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TELE ABGUa THURSDAY, APiiiL 10; 1X91.
THE AUG US .
Published l lj acd Wcrkly at 1821 Second Ar
enac, Rock IrUcd, 11L
J. w. Potter, -
Trot Daily, 50c per mocth ; Weekly, f 3 00
All eonsicnTiieatfoES of a critical or arromecta
tlT character, political or religions, lean have
ml nam attached for pablication So ich arta
ticle will be printed orer flcv.tiooa rgaatnret
ADocrnoQa communication not noticed.
Corrrpmidne solicited from every township
I Hock Island coanty.
Thursday, April 16. 1891.
The Jfew York legislature u intending
to ipend $5,0CO.00O on improving the
roads throughout the state.
Ikdiaxapolis Sentinel: Bulldozer
Reed is in Italy. If Humbert will oelr
keep bits all will be forgiven.
Casal building is coming into vogue.
A ship canal to connect Vtnice with the
ocean to be 170 miles long is to be built:
it will be 249 feet wide, having T3 locks,
and cost t26O.0OO.CCO.
St. Loom Republic: The only thing
officially settled in connection with the
Chicago election is that, with the possible
exception of Ben Butler, Carter Harrison
is the meanest ingrate in American poli
tics. Ix St. Louis the otber day a justice
units i in marriage two Turks and a Hun
garian and Turk. All were lovers in the
old world, but religious differences pre
vented their marriage, eo they came to
The president of Chili is dividing his
time between outlawing traitors and try
ing to keep them from catching him.
The poor fellow is having a troublesome
time of it in his experiment with Mr.
Quay's Mailed Hand policy.
The New York Herald starts the pro
cession for the sea (bore to the following
Tbe iLt-r girl for months has reigned,
tint cow ber beauty waxes dim ;
Eer power is waning, toon she'll find
That she matt either bid or twim.
Canton. (O.,) News Democrat: "Car
ter Harmon is no colder dead than a
last year's bird nest. Next tear tbe peo
pie will lay out another, and smaller csli
bered Harrison. The Harmm fanvly
Ecrope'b popWtion on January 1 was
880,200.000. The population of each of
the other continents was estimated to be
as follows: Asia, S50.000.f00; Africa,
127,000.000; Australia, 4.730. 000; North
. : Oft ft 1 1 o - . 1- . o t
n.iuerjc,o;,JV,uw; ctiuiu America, oo,
420.000; polar regions, 300.000. The
total would thus be 1.7S7.600.000.
PcCTCAL Natcbe. tired apparently of
wailing for vernal warmth, has begun to
push forward ber buds and flowers in ac
cordance with the calendar without special
reference to the weather. More power
to her forces! If "winter never rots in
the sky," neither does spring ever rot in
A bill has been introduced in the
Illinois lecsslature providing for tbe es
tablishment of a kindergarden depart-
ent in any scuool managed by a board
f directors, for the instruction of chil
dren from four to six years old. to be paid
for in tbe same manner as other grades
and departments in the public schools of
Tbe fair ban joist has struck a new
fad which she proposes to pursue until
her instrument is all aglow with flutter
ing souvenirs. Each one of the silken
ribbons displays at one end the mono
gram of tbe giver, sometimes embroider
ed and sometimes stamped in gold. These
are frequently presented by tbe young
belle's masculine friends, thus reversing
the order of things the young woman
wearing her adorer's colors. It is path
etic to watch the embarrassment of tbe
color-blind young man when he discov
ers that he has presented his lady love
with a ribbon as green as the Emerald
Isle under tbe impression that it was a
divine blue, which is so symbolic of fidel
ity. Looe how tbe McKinley law has killed
our cattle trade with Mexico! During the
fiscal year 1890, the importations at El
Paso were 14.904 heuA of cattle, valued
at f 82,836, and the total importations of
this from Mexico were 10,798 head valued
at $100,439- Since the new law increase
ing the dnty from 20 per cent ad valorem
to $10 per head went into effect in Octo
ber last, but four bead have been im
ported, and the secretary of tbe treasury
has therefore ordered the abolition of the
quarantine stations at Brownsville and
El Paso. Dearer beef, as the Dnbuque
Telegraph truthfully says, will be an in
evitable effect of the operation of the act,
and high -priced beef, however beneficial
It may be to tho great cattle raisers, wilf
be anything but a blessing to the wage
earners of tbe country.
It Warned fn Time.
When the toneruo of trade is coated;
when tbe eyes and limbs of the clerk are
dull and languid; when tbe racing fever
tackles the empty vitals of tbe till; when
the spider roosts in the cash box and bou
quets of decay are on the chandelier, it is
conclusive that tbe advertising doctor has;
not been consulted. Seno'ia (Ga.) Enter-'
IHE PREY OF MONOPOLY.
HOW WKINLEY DEALT WITH THE
They Were Turned Otct to Monopolies.
Tbe Maker of Felt, Ivory Keys, Striae
and Actions Get Their McKinley Flams.
A Specimen Case of Tariff Greed.
Piano making is one of the few indus
tries of this country which are icdif er
ent to protection and care nothing for
foreign competition. While nominally
protected, the manufacturers are entirely
independent of tariff benefits. Of con rse
there has always been a tariff tit. on
pianos, bet not at the solicitation of lie
manufacturers. Where a new tariff lias
been introduced the duty has been re
tained, more on account of general pr n
ciplea than because the man uf actor T9
have invaded the halls of congress, de
manding protection for an "infant in
dustry." In no hearings on the tariff
have they appeared and demanded in
increase, or even a retention of tld
duties. On the contrary, they have !
Eed upon their own skill and enterprise
for protection, and the result has justi
fied their course, for more pianos have
been exported every year than have be-in
imported, and we have sent some of oar
best productions to the greatest musical
country of the world Germany herself.
We began to manufacture piatio3 over
ninety years ago. The industry h
grown rapidly, the production last year
being double what it was ten years ag x
Last year we made about 72,000 pianc s,
and it. is estimated that since 1820 w-e
have made 1,210,000. The census re
turns of 1S90 are not yet published, bt.t
it is estimated that we now have 200 fac
tories engaged in turning out pianos e r
parts used in them such as keys, wires,
actions, etc. Tbe estimated capital c f
these factories is fl3,000,0ii0. employing
10,000 workmen at wages of $C.5o0,000 a
year, using 19,000,000 worth of material,
and turning out a product worth 1,000.
000. New York alone has about twe -thirds
of the factories, Massachusett i
While the piano industry has no in
terest in protection for itself, protec
tion lays numerous burdens upon thai
indu.try. In fact it is made a prey t
the greed of several minor industries
which have, under the McKinley law
higher protection than ever before.
These increased duties are sjecimer
tricks in the new tariff law, and the:
deserve attention from the jxrvple a.
large as illustrating the rapacity of tan3
The first of the jarts used in pianc
making which are subject to higher du
ties tinder the McKinley law are the
tuning pins to which the strings are at
tached. The old duty on these pins was
25 per cent. It was first proposed by
McKinley to make the duty 40 per
cent., along with "pianos and
pianoforte actions, and parts of."
This jaragTaph was constructed at the
loud solicitation of the action makers,
who, though they had no interest at all
in tuning pins, were very anxious to con
struct the paragraph affecting their own
productions w broadly that they them
selves might lie secure from competition,
with the result that they included every
thing used in piano manufacture. But
they demanded that the duty be fixed at
50 instead of 40 per cent., and when the
bill went to the senate they accomplished
their purposes in part by having the
whole paragraph struck from the tclied
ule. The result was that tuning pins
were made dutiable at 45 per cent., and
the price was at once put up to $3.20 per
thousand, having been $2.40.
A similar trick was performed in re
gard to the felt which is put on the ham
mers. There is only one factory en
gaged in the production of piano felt in
tho United States that of Mr. Alfred
Dolge, of Dolgeville, N. Y. the annual
production of which, according to Mr.
Dolgo, is aljout SuO.OfK) pounds. England
has two factories, France two and Ger
many four. The only piano felt im
ported into the United States comes from
Germany, and amounts to from 25.00O
to 30,000 pounds per year, so that only
one-tenth of the felt used here is im
ported. Piano felt paid a duty under the old
law of thirty-five cents a jKjnnd and 40
per cent., equal to a single ad valorem of
67 per cvnt., being taxed as "manufact
ures of wool not otherwise provided for."
The duty in this paragraph in the Mc
Kinley bill was made forty -four cents a
pound and 50 per cent When, however,
the bill was in the conference committee
of the house and senate. Mr. Dodge, act
ing through Senator Hiscock, had the
three little words, "felts not woven."
put into the ready made clothing para
graph, bearing the highest duty of all
the manufactures of wool 49 J- cents a
pound and CO per cent.
Mr. Dolge's protection by this trick is
mado almost absolute. Under the old
tariff the duty paid on 100 pounds of felt
was $122, under the McKinley law $191.
Some imiorters have already raised the
price of foreign felt one dollar a pound.
The greedy Dolge had two objects in
view with his tariff trick: (1) To shut out
all foreign competition, and (2) being
a manufacturer of hammers also, to
drive out of business all the manufactur
ers here of piano hammers who have
been using imported felt. The result is
that he will be free from all competition
whatever in the American market. At
the same time he will continue to export
felt to Germany as he has done in the
past, on all of which felt drawbacks of
duties will be paid by the United States
For the benefit of the three establish
ments engaged in making ivory piano
toys a similar increase of duty was made.
These establishments import their ele
phants' tusks free of duty, and had 30
per cent, protection before McKinley
came and gave them 40 per cent. A set
of ivory keys now costs the manufactur
ers one dollar more than under the old
Tbe next item is music wire. Here
the McKinleyites made it appear that
they were reducing the duty. In the
wire schedule the duty on one of the
sizes of wire used for strings was re
duced from 2 cents a pound to 21 cents,
the other size being left unchanged.
But at the end of the' wire schedules a
paragraph wa3 added placing a duty of
4-3 per cerxi, on all iron and steel wire
worth more than four cents a pound.
Now piano wire is worth from thirty to
forty cents a pound abroad. Thus the
old rates of duty, equal to an ad valorem
of 11 per cent, on smaller wire and 14
on the larger sizes, give place to a 4-3
per cent, rate, which means increasing
the rates over 300 per cent, on the finer,
and over 200 on the coarser wire. Where
the piano manufacturers paid 2 cents
a pound duty under the old law they
now pay over eight cents, and where
they paid three cents they now pay over
The kind of wire used for piano strings
is made by one or two establishments in
the United States, the most important
of which is Washburn & Moen, who
control important patents and were the
chief movers in the formation of the
barbed wire trust. Just as soon as the
McKinley tariff went into effect the
price of music wire was raised. Dealers
at once changed their lists, and wire
which cost the piano manufacturers fifty
cents per pound before the McKinley
tariff went into effect now costs them
seventy cents per pound. The circular
of one of the manufacturers announcing
the advance tears date of Oct. 13, 190,
just one week after the McKinley law
went into effect.
Another part of the piano affected by
the tariff is the action, or machinery for
transmitting the strokes of the finger
from the keys to the strings. The old
duty on piano actions was 25 per cent.,
and under it the business of making ac
tions expanded greatly, there being now
twelve establishments engaged in the
manufacture of them, one of which
makes 30,000 actions a year. But the ac
tion makers wanted an absolute monop
oly, and so went to the McKinleyites and
succeeded in getting the duty put up to
45 per cent., though they asked for 50
per cent. The smaller piano manufact
urers do not make their own actions,
and they protested vigorously against
the increase of duty. Thev said in their
petition to McKinleys committee
"The undersigned pianoforte makers
of the United States would protest
against such an advancement of duty as
being unjust, obstructive and fatal to
the piano making industry of this coun
try. There appears to be no good reason
for a higher rate of dutv on" pianoforte
oria r,.tl anfV. tW
actions, since the manufacturers of
article in this country have been highly
successful, having made large fortunes
within a comparatively short time under
the present protection duty. To raise
the duty on pianoforte actions would
simply mean to create a monopoly for a
few action makers at the expense of
hundreds of piano makers."
The action makers indulged in the
usual rot about protecting labor, and d'
clared that they would be compelled to one of his admirers anionic historical st u
reduce waces were not their demands ! dents to make this memorable remark:
granted. Jnst as soon, however, as the
McKinley bill was introduced one of
these manufacturers at once cut down
the wages of his laborers 10 per cent.
Having thus given the action makers,
the wire makers, ivory key makers and
the single maker of felts full license to
prey upon the piano manufacturers, Mc
Kinley inade the pretense of giving these
also a "fair and equitable revision of the
tariff" by raising the duty on pianos
from 25 per cent, to 45 per cent. As any
duty at all is a matter of perfect indif
ference to the piano makers, the hollow
mockery of this piece of McKinleyism is
Invention ot the Shot Tower.
"Before Watts had his dream," says
The Mechanical World, "the making of
shot was a slow, laborious and conse
quently costly process. Watts had to
take great bars of lead and pound them
out into sheets of a thickness nearly equal
to the diameter cf the shot he desired to
make. He then had to cut these sheets
into little cubes, place the cubes in a re-
volving barrel and roil the barrel around
until by the constant friction the edge
wore off from the little cnbes and they
"Watts had often racked his brain try
ing to discover some better ana less
costly scheme, but in vain. Finally,
after spending an evening with some
boon companions at the alehouse, he
went home and went to bed. He soon
fell into a profound slumber, but the
stimulants he had imbiled apparently
disagreed with him. for his sleep was
disturbed by unwelcome dreams. He
imagined he was out again with the
'boys,' and that as they were stumbling
homeward in the dars it began to rain
shot. Beantifal globules of lead, pol
ished and shining, fell in a torrent, an 1
compelled him :md his bibulous com
panions to drag their heavy limbs to a
place of shelter.
"In the morning when Watts arose he
remembered his dream. He turned it
over in his mind all day and wondered
what shape molten lead would assume
:n falling through the air. These
noughts tormented him so persistently
--hat at last, to set his mind at rest, he
"larried a ladleful of molten lead to the
:op of 'the steeple of the Church of St.
'.Mary, of Kedcliff, and dropped it into a
moat below. Descending, he took from
Highest of all in Leavening Power.
Che bottom of the shallow pool several
handfuls of the most perfect shot he had
ever seen. Watts' fortune was made,
for he had conceived the idea of the shot
tower, which ever since has been the
only means employed in the manufacture
of the little missiles so important in war
Melted lead ougnt to oe aole to drop
from the top of a tower in the United
States as cheaply as elsewhere, but here
we put a duty of two and one-halt cents
a pouna on snot to protect our snot
towers. For some years the duty has
been practically prohibitory, the figures
at hand showing imports of less than a
hundred dollars' worth per year. It is
understood that the shot product of this
country is controlled by a trust.
Cannibalism in rtayti.
The Haytians term the sacrifice of a
hnman -victim the offering of "tbe goat
without boni5,a euphemism for which
we can find many parallels. Louisiana is.
fortunately, free from this horrible taint,
but from the numerous instances given by
St, John tnere can be no doubt that the
immolation of youn? people, generally
girls, is not uncommon in Hayti. He tells
us of a scene witnessed by a French priest
in the district of Arcahaye in 19. This
man had persuaded some of bis parishion
ers to disguise him as a negro, and to take
him to witness the voodu ceremonies. All
went on in the manner that has already
been d?scribed till after the sacrifice of a
white goat and fowl, when a young man
came and knelt before tbe queen and wii'i:
"Oh. daman, I have a favor u ask. Give
us, to complete tbe sacrifice, the goat with
The queen gave a sign of assent, the
crowd "in the shed separated and there was
a child sitting with its feet bound. In an
instant a rope, already passed through a
block, was tightened, the child's feet Hew
up toward -the roof and the king ap
proached it with a knife. The loud shriek
given by the victim aroused tbe French
man to the truth of what was really poing
on. He shouted, "Oh. spare the child!"
and would have rushed forward, but he
was seized and hurried from tbe spot by
his friends. There was a short pursuit,
but he escaped, and on reaching the town
strove to induce tbe police to hasten to tbe
place. They would, however, do nothing
till the morning, when they accompanied
him to the scene of sacrifice and found the
remains of the feast and tbe boiled skull of
the child. H-m. Maj. A. B. Ellin in Pop
ular Science Monthly.
I have heard quite a number of inquiries
in Brooklyn as to the meaning of tbe word
"Ihpetonga,'' which Brooklyn's Four Hun
dred have adopted as the title of one of
their most select associations. I have
heard it claimed that the word is Greek,
also Indian. I learn from Simeon B. Chit
1 tn,'eIJ that it comes from the vocabulary
t of the now defunct Long Island Indians.
ltipctonira, lie teils me. is Indian I t
a sandy cliff It therefore apples to the
Brooklyn heights, and has been selected by
a numtier of the residents of that section
as the tiiaine for one of its ruost prosperous
social organizations, whose main object i-
to jtive a bull ouce a year." New York
Tbe discussion of the questiou whether
iiintm lell ever existed busied
"Very well! if I can te assured of having
as glorious a fame as William Tell has I
shall le jerftctly willing never to have ex
There was a time not more than five or
six years ago when Xew York society was
more than fond of private theatricals.
Scarcely a day passed but the papers con
tained on account of the wonderful achieve
ments of this or that leader of fashion on
the stage. Every woman of fashion who
wanted to raise money for charity opened
ber bouse to the yoinrg people and old who
believed that if their lines had been cast in
professional life Satvini and Bernhardt
would have had to hide their diminished
, heads, and there was never any trouble in
i selling tickets at $5 apiece, provided the
players were sufficiently well known in so-
There are always plenty of people
who estee m it an. honor to be asked to buy
tickets .it any price if the seller is some
one high in social life. Today amateur
theatricals have disappeared. We seldom
, hear of nnything of the kind among the
people who pretend to lead the social
i world. New York Cor. Charleston News.
; There is no longer any doubt among
' scientists but that tbe sponge belongs to
the animal kingdom and reproduces its
i kind by eggs, although it grows like a tree,
j When it is takeuuout of water it is a soft
j mass of animcl tissue surrounding a frame
I work of horny, glass like or limpy -fiber.
. it is the horny kind tbtt is the sponge of
! A XiEhtmare.
Cholly Bullseye Did you ever dream
of me, Miss Ball?
Miss Minnie Ball Yes; two nights
; running; and the third
j Cholly Bullseye So delighted: And
j ae third?
I Miss Minnie Ball I took an cpiate!
The historical writer, Mrs. Martha 0.
Lamb, seems to be honored above all other
American women. She is a member of
twenty-five historical and other literary
societies here and abroad, and ber corre
spondence with the world of calture and
learning is very extensive.
In the Wheatstone automatic method of
telegraphy, when transmitting at the rate
cf COO words a minute, there are 33,600 cur
rents per minute sent out. each having a
duration not exceeding .002 of a second.
It is the experience of physicians that
children of tuberculous parents properly
fd, with no fermentation of their food, do
not die of tuberculosis, but live to grow
cp in decent health.
U. S. Gov't Report, Aug. 17, 1889.
J. B. ZIMMER,
THE WELL KWOWiT
Stab Block, Opposite Haepee IIorsE.
hi pnrctased for tbe
Spring and Summer of 1891,
A largtracd nertock tiaii ever. Thete poods win arrive ;n s few day". Wai: acO ee ttca.
H. SIEMON & SON,
Baxter Banner Cooking nd EIett:n2 Stoves and the Geneseo Cooking Stoves
Tin, Copper and Sheet Iron Work.
IPOS ECOT VE., KOCK ISLAND, ILL.
ggL fe W
Calf Goodyear Welt Shoes?
The bet Met' fine sbe in tbe city f ?r ihe
Se-.'ml cd Rrrion
J". IMI. CHRISTY,
Steam Cracker Bakery,
MAHTj7AcnraxB or crackxbs ajtd biscuits.
Aek jour Grocer for them. They are beet.
Sr-SpeclaltJ Tbe Cariftj "0TSTB3" and tbe ChriCy "WATZa."
ROCK ISLAND, ILL.
ALL KINDS OF CABPEHTEB WORK DONE.
m Griieral Jobbing dose on abort no tic and taUafaetlos guaranteed.
Office and Shop 1418 Fourth Avenue. ROCK ISLAND ILL.
Agency for Fxcelsior Roofing Company.
Cheaper tiiajt Shingles.
Send f.r c'ucalar. Tclophoce
GEORGE SCHAFER, Proprietor.
1G01 Second Arenoe, Corner of Sixteenth Stree - Opposite Harper's Theatre.
The choicest Wines, Liquors, Beer and Cigars always on Hand !
Free Lunch Erery Day .... Sandwiches Famished on Short Xo
'Sc- tad Shop Corner Seventoeatfc St.
r.d fTfc Avaue,
"All kioc. of carpenter wort a specialty,
'irniQe j ag
ST. JAMES HOTEL,
Corner Twenty-third street and Focrth arenne.
J. T. RYAN, Proprietor.
This house has jn.t bn reHtted I throughout and is now in A ?fo. 1 condition. It is a flrst-ctof
81.00 per d ay house and a desirable family hoteL
Kasofactarer of all kinds of
ts Fine Shoes a specialty. Repairing done neatly and promptly.
A (bare of yonr patrocag retpactfnlly solicited.
1818 Second Avenue. Roak Island. IU.
CONTRACTOR AND BUILDER,
Bbop craer Twenty-second street aad Ninth avenne. Residence 8985
tru prepared to make estimates and do an kind of Carpenter work. GWa him a trial..
STABY, BERGER & SNELL,
T. H. ELLIS, Rock Island, 111.
1CS6. Cor. Fourteenth St- and Second Ave
plan, and estimate! for aU kinds of bi:i:dini;i
BOCK ISLAND, ILL.