Newspaper Page Text
THK ARUU8. THUKSDAY, EP'EMHR1? 3, 1891.
. " . i . ' . . j. . . . -
Subject Discussed by the So-
cial Science People.
LABCB UffK-KS A SOCIAL FACT.
Here to Stay ami One of the Conditions
of Business A Consideration of Better
Wag-ee and Who Pa)- : Them Samuel
Compera Write of the Mrnfttle. of La
bor for Recognition aad Ha a AVord
for Finkerton "Ruffians" The Ap
Saratoga, X. Y., Sept. 8. The Amer
ican Social Science association devoted
yesterday to' the department of social
economy, three of the papers presented be
ing characterized by President Andrew
D. White, in the discussion which fol
lowed their reading, us the most remark
able ever read before this association or
any other association in America. The
first of these was on "The Possibilities of
. Trades Unions," by Professor J. V".
Jenks, of Cornell university. He said it
was too late to discuss the success or fail
ure of trades unions, for they are here to
stay, aDd are one of the conditions of busi
ness, one of the facts of industrial society
The Inereae in Wage.
Wages have materially increased in the
last twenty-five years, whether from
onions increased production or both.
Higher waes must come from employers'
profits, consumers' pockets or enlarged
production. The richness of the first
source is peuei-ally considered to the
neglect of the others, but expectation In
this line will b disappointed. Increase
In profits is generally sudden and tempo
rary and demands for more wares fail un
less made at just the right time. Em
ployers will generall) grant reasonable
advances rather than enter into a coufli.t
unless their enlarged profits seem only
Some Indispensable Factors.
Wages cannot be permanently held np
unless employers are all united and then
the consume-s pay the advance, and even
the rediiv-.tl consumption may bring them
down. The great field for advauced
wages then is in the increased productive
ness and economy of thewoikers them
selves. Swiftness. jtkill and saving are
the indispensable tnctors. So the eight
hour working day depends upon the la
borers. Employers will not carry the bur
den, Dor will consumers for any length of
time, but when the workmen increase their
efficiency to make the product of eight
hours as valuable, by increased skill or
greater output, as that of ten hours had
been, the question solves itself.
PRESIDENT GOMPERS' PAPER.
He Review the History or the Straggle
'. for Better I'ay.
Perhaps the most noteworthy of these
papers was that of Samuel Gompers, pres
ident of the American Federation of La
bor, on "Trades Unions, Their Acliieve
msnts, Methods and Aims." Mr. Gom
pers said the influence of trades unions is
conspicuously cbown in England and
France. The growth of French nationality
was due to these labor unions. English
labor laws were exceedingly oppressive.
Scarcely more than a century ago Scotch
miners were transferred with the mines.
Owned by Their Employer.
They stayed in the pits until their
owners told them to come out, and if they
took employment elsewhere they were
brought back and flogged as thieves for
having robbed their employers of their
labor. The power of the justices to x
wages continued us late as 1S12. Organi
zations of workmen were prohibited, and
as late as 17U5 no workman could legally
seek for employment outside his own
parish. But restrictive laws and enact
ments to fix wage always fail in the end,
and trades unions are now legalized
Jn Great Britain and their funds protected
' So Polities in Labor fnlons.
Where people enjoy most liberty trades
ucipns are most formidable. Political is
sues find the unions barren ground. There
has been a growing conviction that polit
ical measures cannot satisfy economic de
mands. In spite of present efforts to
unite the toilers, loth of farm and factory,
upon a platform of political demands, the
unions as such will not commit them
selves to any such programme. Strikes
are not the sole object of unions, as many
think. They are but a t-ingle ntauiiesta
tation of it, but being public and conspic
uous, they attract much attention.
Ktrike Should Be Avoided.
' lie believed strikes should be avoided
wherever possible, but denouncing them
will not 'prevent them. , Against unions
are arrayed hosts guarded by special priv
ilege, buttressed by legalized trusts, fed
by streams of legalized monopolies, and
picketed by gang-of 1'inkerton ruffians.
The lines formerly formed on religious
and political questions have been largely
obliterated, aud the contest is now an in
dustrial one. Unions do not oppose capi
tal. They only regret that capital is so
hedged in with monopolistic privilege,
utilized to oppress, ihat labor is forced
into seeming opposition for self-protection.
The Apprenticeship Question.
The third of the impels was ou "The Re
lations of Trades Unions to Apprentices."
by Professor Edward W. Beuiis. of Vau
derbilt university, Xnshville. .He said
much of the opposition of the general pub
lic to trades unions grew out of their sup
posed desire to limit apprentices, yet of
the thirty-eiv;ht trades unions in the
United States and Canada, with about
5,O0U members, from which returns have
been received, only eighteen, with some
103,000 members, report any rules for such
limitation. Eight, with C5,b00 members,
report very poor success in enforcing
their rules. Five others, 155,000 members,
report restrictions in some locals, but not
iu the national body.
Only Necessary in a Few Trades.
The whole tendency of modern business
methods toward destroying the entire ap
prentice system is too strong to be resist
ed. Trades are subdivided and machinery
is constantly superseding handicraft.
Once it took seven years to learn a trade,
bat seven weeks is the modern allowance.
In the few trades, as printing, molding,
glass-working, hatmaking, and some
building trades where good workmanship
demands thorough apprenticeship, the
unions do not interfere. But few unions
restrict the number of apprentices and
they do it to compel skilled workmen and
to keep up wages by lessening the supply.
The habit of restriction logically leads to
the restriction of immigration which
many economists advocate.
vlr r Ji .j - .. T ... .
I - ! ' ' ' -til M- - 1 , . . - . - - , - , . . . . . ,
"PAT S PROBABLY IMMORTAL.
W ilrhuan McGough's Knrounter with a
Locomotive and It Novel Result-
New York, Sept. 3. Patrick Mc
Gcugn, a watchman for the Potter Dredg
ing company at Morris dock, started
ac -oss the tracks of the New York and
Nt rthern railroad at 8:15 p. m., Monday,
caiTying his lantern. At the same time
a freight train came rushing north to
mi ke way for a passenger train which
ws to follow a few minutes later. Mc
Gongh was in the middle of the track
wlen it struck him. Policeman James
Corbly saw the man's lantern knocked
thirty feet in the air. After the train had
parsed he and several men searched for
McGough's body. It was nowhere to be
found. At 6. o'clock Tuesday morning.
Roundsman SSniith and three policemen
searched the track from Morj-is dock to
Fordham Heights, but without finding
a t ace of McGough.
' WonM Have Killed a Sober Maa.
Meanwhile telegrams reached the
fre ght train at Pitsoni, near Sing Sing.
No one had seen the missing mrfn. The
cowcatcher showed no evidence of the nc-cid'-nt.
At this time he was lying asleep
between the tracks a short distance above
Tairytown, nearly twenty-seven miles
fro n where the accident occurred. He
had an ugly gash in his head. He had
bees carried trom Morris dock on the
con catcher. McGough woke np about 7
o'clock and taking a train to Highbridge
reported himself, while the police were
looking for his body. remembered
notaing of his strange adventure. An
ambulance took him to the hospital. The
doc-ors said that McGough had been
drinking. His wound is not serious.
CAMP STRUCK BY LIGHTNING.
Nine Men Knocked Senseless by the Klec
tric Fluid, bnt Not Fatally Hurt.
OdAHA, N'eb., Sept. 3. During a severe
rain-storm at Grand Island, where the
state Grand Army aud Sons of Veterans'
reunion is being held, a lightning bolt
strixk the camp. Two lieutenants and
four serge-ants of cavalry, troop K, were
sealed In the first sergeant's tent. The
lightning struck the tent with fearful
effects. Xine men were found unconscious
among the debris. The injured are ss
followg: Sergeant Luebin. of MilfoM.
kuo :ked senseless tnd stvtrt ly shocked;
Firt Sergeant Seymour, of Milford, ter
ribly sbockei and injured in the limbs;
Sect nd Lieutenant Yosberg, of Lincoln,
injured in ttiearms and legs; Lloyd En
sign, of Milford, shocked in arms aud
body; James Carr. of Staplehurst. injured
in Ugs and body; Hasley Bromwell.of M.l
ford, injured in shoulder; George L. Gerr,
of Milford, severely shocked; Frank
Smi h, of Milford, severely shocked. Tiie
doctors believe that all will recover. On
the arms and legs of the injured there are
great knots produced by the electric fluid.
The injured men suffer intense pain.
HAL POINTER BEATEN.
The Great Pacer Takes Sick on the Track
All Fools Off.
Pi iLAPELrni.v, Sept. ?. The defeat of
the great pacer, Hal Pointer, was the
feature of yesterday's racing here. He
won two heats, but in the third snowed
signs of distress, and Johnson took the
heat. Pointer came in bleeding at the
nose. Johnson won the fourth heat easily,
and Hal pointer was then withdrawn.
Joht son walking over in the next heat
and winning the race. The judges, ho-v-ever,
declared off all pools on the race.
They said the horse was certainly sick
when the races started, and in view of his
recent great performances the innocent
bettt rs were placed at a disadvantage to
the benefit of those who knew of the great
pacer's ailment. Tne best time was 2:12,
by Hal Pointer, Johnson doing no better
Kingston Won the Special Race.
Cbk Alio, Sept. 3. The special race yes
terday at Garneid park between Kingston,
Mari n C, and Verge d'Or, was won by
Kingston. The others finished as named.
The distance was 1 1-16 miles and the time
1:54. The other events were won as follows:
Aunt Cal, xi mile, 1:17: Alphonse, 1
mile, 1:45: Aloha, mile, 1 :-'; Madden,
mile, 0:3;'s': Somerset, 1 mile, l-AVyj.
At Hawthorne- Dr. Iceman, uiUe,
Ethel, 1 mile 70 yapds. 1:5 En
terprise, ?4 mile, 1:17; Tom Karl, t mile,
1-17; Patrick, 1 mile, l:44'i.
Very Wroth at Republican.
ALiiANT, Sept. 3. The Prohibition state
convention met here yesterday, organized,
and adjourned. 'The feature of the session
was the bitterness with which the tempor
ary c.iairman, H. C. Bascom, of Troy, ar
saileil the Republican party and iis lead
ers. He applied insulting epithets to sev
eral members of the administration, call
ing 1 usk "Beer champion," Foxier "Hum
champion," aud Judge Brewer, of the sti
prem court, "Defender of the Liquor
They Were Alien Laborer.
IXIEUXATIOSAL Bmix.E. Out., Sept.
A nu:nbcr of railroad men livlug here and
work ug across the river, have leen goin
to and returning from work w ithout in
terruption for some time. Last evening
they -vent as usual, but the United Spates
marshal was on hand and corralled tueni
all au 1 m.irc'ied them back totue interna
tiona boumiarv line.
of t he
From the Summer ( apital.
E May PoiXT, X. J., Sept. 3 Sccre
f the Xavy Tracy arrived here last
aud was met at the Grant Street
a by the president and taken to
cottage in his carriage. The date
president's reed-bird shooting trip
urice river meadows is fixed for to-
An Explosion at Fall Speed.
Win-slow, Ark., Sept. 3. While a train
was running at full speed near Denison
station Tuesday night a car of powder
blew up, instantly killing E. W. White,
a brakeman, and August Beck man, a
stockman in charge of a car of household
goods. The powder car and the adjoining
car were blown to pieces.
She Vu "Little and Ould."
OBI IDA, X. Y., Sept. 3. Miss Betsy
Wormwood died Tuesday at her home in
Sconondoa, Oneida county, about two
miles from here, at the age of 100 years, 6
montl s, and 8 days She came to Scon
ondoa forty-five years ago. She was 4 feet
4 inches talk and weighed about eighty
Gov. Filer at Gettysburg.
Gettysburg, Pa., Sept. 3. Governor
Fifer, of Illinois, and ex-Govornor Beve
rldge, at the head of the veterans of 111!
nois, rrived here last night. Today they
will dedicate the monuments erected to
the Illinois regiments with appropriate
He Will Shortly Invade the Ger
, man Market.
EXCLUSION LAWS TO EE KEVOKED
And German Beet Sugar to Continue to
Come to Thl Country Duty Free
Minister tfan at Lst Gels a Tele
gram Through to Washington Cause
of His Hence Explained The Time
for Continuing Komi Extended Indef
initely OttW-lHl Note.
Wasuingtos, S;.'pt. 3 Sscretary Rusk
has returned to Washington. He said
yesterday that the plan of biet and pork
inspection which has been inaugurated iu
the west is proving a great success. "Bee' is
thoroughly inspected by the department,"
said Mr. Rusk, "a postmortem, as it. were,
being held on each animal." In this con
nection the negotiations with Germany
for the introduction of our pork into that
country are growing in interest. It was
in order to remove the objections of Ger
many and other foreign countries to
American polk, which they said was full
of trichina, that this inspection systca
Germany to Itevoke Her Decrees.
It is now fiated that an arrangement
has been made between the United States
aud Germany by which the latter country
will revoke her decrees, issued in 1SN0 aud
1S3, excluding American pork, bacou,
ham, eic, in return for which the duty on
beet sugar imported into the United
States, removed by the McKiuley act, will
not be restored by President Harrison,
who has power to restore it under that
act. This arrangcrneut will not take the
form of a treaty, but a proclamation will
be issued by President Harrison tegard
iu the boct suir duty as soon as he is
officially no;: lied of the removal by the
German government of the restriction
against American pork.
ot Vet Oritt-ially Announced.
The negotiations have been conducted
by Minister 1'ueips at Berlin. There is no
one in Washington who will officially
state that the negotiations are concluded,
although it is known that tbey are. The
state depai tuient will say nothing yet and
there is no mio at the German legation
who is informed on the subject. There is
no doubt, however, tl.at tue president's
proclamation will be issued very shortly
and it can b" looked for at any day.
A TELEGRAM F30M EGAN.
He Has Been t ut Off by a Broken Tele
Washington, sept. 3 Minister Egnn
has been heard from. In a dispatch to the
state department he officially notifies the
the United States government that the
Balmacedan government had been over
thrown by the revolutionists. The gov
ernment will not immeciately recognize
the revolutionists, however, as Acting
Secretary Wtiarton explained yesterday.
The United States will wait until the
new party fully organizes the govern
ment, and formally demands recognition
by a foreign power. The dispatch from
Minister hgan, dated three days ago as it
was, throws light upon his silence dur
ing the trouble in Chili. The telegraph
line between Santiago and Valparaiso is
known to have been down, and this cut
off Minister Kgan from communic-ttion
with the United States by the Pacilic
Had to Go Around a Long Way.
This is winter in Chili, 'and the Andes
are deep with snow aud ice, aud the tele
graph, it is thought at the stSte depart
ment, must be broken down. This was
the only line left to Minister Ejau, and
the telegram received yesterday came over
this route from Santiago to Bueuos Avres,
and thence up the Atlantic coast. Tele
grams snt trom the state department to
Minister K-jan within the past few days
have not yet reached him, as they called
for immediate re;iiies aud none have been
EXTENDED UNTIL FURTHER NOTICE.
The Time in Which 4 1-2's Can He Con
tinued presented lor Itcdeuiption.
WAsHI iUToN-. Sept. 3 Secretary Foster
yesterday af.ernoou issued a circular ex
tending the time for the presentation of
4'a'per cent, bonds for extension at 2 until
further notice. Iulercst on the 4,:3 per
cents, is declared to have cea.-ed Sept. i,
but bond extended hereafter will bear
interest at lbs rale of '.' per cent, from the 1
same date. Secretary Foster said the
reason fur the circular was found in the
fact that a number of people were r.bsent
during the (-ummer Trom their business
and had not had an opportunity to present
their bonds for extension.
Ak for Cash on Their Bonds.
At the close of business yesterday the
amount of 4; i per cent, bonds presented
for extensK'-i at 2 per cent, aggregate !
t"!.rs"4.000. The amount of bonds pre
sented for redemption at the treasury de
partment up to date was $3.rMi,7iM anil at
Xew York e.,."0!,(XK, making a total of
?. IST.T'KI. These bonds are payable iu
coin at the option ol holder.
J ar. luire ( uiupluius of a Hallway.
Washington, Sept. 3. The case of the
Eau Claire board of trade vs. the Chicago,
Milwaukee aud Su Paul ILiilway com
pany has been assigned for bearing before
the interstate commerce commissioaSept.
2) at. 10 o'clock a. m in the Palmer House,
in Chicago. The complaint alleges that
the rates of the defendant on lnmlter from
Eau Claire to Kansas City, Council Bluils
and Omaha, as compared with relative
rates from Chicago, Minneapolis. Milwau
kee, Crosse, Winona and Oshkosb, are
unjust and unreasonable and constitute
unjust discrimination and undue preju
dice and disadvantage against Eau Claire.
Authorized to Do a Banking Business.
Washington, Sept. 3. Certificates au
thorizing the following named banks to
begin business were issued yesterday:
First Xational bank of California, Pa ,
capital 150.000; Columbia Xational bank of
Tacoma, Wash., capital f.OO.twit; First
Xational bank of Koseburgh, Or., capital
The Latest Price or Silver..
Washington, Sept. a The treasury de
partment yesterday resumed the purchase
of silver, buying 679,000 ounces at 88 3 to
SXS 4 cents per ounce.
Proctor Accepts the Senatorshlp.
Washington, Sept. 8. Secretary Proc
tor has written a letter to Governor Page,
of Vermont, accepting the appointment
to the federal senate. " -
. No one . doubts." that - Dr.
Sage's Catarrh Remedy really
cures Catarrh, whether the
disease be recent or of long
standing, because the makers
of it clinch " their faith in it
with a S500 guarantee, which
isn't a mere newspaper guar
antee, but " on call " in a
That moment is when you
prove that its makers cant
The reason for their faith
Dr. Sage's remedy has
proved itself the right cure
for ninety-nine out of one
hundred cases of Catarrh in
the Head, and the World's
Dispensary Medical Associa
tion can afford to take the
risk of your being the one
The only question is are
you willing to make the test,
if the makers are willing to
take the risk ?
If so, the rest is easy. You
pay your druggist 50 cents
and the trial begins.
If you're wanting the $500
you'll get something better-
Wyoming lot. It's the coming cltv of Wyom
ing. Has waterworks, electric lights, flouring
mills. Located in the garden of Wyom itur
Produced the prize potato crop of the United
States in 18!)0. ror maps and further infor.
mation apply to
MAXN & THOJf. Buffalo, Wyo.
Woodyatt's Music House-
No. 1804 Second Avenue.
- M 5
This firm have the exclusive Bale for this county 0f
following celebrated .
Fietros eirjcl Oro-ai
WEBER, DECKER BROS., WHEELOCK
ESTEY, AND CAMP & CO.'S PIANOS '
And the ESTEY, WESTERN COTTAGE and FAR
RAND & VOTEY ORGANS.
WA full Use l?o of email MnMcal m'rehandi-e.
J. T. 0"CONXOR, Proprietor.
No. 117 Eighteenth Sa
This new Sample Room if now open Tor busiccM. The best of Wices I r
Imported Cigaie always on hand.
Wt are eaeainr ta most complete Una of Hardware trrlt1tt tret eflajea hi Bask
Ulaad bertds oar f-nlar t'ock of staple aad buOOara HarevaM
and Mechanics' tools.
Pocket, Table Kitchen Cutlery,
Nails, Stosl Goods, Tix wars, Stoves, Etc.
HTBCIALTUS Climax Cooks sad Ban a, "Florida and WBk Bo Water BaM
Steam Bouora, Faatcar Germ Proof Ftltenj , Seonomy r nri. TT
me ttatat Iroa work, Flamhtnj, Ooppei uttlilng and Suss 7itdmj.
BAKER & HOUSMAN,
1F23 Second avenue, Rock Island.
IS CHEAPER than any other dtessing
at any price, be it 5 cents, 10 cent, or
25 cents, you can convince yourself 1 y
wearing one shoe dressed ith Acme
Blacking and the other shoe dressed
with whatever happens to be your
favorite dressing. While Acme Black
ing will endure a month through show
or rain, and can, if the shoe is soiled,
be washed clean, the other dressing will
not last a single day in wet weather.
Your shoes will look better, last
longer and be more comfortable if
dressed wkh Wolff's Acme Clacking.
WOLFP A RAKDOLPH. Philadelphia.
WOLF RANDOLPH, Philadelphia
Surety on Bonds.
Thoe whoare required to give bonds in poi
tiona of tnut, and who dei-ire to avoid asking
friend to berowe their sureties, or who may wish
to re:ieve friends from farther obligations as
bondsmen, or tbose who nay desire bonds and
undertakings required in the courts, should apply
?2? o'by. ler to the AMERICAN
SURETY CO., ol Hew YorkTcwh Capital
1,0jv,UU0. Descriptive circular on application.
ED. UBBEKKNECaT. Aent.
17U Second avenue, ftock Ieiaud, 111.
. DXLNlSTRATOK'tJ NUTXCK
Estate of K"alie Uar-r.apel, Di-c-a?d.
The andenoifced having been a. (iin' d niiinin
itra;tr of Ibe e.ut of Hoalj HartLae!,
late of tne county of Rock lelaiiii. Mate
of niitioif decerned, hcrehy gtvee nonce thr.t he
will iear before the count v court of IiocK
iclatid county, at tile office of "the cl rk of atd
court, iu Iho city of koca Inland, m the Octo
ber term, ou the first Mouday in i-tolir next,
at whicn time all ier-oiia having ciaim against
aid estate are notified and reque-irl to attend,
forthepurpot-e of having the aiuc adju-ted. A!l
persons indebted to sai l estate are requested to
make iu mediate D&ymeut to the uiiderr ine,!.
Dated this tith day of Ail' 11.-L, A. I) . Ivl.
J. R. JOHNSIO, Administrator.
OTICK OF FINAL 6ETTLKMKNT.
ALL KINDS 0T
Estate of William Fsr-el, Doc see i.
PuMic notice is hert bp given that the U'der
signed, Catherine E. Farrell. has this cay died her
final rt port and settlement as such In ue county
court of Kock Island county, and that an Older
has been entered by said coiirt apptoving the said
retort, unless objections thereto or came to the
contrary be shown on or before the 9;b day of
August, A. D. 1891. and upon the final approval f
said retort the said Catherine E. Farrell will ask
tor an order of distribution, and w?ll also ask to
be discharged. All persons inlcierled ate notified
Rock Island, 111.. Angust 22, 1891.
CATHERINE E. FAKKELL.
NOW I inrri in hi nun.
BE wUnuLJiom utr.t
CyIJ or snd for cutoUt com) rim
tlie mot nunfloni .uiv of Csu(r,tt
arrh. Tumor. Ht-oi Tr it u
tC IIAMRIWl.Uforanv n.,t
(41., Car. Purtin u4 iUM --.. H . UA.
t UsanatMr not to W
umw mum auicu-j.
V Oaua"1 ' red
fie u is acknowlprl 6
tbe leadire reinev f.ji
(nriiia-a a. .W.
The onl; ie rt-ice- y f.,i
I ireacrlb it and feei
sale zi reo'iunienaimt u
to a!! snrfer-rs.
1'E- ah a Iu.
M ti KruKaristiav
fkJI K .M
Cast Iron Wod
dote. A si'tri".'? r -of
Stoves w:-a f..-!' I
added wtere -;
,k wil! be d-Mi ttf-:- .
NTNTH ST. AND 7
DOWNING BROS.. ft
HORST VON KOX
Fourth Are. and