esLxr w 11.
spkcialtt of skllino the best Shoes made at Lowest possible
prices. A trial will convioce you.
1622 Second Avenue-
JVC. E. iVtURHIN,
Choice Family Groceries
Gr. Ttird Tenue and TtLtj-flri. St . Ro:k
A arst'-isssUKli of Orocr.t.sl wiUbso!4 ftl loMt trice pr. A Vb;
; Lron4 solicited.
Vunrartircrof Ii kUnUcf
BOOTS AND SHOES
r Genu Pine !HwMi:n'.f. Rpsijliif cost ftcst'7 widproaipiiT.
A shore of jam puooss rrtpctf Uy soiic'Ud.
our new stock of
i Fetber Dusters, 1 .
hve Carptt Sweeper,. ( Jou need
1823 Second avenue,
1018 Second ATrnuc. Rok IaUbJ. III.