Newspaper Page Text
THJE ARGU8. FKIDAY, M Y 1 lbill.
Published Daily and Weekly at 1624 Second Av
enue, Rock Island, 111.
J. W. Potter.
Tims Daily, 60c per month; Weekly, J3.00
All communication of a critical or argumenta
tive character, political or rellirlons. mart have
real name attached for publication No each arii
ticlca will be prfnted over fictitious signatures
Anonymous communications cot noticed.
Correspondence eoliclted from every township
in Rock Island county.
Friday, Mat 1. 1881.
A few years ago tbe great Selkirk
glacier in British Columbia was pare
water. Now it is grimy from ashes scat
tered by the burning of forest trees.
South Dakota's divorce boom is giv
ing Chicago considerable concern . Tbe
world's fair city fears a loss of 40 or 50
per cent of her population through an
exodus of legal lights who make connu
bial separation ft specialty.
Stephen B. Elkixs is quoted as au
thority for the statement that "Blaine is
out of the race.' This is no longer news.
Mr. Blaine has been out of the race since
18S4, and there is liit!e doubt that bis
connection wi;h Mr. Harrison has at last
forced him to realize himself as hopeless
ly a back number.
Doctor Lorimer, the elcquent Bap
tist diTine of Chicago, has accepted a call
to return to his old church in Boston. He
makes no pretense that he can do better
work for the Lord in Massachusetts
than in tbe big Illinois city, but frankly
admits that he desires tbe change cn ac
count of his health and because it will re
lieve him from the strain of preparing
new discoursts. He will rest both brain
and body by preaching to his Boston the
sermons he tas already preached to his
John S. Clarkson has an impassioned
defense of the virtue of politicians in the
North American Review for May. No
doubt most politicians are virtuous, but
Clarkson's assurances on the subject are
not conclusive. He is the same man,
says the Indianapolis Sentinel, who stole
the subscription list of the Voice, the
prohibition organ, and used it for repub
lican campaign purposes in 18S8. He
was head and front of the republican
ring which plundered Iowa for so many
years, and was associated with Quay and
Dudley in the management of the blocks
of five campaign. The politicians are
very unfortunate in their champion.
Jay Govld has received, a vast amo uot
of free advertising during the past week
for the fast trip last Wednesday between
Omaha and Chicago.. If there Is any
honor attaching to a record-smashing
run. it btloDgs to the train hands and not
to the passenger in whose interest the
trip was made. Thus truthfully remarks
the Clinton Age and it proceeds forwith
to say. The distance from Council Bluffs
to Clinton, 363 miles, was mide in seven
hours and five minutes, an avenge speed
of over 62 miles an hour. From Clinton
De Kalb the time made was exactly a mile
ft minute. Chicago was reached in . 156
minutes, from Clinton, 30 minutes faster
than the best previous record A portion
of the distance was run at t: e rite of 102
miles an hoar.
That the once brilliant mind of Anna
Dickinson is wrecked does not admit of
much doubt in view of tbe telegraphed
account of her recent appearance on the
lecture platform in New York. Her re
marks were incoherent pers i&iil and vin
dictive, and at times repugnant to Je
C3ncy. For this latter reason several
ladies arose from their seats and left the
theatre. She confirmed the general be
lief that Q'lft) and Clarkssn failed to ade
quately compensate her for her services
to the republican party in 1SS3. but her
assertion that these men and Postmaster
General Wanamaker were in tbo alleged
conspiracy to immure her in an insane
asylum is obviously ayagary. She made
ft paiitful display of mental weakness
when she recalled the circumstance that
In letters sent by Gen. Butler he bad ad
dressed her as Lizzie, and that he was the
only man who bul ever addressed her by
her middle name. The ramblicg, dis
jointed talk will be populirly construed
aa a vindication of Susan Dickinson.
Those who have read it cannot easily en
tertain any other opinion than that in
ending Anna to an asjlum Susan acted
mercifully and cot cruelly.
Mrs. Mai-Karec Merrill (Margaret Man
ton) is as charming in conversation as she
is spicy with her jen. She dresses always
in black, and ber gowns aud bonnets give
tbe lie to tbe current opinion concerning
tbo carelessness in dress of business
Do not under any circumstances make a
bodice that iits you like a tight glove. It
la not good to look at, aud it will certain! v
stretch at the seams and ravel and pro
claim that it was made by some one who
didn't understand the art of dressmaking.
There are 200 women preachers in the
United States who have been ordained dur
ing the latter part of the present progress
ive century. Forty yearn ago only one
woman bad been ordained as tbe pioneer of
the new movement.
The fireside is a seminary of infinite im
portance. It is important because it is
universal, and because the education it be
stows, being woven in the woof of child
hood, gives form and color to the whole
texture of life.
ARRANGEMENT OF ROOMS.
Some rroverba About the Division of n
Uonee for Comfort and limit h.
The dining, living and nursery rooms ar'
wanted to be cool in summer. If they
caught the hot afternoon sun they wouli;
be unbearable in the summer time. There
fore, living rooms should not look west, oi
even south, if this can be helped. As old
Thomas Fuller says: "A south window in
the summer is a chimney with a fire in it,
and needs the screen of a curtain. Iu a
west window in summer time, toward
night, the sun grows low and over familial
with more light than delight." The break
fast room, on the other hand, should be on
the east or sontheast side of the house, lie
cause it is desirable that these apartments
should have the morning sun.
"An east window welcomes tbe infant
beams of the sun before they are of any
strength to do any harm, and is offensive
to none but a sluggard." A library, how
ever, should have a west aspect, because it
is likely to be used most in winter and bad
weather, when the sun's rays will tie agree
able A larder, on tbe other hand, should
be cn the cool side of the house, otherwise
the provisions will not keep. "A north
wind is lest for butteries and cellars, f r
the beer will be sour if the sun smiles on
it." Altogether, we may accept the follow
ing summary of the situation:
"A house wit U a northern aspect is very
often damp and very often bleat and cold;
a southerly aspect is as warm, dry and
bright as is to be had in the situation. An
easterly aspect is cold, especially in the
winter and spring, but as a rule tolerably
dry. A westerly aspect is warm and in
clined to damp, and likely to be exposed to
wtejj and rain."
Tbecondltioa of a house has uittch to do
with its comfort. Before everything else
it should not be damp, for "a damp Lou.-
is a deadly house," says the proverb.
Dampness is generally caused by faults of
construction, and it is very difficult to cure.
In looking over houses, therefore, I advise
yon to take careful note of the signs of
damp; they are generally discernible
enough before the house is done up. Moldy
dark stains on the walls, and the marks of
damp on the floor should make you tnrn
away from a house and never enter it more.
The arrangement of the bedrooms is a
detail not to be overlooked in choosing a
house. One can scarcely lay down a gen
eral rule about the aspect of tedrooms, be
cause their number necessitates their beiug
of all aspects. The great thing is that they
should be well ventilated, and so planned
that the bed may be placed somewhere else
than between tbe window and the fireplace,
or between the door and the fireplace, or
between the door and the window. The
door also should on no account be made to
open full on the place where the bed will
be Forgetfulness of these small details
causes great annoyance. Phrlis Browne in
Passell's Family Magazine,
Chancing liiderwoar at Night.
"I'll wager my newest pair of silver
buckles that Miss B. takes off her gossa
mer vest at night," said an observing and
practical girl the other day as we stood
looking at a mutual friend who was admir
ing a picture in an art gallery.
"I believe I could go through my entire
circle of acquaintances and tell the girls
who do that. And I tell by their color.
No woman of delicate organization can
change all of her garments every night
withont fading the roses in her cheeks. It
is all very weil and necessary to be clean,
and there are certain rules and regulations
laid down on such subjects that every well
conducted woman is supposed to observe.
Bnt in the face of all such rules 1 don't
take oil my flannels at night; neither do I
change them every day, whether the
weather be warm or cold. And the simple
reason is that I cannot do so without seri
ously affecting my health. The dear old
doctor who took me through all of my
childish mishaps tells me that more young
women and babies are washed to deal li
than the world would ever lielieve, and
quite as many have their vitality sapped
by this practice of changing the clothes toe
often, which he declares is barbarous.
"Three or four years ago I was running
down and grew pale and nervous and full
of chills and shivers, and began to fear
that I was getting to be an invalid. I
couldn't do anything without getting fear
fully tired, and my sleep didn't seem to do
me any good.
"One day I went to see the doctor, aud
after asking me all manner of questions,
without arriving at any conclusion, he
spoke of the bat h. I hail been drilled about
too much for that, but had never heard of
the injnry of changing flannels too often.
I wear knitted vests of silk and have leen
in the habit of sleepiug without them
and changing them every day. But 1
stopped short, and in less than a mout h I
bad my color back uirain and could sleep
like a child. I really haven't had a sick
day since. I change twice a week in wiu
tcr and t hree times in summer. At first it
didn't seem nice at all, and I admit that it
isn't a specially romantic thing to say; but
it's a fact, and I wish every delicate or
nervous person understood it.
"I have studied the subject up some and
have taken some observations, und I assure
yon that there are hundreds of men, women
and clildren who are suffering from too
many clean clothes. Every clean garment
absorbs just so much of the wearer's vital
ity, And with delicate persons this is no
trifling matter. Try it, girls, and see which
yon like better, roses in your cheek cr
clean gossamers every day." New York
A Queer Method of Courtship.
The marriage ceremony of the Aus
tralian savages consists often in the sim
ple process of stunning a stray femola
of a neigboring tribe by means of a club,
and then dragging her away an unresist
ing captive, just as the males of the larger
species of seal are said to attack and tem
porarily disable their intended mates.
Another still uglier analogy with tbe
brute creation is their indifference to the
welfare of their own children after they
have once outgrown the age of absolute
helplessness. An Australian mother will
coddle her baby with apelike fondness, and
hardly ever let it stray out of Bight for the
first four years, but as soon as the tod
dling little imp seems able to take care of
itself its debt of gratitude to its progeni
tors has to be paid by the worst kind of
, At the first sign of insubordination a
half grown boy is apt to be kicked out, if
not killed, by his own father, while the
older squaws maltreat every pretty girl as
s possible rival, so much so, indeed, that
the appearance even of a club armed suitor
must often be welcomed as an agreeable
surprise patty. The marriage of near rela
tives is discouraged with a strictness not
often found among barbarians, and polyg
amy, though sanctioned by public opin
ion, is restricted by the difficulty of pro
viding for the wants of a large family. At
a distance from the crab swarming sea
coast famines are rather frequent, but tho
natives have developed a faculty for starv
ing, or half starving, for weeks without
permanent injury, and rely on the experi
ence that sooner or later nature will renew
the supply of spontaneous food. Professor
Felix I. Oswald in Good Words.
Women Artists in the World.
The statement is made by an authority
who has looked into the matter, that there
are more women artists in London, Paris
and New York than there are men engaged
in the same calling, and that the women
are making more money than their niale
The reasons given are that men adhere
too closely to the principles of art, as the
term applies to painting, and do not enter
any of the avenues branching from its
legitimate trend, while women take ad
vantageof the opportunities of all branches,
such as designing, drafting, illustrating
stories and articles for popular publica
tions, and arranging decorations for the
Household. In these fields they have been
very successful, and retain a virtual mo
nopoly of the work, because they are best
adapted to it.
Xot long since, it is recorded, a young
woman attained distinction by illustrating
an article for one of the leading French
magazines, and her work was praised as
lieing far superior to that of the male art
ists who had previously executed all simi
lar work, to the exclusion of women.
"Five years ago."' says the editor of the
publication, "such a proposition would
not have been entertained."
The future of women in the art world
would seem to le a bright one, if the signs
of the times 1 read aright. There is a no
ticeable and commendable activity among
women artists, and recent successes will
doubtless stimulate them to accompli.. .
yet more praiseworthy results. Jenness
Women in Business.
Women are represented in nearly every
branch of business known in Xew York.
There are numerous dealers in groceries,
dry goods, fancy goods, gloves and hosiery,
house famishing articles, carpets, corsets
and clothing; several florists, fnrriers,
pawnbrokers, undertakers, paper dealers;
importers of linen, laeesaud fy-athcrsibric-a-brac
and ar.tiquit ies, china, glass and per
fumes, and dozens of other branches of
employment in which they are engaged to
a greater or less extent. As a class they do
not venture into wholesale business, pre
ferring small profits and less risks, but the
splendid success of very many of these wide
awake business women ought to furnish
an inspiration to others of their sex, per
haps equally capable but less energetic,
vho toil on in poverty and obscurity.
"It is not capital but brains that one
most needs to le successful," said a sty lis-'
modiste. ".Some ladies say that they lack
means to advance in business. I began
vith absolutely nothing bnt my trade, and
now I own a handsome residence, employ
. large force of workers and have a large
.md increasing income."
"Discouragernjints: oh, yes," said an
other successful woman. "I have had
t hem in abundance. I once started for the
3ost river bridge to throw myself over, de
termined to end a life so full of trouble and
care. But I thought better of it before I
had uone many blocks, and" with a little
t winkle of her eyes as she glanced around
l.er elegant apartments "I am very glad
that 1 did." Xew York Cor. Springiield
Mrs. Hall's Idea of In w cililed People.
Mrs. Florence Howe Hail, who is one of
the talented daughters of Mrs. Julia Ward
liowe. says t hat in htr opinion two causes
are contributing to keep women frommar
r.age. "The first, and in my opinion the
more important, is the influence of rela
t ves. Sometimes it is a mother who can
not part wit h her sou, and so induces him
t break off a match; sometimes a father
ho wishes to keen his daughter with him
(:.s was the case with the father of Kliza
b -th Barrett Browning. He never forgave
h T for commiting matrimony). Xow it is
a married sister who prevails upon her sis
U r to remain single or drives away a suitor
it. order that her relative's property may
a. 1 go to her own children; and again an
engagement fails to come to anything be
cj use the fiance must support his mother
"The second cause affects women who
ate used to admiration, and who hesitate
to resign its excitements. They often neg
le :t their first and best opportunities for
marriage, imagining they will have still
Ik tter chances, and hesitate later to make
disadvantageous matches or marry men for
w 10m they '.o not feel affection.
'Some women are unwilling to marry a
pi or man, and yet are too upright to wed
a rich man whom they canuot love and
An Efficient Itailroad Woman.
One of the most remarkable women of
Georgia is Mrs. II. S.Gould, of Machen.
It was largely through her means and ef
forts that the Covington and Macon rail
road was built, and after it was put in op
en tiou she had a great deal to do with its
mi nagement. Jt is related that on one oc
casion an engine of the road had become
derailed at some station on the line. The
local section boss and his men, theengineer,
the conductor aud brakemeu, with per
haps some of the passengers, worked for
ha;irs trying to get tbe big locomotive
bac-k ou the track.
They were preparing to give it up as a
bail job when Mrs. Gould came along. She
saw at a glauce what was the matter, and
gave a few decisive orders. Within twenty
minutes the engine was ready to pull out.
Thore are other and similar stories of her
executive ability and energy. Besides her
railroading operations, Mrs. Gould finds
time to manage her 400 acre farm near
Ma?hen. It is said she has done a great
deal toward building the Middle Georgia
and Atlantic railroad. Macon (Ga.) Tele
graph. Highest of all in Leavening Power.
To Ken ovate Black Goods.
An excellent cleansing fluid, especially
useful when men's garments require reno
vation, is prepared as follows: Dissolve
four ounces if white Castile soap shavings
in a quart o boiling water. When cold
add four ounces of ammonia, two ounces
each of ether, alcohol and glycerine and a
gallon of clear cold water. Mix thorough
ly, and as it will keep for a long time bot
tle and cork tightly for future use. This
mixture will cost about eighty cents and
will make eight quarts.
For men's clothing, heavy cloth, etc.,
dilute a small quantity in an equal amount
of water, and following the nap of the
goods sponge the stains with a piece of
similar cloth. The grease that gathers
upon the collars of coats will immediately
disappear, and the undiluted fluid will
vanquish the more obstinate spots. When
clean, dry with another cloth and press
the. under side with a warm iron. This
fluid is also useful when painted walls aud
woodwork require scouring, a cupful to a
pail of warm water being the proper pro
portion. When washing bkick dress goods soap
must never under nny circumstances be
applied directly to the material. In order
to obtain the necessary suds it must be
shaved and entirely dissolved in a basinful
of boiling water, and then thrown into the
washtub. Harper's Bazar.
Take Time to Eat.
The opinion that hurry in eating is a
prolific cause of dyspepsia is founded on
common observation. The ill results of
"bolting" the food have been attributed to
the lack of thorough mastication, and to
the incomplete action of the saliva utxin
the food. Two-thirds of the food which
we eat is starch, and starch cannot be
utilized by t'ne system as food until it has
been converted into sugar, and this change
is principalis effected by the saliva. But
there is a th:rd reason why rapidity of eat
ing interferes with digestion. The pres
ence of the salivary secretion in the stom
ach acts as a stimulus to the secretion of
the gastric juice.
Irrespective of the mechanical function
of the teeth, food which goes into the
stomach incompletely mingled with saliva
passes slowly and imperfectly through the
process of stomach digestion. Therefore,
as a sanitary maxim of no mean value,
teach the children to eat slowly and in
giving this instruction by example the
teacher as wt 11 as the pupil may receive a
benefit. Sanitary Inspector.
A Decorative Screen.
Xo floating article of furniture is more
decorative than a screen, and there are so
many varieties that it is a difficult matter
to decide which of them all to prefer. A
novelty in a single panel screen that can be
imitated successfully by an ingenious home
worker is made in the ordinary style, with
a stained wood frame, and the panel cov
ered with material, which in this case is
gayly flowered silk more flamboyant in
character than good taste would approve
were it not to lie partly covered. Strips
of the cloudy or semi-transparent celluloid
are interwoven diagonally in a sort of lat
tice work across the silken panel, leaving
regular diamond shaped spaces, through
which the gay flowers reveal themselves
enticingly. The reverse of the panel can
repeat the arrangement, or if the screen is
for actual service a gathered lining of
plain silk may be used, dispensing with
celluloid, which is too inflammable in its
composition to be brought near a lire with
Have rirnt; or Clean Table Linen.
Do not use a tablecloth a whole week ot
a napkin after its freshness is gone. Soiled
table linen will spoil the daintiest dishes.
Scores of housekeepers, with plenty of
money for all household expenses, are ab
solutely stingy in regard to the use of table
cloths. Think of a wife not denying ber fam
ily any delicacy of the season, and sending
many superfluous articles each week to the
laundry, yet compelling her family to sit
around a soiled tablecloth five or six days
of the week, and providing only one or two
napkins for seven days. It seems incredi
ble. Even in small families the cloth
should be changed two or three times in a
week, and the napkins once every day or
two at least. Table linen should be ironed
until perfectly dry, and folded lengthwise,
with the edges even. Washington Star.
It is said to lie a good plan to soak whale
bones a few moments in warm water in
order to make them flexible and conform
to the figure when put in the casings.
Xothing that has ever been introduced to
take the place of whalebones is a perfect
success. Be careful to use a thin, flexible
whalebone. Iletnemlier if you are a short
woman that you must not insist on having
your waist made as long as if you were
taller. Xothing is more awkward than a
long waist on a short woman. It is easy to
remedy such a defect in your figure by
raising the waist line in the dress. Xew
Perhaps you do not know that you can
get pieces of almost any stove which has
leen made in the last thirty years. Make
a note of all the letters and figures on your
old stove, and take or send them to some
stove firm of long standing, and they will
tell you if you can get pieces of your stove,
and where; and they cost but little. Have
a set of stove rivets sent with the castings,
for those now in the stove are probably
rusted out, or nearly so, and once out will
I troublesome to put in ngain. The new
ones cost but a trifle, and are well worth
Prime wheat flour should have the fol
lowing characteristics: When handled,
none should adhere to the finger; if a hand
ful be squeezed, it should uot sift through
the fingers, but should clog together, form
ing a little ball, which will show the fine
lines of the palm for some time after re
lease; if a little ball of flour be dropped on
a table it should even then preserve its
form and continuity, at least in large
A handsome complexion is o ne of the
greatest charms ft woman can possass.
Pozzoni's Complexion powder gives it.
TJ. S. Gov't Report, Aug. 17, 1889.
J. B. ZIMMER,
THE WELL KNOWN
Star Block, Opposite Hakper House.
had purchased for the
Spring and Summer of 1891,
A large rand finer stock than ever. These roods will arrive in a few days. Wait and see them.
H. SIEMON & SON,
toves and yinware,
Baxter Banner Coohing nd Il.-atin? t-vcs and the Geneseo Cooking Stoves
Tin, Copper and Sheet Iron .ork.
in08 SECONT VEM ROCK ISLAND, ILL.
Calf Goodyear Welt Shoes?
The best Men's fine shoe in the city for iha price.
STABY, BERGER & SNELL,
Second and Harrison Sts. . DaveDport.
J. ZMI. CHRISTY,
Steam Cracker Bakery,
MAHTJf ACTTJEEE OF CRACKERS AUD BISCUITS.
Aek your Grocer for them. They are best.
ftVEpeclaltiess The Cirfsty "OYETRS" and the Christy "WAFER."
ROCK ISLAND, ILL.
SEIVERS & ANDERSON,
Contractors eind. Builders,
ALL KINDS OF OABPENTSB WORK BONK.
3f Genera Jobbing dose on short notica and satisfaction guuaxteed.
Office and Shop U12 Fourth Avenue. ROCS ISLAND ILL
Agency for Excelsior Roofing Company.
Ceeafer than Shingles.
Bead for ci:cnlar. TtdciiboEe
Qjpgjcsl House Saloon
GEORGE SIHAFER, Proprietor.
1001 Second Avenue. Corner of SixteeLth Stree - Opposite Harper's Thea're.
The choicest Wines, Liquors.
rreeiancaaveryuav .... Sandwiches Furnished on Short Xo
Office and Shop Corner Seventeenth 6t
and Seventh Avenue,
All torf s of carpenter work a specialty.
. rorcisnou on
ST. JAMES HOTEL,
Corner Twenty-third street and Fonrth atenne.
J. T. RYAN, Proprietor.
This house has just ben refitted throughout and is now in A Ko. 1 condition. It is a Cret-cU"
51.00 per day houre and a desirable family hotel.
Manuf actnrer of all kinds of
BOOTS AND 8HOE3
Qeats' Fins Shoes a specialty. Repairing doss neatly and promptly .
A share of your patronage respsctfuUy solicited.
1818 Second Avenue. Rok Island. ID.
Proprietor of the Brady Street
All kinds of Cut Flowers constant! on hind.
One block north of Central Park, tbe largest
CONTRACTOR AND BUILDER,
Bbop corner Twenty-second street and Ninth avenne. Residence-2935
S3Tla prepared to stake estimates and do all kinds of Carpenter work. Oir him a trial.
T. II. ELLIS, Rock Island. IT: .
1036. Cor. Fourteenth St- and Second Aw
Beer and Cigars always on Hand
: : Rock Island
Plans kn4 estimaiet for all kinds of bnildinss
ROCK ISLAND, ILL
in la. a Brady Street, Davenport, Iowa.