Newspaper Page Text
TELE ARGUS. FRIDAY, aPKiL 24 1891.
Published Daily and Weekly at 1631 Second At
cnne. Bock Island, JU.
J. W. potter.
Tnxs Dally. 60c per month; Weekly, $3.00
AU communications of a critical or arnmetita
tlre character, political or religions, most have
real name attached for publication No each arti
ticles will be printed over mentions denatures
Aionymoos commnnieations not noticed.
. Correspondence solicited from every township
in Rock Island county.
Frdiat, April 24. 1891.
The town of Berlin, Coon., has been
taken possession, of by a wild cat. which
is having things all its own war.
UNITED STATE3 Exginehr Pkrrt is
going to start afoot for the north pole
from a place called Smith's Sound.
Unclb 8am will spend $ 1,200.000 a
year for 10 years to build and operate
ships to carry letters to foreign countries
The bank examiner of Minnnesota has
made a careful inquiry into the methods
of the American Building and Loan asso
ciation of St. Paul, and the examination
is not intended to advance the price of
the shares. The association has been
doing a large business, but whether the
profits have been distributed on tbe
mutual plan or among the fivored few is
not made quite so clear as it should be.
The aggregate of disbursements for the
past is $148,495 and some of the items of
this total according to the company's
showing are: Salaries, $75,268; legal
services, $13,802; agents for renewals,
$ 13,138; traveling; expenses, $4,144; sun
dries, $5,358. The alleged offenders, if
they may be called such, are hard to
reach. They hwe entrenched themselves
behind a barricade of legal technicalities,
and possibly cannot be driven out until
the laws under which they operate have
Mr. John Russell Yoxtsg, the well
known republican journalist, who accom
panied Gen. Grant on his tour a round
the world, contributes to the New York
Tress, an orthodox republican organ, an
elaborate review of tbe political situation,
to which that paper gives special promi
nence. Mr. Young is of the opinion that
the reelection of Mr. Ilarrison is highly
improbable, and that tbe only man with
whom the republican party can enter tbe
next campaign with the least prospect of
success is Secretary Elaine. In the course
, of his article he makes a frank admission
that the election of 1883 was carried with
boodle. lie says:
Mr. Harrison cannot depend for re
election upon the influences which gave
him office. The next campaign will not
be carried by money. There is a spirit
abroad in those once invincible republi
can strongholJs which all the money in
the treasury cannot buy or subdue. The
politics of the future will have another
fountain head than Wall street.
The appearance of tbis article in tbe
newspaper conducted by Mr. Harrison's
superintendent ot the census, Robert P.
Porter, is certainly very significant.
The New York World has made the
following careful estimate of tbe cost of
the late congress:
It will take all the gold and silver pro
duced in the world fcr four years to pay
the appropriations made by the billion
All the wages of ail the workers in
every protected industry for three years.
All the wages of all the workers in
1,005 cotton mills for 20 years.
All the wages paid in 1.900 woolen
mills for 40 years.
All the wages paid in all the glass in
dustries for 110 years.
Our total wheat crop for 1S90 will
only pay ODe third of it.
Our total corn crop for 1S90 will only
pay two thirds of it.
'God help the surplus?" It is God
help tbe working man.
In other words tbe tax paid by the toil
ing millions of the United States for two
years for federal and protection purposes,
is one billion for tbe United States and
and four billions for tbe protected, and
all this raised from the bone and muscle
of the country, tbe real tax payers, and
not on tbe accumulated wealth.
Tbe wage worker, farmer or merchant,
and family of five, pays more toward all
federal expenses, than does Vice Presi
dent Morton, a mulii-miilionaire; more
than Jay Gould; more than Havemeyer
or Sprcckl'.'s, or any of the other multi
millionaires who have made their wicked
amount of wi ahli out of protection nrd
Other unj'i-l anil uuerpial laws.
These thing- s we state, and as the
World states, are God's truths, undis
puted and undispuiable!
No northern people tire hardier or more
spirited than thu FinUnders, with their
clear complexions and dark blue ryes. In
spite of their harsh climate they huve the
most healthful living of perhaps any of the
northern nwes, atid keep equal degrees of
romance, dnrinji und good feeling in their
natures. Vou do not find imagination,
force and adventure in a race without
coarse, plenteous fare, pure air and clean-
Lord Welkftley'8 aide-de-camp, Eeppel,
wrote a book of travels aud called it his
personal iurTrative. Lord Wellesley was
qnizzinK it, and Buid to Lord Plunket:
"Personal narrative what is a iersonal
narrative, Lord Plunket? What should
you aay a personal narrative meant?"
Plunket answered: "My lord, you know
we lawyers always understand personal as
contrndistinguiahed from reul." San
A N0RTHWESTEEN mi
HON. J. STERLING MORTON ON THE
Protection the Parent of Claa legisla
tionCapitalists the First Strikers 1 he
Farmers Not Deceived by DleKlnle y.
So Called "Fanners' Tariff."
Hon. J. Sterling Morton, of Omaha,
was recently in New York, and while
there he was interviewed by a memler
of the Reform club upon the general sit
uation in the northwestern states in ref
erence to the tariff question and to t ie
political agitation there among farmei-s.
"There is a disposition," said Mr. Ale r
ton, "among the fanners of the north
west to remedy the ills from which they
are now Buffering by resorting to class
legislation. This class legislation is the
logical result of the class legislation
which has prevailed so long at "Washing
ton. The farmers havebeen in a more
or less drowsy condition, intellectually,
ever since the war, but they have gradu
ally waked up, and have observed thx t
congress has been artificially enhancin 5
incomes for certain classes of citizens
engaged in tariff protected industries.
They have found out at last that protec
tion to American manufacturers means
the enhancement of incomes by guaran
teeing to these manufacturers a monopo
ly of the American markets against all
"Mr. Carnegie is the typical pecuniary
individuality which protection has pro
duced in this country. The averagt
farmer does not think that any man can
in thirty short years by his own indus
try add $30,000,000 to the common
wealth. He st-es, however, that Mr.
Carnegie has amassed such an amount
in that rime, and he concludes, logically
enough, that if Carnegie has not added
that sum to the common wealth, he must
have taken from it. He sees further
that he has taken it from the common
wealth under the cover of law by the
provisions of the protective tariff", and
that in fact the tariff was instituted for
the very purpose, under the guise of tax
ation, to take away from all of us for
the benefit of a few of us.
"The fanner denounces this class leg
islation because it taxes his class to en
rich another class. He sees that incomes
are thus artificially made greater by leg
islation; but the farmer, not able to con
trol national legislation, concludes that
state legislation can, by a point of
reasoning, be used to rednco incomes.
Hence, logically, we have the anti-railroad
rate fixing laws in the northwestern
states. The farmer says, 'If I can re
duce the income of the railroads by
lessening the cost of transportation I
am indirectly enhancing my own.' It
peems to me f iir and safe to say that all
legislation in the different states inimical
to corporate capital is legitimately trace
able to the protective tariff, which is to
all class legislation in the states the first
parent, as Adam is to mankind."
'Do you find that the opinion still
prevails in the nonhwest that protection
benefits the laborcrr'
"That superstition is dead," said Mr.
Morton. ''Citizens of ordinary intelli
gence who have reflected upon the dis
content c f labor and the strikes which
result from it see that this discontent
and these strikes are also directly trace
able to the protection system; for when
capital demanded a protective tariff to
encourage certain branches of industry
it struck for higher profits. The capital
ists who demanded from congress the
statutes excluding foreign competition
were the first "strikers' in the United
States. And so the laborer, seeing that
the capitalist can strike for higher profits
through the law making power of the
government, naturally strikes for high
wages. This is done sometimes by the
old method of quitting work, and again,
emulating capital, an appeal is made to
congress to make eight hours a day.
Congress has just as much economic
power to make forty minutes an hour.
There never was a legislative body, na
tional or stare, wise enough to define a
"And what cf the McKinlev tariff
"That is a threadbare subject, but
there is me amusing feature in that law.
The McKinley tariff differs from the
Morrill tariff in that it permits nothing
for the use of the United States govern
ment to come in free. Mr. McKinley
said in a speech in Grand Rapids, Mich.,
in Octolx r. lSDo, that as a just minded
man it occurred to him that a govern
ment which enacted a law should be the
first compelled to olx-y it. Therefore he
had enforced the paTnent of duties
upon all dutiable goods brought in from
abroad for the use of the United States.
And a Republican audience cheered this
massive manifestation of statesmanship
with great and sustained enthusi;isra. The
spectacle of our common Uncle Samuel
taking money ont of one pocket and put
ting it into another raided Republican
protective hilarity to the highest in
tensity. "The McKinley statecraft which pro
voked so much applause is only equaled
by tho finance of the man who, having
leased a very highly decorated aud ex
pensive edifice for the purpose of keeping
a saloon therein, was told that the rent
was too high, and triumphantly replied:
'You don't know me. You don't under
stand my capacity. D n it, I can drink
enough myself to pay the rent!' Prob
ably McKinley would have the United
States government import enough for
its own use to pay all the revenues."
"How is the farmer satisfied with the
new drfries on farm products? Do they
'The tariff being for the protection,
allegedly, of American labor, the farmer
wonders why cabbages are taxed three
cents a head and sauerkraut put on the
free list. He is afraid that in competition
with the ignorant 'pauper kraut makers'
of Canada the skilled labor and high art
required in the manufacture of that del
icacy may be lost to us. Again, the tax1
on sheep, mules and horses, with bo
logna sausages on the free list, puzzles
him. Five cents a dozen on eggs to pre-
rent the pauper pullets of Great Britain's
dependencies from competing with the
American hen pleases him. about Easter;
but when incubation is completed chick
ens from bantam eggs do not prove any
bigger than a year ago. Protection has
not encouraged the breed to grow any
larger. And so the chicken industry re
mains very little inspired to higher ef
forts, and bantams cannot grow into
Plymouth rocks under protection any
more that bantam statesmen from Indi
ana develop into far seeing and sagacious
A HEAVY INDICTMENT.
A French Opinion of Protection The
Many Robbed for tbe Few,
The high tariff agitation in France is
calling forth such an opposition to pro
tection as would not have been possible
if the government had not been led away
by our McKinleyism in the direction of
higher taxation. An evidence of the
opposition called forth by the French
McKinleyism may be seen in a new
magazine, Le Monde Economique, which
has been recently established in Paris.
This journal is resolutely opposed to the
whole system of protection.
In a recent number of it M. Paul Beau
regard draws such a true and heavy in
dictment against protection that it can
be read with profit in our own land.
The writer says:
We hold it as self evident that every
protective measure is unjust, because
such a system has for its object the en
richment of a small number of individ
uals at the expense of the others. When
a duty is imposed upon wheat and meat
the farmers may dispense with the im
provement of their processes of culture,
but consumers are obliged to pay more
dearly for their food. This, therefore, is
to take out of the pockets of all the profit
which is given to the few. There is no
process of reasoning which can show
that this is not unjust.
Now, if this is the case with every
restrictive tariff measure, what is to be
thought when these protectionist claims
reach the degree of extravagance which
we see today? So long as the protected
classes were not yet masters of the situa
tion they simply pleaded that the state
should let them live. They could not
continue, they said, with their own re
sources they must be helped. Would
it not be an advantage to France to have
within her borders a complete cycle of
production, and not be tributary to any
nation for its supplies? If the sacrifice
was a burden, at least patriotism im
What do we see today? The same
party, believing itself secure of a major
ity, has lost all moderation. Petition
gives place to threats, which are speed
ily carried into execution. There is no
longer a question of living at the expen:-e
of others, but of suppressing them and
getting rid entirely of their competition.
Deplorable enough in itself, the protec
tionist reaction serves still further as the
occasion, as the pretext, for struggles in
which the strongest destroy the weakest.
Such are the civil wars, which promote
What, we ask, must be the effect of
such a spectacle upon public morality?
Is it right that the state should become
the distributer of fortunes to some at
the expense of others? Do the protec
tionists reflect that by the side of the
manufacturers and capitalists enriched
or ruined there will be thousands of
workmen, here plunged in misery, there
the witnesses of or the sharers in a sud
den and unjust prosperity?
From such a spectacle they will con
clude that the state can do everything,
'hat everything that it decrees is legiti
mate, that it is easy and right for it to
secure the welfare of its favorites by
drawing, whenever needed, upon the
purse of others, and. arguing from their
number, fToin their wants, from their
precarious situations they will demand
to be those favorites.
This is the cien path to socialism,
state socialism first and socialism nnlim
i :ed afterward. Being accustomed to a
moderate protective tariff, many have not
been able to see this truth during the
post thirty years, but now it is becom
ing as clear as daylight. The socialists
h ve never lieen deceived in tho matter.
They have always pointed to protection
as a practical application of their own
theories, but an unjust one, as it operates
fc r the advantage of the rich.
'oleridce'H ClatiHilication of Readers".
Coleridge says; "Readers may be divided
into four classes: 1. Sponges, who absorb
ail they read, and return it early in the
same state, only a little dirty. 2. Sand
glasscts, who retain nothing, and are con
ter.t to get through a book for the sake of
getting through the time. 3. Strain bags,
who retain merely the dregs of what they
real. 4. Mogul diamonds, equally rare
ani: valuable, who profit by what they
Tea 1, and enable others to profit by it
I'laint of tlitj Irtan Kditor.
Y'e do not exiwet thanks as an editor.
Per pie who do their duty seldom receive
thn iks. But sometimes we wish those
win cri! iciss us most could get behind the
scei es for even one week and see the labor,
the decision of character, the self sacrifice,
discernment, the knowledge of men and
thii gs, and tt'.e faculty of doing full jus
lice and no cue an injustice it takes to
male up a iut minded editor. Waco
(Tex.) Advance ,
I'rrtalniiij; to Election.
Ft nd Parent What are the elective
studies at j'our college, John?
John Political economy, I guess. That's
about politics and elections and such
things, isn't it? West Shore.
Highest of all in Leavening Power.
The Ciooils Sold Themselves.
The following interesting story is told by
an old traveling salesman w ho formerly
represented one of the large jewelry houses
in London, England. His experience is
one which, to say tbe least, is unusual, and
will be fully appreciated by the represen
tatives of American houses who have never
enjoyed the good fortune of a similar oc
currence: "In the spring of 1S70 1 carried a line of
goods which was unusually popular with
the trade," said the drummer, "and when
I reached Edinburgh, Scotland, I found it
Impossible to visit my customers as prompt
ly as 1 desired. By the middle of the af
ternoon several jewelers had called on me
and urg:d me to come to their places dur
ing the day. By 6 o'clock 1 was thoroughly
weary, and was congratulating myself
that I woulC x able to retire early aud se
cure a good iight's rest, when a customer
whom I had overlooked gently touched
me on tbe shoulder and reminded me that
I had neglected to visit him. He stated
that he desired to make a heavy purchase,
and I made au appointment with him at
my hotel for 6:30.
"I immediately repaired to my room,
and settling myself in a large, easy chair
fell asleep. I was awakened by a light
pressure on my arm. To my surprise the
room was brilliantly lighted, and my cos
tumer was sitting by my side. My sample
case was open and its contents were spread
on the table near me. I confess I was a
little startled, and was sleepily wondering
whether 1 had been robbed during my.nap,
when my fears were nlla3-ed by my com
panion, who said:
" 'I came at the appointed hour and
found you asleep. Not desiring to dirturb
you I have examined your samples and
written out my order in your book.' Dazed
by the statement, I too.-i my watch from
my pocket, and discovered that it wan half
past 11 o'clock., Iliad beeu asleep nearly
five hours. It. was the easiest sale I ever
made." Jewelers' Weekly.
Barrett and the Dictionary.
Poverty and drudgery kept Lawrence
Barrett tut of school, aud only when "call
boy" did he really learn to read. Then
that head of his came to his aid. Begging
candle ends from the theater he would go
to his wretched little room and stick them
on tacks purposely nailed into the floor, as
the euds were too short for a candlestick.
There, lying fiat on his stomach, the future
tragedian taught himself to read out of au
old copy of Johnson's dictionary.
"I'll wager I can trip you up on the first
pane," said Laurence Hutlon, on being
told this incident.
"Try me," replied Barrett.
A very extraordinary page is that first of
Johnson's dictionary, beginning with such
unusual word as aaronieal, nbacist, abatis,
all of which Barrett spelled ami defined
"What's 'abacot?' "
"A cap of state used in old times by our
English kings, wrought up in the figure of
"A banishment tor one or two years for
"What's 'alxlitory ;-' "
"A place to hide and preserve goods in."
The very words of a dictionary that Bar
rett had not opened forth:rty years: Kate
The custom of pinning papers on the
clothing of unsuspecting persons forms a
venerable April fool joke. In fact, it is so
time worn and shows so little inventive
ness that one is occasionally surprised at
finding it still considered funny. Some
times, however, even so ancient a pleas
antry takes an unexpected turn.
A little Ihij-was deftly pinning a bit of
paper to an old gentleman's coat when the
latter suddenly turned, saw him, and laid
a detaiiiinu hand on his shoulder.
"What's that you're doing:'" he asked
gruffly. "What, are you putting that piece
of paper on my coat for:'"'
"For for an April fool, sir," stammered
the loy, too much confused to evade the
The gentleman suddenly marched him
along to a mirror in a shop window.
"There," said he, "look at vour own
On the boy's jacket was pinned a paper
of startlingsize, which certainly must have
rustled audibly as he walked.
"Who did I understand you to say was
the April fool:-" inquired the gentleman
politely, and the lioy opened his lipsforone
word, more humble than grammatical,
"Me!" Youth's Companion.
The Far on Kitty's Hack.
The suspected pet is more frequently
than otherwise a cat. Is the suspicion cor
rect? Nine times out of ten, in all proba
bility, the answer will depend upon the
like or dislike of the speaker toward the
feline race. But in such a problem all con
siderations of like and dislike should cer
tainly be put aside: for assuredly no person
of sane mind would allow liking for any
manner of animal pet to prove a source of
danger to the children of the home. Is or
is not the fur on puss' back a natural har
bor for disease germs? By way of experi
ment confine the animal for a time in a
room permeated with the fumes of tobacco
smoke till the fur becomes thoroughly im
pregnated with the odor. Iet puss take
an extensive out of door circuit, even on a
windy winter day, and then smell of her.
The result will show whether her fur is re
tentive orotherwise. Good Housekeeping.
Throwing rice after a departing bridal
pair is a custom us old as popular. A
ple&sant fashion has been for a little time
in vogue of inclosing small portions of rice
in bags made of Japanese crepe paper, and
pnssing these to the guests. Whea tho
couple are leaving the house these are
lightly thrown, the paper breaks, and a
small shower of rice is scattered in a much
more agreeable fashion than by the old
method. The bags can be made quite orna
mental. If it is to be a pink wedding, deli
cate pink crepe paper, tied with tiny pink
or white ribbon, can be used. Or the bags
may be tied with two colors and passed
around in wide, shallow baskets, which
should be tied with a handsome bow of
satin ribbon. New York Ledger.
U. S. Gov't Report, Aug. 17, 18S9.
J. B. ZIMMER,
-THE WELL KNOWN-
jVl erchant Tailor,
Stak Block, Opposite Harper House.
has purchased for the
Spring and Summer of 1891,
A larger and finer stock than ever. These foods will arrive In a few days. Wait an'l si-'e them.
H. SIEMON & SON,
toves and. Tinware,
Baxter Banner Cooking and Heating Stores and the Gencjeo Cooking Stovee
Tin, Copper and Sheet iron ''ork.
1E03 SECONT -WE., ROCK ISLAND, ILL.
Calf Goodyear Welt Shoes?
The best Men's fine shoe in the city for the price .
STABY, BERGER & SNELL,
Second and Harrison Sts. Davenport.
J". HVT. CHRISTY,
Steam Cracker Bakery,
KAKTJlACrHBEB 07 CBACXSBS AND BISCUITS
Ask your Grocer for them. They are beet,
ty Specialties 1 The Ckriety "0T8TKB" and the Christy "WAFIR."
ROCK ISLAND. ILL.
SEIVERS & ANDERSON,
Contractors arid. Builders,
ALL KINDS OF CARPENTER WORK DONE.
U General Jpbblag done on short notice and satisfaction guaranteed.
Office and Shop 1412 Fourth Avenue. ROCK ISLAND ILL
Agency for Excelsior Roofing Company.
Cheaper than Shingles.
S.-ud for circular. Telephone
GEORGE SCIIAFER, Proprietor.
1001 Second Avenue. Comer or Sixteenth Stree - . Opposite Harper's Theatre.
The choicest Wines, Liquors, Beer and Cigars always on Hand
Free Lunch Every Day
B. F. DeGEAR,
Contractor and Builder.
Office and Shop Corner Seventeenth St.
and Sowath Avpnue,
OAII kinc-s or carpenter work a specialty.
ST. JAMES HOTEL,
Corner Twenty-third street and Fourth .venue. .... EOCK ISLAND, ILL.
J. T. RYAN, Proprietor.
Thi. house ha. just teen refltte6 'throughout and is now in A No. 1 condition. It is a first-clas.
l.uu per d ay house and a desirable family hotel.
Manufacturer of all kinds of
-BOOTS AND SHOES-
Gents' Fine Shoe, aipecialty. Repairing doM neatl, and promptly.
A share of yonr patronage respectfully solicited.
1618 Second Avenue. Rok Island, 111.
CONTRACTOR AND BUILDER,
Bhop corner Twenrydt and Nuitti&t... Eesidenca 2985
- - - , Thirteenth avenue. V
r prepared to maka.rtlmato. and do all kind, of OarperW work. Glv. him a trial.
: . -f r .
T. II. ELLIS, Rock Island. 111.
1036. Cor. Fourteenth St- and Secon.l Av
Sandwiches Furnished on Short No
Plan, and estimates for all kinds of huiidxc,