Newspaper Page Text
THifi AKGUB. THUlWi'AY. MAY 7. 1891.
Fabliahed Daily and Weekly at 1C4 Second Av
enue, Rock Irland, 111.
J. W. Potter.
Taims Daily, 60c per month; Weekly, $8.00
All communications of a critical or argnmenta
tie character, political or religious, must have
real name attached for publication. No each arti
Uclea will be printed over fictitious siiraatare
Anonvmoas communication not noticed.
Correspondence solicited from every township
In Bock Island county.
Thursday, Mat T, 1891.
Mil. VIXTOXS VICTOKY.
Ilia World's Fair Sfeaanre ArrppteA
r the Hoaan at Kprinjrflrld aa
Preferable ta the Merritt Bill.
The Chicago Herald's Springfield cor
respondent, commenting on the victory
of Representative Vinton's world's fair
bill, says: The hoase fought for two
hours and a half and then decided in Ju
ror of the state board of agriculture,
and in the senate world's fair committee
this afternoon the opponents of the mil
lion dollar appropriation, who have been
strangely quiescent for several days,
swung their first bold stroke. The Her
ald's report continues:
Capt. Farrell reported the committee
bill, practically the Merritt measure, pro
viding for a commission, a f 1,0K),000
appropriation, and a cold, unfeeling snub
of the agricultural board almost immtdi
ately upon the convening of the house
this morning. The captain made a clever
little speech in favor of the committee
bill and immediately thereafter Dan Pad
dock took the floor and offered the Vin
ton or the state board of agriculture bill
as a substitute, reporting for a minority
of the committee. Mr. Paddock tben
opened a discussion that resembled a new
railroad, in that it had no terminal. lie
also moved that the c msideration of ths
committee bill be postponed until July
5, 1891, which was a vkuperative kick at
Ed Merritt, Mr. Vinton followed Mr.
Paddock, making a strong speech in fa
or of his own bill and Mr. Paddock s
inconsiderate motion. Mr. Merritt spoke
for the opposition, then Mr. Part
ridge for the agricultural side. Mr.
Ileadon followed in the same strain, and
Dorsey Patton, for the first time in many
days, spoke and spoke strongly, in favor
of the Vinton bill. Tben John Sprincer
rose up against it, and Frank Jones for
it. At 12:20 p. m. Mr. Allen moved that
the debate be closed, which was carried.
Then the roll was called on the motion to
postpone the committee bill to July 5.
which wa carried, the yeas being 92 and
niysS6. Mr. Paddock'then moved th4t
the report of the committee on the Vision
bill be non concurred in, and that it be
ordered to a first reading. The yeas
were 96 and the nejs 21. which advanced
the bill to that order. Then Ed Merritt
made his last stand. He moved tht the
report of the committee on his bill, which
waa practically the committee till save
that the appropriation he named was
1500,000. be non-concurred in and that
it be also advanced. The motion wag
tabled by 81 yeas to 21 nays, and present
It. the farmers being once victorious, the
Under the head of "Mr. Vinton's Gal
lant Fight," the Tribune's Sprincheid
Mr. Vinton, of Rock Island, is a warm
advocate of the 1,000.000 appropri ation.
and msde a gallant fight for his bill in
the committee and on the floor of the
house as well. The committee beat Mr.
Vinton, but he baa his victory today when
the house sat down on the committee bi'.l
and sent the Vinton measure on its way
to the senate. There will be a fight
Bgamst the $1,000,000 appropriation
when the bill comes up in the order of
second reading, but the odds are all
against the reduction of that amount.
If I trade with a Canadian, a Mexican
or an Eoglishmn, says the Chicago
Tariff Reformer, it is for the same reason
that I trade with an American that I
would rather have the thing he gives me
than the thing I give him. Why should
I refuse to trade with a foreigner any
more than with a fellow citizen when m v
object In trading is my advantage.not hi6?
And is it cot in the one case, quite as
much as in the other, an injury to me
that my trade should be prevented? What
difference does it make whether it would
be possible or impossible for me to make
for myself the thing for which I trade?
If I did not want the thing I am to get
more than the thing I am to give. I wcu'd
not wish to make the trade.
The Italians in Philadelphia, who num
ber oyer 20.000, are organizing the
"Italo American League," which is to
have branches all over the country. The
main object of the league is to American
ize all the Italians who come to the United
States. This is a commendable object,
and its success will be very advantageous
to the Italians living among us.
Starvation, eviction, murder! These
are the weapons used by the Pennsylva
nia coke ba-ons to maintain their boasted
"legal rights." But they are breeding an
awful pestilence of popular wrath, which
sooner or later will wipe them from the
face of the earth. They are sowing the
wind. Their harvest of whirlwind will
Ikdiaxapolis Sentinel: Pennsylvania
is the "banner republican state," and in
Pennsylvania the Pinkertona have full
sway. In Indiana, however, thanks to a
democratic legislature, these mercenaries
are not permitted to shoot down work
ingmen. Governor Boyd, of Nebraska, a dem
ocrat, was elected governor. The repub
lican supreme court of Nebraska, says
that be was elected but turns him out of
office on a technicality.
JUTE BAGGING FRAUDS.
HOW UNCLE SAM WAS ROBBED BY
THE BAGGING TRUST. .
Tlie Drawback on Cotton Uacclng- Mow
the Trust Pocketed the Exporters
Money A Very Shady Transaction Fully
Mr. Iredell Meares, formerly deputy
collector of customs at Wilmington, N.
C, has given a description of the jute
drawback frauds by which the govern
ment was robbed of $242,000 by the Jute
Bagsjjns trust The law in force up to
last October allowed a drawback of 90
per cent (it is now 99) "on articles man
ufactured of materials imported, on
which duties have been paid."
There are manufacturers in the United
States, in various lines of trade, largely
dependent upon foreign raw material to
supply the needs of their business, and
where they take the product of their fac
tories, made entirely of imported duty
paid material, and export it to foreign
markets, or where the purchasers of
their product, who thereby indirectly
pay the duty upon the raw material, ex
port the manufactured article to foreign
countries, it would seem that the statute
operates justly in refunding the duty.
Jute is now on the free list by the
McKinley law, but it is of interest still
to recall these jute drawback frauds to
show what steals are possible in our cr.s
The person entitled to a drawback is
the exporter, and he alone. When the
manufacturer sold the bagging he made
the buyer pay him the duty on the jute,
and clearly he had no further claim upon
anybody for a refund of the duty. The
cotton planter bought the baggins with
the duty added to the price, and the cot
ton itself sold with the duty added. The
exporting merchant was the last in the
line of American purchasers to pay the
duty, and if anybody was to receive the
refund of duty from the government Le
was evidently the man. Hence the law
provides that the exporter shall produce
the certificate from the collector of the
port where the duty was originally paid;
that "the exporter shall produce the
sworn affidavit of the proprietor and
foreman of the manufactory at which
the article was manufactured."
The law never contemplated that the
importer of the raw material should re
ceive the refund of duty unless he were
also the exporter of the manufactured
article. Likewise, the law makes no pro
vision for a refund of duty to the manu
facturer unless he himself exports his
product. Tlio law recognizes the princi
ple that when goods made of foreign raw
materials are sold, the seller makes back
all that had been paid in duties.
Now, in the jute bagging referred to
there was the grossest fraud. When, in
1SS3, it was determined to extend the
drawback provision to jute bagging the
determination was not generally made
public Mr. Meares says:
'The decision of the department to
this effect was made by letter to the
collector of customs at New York,
dated at Washington, Nov. 14, 1883, and
signed by the assistant secretary of the
treasury. Copies of this letter were in
closed in communications separately
sent to each office for the guidance of
collectors at smaller ports. The letter
does not appear, however, in the bound
volume of synopsis of treasury decisions
for the year 1SS3. It is the custom of the
department to issue in printed circular
form for gratuitous distribution instruc
tions of this kind.
"Why was this not published in the
monthly and yearly editions of instruc
tions and decisions? It may have been
intentionally withheld from too much
public notice. In any event, it served
well the manufacturers' purposes. It is
not charged that they instigated the let
ter above quoted and had notice of it
quietly forwarded to the several ports
by some one friendly to their scheme
and having some power over the matter
in the department at Washington, in
stead of publishing it widespread, but it
is mentioned as one of the coincidences
which so nicely fit in with the suspicious
payment of the drawback claims dis
cussed. Had the intention of the de
partment to allow jute bagging to be
come subject to drawback duty been
given out publicly exporters would have
immediately sought their rights in the
premises, having notice of the law and
regulations, but the manufacturers
would have been disturbed in their quiet
progress in collecting it."
As this ruling of the department was
not properly published, the exporters of
cotton were not aware that a refund
of duty would be made; but in some
way the United States Bagging Manu
facturers' association or jute bagging
trust got the information, and
the members of this trust went
quietly to work to gobble up what
belonged to the cotton exporters. The
members of the trust, being import
ers, could produce evidence that they
imported at certain times and in certain
quantities the raw material, and as man
ufacturers they could furnish the re
quired affidavits as to when and where
this pile was made into bagging, but
how could they identify this raw ma
terial in the exports? They could not,
but they made a bluff at it. Mr. Meares
"With this evidence in hand, which
nominally but substantially met the re
quirements of the regulations to produce
evidence of import and manufacture of
the article upon which the demand for
drawback is made, and armed by a
power of attorney, the local agent
watched the exportations of cotton at
his particular port, and whenever local
exporters cleared a cargo of cotton to
foreign maruets he forthwith proceeded
to file his claim, in behalf of the associa
tion, for the payment of the drawback
duty, and during the season of 1SS3 and
1884 succeeded in collecting it at a num
ber of the cotton ports. The form in
which these claims are made state under
oath of party making them that the par
ticular lot of jute bagging therein stated
to have been exported was manufactured
in the United States of the jute butts
certified to in accompanying documents
as having been imported and duty paid,
and the date) of import, when, where
and by whom manufactured is inserted
and sworn to.
"When it is remembered that it is a
practical impossibility to follow this bag
ging from the factory, through the mer-
: chants' and farmers' hands, and back to
its place of exportation, after the rolls
in which it was first sold have been cut
up and separate pieces wrapped around
the cotton bales, and identify it as that
made from any particular importation,
it will readily be seen that the certifi
cates filed as to import and manufacture
are merely nominal, and substantially
proved nothing as to identity."
These gentlemen seemed to have no
fear of perjury before their eyes. They
had to swear that the exported bagging
was made solely from the jute butts im
ported, and manufactured as "in said
entry stated" a thing which they could
not possibly know.
Of course a man who will juggle with
an oath in this fashion will not hesitate
about mixing himself up with another
man's property, but the nerve of this
proceeding is something delightful. The
exported property did not belong to the
United States Bagging Manufacturers'
association. That association was not
exporting the cotton or the bagging. It
liad nothing to do with or no claim upon
?ither. Yet it stationed an agent at
jvery port in the United States who
"laimed and received five dollars a ton,
.ess 10 per cent., on a class of exports to
vhich it had not a shadow of title. It
is interesting to note that the outrage
which was allowed under the Arthur ad
ministration was stopped shortly after
Mr. Cleveland became president. This
was not only very bad morals, but it
was very bad law, as Mr. Meares shows:
"The collector at each port is required
ta determine whether the regulations
r.re properly complied with, and whether
t ue claim is properly and substantially
rroven. In the cases here discussed the
drawback was paid to the manufactur
ers, although their names did not appear
on the export manifest at the custom
house as the shippers, in the face of
the requirarnent of the Revised Stat
utes, section 3.038, which reads, 'All
djbentnres shall bo issued and made
p.iyable to the original importer of
the merchandis2, entered for export
ation, whenever the same shall be
rt quested in writing, by the exporter,
b-it not otherwise.' This is an express
inhibition upon the government officials
paying claims of this character, how
e er well established otherwise, to any
other person than the exporter, unless
so requested by him in writing, and it
w is totally disregarded by the collect
ors liquidating the refund here referred
to. Investigation discloses the fact that
ths written authority required in all
such cases was not produced by the
cl.iimants of the refund, as the law re
qrired, and either through gross care
lessness cr connivance the claims were
illegally and wrongfully paid."
The amount of money thus received
by the enterprising manufacturer was:
In 18S3, $107,1S3.06; in 1SS4, fll6.C83.72;
in 18S3. $13,52o.40. Total, 242,392.13.
A Sick !einsn Man.
A thoroughly selfish man is a nuisance
uider any circum.-tances, but as an invalid
he is intolerable. During his convalescence
wee to his wife, if he has one. His conch
or easy chair is as a throne, from which he
di tares to his household as an absolute
ranarch to his serfs. No consideration
h$- he for their tired muscles, their brains
daed for lack of sleep, their spirits faint
and weary with fruitless endeavors to
erx the his causeless irritation. He pets
hinself, he commiserates his own condi
tion he sifihs as he surveys his attenuated
vis ge in the looking glass, but not a jot
of sympathy, not a sratcful word has he
for the wasted watchers to whose nursing
he owes his life, whose love, stronger than
death, has rescued him from the Krip of
L such a creature worthy of the tender
can; he thus undervalues and contemns?
Well, that is a family question which most
be left to the decision of the si-lf worshiper's
nobler half, and it is not difficult to guess
bow she will decide. Somehow or other
your exacting, pitiless men generally
marry gentle, patient, loving women, and
the amount of contumely and ingratitude
whi:h a gentle, patient, loving wife will
bear uncomplainingly from a "brute of a
has land" is beyond all computation.
Bynn makes his barbaric hero Mazeppa
say hat "time at last sets all things even;"
but we suspect that it will require a goodly
portion of eternity to "even up" all things
witl a selfish husband. New York Ledger.
Thackeray and the Showman.
Thackeray, who lost his mother when
abott five years of age, was taken in
charge of by his aunt, Mrs. Ritchie, who
was tlarmed on finding that her husband's
hat fitted the boy. She accordingly took
him to Sir James Clark. After an exam
ination the popular physician said:
"Eon't lie afraid: he has a large head,
but t here is e. (Treat deal in it."
Thickeray had not only a large bead,
bnt he was tall and large altogether. He
used to tell his own story of the traveling
showman whom he found one day sitting
disconsolate ly the roadside, because he
had just lost his (riant. Thackeray asked
whetaer he mit;ht do for the place. Crit
ically and seriously the showman exam
ined aim and Haul:
"W ell, you're nigh tall enough, but I'm
afraid you are too hugly." London Tit
Netrly 30,000 violent or sudden deaths
occur every year in England calling for in
quests twice as many as the number of
Germ tns killed in the Franco-German
war, rnd for every violent death there are
at lea. t fifty accidents.
Hif hest of all in Leavening Power.
JUDGE NOT iN HASTE.
Ne'er be hasty in your jutigment,
Never foremost to extend
Evil mention of a nciU'txir,
Or of one you've caU"d a fricud.
Of two rea-sons for aa action
Choose the better, not the worst.
Oft, with some, the ciiuncr motive
Ever strikes the fancy first.
Then be gentle with mi'ortuno;
Never foremost to extend
Evil mention of unciKlitr.
Or of one you've call'd a friend.
Judge nut with detracting spirit:
Speak not with disdainful toucuc.
Nor with hard and hasty feeling
Do one human creature wroui.
Words there are that, siiarp as wir.tcr
Strip the little left to cberr.
Oh, be yours the kicder mission.
l'rone to soothe, not caue a tear.
Then be gentle with misfortune;
Never foremost to extend
Evil mention of a neighbor.
Or of one you've coil'd a friend.
New York 1-edgcr.
Hooks ami Conversation.
Conversation demand. knowledge, and
to Bay it could never have been carried very
far without Ixwks is but to say it could not
have flourished without a record of the
best, and, it inuFt be said, the worst, which
men have done, thought and imagined.
For us. of course, it is impossible to imag
ine life without such a record. Society has
been called "a strong solution of books."
Science and Inters agree in representa
tions of life without literature as life in
which, not conversation, but coarser pleas
ures played t ho chief part.
What conversation would lie possible
among the degraded Australian savages,
referred to by Darwin, who u-e very few
abstract won Is aud cannot count above
four? Kven the early Greeks themselves
preferred siood living. Feasting with music
is declared by Ulysses the "fairest thing in
the world." Conversation and literature
have grown up together, and, like the
"love birds," we cannot have one without
the other. Nosustained conversation goes
far without some aid from books, no witty
conversation would be intelligible without
knowledge of t hem.
Miss Lydia White, a brilliant Irish wo
man and a Tory, used to Rive famous par
ties in those days, at the beginning of this
century, when the Whigs were for a gen
eration or more in a hopeless minority. At
one of these parties all the guests were
Whigs, and they were complaining of the
sorry plight of their party. "Yes," said
Sydney Smith, "we are in a most desperate
condition we must do something to help
ourselves: I think we had letter sacrifice a
Tory virgin." Lydia White at once caught
and appiied the allusion to Iphigenia. "I
believe," said she. "there is nothing the
Whigs would not do to raise the wind."
Terfame and Cleanliness.
How many ladies know that the sweet
odors with which they love to surround
themselves are really stimulating. and re
freshing la vonuer and lemon that our
grandmothers folded away i:i chests ot
linen, roses and violets that breathe in
gentle fra.Trance from every fold and frill
of sweet woman's habiliaieuts today, even
the homely scents of sae ana benzine.
There is an occasional grumbler who, foi
want of something else to criticise, pro
fesses an aversion to this perfume habit
among women, and descants learnedly on
the superattraction of well bathed nature's
own fragrance emanating from a cleanly
person clothed in fresh linen.
Bnt the grumbler doesn't understand
that the taint, delicate fragrance of per
fume is the sijm manual of perfect cleanli
ness. Sweet odors, like fresh flowers, fade
swiftly when brought in proximity with a
person which, from disease or carelessness,
emits any poisonous vapors. So the next
time you meet a lady with that faint, in
toxicating fragrance lingering in her gar
ments you may know for a certainty that
the cleanliness that is next to godliness is
the basis and beginning of the fragrance
that delights you. New York Sim.
Homemade Stained Glass.
Imitation stained glass, which may be
turned to good account for flower or land
scape tablets to be hung before windows
to add, in addition to any attraction of the
design, color vivacity to a room, may be
executed by covering the glass with a thin
film of turjentine, and painting on this in
varnish colors somewhat thiu. The glass
is to lje placed in a warm, dry place for a
few days. The design may be placed be
neath the glass or outlined aa its face by
means of transfer paper ana a tracer.
Ladies' Home Journal.
The Situation Described.
It remained for a San Francisco man who
was seeking an office from the president,
and who had been in town some time wait
ing for it to make one of the best after din
ner hits. He was called upon tO'-k at
a banquet and boldly proclaimed '-
was after an office.
"And here," he went on, "I've been four
months waiting and waiting and hoveriny
between the certainty of an appointment
or a disappointment!" Washington Star.
Jut Why a Fat Man Puffs.
In suggesting a new theory of the sun's
light and heat to the members of the Bos
ton Scientific society, Mr. George Smith
showed scientific reasons why a fat man
should suffer more than a lean one in sum
mer. The new theory, briefly put, is this:
Gravity is an ethereal force continually
streaming from space through every solar
or celestial body. If the body is not mov
able with relation to some larger body,
this force of gravity becomes that form of
molecular motion which we call heat.
As gravity depends upon the mass of a
body, and us heat is, according to Air.
Smith's theory, in one sense gravity, it fol
lows that the larger a body is the hotter.
Hence the fat man's discomfort. Boston
James Parton says that his best books
have enjoyed a far smaller sale than : bis
poorest, and he feels a certain measure of
btitoiilation over the melancholy fact.
Private boarding for respectable young
men at 218 Seventeenth street.
U. S. Gov't Report, Aug. 17, 1889.
J B. ZIMMER,
-THE WELL KNOWN-
Stab Block, Opposite Haeper House.
has purchased for the
Spring and Summer of 1891,
A Urge rand finer stock than ever. These poods wi!l arrive la aow days. Wait and sve the a
H. SIEMON & SON,
toves and Tinware,
Saxter Banner Cookinc n 1 Heating Stoves and the Geneseo Cooking Stoves
Tin, Copper and Sheet Iron Hork.
u.os sEco.vr 4VE.; rock island, ill.
HAVE YOU SEEN THE
Calf Goodyear Welt Shoes?
The best Men's fiueshoe ia the city for the price.
STABY, BERGER & SNELL,
ierond and Hurrisna Sts
Steam Cracker Bakery,
BtAKTTTACTTSBXR 07 CK4CXXS8 A.KD BISCUITS.
Atk your Grocer for them. They are best,
fcy Spc!&:t1si : Tte CtriKj '0T8TKS' Bd the Christj "WAFIE."
ROCK ISLAM). ILL.
SEIVERS & ANDERSON,
Contractors and. Builders,
ALL KIND 8 O CARPENTER WORK DONE.
General Jobbing done on short none and satisfaction guaranteed.
Office and Shop 1412 Fourth Avenue. ROCK ISLAND ILL
Agency for Fxcelsior Roofing Company.
Cheaper than Shingles.
Send for ci.-c.nlar. Telephone
GEORGE SCHAFER, Proprietor.
1C01 Second Avenue. Corner of Bixteenh Stree . Opposite Harper's Theatre.
The choicest Wines, Liquors.
Free Lunch Every Dar
B. F. DeGEAR,
Contractor etnd Builder,
Office and Shop Corner Seventeenth St. T i T l J
and Seventh Avenue, I ' K.OCK island
A11 kW of carpenter work a specialty. Flans and estimates for all kind, of bulldingt
rurrlan-i an application.
ST. JAMES HOTEL,
Comer Twenty-third street and Fourth avenue EOCK 1SLASIX( ILL.
J. T RYAN, Proprietor.
This house has just been "."ngboBt nd is now in A Ko. 1 condition. It is a Bt - cU
51.00 per day houre and a desirable family hotel.
Manufacturer of all kinds of
Gents' Fine Shoe, .specialty. Repairing done neatly and promptly.
A snare of your patrons recpactf uEy aolicited.
Proprietor of the Brady Street
All kinds of Cut Flowers constantly on hand.
One block north of Central Park, ,h. Lrgest
CONTRACTOR AND BUILDER,
Shop corner Twenty-wcond street and Kintk .venne. Residence 29SS
Thirteenth arena e. .
rit prtpred to eatimato. and do all kinds of Carpenter work. Giwim a trial.
T.- H. ELLIS, Rock Island. III.
10. Cor. Fourteenth St and Second Av,'
Beer and Cigars always on Hand
Sandwiche Furnished on Short So
1618 Second Avenue. Rok Island,
1. Ia. BltTeet. Davenport, Io-a .