Newspaper Page Text
THJE ARGUB. THURSDAY, MAY 14 1891.
Published Daily ard Weekly at 1621 Second At
eaoe, Kock Inland. 111.
J. W. Potter.
Tbms Dil y, 60c per month; Weekly, $3.00
All eommanicaUoTiR of a critical or argumenta
tlre character, political or religious, mart have
real name attached for publication. No snch arti
ticlea will be punted over fictitious aiirnatnrea
Anonvmous communications not noticed.
Correspondence eoliclted from eTery township
In Rock Island county. .
Thursday, Mat 14. 1801.
The McKinley bill is getting in its work.
There were 212 failures in the United
State last week. For the corresponding
period last vear there were 185. This is
ft big difference.
Gen. John M. Palmer sajs he is not a
candidate for president or vice-president.
That's all right, but the democratic party
may insist on him serving in one of the
The Pennsylvania railroad is bringing
the president home again from his
$150,000 trip at its expense. It has
evidently done him good. He is as
pleased and as pleasing as if his con
science did not trouble him in the least
for being accessory before and after the
fact to the McKinley bill and the thous
and million dollar raid on the treasury.
The Union apologizes this corning
for staling that the Gest resolutions were
adopted at the republican county conven
tion last Monday, when in truth they
were rejected by a vote of 23 to 43. It
is pretty hard for the Union to chronicle
the defeat of Mr. Gest or any of his
whims, and the drubbing which he re
ceived last fail still rankles in its breast.
The Pennsylvania ballot law was a
cheat originally and intended ss such, but
some amendments have been added that
make it still worse. It is proposed that
it shsll not go into effect until Jan. 1.
1692, and independent tickets are made
well-nigh impossible. There is no mis
take about the hostility of Qasy's party
towards reform, and Quay is still at the
head of the republican organization.
It is charged that Cullom and Fifer, of
Illinois, are plotting to have the proposed
$1,000, 000 appropriation placed in the
hands of a partisan committee who will
use it with a view of advancing the io
teretts of the republican party instead of
for the best interest of the world's fair.
That would be a shameful outrage upon
the people of Illinois Keokuk Constitution-Democrat.
Oh no, Mr. Iowa neighbor, we have a
man in the legislature named Vinton
whose foresight in placinp the matter in
the hands ef the state agricultural botrd
has prevented any such jugglery.
The TartnT Tim mate.
At the meeting of the National Associa
tion of Canned Goods Packers in Chi
cago last week, the prevailing opinion ex
isted that the tariff on tin plate worked
an actual hardship to the canned goods
industry. Congressman Bunting, of New
York, delivered an address replete wi;h
statistical data, showing the injustice of
the tax. Among other things he said:
There are 2,000 canning concerns in the
United States today consuming the pros
ducts from 2.000.CCO acres, or 50,000
farms of 40 acres each. These can
neries pay over $20,000,000 for produce.
They give employment to over 1.000,000
persons. It id safe to compute that these
concerns pack on an average of 500,000
cam yearly, which would make the aggre
gate output over l.COO.000.000. Calling
the duty of $2.37 a box on plates only
) cent per can (and it figures, to be accu
rate, just of a cent), and we find the
tariff assessments sgainst onr industry to
be $5,000,000 yearly. Five million
dollars baa to be paid in to the
government yearly by a young, deserv
ing, popnlsr industry in order that
iron barons may experiment with safety
in the manufacture of tin-plate. This ex
action in its application is no more len
ient than an out and-out license to that
effect for doing a canning business. It is
estimated that the farmer receives on an
average ot 2 cents for the produce con
tained in the can. In the absence of the
duty on tin plate the packer could afford
to pay the farmer 2 cents for the pro
duce, or 25 per cent more than he now
pays him, and still be abfe to sell the
canned product at the same price; or, no
the other hand, in the absence of the
duty the packer could afford to throw in
$5,000,000 worth of canned goods free of
charge. In other words, the consumer
could buy 15 per cent more of canned
goods for the same money. And this
surplus being simply thrown in, the con
Burner would certainly receive it. Tbis
woul 1 necessitate tbe packers putting up
$5,000,000 more of product, which means
buying of the farmer more produce. It
is equal to tbe product of 50,000 acres of
land, while tbe growing of this cx'ra
produce together with the work
implied in packing, labeling and boxing
ready for shipment, would giye more
employment than the wildest dreams of
a prospective tin plate industry large
enough to supply the whole American
trade. We economizs in tbe labor cost
on making cans, yet the duty in the plate
Is equal to double the amount paid for
the labor cost in cans.
It was the publishing of a dispatch in
TheAbgcs that some capitalists were
about to engage in the manufacture of
tin, that called forth the recent diatribe
from Boss Wells, in which, as usual, he
extolled the virtues of tbe McKinley bilk,
If the development and manufacture of
tin ore in tbis country should expand, as
we trust it will, it will be different to
make people believe that a high tariff on
the foreign production had anything to
do with it. Since 1843 we have been
protecting tne unborn tin plate industry,
yet in the face ef protection the import
tation of plate has increased from 546,
000 boxes in 1862 to 0, (59,734 in 1889.
PRICES OF PLATE ULA'JS.
A FALSE PROTECTION CLAIM IIX-POSEa
Where the Price of Plate Glass Fell Fti-aU
The Downward Coarse of Price to
France Before Wa BrrD to Manufact
ure Domeatic and Foreign Prices N w.
The high tariff papers of the counl ry
are at present making a great ado over
the plat glass industry, which they
claim is a triumph of protection. They
are constantly asserting that it was i ot
until the industry was established in
this country that the prices of plate gLiss
began to fall, and they are very fond of
comparing the prices which prevail id
from 18T0 to 1872 with those at whiih
the glass is sold now.
How careful they are not to say any
thing about the real cause of the bi,;h
prices which prevailed during the for
mer period. France is the most impor
tant center for the industry in Euro,
and it is from France that nearly all
our imports f plate glass have corre.
During the Franco-Prussian war all in
dustries were shaken up, and the drain
of recruit from the workmen for t'ra
armies caused a great rise in wages.
For the same reason the prices of ma
terials rose, which, taken in connection
with tbe heavy taxes and expenses int i
dent to manufacturing industries in w.ir
time, caused an abnormal rise in the
cost of production, and hence the price
It is just as logical, therefore, to cor.i
pare the prices of wool during war time
and now as it is to compare present
prices of plate glass with those ruling in
1872. The average price of Ohio wo. il
in New York in January, 1S65, w.-
ninety -six cents to $1.02 per pound. Tl e
present price is thirty-one cents rr
pound. Behold the effect of a high tarif!.
Of course such a comparison is absurd,
but so is that made by the high tari I
papers on plate glass.
History tells us that in 1CP9 the Counr
ess of Frique exchanged an estate for
single mirror of plate glass. Only three
years later a yard of plate glass sold i i
England for 0 12s., or $32.11.
How absurd is the statement of the
papers that plate glass did not fall i:i
price until the industry became estab
lished here is shown by the following
figures, which are for xlate glass sold 1 v
the St- Gobain plate glass works of
PRICES PF.H SQUARE FOOT.
KiV lsju. IsaS.
S9.Xx.T0.3T inches..S-2T S1-U8 $'1.86 0.di
T8.Tii38.37 inches- 6.76 2J6 1.91 1.
This does not show that prices were
kept up until we began to make plate
glass. On the contrary, the prices havt
steadily fallen. Only during the pas;
decade have onr manufacturers beer
able to produce enough glass to affect
The duty on the sizes of plates now
imported are twenty-five cents and fiftj
cents per square foot, and our manu
facturers add the duty to the price oi
the glass they make, thus enabling them
to exact this amount from the consum
ers. That the domestic manufacturers
do add the whole amount of the duty to
their glass is shown by the fact that,
while the 6iuall quantity of plate glass
imported last year is valued in the treas
ury reports at slightly less than thirty
three cents per square foot, the domestic
manufacturers sell their output at an
average of about eighty-five cents. Thus
the domestic manufacturers are able to
declare enormous dividends on watered
capital, and last year the Pittsburg
Plate Glass company declared a divi
dend of 31 per cent.
At the same time that the manufact
urers make these enormous profits they
pay the lowest wages-of any industry re
quiring skilled labor. The highest wage
they pay their workmen for twelve
hours' work is three dollars per day.
This amount is earned by the master
teasers. Other workmen receive as low
as $1.23 per day for the same number of
hours. They are enabled to keep the
wages down by importing contract labor
ers in spite of the contract labor law.
The real causes of the fall in the price
of plate glass are the use of machinery,
which makes possible cheaper produc
tion, and the greatly increased demand
for plate, which in turn makes possible
production on a large scale.
The true effect of the duties upon
plate glass, therefore, is to make possi
ble the combinations among the manu
facturers to keep up prices and keep
down wages. It is impossible to evade
the duties so that the prices they fix can
not be cut. But they succeed in evad
ing the contract labor law so that they
have practical free trade in labor. Thus
on the one hand they make consumers
pay more, and on the other force their
workmen to accept less for their labor.
These are the true effects of the high
duties, and, being such, tariff reformers
are perfectly contented to let their op
ponents have all the glory that they can
make out of them.
A Tack Trust.
The tack companies of New England
have met and formed a trust. Several
years ago there was a larger tack trust,
the history of which is thus given in
Hardware, tbe New York trade journal:
When the tack manufacturers com
bined several years ago they at first were
satisfied with a moderate profit. A high
tariff protected them, and all would have
been well, but 10 per cent, dividends
gave way to 15, cupidity took 20, and
then "the bit was taken" and 30 was
considered none too good. Capital dis
covered the golden mine, and almost any
one who could talk tacks found it possi
ble to obtain a moneyed partner, and
when the end came eighty concerns were
uncovered to the light of statistics. The
impetus was on, however, and the num
ber did not stop there. It was the kill
ing of the goose that laid the golden egg
with a vengeance not often seen.
Axes are lower this year than they
were last. Why? Because the trust is
trying to kill off the smaller manufact
urers who are not in the trust. When
its rivals are dead it will enjoy its 45 per
cent protection undisturbed.
THE GREATEST ACTOR.
The Successful Tramp Has Qualities That
Make Him the Peer of Many.
Best actors are not always members of
tbe dramatic profession. The end aimed
at in acting Is the snatching of a page from
a book of real life. But a majority of
actors on the stage fail to secure a page
from the right book, and are therefore
not lifelike, while the "oil stager," with
tbe actual necessities of life before him,
rarely fails to produce the effect at which
he aims. Take the tramp. In the street
he is burly and abusive; be is off duty. The
next moment he goes into an office and ap
proaches a man at a desk. Is he burly?
No, he's lamblike now, for he is on duty.
On his face there is an expression of most
acute anxiety, softened by a melancholy
toning of Bweet resignation. How hag
gard he looks! What a tremulous sugges
tion of long and patient suffering does bis
voice convey! He is lame, and any one can
see that he has a pain in his back, and that
his liver is out of order. He has no home,
no friends, no money. Days have passed
since he has eaten a morsel, and in his eyes
there lurks the blighting light of gaunt
despair. Can it be possible that this is the
man who yesterday frightened a farmer's
wife half to death and caused a whole
neighborhood to rise up in arms? Is this
the man who was harshly fined by a coun
try justice of the peace and sent to do
drudgery on the county farm?
Yes, he is the man, but how changed'
His rough beard, which then seemed to
stand out in malicious and revengeful de
fiance, is now an expresser of subdued pov
erty, and the club which a few days ago be
so combatively flourished over the head of
a boy that bad hesitated about bringing
him something to eat is now a meek stall
of necessary support. The man at the
desk knows the fellow. He knows that
the fellow is a monstrous fraud, yet he
cannot help but admire so perfe?t a piece
of acting. The fellow is playing for some
thing to satisfy a want, and what more
can be attributed to the stage man
"I have gone days without food," says
the tramp, "and am almost starved. If
you will give me ten cents"
Here his voice quivers and the tears start
to his eyes, but with a masterful effort he
conquers his emotions. "I don't like to
ask you, but I aiu't able to work. I had a
job, but had to give it up on account of
sickness. I have had fever, and ain't able
to be out now."
The man knows that the fellow hasn't
been sick, aud that he doesn't want any
thing to eat, and though he may refuse the
ten cents, yet he caniiot help but admire
the fine piece of acting. Has Booth ever
!een so lifelike, and would not a study of
the tramp Lelp Mansfield? Arkausaw
S.ie Bore fp Well.
An elderly and rather stout lady was not
lon since riding in a train which was ju-st
approaching the Forth bridge. She was
evidently unaccustomed to traveling, and
her constant fire of remarks to whoever
would listen afforded not a little amuse
ment to those within hearing. The old
lady was nervous about the bridge, of
which she had seen pictures, and which she
had made up her mind was not fully to be
trusted. She kept inquiring when the train
would come to it. At last she was told that
the bridge in question was at hand.
"Well," the old lady said with pathos, "I
don't know whether we shall get over alive
or not, but if we don't it shall not be my
She settled into the corner of the seat
with a determined air and a puckered up
mouth, which were only less droll than the
general air of responsibility which brooded
over her. During the passage of the bridge
she could not be persuaded to say a word,
but seemed to be holding her breath.
"There," a gentleman iu a neighboring
seat said, "we are over it safe."
Tbe old woman heaved an explosive
"Well," she said, "if we had gone to tbe
bottom I should have died with a clear
conscience, for it wouldn't have been my
weight that did it. I bore up so that I
know I really made the train lighter than
it would have been without me." Loudon
Spoiled hy Luxury.
Luxury and ease never bring out the
highest qualities in a man's character;
work and hardship are required for his
William H. Seward, it is said, once ran
away from college in a fit of anger at his
father, and went to teach a school in a
southern state. After some months Sew
ard thought better of his college, was
reconciled to his father, aud returned to
his studies, A classmate, one of the most
brilliant men in the college, took charge
of the southern school.
Years after Seward met this classmate,
who had married a rich southern lady, had
settled down on a large plantation, and had
grown fat and lazy, doing nothing in the
way of study, and turning out a very com
monplace man, without ambition or intel
lectual power. A fine scholar had been
spoiled by a life of luxury.
Mr. Seward congratulated himrlf on his
own escape from such an ignoble fate.
"Had I married a rich plantation," he
used to say, "1 might have been satisfied
with a life of eusy indolence." Youth's
Cmn ritch and Raise Hair.
A former professional baseball player,
now residing in the far west, has discov
ered that Iudians t hereabouts "can pitch
like fun," an 1 that "they cau give twists
that would make the hair of an ordinary
ball player stand on end." This suggests
a method of giving the Indians profitable
employment. It also holds out promises
of new excitements iu the game by the
possibility tlat after the Indian pitchers
nad made the hair of the players stand on
end they mifcht, in the disputes over close
plays, take the hair off the umpire alto
gether. Pittsburg Dispatch.
"That was a fine coat you made Buster,
llr. Smith. What did he pay for that?"
"Nothing," returned Snip sadly. !
"So?" said Binka. "I'll take two at the
same price." Harper's Bazar.
Be Was Ready.
The excellent pastor of one of our tip
town churches was hunying into the
Michigan Central depot when he met a
countryman with his carpet bag coming
from the train.
"What time is it, sir?" asked the pas
The countryman drew himself up with
a no-you-don't-mister air, and answered
"Daytime. I see thro' your little game.
Besides, I left my watch to hum to fool
just sich sharks as you. Day-day."
Detroit Free Press.
Two Bad Eggs.
me a gun. Look
Almost a Trageily.
"Eureka, have you ever looked death
in the face?
In the dim light of the single gas jet
that flickered louesomely in the sky par
lor of a West Madi.on street boarding
house the form of the young man whe
asked this question in a husky, trein
bling whisper cast a vague shadow on the
dingy wall and heightened the unearthly
ghastliness of his pallid face.
"Ha! ha!" she laughed scornfully.
"What does it matter to you, George
"It matters to you!" he hissed between
his set teeth. "Eureka Plumduff, the
last hour of your life has come! You
have carried your fickleness, your deceit,
your heartless treatment of me a little
He laid a slungshot, a sandbag, a paii
of brass knuckles, two bowie knives, a
bottle of vitriol and a brace of Derring
ers ou the table, drew from under his
coat a huge cutlass, and advanced upon
the girl, who now turned to fly.
"It is of no use!" he said, in a harsh,
grating voice. "The door is locked and
the key is in my pocket. Do not under
take to cry out. If you do I shall smother
you with this!" And he snatched his
overcoat from the chair on which it hung
and held it threateningly over her.
The truth flashed upon the horror struck
girl. She was alone with a madman!
In times of deadly peril the brain, un
less paralyzed with terror, acts with
lightning like quickness.
An inspiration born of despair flashed
through the brain of Eureka Plumduff.
"George," she said calmly, "I shall not
resist. I am willing to die. But before
you do this dreadful deed let me 6ay just
"I will give you thirty seconds!" he
"In the street outside, George," she
said, "I hear a boy calling out, 'Evening
Tomahawk, extra edition! All about
The young man darted to the door,
unlocked it in a flash, and, as he tumbled
down the stairway three steps at a time,
bis voice rang through the building with
the frantic outcry:
"Hold on, there, boy! Wa-a-a-ait!
What's the sco-o-o-oreT" Chicago Trib
une. The Truth About It.
"Yes," said the man in the cutaway,
"yes, it was the same old story. He was
a fine looking young fellow, ambitious
to rise in bis profession, the soul of honor
and entirely without guile, and 6he
seemed to be gentle, winning and re
fined: in short, all that a woman should
be. How could it have been otherwise
than that he should be attracted toward
her? He fought against this passion, but
it was useless. One day when they were
alone he told his love, and she"
"And she," broke in one of the party,
who had been listening to the speaker
with bated breath, "and she refused
him, and he turned about with a groan
and left her forever. His life was crush
"Not a bit of it," said cutaway; "she
accepted him and they were married two
or three months afterward, and have
ever since lived a happy, contented hum
drum sort of life." Boston Transcript.
Be Didn't Understand.
It was about 12:30 at night when he
drifted into the newspaper office. A
warm smile lit up his face when he dis
covered that there was some place open
after midnight. He sat down near the
"Take out and kill 'A Famous Wom
an,' " said the editor.
The visitor started.
"'Our Little Ones' must be boiled
down, and you can put a head on John
He was standing by the door.
"And then you can cut 'Society alto
gether and have the whole business
The man went away with a pained ex
pression that showed plainly how likely
people are to be misunderstood. Wash
Highest ef all in Leavening Power. TJ. S. Gov't Report, Aug. 17, 1889.
J. B. ZIMMER,
THK WELL KNOWN
3 erchant Tailor,
Stak Block, Opposite Harper House.
hap purchased for the
Spring and Summer of 1891,
A larger and Oner stock than ever. These poods will arrive in a few days. Wait and see '.tea
H. S1EMON & SON,
toves and Tinware,
zeuiLvrips, 3sr ails, &c,
Baxter Banner Cooking and Heatinij Stoves and the Geneseo Cooking Stoves
Tin, Copper and Sheet Iron Work.
1508 SECOND AVE., ROCK ISLAND, ILL
HAVE YOU SEEN THE
. $3.00 '
Calf Goodyear Welt Shoes?
Tbe best Men's fine shoe in tbe c:ty fur the pr:ce.
STABY, BERGER & SNELL,
Second and Harrison Stg
J". ZLvL. CHRISTY,
Steam Cracker Bakery,
KAHTJ7ACT7BEB 07 CSACKZS8 A5D BISCTTITI.
Ask your Grocer for them. They are best,
ayspecialussi The Christy "OVSTSB" and the Christy "V A.TZK."
ROCK ISLAND, ILL
SEIVERS & ANDERSON,
Contractors arid. Builders,
ALL KINDS OT CABPKNTXB WORK DOJTK.
aw General Jobbing doae oa short notlcs ud satisfaction fuaranteed.
Office and Shop 1418 Fourth Avenue. ROCK ISLAND ILL
Agency for fxcelsior Roofing Company,
w.vyfywili i:-iKf-fv.- y--L -- - - -----
Cheaper than Shingles. t. H. ELLIS. Rock Island. 111.
Bead for circnlar. Telephone 1036. Cor. Fourteenth St. and SoconiJw
GEORGE SCHAFER, Proprietor.
1601 Second Arenne. Comer of sixteenth Stree . - Opposite Harper's Thesrre.
The choicest Wines, Liquors, Beer and Cigars always on Hand
Free Lunch ETery Day .... Sandwiches Furnished on short No
B. F. DeGEAR,
Contractor and Builder,
Office and Shop Corner 8erentHentr Bt T i T I J
and Bewnth Avenue, I I IVOCK lSlaiKl
a-AIl kter-. of carpenter work specialty, puns sod estimates for all kinds of bnlldinn
'arnisaau an application.
ST. JAMES HOTEL,
Comer Twenty-third street and Fourth .Tenu EOCK ISLAND, ILL
J. T. RYAN. Proprietor.
This house ba. Ju.roeen Tefltted 1 tbro0?bcut and is now In A o. 1 edition. It is a Srst cU
, 1-W per day hours and a desirable family hotel.
Manufacturer of all kinds of
BOOTS AND SHOES-
GeW Fine Shoes a spertarty. Repairing don. neatly and promptly .
A share of y onr patronage respootfwHj eoliclted.
1818 Second Avenue. Roek Island. !'
Proprietor of the Brady Street
x All kinds of Cut P1n. . .i .
Green Houses- . uuu-
One block north of Centra Park, the largest In la. BrfayStTeet. Davenport, Io
CONTRACTOR AND BUILDER,
Bbop corner Twenty-Mcond street and Ninth avenue. Residence 2S85
tans prepared to make estimates and do all kinds of Carpenter work. Giw him trial.