Newspaper Page Text
THJE AUG lib. THURSDAY, y, 1891.
i s I
THE AUGrCTS .
Psbllihed Daily and Weekly at 1M Second Aro
use, Bock Island, la.
J. W. Potter.
peTannom?"7, 800 Pf """""J Weekly, (3.00
AH comrmniicat'.rms of a eritleal or areumenta-
.e.i?f ,fT!.h.l'e1 ?T, "'Wooe. am hare
,c P"blicUon No each anl
ucles will be printed oyer fictitious signatures
AJ?"T"n eommnnieatioo not noticed
Thubsdat, April , i89i.
Th time between St. Paul and the
Pacific coast by the Northern Pacific rail
way has been reduced to 54 hours.
Hekby Ward Beeches's sU.tu h J.
Q. A. Ward, which is to stand in the
Brooklyn city hall square, has cost f 33..
Gh. Grant died at 3,Sberidan at 66,
Hancock at 63. Meade at 56. Logan 60.
Hooker 60, Thomas 54, Lee 64. Bragg 61.
Pemberton 63, Hardee 53. Pickett 50 and
Gen. Sherman 71.
Look out for the counterfeit $2 eilver
certificates; they carry the portrait of the
late Gen. Hancock on their faces and are
printed upon paper so near like the gen
nine that treasury experts have been de
Peoeia Herald: The irrenresaihln
Yankee is said to have invented a safety
seamless trousers pocket, woven com
plete in one piece, no stitchin or sewinc
being necessary. Now, if he will invent
one that a man's wife can't find when he's
asleep that Yankee wi-1 deserve a monu
ment. Ix Williamstown. Mass., lives a negro
whose claim to be 101 years old does not
constitute the wbolj ot his right to fame.
He was born with an extra hard head and
a horn over an inch in length on the
frontal bone, and unremitting practice
soon made his bram box a terrible weap
on. During the course of his long life
he has killed rams, broken doors.smashed
grindstones and murdered bulls by simply
butting tbem with his awful head.
The corrected returns from the Rhode
Island election show that Gov. Davis'
plurality over Ladd. the republican can
didate, is 1,313, instead of 354 as at first
reported. Last year Gjv. Davis lacked
1,025 of a majority over all, and this year
he comes within 939 of it. The republi
' ctt candidate for governor represents a
minority of 3.526 in the state, which cor
responds. very well, for a small common
wealth, with the 1,300,000 majority in
which the congressional elections left
that party last fall.
Johs Shzbxax is evidently quite will
ing to have Mr. McEialey nominated for
governor of Ohio, and says that if he
shall be "he will be elected by an over
whelming majority." Yet when asked in
the next breath what be thought of Mc
Eider's cbaaces for the next presiden
tial nomination, the veteran senator re
plied: "Young man, I never prophesy
regarding the future I only deal in what
I know to be facta." If it be not indulg
ing in prophecy of a cocksure sort that
would make a weather prophet green with
envy, to assert that Mr. McKioley. or any
other republican, will be electe 1 governor
of Ohio next fall by "an overwhelming
majority." it is at least pure bluff. Ohio
is at best a doubtful state, with the
chances now favoring the democrats .
Students la a Horse Or.
It is seldom tha one student m success
fully get Vke best of another in public bv
practical joking as did a senior in a Fair
Haven horse car. Two devoted chums
boarded the car when only one seat, close to
tne aoor, was vacant. To the amusement of
the spectators, each eloquently but vainly
endeavored to persuade the other to acceDt
the vacant place. Finally they decided to
toss np a penny to settle the matter, stinn.
lating that the loser should Kit down and
' hold the other in his lap. With student
like deliberation they carried out this plan,
and after the toss-up both calmly sat down
on the single seat. Soon the car stopped,
and at the door appeared a handsome young
woman. Instantly the man who had won
the tossing contest of a moment before saw
xus opportunity and made the most of it.
"Won't you please to accept my seat?"
he said softly in his most polite manner to
the maiden, gracefully uncovering his head
ana siowiy rising.
"1 thank you," said the young woman,
blushing, aud apparently pleased by the
student's marked attention, she proceeded
to take the seat.
The other college man had been absorbed
in thought, and so quickly and quietly wa
the action taken that he had not realized
his companion's joke until he found tht
young lady innocently attempting to ap
propriate the place in his lap. Then with
a suave "and take mine, too," that startled
and at first nonplnssed the third party in
the joke, he darted from his seat just in
time to save the young lady from complete
embarrassment. Among those who seemed
most highly amused by the joke, however,
was she who unconsciously bad participat
ed in it. New Haven Cor. New York
A Frank Comment.
Dining one day with the Duchess of
Marlborough, her grace, to Quin's great
surprise, helped herself to the leanest part
of a haunch of venison, which stood near
her. "What!" said Quin, "does your grace
eat no fat?" "Not of venison, sir." "Never,
my lady duchess?" "Never, I assure you."
Too much affected to restrain his genuine
sentiments, the epicure exclaimed, "I like
to dine with such fools." San Francisco
A scheme has been adopted for the re
moval of aand deposited on the railroad
tracks near tho Upper Columbia river by
the frequent sand storms by sluicing it
Into the river by means of water supplied
by a force pump on the river.
: THERMOMETER HABITS.
INTEREST THAT YANKEES SHOW
ABOUT THE MERCURY,
Interesting Facta About the Manafe tnr
' of the Weather Gangers What They
Are Hade Or Why the Marks on tho
Glass Are Eo Arranged.
If you really want to witness a beautiful
and artistic duel of words on the subject of
cold weather, you must get a man 'rora
Northern Vermont and a man from N rth
ern New Hampshire to "swap" w either
experiences. Some objector will at once
say, of course, that neither of these men
know as much about cold weather as t heir
more northern neighbor, the Canadian.
But the implied inference that the Cana
dian could talk more eloquently about low
temperatures than the citizens we save
designated is not founded on fact.
For your Canadian is either so consti
tuted that cold weather is not cold wet ther
to him, or else he is so chilled through by
it that he won't talk about it But who
ever yet knew a Yankee who was nc t in
timately acquainted with all the rossi
bilities of low temperature in his part of
the state and was not willing to back the
record of his thermometer against th it of
any other man?
And talking about thermometers sug
gests the question, "What do you know
about the thermometer's antecederts?"
Very little, probably. The thermometer,
like the weather, is taken as a fact to be
grumbled at, perhapseven to be denoui ced,
but to be accepted, nevertheless. Boon
has always claimed to turn out the best
thermometers, though that claim is r gor
ously disputed by New York and Ealti
more. About seventy years ago nn Id Scotch
man named Pollock began the manufact
ure of fine thermometers in Boston. The mas
Pool, an Englishman, was a rival to him in
the business. Pool had two brothers who
came to this city and began to manufacture
thermometers. The Pools were all ski :if ul
workmen, and they are entitled to the c red
it of making the first high grade t herm me
ters in this country.
THERMOMETEKS IX KEW ENGLAND.
Before thermometers were made in this
country they were imported from France,
Germany and England, and even now great
numbers are imported, generally cheap
grades which can be sold below the rice
of the domest ic article. The higher gr tdes
of European thermometers are no che ipcr
or better than the same grades in this
country, and so they are not imported.
That the New Ecglanders are wea.her
Bharps is proved by the fact that more ther
mometers are sold in New England than
in anv other nart f the Mnnm- i .
parts of the west and south a thermometer
a ramy eeen, tne people naviug little or
no interest in the state of thn imn,-i
But the Yankee, especially in Vennjnt,
New Hampshire and Maine, always w.mts
to look at the thermftmplPF am ., i,
cets no. and tnavbe half a
-ing the day.
swavUa a VUO VI
the marked characteristics of the Yan see.
anu it. nas upon mm much the same s- im
ulating effect that a cocktail has on the
average citizen. After his glance at the
thermometer he goes in to breakfast n a
state of suppressed though joyous excite
ment, feeling that there is at least one t pie
wuvcnwiiuu uai is aosoiutely iresn . lor
thoneh the weather itju-lf 4a r.. .
- 0 w M ,UO
world, the record of the thermomeUr is
The IDertnn in tho rnh of , K.
va H uiiui-
eter is smaller than the finest hair. And
thouffh it aDDearx tn mnnH it i.
w - - J UW, III.
if it were, the mercury could not be easily
seen. It is, therefore, made flat, and then
the glass magnifies it so that it seems t be
Quite large. To brin? it ont still more tio
tinctly, a maker of Boston recently on-
CeiVed the idea of harking the tnKo k
thin film Of whitJRizintr ThUi!.nv,;. . ...
generally adopted by tho foreign maker.
vuij u Keneraiijnseain lnermm
eters because it is more regular in its con
traction and expansion. It is indeed im
possible to make a spirit thermometer t hat
Will be OS trustworthv as nne in ) iVV,
mercury is used. In a mercurial therm i ra
cier the degree marks are all the same dis
tance apart, because the expansion order
all conditions is uniform.
KINDS OF THERMOMETERS.
But in a snH-it tlifirmnmot., t K.
are wider apart at the top, because the ex
pansion increases at a greater ratio aft r n
certain temperature is reached. Though
not so trustworthy, spirit thermometers
are necessary, as mercury freeze at 40 d;-ps.
ucjuw zero, epirus 01 wine is generally
used, and is colored red so that it will be
more visible to the eye.
In a correct thermometer the scale- is
graduated to the requirements of the t ibe
to which it is Gtted, so that every conect
thermometer must have a special seal of
its own. That is to say, it wouldn't do to
put tbe tube of one thermometer in the
frame of another. Of course, in the very
cheap grades of thermometers such ac
curate adjustments are not made, and
therefore their records are only approxi
mately correct. The best thermomtter
tube made will cost about $3; but a ther
mometer may be made to cost almost any
price, according to the way in which i; is
As every one knows, the Fahrenheit
scale is that most commonly used in this
country. Fahrenheit arbitrarily assuned
a limit of cold which he termed zero. Hiis
makes the freezing point 33 degs. abDve
tero, and the boiling point 12 degs. ab ive
rero. As a matter of fact, however, in
northern latitudes the temperature in vi in
ter frequently falls below the zero point, e
that there is no scientific reason why the
zero point in the Fahrenheit scale shoald
be where it is.
A much more scientific scale that
known as the Centigrade, which marks the
point at which water freezes at zero, und
divides the space between that and the
point at which water boils into 100 dt gs.
In the Reaumur scale zero marks the freez
ing point, and eighty above zero theboil
ing point. Many self registering thermom
eters are now used. These instruments
mark the highest or lowest temperat ire
reached, ns the case may be, so that the
weather sharp may return at night feel eg
assured that the weather can play no
pranks without his learning of tbem. K ew
Before Be Was Born.
Young Man (complaining to his baker
of the bread) See here! Your bread's so
hard I can't eat it.
Baker (indignantly) Young chap, I
made bread loug before you was born.
Young Man I don't doubt it, sir, an 1 1
Judge it's some of those same loaves you ve
been selling me. Epoch.
A young woman visited a museum of
natural history, and for the first time in
her life saw a human skeleton. "Di ar
me!" she exclaimed. "How mortifying it
is to think that one will ever look like
thatl It makes me ashamed to be seen!' '
LOOTING GREAT ROOKERIES.
Tons of Eggs en the Fmrallon Islands
Are Stolen by Poachers.
Next to the Bearing sea seal slaughter
there is nothing that concerns California
so closely on the Northern Pacific as the
wholesale pillaging ot the nests of sea
birds on the Faralion islands. It is one of
the ironies of fate that while Great Britain
rigidly protects even the smallest birds on
her own territory during the season, she
does not disdain to lay violent hands on
the mammals of a neighboring friendly
power, and, on the other hand, that friend
ly power, to wit, the United States, looks
calmly on while its wild fowl are decimated
within sight of its shores by aliens and
even by its own citizens.
For it so happens that the sea birds and
land birds which annually visit the Faral
ion group for the purpose of reproducing
their species have a foe to reckon with
whose grasp is as ruthless as it is fatal.
Some idea may be formed of the annual
decimation of California and North Pacific
sea birds when it is stated that 3,000,000 of
eggs were brought into San Francisco
market from the Farallones in four 'years,
and that in an immense majority of cases
the parent birds produced but a single egg
none more than three. Even at the
present time the average import of sea
birds' eggs from the Farallones is 180,000
annually. By courtesy they are called the
eggs of the "murre." As a matter of fact
the true "murre" or "razor bill" is a toler
ably exclusive inhabitant of the seaboard
of the Atlantic ocean north of Cape Henry.
The Faralion rookeries afford, even un
der the existing conditions of rapid depopu
lation and barefaced, unchecked spoliation,
a wonderful example of the prolific power
of nature on the shores of a sub-tropical
land. The principal island the South Fai -allon
on which the lighthouse is situated,
may run short of potable water in every dry
season, but the lighthouse people would
never starve for want of animal food, i
Xeverthek'ss, the birds are gradually de
serting the inlands. The bones ot numer
ous species of Pacific coast birds, rarely or
never seen now, are common in the shelt
ered caves of the group. The various spe
cies of auks, the puffins, the guillemots,
the cormorants, are common, and the plov
ers and petrels still breed on the islands,
but other California birds, once quite fa
milar visitors to the group, have sought
abodes less disturbed by the egg poacher,
tbe orthicoloist and the pot hunter.
Of all the birds on the group the puf
fins are the most picturesque and en
tertaining to the visitor and the orno
thologisu The auk family is, how
ever, the principal contributor to the egg
poacher's wallet. Just as soon as the
"merry month of May" approaches there
is a stir among the small schooners and
sailing craft in San Francisco lwy, and sil
ently, "like a thief in thenight," each skip
per works his way out between the heads
to the "far Farallons." His crew, mostly
composed of Greeks and Italians, with a
liberal sprinkling of water front castaways,
effect a quiet, unperceived landing on the
South Faralion, usually on the Sugar Loaf
rock, to the northwest, because that is the
spot whrre tbe birds breed earliest.
The cliffs are quite rugged, and with a
perpendicular of nearly 130 feet, the sport is
no child's play, and accidents are not infre
quent. Each egg hunter is furnished witji
a shirt of special construction, provided
with an open front for stowing away the
eggs, and a bed of soft seaweed about the
waistband for the eggs to rest on. A good
hand will pick out and get away with 200
eggs a day in this manner. San Francisco
"Memory." said old Fuller, the, snt.hnr
of the "Worthies," who himself possessed
a wonderful nower of reminiscenne. " the
storehouse of the mind, wherein the treas
ures thereof are kept and preserved." It
is unauestionablv trne that, an a m)i
great writers have had memories of more
than ordinary tenacity and range. The
faculty of reminiscence feeds the fires of
the imagination and keens lnH.l ,nH nr.
derly the sequence of philosophic thought.
jiow mucn Aiuton, icr example, profited
b7 his prehensile and trustworthy memo
ry is eviueuu ioi only sucn poems as
"Lycidas," but "Paradise Lost" and "Par
adise Retrained" are studded with trnnsia.
tions or paraphrases of exquisite extract
from the classic poets.
We are told that Pascal never forgot
anything he had seen, heard or thought.
Avicenna could repeat by rote the entire
Koran when ho was 10 years old, and Fran
cis Suarez had the whole of St. Augustine
In his memory. In three weeks Scaliger,
the famous scholar, committed to memory
every line of the "Iliad" and the "Odys
60t" Another scholar, Justus Lipsius,
offered to repeat the "Histories" of Tacitus
without a riistake cn forfeit of his life.
New York. Ledger.
Dimensions of the Colosseum.
The coloseum buiit by Titus, A. D. SO,
is in shnpe an ellipse. Its external circum
ference is r,78 yards, its long diameter 205
yards, its r-hort diameter 1T0 yards. The
arena is t-3 by PS yards, and the height ot
the giganlJc mass is 156 feet. Four stories
remain, the seats being in tiers, and a cal
culation, made from careful measurements,
shows that there were seats for 67,000 spec
tators, while 63,000 more could have found
standing room, thus giving the place a
capacity of 150,000. Only about one-third
of the original structure remains, for the
great building served Rome for ages as a
quarry, but even in its ruins it is one of the
most stupendous monuments of antiquity.
Its foundation would, in length, cover two
city blocks, while its width is equal to one
and one-half, and its height about that ol
the tallest office building. St. Louis Globe
Democrat. Illustrations in Ixrodoa Taper. -It
is known ot the G. P. O. that red en
velopes are used by war artists to send
Lome their rough sketches, and on the re
ceipt of each mail tho official at once picks
out tho red envelopes and hands them to
the representative of The Graphic or News.
The sketches are then carried to the mana
ger of the paper, who sends them out by
fast cabs to bis artists for redrawing. It
sometimes happens that the artist is at
work within an hour of the delivery of the
mails at St. Martin's le Grand. London
Highest of all in Leavening Power.
How She Calc'lated.
A mathematical brain, or as some people
say, "a good head tor riggers," is a con
venient thing to possess. But there is one
old lady in a Massachusetts town who evi
dently does not set a high value on her rep
utation in this respect, thongh she no doubt
considers herself a good "calc'later," not
withstanding. She keep small crockery shop, the only
one in the place. Her stock is limited,
both as to quality and quantity, but her
customers never find fault. "Aunt Judy,"
they say, "is so obliging!''
One day a stranger in the 'town was at
tracted by a placard above some glass tum
blers in her shiny show window. "Eight
cents apiece, a dollar a dozen."
"That strikes me as rather queer." he
said to himself, and walked into tbe shop.
Aunt Judy regarded him affably over her
spectacles as she sat rozking behind tbe
counter, and rose at once.
"Is there anything you'd like, sir?" she
"Why." said the gentleman. "I thought
I'd like to ask about those tumblers out
there in the window, now does it happen
that they're more expensive to buy by the
dozen than singly? When I was a school
boy, twelve times eight was ninety-six," he
added in a jocose tone.
So it was in my day," said Aunt Judy,
with some severity of tone; "but I keep
those tumblers, young man, to accommo
date, and the disappointin a customer who
might come in for anextry tumbler, havin
broke one, after I'd sold the whole dozen
to one person, is more expense than four
cents to tne. sir!" and she seated herself in
her rocking chair with the air of a penton
who made a telling point. Youth's Com
panion. Bigger Salaries Needed.
"If any provide not for las own he U
worse than an infidel," even if he neglects
his family to make laws or to interpret
them for his country. A man who is de
pendent upon what he earns, and who can
earn ?10,000 or $15,000 or 30,000 a year out
side of congress, is going to think twice be
fore he sacrifices that income for a salary on
which he cannot have a home in the city
where he must live more than half the time,
and cannot give his children the education
which be had planned for them. And if he
thinks twice, the chances are greatly
against his going to Washington, or tying
himself down to an even smaller salary if
he be a lawyer and the path opens for him
to him a seat in the federal court.
The present system operates to fill con
gress with men whose wealth is so great
that the size of the salary is a matter of in
difference. The tendency to elect to the
senate and house men who are rich, and
who would never have been thought of for
such offices except for their riches, is al
ready so strong as to be alarming, and yet
the nation coes on year after year neglect
ing one perfectly obvious way to resist it.
Make the salary of a congressman laree
enough for one to live as well at the close
of the century as a senator or representa
tive lived at its beginning, and seats which
now often go without a contestto unnuali-
Ced millionaires will again be sought by
men wno are capabla or rendering the best
service to the state. Century.
Five Classes of China Teas.
The green teas cf China are divided (ntt
five Classes. Which take their nsmea
the districts in which they are grown, being
luuwq as aioyune, l ienke, r ychow, Tai
ping and Pingsuey. Of these the quality
ranges in the order given, and only the
Moynne and Tienke are considered first
class, all of the others, however handsome
in appearance, furnishing beverages of in
ferior flavor. The Moyune is o two kinds.
Nankin and Packeong, the former being
the more valuable; in fact Nankin Moynne
may be said to stand at the L .ad of all
green teas. No coloring is used; the leaves
are small, bright green and perfect.
The Tienke is very pleasing in appear
ance, the leaves being of a silver green
hue, and the beverage is light in color,
with a pungent flavor, but not so rich and
fragrant as the Moynne. The other varie
ties are largely sold for "mixing," and are
never offered in their true character for
first class teas. The Pingsuey green teas
are of so poor a quality that their importa
tion, either into this country or Great
Britain, is forbidden by law. Good House
keeping. Diet for a Dealt!. y Man.
A wholesome diet in grxd health for a
man of business, who walks a fairdistance,
or indulges in some equivalent out door
exercise, would bo abundant and palatable,
inviting in appearance and accompanied
by plenty of pure, cool water, lemon and
orangeade, the juicy fruits and salads, tho
succulent vegetables, m?a; and vegetable
soups, beef and mutton preferably boiled
or roasted sea fish, clams, oysters, game,
poultry, digestible sweets and tea, coffee,
cocoa or chocolate in moderation. Frozen
ices and creams eaten moderately, when
the system is not overheated, are "refresh
ing and nutritious. Whole wheat bread,
baked potatoes, milk, cream and new
cheese, new laid eggs, either boiled or
poached, will complcto an ideal dietary for
a healthy man who uses his brain rather
than his muscular powers. Harper's Ba
zar. A ritinble Case.
Amy It seems strango to me that you
and Mr. Linger have never married, or at
least become engaged. He seems devoted
Mabel If it wasn't for that unfortunate
impediment in his speech we might have
been engaged by this time.
Amy I know he stutters dreadfully; but
I wouldn't reject him on that account if I
were you. He's a good hearted young man,
and would make a good busband.
Mabel Oh. it Un't my fault.
Amy Then what is the trouble?
Maliel It's this way. He ha3 begun to
propose five or six times, but he is so slow
about it on account of bis stuttering that
some one always comes in before ho gets
through and interrupts him, and I think
he is discouraged now. Harper's Bazar.
The only eorrpJexion powder in the
world that is wiihou. vulgarity.' without
injurs to the user, and without doubt a
purifier, is Pozzoni's.
U. S. Gov't Report, Aug. 17, 18S9.
J. B. ZIMMER,
THE WKLL KNOWN
jVl erchant Tailor,
Stas Block, Opposite Haepkr House.
ha purchased for the
Spring and Summer of 1891,
A larger and 8ner stock than ever. These foods will arrive in a few days. Wait and see them.
H. SIEMON & SON,
Baxter Banner Cooking and Hcatin? Siiv6 and tho Genesen Cooking Stoves
Tin, Copper and Sheet Iron Aork.
1508 SECOND WE., ROOK ISLAND, ILL.
ggg, ygfei tjOjg -
Calf Goodyear Welt Shoes?
The best Mez'e nneehoe in the city for the price.
STABY, BEEGER & SNELL,
Ser-3nd and Harrison Sis. Davenport.
Steam Cracker Bakery,
AJTOrACTTTKIB 07 CKACXIKS AXS BUCTHTi.
Ask jour Grocer for them. They ve best.
ar8pedalt!s Th Christy "0TST1R" and the Christy "WWII"
ROCK ISLAND. ILL.
SEIVERS & ANDERSON,
Contractors and. Bu.ild.ers,
AIlL KXND8 or oabpkntkb wobk donx.
CT General Jobbing done em short notice and satisfaction guaranteed.
Office and Shop 1413 Fourth Avenue. ROCK ISLAND ILL.
Agency for Excelsior
-,, . r f .
Cheaper than Shixgles.
8oad for circular. Telephone
GEORGE SCHaFER, Proprietor.
101 Second Avenue. Corner of Sixteenth Stree - Opposite Harper's Theatre.
The choicest Wines, Liquors, Beer and Cigars always on Hand
Fres Lunch Every Day .... Sandwiches Furnished on Short So
B. F. DeGEAB,
Contractor and Builder,
Office and Shop Corner Seventeenth St.
and Seventh Avenue,
"All kines of carpenter work a specialty.
ST. JAMES HOTEL,
Corner Twenty-third street and Focrth arenue, .... BOCK ISLASD, ILL.
J. T. RYAN, Proprietor.
This bouse hi.s Just been refitted thronphout sod Is now in A No. 1 condition. It is a first-class
J 1.00 per d ay bouts and a desirable f amily hotel.
Manufacturer of all kinds of
BOOTS AND SHOES
Genu' Fine Shoes a specialty. Repairing done neatly and promptly.
A share of you patronage ret pectfully solicited.
1613 Second Avenue, Roek Island, Ti.
CONTRACTOR AND BUILDER,
Bbop corner Twenty-second street
t3BTs prepared to mass sstimatr and do all
T. II. ELLIS. Rock Island. HI.
10 - 36. Cor. Fourteenth St and Second Ave
Plans and estimates for ali kind ot olldlns
and Ninth avenue. Residence 2983
kinds of earpentcr work. Cirs hint a trial.