Newspaper Page Text
THIS AKGUb. TUESDAY, MAT 19 1891.
Published Daily acd Weekly at 1824 Second At
enue. Rock Island, 111.
J. w. Potter,
T Dlly, 60c per month; Weekly, $3.00
All communications of a critical or arrumeTita
tWe character, political or reliaious. mast nave
real name attached for pabliration. No each aru
ticlea will be punted over fictitious signatures -Anonymous
communication! not noticed.
Correspondence solicited from every township
I Rock Island county.
Tuesday, Mat 19. 1891.
Blaise it the only sealskin tbat Son
Russell yearns tubing on Ibe second team
Mr. Wasamaker was greatly pleased
with what be saw io Texas, bat be always
did like Texas. At any rate, it was in
Texas tbat just after bis appointment as
postmaster general bis clotbing agents
advertised "a postofflce with each suit.'i
Senator Edxtxds, who bas gone
borne to Vermont for tbe summer, says :
"I shall not bid farewell to Washington
at this time. It is true we have rented
our bouse for two years, but we expect
to spend a good deal of time in tbst city
every winter. My law business will call
One of the propositions for disposing
of ex-Stnator Blair of New Hampshire is
to make him commissioner of immigra
tion. This is an office which Blair can
give a good reason for refusing to take.
When it was created in March last,
through the passage of the new immigra
tion act, congress failed, through an
oversight, to make any appropriation for
the salary of its incumbent. How could
Mr. Blair wait for his salary till the next
congress assembles and makes provision
for its payment? Furthermore, the com
missioner's salary, as established by tbe
act, is small; it is only $1,000 a Tear.
Under the circumstances, it cannot be
supposed that President Harrison will
further wound Mr. B!e;.rs already
wounded feelings by ofTeribg him the of
fice of commissioner of immigration.
The electric railway is alresdy being
used In some of tbe eastern manufac'ur
ing institutions for transporting material
finished or unfinished from place toplace.
Why may not similar application be
made of the now familiar trolley wire and
electric motor in handlicg lumber from
mill to yard, to the exclusion of the pa
tient horse, and docile mule. The elec
tric plant bas bec:me a necessity in every
well regulated saw mill. Make it a little
larger and it will be within tbe ranee of
electric possibilities to use the power for
handling lumber as well as the light as an
illuminaot. The mills are rare where
there is a scarcity cf fuel for steam mak
ing purposes, acd with electricity coming
into use more and more on every hand
there should be tbe possibility of saw mill
men putting it into more general use than
they have yet seen fit to do.
Now iris said tbat Secretary Nible
and not Commissioner Ilium will have to
go; that tbe pension sharks have got the
upper band, and tbat tbe' man who bis
partially stood between them and the
treasury will be forced to retire. Rtum,
as an exchange remarks, has got several
bureau beads in tbe interior department
to join him, and with tbe aid of the land
thieves, subsid'z?d railroads and pension
sharks they hope to get the scalp of the
only man in tbe president's cabinet wbt-t,
because of both ability and integrity, has
the respect and confidence of the people.
Succeeding in this effort, this precious
gang of public rascals have every reason
to expect freedom frem future interfer
ence with their schemes of plunder and
pillage. And the worst of it is
that President Harrison's course regard
ing the Raum scandals in the past give
every indication that Noble will b de
Oa the I'pper MtfiMlpiil.
Tbe absence of rain is being felt on tbe
tipper Mississippi, says the Minneapolis
Lumberman. Tbe water has been failing
in all the streams rapidly for a week past
and it will take a beavy'rain to bring out
many of tbe logs. Tbe west branch of
tbe Rum river is already hung and some
of tte logs on Bear river will come with
out heavy rain?. Oa the upper Sandy it
is reported driving has been sjpecdjd.
The last drive of II. C. Ackley on Crow
Wing will be out on Saturday night, con
trary reports notwithstanding, and of
course logs are still moving on Pin-,
Prairie and old lower Swan, '.be old re
liable streams. Tbe rear of tbe old drive
on Rum river was reported to be at Mi
laca Friday. The boom company
drive is coming along satisfactorily and
logs bave been turned so fretly at tte
sorting gap tbe past week tbat there is a
probability tbat some of the mills will be
compelled to run Dights next week to
take care of them. Oyer 2,000,000 feet a
day are being cot out. . Tbe water at
this point is falling steadily.
llloud Oranges Made to Order.
Doubtless but lew tieojde are aware of
the fact that tbe so-called "blood oraufje"
are sometimes simply ordinary oranges
treated with nniliiie dye. The originator
of this trick was an Italian, who, ou being
discovered, was prosecuted, and he served
ten years in prisou for bis crime. Not
withstanding this salutary example tbe
swindle is still occasionally perpetrated.
Boston Herald. '
THE SORTED WOOL, CLAUSE.
Secretary Toster Decides That This "Sort
ins; Claase" Applies to Carpet Wool.
Who makes our tariff laws? It is usu
ally supposed that the members of con
gress who vote for them are the makers
of them. This is true only to a certain
extent, for the beneficiaries of the tariff
in many cases write into the tarjff bill
the duties which they want, Thns by
"ways tbat are dark and tricks tbat are
vain" the tariff bill gets into the boose
of representatives and is voted upon by
the average member, who never suspects
how many different handwritings were
to be found in the original draft of the
bill, put there by men financially inter
ested in getting high duties and obe
diently accepted by their political friends
on the ways and means committee.
After these protected interests get their
duties voted into law they are usually
silent are like "BreV Rabbit, he lay
low." Not always so, however. Judge
Lawrence, the Ohio political shepherd,
has recently boasted of being the author
of the wool schedules of the McKinley
law. In that law is a clause called the
"sorting clause," which provides tbat
tbe duty on wool "which has been sort
ed or increased in value by the rejection
of any part of the original fleece shall
be twice the duty to which it would be
When the McKinley bill was under
discussion it was understood by the car
pet manufacturers that this "language
was meant to apply to clothing wools,
which bear specific duties not to carpet
wools, where the duties are a 1 valorem
and of course increase with the value of
the wool Now, however. Judge Law
rence has come forward and has had Sec
retary Foster to decide that this "sort
ing clause" applies also to carpet wools.
Judge Lawrence says, "I wrote the sort
ing clause and I know that it was so in
tended to apply."
By the or-ration of this clause some
kinds of carpet wools now imported will
have to bear double duty, which will
perhaps prevent their importation alto
gether. The East India wools are always
sorted before shipment. A leading man
ufacturer says of these wools, "They are
of gTeat importance to us; we use largo
quantities of them exclusively for car
pets." A comparison of these double duties
on sorted carrot wool with the duties
prevailing before the McKinley law was
passed will show the quality of Judge
Lawrence's worth. The old duty on car
pet wool was 2 j cents a pound wnere the
value was 12 cents a pound or less, and 5
cents a pound on wool worth more than
12 cents. These duties were equal to 25
and 30 per int ad valorem, respective
ly. Judge Lawrence had both duties
changed to aJ valorem duties 32 per
cent, on wool worth less than 13 cents,
and DO Tier cent, above tbat Sorted wool
will now pay 64 and 100 per cent.
What makes these duties all the more
absurd is that we raise practically no
carpet wool, finding it more profitable to
produce clothing wool. More than three
fourths of our wool imported is carpet
The Window f;la Trust.
The window glass manufacturers have
gotten together and put up prices. The
fact is thus commented upon in the ed
itorial columns of the B jston Journal of
Commerce: "The efforts on the part of
the window glass manufacturers to ad
vance their product have, been success
ful, and that article was advanced ia
price this week 15 or 2'J per cent, on pre
vious quotations. This advance is the
outcome of more or less agitation of tho
subject by the makers. Tiiere has for a
long time been a division of opinion ou
the part of producers whether it was ad
visable, and not until recently was the
The tariff, we are assured, is for- the
purpose of developing home competition,
and thus bringing prices down; but the
high tariff journal just quoted goes oa
to say: "It is t be hoped that an ar
rangement "ny the various makers of
window glass can be formed strong
enough to keep prices up, for the market
has been in a terribly unsettled state the
past year through rate cutting."
The duty on window glass ranges from
1 to a cents p r pound, according to
Mze, the ad valorem equivalents ranging
from C4 to 112 per cent. Notwithstand
ing the high protection which the win
dow glass industry has enjoyed for the
past thirty years, and notwithstanding
the fact that the prices of nearly all com
modities. lxth farm and manufactured,
have greatly fallen since the price
of window glass has changed but slight
ly, as the following table of prices of ths
varions grades of single strength glass
in I860 and 100 shows:
PRICE PEIl 1$ BOX or 50 FEET.
PrlO inches. 3.1 ounrTts- l.!tt Cl.Kl
Hxl'l luetics, 4tu quality. l.KO l.WC
HlxU iiii bes, "'I qurv'.iry 'J.411 !."!
10x11 inches. Ill qun.'iy !i.l0 I .In)
Il'xIH iuebm. 1-t iim:i'y L'.T."i
ll'xl iui'ht.-!,. &1 jt:!.:y L'.t.) i.s
l"x-4 incben. :.'! qunlj. ;. :.') li.n
ITJxSj inches, "il quality y.lW U.:ii
Total. 8 boxes S3I.6.1 JIU.Lij
The window glass men have been in
combinations of varying dimensions and
strength for some years to control price:!
and keep down production, but of late
their combination had become rather
loose. Efforts to remedy this state of
things have leen made forsome months,
and these efforts were recently crowned
with success at a meeting in Chicago,
when forty-three manufacturers signed
an agreement to raise prices and keep
them raised. More than that, it is re
ported that a further advance is to be
This window glass trust is a child of
The board of general appraisers, which
dedides tariff controversies, seems to U.
thoroughly possessed with the notu ..
that it must squeeze out the highest pos
sible duty in every case. Most people
would consider a jewsharp a toy; but as
toys bear a duty of 35 per cent, in the
McKinley law, and "manufactures of
metal" a duty of 45 per cent., the jews
harp is decided to be a manufacture of
metal. On the other hand, Japanese
kites are decided to be toys at a 35 per
cent, duty rather than "manufactures of
paper" at 25 per cent.
MANUFACTURE OF GAS.
SKETCH OF ITS HISTORY WITH SOME
First Experiments Were Made In 1690.
Illuminating. Ga Was First Invented in
1792 In 1813 an' American Patented a
Process Bis; Companies.
Experiments at gas making were first
made in England in 1690, and for nearly
one hundred years various and unsuccess
ful attempts to obtain gas from bituminous
coal and store it for use in lighting were
The real invention of practical gas light
fug was, however, made in 1792, and to
William Murdock, who in that year
lighted his house and office at Redruth in
Cornwall, belongs the credit. Mr. Mur
dock removed to Scotland and devotni
himself to the gas business. In 1797 be
lighted his premises at Old Cumnock ia
Ayrshire with coal gas.
The following year he undertook tbe
construction of gas works at the shops of
Messrs. Boulton, Watt & Co., at Soho,
and in 1S02 first publicly exhibited the
gas by showing two enormous flames from
two copper vases at those works. Three
years later the cotton mills of Messrs.
Phillips & Lee, at Salford, were lighted
ander the direction of Murdock with gas
wrought from the works.
The French engineer Le Bon in took
rut a patent for gas making from wood,
and proposed lighting Paris, but the
scheme did not at that time meet with suc
:ess. In 1S09 the National Light and Heat
r ompany was organized iu London, after
it had been successfully demonstrated
that street lamps could be lighted with
pis, but a charter for the company being
refused a great newspar war was insti
tuted in order to create popular interest in
the new light.
In 1S10 parliament authorized the grant
t a charter, and in 1S13 Westminster
ridge was lighted, and very shortly after
riard all tbe oil lights in the vicinity of
Westminster were removed. Xotwith
Bauding this great improvement over the
aid system of oil lights, a great prejudice
against gas existed, and even among men
Dl science so great, in fact, that it seemed
at one time that no further progress would
The ignorance prevalent at that time re
cording gase in general was so great that
waen it was finally resolved to introduce
gr.s lighting into the house of commons
the architect directed that the pipes be
pi ced four inches from the walls !et their
heat should fire the building! Aside from
the question of prejudice, there were many
obstacles in the way of the successful de
veiopment of a distributing gas system.
The proper machinery and apparatus for
nuikicg gas had to be constructed, and for
many years the required wrought iron
piles could not be secured. However, by
the year 1S22 four great gas companies had
been established in London, using more
:bi,n 1,310 retorts and nearly fifty gas hold
jrs, anjl making 400,000,000 cubic feet of gas
Ia the United States gas for illuminat
ing purposes was first made by David Mel
vil.e, of Newport, K. I. In 1SOG he lighted
bis residence and the street in front from
gat made from coaL In 1813 he secured a
patent, and shortly afterward applied the
light to a number of small factories. Four
years later his process was applied to the
Beaver Tail lighthouse. That was the first
use of gas in any lighthouse in the world.
Sot ie persons in Baltimore attempted gas
maung about JS1C, but no success was met
wita until 1321.
MAKING COAL GAS.
In 1322 gas was introduced in Boston un
der the Melville system, and in the follow
ing year the New York Gas Light company
was formed, but, owing to the limited de
mai.d for gas did not get into active oper
ation until 1327. In 1530 the Manhattan
Gas company, a rival concern, was started,
and until a late as 15-40 both companies
made their gas of oil aud rosin. After that
;oal was employed. For mauy years coal
3:1s .mproved iu efficiency very slowly.
New methods have been introduced dur
ing the past fifteen or twenty years, and
important progress has been made in that
time. All the large gas companies have
found it advisable to use higher temper
ltrurj and larger retorts, with the result
'.hat considerably more gas is now obtained
frona a Ion of coal.
Coil gas is generally made from bitumin
dus coal, although other varieties have
been aud are now employed. A ton of
2,000 pounds of good canuel coal crefully
iistiiled will yield about S.OO0 cubic feet of
purilled illuminating gas. Other bitumin
ous cals yield from tl.000 cubic feet up to
:he above amount. The cannel coal yields
by far the richest gas. aud in England is
iomev.mes used exclusively.
The manufacture of coal gas comprises
three distinct operations: 1. Distillation
Dfthe.coul. 2. The separation of the water,
tar and other condensable matters con
densation. 3. The removal of sulphur
mp mnds aud carbonic acid purification.
Of late years the manufacture of what is
known as water gas bits become an im
portant branch of the industry.
The first patent for water gas was
?raiitl in London in 1J4. Improvement
were made iu lbUO, lbOJ aud 147, but
itraujre to say, ia England none of the im
proved methods of making water gas has
been ble to compete with coal gas iu
?heap'iess. In this country, owing to tbe
zbeap'iessof petroleum aud its products,
tiite he reverse has been the ca-e.
Dur ng the past fifteen years the cost of
gas to the consumer has been considerably
reduced, in some cases by the voluntary ac
tion or the companies and in others by leg
islative action. At the present time there
are in the United States 487 gas companies,
whose combined capital is nearly (195,000,
DO0. The largest company in the United States
is the Consolidated, of New York city, with
a capital of i35,430.000, and a producing ca
pacity of about 30.000,000 cubic feet in twenty-four
hours. It has the largest gas holder
in thhi country. Its capacity is 3,250,000
cubic feet. The number of the Consoli-
Higiest of all in Leavening Power.
Jaled employees varies from 1,600 to 2,500.
Tbe Chicago Gas company, whose capital
is (25,000,000, is the second largest company
in the United States. It also has an enor
mous gas tank. The maximum quantity
of gas produced in twenty-four hours in
the city of New York is2.000,000 cubic feet,
or more in ten days t han was required in
twelve months in the whole of the city of
London less than seventy years ago. New
The United States consul at Barcelona
3ys that according to a calculation made
by the administration of forests the extent
of cork forests in Spain is about 255,000 hec
taics (a hectare is equivalent to 2.47 acres),
distributed as follows: 80,000 in the prov
ince of Gerona, 45,000 in Huelvas, 22,500 in
Carceres, 28,000 in See ille, 20,000 in Cadiz,
11,500 iu Ciuuad Heal and 9.500 in Cordoba.
Beggar Priests in Northern China.
It is no uncommon sight to meet a
priest goins about begging with four or
five long iron skewers run through his
forearm and little ribbons hanging there
from. Two I have met lxad long iron
rods running through their cheeks, and
they had made oath to remove thetu only
when they had collected a certain sum
of money sufficient to repair their tem
ples. One had had the iron rod through
his face for over four months, living the
while on soup and tea only. Another
way of raising money is for a priest to
take his seat in a little brick sentry box
and let himself be walled in, leaving
only a small window through which he
can see and pull a rope by which a big
bell is sounded and the attention of
passers by attracted. Here he will sit
for months. I have known one to re
main in his lx for nearly a year with
out being able to lie down or stand up,
but apparently perfectly happy and al
ways ready to have a bit of gossip.
Joking an Indian.
It is dangerous to joke with an Indiar
Ilis sense of humor is so dull that he may
think himself insulted, when he is merely
made the butt cf a bad joke. Mr. Alex
ander was a decayed Scotchman, who, hav
ing strayed into Fort Carlton, served the
Hudson Bay company as a clerk at 1120 a
year and hi f-jod. Life was very dull at
tbe post, but one day White Cloud, the
isioux chief, arrived here with seventeen
warriors. The chief, an Indian Apollo,
stood over six feet in his moccasins, and
was proud of his courage and strength.
One day White Cloud was iu Alexander's
room, who, thinking with Julius Hare that
"the next best thing to a very good joke is
a very bad joke," put on a pair of boxing
gloves, and told the Indian that with these
the whit men learned to fight. Showing
another pair, he asked White Cloud if he
would like to put them on. The Indian,
not knowing what would happen for In
dians never hit with the hands, and con
sider a blow from the fist a gross insult
6i.id he would.
Alexander first took away the chiefs
knife and pistol and locked them up.
Then putting the Indi.-n in tbe middle of
the room, he showed him how to stand on
his guard. With one blow Alexander
knocked the chief down. He rose, rushed
at the clerk, and was again knocked down.
The maddened Iudian tore off his gloves
and tried to get his knife from the drawt-r,
but the drawer was locked, and he calmed
down and demanded to lie let out.
"Wbt will you do when outside?" asked
J "Attack the fort and kill every man iu
: it," said the chief.
Alexander, seeing what his foolish joke
had done, resorted to a desperate measure,
lie took his revolver from a drawer, and
told the chief that unies lie promised to
give up his purpose and make friends he
would shoot him on the spot. For a min
ute or two White Cloud was obstinate, but
Alexander produced two lHtllesaud prom
ised him these.
Then the c hief shook hands, and receiv
ing his knife and pistul left the room, car
rying the present for which an Indian will
do almost anything, ile kept his word,
thoutrh he never again treated Alexander
j as a friend. Youth's Companion.
A Great South American Railway,
The station of the great Southern rail
way ou the Plaza de la Const it ucion at
Buenos Ayres is a vast and handsome
building, which will bear comparison with
the best modfru railway stations in Europe.
The monumental marble staircase and
entrance hall, the offices of the administra
tion, the waiting rooms and the arrival
and departure platforms, spanned by a
tasteful iron roof, are all as fine as any
thing of the kind in tbe old world. The
adjoiuiuc goods station and depots are of
enormous extent, and during the season
form the great wool market of Buenos
Tbe plan and distribution of the various
services are most conveniently arranged.
The roiling stock for passenger traffic is,
like the station, of the most modern and
improved description, built in England,
the ordinary cars on the North American
plan, and the sleeping cars on the Euro
jean system, with compartments of four
beds. This company runs also vestibule
trains between Buenos Ayres and La Plata,
and these cars, likewise built in England,
are fitted up with the greatest luxury, and
provided with every convenience that a
traveler cau desire.
I confess that I was nirreeably surprised
to lind such an adrnirabl y appointed rail
way in the new republic. In the Old
World, even in thee days of international
expres-es and through trains from the
Bastille to the Sublime Porte, the public
is not. accustomed to such splendor as the
Buenos Ayres company oilers to the nil
admirari Argentine farmers. Theodore
Child in Harper's.
When Sre, as it often does, catches in a
cargo of lime the only way which ever
avails to extinguish it is to stop up every
crack in the vessel wit h soap, so that E.3
nir can reach the lime. They have been
known to burn several months, and it is
Instant death to go inside such a burning
U. S. Gov't Report, Aug. 17, 1889.
J. B. ZIMMER,
THE WELL KNOWN
M erchant Tailor,
Stab Block, Oppo6Itb Harper H0C6E.
has purchased for the
Spring and Summer of 1891,
A largerand finer etock than evr. These goods will arrive In a few days. Wait an.l . e xhea
H. SIEMON & SON,""
toves and Tinware,
Baxter Banner Cooking and Heating Stoves and the Geneseo Cooking Stoves
Tin, Copper and Sheet Iron Work.
150S SECOND AVE., MOCK ISLAND, ILL.
Calf Goodyear Welt Shoes?
The best Met's Eneshoe in ihe city for ihe
SecDnd and Harrison Sts.
J". HVEs CHRISTY,
Steam Cracker Bakery,
KAHCTACTUKIB 0T CBACXIBS AND BISCUITS.
Ask your Grocer for them. They are best.
ar8peclalt!ssi The Ckrietj "0TSTXB" and the Christy "WATZB."
ROCK ISLA2TO. ILL.
SEIVERS & ANDERSON,
Contractors and Builders,
ALL KINDS OF CARPENTER WORK ONE.
VQnersi Jobbing done oa short notice snd satisfaction guaranteed.
Office and Shop 1412 Fourth Avenue, ROCK ISLAND ILL
Agency for Excelsior Roofing Company.
Cheat-eii tdas Shingles.
Send for circulur. Telephone
GEORGE SCIIAFER, Proprietor. -'
1001 Second Avenue, Corner of sixteenth Stree - Opposite Harper's Theatre.
Ths choicest Wines, Liquors. Beer and Cigars always on Hand
Free Lnnch Every Day
B. F. DeGEAR,
Contractor and Builder,
Office and Shop Corner Seventeenth St. . T 1 v i j
and Seventh Avenue, - ( K.OCK Island
a-All kincs of carpenter work a specialty. Plans and estimates for all kinds of bti'.Idinzs
fnralaneu en application.
ST. JAMES HOTEL,
Corner Twenty-third street and Fourth avenue.
J. T. RYAN, Proprietor. .
This house has just been fitted throughout and is now in A No. 1 condition. It is a Crst- f.a-e
51.00 per day house and a desjrable family hotel.
Manufacturer of all kinds of
BOOT8 AND 8HOES
Geate' Fine Shoes a specialty. Repairing done neatly and promptly .
A "here of your patronage respectfully eolicited.
1618 Second ATenue, Rok Island, I I.
Proprietor of the Brady Street
All kinds of Cut Flowers constantly on hand.
One block north of Central Park, the largest
CONTRACTOR AND BUILDER.
Shop corner Twenty-second street and Ninth avenue. Residence 8985
tSU prepared to make estimates and do all kinds of Carpenter work. Give him a trial.
STABY, BERGER & SNELL,
T. II . ELLIS. Rock Island. Li.
1036. Cor. Fourteenth St. and Second Ave
Sandwiches Famished on Short Nct:ce
KOCK ISLAND. ILL-
804 Brady Street, Davenport, Iowa-