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TB AKGUfc. TUESDAY, MARCH, 3, lb91.
Pnblltaed Daily bb1 Meetly m 10M Second Av
nae. Rock laland. 111.
J. w. Potter.
Tkm -Dully. 60c per month; eekly. S.0u
All communication of a critical or argnmenta
t.v, character, political or reliirioua. tunn nave
real nain attached for publication So each arti
tides will he printed over fictitious signatures -Anonymous
comraunieatiootinot not ced.
Correspondence solicited Iron every townabii
In Kock Inland county.
Tuk8d t, March 3, 1881.
WANT A TEA TAX.
THE WiLK IN THE COCOANUT IS
Importer At tioos for a Doty on Tea from
London-r,y Do "4 XTmat m Break in
Pricos .1 Case of Fntak Protectionist
Greed The t'onan mer 'a In tereat I fitored.
A cheeky protectionist trick is the
present attempt to have congress re
establish the old lw, which was abol
ished in lSi, imposing a discriminating
duty of 10 per cent, on tea shipped from
places west of the Cape of G-jod Hope.
The provision of the old law was as
follows: "There shall be levied, collected
and paid on all goods, wares and mer
chandine of the growth or produce of the
countries east of the Cupe of Good Hope,
except wool, raw cotton and raw silk,
as reeled from the cocoon, or not further
advanced than tram, thrown ororganzie,
when imported from places west of the
. Cape of Good Hope, a doty of 10 per
cent, ad valorem in addition to the duties
iuiIoed on any such article .when im
ported directly from the place or places
of their growth or production.'
"Places west of the Cape of Good
Hope" id only a concealed way of saying
London and Liverpool. This fact is
shown by Bradstreet's as follows:
"The imports of tea into the United
States in 1SS9 amounted to 79,575,9S4
pounds, of which 40.751 ,789 pounds came
from China and 33.303,437 pounds from
Japan, 200.927 pounds from the British
East Indies and 203,825 pounds from
Hong Kong. This leaves but 5,055,006
pounds from ports other than the places
of production, and of this quantity Eng
land furnished 4,673.864 pounds. The
remaining 3."2.142 pounds is the only
evidence which can be furnished that
the law would have a general meaning
and not a specific one."
An attempt to secure the passage of
the law in question was made in con
gress l:is.t year, but it failed, nud the
barkers of t tt measure tire ajrain trvii'g
to get their jiet rciu-rue passed'.
The hackers of the measure are a few
importers of tea. Tt may seem old that
imimrters should besi-ge congress to de
mand the imposition of duties; they are
usually represented by Republican pa
pers and stump orat.-rs as the men who
want duties removed and as being the
deadly euemii-s of the protection systtm.
Why should these men want duties ou
tea shipped from England? Thereby
hangs a little tale of the nsual tariif
6tr;ie a tale of private greed.
The following from Bradstreet's will
fhow that the tea importers know what
"The stock of tea in this country is at
present very heavy, and prices are in
consequence lower here than in England.
Hence Loudon merchants are now buy
ing tea in New York. The promoters of
the new legislative agitation hoe by
ineniis of i;. t. buoy np prices and pre
vent a further dec-line. But many deal
ers have leen free to predict that no
such legislation will lie passed by the
present congress. It is claimed by the
advocates of the measure that under free
entry Loudon merchants are able to
place h.-re ! ir-e quantities of tea when
ever the market shows a tendency to ad
vance." In oih-r words, the whole thing is, as
The NVw York Merr-lwiuts' Review sa'-s,
Nothing but Hsrheme io a Ivance prices
when conditions are favonitdi:." Thy
New Engl:irid Grocer is eipiallv pro
nounced in if opposition to the measure.
It i.i simply an effort of a f.-w con
cerns to dictate tiU,0tl'J.iri:' of jK-ople
whr" they shall buy their teas, ii ques
tion of proteruon being involved. Th
whole tiled of Mich u law would he t
advance teas vhi-'i would be controlled
by a few large concerns, vhiL the small
er dealer, vl.o can only purchase small
lots, would have to pay higher prices, be
cause h" would be cut off from purchas
ing in lots to suit his convenience from
English markc , as he can do now. Such
a law will be an oppression to every re
tail grocer and every consumer of tea in
the United States of America."
There is ono thing about these men
who ask for a duty on tea coining by
way of London which is altogether
tmique. They Bay frankly that they
want this duty in order to make prices
higher. There is no cant about domestic
competition reducing prices to the Amer
ican oiiMiiu;r and making them
"lower than under free trade." Thty
do not pretend to have the interests of
the dear consumer and of the still dearer
"high priced American labor" at heart.
They want no tea to come here from
London "whenever the market shows a
tendency to advance."'
Let the aforesaid dear consumer keep
an eye on these men. Tbey have a plan
in mind which means higher prices for
tea whenever it is possible to get higher
prices, 'fne importers do not go to
Waalsington to ask for legislation which
will make prices lower, or which will
leave them where they were. They are
no more given to this kind of thing than
our manufacturers are.
The nearest relative living of the poet
Shakespeare Is probably Thomas Hart, ft
resident of Ans-.ralia, who is eighth in de
scent from Shakespeare's sister Joan. Ic
Is a curious fact that there are no direct
descendants of Napoleon, Wellington,
Washington or Walter Scott.
Where soft or hard coal is burned in an
open grate a dampened newspaper pinned
over the front makes a serviceable blower;
but never use a dry paper.
PRESS AND PLATFORM.
FACTS AND FANCIES FROM WRITERS.
PLANS FROM CAPTAINS.
Henry D. Lloyd's New Chapter on Spring
Valley The Author of "Metzerotfa"
New Book The Would Be Regenera
tors Are All at Sea.
A second edition of "A Strike of Mill
ionaires Against Miners," by Henry D.
Lloyd, is just out This scorching
"Open Letter to the Millionaires" has
been revised and enlarged, and an added
chapter entitled "Revenge, Not Reply,"
brings the story of the Spring Valley
tragedy down to the beginning of the
present year. When the accounts of the
outrages perpetrated upon the miners of
Spring Valley were given to the public
through Mr. Lloyd's articles in The Chi
cago Herald, and afterward in his book,
many of the leading journals of the
country called for the millionaires' side,
but William L. Scott, president, and his
business associates in the Spring Valley
Coal company have maintained "a dig
nified silence" on the subject By ignor
ing the charges made by Mr. Lloyd the
company has confessed their truth, and,
in the words of a leading New York pa
per, under date of July 1, 1890, "The
Spring Valley mine owners have leen
guilty of damnable treachery and cruelty
to their fellow men."
It will be remembered that the long
lockout at Spring Valley, during which
the miners and their families faced
starvation and other hardships, was
ended by a partial resumption of work
in the mines. An agreement was made
between the managers and men which
left to the latter little more than the
right to live. But that agreement, one
sided as it was, has been grossly vio
lated by the company. Men who were
prominent in the miners' union have
been victimized and blacklisted; others
were punished by refusal of work for
more than one-third of the time, and by
being compelled to dig where they could
not make $15 a month. In innumerable
ways the company's agents have abused
the men and violated the agreement, and
Spring Valley has become the synon;, m
for ail that is unjust, hard fisted and
"This," says Mr. Lloyd, "is the answer
of the millionaires their only answer,
either to the public or their employes.
Along the route they marked out from
the very first they roll their way. Those
over whom they drive have groaned
aloud, and because they groaned the
wheels are but made heavier and sharp
er. For "the right to make all we can.'
j-ou who made Spring Valley have done
these things. Incredible as it appears,
the events of the twelve months that
have elapsed since the 'settlement' with
the men seem to make it clear that the
protests of your men and the indigna
tion of the public have but moved you
to greater harshness. Bad as was what
had been done before the light was let
in on Spring Valley, that' which has
been done since has been still worse.
Evidently you consider that anything
you choose to call your business cannot
be the public's business. Royal families
sitting on thrones and swaying scepters
of kingly power do not think it beneath
them to write -I serve' on their crests,
but all of you appear to have taken up
the motto first adopted by the richest
among you 'The public be damned.' "
"A Web of Gold" is Katherine Pear
sou Woods' latest. It is also her least,
np to date. "Metzerott, Shoemaker,"
and "The Mark of the Beast" are the
others. In each of these books Miss
Woods has reared her structures of ro
mance upon economic ground, and has
chosen her heroes from among the work
ers. Hence her stories are classed under
the head of "Labor," which is now a
recognized department in the field of fic
tion. As a social Btudy, "A Web of
Gold" is below the standard; it is in
ferior to its author's other productions.
"Metzerott," while not a great work,
presents an interesting example in prac
tical co-operation which cannot fail to
make an impression upon thoughtful
readers, and in several of its characters
shows us what life would bo if men were
guided by wisdom and brotherly love.
In "A Web of Gold" there appears to
be a greater striving after the laurels of
the novelist than was before shown by
this author. The romance is not simply
incidental to the economic study; it is
the chief thing, and it isn't much above
the average -of the weekly story paper.
It is true that there are constant re
minders of the unfairness of the exist
ing social system, but the manner in
which the labor question and labor or
ganizations are dealt with is very un
satisfactory. One good lesson is pre
sented to anarchists, in which thej are
given to understand that their ideas can
only be adopted after the co-operative
commonwealth baa been established and
has run its race. And a warning is is
sued to railroad monopolists through the
fate of Nathaniel Hazard, whose busi
ness worries drove him crazy. But as
Gould, Hutchinson & Co. are not likely
to read the book they will not be warned.
"A Web of Gold" is full of weak
points, but while it may not prove a val
uable contribution to the literature of
the movement it will do no harm. Miss
Woods gave promise in her first book of
arising in time above the ordinary, and
of rendering valuabl a service in the work
of education, but she has evidently gone
too fast. She should take more time
and make closer studies than is evi
denced in her latest story. Trashy love
yarns may be ground out in a day, but
the greatest problem of our times re
quires and demands close 6tudy and deep
research on the part of most novelists.
In a recent issue of Kate Field's Wash
ington there appeared an article signed
Caroline Gray Lingle. It was intended
as a sort of obituary of all theories of
social reform. Mr. Bellamy's scheme is
distasteful because it bucks against our
glorious iaOrvidnal liberty. Gen. Booth's I
plan is ui practicable for the reason that
the people it is designed to help have
been bro ight to their destitute condi
tion because of their restiveness under
the restraints of the civil law, and there
fore they will not submit to a disciplined
society. EondarefFs claim that each man
should till the soil for a sufficient part
of each year to provide bread for him
self and h s household is not sound, be
cause, foniooth, "it is against the incli
nations of human nature." This is the
way some wise people dispose of weighty
But thii woman knows just why all
the propositions of the "would-be regen- ',
erators" are bosh and nonsense. Let her
ten in -i je constitution or society is
not the result of chance, but a necessary
and inevitable thing. It has hardened
around the human character and taken
its form from it. While the old vices
nuuLiuciwca null lUJUOUIQ iTUlOlU 1U
the individual, society will show the
same fault." This is a dark picture,
but she wlio painted it is not entirely
without hope, if she doesn't have any
regard for consistency. She says, "When
we have evolved a better humanity, a
better society will be already here."
To regenerate society we must im
prove humanity; but, according to Caro
line, humanity refuses to be improved,
and will continue to refuse. The consti
tution of s-xnety is hardened because of
its contact vith hardened humanity; the
former cannot, and the latter will not be
softened. This would leave us in a
pretty bad fix if it was all so; but it
isn't We 'vill gradually adopt what is
good out of the schemes of the "would
be regenera ors," and the highly inflated
individualists will take their medicine
whether they like it or not. Absolute
perfection in societary relations is not
expected at an early day, but something
akin to justice is bound to come ere long.
The people have said it.
Sauce for the goose isn't sauce for the
gander, according to the members of the
National Association of Builders. This
organization, composed of the richest
contractors in the country, held its an
nual convention in New York city re
cently. At the session the subject of
arbitration ;is a means of preventing
strikes was c iscussed. One of the mem
bers expressed the prevailing sentiment
of the assoc iation when he said: "The
most serious aspect of strikes is the in
terference of the strikers with the rights
of their employers and their attempts to
obstruct wor kmen in taking the aban
doned places. Of course where actual
physical violence is used the law fixes i
upou the guil ty individuals a liability to
its full exten; but the question becomes
more difficult of answer where the
means used are the intimidation of em
ployers of prospective workmen by
threats of txxuly harm or by any method
of intimidation that works upon the
mind rather than upon the body, and
really causes the non-striking workman
to forego or t j be discharged from his
This gentleman would have a gag law
passed and enforced which would pre
vent unjustly treated workingmen from
appealing to other workingmen who
were tempted to help the bosses starve
their brothers into subjection. A guard
of Piukerton isque pattern should be
placed around the mind of the working
man, so that the grievances of strikers
may not enter and make an impression.
The bosses city have their oath bound
organizations, pledging each member to
6tand by his fellow member in case of
strike or boycott, and may exact heavy
fines for violations of the principle, but
the workingnian must stand alone, and
not attempt to influence the body or
mind of his ft How laborer. This is the
kind of doctrine the "captains of indus
try" try to iorce down the people's
throats; but it won't work. Most of the
gudgeons hav moved over the river
The convention adopted a resolution
favoring arbitration, but it will be well
to wait until about the middle of the
Fummer before expressing an opinion on
that point. The spring will present
plenty of opportunities to test the sin
cerity of the b'isses. I am free to con
fess that I doubt it.
, One other ruestion which occupied
the N. A. B. at its late session was that
of apprentices. The bosses want to put on
enough apprentices to remove "the ne
cessity of draf t.s on f orei gn labor." How
dear to the hearts of these gentlemen
are the American workingmen. Now,
what is the real object of this agitation
of the apprentice question? Why, the
bosses want to erojrtoy boys to do the
lighter work a t about one-fifth of the
wages demanded by journeymen. It is
well understood that m almost all skilled
employments tl ere are portions of the
work which can be done by those with
little experienct there's where the me
chanic may ease np a little on the strain.
If ibis part of the work is done entirely
by helpers and apprentices the demari
for skilled men is lessened and competi
tion between them for the reduced num
ber of situation; is heightened. At the
same time the bosses are turning out
half made mech anics, who are carefully
educated to a low scale of wages. The
unions of this country generally have
very reasonable rules governing appren
ticeships, and the manual training
schools, which tire becoming so numer
ous and popular, can be trusted to make
Highest of all in Lcavenbg Power.
up any deficiencies that may occur in the
skilled labor market in the near future.
At present there isn't one important trade
in this country that is not overcrowded,
and all this talk about the necessity for
drafts on foreign labor" is balderdash.
Jos. R. Bcchakah.
Some Foreign Words.
One the fair young girl graduates who
quite recently mapped out the destiny of
the world in an essay entitled "A Dream
of the Future," has taken to writing so
ciety novels, and her latest e.Toru the
manuscript of which lies on the desk of
the literary editor for review, U well up to
the standard of current fiction. Especially
this so in the selection of foreign words
and phrases which abound in the story. It
strikes me, however, that they are not al
ways np to the mark In the application.
For instance, ii is going a little too far,
I think, to say t V t the rounded cheeks of
Jessica wore a beautiful sub rosa hue, and
that her hat draped in nom de plumes was
most becoming. I don't quite bee how the
little bona fide could come in wagging bis
tail, or that the chickens could be put imo
their coup d' etat. I should not care to
risk my Iwnes galloping away on a hors de
combat, but I suppo?" I should be as safe
as in ordering my steak double entendre,
especially when Ich dien at 3 o'clock pre
cisely. Finis, the end is an apt quotation.
Salt for the flair.
There i an old belief that salt water In
jures the hair, and a delightful old lady
once explained the reason therefor.
"You see,'" 6he said, "the salt in the
water is stronger than the hair in your
head, and o the salt just draws the hair
right out." Assuming this to be true,
that salt water will draw the hair out of
the head when it isn't otherwise specially
inclined toward coming out, by good
homoeopathic reasoning we come to the
conclusion that when the hair insists upon
coming out of its own accord a vigorous
treating with salt and water will put a
stop to it Whether the reasoning be true
or not the fact is. Not all the tonics you
can buy at the hairdresser's will do your
hair half the good, if it manifests, a
tendency toward falling out, that a daily
scalp br.th of strong salt and water wilL
New York Evening Sun.
The Tower of Prayer.
One of our city undertakers relates a lit
tle incident which illustrates the power of
prayer in a way different from that which
is taught by orthodox ministers. He says:
"I had a funeral the other day. It was
the child of a poor familv; but few people
and no minister ware at the grave. I
pitied them; it looked so desolate and for
lorn th:it I made a prayer at the Inst my
self, although I Lad never done the like
"You didn't'."' exclaimed his wffa.
"Yes, I did. I hava heard it done-o often
that it all came to nie without bought
IV-sidcs that it did nic govl; 1 ut thive
funerals last week which would never
have come to me had it not been for the
A W0MA j'8 DISCOVERT.
"Another wonderful discovery has
been made, and that, too by a lady in
this country. Disease thstened its
clutches upon her and for seven years she
withstood itsseverests tests, but her vital
organs were undermined and death
seemed imminent For three months she
coughed incessantly and could not sleep.
She bought of us a bottle of Dr. King's
New Discovery for consumption and was
so much relieved on taking the first dose
that she slept all night, and with one
bottle has been miraculously cured. Her
name is Mrs. Luther Lutz." Thus write
W. C. Hamrick & Co., of Shelby. N. C.
Get a free bottle at Hartz & Bahnsen's
The transition from long lingering
and painful sickness to robust health
marks an epoch in the life of the individ
ual. Such a remarkable event is treas
ured in memory and the agency whereby
the good health has been attained is
gratefully blessed. Hence it is that bo
much is beard in praise of Electric Bit
ters. So many feel they owe their res
toration to health, to the use of the great
alterative and tonic. If you are troubled
with any disease of kidneys, liver or
stomach, of long or short standing you
will surely find relief by use of Electric
Bitters. Sold at 50c and SI per bottle
at liartz & tiabnsen s drug 6tore.
buckler's abitica salts.
The best salve in the world for cats.
bruises, sores, ulcers, salt rheum, fever
tores, tetter, chapped bands, chilblains
corns and all skin eruptions, and posi
tively cures piles, or no pay require.!. It
is guaranteed to give perfect satisfaction
or money refunded. Price 25 cents per
box. ror sale bv Hartz & Uahnsen.
It is not surprising that a man want-
. .1 i . 4 . a-
in K a u.vorce suouia nna it ae&r man nia
wife was to him.
A Keal Balsam n Kemp's Ban am.
The dictionery siys, 'a balsam is
thick, pure, aromatic substance flowing
from trees." Kemp's Balsam for the
throat and lungs is the only cough medi
cine that is a real balsam. Maty thin,
watery cough remedies are called balsam's
bnt such are not. Look through a bottle
of Kemp's Balsam and notice what a pure,
thick preparation it is. If you cough
use Kemp s Balsam. At all druggists'.
Large bottles 50c and SI.
Completed to Dead wood.
The Burlington Roote.C. B. & Q. R
R.. from Chicago, Peoria and St. Louis
is now completed, and daily passenger
trains are running through Lincoln, Neb.,
and Custer, 8, D., to Dead wood. Also
to Newcastle, Wyoming. Sleeping cars
TJ. S. Gov't Report, Aug. 17, 1889.
Great Clearing Sale
February 2d to
Will etne oat a tar ire line of Bed Ruoat and Par or Seta at coat, alro a great rarirty r 044
Chair will be eold cheap.
lgDo not miss this opportunity.
W. S. HOLBROOK,
No. 103, 105 and 107 Eaet Second 8t.,
H. SIEMON & SON,
toves and "fi,
Baxter Banner Cooking and Heating Stores and the Ocneseo Cooking Stoves.
Tin, Copper and Sheet Iron Work.
1508 SECOND AVE., ROCK ISLAND, ILL.
J. B. ZIMMER,
THE WELL KNOWN
Star Block, Opposite Harper House.
h pcrctaced lor the
Spring and Summer of 1891,
A iargtrand finer stock than ever. TT-cfe (.ooir wi'.l arrive in few day. Wait and tee them.
Calf Goodyear Welt Shoes?
The beat mtete Cut choc in the c;ty for the
Second and Harrison Sts.
O. 3VE. CHRISTY,
Steam Cracker Bakery,
HAHUFACTUHIR 07 CXACXZKS ASD BHCUITI.
Ask your Grocer for them. Thej are beet.
y Special ti; The CkrUty "OTaTIR" and lha Chriatj "WaFXB-"
ROCK ISLAND. ILL.
SEIVERS & ANDERSON, '
Contractors and. Builders,
ALL KINDS OF OABPX&TXB WORK DONE,
ty General Jobbing dona on abort notice and MtiffaeUoa rrntd.
Office and 8hop 1412 Fourth ATenuo. rqCK ISLAND ILL.
ST. JAMES HOTEL,
Corner Twenty -third atreet and Fourth aenne.
J. T. RYAN, Proprietor.
Thi. hooae ha Jaatbeen refitted tbrwigw aod U now la A No I eo.4itWi. It I a trU eU
11.00 per day houre ad a derirable family hotel.
Manufacturer of all klndi of
QaU Fine Sboea a pedalty. Repairing done neatly and promptly .
A share of your patronage reepectf ally aollclted.
1818 Second ATenue. Rok IsUod. M-
CONTRACTOR AND BUILDER,
8hop corner Tweoty-eeoond atreet and Wlnth arena. Beaidence 933
fST Ii prepared to Make eaUmatra and do an kind of Carpeater work. Give aba a triaL
STABY, BERGER & SNELL,
EOCK ISLAND. ILL