Newspaper Page Text
YIUS AltGUb. WEDNESDAY, JUliY 8-1891.
DEAD IN A FLASH.
Th? Efficiency of Electrothan
XCO CRIMINALS HJSTANTLY SLAEJ
Wonm, Smiler, Wood and Joieo Fay
the Penalty of Traaftjrression with Theii
Urra in the KlectrlosJ Death Chair
The Nffptrlfn Hare to Draw Con
clusions from What They Can See Ont
side the Prison, and Get It About Right
The Witnesses, Pledged to Secrecy,
Refuse to Talk. Except to Say the Exe
cution Vi a Macros.
Siso Sl5G, X. Y.. July 9 For the seo
nd time in history the lightning has been
called npon to rid the earth of trangres.ors
lot the law. Between 4 and 7 a. m. yester
day James J. Slocum; Harris A. Sniiler,
Joseph Wood, and Sthihick Jupigot Japan
ese) were executed inside the prison wnlls
toy electrothsna-sia, and the testimony of
the professional witnesses, as far as they
could be induced to talk, is the same ns it
was in the case of Kemmler that death
was instantaneous. Some improvements
had been made ia the apparatus, and it
worked smoother than in the case of
Kemmler, and in every case the condemned
man was dead as sooua&thecurreut struck
him. As each man was announced dead
by the jury provided by law, a flag whs
hoisted on the prison, to announce the fact
to those outside, most of whom were re
porters. Order of the Executions.
The first flag displayed was white, at
4:47 about five minutes after the death
of the victim and signified the death of
Slocum. The next was blue and meant
that Smiler had paid the penalty; the next
was black, and Wood had received t he death
shock, and the next was revindicating the
execution of Jugigo. This was the only
indication the reporters had of the execu
tion of the men. The last fl;g went up at
6:06. At a telegraph instrument close by
the prison walls sat an operator, and as
the flags went up he flashed the news to
the four quarters of the world, while tle
specials filled up the reports with the con
clusions they had arrived at from watch
ing the bare walls of the prison.
The Execntion a Success.
The executions have very likely settled
the future of electricity as an agent of
death under the law, since they Were suc
cessful, and from all accounts attended
by none of the alleged horrors which char
acterized the legal killing of Kemmler.
The men met death bravely, and as far as
can be nsoertained with the limited means
at the disposal of the newspaper men. noth
ing occurred to revive the dissatisfaction
expressed after Kemmler's execution with
this newest means of enforcing the death
penalty. The voltage used was from 1.4mj
to 1,500, and in each case there was that re
flex action to which was due in great meas
ure the ghastly reports sent out with ref
erence to Kemmlers execution, but it
was entirely mnscBlar, and was not the
result of any suffering on the part of the
executed men. They died instantly, at
the moment of contact. They also died
bravely. It was really with them a relief
from the agony of doubt in which they
had lived for months whilctheir attorneys
were trying to save their lives.
H aire's East Vain Effort.
When ilaire left the prison Monday
night he knew that his last effort to save
Wood's life was futile. Attorney (General
Elogon was with the warden and he de
cided the legal questions involved. Haire
based his application for a stay on the
ground that when a haleas corpus writ
had been applied for it acted ns a stay
whether granted or not. But Hogan de
cided that in this case there was nothing
to base a writ upon: that it was threshing
old straw, and that the executions could
go on. After the departure of Ilaire the
newspaper men put in the time watching
the prison for "signs." The first sign was
the extinguishment of the electric lights
half an hour earlier than usual. This was
interpreted as a sure sign that the execu
tions would take place soon, liecause it
was held that the whole force of the dyna
mos was needed to kill the men.
The Second Indication.
Xext was heard the grinding of coffee in
the prison kitchen, that meant, said the re
porters, that an early breakfast was to be
taken by witnesses, officials, and prison
ers, and was confirmation of the former
conclusion. Then the smoke stack of the
engine house began to vomit black clouds
of smoke: the engineer was firing up, and
shortly thereafter the whirr of the dyna
mos was heard. This was conclusive, and
the next thing was to watch for the flags.
And they appeared as told above, each
bearing the story of the fate of one of the
prisoners, which story was elaborated and
enlarged upon by the busy fingers of the
Dewspaper scrites and put on the wires
as rapidly as possible.
ALL PLEDGED TO SECRECY.
The Witnesses Will Say Nothing Except
That Electricity Is a Success.
Half an hour before the time fixed for
the executions to begin, the witnesses were
informed by Warden Brown, and of each
was required a pledge that he would not
say anj thing of what he saw to anybody
outside. In other words they were pledged
to the strictest secrecy about the whole
affair. The law made this necessary, as it
is constructed upon the theory that long
and graphic descriptions of such scenes
the kind that the newspaper man revels in
are demoralizing. For this reason the
press was given quarters outside, and not
even permitted to approach the wulls of
of the prison. Filled with the desire to
print the news they did the best they
could, and in doing so defied the luw,
which prohibits such publications.
Names of the Witnesses.
The witnesses of the exicution so for as
Known were: Dr. Carlos F. McDonald,
of the state lunacy commission; Dr. Frank
lin Townsend and Dr. Samuel B. Ward,
of Albany; Charles Durston, warden of
the Auburn prison; George Frauch, an at -I
torney from Albany; Dr. C. E. Daniels
and Dr. Southwick, of Buffalo; John W.
Hogan, deputy attorney general of the
gtate; Dr. Wilson, of Newburg; Dr. A. W.
Rockwell, of New York; Professor Laudy,
of Columbia college, and George Edgar
Oliver, of Albany, a friend of Governor
Hill. These witnesses and one or two oth
ers, whose names are not known, signed
the certificates of death which Warden
Brown is to file with the county clerk
within ten days. Warden Durston left
Sing Sing on the 3:30 p. m. train for New
Applying the-Pres Pump.
From these men i'was the purpose of
the reporters to obtain a detailed account
of the ghastly scene if they could. Their
J success is given below. The correspond-
I ent of the United Press suggested to the
Auburn warden that the experience! of
yesterday would put the Kemmler execu
tion in a new light. "I always have
claimed that the .Kemmler execution for a
first attempt was a success," said the
warden. Further than that he would say
nothing on the subject of execution.
Deputy Attorney General Hogan was
followed into Sing Sing village by the
Vnived Press reporter. He refused to talk
about, the execution. All that he would
say was that it was a success.
Went Off Wlthont a Flaw.
Two of the witnesses who refused to give
their names said: "All the execcutions
were completely successful and without
flaw. None of the men struggled or re
sisted when placed in the chair. Instead
of doing so, they assisted the deputy war
den in arranging the straps as Kemmler
did at Auburn. The Jap Sugigo, who it
was thought would be hard to handle, was
perfectly docile. All of the men were
killed on the first contact." The positive
electrode was applied, as in the Kemmler
case, to the top of the head, and the nep
tive to the leg, and it is reported that each
man's eg was scorched by the current.
The Chaplain Convinced.
Rev. Mr. Law, chaplain of the Tombs,
said: ''I was fully covinced that the kill
ing of murderers by electricity was a
failure, but I am now convinced to the
contrary. Every one of the men went to
the chair calmly and died easily and with
out pain or contortion. Death was in
stantaneous. I am bound to secrecy and
can ssy no more." It is said that the war
den read the death warrants to the con
demned men Monday night shortly before
midnight in the presence of some of his
witnesses. They were certainly not read
in the cells or in the death chamber.
The Autopsies All Performed.
The autopsies, contrary to expectations,
were performed by 4 o'clock, and the corps
of physicians left the station a short time
after that for New Vork and Albany. Dr.
McDonald, who conducted the execution
and autopsy, was asked for a statement.
He declined to give any information, say
ing that the results wonld be given out
in Albany from official sources. Asked to
deny the statement that the men did not
die instantly, he said: -I have nothing to
say as to that. Unconsciousness was im
mediate, and the men suffered no pain.
Made no resistance at all."
Would Neither Affirm Nor Deny.
'Do you deny that they were burned?"'
was asked. -I decline to be interviewed
on that point.-
Dr. Ward was asked: 'Did the first
shock kill the men?" and said: -I do not
care to answer that. I think the execu
Dr. McDonald was asked how many
volts were used, and declined to answer.
All the witnesses have gone, and the
prison hns returned to its natural state.
Wnrden Brown says that all information
will lie given out .it the office of the super
intendent of prisons in Albany.
Another Man Who Will Not Talk.
New Yokk, July S Dr. Alphonson D.
Rockwell was seen by a United Press re
porter at his residence, 113 West Thirty
fourth street, after his return from Sing
Sing, where he had witnessed the execu
tions as an expert. He declined to give
any information except that everything
passed off satisfactorily in all respects.
He had given a pledge of secrecy and was
debarred from describing the events in
detail. When asked if it were true, as
published in some papers, that Jugigo re
sisted the officers, he replied: No; there
was no struggle."
WHAT THEY WERE KiLLED FOR.
Each Man was lied Handed, and Two
of the Victims Were Women.
Jame J. Slocum, who was the first of
the men to be struck by lightning yester
day, was that most detestable of criminals,
a wife murderer. He had lieen a base ball
player and married a handsome young
woman, whom he led by his own habits
into a life of dissipation. He frequently
beat his wife, having stabbed her three
times, of which she made no complaint to
the police. He had just been released
from prison where he had been sent for
larceny, when he killed his wife. On the
evening of December 31. 189, he found
her when he returned home in the rooms
of John Williams, a bachelor living on
the same floor, where she had gone to bor
row kerosene. He ordered her to her
room and slammed the door. Neighbors
heard the sound of blows as well as the
woman's cries for mercy. None of them,
however, came to her relief or were curi
ous enough to ascertain the natVe of her
injuries, and it was not until two days
later that her body was found with her
head cut apd smashed with an ax.
A Murderous Salvationist.
Harris A. Smiler was another wife mur
derer, and also a bigamist, having deserted
the last of two wives to marry Maggie
Draiuey. He was a member of the Salva
tion army, but this did not prevent him
from cruelly beating his wife, until finally
she left him. He then obtained a pistol,
and went to hunt her. After several days'
search he found her living with a Mrs.
Wilson, and shot her dead without warn
ing. This occurred April 3,
Joseph Wood was a negro laborer, who
quarrelled with a tough named Charlefc
Kuflin in a saloon, in 1S90 Ruffin threat
ened to have Wood's life during the quar
rel. Later they met in a saloon and Ruffin
spoke to Wood, who refused to have any
thing todo with him. Another row fol
lowed, during which Wood shot Kuflin
The Crime of the Jap.
Schihick Jugigo killed a fellow Japanese
sailor named Mura. Commi Dec. 3, l'J.
Jugigo conceived enmity to Commi be
cause the latter had a ship while Jugigo
could not get one. and nsked Commi to
give him the berth, as he (Jugigo) was
married while Commi was not. They
quarreled when Commi refused, and Jug
igo went on his countryman's trail armed
with a big knife. When he met Commi
he proceeded at once to business and
plunged the knife repeatedly into his
The counsel for these men exhausted ev
iry resource known to criminal lawyers to
lave their lives. The cases were taken to
rvery court where an appeal could be
made, even to the suptema court of the
United States, but all appeals failed, and
the end of the cases was reached yesterday
at Sing Sing prison as narrated in the dis
patches. Order Closing; Lobster Factories.
St. Johxs, Nd , July 8. The com
mander of the British naval officers in the
Newfoundland waters has issued an or
der closing fifty-eight lobster factories
along the French coasts, which it is al
leged are running in violation of the
modus vivendi. Over 1,000 fishermen and
others are thrown out of employment.
Much indignation prevails and if the sea
son passes without a collision it will be
DEATH OF A HEH0.
How the Glorious Fourth Ended
for Charlie Todd.
HIS LUT SACRIFICED TOE OTHERS.
The Dastard Train-Wrecker Responsible,
for the Tragedy That Deprived the
World of One of Its Humble, Heroes
Hi Last Thought for Those in His
Charge Death Defied in the Line ol
Doty Wl en Life Was Within Beach.
Chicago, July a Officials at the Chi
cago, Milwaukee and St: Paul headquar
ters are quietly investigating one of the
most villainous attempts to wreck an ex
cursion train that has been known in
years. One man is now in custody at Lan
sing, la., ai d the officials ore on the track
of his three confederates. The McGregor
passenger t -ain, bound for La Crosse with
several car heavily loaded with passen
gers July 4, when, near Lansing, la.
struck an obstruction placed upon a rail,
and the engine was hurled over the bank
into the Mississippi. Fortunately the
cars remained on the rails. An old In
dian who wis camped near by gave con
siderable information to the officials about
the four suspicious characters be saw
hanging about the place.
Hetoism of Charlie Todd.
I ,One of the railway officials gives the fol
lowing accoint of the heroism displayed
bythe engineer of the train, and which
cost him his life: '"Some miscreant fas
tened a large iron nut to the outward
curve rail of the stretch of track near Lan
sing, If-, and the train hauled by No, 407,
with Charlie Todd, one of the best known
and best-likt d engineers on the Dubuque
division of tae St. Paul road, in the cab,
ran into the obstruction. He was a faith
ful employe, ready to stick to his post to
the last, '1 ue nut had been wired to the
rail, evident:y by those intent upon wreck
ing the train, for the nut was placed on
the outer rail, where the wheel flange
Fatally True to His Trnst.
'Of couise. when the engine was elevated
by the iron cut the flange was allowed to
slip over, and the engine started down the
embankment into the Mississippi. Todd's
fireman rjuu ped. and was saved. Todd
felt his engite going, but he remained to
set the air brikt3, shut off steam, and open
the sand vahes, to make the wheels hold,
so that the cj rs might stay on the rails.
He could eas ly have jumped through the
cab window, as he was one of the most ag
ile of men, ttinking nothing of vaulting
a height that would stickle a professional.
A Glorious Fourth for Him.
''Those in tiie cars knew there had beea
a wreck from the jolt, but the train re
mained on the track. Todd was extricated
from the ruin of his engine, that he had
run 14 ) miles every day tor years, his once
remarkably handsome face badly scalded,
au.l his form writhing in agony. His
first question was, 'Are any "of the
passengers tun:-' Upon receiving the
negative aiisaer from the passengers
who crowded Vbout him. Todd smiled as
he looked around and said: "Well, this is
a glorious Fourth we are having, isnt it?
I'm afraid I had too many fireworks.'
Todd died shortly afterward, but not be
fore he asked hat a big roll of bank bills
be taken from his clothes and sent to his
parents in M idison. Wis. The company
is doing everthing in its power to run
down the mis reants."
MOUNT VESUVIUS VERY ACTIVE.
Villagers Leaving Their Homes and Ex
pecting a Historic Eruption.
NArLEs, Jul? 8. The eruption of Ve
suvius is increasing. A strong earthquake
shock was felt Monday evening at Froso
lone, province of Campobasso. The vil
lagers in the slope of Mount Vesuvius are
abandoning taeir homes and their vine
yards, fearing that one of the greatest
eruptions in t he history of the mountain
is impending-. The earthquake shocks
that have al'vays preceded destructive
outbursts of the volcano in the
past have been felt in several parts of
Italy, and of late in close proximity to the
mountain. Tl e authorities of Naples are
keeping a close watch for signs of increas
ing danger, and visitors have been warned
not to approach too near the crater and to
avoid the path of the lava.
Guides lit sponsible for Tourists.
Since the death of a Brazilian journal
ist a few days t go, by falling into the cra
ter, several travelers have shown a morbid
desire to gaze into the pit of molten
lava in which the unfortunate
man disappeared. In such cases, should
another fatal accident occur, the gifide,
the prefect of police has stated, will be
prosecuted. It rs the opinion of Italian
scientists that the earthquakes afflrcting
the peninsula w ill increase in violence un
til Vesuvius breaks out in a serious erup
tion, and that t;ien the earthquake visita
tions will for the present subside.
The President Catches Some Crabs.
Cape Mat, July 8. The president with
Mrs. Harrison and their guests went to
Seweil's Point by train yesterday, where
they embarked on the yacht Clover for a
sailing and crabbing expedition. There
was a brisk breeze, which made the spray
fly right lively. Both the president and
Attorney General Miller were very suc
cessful in catching crabs, and a fine bas
ketful was secured and sent to the cottage
Toting Itaptist Society.
Chicaoo, . Jul;.- K Representatives of
the young Baptists of the United States
met in convention here yesterday and
organized the 'Baptist Young People's
Union of America," the objects being tta
unification of young Baptists, increased
spirituality ins-ruction in Baptist his
A Purse for Jackson and Slavic
Sax Francisco, July 8. The California
Athletic club has decided to offer a purse
of flO.000 for a fiidsh fight between Peter
Jackson (colored I and Francis P. Slavin,
both of Australia. The offer has been tel
egraphed to Sla-in, who is in London,
and an early reply is looked for.
Biddled a Negro with Bullets.
Atlanta, July S. Fifty mounted men,
tully armed, broka into the jail at Black
shear, Gu, Monday night, took therefrom
Roland Brown, a negro who raped Mrs.
O. Berry last Fri lay, took him to a spot
one mile from tewn, tied him to a pine
sapling, and riddled his body with bullets.
A Heavy Fall of Rain.
Minneapolis, IZan., July a Monday
night three inche of rain fell, and dam
aged the wheat in shocks badly.
Tor Eorses, Cattle, Sheep, Scgs, Eegs,
500 Page Book on Treatment of Animals
nd Chart (tent Free,
emus FeirersvCoB tertians. Inflammation
A. A. '(Spinal Meningitis Milk. Fever.
B. R.traias, Lameness, Rheamatisra.
C'.C Distemper, Nasal Discharges.
D. D. Beta mr Gnh, Warms.
E. E.Concha, Heaves, Pneamonla
F. F. Colic or tirine, Bellyache.
0.;. -.Miscarriage, Hemarrhag-ea.
H.H. rrinary and Kidney Diseases.
EraptiTe Diseases. Mange.
J.K-Diaeaaeaef Digestion, Paralysis.
Single Bottle (over SO dosesX - - .00
Stable Case, with Specifies, Manual.
Veterinary Cure Oil and Hedlcawr, 87. 00
Jar Veterinary Care Oil, - 1.00
Sold by Druggists; or Sent Prepaid anywhere
and in any quantity on Receipt of Price.
HUMPHREYS' MEDICINE "CO,
Corner William and John Bts., New York.
HOMEOPATHIC f f-f
SPECIFIC Nn 7iH
in &w 30 jreArs. The od1 mwoeOTtu remedy for
Nervous Debility, Vital Weakness,
sod Prostration, from over-work or oth er causes.
91 per TiaLor Sviaisaod Urge vial powder. or 5.
Sold y Dftrooisrs, or sent postpaid on receipt
of price, HUMPHREYS' MEDICINE CO.,
Cor. William and John Sts N. T.
$100 And Upwards
CAN BB ISVISTED
A POSITIVE AN 17 SAFE
I 5 per Cent
Dividend Paying Stock.
Full particular and
Profpecturc&n be bad
on application or addressing
S. L. SIMPSON. Banker,
64 Broadway, N. Y.
Wyoming lot. It's the coming citv of Wyom
ing, lias waterworks, electric lights, flouring
mills. Located in the garden of Wyoming
Produced the prize potato crop of the United
States in 1890. cor maps and further infor.
mation apply to
MANN 4 THOM. Buffalo, Wyo.
nig o is acknowledged
ibe leadine remedv for
CoBorrba-at A Geet.
The only w.ie rc-'iT for
at. BtrKirre. BCtrrha)orVh;t
i fcrescr:.' stead feel
ieSvuiSChcw"'' nn to sutl'erer.
me"--. SMjia A. i. STUXER. M. Ds
If.: ATTW I IT
- 'J' ny urnca-taw.
SCHNELL SYNDICATE LOTS
To be Sold
We are opening
-NEW MUSIC HOUSE-
No. 1804 Second Avenue.
Housel, Woodyatt & Co.,
This firm have the exclusive sale for this county of the
Pieirjos et:qcL Orgeurjs,
WEBER, DECKER BROS., WHEELOCK
ESTEY, AND CAMP & CO.'S PIANOS,
And the ESTEY, WESTERN COTTAGE and PAR
RAND & VOTEY ORGANS.
lTA fn!l line also of email Musical merchandise.
T. O CONSEB.
O-CONNER & SAGE, Proprietors,
No. 117 Eighteenth Street.
Jhi?DtW f ""'P? Room i tow open for Imsicc Bs. The!r grand opening will occur hi w.,
two weeks, for which they are making grand preparations. " '
M. SCHXELL'S ADDITION.
Balance on Time
tn moat complete line of Hardware ipeelaltlea trar
beside our rernlar stock of staple sod bnlldsis Hartwss
and Mechanics' tools.
Poeket, Table Kitchen Cutlery,
Nails, Stjeel Goods, TnrwAKB, Stoyxs, Etc.
iracaAXTLES-CUnuu Cooks amd Ba&csa, "Florida" and WUa Est Wats HsMssa
taida 8tMBBoQrs,rstevprm Proof raters, Xoaooaay Tsrsasm. TH
as ftNl Iroa work, FlamWnj, CoppersmitMnf and Stoats Vittksg.
BAKER & HOUSMAN,
1823 Second avenue, Rock Island.
to Suit Purchaser