Newspaper Page Text
THJE AUG U IS. FRIDAY, JUNE 5. 1891.
Published Daily and Weekly at 1C21 Second At
enue. Rock Island, 111.
J. W. Potter. - Publisher.
Tama Daily, 60c pet month; Weekly, JS.OO
All communications of a critical or argumenta
tive, character, political or religion, mnn have
real nam attacbea tor puDiicauon. -o sucn aru
Uclea will be punted orer fictitious signatures
Anonymous communications not noticed.
Correspondence aolictted from every township
In Kock Island county.
Friday. Jckk 5. 1S91.
Racx says his conversation with the
president ended satisfactorily; but he
pretty certain to have another conversa
tion with a committee of the Fiftysecond
concresa which is likely to end quite
Secretary Foster's May increase in
public debt is the largest for a singl
month ret made by the administration
He passed the half million post, but did
did not quite reach the million. It is
likely that he will, however, before the
year is out.
ScHWKixFrRTH, the alleged "Christ,
of Rockford, has been out at Kansas
City. They do things differently out
there. Therefore Schweinfurth has been
requested by a committee to make bis
immediate departure from the city at the
mouth of the Kaw. Tar and feathers are
the arguments used and they will doubt'
less prove very effective. Schweinfurth
seems to be concealing the grossest of im
morality under the cloak of religion, to
say nothing of his rascality and sac
Emteror William s latest recommen
dation is that ministers cut their sermocs
down to 15 minutes. He has made some
suggestions concerning the opera, pro
posed the banishment of all tongues save
the vernacular from the schools, effected
some important changes in the army atd
the navy, and successfully interfered in
disputes between employers and em
ployed, and now he wants to refo-m the
pulpit. Long-winded sermons bore him.
They are a waste of time and a trial to
the patience, and he would improve their
quality by diminishing their quantity
He desires less chaff ard more wheat
As the imperial wish is equal to a com
mand, it is probable that the preachers
will in the future talk less and say m-r
Their sermons will not be so ornamental
but they will be more substantial.
Advocates of protection to infant (?)
industries are very fond of telling how
much cheaper plate glass is than it use d
to be and are trying to deceive the pub
lie. The price has been greatly reduce d
in a few years, but the tariff has not
done it, but improved machinery. To
show bow much the tariff cjsts us on
glass let us quote figures.
Wholesale price of plate glass last year
in America, per foot, 65 cents. In Europe,
according to the reports of the treasury
department, the price was 33 cents per
The tariff tax on plate glass is on an
average about 100 per cent., on the larg
est size it is 141 per cent. It will be seen
that the one or two plate glass manufac
turing companies of the United State
make a good thing and charge us righ t
up to the tariff 33 from S5 leaves 52,
they get 52 cents a foot more for glass
than we would have to pay, but for the
"protection." It is unnecessary to say
that our borne manufacturers divided,
last year, besides increasing their plants a
million dollars, or more, 34 J per cent,
and their shares are not in the market,
but are estimated $100 shares S500.
That is the way the people who dancs to
protection music pay the plate glass
fiddler, as the Fort Madison Democrat
sums it up. Over five millions of dollars our
people pay to two plate gUss firms for
IxDiANAroLis Sentinel: Mr. Blaine
went to Jsew YorR three or four weeks
x ago to see his daughter off for Europe.
He expected to remain in New York one
day only. He was taken ill, and although
the members of bis household assured the
reporter day after day that Lis illness was
not serious, he remained in New York
until a day or two ago, when he left
for Bar Harber. When he left
Washington the president was in the far
west. The convention of republican
leagues at Cincinnati Dad just snubbed
Harrison and boomed Blaine. The Har
rison family organ at New York had just
asserted, as by authority, that Blaine
would not consent to run for president in
1892, and the Harrison official organ at
Indianapolis had just asserted that the
president and not the secretary of state
was conducting the foreign affairs of the
government. Mr. Harrison had himself
just assured the people of Texas that he
was the original inventor of the reciproc
ity dodge. Two or three days after Mr.
Blaine left Washington Mr. Harmon re
turned there. Pressing business was and
is pending before the state department.
The president has not visited Mr. Blaine
at New York. Is it strange that the peo
ple put two and two together and make
four? But appearances are often decep
tive. Circumstantial evidence is fre
quently misleading. Mr. Blaine, we be
lieve, is hopelessly ill. But why hasn't
the president taken a few hours to visit
the stricken secretary?
COST OF PROTECTION.
AN OBJECT LESSON FROVI PLATE
What We Pay to Protect the Mate Clase
Men Borne and Foreign Prices What
Labor Geta Enormona Profi :a for the
It is announced in the trade papers
that "the Pittsburg Plate Glass com
pany, of Creighton, Pa., hare increased
their capital etock from $2.(00,000 to
$3,500,000. this being found advisable by
the enormous increase in the business.
They have works at Creighton, with a
monthly production cf 100,00) square
feet of polished plate glass; works at
Tarentum, with a monthly production of
150,000 square feet, and at Ford City,
with a monthly production of 250,000
square feet, making a total monthly out
put of 600,000 square feet of polished
A little calculation will show how
much it costs the country to protect the
Pittsburg Plato Glass company. Protec
tionists boast how protection has brought
down the price of domestic pla:e glass
from $2.50 per foot to an average price
of eighty-five cents per foot. Accepting
their figures, the total price of the 500,000
square feet made by the Pittsburg com
pany per month would be $425,003. Our
glass companies do not work all the year
round; but allowing ten months of
work for the Pittsburg compiny, it
would have a gross income of $1 200.000
Now the reports of the treasiry de
partment show that the plate gl.iss im
ported last year was invoiced at slightly
less than thirty-three cents per square
foot At this rate the ten months" out
put of the Pittsburg company could be
imported at a total cost of $1,650,000, a
saving of $2,600,000. In other '.fords,
the consumers of plate glass in thi coun
try are compelled by law to pav trib
ute of $2,600,000 per annum to this sin
gle company over and above the cost of
the same quantity of glass imported and
laid down in New York. Or if this con
cern should work twelve months in the
year, the price of its total product would
be $5,100,000. of which $3,020,000 would
represent the estra tariff price.
The high protection on plate lass,
equal to 141 per cenL on the largest
sizes, shows itself in the yearly dividends
of this Pittsburg concern, in its
dividends were 34J per cent., as t"ified
in court by one of the company, ard its
shares, with a par valne of $100, are now
Notwithstanding the high profits which
this company is making by virtue of
high protective duties, it does not for
that reason pay its labor any higher than
non-protected labor. In no industry are
the hours of labor-longer than in this,
and in none is the work harder. And
yet while these manufacturers ch;trge
for their glass all that the tariff will al
low, thewages of the workmen are lower
than those paid to laborers anywhere
else in the United States for work" equal
ly difficult and exhaustive and reqniriEg
The manufacture of plate glass is di
vided into four separate and distinct
processes and departments:
The casting hall, in which the glass is
cast and the ronith plate rolled.
The grinding of the rougn plate with
The polishiug of the plate by the use of
emery, rouge and felu
The cutting and preparing of the fin
ished plates for shipment.
The most difficult and severe labor is
performed in the casting hall, but in
grinding and polishing the greatest skill
is required. In the following table tae
wages of the most important workman
only are given. A day's work is from
ten to twelve hours, more usnally the
latter, especially in the casting hall:
Master teaser 0
Pourcrs and skimmers g 75
Kiln leasers 2 ;fl
Kiln month men (0
Roach cotter 8 to
Boss layer I (0
First layer 2 23
SecODd laser 2 D
Third layer i 7-,
First tableman 251
Second wibleman 1 "
Cancelman 1 50
Matcher s ,
polish 1x0 uoou.
First layer s 7-,
Second layer ...... 2 6t
Third layer 2 15
Fourth layer 1 90
Mixers 1 60
Matcher 2 00
First cutter .. g yj
Second cutter 2 25
Third and fourth cutters 2 10
Fifth cutter 1 75
Packer 2 si
The above are the wages paid by the
Pittsburg Plate Glass compauy at their
works at Tarentum and Creighton, Pa.
At their plant it Ford City the work
men earn much less, in soma cases 40
per cent, less than above.
There are eight companies in this
country engaged in making plate glass.
having a combined capacity of about
10,000.000 feet xer annum. At the prices
already quoted this amount would cost
the consumer $3,500,000 if bought in the
borne market; but if imported it could
be had for $3,300,000. That is to say, we
pay about $5,200,000 a year to protect
our eight plate glass concerns. It is said
that they all average above 5 per cent
in prof;t3 every year.
In order to make the tiling look less
palpably absurd we pretend that we give
tnis protection for the benefit of labor.
But there are only about 3,000 laborers,
including women and children, employed
in the plate glass industry. In order to
protect these we tax ourselves about
$1,700 for each one of them. The above
tables show that only a small part of
these laborers get as high as three dol
lars a day. Working ten months in the
year, theref e, the highest priced labor
in this industry can earn onlv $780. The
consumer v. s taxes to protect the la
borer, but the manufacturer pocKcts
these taxes i . his S4 per cent dividends.
Does it pa the people or this country
to protect pl..te glass.'
Oh. how does the rain come ?mf
With rattle and riot and rash!
With flutter and spotter.
And gurgle and matter.
And clatter and spatter and gushl
With a mad ontbursting and roaring.
With fizzing and splashing and pouring.
And noise to deafen a town.
The turbulent rain comes down!
But after tis over an hour or more
The world looks much as it did before.
And there's nothing to show for the fuss and
The rain made coming down.
But how does the snow come down?
With a touch like a soft wing's brush!
With glancing and gliding,
- And stealing and sliding.
With whiteness and lightness and bush!
With airy floating and swimming.
With fairy boating and skimming!
And no one in all the town
Would know when the snow comes down
If he looked not out on the changed white day.
And the ctu tinned earth, that seems to say
How much can be done in a quiet way
The way the snow comes down.
Mrs. Cora W. Branson in New York Inde
pendent. A Typical Bachelor's Roan,
The multiplication of bachelors' apart
ment house is responsible for the bache
lor's room, which you will find nowadays
as often out of the apartment houses as in
it. The bachelor's room is not a hall bed
room or a three story back. It is a fine,
spacious apartment, which is supposed not
only to show at a glance that it's occupant
is a man. but to Rive some evidence of the
treml of his tastes. If he is artistic the
fact is expected to declare itself in the fine
virility of the choice of proof etchings he
has made water colors are held in more
favor by women. If he is musical his fiddle
and baDjo, piano and flute proclaim it.
O'tener than either, however, one sees an
arrangement like this:
Above the mantel crossed foils with a
pair of fencers' masks; upon the mantel
two pairs of boxing gloves. On a long,
unbroken side, a panel of oars or paddles,
fish nets and rods with mounted deers'
heads as climaxes; upon the door a raw
hide Xavajo shield, hand painted by some
coppev colored impressionist with a white
wash brush and a pot of red ochre; upon
another wall an arrangement of guns of all
nations, swords and pistols; a bronze of
the Louvre gladiator; a lariat in coil; a la
crosse or tennis racket; minor trifles of a
sportive hue; no pictures, except possibly
some old line engravings of hunting scenes.
The effect of all this is rather confusing
at best; it becomes comical when the bache
lor occupant is a soft handed swell who
couldn't shoot a barn door at ten rods and
never pulled a stroke oar in his life. Xew
York Cor. Savannah News.
How Carlyle Received Him.
Oae of the most curious receptions of
visitors was that which Carlyle gave
George Giltiilau. Gilfillan was" quite a
litemry character a generation aero. His
books were widely read, and his " Literary
Portraits " were especially popular with
the young ladies. I know of many girls
who slept with these volumes under their
pillows. GilSilan was a lecturer as well
aa writer. He appreciated his popularity
and had a very good opinion of George
Gilfillan. He called one day at Mr. Car
lyle's, and his knock was responded to by
Carlyle himself. As Carlyle opened the
door and stood before Lim, Gilfillan intro
duced himself with a grandiloquent bow,
"I am George Gilflllan, and yon are Mr.
Carlyle, I suppose. 1 have been lecturing
about you all over England."
Carlyle looked at him half a moment,
and then throwing back his shaggy mane
blurted out, "What the dickens did yon
lecture about me for?" and slammed the
door in his face. London Tit-Bits.
Why He Was Named.
The boy's fishing pole was fastened un
der the root of a tree on the river bank,
and he was sitting in the sun playing with
"Fishing?"' inquired a man passing
along the road.
"Yep." answered the boy as briefly.
"Nice dog you've got there. What's his
"'Fish?' That's a queer name for a dog.
What did you call him that for?"
" 'Cause "he won't bite."
Then the man proceeded on his way.
In one of the earliest trials before a col
ored jury in Texas the twelve gentlemen
were told by the judge to "retire and find
the verdict." They went into the jury
room, whence the opening and shutting of
doors and other sounds of unusual commo
tion were presently heard. At last the
jury came back into court, when the fore
man announced: "We hab looked every
whar, judge, fordat verdict in de drawers
and behind de doahs. but it ain't nowar in
dat blessed room." San Francisco Argonaut-Came
and Fish Plentiful.
John Chamherlin Tra in tmrn
ing with enthusiasm about his hotel down
at Fortress Menroe. "Why, just think of
it." said he, "my boy, just think of it, the
snipe come and sit on the back porch till
you shoot them for dinner. I have to keep
the hired girls busy sweeping the soft shell
crabs off the front piazza, and I've got a
great big watermelon garden on the roof.
Besides ail this, the hiiilili
feet longer thnn the Capitol of the United
stales: - .New lork World.
In the telephone an alteration of timbre,
consisting of a disagreeable snuffling
which distorts words, is said to be due to
the fundamental note and harmonics of
the diaphragm being superfmposed upon
those of the voice, without becoming con
founded with them, and producing a dis
turbance of the electric waves of the move
ments of the diaphragm molecules, and
therefore of the sound waves which reach
Dislocations can usually be put in place
by pulling. Dislocation of the jaw ia
treated by seizing the lower jaw with both
hands, the thumbs on the teeth, and push
ing first down and then backward.
Highest of all in Leavening Power.
Consultation at Sea.
A certain physician in a large Xew Eng
land town had acquired an unenviable
reputation for making his bills as large as
possible without much regard to the state
of his patients' purges. There were people
who furthermore said that it really seemed
as if there were "visits" on his bills which
had never had existence anywhere else.
But he was a skillful physician, and his
tendency to overrate his services only
served to amuse some of his patients who
had plenty ot money and were not especial
ly sharp in looking after it.
"Why," said ctae man to another, speak
ing of the doctor, "he brought my daugh
ter Jennie up from her attack of pneu
monia, when two other physicians had
said there was no hope for her, but when
she was quite well again he charged me for
three calls he made, to 'inquire in a friend
ly way how she was getting on."
"That seems a little forced," admitted
the other man, "but it's nothing compared
to an experience I had with him at the sea
shore. "We happened to be in bathing at the
same time one dny and I swam up to him
and inquired for his wife.
" 'She's very well,' said the doctor.
" 'And your daughters?' I asked.
" 'They're perfectly well, both of them,'
replied he, rather shortly, I thought. So
I said, 'I'm delighted to hear it; remember
me to them,' and swam away.
"And what do you think I received from
him a week or two later? An itemized bill
" 'To consultation at koa, five dollars!' "
Although no one has ever seen th.it bill
the story clings to the doctor's name to
this day, after the lapse of many years.
Clothes for a Prince.
I have lately had occasion to notice
dresses ordered for empresses and grand
duchesses, but they pale before the morning
gowns provided by a conturier a la mode
for Ferdinand, prince of Bulgaria. He has
a passion for attiring himself in silken
sumptuosities. One of the gowns was in
electric blue, lined with the softest surah
over eiderdown, and affecting somewhat
the form of a princess robe, with embroid
eries of a passementerie in which steel and
lightning blue beads were mixed. The
sash was of soft brocaded silk ribbon, hav
ing a pattern to match in tone with the
A creamy white silk surah shirt, having
breast rufiles of point lace, and pale, old
rose brocaded inexpressibles, taking the
form of a divided skirt, with blue stock
ings, embroidered with old-rose floss, and
blue slippers matching the sa-sh completed
the costume, which I was told is to be worn
at a morning concert. Buttous studded
with brilliants and a Turkish cap of satin,
having a diamond aigrette in front, were
to be the "linishing touches.''
The prince is as a-sthetic as any English
worshiper of the suntlower. A gown for
an evening concert was in amler brocade,
lined with auot her shade of yellow satin,
aud bordered round the neck and down
the front with amber leads and yellow,
fluffy ostrich feathers. The shirts were iii
yelrow silk, fronted with moitsseline de
soiecouleur soufre, arranged in a kind of
drapery, and with ruffles of the same ma
terial. The ladies of the Corps Diploma
tique at Sofia delight in the young ruler's
costumes. Ioudon Truth.
The Vovt Lover Finally Turns.
He had finished his introductory re
marks, and was about to propose, when he
discovered that his proposal would be
treated with contempt.
"Go on, Mr. Spriger," she said, impa
tiently tapping her foot on the carpet as
he paused, in his remarks.
"I was about to say, Miss Hilder," he con
tinued, "that I am aware that the human
heart, especially a woman's,, is a delicate
thing, and I come tonight to correct a
wrong impression which you have been un
der for some time, I think. To be plain.
Miss Hilder, because I do not wish to
cause you future suffering, let me state
that I have never cared enough for you to
ask you to link your lot with mine; there
fore do'not think that? I can return the love
you bear for me. My attentions to you have
been prompted purely by afrrendly feeling,
nothing more. But I trust this "will not
mar our friendly relations," he said, taking
his hat to go, "for remember you will ever
have in me a true friend. Be assured I
shall always be a nephew to you."
And she was so dumb with surprise and
anger that she didn't say goodby to him
when he bowed himself out. Boston Her
ald. Wanted the Best Seat.
"The coolest man I ever saw," said the
conductor as the car rolled northward,
"was on this car last night on the last trip.
He was a big fellow. When he went to
sleep in a corner I made up my mind that
I was going to have trouble with him, and
put off waking him up until the last min
ute. "Finally I shook him and told him to
wake up. He sighed, stretched himself a
little and asked:
"Where am I?"
"In the barn." I replied.
"He opened his eyes, looked around, hic
coughed and instead of getting mad, as I
had expected, he said with a yawn:
"Give me a box stall and plenty of clean
"Then he tried to go to sleep again, but
I managed to get him out." Chicago Trib
une. An Adept at Hedging.
D., four years old, has a little bank for
his sp.tre pennies. By some curious ar
raugemeGt a monkey pops out and receives
the coin, and the child considers it great
fun to deposit ail the change he can get.
Oae day he asked Lis grandfather for a
penny, which of course was given to him.
In a moment, he returned aud demanded
another. His grandfather laughingly de
murred at such a raid upon his purse, bui
the little man came off victorious by say
ing, "Grandpa, just take that handful out
of your pocket aain, aud I'll show you
some money that you'll be delighted to
give me." New York Trfbune.
Wanted At nice, cbsmbetmaid and
laundry girl at Htrper bouse.
TJ. S. Gov't Rtoort, Au. 17, 1S89.
J. B. ZIMMER,
-THK WELL KNOWN-
Star Block, Opposite Hap.pep. House.
has purchased for the
' Spring and Summer of 1891,
A larger and finer stock than evr. These cood will arrive in a few days. Wait and t-e
H. SIEMON & SON,
ioves and Tinware
Baxter Banner Cooking and Heating "Stoves and the Geneseo Cooking 6iovsj
Tin, Copper and Sheet Iron Work.
irw sKroTT avf... kock trt.axd. ill
HAVE YOU SEEN THE
Calf Goodyear Welt Shoes?
The best Mec'i fine shoe in the city for the
Second and Barrisou Sts.
J". JUL. CHRISTY,
Steam Cracker Bakery,
ASTJ7 &CTD&S2 OF CSACKXM AHD BISCUITI.
Ask jour Grocer lor them. They are best.
aar"?pcl ':! 1 Tie CVriaty "0T8TXB" and the Cariarj "WAFIS."
ROCK ISLAND, ILL.
SEIVERS & ANDERSON,
Contractors and Builders,
ALL KINDS OF OABPKNTEB WOKS. DONS,
nr General Job t lag dont on abort no tic and satisfaction cnaranteod.
Office and Shop 1412 Fourth Avenue, ROCK ISLAM) ILL.
Successor to A damson & Ruick,
Shop Nineteenth St., bet.
General Jobbing and Repairing promptly done.
5Sf8econd Hand Machinery bought, sold and repaired.
Agency for Excelsior Roofing Company.
Cheaper than Shingles.
Bend for circclar. Telephone
GEORGE SCHAFER, Proprietor.
1601 Second Avenue, Comer of Sixteenth Stree - Opposite Harper'e Tbeitre.
Th 9 choicest Wines, Liquors. Beer and Cigars aiways on Hand
Free Lunch Every Day
B. F. DeGBAR,
Contractor and Bnilder.
Office end Shop Coraer Seventeenth St.
and Seventh Avenue,
KB-Ail kief of carpenter work a BI eciaHy.
ST. JAMES HOTEL,
Corner Twenty-third street and Fourth arenue EOCK ISLAND. ILL.
J. T. RYAN, Proprietor.
This house has jn.t been refltted throughout and is now in A No. 1 condition. I: Is afrst-c'.,
C1.C0 per day house and a desirable family hotel.
Mannf actnrer of all kinds of
-BOOTS AND 8HOES-
Gents' Fine Shoes a specialty. Repairing done neatly and promptly .
A share of your patronag respectfully solicited.
1618 Second Avenue. Rock Island, I !
CONTRACTOR AND BUILDER,
Shop comer Twenty-second street and tfinth a?enue. Residence 2935
tSTls prepared to make smatos and do all kinds of Carpenter work. GiTe.him a trial.
STABY, BEEGER & SNELL,
Rock Island, 111.
First and Second AveDue,
T. H. ELLIS. Rock Island. I:i.
1036. Cor. Fourteenth St. and Sec r.c Ave
Sandwiches Furnished on Short Nct'ce
: : Rock Island.
Plan, and estimate for aU kinds of b-r.fi .