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TILE AKGGb. MONDAY. MAY 25, 1891
The Nicene Creed the Church's
"Charter of Liberty."
ALSO THE SUM OF HIS OWN FAITH.
An ingrnion Argument Proring That
the Council of Mice PronialgHteil the
"Rroilet" Standard of Faith in t
latence Its Kt-Jection Disloyalty to the
Chorrh The Proby terian Go tu Ann
Arbor1 and Accept McMillan Hall
J Gilt to the Baptist Vineyard Note.
Xew Yokk, May 25. The Rev. -.
Ilebtr Newton, rector of All Soul' rr
t est ant Episcopal church, who it charseJ
with holding heretical views ami with
preaching heretical doctrines, and espe
cially with denying the immaculate con
ception of the Savior and the resurectin
of his body after three days, took occasion
yesterday morning to answer his accuser
in a sermoa on the Nicene creed. He said
the Nicene creed was the charter of tns
church's liberty, when "rightly under
stood." It and the Apostle' creed were
spoken of as the Catholic creeds acceptel
by the church at lare. "The Greek
church, the Church of Koine, the Church
of England, and our owu church alike
hold fast to them."
Must l't-lieve the Nicene Creed.
'The Nicene cn?ed is a charter of lib
erty. It trees us from nine-tenths of the
V iriiing questions with which Protestant
ism is on tire to-day. What the Nicene
creed iiilirms, however, is bouuden upon
every loyal child of the church. To deny
tin Affirmation of that creed is to be dii
loya!. To accept loyally the churcu's
teaching what one's own individual miud
fails to affirm is a thoroughly honest at
titude" Not So the Thirty-nine Article.
The American church at first dropped
the Thirty-nine Articles but lat-er ac
cented them under constraint in order to
obtain Episcp.-tl consecration from Eng
land, "l'he Thirty-nine Articles were
pat forth fu the reformation era, not as a
substitute for the two great Catholic
creeds, but as an interpretation of them
in the thouiit current at the time. Oth
er reform churches dropped the great
Citholic creeds and substituted confes
sions of faith, then for the first time
drawn up. The Church of England never
intended to place the Thirty-am Ar i
cle in any kuch pjsitiou. Sue never or
dered them to be read or sung iu tli
churches. loo Itroad Even for Newton.
"Ky general consent the articles have
no binding obligation upon our thongnt
to-day. l'res-Kl as a creed they are &elf
destructive. They cover ail scUo ds o:'
thought, and Ktiield none. Every opinion
can find shelter benefit h them. No n;in
ioa can rest undisturbed within them.
Tney do not eveu exclude Komauism, !.s
Dr. Newman showed. All schouls of
opinion agree practically in this view of
the articles. They are a foreign substance
which has become encysted in the church.
This bein.: the state of the case, see how
much is ruled out from tl.e essentials of
faith in the Protectant Episcopal church.
A llnt at Calvinism.
"The Thirty-nine Articles stand for
that secondary body of reformation the
ology popularly known as Calvinism,
which is the irritating cuue of all tLe
disturbances iu ttie church to-day. Ac
cepted cotisciously bv a larire part of the
Protestant Christianity, tlie human mind
is iu revoit against it. that ever lessening
number of men excepted w hose solid com
fort to-day is that tiiey are not to de-Cl-viuizs
the Westminster confession. Ac
cepted unconsciously by a large part of
our own church, ttie opinions which it
seems to necessitate are iu violent reac
tioaagainst thu liberty which the great
creeds ordain in our church.
The Mistake x.me Men Make.
The tr uibls with the uood men who
are intent on forcing a conflict in our
church is simply that they mistake the
mass of thought which has grown .ip
within the church around Ihi ureat
creeds for living par's of the creeds
themselves. This simple distinction
would clear the whole atmosphere to day.
Nothing is to be demanded of a clergy
man in our church save loyalty totue
great Catholic creeds. Orthodoxy is to be
tested Ky no other stnular.l than those
found in the creeds. 1 he thought of lay
men need not concern itself with anv
doctrine not embodied in those creels
What a vast emancipation the recngsii
tiiuu of this catholic truth would w rk
among us. Scarcely a doctrine which is
in dispute in the churches around us cau
furnish a proper grutiud lor di-pute ia
our roomy church."
"HE NICENE CREED.
A ery I'nsr Thing to 1'ilieve If Yoa
Only Know How.
"The only nflirmatiou in the Nicene
creed Is the lar,-e. elastic declaration I
believe in o:ie Catholic aud apostolic
church.' Nothing beyond this is to be
demanded of anybody as a matter of faith.
What must we believe concerning the Li
blef Nothing beyond that simple declar
ation of the Nicene creed, "who snake by
the prophets.'" You may believe it lit
erally, said the do-jtor, or take u "more
reasonable 'view.' What does the church
bid us believe concerning the story of
creation? Nothing beyond the simple
declaration, 'I believe ia one God, the
Father Almighty, maker of heaven and
earth, and of all things visible and invisi
ble.' You are equally free to read the
story iu Genesis as a literal, prosaic bit of
history or as a parable."
Atonement and f uture Punishment.
After saying that the church does not
command us to believe auythiug what
ever as regards the origiu of evil or pre
destination andelectiou. Dr. Newton sa'd:
"What does the church teach us to be
lieve concerning the atonement? Only
that which is contained in the simple, uu
dogmatic language of our creed 'Who
for us men aud for our salvation, came
down Irom heaven.' What does the
church order us to believe concerning
future punishment? Nothing that is Dnt
contained 111 the simple undogmotic
statement of the creed 'He shall come
again with glory to judge both the quick
and the- dead. ' The reality of u divine
judgment of men this aud this alone is
p.rt of our faith,
Hesurrection of the Dead.
"What does our churcb compel ns to
believe concerning the resurrectiouf This
aud this alone 'and I look for the resur
rection of the dead.' The Apostles' creed
is, to be interpreted by the Nicene creed.
The phrase in the Apostles' creed 'The
resurrection of the body' U 'then iitee
preted by th larger aad more elastic
phrase of the Nicene creed 'the resur
rection of the dead.' You are free t in
terpret this in the most literal sense of
the body laid away ia the grave. If it
so he Ips you. Yoa are free to interp -et it
lit the largest sense which most men
m-tst read it, if they believe it at all.-' Of
the sacraments the only thing to be ieve
in was one baptism, and belief may be
either in the rue itself or ia the. spiritual
The Two Great Doctrine.
The doctor Baid that the two central
doctrines were the trinity and the it car
nation, the latterof which was assume 1 to
be the most impractical of specula
tions, the most irrational of dogmas, the
most uarrowing form of faith. "The doc
trine of the trinity is a purely philosoph
ical formula, a metaphysical statement in
interpretation of the mystery of the rela
tion of theDivine Being to creation, wl.ich
again, is a mystery of the nature of the
Divine Beiug himself. To interpret this
doctrine accurately is therefore wholly
beyond the power of man. To interp ret
it ia some way, as closely as possiblo to
the historic meaning discernible in the
fathers and recognized through the
church, is the duty of every clergyman."
The Doctor Defines the Trinity.
Dr. Newton defined the triuity in those
words: "God is in all life. He is uniquely
iu Christ, as Christ is a unique man, a
new order of creation, the nature in
which God is to be enshrined. Jems
Christ is therefore a man filled with tLe
indwelling God, God manifest ia the
fiesh." He then went on to declare Uat
the Niiene creed is a reconciliation of
Christianity with the historic religion of
the past, with itself, with mode-n
thought, with scieuce, with all forms of
religion to-day and the truth of the f i
ture. There would be no heretics if tl is
creed was properly accepted.
Ktligion and Science.
There was no conflict between religion
and science; the couflict is between
theology aad scieuce. "It does noty-t
appear how the acceptance of scientific
truth can be squared with the Westr i
ster confession and the Heidelberg catech
ism. Hut what antagonism is there Le
tween the Nicene creid ana -ciene?
CHURCHMEN IN COUNCIL.
Presbyterians Visit Ann Arbor A Itipt
ist Chapel Car.
Ann Ar.Boa, Mich., May 25. Seven
hundred commissioners an I friends of
the general assembly of the Presbyterian
church of the United States, which is
now in sess.on at Detroit, arrived iu this
city Saturday to attend the formal pre
senstatiou o: McMillan hall to the Tappar.
Presbyterian association by Senator
James McMillan, of Detroit. The secre
tary of the issociation read a statement
of the work of the association. The gen
erous donor of the building is abroad and
the formal presentation was made by ' :s
son, James il. McMillan, of Detroit. Jlev.
Wallace Ki.lciitf-, of Detroit, accepted it
in hei.alt oi the as-OLiatioa of which he
Koc kefeller's I'uiqne lift.
Cincinnati, May 23. The American
Baptist Publication society met at the
Grand Ctntral station Saturday to attend
the exercises of accepting from John D.
Rockefeller a chapei car. The car if a
plain coach sixty feet long by ten v.iue.
One end :s devoted to chapel purpose,
the complete interior beiug finished ia
antique oak. In the rear of the altar nn
apartment similar to a stateroom in a
sleeper is provided for cookins. The ex
ercises consisted of speeches of donatioa
an 1 acceptance. The car was very much
Thinks American should Vote.
PlTT-BLT'G, May 23. Kev. J. X. Mc
Clurkiu. of the Reformed Presbyterian
Theological semiuary, of AUegnauy, us
made public au announcement, of his in
tention to resign the chair of theology
and history in the institution. The rea
son is that seven young Reformed Pres
byterian ministers had been suspepd
from the cliurcn for voting at a poiit. -il
election, and that they would probably
be expelled. He says Americans should
have the right to decide this jue-tion tor
TweKe Thousand Sunday School People.
ST. Eons, May 25. Twelve thousand
young people, ranging in size .and age
;rom little toddlers scarcely able to march
to young men and women, formed the
May festival Sunday school parade, which
took place Saturday morning and extend
ed over three miles in length. It was a
magmriceut affair and a success in every
way. The day was passei iu games and
amu-e'iituts of various sorts.
SWEPT OVER THE FALLS.
l ive 1'ersons, Including Two Proraluemt
Lumbermen, Lose Their Lives.
St. I'Al'L. May 23. A terrible accident
occurred iu the Kettle river near Sand
stone, Minn , Friday eveuing. A boat
load of men were crossing the river at
dark and ventured too near the Kettle
fails. The boat was caught in the rapids
and whirled over the falls. Thomas Bar
ney, of Chippewa Fails, and Charles A.
McGraw, of Augusta, Me., both promi
nent lumbermen, and -Swan Peterson
were drowned. A boy named Whitesides
aud a man whose name could not be
learned are missing aud are probably
Ainsley Has No More Grudges.
Cincinnati, May 23. Word has been
received here that, John' Aiusley, a noted
desperado, was shot aud killed by Con
stable Joe E'ersole, of Clay county, Ky.,
last week. Ain-ley had a grudge against
Eversole. and went to his house to get re
venge. Eversole saw him coming, and
was prepared for a couflict. The first
movement of Ainsley to draw his gun
was met by a bullet from a Winchister
rifl, which killed him iuBtautiy.
Disappeared 810,000 In Debt.
ALTON, Ills., Msy 5. Peter Green
wood, treasurer of Wood Kiver township,
has mysteriously disappeared. He left
home a week ago and has not been heard
from since. Suspicion was aroused by
his prolonged absence and an examina
tion was made of his books. It was dis
covered that a shortage existed to tue
amount of tlO.oo), and that he had been
runniug belnud in his accounts for years.
Old Style 1'tinishnien t in Delaware.
WilminoToX, Del., May 23. Nine men
were whipped in the jail yard at New
Castle Saturday. Sjven of them re
ceived five lashes each and two ten lashes,
heven of the men were negroes. Two col
ored men who were whipped last week
for stealing stood an hour iu the pillory
Saturday for an atempt to kill the officer
who arrested them.
Her Forces Beaten in an Une
A LITTLE EATTLS IN SOUTH AFEICA
In Which Iti-ltlsh, Police Are .Successful
Over llin Odd Lisbon Talking War
Again English Preparing to Welcome
a Chiet Who Is Tired of the Portu
gueseA Man of Hi WorJ S1 Death
of Lord Romilly Snubbed by a Prin
ce. London, May 25. -Lord Randolph
Churchill cables to The Graphic from
Capetown that on May 12 an encounter
took place at the rear of Massikesse,
between the Portuguese and the British
South Africa company's police. The
Portuguese numbered about 230 Euro
peans and 500 natives with four guns.
The British numbered sixty with pne
gun. The Portuguese were repulsed
with seven k filed and more wounded. It
is believed that the Portuguese, having
occupied Massikesse, which was found
evacuated, marched on Umtassa. where
the light occurred.
War Feeling In Lisbon.
This news has caused much excitement
both in Lond jn an I Lisbon. A dispatth
from the latter city states that the war
feeling is again uppermost, and that the
people are clamoring for revenge upon
he British South Africa company. This
for the moment has diverted attention
from the financial crisis, which makes
it impossible for Portugal to make acy
lormidable warlike demonstration.
Doesn't Like the Portuguese.
The English authorities are preparing
to give a stunning reception to the two
emissaries from the powerful African
king, Gungunhama, whose territories lie
chiefly within the bounds claimed by
Portugal. Gungunhama asks for British
protection, and declares that he wants
nothing to dowith the Portuguese. He is
brother-in-law to Lebungu, king of Mat
abeles, who sent a similar embassy o
England some time ago, and was aston
ished at tbc report brought back of the
glories of Windsor castle aud Loadoa.
Had to Hake Somebody..
He would not believe them and or
dered them to be baked alive, from which
fate they were saved by an English mis
siouary.who roiiviaced the king" that they
told the truth. The missionary was hor
rihed to learn later on that the king had
caused two of his slaves to be subjected
to the fate intended for his emissaries, on
the ground that, having given his word,
somebo 1 y must peri-h.
LCRO RCMiLLY SUFFOCATED.
Tragic End of the scion of a Distin
guish Dritish family.
London, May 25. A tragical fire oc
curred here on Saturday night. At mid
night on that night I.rd William Rm
illy was in his drawing room at his Lon
don town house, 2 Covington Gardens, S.
Wa., when be accidentally upset a para
f.ne lamp, causing a blaze which set fire
to the apartment. Lord Rimilly at
tempted in vain to extinguish the flames,
which spread, causing a suffocating
smoke. His lordship was overcome by
the smoke and sank senseless to the
Two Servants Lose Their Lives.
The butler, smelling the smoke, rushed
to the drawing-room. There be found
Lord Romilly helpless. He at once pulled
hi- ior.l-Lip out of the room, and aroused
by his cries the other servants. An alarm
of fire was given, and engines hurried to
the scene, aud soon extinguished the
Sanies. The firemen entering the house,
found two of the servants, Blanche Grif
fin, the hor.se-maid. and Emma Lovell,
the cook, both senseless. Lord Romii'y
was removed to St. George's hospital, but
ill attempts to bring him to life failed.
Both the servants named were already
dead when carried to the hospital. gftj
A Fireman i:adly Irjured.
A fireman named George Byue was se
riously injured while assisting in the res
cue of the inmates. Lord William Rom
illy was descended from the great juris
consult. Sir Samuel Romilly. His father
idso was an eminent, lawyer. He was
himself born in 1W. He teaves a widow.
Lady Helen (Deuisou) Romilly, and a son
I y a former wife, Johu Gaspard Romillv,
1 oru in 1 '('
SNUBEED A TOOL OF THE CZAR.
f'ueeti Vic's (iranildanghter Does Aouut
the II ght Thing at Moscow.
London, May 25 General Greeszer,
prefect of police at Moscow, who has wtu
aa infamous notoriety by his severe exe
c itioa of the order for the expulsion of
Jws, was snubbed by the Princess Eliza
beth, wife of the Grand Duke Sergins,
oa her arrival in Moscow last week. On
tl e graud duke formally assuming com
mand of the city the various officials were
ittroduced to him and his wife. The
grand duke treated Greszer with tbe
same gracious condescension that he ex
tended to other officers, but the grand
daughter of Queen Victories looked in
another direction when he bowed pro
foundly before her. Englishmen are
proud of end Jews are delighted with her
Kalher a Ileiuarkaible Case.
NDIANA'0I.is. .May 25.-Arthur Wilson,
bO years old, was called before Judge
WxJS Saturday to be sentenced for im
personating an officer. Four meu had
idt ratified him as the man who committed
the rffense on Aug. 27, 1890. Wilson
stated that he was convicted of forgery at
Logansportin Februry,lSS3,and sentenced
to prison for one year, and that lie was
not released until Nov. t, 1890. The court
was so much impressed with his state
me it that senteuci was suspended.
Killed if His Insane Mother.
OsflKOSH. Wis., May 25. Early yester
day Mr. Corrigal killed her little 6 year
old son by striking him five times on the
heal with a hammer. His skull was
fractured ia three different places. The
woman has been insane for some time,
and ft was only recently that the at
tempted to choke him to death.
Live Turtles frim the Clouds.
Chawfoedsville, Ind., May 25. Dur
ing thunderstorm Friday evening live
turtles, some of them as large as a man's
bant , fell on the farm of Adam Walker,
in Coal Creek township. No trees were
near and they mast have dropped from
Didn't Know It Was Loaded.
HALLOCK, Minn., May 25. Ole Olscn,
aged 18, accidentally killed Andy Swan
son Ly shoot. ng. He did not know the
gun was loaded.
Whether on pleasure beet or business
should take on every trip a bottle of
Syrup of Figs, as it acts most pleasantly
and effectually on the kidneye, liver and
bowels, preventing fevers, headaches and
other forms of sickness. For sale in 50c
and $1 bottles by all leading druggists.
For Ecrses, Cattle, Sheep, Pees. Son,
500 Page Book on Treatment of Animals)
and Chart eeut Free.
crra( Fere rs.Conirest Ions. Inflammat lea
A. A. 3 (spinal Meningitis, Slilk Fever.
H. B.?s, rains, Ltmeirn, Rheumatism.
('.'. Distemper, ISasal Discharges.
.!. Uots or OrabiH Worms.
...( oagba. Heaves, Pneamonia
F. F. Colic or Gripes, Bellyache.
G. '..Miscarriage, Hemorrhages.
II. II I rinary and Kidney Disease.
I. 1. Eruptive Diseases, rttang-e.
J. K. Diseases of Digestion, X'aralysta.
tingle Bottle (over 50 dose), - -Mable
Case, with Specifics, MatmaL
Veterinary Cure Oil anl Meditator, 7.00
Jar Veterinary Care Oil, - 1.00
Sold by Druggists; or Sent Prepaid anywhere
ana in any quantity oa Receipt of Price.
HUMPHREYS' MEDICINE CO,
Comer William and John Sts., New York.
in use ft nrs. l ne only rnccesfnl remedy tor
Nervous Debility, Vital Weakness.
tid Proetrstioa, from oTer-work or other caiwi!
$1 per rial, or 5 Tiaie snd t&rsevial powdr..for &.
Sou bv PRtrontsTs. orseot postpaid onrece'it
of price. HUMPHREYS' MEDICINE CO.,
Cor. William and John St., N. Y.
Mre nnnnfr in ran-4
by 1-Vmalf Wfuknt-w than
all othrrti?ear-K tumbini'd
ana wn-n setritxini tinv
dnc-PH life lone invafnK
AV l-LOHkR PaSTlLLKH, tr,
tntlrfui hme trrfttnitnt
id a ure r-ure for Whites
or Luctrrhr-a. Inflamma
tion. Vlotration. I'ainiul
lu.i.-t. Al A lTa Lnfa. Mnttrilati.tn. Harronn
anj all complaints iK-cuU&r to tmaiea. i'oktp-ud, H.
For eale in Fork Inland hy IXartz A Bahncn,
Third avt nne and Twentieth street
now i inrn MiitTB.
BE WW t CLNU VLAtakaT
Call or ?n4 for circnlar cental mruj
the iTOt marrelons urei of Cor.eunip
;icn. Cancer. Bnc' lia.M Srrofula.
tlixema, rphiitv Viifurnatipm
firrh. Tumor. Sti-ir-h Trou !!-, etc ,
rtr aioo RliWRir..rTiT -Rot e-nnir..
Atrrf-wanted errrywher. KilS rtr k'F klMF.i
CO.. 4.r. Irvfcrbora aaa AUaa. Simti tlil(ilt. iiW
-NEW MUSIC STORE
No. 1804 Second Avenue.
Housel, Woodyatt 4 Co,
5 S3 i
This firm have the exclusive sale for this county of the
Fieiros eircl Oro-ais.
WEBER, DECKEIf BROS., WHEEL0CK
ESTEY, AND CAMP & C0 '3 PIANOS,
And the ESTEY, WESTERN COTTAGE and FAR
RAND & YOTEY ORGANS.
t3T"A fu'.l line al-o of miuM V u-i. il : r. li jn.li.
Pr iprii-tor of tbe Brady Street
A'l kinds' of C ut Flowers cor.stanly on band.
Green Hone Flower Store-
One block Eorth of Ctntral I'aik.iln Iare-t in Is. 3CI Brady Street, Davtn;,..rt. low.
This space is reserved for a plat of
SCHNELL'S ADDITION TO THE CITY OF
which is opened for the sale of lots. It is loca
ted south of. Ninth avenue between Twen
tieth and Twenty-fourth streets.
The Plat will be readv in a few davs.
e are opening-toe most complete line of Hardware specialties ever Sarea ia Back
Island beside our rej-nlar s oot of p!e and builders HardwsM
and MecUmtcs too!.
Pocket, Table as Kitchen Cutlery,
Nails, Stem. Goods, Tinware, Stoves, Eto.
BriCIALTLES-Cllmax Cook and Range,, -Florida- and Wilber Hot Wntw Heatata
rJotfcU Steam Boilers, Pasteur Germ Proof Filters, acono.j Furnaces, Ttsi
saa Sliest Iron work. Plumbing, Copperemlthlng acd Steam Frttlnf .
BAKER 8c HOUSMAN,
1823;Second avenneRock Island.