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THifi AKGUa WEDNESDAY. APiilL, 15. 1891,
WOES OF THE WEST
' i- t
Opening of. the Congress at
AN IP0ETAT MOVE INAUGURATED
Twenty-Fire Stat' and Territories Rrp.
rciented at a Gathering to Discuss the
Agricultural Depression and It Causes
and Remedies Frrtldrut Harrisou
Sends a Letter Expressing His Views
On Political Kconomjr and the Currency
Qnestlon First Day's Work in Ilrlet.
Kassas Citv, April 15. At noon yes
terday the first wtstern commercial con
gress was called to order in Coates' opera
house, in this city, with delegates present
from twenty-five states western and
southern and territories. The states
represented were California, Washington,
Idaho, Colorado, New Mexico, Wyoming,
Montana, Kansas, Iowa, Nebraska, Mis
souri, Minnesota, Wisconsin, Michigan,
Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, Kentucky, Ten
nessee, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana,
Georgia, Texas, and Oklahoma. The del
egations ate composed mainly of business
men appointed by the governors of the
various states, with a fair proportion of
members of legislatures.
A Suggestive Incident.
A suggestive incident of the opening of
the congress was that when John C.
Wigkliffe, one of the leaders of the mob
that massacred the Italians at Xew Or
leans, was sej-n on the platform, he -was
greeted with vigorous applause. State
Senator Kelly, of Kansas, called the con
vention to order, and in the temporary or
ganization Kelly was chosen chairman.
He delivered a long address of acceptance,
and laid all the blame for agricultural de
pression upon a too small circulating me
dium. As a relief, he suggested the free
coinage of silver; the raising of silver
money to the standard of gold.
Governor Francis Makes a Speech.
Governor Francis, of Missouri, then
welcomed the delegates. He referred to
the depression in agriculture, and said
that different causes were assigned there
for, but whatever the cause the depres
sion existed, and a remedy was neces
sary. Heretofore federal legislation had
been in the interests of the east. Con
gress had leu favorable to the creditor
class, atid the west was a heavy debtor. It
was uecessnry now for the west to stand
together, and there were inauy things
that the west desired, in the advocacy of
which it should be unanimous, earnest
and persistent. The west wanted free
trade with Mexico, Canada aud South
America and with all the countries of
the world. The west wanted the Missis
sippi couuected with the great lakes. It
wanted improved waterways. It wanted
an international railway, so that one
could step "on a vest ibule train at Kansas
City and step off it at Buenos Ayres. It
wanted a fuller volume of curreucy.
After a few more speeches recess was
taken to 8 p. m.. when there was some
trouble with the credentials, which was
finally smoothed over, and the perma
nent organization committee reported
the following officers, who were duly
elected: Chairman, Governor D. R.
Francis, of Missouri; secretary. John W.
Springer, of Illinois; vice presidents, one
from each state. Francis took the chnir
and made a short speech, and then letters
were read from gentlemen who had been
invited to aitnud but could not accept the
PRESIDENT HARRISON'S LETTER.
Bis Opinion on Disputed Points Given at
The first one of these letters read was
from President Harrison. The president
first acknowledges the receipt of an in
vitation to attend the congress, expresses
his regret that it will not be possible for
him to attend, and then proceeds as fol
lows: "A public discussion of the condi
tions affecting agricultural and business
prosperity cannot but be helpful, if it is
conducted on brond lines and is hospita
ble to differences of opinion. The extra
ordinary development of production of
agriculture which has taken place in are
cent period in this country, by reason of
the rapid enlargement of the area of till
age under the favoring land laws of the
United State, very naturally has culled
attention to tl.e value, and, iudeed, the
necessity of larger markets.
Advocates a Home Market.
"I am one of those who believe that a
home market is necessarily the best mar
ket for the producers, as it measurably
releases him, in proportion to its near
ness, from the exactions of the transpor
tation companies. If the farmer conld
deliver his surplus produce to the con
sumer out of his farm wagon, his inde
pendence and profits would be larger and
surer. It seems to me quite possible to
attain a largely increased market for our
staple farm products without impairing
the borne market by opening the manu
facturing trades to a competition in
which foreign producers paying a lower
scale of wages would have the advantage.
A policy that would reduce the number of
onr peopie eugnged in mechanical pur
suits, or tiimiuish their ability to pur
chase food products by reducing wages,
cannot be helpful to those now engaged in
Tilings Muy He Too Cheap.
"The farmer insist that the prices of
farm predjets have been too low below
the point of 'air living aud fair profits. I
think so, too; ; but I venture to remind
tuem that tlia ,pie:i they make involves
the concession that things may be too
cheap. A ecus may be too cheap as well
as corn. The farmer who claims a goou
living nnd profits for his work should con
cede the same to every other man and
woman who toils, look with great con
fidence to tiiu c ompletion of further recip
rocal tra(ie arrangements, especially with
the Central and South Americau state,
as furnishing new and lnrge markets for
meats, breadstuff s, aud an important line
of mauufactured products.
Enlarging Our Market for Meats.
"Persistent and earnest efforts are ulso
bing made, and a considerable measure of
success has already been attained, to se
cure the removal of restrictions which we
have regarded ns unjust upon the admis
sion and use of our meats and live cattle
in some of the European countries. I look
with confidence to a successful termina
tion of the pending negotiations, because
I cannot but assume that when the abso
lutely satisfactory character of the sani
tary inspections now provided by our law
is mode known to these foreign states,
they will prutnptly relax their discrimi
nating regulations. No effort and none
fit the powers vested in the execntive will
be left unused to secure an endwhiel is
' t The Great Qaestlon of Currency.
"Yonr deliberations will probably alsc
embrace the consideration of the quesi ion
of the volume and character of onr cur
rency. It will not be possible, and would
not be appropriate, for me in this letter tc
enter upon any elaborate discussion ol
these questions. One or two things I will
say; and first, I believe that every pei sob
who thoughtfully considers the question
will agree with me upon a proposii ion
which is at the base of all my consid n-a-tion
of the currency question; namely,
"that any dollar, paper or coin, that is is
sued by the United States, must be m de
and kept in its commercial uses as g )od
as any other dollar.
No Danger In Good Money.
"So long as any paper money issued or
authorized by the United States govern
ment is accepted in commercial use
as the equivalent of the best coined dollar
that we issue, and so long as every coil ed
dollar, whether of silver or gold, is as
sured of an equal value in commercial use,
there need be no fear as to an excess . of
money. The more such money the 1 et
ter. But on the other hand, when an issue
of paper or coined dollars is, in buying
and selling, rated at a less value than
other paper or coined dollars, we hrve
passed the limit of safe experiment in
finance. If we should have dollars of c if
ferent values, only the poorest will cirt u
Iate. A Cheap Dollar Had for Farmers.
"The farmer and the laborer who t re
not in hourly touch with the ticker or tie
telegraph, will require, above all othar
classes of our community, a dollar of fell
value. Fluctuations and depreciatio is
are always at the first cost ot -these
classes ot our community. The banker
and the speculator anticipate, discoui t,
and often profit by such fluctuations. It
is very easy under the impulse of excite
meut or the stress of money stringency to
fail into the slough of a depreciated or ir
redeemable currency. It is a very paia
ful and slow business to get out wh n
Opposed to Silver Monometallism.
"I have always believed, and do new
more than ever believe in bimetalism, ai d
favor the fullest use ot silver in connec
tion with our curreucy that is compatible
with the maintenance of the parity of the
gold and silver dollar in their commercial
uses. Nothing in my judgment would c
much retard the restoration of the frte
ne of silver by the commercial nations f
the world as legislation adopted by ns
that would result in placing this country
upon a basis of silver mouometalism.
Effect or Recent Legislation.
The legislation adopted by the first ses
sion of the Fifty-first congress I was as
sured by leading advocates of free coil..
age, representatives of the silver state.',
would promptly and permanently briny
silver to 129 per ounce and keep it thert.
That Anticipation has not been realized.
Our larger use of silver has apparently,
and for reasons not yet agreed upon, di
minished the demand for silver in China
No Attempt at Argnment.
''la view of the fact that it is impossi
ble in this letter to elaborate, and that
the propositions can only be stated, I an.
aware that what I have said may be as
sailed in points where it is easily defensi
ble, but where I have not attempted to
present the argument. I have not before,
excepting in an official way, expressed
myself on these subjects, but feeling the
interest, dignity and importance of the as
semblage in whose behalf you speak, 1
have ventured, without bigotry of opin
ion, without any assumption of infai.i
bility, but as an American citizen hav
ing a most earnest desire that every indi
vidual and every public act of my life
shall conduce to the glory of onr country
and the prosperity of all our people, to
submit these views for your considera
tion. Very respectfully,
From Secretary Kusk and Others.
Secretary Rusk devoted a letter to sug
gesting that the subjects of transporta
tion, markets and federal and state sta
tistics be made the pivotal subjects of dis
cussion, and dwelt at length upon the ne
cessity of obtaining the removal of pro
hibitions placed by foreign countries on
the live stock products of this country.
He called especial attention to the neces
sity of making the purity of our products
beyond cavil or doubt. Senator Peffer, of
Kansas, wrote in favor of a combination
of the interests of the west and south, and
called attention to the fact that west
ern products had to make a long and
costly journey by rail to the eastern sea
board, when the route by the Mississippi
and the southern coast was much cheaper.
Ex-Senator Farwell, of Illinois, wrote that
the principal cause of the calling the con
vention was the accumulation of capital
in individual hands, and unwise legisla
tion by congress to prevent this by im
practicable supervision. He said that
capital invested in railways had suffered
more than that invested in farms. After
the reading of the letters the congress ad
journed for the day.
The Chicago Drainage Canal.
Springfield, Ills., April 15. A joint
session of the senate and house commit
tees on canals and rivers'was bel 1 jester
day to listen to remarks by a number ol
gentlemen interested in the proposed
Chicago drainage canal. Bepresentative
Whitehend, of Cook, though the enter
prise wus costing too much money. !?en
utor Bell, of Peorin, argued against the
repeal of the bill authorizing the work.
Senator Allen spoke in favor of repeal,
while Judge Garnsey, of Joliet, and ex
Congressman Cullen, of Ottawa, favored
letting the bill stnnd. A. J. Ward, a
civil engineer of Marseilles, also opposed
repeal. The matter was postponed to the
next meeting of the committee.
The Chicago Mayoralty Count.
Chicago, April 15. The election com
missioners yesterday canvassed the re
turns on mayor from eight wards. Little
difference from the police returns was
found in any until the Seventh precinct
of the Ninth ward was reached and here
it was discovered that the police had
given Cregier Washburne's vote and vice
versa. The correction of this made a guln
of 104 votes for Washbnrne. The Demo
crats, however, said they knew this be
fore, and continue to assert that the count
will elect Cregier.
Made the Opera Ridiculous.
: Minneapolis, April 15. The comic
opera company now playing at the Ly
ceum theatres last night, in deference to
the Mc Hale bill, wore bloomers and pro
duced "The Chimes of Normandy." There
was a packed house present to witness
the innovation nud the effect was decided
ly startling t.ud ridiculous. Many mem
bers of the legi i ; tu re were present by in
vitation, and some of them bewailed the
fact that so many shapely figures were
concealed by the outlandish toggery.
A Prominent St. Louis Business
victim; of wheat speculations.
lie Drops SSO.OOO or So in the Business
and Then Goes Out of Sight and Bear
ing as Though the Earth Bad Swal
lowed H Ira Snicide Apprehended by
Bis Friends and Indications That They
Are Correct in Their Fears.
St. Loctb, Mo!, April 15. Page Mc
Pherson, a member of the firm of McPher
son, Switzer & Co., stock, bond, and
grain brokers at 208 North Third street,
and who belongs to one of the oldest and
most aristocratic families in the state, is
missing. The firna is the St. Louis cor
respondent of W. G. McCormick & Co., of
Chicago. Mr. McPherson was heavily in
debt and unable to meet his obligations.
In fact, he has been in financial straits for
some time, and had borrowed everything
from his friends that they were able or
willing to loan him. When called upon
by one of his creditors to pay uo he was
unable to do so. lie had exhausted his
resources. There was no one left to
whom he could turn for financial aid.
He left home Friday and has not been
He Speculated in Wheat.
There was a good deal of excitement on
the mining exchange when the news of
McPherson's disappearance became gen
erally known. McPherson was treasurer
of the exchange and had in his possession
securities to the amount of $3,500 belong
ing to it. President Mullally went to the
Missouri Trust company, where McPher
son had a private box, in which the ex
change securities were supposed to be
kept. . The box was forced open and
found to be empty. Mcpherson's trouble
is dne to speculation in wheat, he having
been on the bear side for months. One
man who knows him well places his losses
at $o(i. 000.
Borrowed Twenty Thousand Dollars.
To meet the demands made upon him he
has borrowed sums from various persons,
the aggregate of which is about fJO.OXX
Thursday McPherson called at the office
of Bauer Bros, and informed A. P. Bauer
that he would leave for Chicago that even
ing or Friday morning. At 8:20 a. m. Friday
Page left his bouse, and ten minutes later
he telephoned to Switzer.his partner, that
he would be a little late getting down, as
there were come parties he wished to see.
As he did not tome down at all that day
a note was sent out to the family Satur
day by Mr. Switzer, which revealed the
fact that Mr. McPherson had not been
home since Friday morning, and that his
family was very much distressed over his
Has He Committed Suicide
The revolver which he always kept in
his room was missing, and another re
volver which he always kept in the vault
at his office was gone. As McPherson
never carried weapons, this fact was re
garded by his friends and relatives as
significant of self-destruction. He had
spoken very despondently to Frank Ross,
a broker with whom be had ridden out in
the street cars Thursday evening on his
way home from the office, and his manner
Friday morning was peculiar. One of his
friends says be has not a doubt that it is a
case of suicide.
Was a Member of the "100. "
McPherson was given considerable no
toriety in a social way in the winter of
18S9-91) by his connection with the Cinder
ella club, and extremely exclusive organ
ization which became known as "McPber
son's One Hundred," after Ward McAllis
ter's Four Hundred. The membership of
the clnb was limited to 100 and
only members of the most exclusive and
aristocratic families of npper-tendom
were invited to join it. McPherson was
secretary of the club and his name was
the only one appended to the notices sent
out by the organization. The organiza
tion was ridiculed to such an extent that
it disbanded after giving one season's en-'
GERMAN PRINCESSES IN RUSSIA.
Their Husbands Either Lunatics or Brutea
The Crar's I'etty Jealousy.
London, April 15. A Berlin dispatch
says that the czar has shown his petty
jealousy of the beautiful Grand Duchess
Vladimar, wife of his eldest brother, by
ordering that the lady shall not be per
mitted hereafter to take part with her
husband in reviews of the troops. The
motive for this order is the persistence of
the grand duchess, who belongs to the
German house of Mecklenburg, in adher
ing to her religious faith. The czarina is
also said to be somewhat jealous of her
sister-in-law's influence. It is said that
the kaiser meditates a remonstrance to
Russia en the treatment of the German
princesses connected with the imperial
family, whose husbands, with perhaps
two exceptions, are either lunatics or
Let the Warship Go Through.
Constantinople, April :5. The Turk
ish authorities at the Dardanelles stopped
a Russian war vessel from going through
the strait', but upon the Russian minis
ter protesting, allowed the vessel to pro
ceed. The treaty of Berlin prohibits
warships passing the straits without
Turkey's consent. The vessel in question
was laden with material for construction
of the trans-Siberitn railroad and li
bound for Vladivostock.
Wisconsin Autl-Trust Bill.
Madison, Wis. April 15. The bouse
yesterday ordered to third reading a
sweeping anti trust bill which provides a
One of 4,030 or imprisonment for a year,
or both, for violation thereof. The bill
permitting the Wisconsin Central to en
:er Milwaukee through a tunnel was re
plied. It was passed Monday. Later it
.vas agaiu passed. The senate passed a
i till appropriating $50,000 for an intertne
Mrs. Balford Seriously I1L
Washington Citt, April 15. Mrs. Hal
lord, the wife of Private Secretary Hal
lord, who recently returned to Washing
ton City from Florida in ill-health, was
I eported late last night seriously ilL Her
: riends and physicians feel much alarm
i bout her.
A Historic Building Destroyed.
Lawjuesck, Kan., April 15. The "Old
3 im Lane" building, one mile north ot
I ere, noted as being the only surviving
r jlic of the noted leader, Gen. James
lane, was burned to the ground Saturday
night. . ,
Another wonderful diecoTery baa
been made, and that, too by a lady in
this country. Disease fastened its
clutches upon her and for seven years she
withstood its severesta tests, but her vital
organs were undermined and death
seemed imminent. For three months she
coughed incessantly and could not sleep.
She bought of us a bottle of Dr. King's
New Discovery for consumption and was
so much relieved on taking the first dose
that she slept all night, and with one
bottle has been miraculously cured. Her
name is Mrs. Luther Lutz." Thus write
W. C. Hamrick & Co., of Shelby, N. C.
Get a free bottle at Harts & Babcsen's
GOLD 1SSAL, TASIS, 1873.
I. Baker & Co.'s
from which the excess of
oil has been removed, is
and it is Soluble,
are used in its preparation. It has
tnor than three times the strength of
Cocoa mixed with Starch, Arrowroot
or Sugar, and is therefore far more
economical, costing less than one cent
a cup. It is delicious, nourishing,
strengthening, easily digested,
and admirably adapted for invalids
as well as for persons in health.
Sold by Grocers everywhere.
W. BAKER & CO., Dorchester, Mass.
lis. HruH keys' Srsxnncs are scientifically and
carefully prepared prescriptions ; used for mimr
yt-are In private practice with so.ccess.ana' for over
thirty yarsusl by the people. Every sliutle Spe
cific is a special care for tbe disease named.
Thee 8 pec i tics cure without drugging, pu -lna:
or reducing the system, and are in fact and
deed the saveretca resnedlesaf ttseWorld.
Usr or nunctrat. bos. ctres. raicm.
1 Fevers, Congestion. Inflammation ..
S Warms, Worm iever. Worm Colic .
Cry-ins- Colic, or Teething of Infanta
4 Diarrhea, of Children or Adults....
5 Dysentery. tirlplng.BUlo'isCoUc-..
Cholera M orbos. vomiting
7 Couch. Colli, bronchitis
S Neuralgia, Toothache, Faceache
9 lleada.hes, sick Headache, Vertigo
10 Dyspepsia, BUlons stomach
11 oppressed or Palnfal Periods.
; (reap, Co turn. Difficult Breathing
?nlt Khean. Erysipelas, Krumiuu
theaaiatism. Rheumatic Pains..
vv nil rn, n . riviure iniww
Fever and A gap. ChlUs,alaiaris.
flies, imna or uieeuinK
Cntarrh, lnfluenia, CoM In tbe Head .30
i Whaaptng Cengh, Violent Couvhs. .50
General Kobllin ,1 hjetcal Weakness .39
Kidney Diseaoe .5
i Nerveos Debility l.QQ
i Vrisary Wriknrn, TVettlng Ped. .50
: Diseases fihelleart.l'aipluUonl.OO
Sold by Drugglow. or sent postpaid on receipt
of price. Dr. HrmrHBiYs' Mavt sl, (144 pages)
richly bound In cloth and goKI. mailed free.
HTJMPHBETS' MEDICINE CO.,
Cor. William and John Streets, New Tore.
BEST AND CHEAPEST
tyThe only Faint House in the city .
R. M. WATT,,
1618 Third Avenue.
With the wonderful remedy,
SERI ESEKBS." A posi
tive cure for Weak Memory,
Varm of Krain Power. Sightly
Kmifmions. Loft Manhood.
Nervones. all drains and
il Tv"i T i loss of power, in elthersei,
jfV,. 1 V, rawed by youthful errors.
-X-a" s or excessive use of tobacco.
lead to old are and InsanitT. KR VE F.KI OO-H5
Lake St- Chieaca. II snr tax. aaatpai d. far aft.
For sale In Bock Island by Harts Bahnsen,
Third srenne and Twentieth street
UNLlKfc TEA & COFFEE
The claims of cocoa as a useful article of diet are steadily
winning recognition. Unlike tea and coffee, it is not onlv a
stimulant but a nourisher; and it has the great advantage of
leaving no narcotic effects. Hence it is adapted to general
use. The strong may take it with pleasure, and the weak
with impunity. ,
VflB HOUTEH'S SOCOA
BEST & GOES FARTHEST."
y-TiX Ho TVs Cocoa ("once tried, sin-ays nsed" leaves no injurious effects on tho
nervous srstcia. It is no wonder, therefore, that in all parts of the world, this ini,,r;
Cocoa is recommended by medical mri Instead at tea nnd coCeo or other
cocoas or chocolates tor dally nsc-by ehlldrca or n" ts, :-.lc nntl sick, rich
pr. mipest saie in ins worm. -
) TH E POSITIVE "CURE. ipl
in. I ELY BROTHERS. 66 Warren St, New York. Price 60 et. I y- 53f
& PLUMBER, STEAMi
CHAS. W. TERBURY, Manager.
Successor to Adamson & Ruick,
J 1 ' jbT"
Shop Nineteenth St., bet.
General Jobbing and Repairing promptly done.
"Second Hand Machinery bought, sold and repaired.
INCORPOEATKD UHDKB TUB TUB STATU LAW. , ; 1X r w a
. Roek Island Savings Bank,n
ROOK ISLAND, ILL.,
Open daily f rota 9 a. m. to 4 p. m., and Saturday ereninge from 7 to 8 o'clock.
Five per cent interest paid on Deposits. Money loaned on Personal, Col
lateral, or Real Estate Security
X. P. REYNOLDS, Free. T C. DKSKMANN, Vice-Pros. j. M. BUFORD, Cashier.
F. L. Mitchell, S. P. Reynolds, F. C. Denkmann. John Crabaogh. C. F. Lnde,: '
J. J. Relmers, L. Simon, B. W. Hurst, J. M . Boiord.
JacKaoa Hub st. Solicitors,
0TW1U be pin bnslnes July 8, 1890, and will occupy banking room with Mitchell A Lynda
until new bank is camoletcd,
Proprietor of the Brady Street
AH kinds of Cnt Flowers constantly on hand.
One block north of Central Park, the largest
House and Sign Painter.
First-class Q raining and Paper Hanging.
P. Box 672.
We are opening toe most complete line of Hardware specialties ever offered In Beck
Island beside onr regular ?'oct ot staple and builders' Hardwa
and Vi-clisnlcV tools.
Poeket, Table Kitchen Cutlery,
Nails, Steel Goods, Tinware, Stoves, Etc.
SPECIALTIES Climax Cooks and Ranges, 'Florida and Wilber Hot Water Beaten
florlda Steam Boilers, Pasteur Germ Proof Filters, Economy Fn aces, Tla
and Sheet Iron work, PlombiDg, Coppersmlthlng and Steam Fitting.
f BAKER & HOUSMAN,
T- r: . ' . . 1823:Second avenue, Rock Island.
94 fWAWWWrWWWJiaMs.., .
- GOOD FOR THE NERVES. '
Ask tor t an koctes s and m. . alh'r.
AND DEALER IS
Wrought and Cast Iron and Lead Pip
Hose, Packing, Sewer and Drain Tile.
Steam and Gas Fixtures.
t&Best work at fair prices. Estimates furnished
Office and shop 219 13th St. Telephone 11S2.
Rock Island, 111.
T?.nr1r T1nr. Til
v w a. ,jawavIi Aaa
First and Second Avenue,
1 riower store
SOi Brady Street, Davenport, Iowa.
Shop Fourth Ave. bet. 31 et and 23d St.
. .ii'.O-.rrfo. '