Newspaper Page Text
THE ABGUS. TUESDAY. aPu.L 28 IStfl.
PnbllthedlMjlj and Wrrklr at IC Second Ar
enac, Back blind. Hi.
J. W. POTTER,
Tims Da&y, SOe per montft; Weekly. $8.00
AA comaraniesttoBS of m eritiral or argroenta
tle character, political or re'.iaion.. bm have
real name attached for publication No rack arti
ticles will be printed orer fictitious eignatves
AAonjmooa comman-.caiion not noticed.
Correspondence eoiidted Zrom every towntnip
la Bock Island county. .
Tcesdat, April 28, 1891.
Delawark has more living ex-governors
than any otber state.
Fiftt thousand orchids bloom at tte
flower show in Madison Square Garden,
Lela5d Stafford proposes to lay a
cable from Saa Francisco to the Sand
Ftftees closely printed page ot Lon
don city directory are fi led by the Sxith
family in that city.
Mark Twaix, among other equally big
investments, has $170,000 invested in a
The Danish kick's crown is worth
5135.000. the queen's crown f 17.500, atd
the sword of state $15,000.
Ex-Presidest Cleveland wiil prob
ably visit Buffalo next n:cn:h to attend
the openicg of the new club house of the
The Italian government has had some
hard work to do lately in Sicily, where
several town riots have been raised as a
protest against the new taxes. It is not
necessary for Italy to go abroal to look
for trouble or causes of trouble.
Mr. Clakeso.n savs that "the McKin
ley bill will carry New York and the
doubtful states for the protection party"
in 1692. The congressional contest was
fought rquarely upon the McKioley bLl
last year, and the democratic majorities
in the doubtful states were: New York.
80.0OO, Connecticut, 4.000; New Jersey.
14.000; Indiana. 23.000: Illinois. 31.000;
Iowa, 9.000; Wisconsin, 33.000; Michi
gan, 9.000. The democrats will be very
glad to have the republicans try and fight
Yi aterloo over again .
The Chicago News says of the weekly
payment law which has just been enacted
by the general assembly, and signed by
No former legislature has equaled the
present one in granting concessions to
organized labor. The preliminary work
to secure the passage of such acts as the
anti-truck store bill, the weekly-pay bill
and kindred measures speaks well for the
vigorous and aggressive attitude of the
labor cnions on these public spirited
measures. It was feared by some that
Governor Fifer would veto the weekly
pay bill under pressire of the corpora
lions. lie has not done so, and if any
contest is made as to tte coocinuMonal
ity of the measure it must be in the su
It is difficult to conjure any valid
reasons for opposition to the weekly-pay
law, except, perhaps, in the ca;e of muni
cipai corporations. The latter are. hot
ever, of minor importance in considering
the whole question. The adaptation of
all classes of corporations to the new law
win probably, in practice, prova so bene
Hcial that the corporations themselves
will decline to advocate its repeal.
The greatest European soldier of the
last half century died with Count Von
Moltke. and in America the ereatest of
bis soldier contemporaries were dead be
fore him. A question that has been fre
quently discussed is whether or not Von
Moltke was a greater master of the art of
war and displayed greater military genius
than bis American contemporaries. The
discussion was of necessity, says the New
York World commenting on the great
field marshal's death, a fruitless one, be
cause the conditions of campaigning in
Europe are so tatally different from those
in America. Von Moltke had studied
the conditions of war in Europe with as
much thoroughness and exactitude as a
great chess player studies the board be
fore him. When the gamebegan in Aus
tria in 1866. and with France in 1870. be
understood fully the power of each piece,
the strength of his own play, and to a
great extent the quality of his adversaries.
Under the conditions which he bad stud
led and fully understood be was probably
as great a master of the art of war as has
ever lire J. Confronted with new and
untried conditions, as were the generals
on either sie'e in our own civil war, it is
extremely doubtful if be would have
bown any capacity that would bave Won
him bigb rank. In bis own field, bow
ever, be was supreme, and no one will be
found to question the statement that with
him passed away the greatest captain of
modern Europe. And to bis eternal hon
or be it said, that although be was ad
mittedly the greatest of bis contempora
ries in war, be was throughout bis life a
most earnest advocate of peace among
the nations. There is reason to belieye
that bis influence with the old Emperor
William prevented war on more than one
occasion, when war would bave meant
new laurels and new honors for him
self. Pozzoni'i Complexion Powder pro
duces a soft and beautiful skin; it com
bines every element of beauty and purity
MARKETS OF THE SOUTH
THE SOUTHERN TRADE AND RECI
PROCITY. Opinions of a Shrewd Yankee Merchant.
VThT We Do Xot Export Moi? Pro
tected Slncs-mrds ' Homo Market.
Some Facta Tbat Will Interest.
Are American manufacturers a wide
awake, enterprising class of men? The
current boast is that they are, that they
are the greatest on earth in that respect.
We fancy that the American bird-o'- free
dom spirit his put us beyond the "effete"
je cm archies and vrom out nations of the
Yet after indulging onr patriotism in
flights cf this kind we hear our manu
facturers pleading that we cannot com
pete with thfe same "cfTet" peoples of
the Old World. We need protection,
they tell us, else wo shall have to shut
up shop and starve because of the ' fiood
of cheap goods coming in here from
But do American manufacturers lack
enterprise? Tte assertion has often U-en
made authoritatively that they do. Only
last fail, when the ifcKinlev law went
into -fec-t, with very high duties on
stockir.s and ether knit goods and many
idlo knitting mill? were starting up to
ret tio benefit of these high McKirdoy
Coiifes, the New York Drv Cr.-w.ls Ew.no-
r-iiit warned the mantua-jl-rcrs that ;
many of tJaem wer uoomel o fp.ilur-; '
uiili-ss they get rid i f :V.-;r old rr:a
chiuery, that competition at home from
the few mills that Lad modern first cla-s
machinery would inevitably crowd these
antiquated establishments to the wall,
and all the McKinley protection could
not save them. This " same journal,
which, however, is an advocate of pro
tection, has more than once complained
that our manufacturers look too little to
the foreign market, seeking only to un
load their surplus there when the "home
market" is glutted and when tV-y wih
to prevent a break in prices here.
The manufacturers are occasionally
told the same thing in their meeting-.
Not long ago there was a meeting of tho
Boston hhoe and Leather exchange, at
which Mr. D. F. Murphy, an enterpris
ing Yankee merchant, now doing a
wholesale business at Kingston. Jamaica,
made a highly interesting address on
trade with neighboring countries south
cf us, and showing why we have so lim
ited a commerce there.
Mr. Murphy, in pointing out the reason
why we sell so little to those countries,
made a first rate tariff reform argument,
exploding some of the pet notions of the
protectionists. He ridiculed the asser
tion that we cannot compete with the
"pauper labor ' of Europe, and gave ex
amples to show its falsity. '-For years,"
he said, "we have raised in our imagina
tions obstacles in our way of doing this
southern trade. First is, cannot com
pete with the 'pauper labor" of Europe.
I bave sold crimping machines for twenty-five
dollars to thirty dollars made by
our high priced labor, as you call it, and
made a good thing. The pauper crimping
machine from Europe is not sold for less
than forty dollars. Boston letter copy
ing presses pay well, selling them at live
dollars each. Pauper made ones from
England cannot be sold less than seven
dollars. Boston stationery is now sold
where I am as cheap at retail as it is in
Boston. The pauier stationery from
England costs 20 per cent, more."
Mr. Mnrphy gave the reason for this,
boldly asserting that we have the cheap
est labor on earth. He said: "In our
system of manufacturing our operatives
perform but one iart; that they learn
quickly. Machinery is well made and
nicely adjusted for that part; it runs
swiftly, but there is no changing of it.
On that special style a man gets enough
to do month aftr month. The maxi
mum amount of work is thus obtained
from the ojTatives and the maximum
output from the minimum cost of plant
each year. This is the case in shoes, in
cottons, in castings, glassware, furni
ture, agricultural tools, bats, leather, and
in the production of such goods I tell
you we have the cheapest labor per cent,
on cost of production there is on earth,
and we have also untaxed or indigenous
raw materials for evsrthing of our man
ufacture which the southern countries
Another claim of the protectionists
which was heard so frequently in bohalf
of the snbsidy and bounty bills at Wash
ington was no less effectively disposed of.
"Want of steamship communication
is another supposed obstacle to our doing
southern trade. The fact has been for
some years that to all the countries, say
as far south rs the month of the Amazon,
within that limit the steamship com
munication with the United States is
six times greater than that with all the
countries of Europe combined. I shall
venture to say that three-fifths of the
mails for Great Britain from that terri
tory now pass through the New York
postoffice. Previous to the first of Jan
uary last postage to the United States
by unsnbsidized steamship lines going
once or twice or three times a week was
five cents per one-half ounce. Postage
by the contract mail lines of Great
Britain, going to Great Britain every
ten days, was eight cents per one-half
Mr. Murphy also denied the oft re
peated assertion that English manufact
urers have a decided advantage over
those of the United States in the shape
of much lower rates of interest from
banks and could thus carry longer
credits in South American and "West
Indian trade than our manufacturers can.
The opponents of our present protect
ive system frequently charge that pro
tection saps the self reliant spirit of the
American character. Mr. Murphy seems
to hold the same opinion. liefays: "It
appears to me that our people ary grow
ing into a habit of leaning on thVgov
ernment for help, while our busine in
terests are becoming the football tt be
tossed between the rival parties in poli
The remedy to the present state, of
things, under which we sell so little
In those southern countries,' does not
seem to Mr. 2urphy to be found in rec
iprocity. The remedy is in the simpler,
common sense method of studying these
southern peoples, find out what they
want, how they want it made, how
packed and shipped. This means that
Americans must wake up and regain
their spirit of enterprise. Mr. Murphy
believes that even without reciprocity
American goods can be largely and
profitably exported to those countries.
He says: "There is nothing whatever in
the way of our doing business in the
south excepting what exists here at
home, and that we can remedy. We
have free raw material for all the south
requires. The credit system is as good,
I say better, than our own. We have
ample steamship and mail service. We
have access to all the markets of the
south on the same terms as the most fa
vored nation. These advantages are :
sufficient to insure us a trade of fSOO,- j
000.000 a year out of the $1,400,000,000 or !
$1,500,000,000 a year of the soutnern com
merce. These are all the advantages we
can have or shall be likely to have. I
am not a believer in Mr. Blaine's reci
procity scheme including manufactured
He says further of reciprocity:
There is a chance that reciprocity
may become a political question, and
our manufacturers will await congres
sional action on it. I fail to see how
congress can give us any help in this
southern trade that will give us any aJ-1
vantage over Zuropean competitors ; bnt J
while we .".re waiting to see, valuable
cotcesiioas for exclusive rights are being
granted to European houses for man
facture of ice, of s.vip, of navigation of
rivers, of construction of public works,
of electric light plants, of banks, refining
of sugar for home use, erection of coffee
cleaning plants. This system of conces
sions or exclusive rights is to hasten de
velopment, but it is a most pernicious
one. The few able representatives we
have in the south see no movement on
our part militating that we want any of
the good things going, and therefore do
not use their influence against the con
cessions. It appears to me that our government
in giving us reciprocity is like giving us
a white elephant. As we are, we are
not in a iosirion to use it. It may be
costly to keep by our surrendering duties
on southern goods in exchange for that
which wo cannot use. There are about
twenty points on which we must have
information, regardless of any southern
tariffs, lefore we can safely export.
The Ventriloquist on the Elevated.
"Ail out for Fifty-ninth street" rang oat
in an elevated train the other evenicj- The
people, who were on their way home after
a day of toil, started up and made for th-
door, bnt discovered to their surprise that
not the Fifty-ninth street station, bnt only
the Twenty-third street one had teen
"What does this mean?" a chorus of
voices asked the brakeman, and the owuers
of the voices glared at the uniformed em
ploye. "Don't know. I never called ont Fifty
The per;lexed pas.engers returned to
their seats and were coon hidden behind
their newspapers. When the train pulled
up at the next station at Twenty-eighth
street, the announcement rang out again,
"All out for Fifty-ninth street."
The conductor became enraged, and
.looked about eagerly to discover the mis
creant, bat the people in the car, under
standing then that a ventriloquist
among thorn, burst out laughing. Tbey
dropperi their papers and scanned faces to
liad out who it was that by throwing his
joud voice to the platform of the car, had
ncreeded in playing the j.ke. At each
station the ventriloquist cailed ont the
tame thing up to Fifty-ninth street, where
1 got oil, and ail that time lie remained
i;i!di.('overed. Thus is prosaic life in the
metropolis occasionally enlivened. Epoch.
How a Maine Woman Sitrcd Her Watch.
"Wasn't it strange!"
"Who ever heard of such a thing"' And
then they Imth smiled and both kept silent.
One of the ladies is married and lives in
Iwiston. Her Lusband told the writer
v hat they were talking about.
"My wife," said he, "has a s-miiil gold
watch she wears in front of her dress. The
dny you overheard her she had been in a
s-ore rather crowded, arid a man grabbed
tjie watch by the chain and ran. During
t lie afternoon she had met with an acci
dent, and a roll of tape which she was car
ring concealed about her person had be
come viciously loose and was bothering
h ;r. She took it and thrust it in next to
"In some way the watch had caught it,
a:id as the thief started away the tape be
gin to run out like a ship's hawser. The
tl.ief, turning around quickly, saw what
wa following him, and in consternation
he dropped the watch, nud my wife recov
e ed it. That's a true bill, and I can prove
it " Lewiston Journal.
He Knew Memphis.
lie was a backwoods Teunessean seeing
Washington with an official friend, and
the last night they did "Cleopatra" as pre
seuted by Bernhardt.
He was greatly impressed by the per
formance, and in that, scene where the
Kfryptiaa queen sits upon the terrace over
1 .kiug Memphis his enthusiasm bubbled
'.Moonshine and molasses!" he ejaculated
in a whirring whisper: "uin't thut a socker
from the headwaters? What is it, any
how?" "It's Memphis," whispered the official,
holding him down.
"Come off'" he said, after a moment's
reflection, "it ain't. They don't talk
French in Memphis. I sold a car load of
mules down there Imh fall." Washington
Highest of all in Leavening Power.
An Ingenious Barber.
I know 9 barber down town whose long
acquaintance nith Americans has taught
him not to keep & clock. Strange, isn't it?
"And why such madness?" I hear you say.
Ahl There's method in it. Til tell you in
his own words.
"Yon are about the hundredth man that
has asked me about the clock," said he
pleasantly. "Well, I'll tell you a tradi.
secret. You know my customers are all
business men, and stop in two or three
times a week to get shaved. Whether in a
hurry or not. they want to get through
with all possible speed. That's one of the
peculiarities of Americans. An American
may have all the time in the world, but,
nevertheless, he"ll rush his lunch and his
barber all the same.
"So long as I had my clock here in the
shop men would come rushing in here.takt
a glance at it, jump into the chair and teil
me to rush them, through in ten minutes,
as they drsired to catch a train or keep an
appointment. If I didn't get through with
them in that time there would lapicnii
sure, and not only that but I'd run tht
risk of losina a good customer. So after a
while I caught on to this clock racket, ar.d
I took my reliable old timepiece from it
accustomed corner and placed it leyond
reach. How does it work? Splendidly.
"The first few days I could hardly n-strnir.
myself from bursting into fits of laughter.
You know, the fitt thing an American
looks for when he comes into any place is
the clock. You should have seen the dU
appointed faces in my shop the first few
days. Every cue rushed in with bis aecus
tomed ha-te, siantvd in the corner for the
clock, and ny! Well, you can imagine the
"And now," said t he barber, with a vst
lsLrfl air, i can give every oner, iirst is;
shave, and none of them know? just how
long I take to shave them, because tLtre's
no clock here to regulate me by.
"Next:" New York Herald.
Music and the Iilimt.
Music will ever be the blind man's ruin
passion: but that it may be a blessing u
him and not a curse he nun be taught
to know, to master and to love only that o!
the purest and best kind. What he do?
he must be able to do well, or the gift wil.
be fatal. He must learn not merely tt
scrape a fiddle in a more or les-s exasperat
ing fashion, or blow into a cornet with
painful success, so as to gain adinissiot
into the school band, but to do far mort
and far better: or within a year of his leav
ing schooi away iu the country village oi
alone in the London garret the cunning
of his hand will fail him and his music bt
worse than useless.
People will say, "It is very clever for t
blind man," but there it ends, and suet
words will not even provide bread anc
cheese for a day. His descent into tht
Etreets is not far off, and unless he ha'
learned to make a basket or a mat he wil;
soon become one of the forlorn mimrtrelt
who, says Maybew, "behind a string and t
dog haunt the curbstone and fill the eart
of the sorrowful with strains of still great
er sorrow." The higher sense of true musk
is gone from' him, and the want of thh
sense is to melody what the loss of fra
prance and color would be to flowers or oi
color to the sunset sky. And of all thh
loss he is at last unconscious. Edinburgh
TTild Beauts Far Slchted.
A curious communication has been raadt
to the Academie de Medecine by M
Motais, of Angers, whose works on tht
various diseases of the eye are highly es
teemed. He has closely examined the ef
feet of capt ivity on the sight of wild beasts
such as Uons, tigers, etc, and asserts that
all animals in a savage state are far sighted.
The same remark applies to man in an nn
civilized state, and even to those who
though civilized, follow avocations which
oblige them to remain constantly in tht
open air. such as sailors or farm laborers.
The same faculty subsists in caged ani
mals when they have been taken after tht
age of 6 or S months; but when born in
captivity, or kept in cages when very
young, they become near sighted, which
M. Motais attributes to the narrow space
in which they are confined, and the train
ing which obliges them to follow the eyt
of the keeper or tamer to obey his will.
The near sightedness of school children
may, iu his opinion, be ascribed to the
same cause the habit of concentrating tht
sight on one point, and the fact that tht
power of t he visual organ becomes modi
tied according to the requirements to which
it is subjected. Murray's Magazine.
- Hontinc the Stag:.
The prince of a small German state
whose ambition it was to do the grand, il
only on a small scale, bad invited a num
ber of gentlemen to go on a deer stalking
expedition. Everything promised well.
The weather was superb, and the whole
company were in the best of spirits, when
the head forester approached the petty
monarch and, lifting his green cap, said in
"Your highness, there can be no hunting
"Why not?" was the stern rejoinder.
"Alas, your highness, one of the stags
took fright at the sight of so many people
and has escaped into the adjoining terri
tory, and the other stag has been ill since
yesterday. But your highness must not
be angry it is most likely nothing worse
than a bad cold. We have given it some
herb tea, and hope to get it on its legs
again in a few days." Zittaner Morgen
Eeitucg. Old Families of Europe.
The royal houses of the European conti
nent all appear to have emerged from ob
scurity nbout 1,000 years ago, when Charle
magne was the mightiest name in the
world, or had recently been the mightiest.
The first Bourbon known to history flour
ished nbout the year 900. The first Guelph
was contemporary with Charlemagne, who
died in S14. The first Hohenzollern ol
princely rank built the castle of Zollern
about the year 800. The first Romanoff
came into the world as lata as 1510. All
these families, however, were, ancient at
the time when they lecame important
enough to figure in European records.
Some of the English heralds have expressed
the opinion that Queen Yictoria is de
scended from the Roman Caesars. Chicago
TJ. S.' Gov't Report, Aug. 17, 18S9.
J. B. ZIMMER,
-THE WELL KNOWN-
Stab Block, Opposite Haepeb House.
ban purchased for the
Spring and Summer of 1891,
A lrgtrac5 Sner stock thin ever. Tbei:ol will arrive in sfew dsys. Wait er.i -.: ;tn
H. SiEMON &
IPTJUVLIPS, ISJ-.A.IIIILS, &G,
Baxter Banner Cooking snd Ueatiu? Stoves and the Genesee Co'-kiug Stovrs
Tin, Copper and Sheet Iron Work.
Calf Goodyear Welt Shoes?
Tbebest let' Cntthoe ir. ihe cy f r lha price.
STABY, BERGEK & SNELL,
Seined and Harrison 8ts Dvfrrfr".
0". 3L. CHRISTY,
Steam Cracker Bakery,
KASTJFACrrKKK OF CSaCKXU AID BISCUITS.
Afik your Grocer for them. They are best
WfipeeUltli The Christy "0TETXB" sod tfc Cartstj "WATX."
ROCK ISLAND. ILL.
SEIVERS & ANDERSON,
Contractors and. Builders,
ILL KIND 8 OF OABPKXTXB WORE JOHX.
y General Jobbing dose oa short aotle ud MUsftotioa favaoteed.
Office and Shop 1418 Fourth Avenue. ROCK ISLAND ILL.
Agency for Fxcelsior Roofing Company.
Cheater than Shingles.
Stud for circular. TV.ephote
GECRGE SOUFER, Proprietor.
lfiOl Second Aretue. Corner of sixteen! Stree . Opposite Harper's Theatre-.
Ths choicest Wines, Liquors. Beer and Cigars always on hand
Free Lunch Every Day
B. F. DeGEAR,
Contractor and Builder.
OfSce and Shop Corner tV"vrtiith Bt T i T i J
ad Seventh Ao'ie I Z IvOCK lSianu
W-All kinC of carpenter work a specify. Plan, and estimate, for an kind, of bsMinst
inni on aopUcaUon.
ST. JAMES HOTEL,
Comer Twenty-third trcet and Fourth arenne EOCK ISLAND. ILL.
J. T KYAN, Proprietor.
Thi. borne he, jn.t been 1 tbrocrton. and I. now in A So. 1 condition It to a Sm-c.
51.00 per d ay houe tcO a dtfirable family hotel.
Manufacturer of all kinds of
Gent.'FineShoe.a.p,. Repairing done neatly and prompUy .
A anare of yonr patrocag reptfnlly elicited.
1813 8econd Avenue. Rok leltnd. M-
Proprietor of the Brady Street
All kind of Cnt Flower constantly on hand.
One block north of nnt ...,..
CONTRACTOR AND BUILDER,
Bhop corner Twenty aecondatreet and Simh.yenne. Beildence 2
Sne prepared to aaake estimate, aad do an kinds of Carpenter work. Giv. him triaL
WE., ROCK ISLAND, ILL.
T. H. ELLIS. Rock Island. II'..
1C36. Cor. Fourteenth St. and Socor.: Av
Sandwiches Furnished on Sbor: No
. - Flower Store
1 Brady Street. Davenport, Io