Newspaper Page Text
TILE 'ARGUS. TUESDAY. JUNE 0, 1891.
Published Daily and Weekly at 1624 Second At
enue. Rock Island, 111.
J. W. Potter. - Publisher.
Tbrii aDaily, 50c per month; Weekly, $3.00
All communication of a critical or argumenta
tive character, political or religious, mnn have
real name attached for publication . No each arti
ticlea will be printed over fictitiona signatures -Anonymoo
communication not noticed.
Correspondence solicited Irom every township
In Rock Island connty.
TlESDAY, JcNK 9, 1891.
iHt V. M. C A's. of the country now
own property worth 513,250.00. One
thousand and eighty-three persons are
engaged as paid officials, and there are
225,000 members. "
It is reported on unquestioned author
ity that Secretary Noble has placed his
resignation in the hands of Acting Sec
retary Chandler, to be presented when
ever General Noble orders it by telegraph.
He positively refuses to remain a mem
ber of the cab'net while Raum is per
mitted to remtin ip the pension office.
It is announced that Mai. Gen. John
M. Schofleld, commander in chief of the
United States ariL'y, is about to marry
Miss Georgia Kil bourne, of Keokuk,
Iowa. The ceremony will take place one
week from next Thursday, June IS. at
Keokuk, and will be witnessed by a large
and distinguished assemblage. It will be
a military wedding and a yery brilliant
affa.r. Gen. Schofleld is fiO years eld,
and Miss Kilbourne 26. The daughters
of the Kilbourne bouse appear to take to
the idea of being old men's darlings; a
sister of the coming Mrs. Schofleld mar
ried Gen. Hiram Banrey, of New York,
when she was 22 and he was 74.
New York Sun: The Hon. Charles
B. Farwell, of Chicago, is no longer a
senator in congress, but his greatest work
in that body is not forgotten. He be
lieves that the problem of Irrigating the
arid lands can be settled by means of dy
namite, the explosion of which from a
balloon will, he thinks, deduce the gentle
rain from heaven. He got congress to
appropriate $2,000 for rain b&llooas and
balloon rain, and he is going into the
arid lands next week with some scientific
persons from Washington to see the ap
propriation spent. He will take his
mackintosh and galoshes, and confident
ly expects a wet June. He seems to be
undertaking rather a perilous experiment.
He may blow such a hole into the Welkin
re3ervoir tht the arid lands will be con
verted into a fake; but what can hold
back a Chicago scientist bent upon dem
onstrating his theory? Still, Mr. Farwell
must be cirefrl not to stand in the rain.
His health is sa precious to the Hon.
The Krrord lor .Maj
St. Loris Republic; In endeavoring
to excuse the fact that during the month
of May the Harrison administration in
creased the public debt $023,000 nS ere
ated a deficit of $300,UOO, an administra
tion organ, whether ignorantly or other
wise, makes the preposterous claim that
the contraction in the money circulation
which took place dnring the month h to
the administration's credit. It says: ,
"According to the debt statements sent
from Washington to ail the papers of the
country the public indebtedness increased
about 63.tUJin themjctlof May. Ex
amination of the detailed statements,
however, reveals a reduction in the' debt
of more than t2,20U.o.'tJ in the montn.
This difference is due to the fact that the
former figures are based on the "less
caBh in the treasury" system of computa
tion which has been employed for many
years in the monthly balance sheets of
the financial end of the government,wbile
the latter show the actual changes in the
debt. The interest-bearing debt of the
government ibat represented "by the 4 J
acd 4-per cent, bonds was cut down to
the ex'.ent of f242,OuO in the month.
This is the only part of the debt which is
any burden to the country, and its reduc
tion, even by this suiail figure, is an
evidence that the work of meeting the
public obligations has not entirely ceased
There have also been cuts in the debt on
which interest has stopped owing to tbe
maturity of the bonds representing it.
and in the debt which has never borne
any interest, a drop of over f 2,200.00'J
in the atcregite."
The -debt beariog no interest" here re
ferred to is given in the treasury state
ment for May as ' legal-tender notes, old
demand notes, nitionai bank notes and
fractional currency." There is no com
parison with the preceding month, nor is
there in the table of " certificates ami
notes issued on deposits of gold and
silver and legil-tender notes" immediately
following. Bath are "bunched" in the
totals of a tab'e of "comparisDn of debt
with the preceding month."
This shows a decrease on bonded debt
of only f 242.0W, which, with the rest, is
offset by the very large increase in cur
rent liabilities as compared with the cash
available to meet them. Excepting this,
the alleged "decrease of debt" of S2,4C2.
OO0 is made up of a contraction of $1,
953 638 in the legal tender and other note
currency (National bank notes redeemed
for May $1,606,657) and of $253,407 in
the coin certificates.
Without doubt this is largely due to
the European demand for gold, resulting
in calls on the treasury to redeem in gold
for export its outstanding obligations of
paper notes. While technically "a de
crease of the nnn interest bearing debt,"
it is really a contraction of the cur
rency. The country is under obligations to the
Harrison organs for calling attention to
this matter and so demonstrating that in
addition to the creation of a deficit, and
to a considerable net increase of the total
debt, the administration's record for May
includea the farther contraction of what
was already a badly contracted cur
rency. - .
THE AX TRUST..
Why It Ilad to Reduce Prices Imprc ve
moots In Ax Making.
Before the ax trust was organized
early in the spring of last year the
wholesale price of axes .was as low aa
$5.25 per dozen, but by December the
trust had forced up prices to $3. Under
the competition of outside factories, he w
ever, prices are now lower than in De
cember, bein? now from $6 to $7 er
dozen. The trust is composed of six
teen factories, and there are some six or
eight independent factories, besides a
number of smaller concerns which have
sprung up since the trust raised prices
As the result of the arbitrary action of
the trust in putting np prices there is a
disposition among dealers to handle axes
made by the independent concerns. As
announced in the trade papers, all t ie
companies outside of the trust are roshl
with business. The Collinsville (Com .)
works, with more money than the Era
dicate itself, have to run dav and night
to fill orders. The Cohoes (N. Y.) sh p
is overrun with orders, and the propri
etor has started two outside shops th.it
have not been running for two years.
Notwithstanding the utterly uncalled
for action of the trust in , raising prices
McKinley continued the old duty of 45
rer cent, on axes. This duty is not need
ed to protect the trust from any outside
competition, siuce we import no axes an 1
our manufacturers are selling their prod
uct successfully in many foreign cont
tries. An ax manufacturer is authority
for the statement that 3.500 dozen Amei
ican axes were recently shipped to Nor
way and Sweden, and at least 15.000 doz
en to Australia.
The ability of onr ax manufacturers t.
compete in the world's markets is due to
several causes. In the tirst place, tin;
method of manufacturing is different
with ns from what it is in Europe. Ir.
onr ax factories nothing is made bur
axes, while in Europe various kinds ol
edged tools are made in the same establishment-
The result is that much time
is saved by keeping each man constantly
doing the same thing.
A further advantage is that in onr fac
tories labor saving machinery is used to
an extent unknown in Europe. Only
within the past two or three years a ma
chine has been invented for welding the
steel bit to the body of the ax, by which
two men the bit drawer and his helper
can weld 350 axes per day, as against
only 150 before this invention was made.
Another invention is a patented process,
controlled by a Pittsburg company, for
making a fine crucible steel for ax bits.
Onr ax manufacturers formerly import
ed their bit steel from Sheffield, England,
at a co?t of about Sj cents per pound.
Now they set it from Pittsburg at 6 to
65 cents. This steel is now regularly ex
ported to England and Sweden, from
which we formerly drew onr supply.
The ax manufacturers have a further
advantage m a very low labor cost cf
production. A manufacturer who is in
the trn;.t says that labor represents only
about 30 per cent, of the cost of an ax.
Yet, to covt the pretended difference in
the labor con in Europe and America
the .McKinJeyite put a duty of 45 per
cent, on axes! Even the daily wages paid
workmen m ax factories are by no means
high. The following are the wages pre
vailing m a western New York factory
Formers f 1 ii
Helpers to formers J Zj
Temperers s ;i
Rollers 8 Oi
Helpers to roiU-rs s 23
These figures represent the average
earnings per day, but the work 13 all
done by the piece so much per dozen for
forcing, grinding, etc.
With these advantages our ax manu
facturers ought to have a very large for
eign trade. The fact is. however, that
they do very little to develop trade in
foreign countries. A member of the
trust has admitted that if the manufact
urers had given one-tenth of the atten
tion to the foreign market that thty have
given to the home market they would
have a good and staple trade all the year
round. Instead, however, of going out
and. as McKinley says, "capturing the
world's markets," the manufacturers de
pend upon the usual export discounts to
bring them crders from abroad. This
Fpecial discount to foreigners is usually
12 to 13 per cent, below the price in the
home market. What is the use to pro
tect an industry which can sell cheaper
abroad than at home?
McKinley' Reduced Duties.
The McKinleyites have a cheap trick
cf counting np the number of duties re
duced i j the McKinley tariff law, and
then claiming triumphantly that this
law "gives a larger measure of free trade
than the country ever had before." But
they overlook the fact that the reduction
of a duty where there are practically no
imports signifies nothing. On this point
ex-Consul Schoenhof. in writing of Mc
Kinley' 3 chemical schedule, bays:
"We find such articles as bln-i vitriol
or sulphate of copper, of which the
importations dnring amounted to
$09, reduced from 3 cents to 2 cents per
pound, or from GO to 40 per cent. We find
refined camphor, of which the import
ations amounted to $10.50, reduced from
5 cents to 4 cents per pound, or from 3-4
per cent to 27 per cent, ad valorem;
chloroform, of which we imported $7.25,
reduced from 50 cents to 40 cent3 per
pound, or from 49 per cent, to S3 per cent,
ad valorem; iodine, import value $12,
reduced from 40 cents to 30 cent3 per
pound; iodoform, import value $39, re
duced from $2 to $1.50 per pound, or from
08 per cent- to 43 per cent.
"In this way the reductions run along.
Near the end of the list we find so im
portant a manufacture as santonine, and
all salts thereof containing 80 per cent
and over of santonine, $2.50 per pound,
while the former duty was $3 per pound.
'This is a reduction of 50 cents per
pound,' as the senate committee explains
to us in the foot note. Yes. Upon an
importation of seven pounds at a totai
value of $3 during the fiscal year 1889.
A reduction from 333.33 , per cent to
103.32 per cent."
PUBLIC HOUSE SIGNS.
lew or the Many Arauilnr Slirna
He Found on English Inns.
irom an tngush directory have been
gleaned a few notes on the signs of hotels
and inns, and. first, we have found several
"Rising Suns," but no "Setting Snn.
Then we meet with a "Schoolboy," but no
"Schoolmaster." As to numbers, we come
across "Two Dutchmen,"' "Three Legs,"
"Four Ashes," "Five Alls," "Six Rineers,"
"Seven Stars," a "Twelve o'Clock" and
lue ".New Inn' appears a creat many
times. The "New Dusty Miller" also turns
up, but an "Old Inn" we have not met
with. "Old Barrels" we have encoun
tered. "OH Hats," "Our Old Crown" ami
the "Old Cock." What "Old Number One"
means we leave our young readers to im
agine, but au "Old Mower" we can all
picture to ourselves, also an "Old Moor
cock" and an "Old White Horse." An
"Oid Red Pump" we should take to be n
temperance hotel. "The lirave Old Oak"
surely poes to the hearts of all, and so does
"The Old House at Home," and not less
"The Warm Hearthstone."
Ihe prettiest of all the signs we have
noticed is, perhaps, "The Bunch of Roses,"
thoaph some may fancy "The Eale and
Child" better, or "The Babes in the Wood."
If yon are a poet aud want inspiration
you can sip your ale under the "Shakes
peare," the "Milton," or even the "Mount
Parnassus." If you are nautical you can
visit the "Ship," or her "Keel," or if yon
are inclined for fun there are the "Jolly
Sailors." If a very ancient mariner there
is the "Noah's Ark" at your service, tr the
"Dove and Rainbow."
The sporting tastes of England come out
strongly in the inn signs, especially, per
haps, in the West Riding of Yorkshire,
where there are "Racehorses," "Hares and
Hounds, Horses and Grooms," "Grev-
hounds," "DojTs and Guns,"' "The Saddle,'
"The Mare and Foal," and such like in
abnndance. The clergyman can enter the
"Mitre." the "Church Steps." or the "Lamb
and Has." Colors play a vrreat part in the
signs of these inns. White is the favorite;
white harts, white horses, white swans:
yea, even white lions abound. Black stands
next in the race; then come red. and bay,
blue, pray, brown, rreen and yellow. The
browns are all cows hut one, and the yel
low are all lions. The bull i often Mack,
but he is uever white, nor blue, nor preen,
nor yellow: but lie is fond of allying him
self with other people, and he sometimes is
in partnership with a bell, or a tIo, a
mouth, or a un.
The sipn of the "Bull and Butcher" has.
they say, a story attached to it which is of
some interest. When Anna Boloyn was
put to death by her husband, Henry VIII,
one of her friends set up a public house
under the sij of the "Boleyn Butchered."'
This continued until the days of Queen
Elizabeth, who induced mine host in each
case to alter the sien to the "Bull and
Butcher."' The story flew about, and many
loyal publicans sold ale under the sicnal of
the "Bull and Butcher.-'
Tlie Rarbers Pole.
Inter-Ocean has the following to say ou
the oriir.n 01 the barber's pole: In medieval
times barbers served the public also ia the
capacity of surgeons, and especially per
formed the act of bleedinp. In this opera
tionastaiT was heid by the person beins
bled, and fillets or bands were of course
necessary for binding the arm after bleed
ing. When the sta:I was not in uje the
iiiiet was tied on it, that both mijht be
ready for use when wanted, and it was cus
tomary for barters to hnnz the two to
pettier at their doors fur a sipn where the
very neees-ary surceon could be found.
At ieuirtb, instead of hanpinp out the
staff used ia the operation, a pole was
paimed with stripes in imitation of the
staff and bandage, and thus used as a
-icn. It is said that there was an ancient
statute decreeing that barbers, when they
pursue 1 no other trade, were to u-e a blue
anil white pole, striped, but that when they
also followed the profession of surgeon
:hey mnst use a red stripe aiso. The Lost
barber surgeon of Lon lou is said to have
died there in lrJl.
The Human Form.
The ancient Greeks, we are told, made
1 11 their statues representing human fig
T res by the measurements here given:
J'rora the crown to the nape of the neck is
t ne-twe!fththestatureof aperfectly formed
nan. The Laud, from the wrist to tbeend
of the middle finder, is one-tenth of the
t jtal heipht. A man of pood proportion is
tail as the distance lerweeu the tips of
h:s liuters w'neu both arms are extended
to full length.
The face, from the Ligbe-t point of the
f reheat, where the hair begins, to the eDd
of the chin, is one-tenth of the whole
stature. If the face, from the roots of the
h iir to the chin, be divided into three equal
p.irts, the first division determines the
place where the eyebrows should meet, the
second the opening of the nostrils. The
proportions of the human figure are six
ti nes the length of the ripht foot. Wheth
er the form is slender or plump, the rule
h ld- L-ood, on an averape. Any deviation
frim T he ru'.e is a departurefrom the beau
ty of proportion.
Did you change the dress pat
tern and blow the man np for the mis
tase? Husband I had it changed, bnt the
cltrk declared that he knew you were
Wife Well, what did you do about it?
Husband (grimly) I shock hands
with him. Qoa Review.
Highest -of all in Leavening Power.
t or luluru Kelerence.
"Let's see," lie mused us he laid his
paper down on the bench in Battery
park, 'Tve seen the name before, bnt I
can't place it."
"What's the name"' queried his neigh
bor. "Christopher Colninbus.'
"Why, he discovered America."
"That's it that's it! I knew he did
something or other, but just what it was
I'd forgotten. I'll put that down and
try and remember it. so as to post the
folks in Pennsylvania." New "ork Even-
Kind Father My dear, if vou want a
good husband, marry Mr. Ooodheart.
lie reallv and trnlv loves von.
Daughter Are you sure cf that, pa?
Kind Father Yes. indeed. I've been
borrowing money of him for six months,
and still he keeps cominp. New York
He lleanl It Coming.
First Student Kow it blows! And lis
ten; hear how the telegraph wires hum
np above there!
.Second Student I hear. Let me tell
yon. tnat s the answer from my pater
familias. I telegraphed liim to send me
some money. Fliegende Blatter.
In u I!irl Store.
Prospective Purchaser-What a thought
ful looking parrot! Polly want a cracker?
The Parrot (late of Boston) I am
aware, my tiear madam, tnat there ex
ists an almost universal but erroneous
belief that all paTGts manifest a predi
lection f..r crackers. This hypothesis
would be amusing were it not for the
intimation it affords of. the pathetic
paucity of dietetic knowledge upon the
part of the masses. May I awsk if yon
are aware that there is more nutrimeut
and inspiration in a single plate of beans
than in threescore and ten crackers? A
thorough appreciation of Browning will
never follow a regimen of crackers. But
what is the matter, may I awsk? Yon
manifest considerable perturbation.
The Uread Fruit Tree.
The brea i fruir, tree is a native of the
islands of the I'aci.'ic ocean and of the In
dian archipeiac-". ani grows to a height of
from forty to fifty feet. The fruit of the
brea'l tree, which in shape and size re
sembles a in uskmelm, supplies the prin
cipal part of the food of the inhabitants of
these islands. It is attached to the small
branches of the tree by a small, thick
stalk, and hantps either singly or in clus
ters of two or three together. It contains'
a somewhat fibrous pulp, which, when
ripe, becomes juicy and yellow, but has
then a rotten taste. At an earlier stage,'
when it is gathered for use, the pulp is
white and mealy, and of a consistency re
sembling new bread.
U. S. Gov't Rfoort, Aug. 17, 1889.
This Space is Reserved for the
-BOSTON SHOE STORE, -
No. 1623 Second Avenue,
Under Rock Island House.
"Will be open in a few days.
B. P. DeGEAR,
Office and Shop Corner Seventeenth St.
and Seventh Avenue,
W Ail kites of carpenter work a srecia'.ty.
. rLiimeo an
ST. JAMES HOTEL,
Comer Twenty-third street and Fourth arenne.
J. T. RYAN, Proprietor.
This house has jastWen refi'u d !hro;:i-hout acd :s cow in A 'o. 1 cocdition. It ie aCrst-cli-e
$1.00 per day Loufe trti a (ietirabie faiLi'y hotel.
Manufacturer of all kinds of
BOOTS AND SHOES
Gents' F'.r.e Shoet a specialty. RepEiricgdoce neatly and promptly .
A fhare of yc-r patronage respectfully solicited.
1613 Second Avenue, Rock Island. I:!.
CONTRACTOR AND BUILDER,
Shop comer Twtcty-so'ord street
fSfU prepared to muie eftiiaatr-s ard do all
Cnrp frrrcT' ESTABLISHED 1851 j (SO S(
Jjeimblf ChIcag0, IM3. Clark S
Its Regular Old-EitiiaiL
PHVRirinM tun SHCPPM
Sif Is s'-if Treaty 'ih the GreaUii
OAlLiJ 0UUQU MLM
GMc, Nervous ana Private Diseases.
WNERVOUS DEEILITY, Lost Man
hood. Failing Memory, Exhausting Drains,
Temble Dreair.s. Head ar.d Eacle Ache and a:i
Iht effects ieada to early ecay and perh-p Con
sumption cr Insanity, treated scienuficaiy by new
ffielhads with never-faii;r. succ-.
S-SYPHILIS and all bad E'.ood and Skin
Disease permanent. y cured.
"KIDNEY and URINARY esrr.U:nt.
Gleet, Gonorrhoea, Stricture, Varicocele and
alt diseases of the Genito-Urmary Crpans cured
prornptrv without injury to btoisab, Kicneyc r
No experiments. Age ard exreriecce
Important. Consultation ree ar.d sacred.
""AU correspondence is sarr..-:; jir.va'e
FortyYears" Practice enables Pi. Clrre :-. G- gr
antee C'.irfs in a!l C;r.i'-e Cs!; - Errmi,
Scrofula. NvpliilN. T!l,l.lr anil K!iim li.
r.. Lrurnrrhira and r-mal- Trot:lile.'Liv-r
Complaint, (atarrii. ail Bluod. Miin and er
No matter who has failed to cure via. vrt-.t
Dr. Clarke a full history cf vour case. Kcuis
8 to S; Sun lays, 9 to 12. Call on cr aeHre's
F. D. CLARKE, M.D.,
186 So. Clark St.. CHICAGO. ILL.
Why riTMBfptoquacwbcn the best
rif!ic:il tru;:in:'-nt c.iti he had I .r reasvn
aWetice..f The l'eroChi-mlcnM'u.. pr,
ptirtd f rum the rrt-striiititir.s of Iir. Wilt.
i&ma.a pnvician'f w-rldWide repute?
1OUN6 MEN VJ!1
I-ftss of Memory. Iieswnder.rv. et..
lriia early indiscreiions or othi a'cauM; aiso
Ufnni F-iCFn UFN who Penenee a weakness
MIUULC-JiCCU MCn inadvanoeof thetrvean. Kid
ney and Bladder troubles, etc.. will find our MothyU
of Treatment s Safe, Certain and peedr CCRE.
?Clf!UII DICTIIICC Experience proTes that In.
Jim I II HI I no I ILLLtJt ternal medicines ala will
notcnreiDeaboTeallnienta. Ir. Williams,
who has (tlTen special attention to theso
diseases for many years, prescribes Semi
nal PaMiilea which act directly upon the
diseased orarana. and reeture Tlimr bettor
than Stomach Medicine ih mm . ..
chanted bytbe gastric Juice and require 30
change of dielorinterrupUoninbusiness
HOME TREATMENT SSiMk',".
ciwtiugfrcm li lwtotlS.fti, used with un-
xen utvraiwiirfr inirtr years in Or
VBr S.ViP?.T'le P",r,tc- GiTe them a trial.
SPEC Fl C N 0. 8 1 S,-' ftlMf.r.r"
UTERINE EUTROPHIC $ttlix
lail or write for Catalogue ad Information befc
THE PERU CHEMICAL CO.,
189 Wiscottsm Strut. MILWAUKEE, Wl
we ft j acknowledge
the leading remedy for
(Jonnrrhora A iet.
Ineonly fate remeiT for
I fre-struw it and feel
tafe in rtc. mmecdiiigil
r" to all si-.m-ro
A.J. fclOSEH. M. D-
. . I 'K ATl'R. lit,
sold by limbic lata.
. . T . 1 T i 1
Plant and estimates for all kind of bai:d!njr
rX K ISLAND, ILL.
and Ninth avenne.
kind of e&rpenter work. Give Uim a trial.
PREPARED ft A
FREMV MEnirDr' v&
CHEMIST f IP?
A3K YOUK GKOCER FOB IT.
The Injuria tniirjr lVra corpulency.
fcsr r tNfrnEILT
lined by the use c!l
AQuOniinsi oGit snd urn allicjl Truss
cy wiuch a trm t:r!Tt ia ?iven to tte . -t
rjbly rtiiTnL.ta-C its ure, thereby uni.roirf
asd kScrutug xiIort ai. J safety.
SEELEY'S HARD-RUBBER TRUSSES
Wul reuai the most diUicnit foiu.s of lib KM
with comfort and safety, Uerehy cotnrletina a radical
cure of all curable ca- lMieriiii" nini-iiire.
mr be ued m batlm.: acd titnna prrlrcii
form l bodv. ire worn without inconvenience i)
tha roanel child, mft delicate lady. the lr
ina man. atoldintt all or. eatv. pailtf "
leaaBlne. i-ein L1U11T. IOOU lLi-A-L.V
aadalwars reliable. ,
tr- The Carract and Pkillful Mechanical Trea-ment .-t
HERNIA OR RUPTURE A SPECIALTY.
EITHER IN PFR-ON OK BY MAIIj
) Tsaaa RmBFycrsi-rr-'-. . ""J"-."'
Ajnt, WIU,r,l I'arkrr, H It. rnmtXU, V
JTorloa. ami SargwOtHtrolt olKt V. H. "J " ' ' :
. lar " Mrcai.lcal Trtalawat et Heraii m J'.
fries Lilt." with Ultutrati.ua and directions fur
aaeaaorement. mailed on application.
i. B. .EELKY CO., t& eaath 1 Ita St., Vmil-, s"
! U Iff
1 - y