Newspaper Page Text
THJE ABGUB. THUKSDAY. MAT 21, 1891.
Pobliahed Daily and Weekly t 182 Second At
enue. Rock Island. 11L
J. W. Potter.
Tanas Dally. 50c per mooUi; Weekly, JJ.00
All eommanications of a critical or argumenta
tive character, political or relieioue. mart bare
real name attached for publication. No each arti
ticles will be piloted oxer fictitious signatures
Anonymous communications not noticed.
Correspondence solicited from every township
In Rock Island county.
Thursday, Mat 21. 1S91.
St. Locis Republic: Mr. Harrison
confesses that he made 140 speeches on
bis tour, and jet he was everywhere
treated with kindness. It is a most
striking illustration of the patience and
tolerance of the American people. Even
the newspapers, which had these speeches
unloaded upon them daj after da;,
treated him with civility to the last.
Jamis Whitcomb Riley, having been
aaked what he did to warm up an irre
sponsive audience when he waslecturirjR,
answered: "I do not try. You know I
am near-sighted, aid without my glasses
I'm not worth a straw. Well, when I
see I have a cold and critical audience, I
just take off my ftlaf ses and lay them on
the desk. Then the house may be jjst
as uneasy as it likes, for I cn't see a
thine. The whole house might get up
and leave and I'd never know it. It
doesn't pay for an audience of mine to
be cold, for I let them do all the freez
ing." The average increase in the con of
living during the pan 14 months, accord
ing to tables carefully prepared by the
New York Evening Post, is about 15 psr
ceat. The reduction in pri. e of sugar
has been more than counter balanced by
the increase in the price of meats, fiour,
fish, potatoes, coffee, butter, and other
articles of necessary household use. The
Post regards this rise as the more extra
ordinary for the reason that it reverses
the direction of prices for the past 15
years. With wages going down and liv
ing going up, the tariff economists will
bi kept busy in proving to workingmcn
that the highest tariff we ever had is tbc
best we ever bad.
The dispatches contain the announce
mentthtt in Dubuque they have success
fully solved the problem of storage bat
tery for street cars. The presideat of
the Dubuque line is J. A.' Rhombere. a
very wealtby citizen who has devoted a
creat deal of time and attention to this
matter. The batteries are placed under
the floor easily accessible and are said to
accomplish the work in a most satisfac
tory manner. It does away with all poles
and overhead wires. Mr. Pennock,
of Peoria, has always claim
ed that this system wou;d
eventually have to be adopted because by
overhead wire less than 30 per cent of the
force is utilized. If tbis be true and they
have succeeded in solving the problem in
Dubuque, they will have done a fret
Kah ComniitCa e at Work.
A sub-committee of the senate finance
committee his been in session in New
York for the purpose of collecting data
on the tariff question for presentation to
the next congress. Senator Carlisle, one
of the members, savs that the latter are
pursuing an entirely new line of inquiry,
and that they expect to be able at the
beginning of tne seesion in December to
lay such information before the senate as
will enable it to deal intelligently with
the subject. He adds:
"Instead of holding a series of public
hearings wherein one set of interested
people flatly contradict another set of
interested people, leaving, after a vast
amount of testimony, the variou3 pha; s
of the subject about where they were
before, we have started out to get our
information at first hands and at fountain
head. We are now going to find out
what the consumer has to say.
"In the first oU'ce, and that is about
our sole aim in New York, we desire to
ascertain the commonly accepted desig
nation of numerous articles that enter the
general consumption. There are two or
three hundred articles of this kind upon
which we wish to get the fluctuating
prices under former and the present
tariff laws, and before we start out to
talk with the consumer it is esseLtial tbe
correct designation of tbe article sbou.d
be ascertained. We must know that tbe
man in Boston and tbe man in St, Louis
are talking about tbe same thing. Tbis
is what we are doing here now. As soon
as tbis information is obtained we shall
proceed to ctttte statistics we re after.
This is to bs had only of the retailer.
The prices at which these spe:ified articles
are now sold, what they were sold before
the passage of tbe present law, what they
brought last year, tbe year before and so
on back as far as we have time to carrv
the inquiry, must be found upon the
books of the dealer who stands next to
tbe consumer. Whatever they brought
to tbe re'ailer is exactly what the con
turner paid for item.
"In connection with this line of inquiry
a similar investigation as to wages will be
made, and this latter will run over tbe
same period as tbe figures on articles of
"There is still another channel of in
Qulry that will be followed, and that, in
my opinion, will in its results, attract
more attention than tbose inquiries men .
tioned. Tbis is as to tbe prices of farm
produce for a corresponding period. Not
tbe market price at the seaboard or in the
grain pits of Chicago or in tbe various ex
changes throughout the country, but ex
actly what the farmer received for bis
wheat, oats, corn or other produce of his
farm. Tbis will be obtained from tbe
farmer himself. Wheu this is ascertained
we shall have figures for the first time
that will enable congress to fuliy under
stand tbe reasonably exact relation of tbe
consumer to the laws and tbe laws to the
THE CARPET WOOL TAX.
VIEWS OF A FOREMOST NEW ttCr
Mr. Arthur T. Lyman Talks Abont the
McKinley Tai on Carpet Wool Hll er
Prices and l"oor Carpets tbe Result A
Tax Which Benefits Nobody.
Mr. Arthur Ti Lyman, of the Low ;11
Manufacturing company, Boefon, Mas 4.,
who ia one of the largest and most sre
cessful manufacturers of carpets in New
England, was recently asked by a mem
ber of the New York Reform club to
give his views on carpet manuf acturii g
as affected by the wool tariff. The pc i
tion of Mr. Lyman as a foremost man l
facturer of carpets gives bis views f n
anthority which no outside testimory
Mr. Lyman says:
Carpets and their prices are of general
interest in the United States, for though
rare luxuries not very many years ago
they have become articles almost cf
common necessity. The general state
of well being in this country of ener
getic people and of great natural wealt n
has afforded a great market for te
products of the wonderful loom in
vented by Iiisrelow, and first put into uh
at the Lowe'l Carpet company, at Low
ell, Mass.. and of many other ingenious
These labor saving inventions and tho
universal demand have caused an im
mense production and low prices, and
the great competition of late years has
left to the manufacturers generally bu
little profit and not seldom a loss.
Substantially all of the wool used in
making carpets comes from abroad, and
chiefly from Russia, Asia Minor, Persia.
India and South America. These wool
are chiefly long, coarse wools, and being
raised under favorable natural condi
tions, and by people whose rnodes of life
are very inexjiensive, they are of very
low cost. The necessity for revenue
from any and every source during the
civil war after a time caused a con
siderable dnry to be placed on carpet
wools, avowedly for revenue. When
the war was over and the debt had r.
greatly reduced, and many taxes were
taken off, tl.is heavy tax on carpet wools
was unfortunately left. It had not
caused the raising of carpet wools in
this country, because other wools and
other products coald be raised to much
gTeater advantage, and because the con
ditions existing here were not favorable.
The tax f.n this admirable material
considerably increased the cost of the
carpets ustfd so largely by the people.
Of course the temptation to cheapen the
fabric by the mixture of substitutes for
wool was great. But until within a
few years the machinery employed would
not admit of the extensive use of what
has of late years been used in enormous
quantities, the cheap cattle hair, pretty
much like that used for mixing with
mortar. The ingenious machines lately
invented enabled manufacturers to use
enormous quantities of cheap hair,
cheap until the enormous demand for
it. with the increased duties of the Mc
Kinley bill on wool, made it almost as
costly, though not nearly as xd, as
wool itself. Cotton was used largely for
the warps in place of worsted.
The McKinley till seems to have a
special spite against carpet wools, and
those who wish to make or use wool car
pet. All noils (the short fibers of wool
largely used for tbts weft of Cirpets) were
excluded by the monstrous dnty of thirty
cents per pound (200 and 300 "per cent,
in many cases), and the tax oa other ma
terials was greatly increased. More
over, the ambiguities of the law and
some rather forced constructions of it by
the treasury department hae still fur
ther increased costs, and so multiplied
doubts and questioas that there are few
kinds of carpet wd the duty on which
can be surely known.
These increased difficulties and im
pediments and tue largely increased
duties obliged carpet manufacturers to
advance tbe prices of carpets after the
jiassage of the McKinley bill an advance
on all wool carpets of about 10 per cent.
The effect of an increased cost of wool is
at once to give an advantage and an
opportunity to those who nse cheaper
materials, and so it greatly stimulates
tbe increased use of cotton and cattle
hair, and of all kinds of waste and
shddy and torn np carpets.
The increase cf price by the manu
facturers may not have been fully felt
in the retail shops, because on staple ar
ticles the retailer ia slow to advance
prices until his old stock is gone, and
because his margin of profit enabled
him still to sell without loss, which was
not the case with the manufacturers, or
because he substituted for- the all wool
carpets those with a greater or less pro
portion of cheap substitutes for wool.
Of course if one cannot afford to pay
for a wool carpet there is no reason why
he should not have a cotton carpet, if he
wants it; but then he might also put down
common cotton cloth. There is no moral
reason perhaps (though Ruskin would
not admit it) why he should not buy a
tapestry carpet, made chiefly of jute,
with a veneering of printed wool; but if
the duty on wool had been taken off in
stead of having been largely increased
the price of the best Brussels carpets,
instead of being put np ten cents a yard,
might have been reduced ten or fifteen
cents a yard, and an all wool ingrain or
extra super carpet might have been sold
for less than a (largely) cotton and shod
dy ingrain may sell for now.
Thus an article of general nse has been
largely and needlessly increased in price,
although it might well have been im
proved in quality and largely reduced in
cost by th" free admission of carpet
wools, which would have hurt almost no
one and would have benefited every one.
A Social Elevation.
Goslin I don't like to ride on the ele
vated in the crush hours.
Dolley I should think you would, for it
affords you an excellent opportunity to
mix with men of standing. Munsey:s
A MISSIONARY EPISODE.
How tht Good Work In Hllo Was Inter
rapteel by the Queen's Sacred Hog-.
Shortly after the arrival of the first mis
sionaries at the Hawaiian islands a small
party of them landed from a schooner at
Ililo oo their way to visit the volcano of
Kilauea. At that time no missionary had
been stationed at Ililo, and consequently
but few of the people of the place had ever
had the opportunity of hearing preaching.
As the party were obtained in the village
over Sunday they appointed rooming and
afternoon services. It so happened that
the only building large enough for the pro
pooed meetings-was a canoe house situated
on tbe beach. Thither the congregation
assemble.! at the appointed time in the
forenoon, filling the house to its utmost
capacity. There were old, scarred and
white headed warriors, who had fought in
the wars of Kamehanieha, sitting in their
kapa kiheis. through whose quiet dignity
of manner there shone a certain expression
of expectation; there were dried up old
crones, to whom the emancipation from
the kapu had come almost too late, and
there were younger people and children
and babies, more or les dressed accordin-t
to the convenience or whim or wealth of
The posts which supported the roof of
the house were appropriated by some of
the more agile loys to elevate themselves
above the crowd, where, clinging on like
monkeys, they awaited proceedings with
countenances expressive of the greatest tri
umph and delight. Others, with equal in
genuity and greater comfort, climbed on
to the outside of the roof, anil by stealthily
enlarging small holes, which they found
through the thatch, or making new ones,
had an unobstructed view of the inside,
and the enorious size of their eyes, visible
from below, showed how they appreciated
it. Under these favorable circumstances
the meeting commenced. The preaching
was listened to with great attention by the
audience, and the missionaries fell that
they were making an impression.
Suddenly, when the meeting was about
half through, there ensued a scene of the
wildest confusion. Men and women rushed
out of the building through the uncovered
sides or wherever there was an aperture
large enough, rolling over each other in
the attempt and screaming most unac
countably. Pabies screeched as they were
tossed around in the panic: little boys
Uropied from the postsand rolled from the
roof. Ia leK than a minute the house w
empty, excepting the missionaries and an
immeuse hog. which quietly made its bed
on the straw on the mi-Idle of the floor.
At the beginning of the disturbance the
missionaries supposed that it was a sudden
attack from a hostile tri!e or an uprising
against themselves, but they soon ascer
tained that tiie black hog w hich lay grunt
ing in comfort on the straw a "puaa
anana'' a si foot hog), as the natives call
those of that size belonged to (jueen Kaa
humanu and was held sacred by the na
tives; that the canoe house was its accus
tomed resort in the heat of the day, and its
alru;t entrance among the crowd, swing
ing its sharp tusks from siae to side with
perfect contempt of the common people,
was sufficient to cause the exodus de
scribed. There is no reliable authority that the
missionaries made any satisfactory prog
ress at Ililo till Kaahumanu's pig died.
Paradise of the Pacific.
A I'amon Spanish I'ort.
The typical Spanish poet, in the common
idea, is a writer whose verses flow witli the
traditional abundant volume of his race,
while without a high artistic finish: whose
patriotic sentiment is blind and jealous; in
whom philosophic doubt and sell question
ing have small place, love, nature, legend,
and national history being his favorite
themes. This conception unds ample
justification in the records of Spanish
poetry, so that it furnishes matter for sur
prise that the leading poet of contempo
rary Spain should be distinguished by al
most completely opposite qualities.
Nunez de Arce, although his poetical
activity extends over many years, has pub
lished but a slender body of verse. It is
verse that betrays the laborious hand ol
the artist in its perfection of form. The
writer's patriotism has taken the form of
prophetic denunciation of national sins.
Ilinis-elf thoroughly penetrated with the
modern spirit, persuaded that the faith of
his fathers has irrevocably gone, he inter
prets in his poetry the restless, unsatisfied,
yet aspiring spirit of bis day in a way that
vividly reminds an English reader of
Arnold and ("lough. Yet. in spite of these
in-Spanish and somewhat unpopular quaJi
ties, his serious purpose, his life in entire
harmony with his professions, and the gen
uineness of bis lyric gift, have won for him
he first place in the list of living Spanish
ixets. liollo On'4en in Scribner's.
Not Going to Jerusalem.
A second class compartment of a Prus
tian railway was filled the other day by
ight gentlemen whose form of feature
lore infailib'.e evidence to their oriental
i eseent. Tbe guard, who seems to have
1-een a disciple of Dr. Stocker. after exam
ining their tickets, slammed the door, and
jsveveut to his anti-Semitic hemorand
sentiment by sbonling at the top of Lis
voice, "Express train to Jerusalem!"
The train started, and had just got up to
f ill speed when the little company of He
trews re-olved to punish Gentile humor
with a littU taste of Jewish burner. So
t icy sounded the aUrm signal. The guard
c-ime along ine footboard and stopped at
tiie carriage in which tne eight Jews were
sitting. "Ah. rt i you, gentlemen," said
h-, "is it? Well, what is wrong" "Stop
the train," ciied they; "we heard you srv
that it was express to Jerusalem and we
h ive only looked as far ts Cottbus.''
Pall Hail GaMtte.
A common superstition that the an
cients possessed the art of making lamps
wiiich would burn forever for a long time
obtained, and it was claimed that one Bach
laaip was discovered in the tomb .of Rosi
er ucius. Science, however, has long set
this, together with other superstitions, for
ever at rest, since it has been demonstrated
that fire will not burn in a chamber from
which the air has been exhausted.
Highest of all in Leavening Power.
No snow flakes sheer and white
Fall on that grave tonight.
No requiem of pine.
No stir cf ivy vine.
No marble coldly gleams
From oat that sphere of dreamy.
Nor starlight falls serene
Athwart the lonely sceDi.
For love is deatt. tonight.
And buried dtfrp froiu sight
In shrine, alone, apart.
The scpnltnre a heart.
-Isadore Baker in Springfield Homestead.
A Good Word for Drag; Stores.
"Drug stores are great institutions,"
said a Brooklyn man in my bearing the
"So are grocery stores and meat stores,
and other places where means for suste
nance are dispensed," replied a bystander.
"But a drug store.',' said the first speaker,
i"has distinct. ve characteristics. It is bright
and clean, and there is an agreeable odor
floating about, coming, no doubt, from tbe
fancy soaps and the perfumery. You go
plodding along through a muddy street on
a rainy, murky night, past stores all closed
and dark, and then yon come upon a well
kept drug store,, with lights ablaze and the
glass bottles, with gilt labels, all ranged in
rows like troops upon parade. I tell yon it
cheera one up a bit. It is like a lighthouse
looming up out of the fog to the storm
tossed mariner, and like an oasis in the
desert to the weary traveler upon his big
"If you are a neighborly man you will
prohat!y find someone in the drug store
whom you know. Anyway, the druggist
is generally a jonversati jnalist. lie kuows
the gossip of the neighborhood. People
are in the habit of coming in and talkirg
over their physical ill and meatiouin,
incidentally, the other disorders in their
families. He knows about the checks
which he cashes for customers, some of
which come back marked 'X. G.' by the
cold blooded bank teller. All these things
make plenty of things to talk about whiie
you inhale tne odors of new mown hay,
jockey club or ottar of roses. Everything
in a drug store is generally supposed to be
for the healing of the ills poor human flesh
is heir to. This makes another pleasant
thought to let run through your mind as
you step in out of the cold, wet street and
walk across the tiled floor to look at the
directory or buy a postage stamp." Brook
Going to Meeting in A Storm.
The story goes that once a fearful storm
beset the valley of Sonth Lewiston at
Garcelon's ferry. It snowed and nowed,
and Friday passed and -Hturday came
only to see whirling snowflakes and Sun
day came, and Id! the sun and its rays fell
upon a trackless earth, with no fence and
James Joslyn was a churchgoer, ne
waj essentially such, and besides being a
Christian, he, like Enoch, walked with
God in daily life. On Sundays he rarely
if ever was absent from church. This
Sunday he decided to go to church as
usual. They told him that the feat was
impossible. Xobody could get there, and
it would le useless to try. He did not
listen to the expostulations, but hitched
his horse and drove away. They watched
him over the hill, battling the drifts, and
decided finally that perhaps he might get
It was close to night when he returned,
having been gone ail day. .
"Did you get there?" was asked.
His reply was in the affirmative.
"What about it? How was it? Did you
have a meeting?"
"We had a blessed meeting," said he,
"we had a blessed meeting."
"And who was there?" was aked.
"Only Deacon Davis and 1," was his an
swer, "but we had a blessed meeting."
And that high backed sleigh in the barn
is the sleigh that took him to his "blessed
meeting" that required an entire day, and
that had but one attendant besides him
self. Lewiston Journal.
Penitent Printer I have leen such a
terrible sinner that I fear there is no salva
tion for me.
Minister Cheer up, my friend. There"
is hope for even the vilest.
Printer But I have been such a great
sinner. I have worked on Sunday papers
putting in type accounts of prize fights,
murders and all manner of crime, thus to
spread its influence all over the land.
Minister But there is still hope for you
if you truly repent.
Printer I am glad to hear you say so. I
have often put your sermons in type
and thought how full of love they were,
Minister Are you the fiend who when I
wrote of "Pale martyrs in their shrouds of
fire"' made it read, "Pale martyrs with
their shirts on fire?"
Printer I am afraid I am. I
Minister Then I am happy to say that I
do not believe the hereafter holds any hope
for you. Newark Town Talk.
The Head Man's Band.
"I myself have seen a dead man's hand
offered for sale in Venice." Now let us
hear what Mr. Dousterswivel says in The
Antiquary: "De hand of glory is hand cut
off from a dead man as Las been hanged
for murther, and dried very nice in de
shmoke of jumper wood, and if yon put a
little of what you call yew with your
juniper it will not be any better that is,
it will be no worse then you do take
something of de fatsh of de bear, and of de
badger, and of de great eber, as you call de
grand boar, and of de little sucking child
as has not been christened (for dat is very
essentials), and you do make a candle, and
put it into de hand of glory at de proper
hour and minute, with de proper oere
monish, and he who seeksh for treasures
shall never find none at all." Gypsy Sor
cery. Elijah Kellogg, the man who wrote
"Spartacns to tbe Gladiators" and "Rega
ins to the Carthagenians," once so famil
iar to every schoolboy, is living in Ilarpev
well. Me, He ia a clergyman, eighty-one
years old, and even now preaches occasion
ally. TJ. S. Gov't Report, Aug. 17, 18S9.
J. B. ZIMMER,
-THB WKLL KNOWN-
jVJ erchant Tailor,
Star Block, Opposite Haeper House.
hi parchaed for the
Spring and Summer of 1891,
A larger and finer stock thin ever. Ttie?e zoait will arrive in a few days. Wait md su--
H. SEEMON & SON,
Baxter Banner Cooking nn i II-?atin? S'oves and the Geneseo Cooking ?tovt
Tin, Copper and Sheet Iron Work.
1508 SECOND VE.. ROCK ISLAND, ILL.
Calf Goodyear Welt Shoes?
The best Mei-'B fineshoe in the city for the price.
STABY, BERGER & SNELL,
Scand and Garrison Sts Davenport.
CT. JVX. CHRISTY,
Steam Cracker Bakery,
MASTJTACTTJEKB 07 CBACZJSBS AJID BISCUIT.
Ask your Grocer for them. They axe best
sar"8pecialt!aj The CariMj "OTSTEB" and the Chriar "WAna."
ROCK ISLAND, ILL.
SEIVERS & ANDERSON,
Contractors arid. Builders,
ALL KTNDB OF CABPESTXB WOKK DOOTE.
4f General Jobbing dose on aaort nottca and tatiefactlon fnaranteed.
Office and Shop 1413 Fourth Avenue. ROCK ISLAND ILL
Agency for Excelsior Roofing Company.
mmmMmmmfrrm'-.j ... . ..
Cheaper than Shingles.
Send for circnlar.
GEORGE SCHAFER, Proprietor.
1601 Second Avenae, Corner of Sixteenth Stree . - Opposite Harper"e ThesTe.
Ths choicest Wines, Liquors, Beer and Cigars always on Hand
Free Lunch Every Day
B. F. DeGEAR,
Contractor eind Builder,
Office and Shop Corner Sevenux-nth Bt . T t T 1 J
and Sev-nth Avenue. I ' KOCK lSiana
"A1J kite's of carpenter work a s;ecia'.ty. Plant nd estimates for all klnda of buiM'.nrs
'arnlsaeu an application.
ST. JAMES HOTEL,
Corner Twenty -third street and Fourth arenue.
J. T. RYAN, Proprietor. '
Thia house has jnstbeen refl'ted throughout and is now in A -o. J condition.
11.00 per day house and a desirable family hotel.
Manufacturer of all kinds of
Beats' Ftna Shoes a specialty . Repairing done neatly and promptly .
A share of y onr patronage respectfully solicited.
1818 Second Avenue. Roak Island, IU.
Proprietor of the Brady Street
All kinds of Cut Flowers constantly on hand
One block north of Central Park, the largest
CONTRACTOR AND BUILDER,
Shop corner Twenty-second street and Ninth aienue. Residence 2955
I Is prepared to make estimates and do all kinds of Carpenter work. Give. him a trial.
T. n. ELLIS. Rock Island. I'.!.
Cor. Fourteenth St- and Si-condAve
Sandwiches Furnished on Short "uice
KOCS ISLAND. ILL-
It is ar?t c'.i'f
804 Brady Street, Davenport, Io-