Newspaper Page Text
THIIl WEDNESDAY, JI'V 8 181)1.
THE AUG US.
Published Daily and Weekly at 1121 Second At
enue. Rock Irland, 111.
J. w. Potter,
Tuns Daily. 50c per mouth; Weekly, ga.OO
AU eommnntcstlons of a critical or arxametiia
tWe character, political or religious, man fcave
real name attached for publication No each artl
ticlea will he printed over fictitious sitroatares
AnoByinoas commaaicntioct not aoticed.
Correspondence soticltsd from erery township
IB Rock Island county.
Wednesday Jclt 8. 1891.
LEANING ON M'KINLEY.
WHY WOOLEN MANUFACTURERS
CALL FOR PROTECTION.
THsIr Neglect of Art Education The De
Inner Not Appreciated Foreign Pat
tern! Copied Why Good Are Imported.
Educated in Dependence. '
Our illustration of the evil effects of
protection is found in the slight attention
paid, by our manufacturers to the de
velopment of their industries ou the ar
tistic side. Everybody knows how large
a part patterns, designs and the manipn
lation of colors plays in rendering: many
articles salable and popular. Success in
manufacture depends npon a close study
of the tastes of the people and in devel
oping that taste. This is especially trne
in the manufacture of all kinds of pot
tery, furniture and textile fabrics, like
carpets and clothing materials.
In our country almost nothing has
Den done to train young people in the
art of designing, our manufacturers de
pending more upon a high tariff than
upon the beauty and excellence of their
products. Secure in the possession of
the home market, "the very best market
in the world," they have almost wholly
neglected the art side of manufacturing,
and they become themselves importers
of European goods for the purpose of
copying the superior designs of the for
eigner. The American Wool Reporter, a prom
inent protectionist trade journal entirely
friendly to our manufacturers, com
plains that "in no other direction is the
manufacturer of woolens, men's wear
and dress goods so sadly deficient as in
giving suitable and original style to his
goods. It is frequently remarked that
the market shows a range of patterns
and colorings common to nearly all the
various makes; that the buyer in look
ing through the samples of two" or three
agents has had placed before him the
full range of styles in the market. There
is considerable truth in this, and this
condition will continue to exist nntil the
manufacturer becomes an originator in
lieu of being an imitator; when lie relies
upon his own brains instead of upon the
brains of foreign makers to furnish him
designs, then will the industry take a
Btep forward and competition become
The same journal points out that "the
designer in our mills, except in isolated
instances, has practically no place as
such; his functions are merely those
which call for no effort of the mind, or
of artistic sense." This condemnation is
pronounced npon the entire range of
textile manufacturing the carpet indus
try, silk weaving, men's and women's
woolen goods, cotton prints, etc.
These words of The Reporter calledont
a letter from a designer in a Philadelphia
mill, in which he gave a case illustrat
ing the slight regard in which the artis
tic and accomplished designer is held by
our manufacturers. A great Philadel
phia manufacturer wanted "a first class
designer, one who thoroughly under
stood his business." Such a designer
was brought to him, one who is well
known both in this country and in
Europe as being one of most excellent
taste, having just filled an engagement
that paid him $3,000 a year. The great
manufacturer, anxious "to secure the
cream of the market, had the audacity
to offer him $15 per week, and besides
that he wanted him to do a certain
amount of menial wort."
Such a fact as this goes far toward ex
plaining the large importation of the
higher classes of wearing fabrics from
Europe. The manufacturers and their
protectionist backers claim that this was
because the duties were not high enongh
and hence the McKinley law with its
enormous-duties on woolen goods.
The importation of foreign woolen
goods for clothing is caused much more
largely by their superior artistic designs
than by a lack of protection high enough
to prohibit. In all the great manufac
turing nations of Europe trade schools
are found in which art designing, har
mony of colors, construction of fabrics,
etc., are patiently and laboriously
taught. Museums of industrial art are
also formed, and from these institutions
young men are turned out who are much
more formidable competitors of Amer
ican manufacturers than the so called
pauper labor of Europe.
These European schools and mnseums
are largely sustained by the manufac
turers who are to profit by their work.
In America, oa the other hand, manu
facturers have done next to nothing in
this line. Schooled so long by the Pro
tectionists in the notion that they have
a first mortgage upon the sacred home
market, they feel themselves secure in
its possession; and when European com
petition becomes keen by reason of su
perior taste in designs and skill in work
manship, they run to an all too willing
congress with cries for higher and higher
duties. They neglect to establish and
support schools of industrial art, and
lean on the great and only McKinley.
A. small trade school, however, was
established in Philadelphia several years
ago; yet the complaint is heard that
"Philadelphian manufacturers are no
ticeably indifferent respecting its suc
cess." The Ladies Delighted.
The pleasant effect and the perfect
safety with which ladies may use he
liquid fruit laxative. Syrup of Figs, under
all conditions make it their favorite
remedy It is pleasing to the eye and to
the taste, gentle, yet effectual in acting
on the kidneys, liver and bowels;
SHADOWS ON THE. WALL.
An Amasisg Recreation for Home En
tertainment Illustrated and Described.
In the method of producing shadows on
the wall here depicted, the exhibitor, as
well as the cardboard figures, are placed be
hind the spectators, a position which has
FIGURE PROJECTED IX SHADOW OH THE
Place on the table a lighted candle, and
in front of it, at two or three feet distance,
nttach to the wall a sheet of white paper to
form your "screen." Between the light
and the screen interpose some opaque body,
for example, an atlas or other large book.
Bnt nnder such conditions how are we
to cast the shadows on the screen? Sim
ply by the use of a mirror, placed at the
side of the table. The reflection of the
mirror will appear on the wall as a lu
minous space, oval or oblong, as the case
may be, and if you have placed it at a
proper angle with reference to the screen,
and move your cardboard shapes about
cleverly between the candle and the mir
ror, you will forthwith see little fantastic
figures projected in shadow on the screen.
The uninitiated spectator is wholly at a
loss to discover how you produce them.
How to Make Strong Castings.
According to The Commercial Bulletin
some of the English iron founders have
adopted a 6imple practice in making
stronger castings. The method is merely
the introduction of thin sheets of wrought
iron in the center of the mold before cast
ing. This idea was first applied to the
casting" of thin plates for the ovens of
cooking stoves, and a sheet of thin iron in
the center of a J-inch oven plate renders
it practically nnbreakable by fire. Recent
ly the process 1ms been applied to the cast
ing of large iron pipes, a core of sheet iron
imparting additional strength and lessen
ing the liability to fracture. As an evi
flcnce of nn additional strength that may
be imparted by this process it is stated that
a plate of iron one-frrarth of an inch thick,
cast with a perforated sheet of 27 wire
gange wrought iron in the center, possess
es six times the strength of a similar cast
plate with no core.- The '-inch plate thus
made has the strength of a plate oue inch
An Ingenious Automatic DeTlce.
A recent invention of considerable inter
est is described by Fire and Water. It is a
devico for automatically shutting off the
gas when it has been blown out, instead of
being turned off in the usual way. The
principle upon which the invention is based
is the expansion and contraction of a me
tallic loop made of German silver and
steel, and which is adjusted very close to
the gas flame. One end of the loop is free,
while the other is secured to the fixture,
A valve controlling the gas is attached to
the free end; and when the gas is burning
the valve 19 open and the gas freely es
capes. If, however, the gas is blown out,
the loop will quickly cool and contract,
and the valve will shut off the gas. It is
said that the device is exceedingly simple
and it responds quickly to the change in
Testing the Hardness of Iron.
The Industrial World mentions a meth
od for test ing the hardness of iron while
in the process of manufacture which has
been devised by Mr. C. A Casperson, of
the Forsbacka iron works in Sweden. The
inventor, it is said, conducts a current of
electricity through a test piece of iron
or steel, letting it melt the same, upon
which the strength of the current necessi
tated in the operation is compared with
the Strength of current required for the
fusion of a standard piece of metal of de
termined degree of hardness, and of the
same diameter as the piece to be tested.
The hardest piece will resist longest, but
melt if the current be maintained suffi
ciently. By the aid of nn ampere meter
metals of varying hardness may be tabu
lated, so as to furnish a scale, it is said, of
That Peculiar Metal. Sodium.
To preserve sodium it is necessary to
protect it from the action of the atmos
phere, and to keep it in a bottle containing
oil of naptha. Sodium is soft, and it is
possible with a
pair of scissors to
cut it like a ball
of soft bread that
has been kneaded
in the hand. It
is lighter than
water, and when
nlaccd in a basin - :
of water floats ou -'fifZSFj
tne top Lite a
piece of cork, only
it is disturbed co.MDCETiox or sodium
and t akes the IN water
form of a small brilliant sphere. Great ef
fervescence is also produced as it floats
along, for it reduces the water to a com
mon temperature by its contact. Ey de
grees the small metallic ball disappears
from view after blazing into flame, as
shown in the cut.
This remarkable experiment is very easy
to carry ont, and sodium is now easily pro
cured at any shop where chemicals are
sold. The combustion of sodium in water
can be explained in a very simple manner.
Water, as we know, is composed of hydro
gen and oxygen. Sodium, by reason of its
great affinity for the latter gas, combines
with it and forms a very soluble oxide.
The hydrogen is released and thrown off,
as we shall perceive by placing a lighted
match -in the jar, when the combustible
Oxide of sodium has a great affinity for
water. It combines with it, and absorbs
it in great quantities. It is a solid, white
substance, which burns and cauterizes the
skin. It is also alkaline, and brings back
the blue color to litmus paper that has
been reddened by acids. Sodium combines
easily also with chlorine. If plunged into
a jar containing this gas it is transformed
into a substance which is sea salt. We
know that caustic soda, or oxide of sodium,
is an alkaline product possessing very pow
erful properties; it burns the skin and de
stroys organic substances.
Averting; a Tragedy.
So far as a casual observer could see,
the crowd ceiling over on a IMboken
ferryboat the ether afternoon was sober
and good nttured, and many ' were,
therefore, surprised fx bear a man sud
denly call out :
"Sir, you have insulted me, and I'll
knock your h'-ad off!"
The speak r was a big man, with
bushy hair and a fat face, and he had a
cataract in hi i left eye. The man shout
ed at was ra, her undersized and hum
"Yes, sir, 111 knock your head off!"
continued the big man, as ho flourished
his fists about.
"How did I insult yon?" demanded the
"You have kept your eyes on me ever
since Igot on the boat! It's my misfor
tune to have a bad eye, but I don't want
to be stared at as if I were a gorilla!"
"Who stared at you?"
"Yon have, and if it wasn't for raising
a row in public I'd make your heels
"I never evon saw you!" retorted the
little man, growing very spunky all at
"What! W isn't I sitting right here,
and you over there, and didn't you have
your eyes on me all the time?"
"No, sir! I was reading that sign to
the left of you head!''
"Don't talk so"
"Hold on!" interrupted a passenger
who had pushe d himself forward. "It's
just as the little man says, and there's no
occasion for hard feelings. Gentlemen,
the little man is cross eyed! Between
the big man bting blind in one eye and
the little man being cross eyed, they
got things mi ted, and ought to 6hake
hands and De friends."
"If I'm wrong I beg your pardon,"
said the big mi. n.
"You jumped on me with both feet,
but it was throagh mistake, and I don't
hold no grudge." replied the little man.
Then they shook hands, the crowd
gave them a c jeer, and everybody said
it was always the btst way to be sure
you're right b 'fore going ahead. M.
Quad in New York World.
Wanted It llimelf.
It was an evening school in Provi
dence. There w is a class of restless, dirty
newsboys and bootblacks on the front
seat, trying to see how little thoy could
study and how much they could annoy
the teacher. Finally the teacher called
up the class and put them through the
catechism on United States history.
"Who discovf red America?"'
Nobody seen ed to know, and the
teacher, a long suffering student from
the university, last his patience. Shut
ting his book with a bang, he dismissed
the class with these sarcastic remarks:
"Well, when 'lie of yon boys get to
the point where he needs to have some
one vote for him as governor or presi
dent, lie will 1m- ashamed to think he
do"sn't know who discovered America!"
One of the wickedest looking of the
boys raised his grimy paw.
"Well, Torn, v.-hat is it?"
"I know who discovered America."
"Why didn't you tell, then?" asked the
"Cos I didn't vaut to tell all I know,"
said Tom, while the class went off into a
roar. The teacher called up the ad
vanced class in s.ielling, and there was a
smile on his face the rest of the evening.
Another Accomplishment Altogether.
An officer who was going ashore from
the United States steamship Albatross
agajnst a high wind, noticing that the
gig made little progress, turned to his
colored servant and asked him if lie
could row. The b y replied that he could
"What!" exclaimed his master; "you
have been on board ship a year and can't
" Deed, sah, rse nevali ro'ed
"Then it's time you learned! Pick up
those oars and try to row, at least."
A light broke ever the darky's face,
and as he scrambl ?d over the seats to his
place he chuckled : "Ef dis is what yo'
mean, ob co'se I kin row. I was reckon
in' as yo' meant fo' me to ro' like a lion."
Harper's Magaz ne.
The Right Kind.
"Sopgins is engf.ged to Maude Pottle
ton. I am glad of it, too, because I
think she is the kind of girl to help a
"She i, indeed. They say he never
would have proposed if she hadn't helped
him over the hard part of it." Harper's
Travers Look here, old fellow, my
Bister is going away for the summer, and
I've got to borrow enough money to get
her a blazer. Whut would you do?
Dashaway Why not borrow the
money from her? Cloak Review.
Nuttiral to Suppose.
Teacher (after re tiling the piece aloud)
Now, then, Harry, can you tell me
why Ben Adhem's name led all the rest?
Harry Yes, ma'iim. The list was al
phabetically arrang ed. Harper's Bazar.
Science versos Nature.
"Do you go in for scientific farming?"
"No," returned the farmer. "I can't
afford to pay seven dollars a pod for
pease and three do lars apiece for pota
toes. I farm by th natural method and
come ont ahead. Harper's Bazar. - -
Highest of all in Leavening Power.
Come in everybody and call on us whether you
wish to buy or not; we will treat you right. Come
see our goods and compare prices. We are satisfied
we can suit you. . We carry no trash, only first-class,
strictly reliable goods, which we guarantee. We buy
our goods direct from the factory for spot cash, and
will GUARANTEE our prices as low as the lowest.
BOSTON SHOE STORE,
1623 Second Ave., Rock Island.
All Goods Marked in Plain Figures. Strictly One Price.
Provide in Life for Your Future Dependent
The undersigned will be in Rock Island
7th to 15th inst. for the purpose of or
ganizing a camp, "Modern Woodmen of
America," a fraternal benefit association
affording the cheapest and best life in
The cost for membership will ha from
?G to $7 including the adoption, local aad
bead physician's medical ex4mirntion
fees and the advanced artessraeDt. paying
the insurance until eptcrr-litr 1, 1S91, as
well as the fee for charter ami cost of
Call at the office of Davi.1 Ilawes, E-q .
Buford's block', !bj or evening during
the time named. C. W. Hawks,
Special Deputy Head Consul. M. VV. A.
For Uver Fifty Yeari
Mrs. Wins'o-'s Soothing tyrup has
been used by miilims of mothers for
their children while teething. If dis
burbed at night and trofeen of your res
by a sick chi'.d suffering and crying with
pain of cutting teeth send at once and get
a bottle of "Mrs. Wirs'.ow's Soothing
Syrup" fr.r childrtc teething. It will re
lieve the poor little sntTcrer immediately.
Depend upon it, mothers, thereisno mis
take About it. It cures diarrhoea, regu
lates the stomach and bowtls, cures wind
colic, softens the gums, reduce inflamma
tion and tives tone and energy to the
whole system, "Mrs Window's Soothing
Syrup" for children teething is pleasant
to the taste and is ihe prescription of one
of the oldest and best female physicians
and nurses in 'he United Stiles. Sold by
! all druggist tbrMiV.nt tfce world. Price
twenty-five cents bottle. Be sure and
ask for "Mrs. Witslow'sSoothirg Syrup.
A Bal BiHaru is Kemp's BUiam
The dictionary 4ya. "a ba'snm is a
thick, pure, rr:in-t:ic: en balance flowing
from trees." Kemp's Buls-tra fcr the
throat and lungs is the oulv cough medi
cine that is h re.l hn'.-aci. Ma y thin,
watery cough rtfr.eii s ere called bs!s-.rn's
bnt such are mt Look 'brougb a bottle
of Kerop'9 Balaam iud notice what a pure,
thick prepurntion it is. If you cougo
use Kemp's In','na At it! drucg:Ms'.
Large bottles 5! c kd ' !??
For the r.nnunl mn-iit; f th Young
People's tccietv of Chnstinn Endeavor,
which is to L he! 1 :, ViinueHptili on
July 9 to 12. the Uiirlir.iitf.n, Ce.Jiir
Rapids & xTorshcm rnilway iil m-d;- a
rate of one fre for tl-. rucd trip. For
dates of ssle, foim of tirfce's. rve of
fare. ard full par:ic,i'iir. ciil oj, or d
drcfs ny 'k ket eg-nt. f :bu com-nry.
J. E Hannegtn. Gui'i Tk't (5cPis Ait.
It U)e pi.rruii i iut uoufl ttillik'f "f
this world we anticipato toorauca. we
eat oat the heart Ed sweetness of wor'd
lypleaBures by delightful forethought of
them. The results obtained from the use
of Dr. Joaes' Red Clover Tonic far exceed
a'.l claims. It cures dyspepsia, and ad
stomach, liver, kidney and bladder
troubles. It is a perfect tonic, appetizer,
blood purifier, a sure cure for ague and
malarial disesses. Price, 50 cents, cf
Albert Erwin, editor of the Leonard,
Texas, Graphic, says: "For the cure of
cramps in the stomach Chamberlain's
Colic, Cholera and Diarrhoea Remedy is
the best and most BDeedy I ever used."
Many others who have tried it entertain
the same opinion. For tale by Hartz &
Pozzoni's Complexion Powder pro.
duceB a soft and beautiful skin; it com
bines every element of beauty and purity
U. S. Gov?t Report, Aug. 17, 1889.
sls Now Opcr.fe-
Crir-n Cvr-'eU ESTABLISHED 1851 j 8J St
uuivvuiuj.r ChicpX0 S!s, , Clark S
133 KUlar Uld-iL:izaCL
nrj'icip.M nun c;r:rcry
tri !'.; mu ouaui.w.i
-r.. :h ricSr.-r.tnt
ATJ&' UOJ1:2j Li. .i
aS-iTERVCUS ETETLlTY. Lce Kan.
hood, Fciiir.j MtM. ::-. Hyt"BULt.r Drriir.s.
Terrible Drca:r.3. X--...; ...r:i Li:k y.cli':
Cccac :. r. . .y .!-.;fv.i:..i S!;..,p.Ccil'
rcmption or la r.r.:ty.:. :-c.-ri.!.c.ily lyr.cv.
m?lho.!s with nev?r.f..t..:.; :c '.
'SYFH1LIS .i .; tad S'.oci
Eisease perm-ir.rr.t.y c .:ria.
Gleet, Gonorrhoea, Str.cur, V,
ail diseases cf the Ccmtc.-l'r ::ar
promptly .r;:ciit i.-.jury
iTNo experiments. Ae and experience
important. Consultation free anil cacrcd.
iiiAU cr-rrrsponderic is fnctdiv private
Forty Years' Practice na'. 1c s Tr. CUtU icGr.it
nnlee Cure in nil Oiir.-ih'e Casrc ni Eczema,
Scrofula. Sy;ihii;. 1 : 1 1 1 1 r an'! Ki'lnrr IiK.
ease, l.rnrorrlta'a ami 5Vrr::;! Trt.nlilrw.'I.iTrr
(unip'aint. (utarrli, all UIooJ. '.-.in anil Nit-
No matter who .as f : iled to cure yoa. write
Dr. Clarke a full history of your casr. Houis.
S to S; Sundavs, 9 :o 12. CaU cn or address
F. D. CLARKE, rVJ.D.,
186 So. Clark St.. CKfCACO. ILL.
We have selected find nre row exHibiting In our
Largest and Most Complete Stock of
to be found under one reef
Over FOUR HUNDRED '4-OC)
new l'mnos, unbracing the Finest Instruments
made by tbe
Jartoripo. ccy b In thi? stocb. while cr.r orices
re the lowest onerHl by any bouse in tbebuslnes?.
IT WILL PAY lor to visit CbicacD at r.n
early dn'.e ami inspect our stock."
If y.io arc- r.r t prepared to pay all cash now wo
w;, iuaj;e tbe terms us easy lis you can reasonably
Pull inform.-.! !n a." to rprrlut bargains end iprcicl
.1. .... .M.msuru m i-ur regpocuenis. AaaTCSJ ,
rr.t- Yr r'NTIKT.1.7
l.tvtd by tbe uue c:
ttcctrin? i Beit ui 'utiieai Tru
t? -which firm Frr-ort is clvn to the abdnsaea, inrfc
nably dimiiiit'iuiiir itp r:ro, thereby imp roving tiio Ipnn
SEELEY'S KftRD-RUBSER TRUSSES
Will retain tbe Dost diibcult forms of II tUSlAor
with comfort and safety, thereby completing- rnttical
rurr of all curaltle cases. Impervious to moiHture.
may be ued in batbicit: and tiltiuif prrleetly t
lorm of IkmIv. are wrorn without inconvemencs by
lbs yoorutest child. Hint dehcata lady, or the labnr
inr man, HVoidinK all xour. nwratv. padded mi
lleuantne. tin( L1UHT. ttlOU CLtA.N
l.Y and always reliable.
trita Correct and Skiltftrl Mechanical Treatment of
HERNIA OR RUPTURE A SPECIALTY.
FITIIFK IN PKUSON OU BV MAII-.
So Tears Refi:bfjces:-W. .f. .. H.ttn
Amrte, WtllarJ farlrr. It". IT. VnofW-. lr. Thamm (r.
MortOH, and Hurgeom-Utnera't of tht C. S.Armi) ! t-ary.
Osr Meckankst Trsitsisst of "f!s or Rsstsre. sas
Pries ttt." with illastntifos and directions tor seil
measareixient. mailed on appbcation.
L B. lEtLE Y ti CO, ta (raatk 1 Itfc "t., Pblbv, Pa.
.ay a tomi oa
d o t GEO. P.
BcBtiO (10 6prnoa
f treet), srkere udTer
t sic contracts tnay
ll S, Mis lu U i
Tfc-MTjlr.r; :in"ifpfTrm oorpuiincr. Dk C
'Xe im ,.t .Li:.ivr: cr Trues i
0 ihe &mmmi
"3(j Why pay hie foes to quacks w6er.tli'-b.-
grM medical treatment an te fcr.ii li r . -.i. -j.
5ijP ablepricesof Tbe l'erat'beuibTt!)'.... t-o.
Pared frum the pruierii't: vis i.t iir.,
imj6'!'i'(,ii'fi ttZV 'offeriti.t inn, -
M.T.: rr. It
Irii-u v'.ulv ic't
n: T ilf.'T -.'at
'f Trcntni'!'t a ?i It;, r
V' tri -I;;-'.
I h -1 : i Mo:::: f-h Mnit?n'r. r
1 i i.L.-; I Iti L I 1-..-
CprpITfA If 01 f:.rllir?K:ti-CTitf:r.ilBlai.-rr.ir
vriU;J til IK.iGl rof.:sr cist-r in .r.. to t"'.:r i.n-.
C. it ir. ft 1 1 o ra . A i r
THE PCRU CKEM.'Cfll CO.,
1 39 Wisconsin Smrr; MUfcAUKEE, W'
-ALL KINDS OF-
Cast Iron Work
done. A specially of fnrnisb'EC alk:s.t
of Stoves w-th Cestirpe at S cents
A MACHINE SHOP
been added where all kinds o
wotk will be dene first-clues.
NINTH ST. AND 7th AVE
DOWNING BROS.. Proots.
BEST AND CHEAPEST
tThe only Paint Douse iD tbe city.
. R. M. WALL.
1C12 Third Avci.iie
Jolm Volk Sc Co..
Sash, Doors. Blinds. Siding, Floorinc.
and all kinds of wood work for builders.
Eighteenth St.. bet. Third and Fonrtb ares.
' ROCK ISLAM'
HENRY 0. SOHAFFER,
SOFT AND HARD
Office 143 Second avenue, corner Fifteenth s t.
Telephone No. 10S8.
Cail or for ctrruiar coa:aiti.rJ
tn-i rii it marvf (mis ?urea oi Cou.-un.;
ion, L oiter, Jtri' bisrasc. hcr''j
itrrh. l-ancr. Stiucti Troubi- --
y urn "3
Ct., tor. Xrbr iUm 6crrlt. U it AbU-