Newspaper Page Text
ru Wished Dally nd Weekly at ISM Second A. ve
nae. Rock Inland, IR,
J. W. Potter - 7. Publisher.
Taaiia-DaUy, 60c per month; Weekly. S3 00
All coramnniratlone of a critical or arnmenta
te character, political or religion, nan hare
real nam tjchl for publication N0 aach arti
tlclea will be printed orer fictitious atenatnreg
Anonvmon communication not noticed
Correspondence solicited from erery townetiD
n Rock Uland county.
Tfksdh. February 10. 'lSfil.
Bangor, Me., seems disposed to take
tie lead in introducing fad?. At a com
ing ball in that city the prompter will be
suspended frcm the renter of the ceiling
in a t aske.
Doctor Koch's lymph is probably a
ere raluahle medicine but like most
other valuable medicines, it is most likely
to kill you when you are least lively to
get well without it
Kansas City annexed about 12,000 in
habitus before the census, but is to-day
out just that number of inhabitants. The
ordinance annexing the outlying territory
has been declared illegal.
Governor Abbett says that the value
of land per acre is groater in New Jersey
than in any other state in the union
There is not a farm in the state more
than ninety mi!es from either New York
or Philadelphia, and very little iand more
than six miles frim a shipping p.ict.
Formerly the great arctic or snowy
owl was rarely found m ccntial or north
ern New York, but during the present
winter tbe species has been numerously
repr.'.'n!rd and numbers have been killed
This is thought to be due to the fact that
rabbit., on which the birds feed, have
been uncommonly plenty this season and
lave attracted them.
St. Louis Republic: After the demo
crats of Illinois have made a nomination
for United States senator and have sub
mitted it to tie peop'e, its approval at the
polls biaJs them to support it to the ten
thousandth billot in the legislature if
Becessary. To abandon it would be to
repudiate the principal and to deny the
right of popular choice.
Mr. Windoh, like General Grant and
Secretary Manning, was a great smoker
(t cigars, End his excessive use of tobacco
is supposed to have aggravated his heart
trouble. He was disinclined to take any
Physical exercise and disliked walking.
Even in going the short diet nce from the
treasury building to the white house Le
was accustomed to take a carriage.
Under the new apportionment the
number of presidential electors will be
444; necessary to a choice, 223. Oa the
basis of the vote of 1333 the republicans
would have 270 and the democrats 174
electoral votps. On the same basis, re
marks the Chicago Herald, and regardine
New York and Indiana as now safely
democratic, the vote in the electoral col
lege would stand 225 democrats and 219
republicans. On the basis cf the vote of
1390 the democratic majority would be
The new departure in form adopted by
the Daily Continent (formerly the Star) ,
ff New York, under the proprietorship
cf Frank Mrnsey. seems to meet with
popular approval. It is a five-column,
sixteen page sheet, ably edited and rilled
with bright and newsy matter. The
columns are narrower, and about half as
long. Mr. Munsey has deviated consid
erably from the prevailing custom
adopted by metropolitan journals in his
make-up of the Continent, and it is to be
hoped that he will at least not regret his
action if it does not prove a brilliant suc
cess. Caue of Talleyrand's l.aim-iienA.
The caue of Tdleyrand's larin'ne.ss has
long been a matter of dispute. During the
fifty-two years which haveelapsed since his
death bin deformity Las Ihjl-u accounted
lor in all maimer of ways.
Some Nto:-i's have it Mint the defect was
congenital; others that it was occasioned
by an accident which befell him iu his in
fancy. The most curious explanation of
all w that offered by a writer in The Quar
terly Ileview. "To quote the very words
of our informant, an eminently distin
guished diplomat," says the writer, "Tal
leyrand's Vienna colleague. Baron TVessen
foerg, told me years ago that his lameness
was owing to carelessness of his nurse, who
laid him down in a field while she flirted
with her sweetheart, and ou coming back
to ber charge found some pigs dining on
the infant's legs. I am sure that W'essen
berg told me this as an established fact,
and I am all but sure that his authority
was Talleyrand himself."
A Very Delicate Ileat Discovery.
The new bolometer has been put to splen
did use by Professor Langley, who with ite
aid has measured the heat radiation of the
light of the glow worm. He states that
the light given by this highly scientific in
sect is accompanied by less than one-four
hundredth part of the heat given by an
equal amount of gaslight. This means
that the light of the glow worm is four
hundred times more economical of energy
than gaslight, and also vastly more eco
nomical than the'electric light. New York
Mexicau children are very seldom rude
r saucy. They are taught to be polite un
der all circumstances, and to all people.
Some parents would rather have their boy
be almost anything else than a grosero or
rude person. For this reason one hears
little quarreling or rough talk among chil
dren playing, and sees hardly any fighting
or bullying of little boys by larger ones.
TAXES FOR THE POOREST
MR. THOMAS G. SHEARMAN DISCUSSES
"THE COMING BILLIONAIRE."
Startling Fi-ure, on Wealth and Taxa
tionHow Tariff Taxation Puts Money
Into the Pocket of the Rich The Poor
Are Robbed to Make the Billionaire.
The growth of wealth in the bands of
a few rich men in the United States has,
within the px?t twenty-five years, re
sulted in producing fortunes of unheard
of proportions. The fabulous wealth of
Croesus which was the marvel of the
old Greeks, was nothing in comparison
with the vast fortunes of our Astors,
Goulds and Vanderbilts.
It is not surprising then that we are
asking ourselves: How rich will our rich
men become? Shall we not at some time
have a triHionaire, and astonish ourselves
and all the world besides?
In the January number of The Forum
magazine Thomas G. Shearman, the emi
nent writer on social and economic ques
tions, has a remarkable discussion on this
subject entitled -The Coming Billion
aire." When Mr. Shearman claimed in
the same magazine more than a year ago
that ha'f of the wealth of the country is
owned by 40,000 families, and that three
fourths of it is owned by fewer than 250,
000 families, his statements were disputed
by many. There was much controversy at
the time over a list of some seventy rich
men given by Mr. Shearman as worth
from ?.?0,OiX,000 to $1.j0.O00.CO0 each.
It was claimed by many that the fig
ures were exaggerated, but in the Janu
ary Forum Mr. Shearman contends that
the list was in the main correct.
In discussing "the coming billionaire"
Mr. Shearman treats of the creation of
wvalth a.s influenced by our present sys
tem of indirect taxation, and by indi
rect taxation lie des not mean the tariff
tax exclusively, but includes taxes upon
banks, bonds, merchandise, lands, capi
tal in manufactures, railroads, etc., in
all of which the tax is shifted back to
the actual user or consumer. This trans
ferring of taxes brings it to pass that our
tax system nut only discriminates in
favor of the holders of large capital, but
it actually puts money into their packets;
that the poorer people not simply pay
more than thfir due share of taxes to
the government, but they pay in addition
a tax to the rich which much more than
makes up for the taxes which the rich
How this result is brought about Mr.
Shearman seeks to show by a series of
tables. The total wealth of the country
he estimates at about f82.000,000.000, or
nearly $1,000 per head of the population.
The division of this wealth is as follows:
Totals 1VKK.O0O $.i2,'2,0o0,Wt
The production of wealth in 1S90 is put
at $13,000,000. After allowing 4 rr cent,
of this for repairs anil replacements the
net income is divided as follows:
Families. Average Income. Total Inrfm
J.'oo Ss.o.'O Si.riou.oiw.otio
lHOrt) 1.51VMXO 000
11,620,000 wo 6.650.000,000
These figures become all the more
striking when the matter of saving
money is considered. If there were no
taxes the ric-h could easily save two
thirds of their incomes, while the other
classes could scarcely save one-fifth of
theirs. But taxes, especially the tariff
taxes, are levied upon the expenses of
the people, and thus tear much more
heavily upon the piorer classes than upon
the rich touching four-fifths of the in
come of the average poor tiau and only
one-third of that f the rich man. All
forms of indirect taxes thus levied upon
expenses are supposed by ilr. Shearman
to be about 15 per cent. This would
therefore tako from the two poorer
classes ftWO.000,000 a year, and from the
rich only $-25.000,0(W. But these two
6ums represent taxes which go to the
government and those which go to indi
viduals. Mr. Shearman estimates thit
one-third of the taxes paid by both classes
go to a small section of the richer class.
This would give the following as List
year'ssavinirof the rich and other classes:
SAVINGS OF THE RICH.
Natural saving SVW.000.000
Deduct taxes, etc $25,000,000
Adil profile Uon tax
system ,W0.iW 175,ooo.a
SAVINGS OF OTHEtt CLASSES. ,
Natural savings $: i0.fr w.000
Deduct taxes WiO.OuO.OOO
Net savings G40,OUO,000
The yearly gam to the rich over and
above other classes is sufficient to yield
in thirty years, if placed at 5 per cent,
compound interest, an amount equal to
ihc entire present wealth of the country.
But if a system of taxation were intro
duced, according to which the people
would have to" pay taxes on their pos
pessions rather than on their exrteuses,
the result would be far different. Mr.
Shearman estimates that such a system
would require about 1 1-5 jer cent, on
all property at its full value. Such a
tax would be paid as follows:
ISO.OOO rich would pay $5Si,ono.ooo
12,!0,000 others would iay 823,u0 ',000
It is Mr. Shearman's opinion that the
substitution of a system of direct taxa
tion would be worth !jr50,000,000 a year
permanently to the middle and working
classes. An individual case is used to
illustrate the workings of the two sys
tems. At present the owner of $10,000,
000 need not pay more than $15,000 a
year in indirect taxes; while, if he is the
protected owner of mines and factories,
he often makes a round $100,000 out of
tariff taxation. Under direct taxation
this millionaire would pay $125,000 a
year in taxes, and he could collect noth
ing from other men's pockets.
What, then, are the prospects for the
coming of the billionaire? Mr. bnear
nian claims that if the billionaire comes
he will not be the product of any natu
ral law, but simply the product of indi
rect taxation the system which taxes
the many for the benefit of the few. If
this Bystem continues the billionaire
might reasonably be expected in torty
Tears, and several billionaires in sixty
years. The present system, under which
landlords and 1 arge capitalists as a class
pay nothing in taxes, will assuredly pro
duce the billio naire if continued.
But will it ba continued? Mr. Shear
man thinks it vill not. The abolition of
the sugar tax a nd the enormous increase
of the permanent expenditures of the
government by the Republicans at the
last session of congress have brought us
face to face with a deficit of $50,000,000,
and no party will hereafter venture to
reimpoee the sugar tax. The people will
learn through cheapened sugar, aa never
before, that tlw tariff is a tax, and they
will not tolerite the sugar tax again.
But in teachiig the people this lesson
the Republicans have unwillingly taught
them an invaluable lemon in the nature
of a protective tariff itself. In this way
free sugar will not only not save the pro
tective system, as was intended by the
McKinleyites, but it will help to under
mine and ruin that system. Blaine's
reciprocity, to, will teach the former
the value of the foreign market and the
desirability of enlarging that market be
yond the two Americas. The last elec
tion doomed tt e wool tax. and the wool
growers have long threatened that free
wool will mean free woolen poods.
As protective tariffs are abolished di
rect taxes will have to be levied in order
to raise revenues for the government,
and as protection passes away the reign
of the extortioner wiil cease. The rich
will then bear thi-ir du? portion of the
public burden. When this has been
brought a'fciut the 'oillim iire will not
come, for the system will !- dea l.
Uigli Iuti,' oti !! Iliil, l , yt Tre
vciil I.iM-lttvit aiil :rike.
Th'J country b:i u- v -r -n t time,
perhaps, v'ii:i fh.-r.-- was an ahun-
danee of evidt-tce t. ;-how that protection
cannot guarant -e ".-tea ly work and high
wages." That high tariff organ. The
Boston CV:imv rcial Bulletin, furnishes
the following two ite.n-, placing them
The rolling mill a:i l pipe works at
Scotttlale. Pa., have been closed down
indefinitely, ;is have been also the Char
lotte furnace said coke works. About
10,000 men are out of employment in
Scottdale alone. Tiie Frick company has
also shut down nearly 1.200 oveus.
The officials of the Illinois Steel com
pany give the fallowing reasons why the
rolling mills at South Chicago, Ills., have
been shut down. They say: "We are try
ing to settle a so lie of wages with the men
for the couiin ; year, and want time to
adjust it. We have been negotiating
with the men for ten or fifteen days in
regard to the wages, and I can't tell how
lonaj it will 1; before we arrange the
entire scale. We will b? obliged to make
some reduction in wages, as the mills in
the east have done so. j.nd we want to
meet the difference." The Illinois com
pany's mill hi.ve generally been shut
down at this se.ison for repairs.
This statement that the wages of steel
rail workers ha ve been reduced is of in
terest in view c f the facts brought out in
the senate debate on the steel rail tariff
last summer. A dispute having arisen
as to the difference between the labor
cost of making steel rails in America and
in Enroje, an i lqniry on the subject was
sent to Carroll D. Wright, United States
labor commissioner. He reported that
the labor cost in one ton of rails in Europe
is $11.32 and in America $11.59, a differ
ence of twenty-seven cents. In his let
ter to Senator Carlisle, moreover, Mr.
Wright inade the following strikins
"You will pardon me if I call your at
tention to one analytical feature which
should be observed in the use of the
analysis iiereuith forwarded. Labor
coht in urie ton of steel rails I mean af
ter all the materials have I een assembled
in the steel rail works and are ready to
be subjected to the pmpe r manipulations
for the production of standard steel rails
should be less per ton relatively in this
country than in Great Britain or on the
continent, because American producers
of standard steel rails dispense with at
least one expensive process still adhered
to by the foreign producer; and further
more, our mat rials, ore. etc., are purer
tlian those used in most other places; so
the quantity of re, for instance, required
for the product on of a ton of standard
steel rails is les-i in this country than in
other places, an d of course the labor re
quired to produce one ton of steel rails
is, so far as the purer materials are con
cerned, less hr than abroad."
To cover thi difference of twenty
seven cents a ton the two houses of our
high protective congress put a duty of
$13.44 a ton on steel rails. The price of
rails is now $24 a ton in England and $28
in the United States. The American
railmakers are now consolidated into
ouly six or ei;ht establishments, and
they have a practical monopoly of the
The shutdown of the Chicag j concern
is not the only evidence that the steel
railmakers are not getting all that high
protection promised. The great steel
mil king of this country is Andrew Car
negie. The following interesting news
item has recently been printed: "Five
hundred employes in Carnegie's steel
works at Bradfc rd, Pa., have struck for
the advance in wages which was prom
ised before the i'cKiuley bill was passed,
but luis since been indefinitely poet
Ioned." Here is uuoth r from a Philadelphia
The Edgar Thomson Stwl works of
Carnegie Brothers & Co. (limited) have
again broken tlieir phenomenal record
at rail making. An output of 1,441 gross
tons of rails in t wenty-four hours is now
the record, the best previous perform
ance having lu 1.417 tons. The best
day's work by amy other mill is said to
be 1,312 tons.
The dirTerenco between the price in
England and America, as above given,
is $4 a ton, which would be $5,7tr4 on
Carnegie"s one tlay'b output. To insure
Carnegie against the comietition of the
cheaper English rails the AlcKinleyitea
imposed a tariff of $13.44 a ton, which,
on Camegie"s 1 441 tons, would amount
to a taritf protection of $19.S0C.U4.
How beautiful a thing it is for brethren
.to dwell together in unity and tax them
selves to make taillionairesl
Puck could put a girdle round about the
world in forty minutes, but he wm slow
compared with the niont ordinary dream.
We survey maukiud iu China aud Peru at
the same iutant of time, And in the course
of one revolving moon we may walk with
Plato iu the groves of Academe, applaud
Luther at the diet of Worm, s-t out for
holy Palestine with CRur-de-Lion, assist
Noah iu buiiiiiiiK the ark, and call on the
mountains t cover us at the day of judg
ment. Many stones are told showing the differ
ent count of time. Lord Brougham relates
that hedreamed a dream of lonj continued
action during a short doze while a droniug
counsel whs pleadii-.jj liefore hi:u. Lord
Huiittml fell aslftp while listeniii to tome
one reading, dreamed a loni dream, and
awoke in time to hear the conclusion of a
sentewe ti.e first words of which were iu
hiti ears when he Ucitne unconscious. Dr.
Abercrombie relates that a trentlemau
dreamed that he had enlisted for a soldier,
joined his reyimeut, deserted, had been ap
prehended, carried back, tried, condemned
to be shot, aud at last led out for execu
tion. After all the usual preparations he
awoke with the report, and found that a
noise in an adjoining room had both pro
duced the dre:ui aud awakened him.
Another dreamed that he had crossed the
Atlantic and spent a fortnight iu America.
In embarking, ou his return, he fell into
the sea, and, having woke with the friKht,
he found that he hnd not been asleep ten
minutes All the Year Bound.
'Is CommmptoB Inenrable.
Read the following: Mr. C. II. Mor
ris, Newark, Ark., says: "Was down
with Abscess of Lungs, and friends and
physicians pronounced me an Incurable
Consumptive. Began taking Dr. King's
New Discovery for Consumption, sm
now on my third bottle, and able to over
see the work on my farm. It is the finest
medicine ever made."
Jesse Middleware Decatur, Ohio, says
"Had it not been for Dr. King's New
Discovery for Consumption I would have
died of lung troubles. Va9 given up by
doctors. Am now in best of health."
Try it. Sample bottles free at Haru &
Btthasen's drug store.
This remedy is becoming so well known
and eo popular as to need no special men
tion. All who have used Electric Bitters
sing the same song of praise. A purer
medicine does not exist and it is guaran
teed to do all that is claimed. Electric
Bitters will cure all diseases f the liver
and kidneys, will remove pimples, boils,
salt iheum and other affections caused by
impure blood. Will drive Malaria from
the system and prevent as well as cure
all Slalarial fevers. For cure of head
ache, constipation and indigestion try
Electric Bitters Entire satisfaction guar
anteed, or money refunded. Price 50
cents and $1.00 per bottle at LlarU &
Bahnsen's drug store.
ECCXXKS'S ARNICA SAL VI.
The best salve in the world for cats,
bruises, sores, ulcers, salt rheum, fever
sores, tetter, chapped hands, chilblains,
corns and all skin eruptions, and posi
tiveiy cures piles, or no pay required. It
is guaranteed to give perfect satisfaction
or money refunded. Price 25 cents per
bcx. For sale bv Earta & Batasen.
Senator-Elect Peffer, of Kansas, be
litves in women suffrace and prchitiition.
How lonely he will be in the United
Allow me to add my tribute to the ef
ficacy (f Ej's Cream Balm . I was suf
fering from a severe attack of itfl .enxi
and catarrh and was induced to try your
remedy. The result was marvelous. I
could hardly articulate, and in less than
twenty-four hours the catarrhal symp
toms and my hoarseness disappeared and
I was able to sicg a heivy role in grand
opera with voice unimpaired. I stroisly
recommend it to all singers. Wm. H.
Hamilton, leading bas?o of the C. D. Hess
grand opera company.
John L Sullivan icdignactly denies
that he is drunk Bgain. It must be the
same old drunk, then.
ADVICE TO K0THKK8.
Are you disturbed at night and broken
of yocr rest by a 6ick child suffering and
crying with pain of cutting teeth? If so,
Fend at once and get a bottle of Mm.
Winslow's Soothirg Syrup for children
teething. Its value is incalculable. It
will relieve tbe poor little sufferer imme
diately. Depend upon it mothers, there
is co mistake about it. It cures dysen
tery, diarrhoea, regulates the stomach
and bowels, cures wind colic, softens the
gums, reduces inflammation and gives
tone and energy to the whole system.
3rs. Winslow's Soothing Syrup for
Children Teething is rleasant to the
taste, and is the prescription of one of
the oldest and best female nurses and
physicians iu the United States, and is
or sale by all drug gists throughout tha
world. Price 25 cents a bottle, j
The tired street-car horse best knows
"the luxury of whoa."
Da Ton Cocgk!
Don't delay. Take Kemp's Balaam, the
best cough cure. It will cure your
coughs and colds. It will cure pains in
the cbeet. It will cure influenza and
bronchitis and fall diseases pertaining to
me iungB Because n is a pure balsam.
Hold it to tbe light and see how clear and
thick it is. You will see tbe excellent
effect after taking the first dose. Large
bottles 50s and $ 1 .
The length of the ballet girl's dress is
considerably over two feet.
A Heal Baluin is Kmp's Btutm.
The dictionery says, "a balsam is a
thick, pure, aromatic substance flowing
from trees." Kemp's Balaam for tbe
throat and lungs is the only cough medi
cine that is a real balsam. Maiy thin,
watery cough remedies are called balsam's
but such are not. Look through a bottle
of Kemp's Balsam and notice what a pare,
thick preparation it is. If you cough
use Kemp's Balsam. At all druggists'.
Large bottles 50can1Sl.
There is no danger of a cold resulting
in pneumonia when Chamberlain's Cough
remedy is used as directed "for a severe
cold." It effectually counteracts and
arrests any tendency of a cold to result
in pneumonia. This fact was fully prov
en in thousands of cases during the epU
demic of influenaa last wiate -. For sale
by Htrtz & Bahnsea.
Great Clearing Sale
February 2d to
Will e'e ent lirre lice of Bed Room ind Tar or Set t cost, i'. grtt Tartar uf ) 11
Chiirt wijt be colli cheap.
I2!FDo not miss this opportunity.
W. S. HOLBROOK,
No. 103, 10o and 107 East Second St.,
H. SIEMON & SON,
toves and yinware,
IPTTIMIIFS, INA.IXjS, &0,
Baxter Banner Cooking and Heating Stoves and the Genes eo Cooking Stoves.
Tin, Copper and Sheet Iron Work.
1508 SECOND AVE., ROCK ISLAND, ILL.
J. B. ZIMMER,
THE WELL KXOWN
Star Block, Opposite Harper House.
hi rr.ivhs.eJ for the
Spring and Summer of 1891,
A lr,:trr.l izrr thn evr. Tbee , wl wi:i -rive in few dr. Wt:t and tee thria.
PRACTICAL HOLIDAY GOODS.
Believing that everyone, deem it- necessary to remember
their friends with a useful Christmas gift, we have selected the
neatest and largest line of LADIES' and GENT'S
Ooze. Swede Kid, Russian Calf and Plush
In all the modern stjlea and shades.
Seond and Harmon Su
ST. JAMES HOTEL,
Corner Twen'.j -third trcct nd Fourth Tenn.
J. T. RYAN, Proprietor.
This hone ha ju.t born refltted thronghout and i. now io A Xo 1 coa.t.uon. It U a r.;-c'.a.f
1.00 per dij houfe and a desirable family hotel.
J . GHBISTY,
Steam Cracker Bakery,
KAKUFACTUZK 0T CKACKXB8 ASD BISCTITS.
Ask jour Grocer for them. They are best.
WSpeclaltiatrThe Ckricty "OTiTW sad the ChrUty "WATl."
ROCK ISLAND. ILL.
SEIVERS & ANDERSON,
Contractors and: Builders,
ALL KINDS OF OARPKXTIR WORK DONS.
tV General Jobbing done oa short notice and all fact 'oa faraaled.
Office and Shop 1412 Fourth Arenue. ROCK ISLAND ILL.
A "RTj a httpt at.t.
Manufacturer of all kinds of
BOOTS AND SHOES
Gcnta' Fine Sboee aapeclaity. Repairing none atatly and promptly.
A ahare of your patronage reepectfauy eolletted.
1818 Second Avenue. Roek Island. IlL
CONTRACTOR AND BUILDER,
8hop corner Tweaty-eeooad street aad Ninth areaae. Bcaideac net
fWi prepared to stake eaUaati aod do all kind of Carper work. Cire aba a trial.
STABY, BERGER & SHELL,
KOCI ISLAND, ILL.