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THJC ABGUb. I FBIDAY, AUGUST 7, 1891.
NO LINE m COLOR:
Black or White, G." A. R. Men
Are Comrades All.
A. HOT DEBATE ON THE QUESTION.
Two Report. One of Which' Is Roomily
Blued The Vote Against Separate
, Font Overwhelming The East Oet the
i Commander-in-Chief as Well as the
r Kncampment Palmer, of ew York,
the Winning Candidate Daftield, of
Detroit, Given tiie Place of Senior Vive
Detroit, Aug. 7.-Vhon the O. A. i
encampment adjourned. Wednesday the
election of Weissert for commander-in-chief,
although not' entirely certain, was
considered one of the most likely things
In the world. The east had obtained the
next encampment, and it seemed simply
appropriate that the west should have
the chief officer. But the east permed to
want the earth, and it got it. The first
business yesterday was the election of
officers. Wisconsin, through B. E. Bry
ant, put in nomination A. O. Weissert,
and it was eloquently seconded by ex-Governor
Alger, and by the states of Illinois
Iowa, Indiana and Kentucky. Corporal
Tanner put up John Palmer, of Albany,
and Massachusetts, Nw Jersey and Penn
sylvania seconded the nomination. Ohio
nominated S. II. Ilurst, and California
stood by W. 1'. Smedburg, of those states,
Hurst Withdraws His Name.
But Hurst was not biu it." He spoke
lor himself and said that New York had
sent more uii'U tot he defense of the Union
than any other state, anil when she want
ed anything of the Grand Army she ought
to have it. He therefore withdrew in fa
Tor of Palmer. The lirst baliot was then
taken, giviug Palmer, H2: Weissert, 27(1,
and Smedburg, 177 no choice. The sec
ond ballot showed a continual stampede
to Palmer, mostly at Smedburg's ex
pense, and when the close was reached
and the re-uit seemed ia doubt California
nettled the matter by going over en masse
to Palmer, Smcdlmrg withdrawing.
Somebody just here moved that the vote
for Palmer le made unanimous, and
amid great cheering the thing was done
and Palmer declared to le elected to the
positiou of cou.ruander-in-chief.
The Other Oflirrr Flerted.
Henry M. Iluliield, of Detroit, waselect
ed senior vice conimander.and Commander
Clarkson. of Nebraska, junior vice over
Ayres, of Delaware. Ken V. Stevenson,
of Kentucky, was re-elected surgei.u gen
eral, and Commander Payue, of Florida,
was made chaplain-in-chief. The commit
tee on rommauder-iu-vLief's address re
ported approving the recommendation
that the McGregor cottage should lie kept
in repair by the government; that ttie
decoration of soldiers' graves should also
be provided for by the government, and
that the pledges to the soldiers and sailors
should Ik- carried out as long as one sur
vives. This brought the encampment
to the color Usue.
No Color Line in the A. It.
There were two reports on this mat ler,
the majority, signed by Conger, Merrill,
and Henderson (of Pa.j, and the minority
by Atkins, laneha m, and Ilecker. Tiie
majority rejiort was against the separation
of white and colored posts, and the minor
ity in favor thereof. There was a hot de
bate on the subject, but finally the major
ity reiiort was adopted by an overwhelm
ingly majority. General Fairchild made
the speech of the day, against separation,
while Past Commander tiraham, of Loui
siana, pleaded passionately thai the social
prejudices of the south be recognized. The
convention then adjourned until to-day.
Last night the delegate were entertained
at a banquet i.t- the rink by the citizens'
The Woman's Kelirf Corps.
In the session of the Woman's Relief
Corps the committee on W. K. C home
recommended that more land m pur
chased for the home, but a plea was made
by Mrs. Sherwood that the money le de
voted to the relief of army nurses outside
the Lome aud the recommend-itiou was
lost. The money for the laud was pledged
immediately, however, by the departments
of Illinois, the Potomac and others amid
great enthusiasm. A new ritual was
adopted during the ufteruoun.
THE FIGHT OVER THE COLOR LINE.
Hot Vpeec:lies Made on Jloth Side. lut
Separation JUadly Keateu.
After the election of Dufiield as senior
vice commander the encampment took
recess for dinner, and when it reassem
bled it was confronted with the light of
the encampment that ou the Louisiana
color line. The two reports having been
laid before the meeting there was a buzz
of excitement. The minority report was
greeted with hisses anil groans irom the
colored contingent in the gallery. Decker,
of the minority, argued that it was not a
question of drawing the color line. The
colored men had separate schools ud
churches, why not posts? This brought
out such a storm of hisses from floor and
gallery that the president threatened to
clear the upstairs portion and Decker cou
tiuued, and energetiiail'y insisted that
they were not trying to draw the detesta
ble color line. J'ust Commander-iu Chief
Warner, of Kansas City. KHid that there
was no question of sociability iu taking
lip a musket to defend the nation.
(Great applause. He pictured the situa
tion wheu iu the midst of Ihe enemy even
a black face may be the face of a friend.
"Don't desert your principles at this
hour," he shouted aud the convention
yelled for a full minute.
The Colored Oelegules Take a Hand.
Johnson, of Washington, a colored dele
gate, wanted to know why they were to be
shoved off at this late day, aud strongly
attacked the minority. Another colored
delegate from Keutucky made a hot speech,
and when interrupted by Decker, retorted:
"Vou are one of the ducks that hide their
badges down our way while you are flirt
ing with the Democrats." This brought
down the house, and the uproar was ter
rific General Lucius'Kaircuild then took
the floor. He said that if the colored men
anted to w ithdraw, as had been claimed,
they ought to be at liberty to do it. It.
was evident, however, that they did not
want to. Past Commander Graham, of
Louisiana, presented the case of the south
in an impassioned address. He said that
the idea that there was a disposition to
drive out colored men was erroneous.
M hite Men Organised In the South.
'Kikhteeu years ago the first Louisiana
paint was organized, and by white men. It
was a time when to wear a Grand Army
button was a disgrace in that region, but
persistence had brought the order up.
They 0id nrJT waul to drive away men who
lived in the north and who didn't under
stand the situation down south. There
are few wt ites and a large number of ne
zroes, and the line was distinctly drawn.
During t he war the negroes were bene
fitted by tl e soldiers, and why should they
tot be frieadlyf Negroes had been heard
to say: "Y hy should we thank the whites,
when it wts by our own brawny arms that
we have on freedom." That was the
temper she wn. Hisses Perhaps he the
speaker had imperilled his life for some
of those that were now hissing. Ap
Mast Conform to the Social Rules.
The whit -is had made their home in the
south, and it was their right to conform
to the sociil rules around them. When
the first application was made for a col
ored post -t was refused. Then certain
posts were organized in fraud. The speak
er entered into a lengthy explanation of
the irregularities and continued that
while he had no objection to colored sol
diers, it was necessary to insist that the
social aspct of affairs in the south de
manded a hange. The whites, if permit
ted, would be willing to withdraw and or
ganize a department to themselves. There
were colored men present who knew the
status of atfairs, and knew that the pres
ent conditions could not continue. Hisses
and cries ot "No." Stung by the demon
stration Graham vociferated menacingly:
"The quicker you fix this matter up the
A Wild Scene at the Vote.
A score ( f delegate roe as he sat down,
but hundre Is of voices clamored for a vote.
The soene was a bedlam. In the midst of
the uproar Veazey put the question of
adopting the minority report. There was
a good many ayes, but an avalanche of
uch's," the veterans in t he gallery mak
ing as mnch noi-e as Ihe delegates on the
floor. Then the majority report was put
aud carried in the same way, while white
aud colored men jumped up f.n chairs
waving ha-s. canes, aud handkerchiefs
and creating pandemonium. The south
ern delegates took their deieHt very muth
to heart, an J one of them shouted above
the din, "1 hat'sgood-by tor us.''
THE EX-UNION PRISONERS.
They Approve a Demand for Pay for
TLere ha e been during t he encampment
nd le-s than eight national organizations
in session, not the least inttrestiug of
which was t he National Ass.iciation of Ex
Prisoners or" War. The president is E. H.
Williams, ( f Indiana, and in his address
he resented the treatment accorded to ex
prisoners by congress. He said they had
sacrificed nirre than any other class of sol
diers owing to the eculinr hardships un
dergone by Union prisoners in rebel pris
ons. They had yearly for several years
presented it iN to congress fcrtheir proper
iudemuihca:ion. but none of them na.l re
ceived even i respectful consideration, and
the government ha 1 not even given them
a vote of llianks. Forty-seven thousand
comrades h d died in rein ! prisons, and
this was evi leuce of the sufferings under
gone. Want Two IloMurs a Iay.
This pert of the president's address was
heartily aj proved and a committee re
ported in favor of presenting a bill to ttie
next congress in In-half of the soldiers
who were it. prison f-.r a period of not less
than sixty t ays or more, providing that
they shall r-ceive 2 for every day of their
col linemen!. The new ctlicers of the or
ganization are as follows: President,
Stephen M. Long, of East Orange, X. J.;
vice president. Major Marion T. Ander
son, of the District of Columbia, chap
lain. Joi n S. Ferguson, Keokuk, la.; his
torian. Warren lee. Norwich, Conn.;
memlers of the executive committee K.
F. Wilson, of Ohio; C. W. Pavey, of Illi
nois: Ueorg" W. Grant, of Minnesota, and
E. II. Rippier, of Pennsylvania.
Otlirr Society Meetings.
A new society Las lieen organized at
this encampment, com.po-.ed ot mtn who
smelt powder aud heard bullets whistle
iu at least ninety days' actual service. It
includes bot ii blue and gray. George K.
Daltou, of St. Louis, was made major
general and Thomas Teake, of St. Louis,
register geu-ral. It will meet next year
The Veter in Signal Corps held its six
teenth auu imI reunion, reporting a mem
bership of i J. L. B. Fortescue, of Phila
delphia, was elected president and Charles
DeWiTt, of Boston, secretary -treasurer.
The memorial committee has raised 1,'K!0
toward tree iug a monument to the corp-.
The Ladi. s ot the G. A. li. have helil a
succe-stiil meeting. They report a tot si 1
meiiilcr.-ni p of between l.",ojo and iiO.iAi.'.
Its object js to help soldiers, their widows
and orphans, and to kcek all such out of
Monument to Colored Veterans.
Dr. G-oru? W. liryaut, a colored e.v
soldier from Chicago. i in the city solicit
ing subscriptions fur the erection of a
monument ro the colored . soldiers ia
Jackson pari, Chicago, before the World's
fair. Au association for that purpose has
been organised at Springfield. Ills., with
Senator Culloni, Governor Fifer. aud a
banker of tiiat city as trustees of the
funds. It is intended to raise 1 jO,iX,
and about fc' 1,0 oo has lieen secured so far.
The monum-nt will be U" feet high, and
will cousist of a granite shall, sur
mounted by a statue of Captain Cailloux,
a colored oflicer who was killed at Port
Hudson. A 'oundthe base will be eight
bronze stnt ut.-s of abolition aud war he
roes, inclnd ng Liucolu, Lovejoy, John
Brown, and others.
ute of the Kncanipineiit.
At the reunion of the Seventh Michigan
infantry the juestiou who was the "Drum
mer boy of the Rappahannock," ahi
tiou claimed by R. 11. Hendershot, who
presented letters from Liucolu, Grant, and
others supporting his claim that he crossed
the river wit a the Seventh. There were
too many old vets who were there and had
not seen Htndershot, however, and the
honor was given to John T. Spillaue, a po
liceman of tl is city.
The W. C. f. V. yesterday sent to the
encampment a petition asking that body
to banish wine and other intoxicants from
all future ba iquets. It, was filed.
A delegatu u of ladies from the W. R.
C. visited tie encampment and told it
what they w re doing. They were loudly
The following resolution was introduced
and carried uuanimously at the Michigan
reunion of Mexican veterans: "That au ef
fort be made by the officers to invite the
surviving veterans of Mexico to meet the
American su:-vivors of the Mexicau war at
the next geteral encampment at Wash
ington, and hat congress be asked for an
There were regimental and brigade re
unions going on at a number of halls all
day, and the veterans had a good time
generally greeting old comrades and tell
ing their bat les o'er. At night there were
camplires at Camp Sherman and several
Three-Cornered Fight in the
A THIED PARTY TICKET NOMINATED
A riatform That Covers the Ground of
Demand Pretty Thoroughly Deposi
tion of the Liquor Question Not Satis
factory to Some of the Delegates The
Ticket Headed by John Seitz, Who
lielieves He Rides Atop of a Tidal
Wave Nebraska Prohibitionists Also
In the Field.
Springfield, O., Aug. 7. The People's
party is in liue for the battle in this state
next fall. Yesterday the convention made
Hugh Cavauagh permanent president, aud
Dr. H. F. Hixson, of Stark couuty, secre
tary, and with an anvil for a desk aud a
sledge hammer for a gavel, proceeded to
business with blood iu its eye. The de
vice of plow and hammer, report ed to the
Mnveution Wednesday as the insignia for
the head of the ticket, was adopted over
several others that were proposed, and
the committee on resolutions being ready
to report, the declaration of principles
was read. It begins by the statement that
labor is the basis of all wealth, ami the
leuiand that it be protected, aud declares
that the new party is for equal rights for
ill the people, north, south, east and west.
A Series of Demands.
It then goes on to demand that taxation
dial! not be used to build up any interest
or class at the expense of another; that the
national banks 1 abolished aud legal
tenders issued su3icient iu volume to per
mit of business being done on a ea.-h
basis; that all the bonds 1 paid in the
money "they were originally made paya
ble in,"' and not refunded; that the gov
ernment take possession of all the means
of transportation and communication;
that liln-ral pensions le paid to all honor
ably discharged soldiers of the I'nion, and
the soldiers lie paid the difference between
gold and greenbacks at the time they
were iu the army "so as to place the sol
dier on the s.une footing as the bondhold
er;" that all dealings in "futures'' and such
sjecnlatiuns be prohibited; an income
tax plank also has a place.
government Loans to Individuals.
It favors government loans directly to
individuals, free coinage of silver and the
forfeiting of all lauds held by railways iu
excess of what they need for operations: it
demands that aliens le made ineligible as
land owners in this country and that the
land Uuw owned by them be obtained
from them by some nieius; favors womna
suffrage, the election of senators by a vote
ofthejH-ople and free school books for
the public schools, it demands that the
charurof the Standard Oil company be
forfeited because it has turned over its
rights and privileges to an alien trust. A
pliruk also demands the amendment of
the st.ite constitution so as to reijuire, on
the tiemaud i f a certain number rf voters,
that acts of the legislature shall be ap
proved by popular vote before becoming
Ooverniuent Control of Tanglefoot.
The platform was adopted, anil a resolu
tion favoring government or state control
of the sale, manufacture, importation, and
exportation of spirituous liquors, was
recommended to the national convention
as the solution of the liquor problem.
Having put up a platform, the next thing
was the selection of men to stand thereon.
This was accomplished with great enthusi
asm. The ticket is as follows: Governor,
John Seitz; lieutenant governor, Frank
Rist; treasurer. Henry Weif; auditor, D.
M. C'oojkt: attorney general. Rial M.
mith; supreme court judge, Alfred Yaple;
school commissioner, J. E. Peterson.
Seliz Had to Make a Speech.
The wildest euthusiam followed Seitz's
nomination, and he was called to the stage
for a speech by hundreds of voices. Seitz
thanked the convention for his nomina
tion and said he thanked God he saw be
fore him the most honest, the most noble
convention of men ever assembled iu
Ohio. He hoped to meet them all before
the campaign closed and promised to do
all he could to carry the state standard to
victory in Xovenibf r. He believed the
tidal wave of the People's party sentiment
would rise high euough to elect the entire
Itist Declares His I'ealty.
When the nominations for lieutenant
governor were all in, the candidates were
called on to give in their adhesion to the
platform, aud they all did so Rist was
received with cheers, aud wheu they hail
subsided so that he could be heard, lie said
that he wasJin sympathy with the move
ment, and would support the platform,
but he believed in expediting business,
and therefore would not inflict upon them
a speech. Thi statement was made the
occasion for renewed cheers, and Rist
bowed his thauks.
OKip About the Convention .
After selecting the ticket the convention
adjourned si.-ie die with cheers for the can
didates. Many of the delegates declared
their intention last evening to bolt the
ticket on account of the liquor plank iu
the platform, which they say they did not
intend to adopt as part of the platform.
The leaders are confident of forming a co
alitiou with the Prohibitionists not later
than lii3. and going into a national cam
paign very strong. Their plau is
to extend the plank demand
ing government ownership of railroads
and telegraph, no liquor traffic, and have
agents in charge who will conduct the
business much as postoflices are now run.
The bolt iug element's strength can not be
estimated until the delegates report to
their constituents. Old politicians of
other parties consider a grave mistake has
been made. The personnel of the ticket is
generally considered good.
Nebraska "I'rohibs" Nominate a Woman.
LINCOLN", Neb, Aug. 7. At yesterday's
session of the Prohibition state convention
Ii. W. Richardson, of Omaha, was nomi
nated for judge of the supreme court; Rev.
W. M. Gorst, of Neligb, and Mrs. Caroline
M. Woodward for regents of state uni
versity. A platform of the usual style
was adopted, and the convention ad
journed sine die.
Was a Itlaiue Convention.
Syracuse, N. Y., Aug. 7. The Repub
lican league convention closed its busi
ness yesterday and adjourned. It was a
Blaine convention, but adopted resolu
tions indorsing President Harrison's administration.
Assignment at t. Louis. -
St. IxjVIS, Aug. 7. Daniel W. Uaydock,
carriage manufacturer, corner of Tenth
and St. Charles street, assigned yesterday.
The assets are placed at tiai.OOO. The lia
bilities are not stated, but are believed to
be in excess of assets. . . '
On the mend
the consumptive who's not be
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S. L- SIMPSON. Banker,
64 Broadway, N. Y.
-NEW MUSIC HOUSE-
No. 1804 Second Avenue.
House!, Woodyatl & Co.
- 01 i
This firm have the exclusive sale for thig county of tL
Fieiios eircl Oro-ais.
WEBER, DECKER BROS., WEDLOCK
ESTEY, AND GAMP & CO.'S PIANOS
And the ESTEY, WESTERN COTTAGE and FiR
RAND & VOTEY ORGANS.
d'-A Inl line a'iM of email Musical merchandise.
J. T. O'CONNOR, Proprietor.
No. 117 Eight-f-ntli S-j:
This new Sample Room is row open for bueiLcse. The best ofWii.j., ..t
Imported Cigars always on hand.
SCHNELL SYNDICATE LOTS
HO 44 46
ki 1? :4.'
M, SCHXELL'3 ADD1TI0X.
One-Fourth Down, Balance on Time to Suit Purcha:
Wa ar opening tat moat complete Una of Hardware ipadaltia aw aar4 am Kk
IftUad besld ou regal ar foot of itaplo aad tmflta HaitwiM
and Mechanics' tool a.
Poeket, Table Kitchen Cutlery,
Nails, Stem. Goods, Tinware, Stoves, Eto.
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1823;Second avenue,!: Fc tl leti c!