Newspaper Page Text
THE ARGUS. THURSDAY, MARCH, 5. 1891.
AMID WILD UPROAfi
The Curtain Falls on the Fifty
A RECORD-BREAKER TO THE LAST,
The House Winds Up with Some
thing That Has No Precedent
The ITsual Renolutlon of Thanks to the
Speaker Offered by One of His Own
Tarty, and Voted for Only by Them, bot
with Great Enthusiasm Beed's Vale
dictory An Outburst of Singing and
Cheers as the Gavel Falls on the Sin
Die Adjournment An All-Night Ses
sion Ceqnired to Complete the Busi
ness Be view of the Work Done and
Washington Citt. March 5. The gray
light of dawn was visible through the
windows of the Capitol yesterday before
the house received what was the final re
port on the general deficiency bill. The
conference committee reported that it had
fcgreed to the French spoliation claims,
but disagreed to all the other disputed
points. The report was adopted. In the
senate the same report was Jmade and also
adopted, but much later in the morn
ing, it being after 9 o'clock, the senate
having token recess until that hour from
C a. m. Before 1 1 o'clock all the appropri
ation bills had been passed. During the
morning a number of bills were urged by
the members, but few of them got
through. One wa to correct a mistake in
enrolling the agricultural bill by which
$!"0,000 for the relief of destitute persons
in the west had been omitted. Funston
offered this and Tickler of South Dakota
objected, whereupon Funston exclaimed;
"Shame on you: Shame on yon! You
villain! You villain!" But Pickler sud
denly withdrew his objection and the
j'rint resolution was passed.
The Srene in the Hoaso.
Just before the final report on the defi
ciency bill was made the scene in the
house was worth describing. The great
est confusion prevailed on the floor.
Strewn about, were papers and books and
pamphlets torn in a thousand pieces. On
the sofas were members tired out with
t heir all night vigil, sleeping restlessly,
am! no doubi, having visions of bills de
feated or victories achieved flitting
through their brains. At 6 o'clock a recess
was taken until 9, and - from the doors of
the Capitol congressmen and employes
an 1 idle sightseers poured out in a contin
uous stream. The floor that had been all
noise and confusion became as still as the
chamber of death. All the help was worn
out with the continuous session of the
past week, and when the house assembled
at 9 o'clock the dirt and litter of the
night session still remained.
Reassembling of the Tired Statesmen.
Gradually the galleries and house filled
np, and by 11 o'clock nearly every member
was present. All showed by their swol
len eyes and dishevelled hair the effects
of the strain through which they had
passed. Worn out and weary members
strolled listlessly about the floor. The
flrwrs and galleries became crowded.
About the corridors of the house rushed
people who were frantically appealing to
the doorkeepers to see "their member,"
either to obtain admission to the crowded
galleriesor to make a final effort on the floor
for the passage of some bill. Springer
had the floor and was wildly gesticulat
ing, but the noise and confusion was so
great that he could not be heard except
at intervals. He was talking about ex
travagant appropriations. Within a fe .7
feet of him a member had his little giii
of 10 years standing erect upon the des i.
Behind a tremendously large basket of
flowers the picturesque Vaux sat looking
on at the noisy scene transpiring about
Flowers for Speaker Reed.
The usual committees were appointed to
wait upon the president, and in due time
made their report that the executive had
nothing further to lay before congress.
Great npplause now burst forth from the
Republican side as an immense basket of
flowers was placed upon the desk of
Speaker Iteed, and shortly afterward the
voice of Maj. McKinley, was heard asking
recognition from Burrows, who had taken
the chair in the meautime. McKinley was
recognized, and the scene long expected
aud speculated upon was before the house,
and another case without precedent was
recorded in the journal that of a retiriug
speaker thanked by only the members of
his own party, a member of that party
presenting the resolution.
Another Precedent Broken.
McKinley read the following resolution:
"That the thanks of this house are pre
sented to Hon. Thomas B. Reed for the
able, impartial, and dignified manner in
which be has presided over its delibera
tions and performed the arduous and im
portant duties of the chair." Mills de
manded the yeas and nays. The resolu
tion was agreed to yeas, 152; nays, 116 a
strict party vote. The galleries were ia
tensely interested in the vote. It was the
supreme moment of the day. As the roll
call progressed members grew emphatic
Democrats arose and shouted: "No,"
while Republicans outdid tbem, if any
thing, with their thundering "Yes." Can
non's name was called, but he was absent
in committee. McKinley answered "Yes"
in a way that set the Republicans wild.
Woald't Let Cannon Vote.
The scene when the vote was announced
was one to be remembered. The Repub
licans cheered and cheered again. They
tossed papers in the air, waved their arms
and shouted themselves hoarse, while the
Democrats maintained a dignified silence.
It wasn't their time to howl. Cannon
came rushing on the floor and asked unan
imous consent to vote in the affirmative.
He was cheered, but the Democrats denied
the request. Bland jumped to his feet
and asked unanimous consent to vote in
the negative. A dozen other members
made the same request. But the Repub
licans were inexorable. The Democrats
had refused to permit Cannon to vote, and
the action should stand. Then Breckiu--ridge
of Kentucky, paid a warm tribute
of respect to the charman of the commit
tee on appropriations Cannon. Ou the
floor, in committee and in personal con
tact, ho said. Cannon had always earned
the gratitude of the gentlemen on the
Democratic side. Loud applause on both
sides of the chamber.
Another Outburst of Cheers.
A few minutes before adjournment
Speaker Reed appeared and resumed the
gavel, and a roar of cheers went up rrom
the Republican side. In vain he appealed
for order. Again and again the cheers
rose until the members, exhausted with
enthusiasm, sat down and comparative
quiet once more prevailed. It was It :57
when a sharp, penetrating voice from
nnder the gallery was heard to say:
"Gentlemen." The confusion which had
previously reigned on the floor ceased as
if by magic Members who were strolling
about the hall, or reclining on sofas, hur
ried to their seats. Five hundred faces on
the floor and thousands in the galleries
turned to Speaker Reed, when a second
time, after a pause of a minute, he said:
"Gentlemen." He looked the born leader.
In a closely fitting Prince Albert coat,
buttoned to the top, standing squarely on
both feet, with gavel in hand, in a clear,
emphatic manner, with earnestness in bis
voice, he pronounced his valedictory as
speaker of the Fifty-first congrefi.
The Valedictory Address.
The speaker said: After two long and stormy
sessions, in some respeota unparalleled in a hun
dred years, the house of representatives of the
Fifty-first congress will soon pass with com
pleted record into the history of the country,
and its works will follow it. VThat we have
done is in a large measure political. Whatever
is political arouses the sternest, the most turbu
lent, the most unforgiving passions of the hu
man family. Political action can never lie
justly viewed from a near standpoint. Time
and distance are needed for a ripe judgment,
and the verdict of history is the only verdict
worth recording. To state in language which
would seem to be adequate the achievements of
the house, would not be suitable to this time or
to this place
Let By-Gones Be By-Gones.
It is at least not needful here to now rekindle
old disputes or fan the dying embers of stnig
glo part and gone. Whether we have dis
posed of questions of finance with the wiadom
of broad statemanship time will surely show.
Whether in the things we have done and the
things we have attempted for the furtherances
of human liliorty, we were actuated by hisrh
and honorable motives, will be visible to all the
world at no distant day. Our actions need
catalogue, and all enumeration and praise by
oursolve vruuM he in vain. If oar dovls do
not praise us, our words can not
Confident of the Verdict.
Confident as I am of the verdict of time on
what we have done.I am still more confident that
the highest commendation that will lie given us
in future, will be not for what measures we
have passed, valuable as they are, but because
we have taken so long a stride in the direc
tion of responsible government. Having dem
onstrated to the people that those who have
been elected to do their will can do it, hence
forth excuses will not be taken for perform
ance, and government by the people will be
stronger in the land.
A Graceful Conclusion.
Towards those who have opposed what the
majority of the house have desired, we can
have no unkindly or personal feeling. Who
ever offers battle to old convictions and faiths
must expect battle, and the vigor of the resist
ance must always lear some proportion to the
vigor of the onset.
To the members on my left, with whom I am
politically associated. I beg to tender my most
sincere and heartfelt acknowledgments. No
man ever received more nncrrudcing and -unflinching
support, or fn.m a liand of men more
patriotic. I am proud to acknowledge that in T1
thai bus been done I have lieen but one in the
multitude, and I know that the honors of the
Fifty-first congress belong to yon alone. I now
declare the house to be adjourned without day.
A Medley of Song.
As the speaker spoke his last words
pandemonium broke out. Cheersrent the
air from both sides, hats were flung into
the air, Kerr of Iowa started "Marching
Through Georgia," and the galleries joined.
O'Neill of Missouri started the "Bonnie
Blue Flag," but got no great help, and
Coleman of Louisiana started out on
"America," and the house cheered and
sang by turns. Then the press gallery
started out singing the doxology, and the
house cheered them. Burrows took a
cigar from his mouth and endeavored to
force "John Brown's Body" on the house,
but the galleries would not have it, and
the press gallery downed the "Michigan
der" with "Listen to My Tale of Woe" and
"Good-bye, Congress, Good bye."
Closing Scenes in the Senate.
The scenes that marked the end of the
congress in the senate were of a much
quieter nature than those occurring in the
house. Packed galleries packed almost
to suffocation witnessed the closing
scenes, and men, women and children
gathered in the corridors outside the gal
lery doors making vain efforts to obtain
admission to the favored precincts. The
wives, daughters and other members of
the families of senators thronged the
private galleries, and the diplomatic gal
lery, which is usually but sparsely occu
pied, even on interesting occasions, con
tained a number of members of the dip
lomatic corps. All the senators were
present, many of them saying farewells to
their colleagues, and most interest cen
tering on those who would not be present
when the senate met again.
Bassett 1'erforms His Act.
As the hands on the dial of the senate
clock pointed to five minutes before noon,
it appeared as if for the first time in te
memory of this generation the amusing
little scene of old Capt. Bassett's march
to the locality of the clock with along
white wand in hand in order to put back
the minute hand to suit the emergency of
the occasion, was to be omitted. Those
who imagined so, however, were amusing
ly disappointed, for the vener-.
able gentleman, wand a hand,
with his characteristic gait, sol
emnly strode up the central aisle
amid the hardly-suppressed laughter of
a thousand spectators, and turned back
by about three minutes the hands upon
the dial. Once again and a third time
still, the time-killing operation was per
formed, and finally, when the thing was
overdone, he stalked back for the fourth
time and advanced the hands a few min
utes. But this could not go on forever.
Just before 12 o'clock arrived, the chair
man, Vice President Morton arose, and
with a few graceful words of thanks and
good-bye. aeclared the senate adjourned
for the Fifty -first congress sine die.
REVIEW OF THE SESSION'S WORK.
Summary of Important Measures Ft issd
by the Fifty-first Congress.
Washington Citt, March 5. Extraor
dinary conditions governing the composi
tion of the Fifty-first congress drew to its
legislation the attention of the whole
country. The Republican party had on
the day congress convened once more ob
tained control of the executive and legis
lative branches of the federal government,
but so smali was the majority in the
house of representatives that it was ob
vious that the success of party measures
would be greatly imperiled, unless radi
cal methods were adopted. Realizing
this, the Republican managers of the
house mad every preparation to place
thek- party in that body on a stronger
footing, and hardly had the congress con
vened 'when it became evident that a vig
orous and unprecedented policy was to be
The Fierce Initial Struggle.
Th long struggle of theD emosrats in
the ho-aee to prevent the unseating of one
f thtsr naffltw and the seating of a
ISapublicAn contestant in his place, while
the house was proceeding under "general
parliamentary law," and the more bitter
opposition to the adoption of a new
code making radical changes in the
fule which had heretofore governed the
f.ouse,, had the "effect of keeping on
the alert the interest in the legislative
p roceedings, which, prior to these occur
rences, had been deemed by many prosy
The Three Great Measures.
Three great measures considered by the
congress just ended will take a prominent
I lace in the history of legislation. These
are the tariff act of 1S90, the federal elec
t ons bill, aud the silver bill. By the tariff
a:t important changes in the customs
laws were brought about, and the first
practical opportunity of testing the theo
ries of the advocates of the advocates of
commercial reciprocity was obtained
Scretary Blaine was its chief advocate,
a id Aldrich persuaded the senate to put a
irodified proposition in the tariff bill
which was agreed to by the house. The
treaty with Brazil followed.
The Action on Silver.
On July 14, 1890, after a protracted
struggle between the advocates of free sil
vt r and the conservatives on the silver
question a bill was enacted providing for
tie issue of coin certificates based on gold
or silver bullion, with a proviso that tae
secretary of the treasury should purchase
4,"iOO,000 ounces of silver bullion each
minth. This bill was the result of a
conioromise in conference between the
two houses the senate having passed a
trie coinage bill. Iu the second session
the senate finance committee amended a
national bank bill introduced by Sher
man, so as to make it a general financial
m.-a-snre. The way it was shelved jn fa
vor of a free coinage bill is fresh iu the
minds of readers; also how the free coin
agi bill was shelved in the house.
The Ill-Fated F.lrctions Bill.
The vacillating career of the federal
elections bill giving the control of
elections of members of the house of
representatives to the government,
was watched with intense interest
throughout the country, and particularly
in the south. After a limited, but bitter
debate, the house passed the measure in
the first session. 1c was called up in the
set ate, but the endless debate kept up by
the opposition brought about the caucus
agreement by which the election bill was
laid aside and the tariff bill taken up wuh
the understanding that the elections bill
should be pushed to a final vote during
the second session. But the discussion of
the measure was never completed. It was
taken up according to agreement, but the
Democrats began a "talk-it to-death" pol
lcy.and with the help of some Republicans
put the bill finally to sleep.
P.-iiiou., Lotteries and Other Matters.
In pursuance of its promise in the cam
p:ii ;n of 1SSS that more lileral pension
legislation would be enacted the Repub
lican party's representatives in congress
secured the passage of u disability pen
sion act giving disabled soldiers $13 a
mouth. The anti-lottery law and the law
against trusts and combinations were two
more important measures that passed,
while the famous educational bill which
had twice passed the senate, and of which
Blair of New Hampshire was the cham
pion, met its death in that body.
Work of the Long Session.
Tiie first or long session is notable for
the number of other important measures
that, became laws. Wyoming and Idaho
wers admitted to statehood, making the
number of states forty-four. A general
land grant forfeiture bill providing for
the forfeiture to the government of all un
earned lands granted to aid in the con
struction of railroads opposite portions of
roads uncompleted at the time of the pas
sage of the law, opened new lands to set
tlement. The prohibition of American
mear, from certain foreign markets brought
about the passage of the law to provide
for the inspection of meats intended for
export. The bills to prohibit the exporta
tion of adulterated articles of food and
drin i, and to enable the president to pre
vent the importation of impure or adul
terated articles of food and drink are
worthy of special mention.
Less Important Measures.
Ariong the less important but still
interesting measures which passed
were the following: Extending the
criminal jurisdiction of the federal
courts to the great lakes; increas
ing t $72 a month the pensions of thuae
lermanently disabled; directing the su
perintendent of the census to collect sta
tistic of farms and mortgage indebted
ness; granting certificates of discharge to
those who enlisted under assumed names
in thu war of the relellion; to prevent the
importation from one state into another
of goods prohibited by the latter state,
excert in original packages; to apply a
portion of the proceeds of the sale ot puo
liclasdsto the endowment aud support
of agricultural colleges; transferring the
weather bureau from the signal corps to
the agricultural department, and author
izing the postmaster general to test the
free delivery system iu small towns.
Laws I(.sed at the Short $esioa.
Frequent complaints concerning to in
efficiency of our federal immigration
laws brought about the enactment lath
second session of a measure aimed to cor
rect the alleged abuses. Other bills
passed during the session were: To re
lieve the docket of the supreme court; the
direct tax bill; the copyright bill;
nd I be apportioment bill. Politi
cal prophets were somewhat surprised by
the jutture of this bill. Notwithstanding
predU tions to the contrary, the Mil re
portetl from lbs house census committee
imply increase the representation of the
atatea iu congress from 332 to 3o6 (making
M decrease ia the number of members
from any state) and, although proriskas
to in a -ease the representation ot parUc
tar ate tea were pressed, the bill became a
law without amendment.
sne Bills That Failed.
One feature of this congress is the num
ber of bills that failed in the senate, and
which were important measures. One of
two bills were never very seriously con
sidereal the sub-treasury and the Stan
ford government loau bills. But the Con
ger laid bill which passed the house), the
f addoL'k pure food bill (a senate measure),
the bill to adjust the accounts of govern
ment t mployc s under the eight-hour lav,
the national bankrupt system (passed the
house), all tailed to get through the sen
ate. The Kicaraguan canal bill and the
bill to amend the interstate commerce law
also failed. The bill for mail subsidies
got tLrougu just before adjournment.
There were many other bills which did not
get through, and a few of them are given:
The service pension bill; the postal savings
bank bill; woman's suffrage and prohibi
tion constitutional amendment bills; pro
hibits z aliens from acquiring title to
lands hi this couutry; all the schemes for
Latin-i.mencan- United States banks.
Coo United on seventh page.
We have just received the first shipment of our new stock of
-FOR THE EARLY-
Spring season of 1891.
tgT"We invite everybody to call and examine them.
The Pioneer Clothier and Hatter,
115 and 117 West Second Street, DAVENPORT,
We sre opening the most complete line of Hardware specialties ever offered in Eock
Island beside oar rrgalar e'ock or staple and builders' Hardware
aud Mechanics' tools.
Pocket, Table as Kitchen Cutlery,
Nails, Steel Goods, Tinware, Stoves, Etc.
SPECIALTIES Climax Cooks and Esnrou. "Florida" and VTKber Bot Water Beater.
Florida Steam Boilers, Pasteur Germ Proof Filters, Economy Furnaces, Tin
and Sheet Iron work, Plambing.Copperemithinr asd Stetm Fitting.
1823 Second avenue, Kock Island.
PEOFESSIOg AJa CARDS.
J. M. BEAhDSLEY,
ATTORNEY AT LAW Office wits -J. T. Ken
worthy, 1735 Second Atenne.
JACKSON ft UUKST,
ATTORNET8 AT LAW. Office in Rock Island
National Bank Building. Rock Island, m.
S. D. SWXrifXT. o. L. WALXfa.
SWEENEY ft WALKER,
ATTORNEYS AND COUNSELLORS AT LAW
Owes In Benetton's block. Rock Island, Ili.
MrEMRT ft McESlBl,
A TTORNKY'8 AT LAW Loan money on rood
XX security, make collections. Re ference. sfltch
11 A Lyude. bankers. Office in Poetofflc block.
THE DAILY ABtiCS.
R KALR KVRRT CVtWiNd . r..nn.
ewe Stand. PIts cents per copy.
DBS. RUTHERFORD ft BUTLER,
GRADUATES OF THE ONTARIO VETERNA
rr college, Veternary Physicians and Surgeons,
"fflcei Tlndall's LlTery stable; Residence: Orer
Asters Bakery, market sqaare.
VM. 0. KULP, D. D, S.
OFFICE REMOVED TO
Rooms tt, 17. 88 and 1 ,
Take Elevator. DAVENPORT, IA.
We are the Xanufactunn.
Do not fail to get an Eit-mate Before Contracting.
104- lOOranUiA-ttM Chios.
Successor to Adamson & Hoick,
Tf T" 1 T-1 1 Til
'yi - xiock island, iu
Shop Nineteenth 8t, bet. First and Second Avenne,
General Jobbing and Repairing promptly done.
fcT Becond Hand Machinery bought, Bold and repaired.
JVL E. MURRIN,
Choice Family Groceries-
dor. Third aTcnue and Twenty-first St.. Ro:k
patrowMlwted? ' ?roMri wn bs sold at lowest llrlt prices. A ' :
House and Sign Painter.
P. O. BOE67S.
m. . ... .... M4 fid 8U.