Newspaper Page Text
TH: AliUUS. THUKSDAT, MAKCH, 5. 1891.
fUTT l it..-
PoMictW Daiiy ami Weekly ut 1W4 bcioml Avv
noe. Kock Island, 111.
J. w. Potter,
Tkms-Doily. ftOc per month; Weekly, J2.00
All cnr.imuriltnttotn of a critical or argumenta
tive character, political or religious. dq have
real nam tnM.-hitt for publication Ho such arti
ticles will he printed over fictitious siroatures
Anrvnymo'i co nmonicstioii not noticed.
Corre'jiiil-:ncc solicited from ercry township
I A Kock Inland county.
TnuRSDAT, Marcii 5, 1891
JAt a recent test it was discoveied that
the velocit of wicd in a sle on the top
of Eiffel lower was 630 mile per hour..
While the McKioley act dot's not pro
tect new? pa per publishers, a new postsl
law di ?. The Utter makes it Urceny
for an? person to take a paper from a
postcfllce and refuse to pay for It.
Burlington G uetie: A.J. S'r..eter,
the man who is being so loyally supported
by the F M. B. A. members or the
Illinois legislature, was a rank "copper
head" during tbs war. whili General
Palmer was a gallant union soldier. But
tben its .nythinii to beat a democrat.
Tub New York Recorder sya that
Father T'm Sotrtnan, the Jesuit priest
and son of thf lite General Sherman, is
tall, ItaV. l':in and almost furrowed in
the f.ni. T M-e him sUU'lin; near
SenttiT Jol.n and his father when alive,
the sirng liki-ofH between tie three
woul i st one f ; gl-ir.ce. Tfce o'M r
sor, T. '.'.,ir -'Cuap." hs he is c died,
iSMnefi.lv 1 1 -. fT rer.t roike nf man,
and :.; : i- ..u.l dgure inclines tnw.r I the
Earing Immrb r be family. Tom in
his joui g Uys w is very much of an a!.
round atllele. lie had a bit of reputa
tion i i n Muattur bcxer. and was a
rough umI lutibic tighter among the hoys
of tbt! col.'e.'e. "Cumi)" is the dude nf
the family. nd mors of a society per.'oa
than ;ny .f 5iennan iiojs and nirls
ever were .
Mk Stkeetek is the only and origi
ns! r )t.r ( r-iariff icfmasforcu-bi!l-r v
enue rcform free-trader - greenback niN
ist-go; i ::! siivcrne-bourbon-tnti-ferc-bill-cu:
is-tiicti in election of -seca'ors-by-Mie-peop'.i:
- republican F - M. - B - A.
contor fii.--. ni- living, ttmri the
Si.aU: Iri.M er lit? cm i-vi.-i uiui::i in
to any t:iu -. it.: pLdSis- regciar :n;j;a
rutbtr nLsoi;i c3 and a nvuth that Le h
not alri 1 i)' . lie has played tt:e trick,
"now joj -e h un l dos you don't gee
it" so of eu tx foro 'nrlmirinn" audiences
that he cio do it with hiseyesshut. This
wonritrfuriadi-i r :bber man' is now
filling a, -t or; i-nag ;ment in our city and
performing d .ily to crowded houses Ad
mission f re ; R;?erved seit.i can be te
cure 1 by applying to "Long Jones,' Char
lie Fuller, or any member of ibe any-thing-to
fen-Palmer gang. Tni i- the
greilcv, o'i.n:si's ' firewell lour' ml
po3itiT.-jy !m In: ap;iMrdTC ' in Spring
The following i from the Chicai
Triune .f la Thursday :
Tti- .:!: cr-frt wii: suler from -ic-cr-1i.n
not 1 r-r .nn Weda-sliy ..f next
ek Tli; evidences o- thi uu.real;
r" li oupced ts in wrriM ihi
frtn'em-ni . Ti. m'n 'b'.-me'c-s -je-riOiiiu
e ilicir ''eterminaiioo ;o m-ibe a
bre ik I: have come ihU v;.
bti' Hif ! mi. r.i?ic steering coiumit'ee
aske ! !o- fr il vjs Innger i ; whi'li ;.i
dem"ri!r.' 'Heir tbility to f'.w G;:n
Palm r Th.-r u'te'. w..s gr't't-l. mil
as ti ti ; i- id it 1,1 he nCCu-.ii pii.t.r.t
her.- tn. i, ',n ,.r ti,e lltx, ,jltl jijj.
r..k i. 'i I'm I a mi. S in nf r.e
Eivp't i h ii-nk x.-cedin'y we'l of li. n.
W. A. ! ll-prr-ii'a'i v Cur
ti ww 1m iii- f.jr An. Ire w As-it.i. in
demo r . . : irm-.- ccd d f - fr
cree :n tv- i - lc im a niut Mr. H t
C vU cm n tive a bi vote to J hn
-V K:n;. :.'i si nn to h-tve K.nelri-u H
out in the s1 ite.
Yesterdiy, lb- time limi'd for tie
breik fr m Ptlmvr ; occur, rbowed the
deroocta . jh-vhts unb'i k n througa
fle b -.!:'.. O.'.',- tucdred md one vo t3
forJohu M. Palmer is be dem critic
acswer to nil ich slanders an the above.
H .me-rU l ninrmfN Awak - .
The litmofriif ni Hancock county held,
a mass meeting at Carthage Tuesday
eveninc a tt.e court house. There was
a lare atteniianc . and the following ree
olutions wer adopted amid much en
tbusiasm: Whereas. The joint nci ion of there
pnMc.rr. ?.zft F. M :J. A meisSers ,t
tne Ihinois ienernl assembly tbus far has
been in annul and tet aide the express
will if the people ah expressed at the
?'i Is Xtvrniti-r by utijorttT of over
3 .00O; and
WnKKEtB. The fidelity to iirinciple,
rjHtrioiinn i country, boceaty and integ
rity Kbown by the senUrs and npresi-n-tn'iviis
rfimpoiing the linnest, invinriM
and gullmt 101 U such as to command tie
admir inn -.nrl s'eem of all men; im u
RcsolVfii. Bv :tie d mor-rnfy f Han
cock a.u&;y ii muss meeiiog asLembleil.
that, we uoequivoc-illy approve the course
pur-rn- 1 iiy oar representatives. Mevers
and E lu.i.-'iils. h hli i the Vi'iant 8Kb'.
nw r.eii g m -d by the democrnic f ena-torsnn-l
iepr-seuutives of tne thiity
seven' b -. eii-r ti ana inb y .
Rea-iiveil That we do ai ret'.nao-z'
the rurbt .f any innn or caucus of men to
order ;ti i b-.'rtwi.l f the cun-.e f
JohaM Pal'if r for the offl re. -f U.ii'ed
Sti'es stnitor. and we bOif ami trtiif
each th- 101 w-.li tbus vuie tn ih
Toe woil mat lelse. kicker, but It
.Jtf J",fce-",,i"" n rntth 'Xtt. freer Sf (S
COST OF PRODUCTION.
A VALUABLE REPORT BY LABOR
The Iron and Steel Industry Vncler In
vestigation Europe and America Com
paredWages and Efficiency r Labor.
Strictly "Non-Partisan" Figures.
United States Labor Commissioner
Col. Carroll D. Wright has been engaged
for three years in making an examina
tion of the cost of production in the iron
and steel industries of this country and
Europe. That examination is now com
plete, and Col. Wright's report has been
transmitted to congress by the president.
It will be printed as one of the regular
yearly reports of the department of labor
and will make a volume of 1.200 pages.
In the meantime some of the striking
facts and figures embodied in the report
have been given to the public, and from
what has thus been made known it is
certain that this report, although worked
out in an entirely non-partisan spirit,
will prove one of the great arsenals from
which to draw weapons of attack against
our protective system. The very non
partisan character of Col. Wrights work
will make the results of lus investigation
all the more damaging to the protection
The inquiry undertaken by Col. Wright
was directed by the act establishing the
department, with a view to ascertaining
the cost of producing articles dutiable in
the United States in leading countries
where such articles are produced, by
units of production, in order to show the
differences in cost of production between
this country and Europe, and the possible
bearing of these differences upon tariff
The report covers three features the
first relating to the cost of production of
the articles selected, the second relating
to the rata of wages, time, earnings and
efficiency of the labor employed, and the
third relating to the cost of living and
total earrings and expenditures of the
men employed. The facts regarding
wages ar.J efficiency of labor were ob
tained from the pay accounts of the es
tablishments; those relating to the cost
of living and expenditures were obtain
ed from the men themselves.
The minuteness with which this in
quiry was made was not objected to hy
the manufacturers of pig iron; but of
our six companies engaged in making
steel rails only two are reported; "the
other steel rail manufacturers showed a
sensitiveness about giving information."
Still the report gives information about
CIS establishments of all kind.
The inquiry into the cost of producing
pig iron embraces reports from 11$ estab
lishments, of which about two-thirds
are in the United States. In the follow
ing table giving the cost of production,
four terms are used to designate the lo
cality of the establishments, those in the
United States being designated as "north
ern" or "southern;" those in Europe are
divided into two groups, one for Great
Britain and one for the continent, which
latter are designated by the word
"Europe." The salaries paid to officials
and clerks, the cost of supplies and re
pairs and the payments for taxes are in
cluded in the total cost. Each line re
presents the work of a separate estab
lishment, and of the 1 18 given in the re
rrt those are qu-jted here which fairly
represent the highest, lowest and aver
age rates of cost of materials, labor cost
and total cost in each locality:
Cost cf Total
materials. Labor. rot.
Northern SIT.T- S'J.i Sij.lui
Northern U.Cai IMi I3.4-J3
Northern lJCT U.lXi 15JT.8
Northern 11.117 l.lOi li!t
Southern 7.7.07 1.4C1 10.279
Southern 7.173 1.H0 9.CU
Southern 3UI 2.00$ 10JC7
Southern 8.877 I.21S 10.K2
Southern 8.161 JC, JI.C3
Great Britain DJJiO .fill 10.2SH)
Great Britain 0.3IS .Tit lO.T-'O
Great Britain G.'t .613 7.G.7
Great Britain t'.52) .7t Iit.8ii3
Europe Si-VA .413 WfH
Europe I2.22S KU-'U
Europe 11.219 .719 1.VC73
Europe 6.7S5 .470 7.7'io
Europe Q.t, 1.411 12.(C0
Europe H.(;l .711 11.107
Europe 7.5.7 .753 8.703
These figures give the cost of making
a ton of pig iron after the materials have
been brought together at the furnace.
The following table gives the total cost
of one ton of pig iron from the mining
of the materials to the finished product
I? Ilf f f 5 3 ? 5 J S
3 sTTs u c H 5 s z
nnii ' '; -J ' c
ijbscsc:.-: inn: a.
: D3S3:ii- : : : : : i c
: g g 2 2 2.S : : : r1 : : 2.
; disit'iti 2. 2
: : : : : : : F
: x: :::::: x
: ::::: 'l :::::: 'l
co es4 e s co s ct j
iitfi-uu. : : ..iii-.;.--
Sga3 : : A -J r"" gpn-jgQ
r"r-r . : : rr"?6r" roxoj pxra
fa esijT-, Pn
iz'J t It c. 5 It no WJQd-TiBJX
-snj tswjq Xq
t zz --JZ "V t- I-bu--
-I i;''i-b j-'-j:- n3ajoi oodM
's-'z'hr.'z 5I'2-f"S "" rn1
o c - cl -15 - a: --
Tho aggregate of these items shows a
difference from the total cost of produc
tion, which may lje ascribed to profit and
royalties .it different stages of the proc
ess of converting the ore in the ground
into the finished pig iron product. The
remarkable fact brought out in tbid com
parison is that it actually costs less to
make iron in the south than it does in
England. And yet there are those who
pretend to believe that the iron industry
of the south depends upon protection.
The investigation of the cost of making
steel rails is given for thirteen establish
ments. In the following table Le col-
labor cost of turning the steel bars Into
rails. The last column gives the total
cost of making a ton of steel rails, the
difference let ween it and the sum of the
two other columns being made up of
clerk hire, insurance, repairs, etc.
Net cost Total
of mat'ls. Labor, cost.
United States $21,100 $1,540 $24,790
United State 23.114 1.3S2 27.687
Continent of Europe 17.672 LOW 19x'il
Continent of Sorope...... lS.Ofiri .!-M 2!.'W
Continent of rjurope, 18.0G6 4.641 25.B52
Continent of Kurope 18.211 2.583 21.121
Continent of Europe 1S.108 2.CS9 23.190
Continent of Kurope 1S.SH 2.974 23.743
Continent of Kurope 18.SM l.lWi 22.439
Continent of Europe 19.880 2.11 26.711
Great Britnin 18.058 2.54S 21.907
Great Britain 16.393 11S 18JS8
Great Britain 17.159 1.5S3 20.178
Col. Wright states that the labor cost
in one ton f steel rails, speaking of la
bor cost aftiT all the materials have been
assembled and are ready to be subjected
to the propt r manipulations for the pro
duction of rails, should be less per ton
relatively in this country than in Great
Britain or on the continent of Europe,
because American producers of rails dis
pense with at least one expensive proc
ess still aohered to by many foreign
producers, f nd materials in the United
States are parer than those used in most
other count ries. Ilence the quantity of
ore required for the production of a ton
of rails is less in this country than in
man' places abroad, and the labor re
quired to handle the materials in a way
to produce a ton is less.
This is shown by the quantities of ore
used in different establishments. In an
establishment given in the northern dis
trict of the United States 4.137 pounds
of iron ore vere necessary for the pro
duction of one ton of standard rails,
while in an i stablishmont in Great Brit
ain 5.127 pounds cf iron ore were neces
sary for th j production of one ton of
practically t.'ie same kind of rails; while
on the continent of Enropo 5,701 pounds
of ore wtre necessary for the production
of one ton of rails. These are the estab
lishments in lilies 1, 12 and 3 in the
above table, and are. Col. Wright says,
far more indicative of the true condi
tions surrounding the production of
rails in the respective countries than any
of the others given. The entire direct
labor cost of production in these three
establishments was $11.59 for the United
States, $7.81 for Great Britain and $3.10
for the continent of Europe, showing a
difference as against the United States
of $3.78 iu favor of Great Britain and
3.49 in favor of the continent of Europe.
The reason cf the cheaper labor cost
per ton in America, after the materials
are collected, is to be found in the
greater offici -ncy of American labor in
steel rail racking. In his examination
into the efficiency of labor Col. Wright
found that the two establishments for
the United S rates have an efficiency equal
to between . 12 and .13 tons of product
lr man per hour and the five for the
foreign countries all fall under .06 tons,
ranging down even to under .02 tons. In
other words, it takes the foreign laborer
twenty to f Ity hours to make a ton of
rails, while the American laborer turns
out a ton in about eight hours.
Xotwithst;inding this showing, our
lawmakers fancy that they must "pro
tect" the labor engaged in making rails
with a duty of $13.44 a ton on rails.
A Spanislt Patriot to Americans.
The most eminent man in Spain today
is Castelar, who is known throughout
the world as the leader of the Spanish
Republicans and as a patriotic states
man in sympithy with modern political
ideals in a land where the outworn po
litical systens of the past still hold
sway. Caste'ar is a broad minded citi
zen of the w.rld, who looks with pity
npon the petty devices which the nations
invent to "protect" themselves from
others. The economic wars which the
nations are waging against each other
under the nnt te of "protection" are to
him but manifestations of human hate
and folly, and as obstacles in the way of
human freedom and progress.
Castelar is one of the greatest orators
of the time. a. id he is also a brilliant and
vigorous writ -r. He has recently writ
ten a striking article upon this inter
national wan'are in trade which was
published in The New York Herald.
In this article he notes with regret that
America, the land of his political ideals,
should have committed herself to a
scheme of ultra protection. He finds
that our protection is "opposed to the
interests of humanity, whose develop
ment should le the aim of all free and
Castelar has a very positive opinion of
our HcKinleyism. He says:
. "But archaeological contradictions
must disappear, and the cause of human
progress impt ratively requires nations
to urge on universal exchange, free
trade, just as cosmic heat compels 6i
dereai motion. Having in every sense of
the word outgrown the age when com
petition could e fatal to it, as well as the
period of ecotomic contradictions, the
new world fights against its own provi
dential destiny and betrays its office by
aggravating, cs it is now doing, its pro
tectionist tariff, converted by measures
which are simply odious into desolating
His concludi ng words are earnest and
"Nations, like individuals, in propor
tion as they mount toward the highest
summits of illustrious renown, assume
an iacreased r isponsibility. The nation
within whoso frontiers reign peace, lib
erty, democracy, republicanisai, progress
and labor mus ; not, beyond thoey fron
tiers, represent reaction, race enmity and
Highest of all in Leavening Power.
1 ' mm
the retfogradation of humanity. The
people who have chained the tempest
and subjected the lightning, who have
fitted our vessels with the steam engines
which enable them to override all waves
and to brave all winds, who have given
to ppeech the speed of lightning, who
have created the power of transmitting
the human voice over the whole surface
of the earth by means of the miraculous
telephone, who by the aid of the magic
6trands of the telegraphic cable hidden
in the depths of the ocean have joined
the most distant lands, who have given
the human race the benefit of the electric
light, are compelled to forward the cacse
of universal progress by the adoption of
free labor and free exchange."
rerils or Mining.
The last report of the Pennsylvania
mine inspectors gave the following sum
mary of accidents, which is interesting
in the light of the recent disaster in the
Frick company's mine.
Wives Children fatal but
Anthracite Fatal made mnde terions
districts. accid'U. "widows, orphans, actid'ls.
First 72 34 84 225
Second f2 VA CI 13fl
Third C7 Si VI 214
Fourth 40 20 44 IX,
Fifth C3 83
Sixth 53 n.-,
Seventh SO 10 43 (Ki
Total 105 ol 83 2W
In the Coimellsvillo region about fif
teen thousand persons are employed, and
j there are over sixteen thousand cuke
The capital of the Frick company is
$5,000,000, and this corporation now
owns and controls 35,000 acres of cal
laud and 42 cf the so plants in tho re
gion, aggregating 10,04(5 ovens; 3 water
plants, with a pumping capacity of
5.000,000 gallons daily, and 35 miles of
railroad track and 1,200 railroad cars.
Eleven thousand men are employed by
Conspiracy Laws la Enslnnd.
A recent dispatch from London savs :
The Liberals scored another point with
the workmgnien 3-esterdav, on motion
of Mr. RolnTtson. of Dundee, to amend
the law relating to criminal conspiracy
The government secured tho defeat of
the motiou by a majority of only thirty
f-ix, and tho defeat is almost as good for
Lilieral purposes as a victory. Tho mo
tive for amending the law i the decision
of the recorder of Plymouth that a
strike for the purpose of compelling em
ployers not to employ other perspns is
illegal, and renders all persons engaged
in it liable to prosecution as criminal
conspirators and subject to fine or im
prisonment. The complaint was brought by a coal
merchant who employed non-union men,
and whose union hands were called out
on that account. The union secretaries
were prosecuted and tho recorder fined
them each 20. The recorder's decision
is far reaching, and, until the law is
amended, makes all who strike or pro
mote a strike on account of non-union
hands being employed, guilty of crime.
The workinsnnen are determined that the
law 6hall be amended, and Mr. Robert
son, who represents a workingmen's con
stituency, has made the first move in
that direction, and got Lord Salisbury's
government again committed as opposed
to the working classes.
I !" li. JMMI-.
lilH . f
t AH 1.1".
..-it rxt- i.i'-vrt .a-. -",-, -iit--
:ii'j ;!:. ''V d-.vriV ': e:'i.u :i
rf r .-suite obwi'ii-ii fr-i'i. b
- ..-itnr i'vii . I' 'i ii'rii C
Ot .lines' !;i: Clover T ni.' f ar evee.l
1 1'ivn- It cures dvsp'i-M!H. id 1 -.11
i).:il.. iivcr. ltHi)ri -.c.'j
n'i! !t t m-'vi ,
- -1 -r'. r r . '- 1 i,-- .lM:
.irin 1 1 -. ' . 1
(1-nes -we it-f h' iv s-i-jii- nf pport
-mi - a'. !I ''r. s muni; m-n siii'w.
A Sho; Dressing must restore the bril
liancy of a worn shoe, and at the same time
preserve the softness of the leather.
LADIES will the Dressing you are
using do both ? Try it !
Tour a dessert spoonful of your Dressing
into a saucer or I utter plate, set it aside for
a f;w days, and it will dry to a substance
as hard and brittle as crushed glass. Can
such a Dressing be gocd for leather?
will stand this test and dry as a thin, oily
film which is as flexible as rubber.
25 Dollars rrorth cf New Furniture for
25 Cents. HOVJ? By painting
25 jgtmrs feet of Old Furniture with
c err rnmoym
WOLFF sV RANDOLPH.
27 North rront Street, PHTLADELTTI-l
TJ. S. Gov't Report, Aug. 17, X8S9.
Great Clearing Sale
February 2d to
Will cloe oat a large line of Bed V.ocm and Par.or Sets at cost, slro a pre at a. ty of Oud
Chairs will be soli cheap.
gFDo not miss this opportunity.
Ko. 103, 1C5 and 107 Kaet rwoi;i Si .
H. SIEMON & SON,
toves and fTmre,
PUMPS, ISTJTIliS, &c,
Baxter Banner Cooking and Heatins Stove wl th-; Gecee. Cooking 8tvca.
Tin, Copper and Sheet Iron Work.
ires SECOND AVE.. ROCK ISLAND. H,U
J. B. ZIMMER,
-THE WELL KNOWN-
Star Block, Opposite Harper House.
ha purchased for the
Spring and Summer of 1891
A large rand liner Mock thin ever. Tee tood will arrive la a few dart. Wait and e ilii-a.
Calf Goodyear Welt Shoes?
Tbe best Mcit Cue shoe iu the cty fur the price
8c."nd and Hrrion Sts.
CT. JVC. CHBISTT,
Steam Cracker Bakery,
XAHTTFACT7KIS 01 CXACXIKI AID BISCUIT!.
Aak jour Grocer for them. They bet.
y Specialties; The CkrUty ,,0TT1R and the Christy "WAFEE.
ROCK ISLAND. ILL.
SEIYERS & ANDERSON,
Contractors and Builders,
ALL KINDS OF CABPKNTXR WORK DONE.
sr General Jobbtnx dona on short boUo and tatts faction naraaMd.
Office and 8hop 1413 Fourth Avenue. n0CK ISLA t
ST. JAMES HOTEL,
Corner Twentj-thlrd street and Fourth arenae.
J. T, RYAN, Proprietor.
ThlahoasehasJustbeenreflttlihroo(rhootsndliowliiAo 1 conditio. It 1 sr-' r'-
' PT dT hour and a deslrabla family bole I.
I Xanafactorerof all klclsof
Oent.' Flea Shoes a spicuitr. Repairing done neatly and ntominlf .
ntM r 7 "r paironsjfs eeptf ally solicited.
CONTRACTOR AND BUILDF P t
8hop eornar Twenty-aeeond straet and lnth arenas. Residence tn
STABY, BERGEE & SWELL,
D. t . i'
ROCK ISLAn. II.'-
1818 frWnnd Avenne. R" '
t ThlrtsenU arena.