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THE-" AUG .US, SATUKDAY, OCToBEK .3, 1891.
Comments Thereon by Con
fiFEIKGEB ITEST, BUT SOT ALWAYS.
Th New Chicago 'statesman Talk ea
STral Subject, la a Manner Easily
Understood Onens Bureau Figure, on
the Mo rt gage Indrbtedne. of llllnol.
Cook County'. Burden Compared with
That or a Few State Some Familiar
People Vl.it the White House.
Washington, Oct. 3. General Walter
C Newberry, the new congressman from
Chicago, came into town Thursday night.
He fell in the way of the interviewer a
few minutes later. "The legislature of
my state," he said, "has instructed the
Illinois represen atives in congress to vote
tor Mr. Springer for the speakership and
I shall cheerfilly do so. 1 suppose it will
be very apparent by the time the caucus
meets, if not before, whether Mr.
Springer's election is possible. I do not
consider that the instructions bind me to
continue voting for Mr. Springer after
there is no hupe of his election.
Mills Hi. Second Choice.
"There are some people who sny they
have no second choice. I am not one of
that kind. 1 have a sentiment that we
owe a debt in the southwest, and if there
is no chance for the speakership to go to
my state I shall favor Mr. Mills. I am not
nnder anybody's thunb to be a part of a
trade for cocimitteeship or other office.
Isor do I think the Illinois delegation is to
be handed ovr in a body. I am sure Mr.
Springer would not desire to control his
colleagues in such a manner."
I'o.itiTeljr Against Free Coinage.
"How about the silver question?" asked
"I am positively against the free and
unlimited c(inai;eof silver. I shall vote
against it if I am the only man to do so.
I am au old-fashioned Democrat who be
lieves in speakiug his ssntiments. My p--sition
is plain: I believe in a hard-money
dollar. 1 have no sympathy with any at
tempt to depreciate the currency. My
constituents and 1 are together on this
platform. When they change their minds
they can elect some one else to congress.
I shall vote according to my belief."
ut Hunting for Popularity-
The congressman also had something to
Bay about pensions He was ai-ked to tie a
claim for a Chicago widow, and said: bI
am not going to be a party to any of these
pension frauds. In this case the woman
is worth 75.ut to my certain knowledge,
and she wants me to help her get a pen
sion as a dependent and suffering widow.
I won't do it. They tell me 2J0 such cases
are put through every day, but I will not
knowingly give my help iu such raids on
the treasury. I know t bis will not tend
to make me popular, but I cannot bring
myself to be used in this way. Last win
ter while I was spending a few days in
Washincton, they passed through con
press a bill giving the widow of Admiral
Porter a pension of fc.'.Oi'O a year, I think
it was. Tolay Mrs. Porter offered to
rent me her bouse for the modest sum of
$006.66 per month."
THE MORTGAGE DEBT OF ILLINOIS.
Eight or the Principal Counties Owe Over
CO Fer Cent. Thereof.
Washisgtos, Oct. 3. The census office
yesterday made a statement showing that
the real estate mortgage debt in force in
Illinois Jan. 1, 1W, was t5f4,St4,9. of
which flC5,28y,222 was on acre tracts and
219,010,038 on village and city lots. The
debt of Cook county, containing Chicago,
was 1191,519. S'U. of which tl4.0ti.V3u5 was
acres and no 117 7,452,904 on lots. The
debt of seven other principal counties was
as follows: Kane, (5,515,503: LaSalle. $5 -H60.4&8;
McLean. S3,37S.30: Peoria, tS.HSL,
72: St. Clair, $5,134.30; Sangamon, 83.
b51,540, and Will. o 405.917. The Cook
county debt is 49.S4 per cent, of the debt
of the state and the debt of the eight
counties named is CO. 00 per cent, of the
Where tbe Burden 1. Heaviest.
Fifteen principal counties in which are
included the preceding eight and Adams,
Champaign Iroquois, Livingston, Vermil
lion and Winnebago counties, owe t'SQ,
221,092 of tbe state's total debt. In these
fifteen counties are situated the cities of
Chicago, Peoria. Springfield. Blooming
ton, Joliet, Quincy, Elgin. East St. Louis.
Aurora, Ottawa, Streator, Belleville,
Danville and Kockford. The debt of Chi
cago is $24,373,170 larger than the farm
debt of Kansas. I4U, 703,504 larger than
the farm debt of Iowa, and (112,063.80
larger than tbe entire mortgage debt of
Alabama and Tennessee. Tbe per capita
debt of Illinois is flX. while that of
Kansas is (165 and that of Iowa (K4.
WERE MIGHTY FAMILIAR.
Ladles Who Wanted to See "Llge" Hal
ford A Man Woo Asked for "Ben."
Washisoton, Oct. 3. There never was
so much familiarity displayed by visitors
at tbe White House as a few days ago. A
party of neatly dressed ladies marched np
to tbe doorkeeper and one of them,
whose black eyes twinkled with amuse
ment, inquired: "Is Lige Halford in!1"
When the doorkeeper had sufficiently re
covered be ascertained that the ladies
were particular lifelong friends of the
private secretary. Later in the day a tall,
cadaverous-looking individual, well
dressed, strode leisurely up to tbe door
keeper and, smiling grimly, said: "Is
Ben around today f" Soon after there
port went around that, the president's
brother. Carter Harmon, of Tennessee,
was doing the capital.
Must Deposit Unexpended Balances.
Wa$HiAgto!, Oct. 8 Secretary Tracy
Las directed that disbursing officers of
the navy and murine corps mast deposit
si the close of each fiscal year, unless
otherwise authorized by the department,
to tbe credit of tbe United State's all un
expended balances of appropriations In
their hands, after reserving sufficient
to pay all unpaid approved vouchers-that
may be in their possession. They must
also deposit all balances of appropriations
in their b ands pertaining -to the current
fiscal year from which they have made
do payments within a period of three
National Treasury Notes.
Washington, Oct. 3. The treasury de
partment yesterday paid out $3,000,000 on
account of pensions for October, and pur
chased 799,000 ounces of silver at from
0.975 to (0.976 per ounce.
Reciprocity with Bteaico.
WAbHlSOTOS, Oct 8. Negotiations
looking to agreement upon a reciprocity
treaty between the United States an
Mexico are in" active progress in the oity
of Mexico between a special commissioner
appointed by the Mexican government
and United States Minister Ryan.
'' BRITISH LIBERAL FEDERATION.
Gladstone Make, an Address and Is To-
. - . " ciferously Received.
Newcastle, Oct. 8. The Liberal ccn
gress opened yesterday and Sir George
Trevelyan introduced the resolution
which in brief demand enlarged suffrage,
shorter sessions of parliament, payment
of members (S?r George saying that he
would oppose greater compensation than
.300 per year) and, representa
tion of the . working classes. The
resolutions was cheered at every point,
f nd are evidently what tbe delegates waut.
At night Gladstone addressed 4,000 per
sons. He was received with repeated
cheers and order could hardly be oblaiDed
fr him to proceed. Resolutions express
i lg affection and confidence in the Grand
Old Man were adopted with a storm oi
Tbe Grand Old Man's Speech.
Gladstone frequently during his speech
g ive voice to his confidence that at the
nxt general election the Tories would be
drfeated. He touched on all tbe proposals
of the resolutions and gave them a quali
fied indorsement. Everything he said on
these subjects was cautiously worded, but
be was not non-committal in denounc
ing everything done by the Salisbury gov
ernment, except its foreign policy, which
he also cautiously approved. On the
temperance issue he seemed to favor local
op-.ion. He indorsed church disestablish
mnt in Scotland and Wales and cleverly
dolged tbe question of abolishing the
ho tse of lords.
Labor and the Iriuli Ouestiom
lie favored "a few more'' labor represen
tatives in parliament and further reduc
tions in the hours of labor that do not
violate anybody's rights. A very great
portion of his speech was devoted to Ire
lanJ. but he outlined no precise policy,
simply declaring for home rule, and com
bat ng any claim to success in deaiing
wit i the problem the government makes.
That part of his speech on British affairs
was frequen.ly cheered, but the delegates
seemed to think the Irish question tooi
up too much of his time.
DIDN'T WIN ON 'CHANGE.
So Be Pleaded the Uany Act and Tinally
Won In Court.
Minneapolis, Oct. 3 The supreme
court yesterday handed down the decision
in the case of Oscar Mohr et al. appellants,
vs. Anton Miesen. The appellants, who
are brokers in the Milwaukee chamber of
comcierce, sued the defendant Miesen for
mont y expended in the purchase and sale
ofgri in. The answer sets up that tbe
purcl ase and sales were not actual pur
chases or sales of grain, but were merely
colortble aiid were gambiius transactions
where the plaintiffs iu form undertook to
buy and sell on the Chicagu and Milwau
kee boards of trade ostensibly for future
deliveries, but without any intention or
expectation on tbe part of either party
thut ti.'e same would be actually delivered,
large quantities of wheat and barley with
the intention on the part of both parties
of watering on the market price.
Ttevtrsed tbe Lower ourt's Decision.
The .ower court held that the contract
was valid. The supreme court reverses
tbe decision, and holds in the syllabus
that contracts for the sale and delivery of
grain c r other commodities to be delivered
at a future day are not perse unlawful
when tae parties in good faith intend to
perforcj them according to their terms.
But coiitracts in form for future delivery
not intended to represent actual transac
tions, tat merely to pay and receive the
differetce between the agreed price and
the market pri;e at afutnre day, are in ti.e
nature jf wagers on the future price and
CH CAGO A BACK NUMBER.
Her Base I'.all "ine Seems to Have Lost
Its tirip Entirely.
Chicago, Oct. 3. The witnesses of tbe
Chicago Cincinnati game yesterday got
awfully tired before tbe seven innings
which it included were ended, the game
being ci lied owing to darkness. It was
another drop for Anson. It seems that
any club can beat the Colts now, and that
the famous team is a back number in
base bal.. Boston took in tbe Philadel
phia bojs nicely again and now has
23 points of a lead. Today closes the
League season and the cranks especially
tbe Chicago variety are glad of it; so is
Scores of the Experts.
Follow ng are yesterday's League
records: At Philadelphia Philadelphia,
b: Boston, 5. At Chicago Cincinnati,
17; Chicaco, 10. At New York New
York, 0; Brooklyn, 8. At Cleveland
Cleveland. 9; Pittsburg. 1.
Association: At Boston Boston, I;
Washington, 6. At St. Louis St. Louis,
13; Louisville, f At Baltimore Balti
more, 9; Athletic. 2. At Minneapolis
Milwaukee, 5; Columbus, 0.
RAIN WHERE IT ISN'T WANTED.
The Cnfortuuate North Dakota Farmer
fru Sering- Heavy Louses.
Jamestown, k. D., Oct. 3 All over
North Dal. ota there is disappointment
Tbe big crops are lying in tbe
fields about as they were tossed from the
binders. Bain has been pouring steadily
on the unprotected crop for many hours.
It is a drizzly, wet rain, that soaks every
thing and g ves no promise of abatement
Forty five or fifty millions of bushels of
wheat are out in tbe wet shocks, and
there is no telling when they will be
Only One Day's Thresh Ids; In Seven.
Never In the history of tbe state has tbe
crop been so lare, and never was its se
curity so jeopardized as now. It has been
raining more or less for a week past. But
one f ull day s threshing has been done in
seven days and tbe prospects n0 are for
several day more of enforced idleness.
Tbsrs has bsen lltlTe stacking done any
where. The crop seems to have been too
big for farmers to touch, except to wait
to put it through the separator as soon as
possible. Machine owners are behind
from ten days to a month in their date.
Bough, but Be Had to Submit.
Cincinnati, Oct. 8. Three months ago
August Lawrance arrived here fiom Col
orado with hib wife and five children, and
Mr. Lawrence began a prosperous busi
ness. Tuesday Mrs. Lawrence sent a no
tice to her husband requesting him to at
tend ber wedding that evening. Law
rence thought ber crazy, and going to the
house to sea what was wrong found a
marriage ceremony in progress. He was
furious, but had to subside when the
woman produ d a divorce obtained in
Colorado a year ago.
Internal Warfare in the Railway
FORTHWESTEBN STRIKE TJP AGAIN.1
Seme Members Determined That Wil
kinson and Sheaban Must Go- Uecaue
of Their Action Last May A State
ment of tbe Feeling; About tbe Matter
on Both Helev with a Review of the
Tronble Possibility of a Break-Up A
Critical Situation at Savannah, Oa.
. Chicago. Oct. 3 Internal warfare is
dow raging among tbe members of tbe
Brotherhood of Railway Trainmen, and a
pitched battle of the divided forces, with
arguments for ammunition, is expected
to take place at the convention to be held
at Galesburg next Monday. The dispute
results from the expulsion of the brother
hood from the Federation of Railway Em
ployes because of tbe action taken by the
trainmen in the switchmen's strike on
the Chicago and Northwestern railroad
last May. It was charged that Graud
Master S. E. Wilkinson and T. G. Shea
han had made a compact with the road 10
help it, so far as possible, whenever there
was a strike.
l ight on Wilkinson and Slieelian
Since the expulsion a conflict ha3 been
waging among the trainmen, which is to
ba settled one way or the other at Gales
burg. The federal ion demands the expul
sion of Wilkinson and Sheaban from the
brotherhood before it will re-admit the
trainmen to its fold. Grand Master Wil
kinson's friends are fighting hard for him,
and as most of tbe local branches of the
organization carried out his order during
tbe strike it is possible that tbe Brother
hood of Trainmen may decide to be au in
depeudeut association and retain tbe men
who have offended the federation.
Tbe Expected Did Not Occur.
When tbe switchmen quit work in the
yards of the Chicago and Northwestern
ri road last May all organizations t, -longing
to the Federation of Railro; d
Employes were expected to assist the
strikers In eery possible way. At that
time the conductors, switchmen, firemen,
brakemen an.l trainmen belonged to tbe
federation. All along the lines of the
road the switchmen struck, expeciing that
they would i cuieve an easy vie ory. What
was their surprise to learn that the train .
men bad gone to the re-cue and helped
their employers to switch every train
whi?h passed over the Chicago and North
western, (irand Master Wilkinson bad
issued an order to the members of the
Brotherhood of Trainmen that all should
turn the switches in order to prevent the
delay of trains.
Trainmen Helped the Company.
Every trail man worked, duringhisspare
time, to fight the switchmen, and one of
tbe strantest spectacles in the history of
organized labor was witnessed. Both or
ganizations belonged to a federation, tbe
constitution of which compelled members
to help oue another during a strike. Here
were the trainmen doing double work in
order to foil their brethren, and the
switchmen became furious as they saw
that the result would end in defeat for
themselves. The trainmen worked ardu
ously until tbe C. and N. W. tided over
tbe trouble. Tbe demands of tbe switch
men were entirely ignored and they were
at last compelled to capitulate without
Why They Aetd as They Did.
Tbe attitude of the trainmen was caused
by what they claimed was tbe arbitrary
aud unjust action of the switchmen in
precipitating a strike. By the constitu
tion of the federation none of the organi
zations could strike except b the consent
of tbe whole. It was claimed that the
switchmen had deliberately set at defiance
tbe laws not only of the federation, but
of their own association. The trainmen
claimed that the strike was ordered by a
certain division of tbe Switchmen's asso
ciation without regard to tbe feelings of
the mnjority. This in itself was consid
ered sufficient trangression. But when
as a branch of the federated body the
switchmen demanded that the conductors,
firemen and trainmen should help iu the
strike, the latter rose up and refused to
Rid them iu the struggle.
The Question To Be Decided.
The question to be decided at Galesburg
next week is the expulsion of Wilkinson
and Sheaban for the continued defiance of
tbe federation. There is dissension among
ttie trainmen, and it is thought that Grand
Master Wilkinson's will be expelled. The
switchmen think that if by any chance
the Galesburg convention shall indorse
Grand Master Wilkinson's action in the
Chicago and Northwestern strike tbe
brotherhood will be broken up and those
who favor federation will form another
organization. The convention promises
to be full of trouble for tbe trainmen.
Dissension within tbe ranks has caused
bitter personal feelings, and with pressure
from without there will be a hard fight.
BALL CARTRIDGES FOR STRIKERS.
Savannah, Ga., Makes Onimeus Prepa
ration for Labor Troubles.
Savannah, Oct. 3 Savannah expects
trouble as a result of the great strike and
has prepared for it by swearing in a large
number of special policemen. Thursday
night large details of well-armed men
were placed at the several armories to
prevent any attempt that strikers might
make to obtain tbe arms and ammunition
stored there. There is a general feeling
of apprehension, aud it is feared a dis
turbance may occur at any moment.
Will Protect the New Men.
Several hundred white laborers are to be
brought from New York, and other points
to take the places of the strikers. The
new men "ill be protected no matter at
what cost, Twenty thousand ball car
tridges nave been distributed among the
military, and tbe police and authorities
have no fear that they will not be able to
speedily suppress any discord. The finan
cial loss to the city is enormous.
Will Probably Demand Eight Hours.
Columbus. O., Oct. 3. The national
executive committee of the United Mine
workers is in session in this city. It is
rumored that tbe eight-hour day will be
demanded Oct 15 next.
Is Blaine Still a Sick Man?
Ottawa, Ont , Oct. 3. Lord Stanley,
governor general, received intimation
from Washington Thursday that Presi
dent Harrison requested a postponement
of the reciprocity conference arranged to
take place in that city Oct. 12 bet ween
representatives of tbe Dominion and tbe
United States. The reason given tor the
postponement is tbe continued ill-health
of Secretary Blaine. - "
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