Newspaper Page Text
THE ARGUS, TUESDAY, OCTOBER G, 1891.
FsblU&ed Duly and Weekly tt 1634 Beeond Ar
cane, Rock lrlaod. Hi.
J. W. POTTCB. "
THE AUGUS. I ' N- .f- I H u A : '""il :
Daily, COe per month; Weekly, $3.00
All eommnnications of a critical or argumenta
tive character, political or religious, man have
real name attached for poblication No inch arti
tlclee will be printed over nctitions signatures
Aiionymoae commanicstioijs not noticed.
Correspondence solicited from erery township
la Bock Island county.
Tcesoat. October 6, 1891.
THE HORSE CENSUS AND DUTIES.
Largs Domestic Sale and Small Import.
A Worthies. Duty Where It Hurt.
A recent census bulletin staotrs that
the number of horses in the United
States in 1890 was 14.976,017, and that
during the year 1889 the number of
horses sold was 1,309,557.
Last year McKinley raised the duties
on hones under the pretense that such
action would help the American farmer.
Under the old tariff all horses paid a
uniform duty of 20 per cent. McKinley
raised this to SO per cent, on all horses
worth $150 or more, and on horses worth
less than that the dnty was fixed at
thirty dollars a head.
These figures of themselves might in
dicate that our farmers were being sub
jected to "ruinous foreign competition."
But the treasury reports show that last
year we imported only SS.249 horses
paying duty. What do these imports
amount to against the sales of 1,309,557
domestic horses? They are not a drop
In the bucket.
But McKinley's high duty is cutting
down the importation of horses, the
number coming in and paving duties
during the fiscal year ended June 30, be
ing only 15,990. Of course this has not
resulted in raising the price of American
grown horses, for the number imported
has been too insignificant. But if the
price were raised, what would be the
effect on the agricultural classes thein
elves? Taking the whole country over,
it is certain that not one farmer in fifty
raises horses for the market, yet nearly
dl farmers are buyers of horses at some
time. How could higher prices for
horses help farmers.?
But there is one country in which
McKinley's horse dnty is severely felt.
In Texas and Xew Mexico the Mexican
mustang is a very useful little least,
with many people an almost indispensa
ble one. Mustangs can be bought in
Mexico in any number at ten dollars
Apiece, In 1890 more than half (20,471) of
ur imported horses were brought from
Mexico, and the valuation was slightly
less than ten dollars a head.
Now a thirty dollar duty on a ten dol
lar horse is a manifest absurdity, as well
as a rank injustice. It means the twtal
prohibition of the only kind of horses
that the poorest class of people in the
southwest could buy. The effect of this
harsh restriction was 6een soon after it
went into operation in the very curious
form of smuggling that it gave rise to.
Americans bought up a herd of mus
tangs in Mexico and drove them across
the border into the United States. The
animals were seized by the custom house
officer and sold at auction, the original
purchasers buying them a second time,
and thus saving a large part of the duty.
Reciprocity and the Tariff Yf all.
' The Spanish-American Commercial
company recently held its annual meet
ing in Chicago. In reporting this meet
ing The Industrial World, a high tariff
trade paper, remarks:
"Flattering reports were presented by
the officers as to the prospects for open
ing up the Spanish countries to the
products of American manufacturers
eince the organization of the company
one year ago. A great deal has been
done toward introducing the wares of
American manufacturers to the Spanish
American merchants. The company has
the exclusive agency in South America,
Central America, Spanish West Indies
And Mexico for the goods of a number of
Chicago's largest manufacturers. The
greatest competition comes from English
merchants who have been long estab
lished in that section. The superiority
of goods of American manufacture is so
apparent that the English dealers are
being driven from the field.
'The long credit system which former
ly prevailed has been supplanted in a
great part by the short time and low
price plan of our own manufacturers.
Reciprocity with Brazil has opened up a
new market for the American manufac
turer, and the company reports the re
ceipt of many inquiries from that coun
try, with every prospect of a very large
trade resulting. Spanish-American pa
pers on file at the company's office indi
cate a general desire on the part of the
South American nations for closer inter
course with the United States.
"The officers of the company are en
thusiastic over the possibilities that lie
in the path of manufacturers of every
description ot goods, if the Spanish
American market is properly looked
All of which reads very curiously in
the lif ht of ex-Czar Reed's utterances on
reciprocity. Here is what he said:
As to reciprocity, that is an attempt
to carry on commerce by diplomacy.
Two secretaries strike a bargain with
each other for their respective states.
Bat the commercial world can only do
business on great commercial principles,
not on correspondence between state de
partments. Then, again, if we must have
a tariff to protect our business in New
York city, how can we compete with the
same rivals after we have shipped our
goods to some distant republic in South
America? If we cannot compete on
equal terms here it is preposterous to
Buppose that we can there. And it is
equally preposterous to suppose that our
neighbors will keep up a discrimination
against other nations in our behalf.
Cheap loans by the R ick Is! in J Mutual
Building, Loan & Ssvirg? association at
tbeir meeting Tuesday eve-nine, Oct. G. at
7:30. Rooms Id acd 20 Mitchell &
Take stock in the 83ih series, opened
Oct. 1, 1891. . . H. Guieb, Sec'y.
SEWER GAS IN THE HOUSEHOLD.
A l ime When Fever Are Frequent and
One Probable Cause of Them.
It is a well known fact, to which an ex
chaige calls attention, that many people,
after spending the summer away from
boa e, are on their return taken down with
fever. Some of the reasons for this are
known to ns, but probably there are many
yet to be discovered. An unmistakable
cause is found in many city homes which
are hhut up for months, during a portion
of which time they are filled with sewer
gas. Very few, indeed, have the traps un
der their sinks sealed up when they leave
home, nor are they filled during their ab
sence Of course the water in them soon
evaporates, and there is no longer any ol
strui-tion ajrainst the free passage through
them of gas from the sewer. With this
perv iding a bouse there is certainly a bad
outlook for its returning tenants, lu such
a co idition it ought to undergo fumiga
tion; if that remedy is not applied, then ail
that is left is thorough airing of nil the
rooms and everything therein, with cur
tains up to admit every possible ray of
sunlight. And the longer the wiixlotrs are
kept open the better. A house infected by
sewer gas is scarcely likely to be made
safe, even by thorough ventilatiou, unless
it is r rolonged for days and days.
Do Trees Strain Out Bacteria?
The Sanitary Inspector descri'oes some
I nvest igations made by Seratini and Arata
to determine the correctness of the belief
that tbe foliage of trees has some influence
in Gliering out tbe bacterial contents of
the at nosphere. Their method of procedure
was to determine the number ot bacteria in
air under motion before and after it had
reached the woods. The barometrical pres
sure, !irection and strength of the wind,
temperature at the edge and in the midst
of the woods, humidity audrai nfall were
all taken into consideration. As tbe num
ber of observations was only forty, the ia
vestic.vtors give the results with some re
serve; nevertheless, they believe that they
are justified in affirming that forests do
exercise the power of straining out the
bacteria that are brought to them by the
Tuisan Id Moldy Bread.
The mold of bread, according to a for
eign jo irnal, is a veritable poison for man
and beast, as witness the following in
stances: In las three peasants father,
mother and little girl of five years of age
ate. after having carefully cleaned, some
bread CDvered with green mold. They all
three tecame very ill, and the little girl
died. In 1872 two pigs and a horse were
poisonel by moldy bread. In 1S73 eight
persons who nte pudding made with moldy
bread were poisoued, and two died. In
ISS1, in the Second Hussars at Oran, there
was some bread so damaged that the sol
diers tl rew it away. Some horses ate a
part and became seriously ill. one of them
being paralyzed. It is easy, however, to
avoid using this bread. Sight suffices, and
at need can be aided by smeil and taste.
To prepare lime water for use in milk,
pnt a lump about the size of an egg in a
glass bo- tie (a fruit jar is convenient), add
water until the lime is slaked and of the
consistency of cream. The lime settles to
the bottom, leaving the water clear. Three
or four tablespoonfulsof this may be added
to a gob.et of milk.
THE - SCIENCE OF BANNERS.
Of Inter it to the "Woman Who In an tn
tried Spbera Fears for Her Etiquette.
"Many a good soul gives herself great
uneasiness upon being called into a new
sphere of action, either through increase of
wealth or through the bnsband's election
to office or because of promotion in any
way, or cm occasion of a visit among those
with whom much social usage has rubbed
away corners and angles and who know
just what to do and how to do it at every
point, and who, she fears, will either be
mortified bv ber ignorance of the lesser de
tails, or will scorn her ignorance, and her
self with it."
Harper's Bazar, which thus describes a
a common social difficulty, then gives the
following. id vice: "There is aa excedingly
ready and short way out of every difficulty
of tbe sort, for if the embarrassed individ
ual of whc m we speak will take tbe trouble
to reflect upon tbe various dicta of the reg
ulations ct ncerning which she feels herself
uninformel, and which have seemed loher
only a trar. and pitfall for the unwary, she
will come to the conclusion that none will
ingly hamr themselves with useless or
capricious rules, which would only involve
their own (iiscomfort, and that it is there
fore to be supposed that every one of these
lesser details has sprung into being to an
swer a neec, to make things easier, to spare
people's fe -lings, prejudices or exertions.
That she mast not break an engagement
to dine, let ns say, is not simply because
she must never break any promise, but be
cause doing so will disarrange the whole
affair and make awkwardness and incon
venience for those that iave been so kind
as to ask her to their table. That on
calling ceremoniously on one member
of a boustbold, who is so either tem
porarily or permanently, she should leave
ber card, or ask for the lady who is tbe
head of the bouse, even if quite indifferent
as to whether she sees her or not, is not tbe
command ol an idle piece of hypocrisy, but
is to be done both because the courtesy is
due to the person whose threshold is
crossed, and because it makes the circum
stances easy for tbe person on whom the
call is really made, avoiding any disturb
ance or jealousy. That she may not refuse
an invitatioL from one and accept it from
another is n A a rule for the arbitrary cur
tailment of ler liberty and pleasure, but is
one made for tbe sake of sparing the sensi
bilities of the one whose invitation is not
accepted. It deed, we might go through
the whole list, of tbe things to be done and
not to be dons, and although one might be
appalled by -.heir extent and number, yet,
upon searching into them, one would find
that a single authority controlled them
the authority that is behind all good man
ners tbe authority of tbe Golden Kule.
They are the finest ladies, they are the
gentlemen most without reproach, in rela
tion to mannt rs, whose whole behavior is
modeled only upon the intention of doing
to others as they would have others do to
OLD ENGLISH EMBROIDERY. VA )a
Tbe Symbolism Which Lent Its Peculiar
Charm to the Embroiderer's Art.
Tbe most ancient examples of em broidery
that are preserved to us or of which we
have any record are distinctly symbolic.
The four winged cherubim standing on a
wheel is a very early symbol of tbe Chris
tian church. It appears under various
modifications; the symbolism of the figure
is described in the first chapter of Rzekiel.
This symbol appears under endless niotlifl
cations until the close of the Fifteenth cen
tury. It is distinctly one of the character
istic allegorical decoratious of early Hug
hs!) work. The eagle displayed is another
emblem of very frequent occurrence on
ecclesiastical vestments of the Middle Ages,
and seems to have been of considerable an
tiquity. It may have been allusive in tbe
first instance to the eagle mentioned by
Kzekiel, but it also had another, signifi
cation. It was always an emblem of power
and supremacy. Homer calls it the bird of
Birds of prey have always been regarded
as omens of good or evil, but the birds most
venerated in the age of chivalry were the
swan and the peacock. Around these gather
romantic associations, and we may bequite
sure whenever we meet with them and we
meet with them continually in relics of
the Middle Ages, that there is some touch
ing or chivalrous story conuected with
them. We find examples of the swan and
the peacock mingled with the heraldic de
vices of knights and noble families in the
embroidery-of the age of chivalry The
romances of the period abound with refer
ences to the "vowis of pecok and swr.n."
The swan and the peacock were deemed
royal birds and emblems of royalty before
prowess. The great warrior kings and their
knights made their solemn vows of dedica
tion or enterprise by the God of heaven and
the royal birds.
Other birds are frequently introduced
symbolically. Parrots are represented in
ecclesiastical work in connection with the
wise men of tbe Epiphany and gifts from
Saba. They were fabled to have whispered
to the Queen of Saba the doings of Solo
mon and brought around their necks letters
from him. They appear on the vestments
of old St. Paul's. Wherever met with,
they have an eastern significance, and de
note wealth and greatness, with an espe
cial reference to the glory of Solomon or
the gifts of the magi.
The Star of Bethlehem often appears in
connection with them, overtopping the
Islam badge of the crescent moon on the
blazons of the crusaders. The swau was
also employed as a symbol of stainless pu
rity and majestic beauty in women, and
was therefore often represented in connec
tion with the virgin. There are examples
of swans with women's heads, and they
often occur on orfrays of the Fourteenth
Mommies of Egyptian Klncs-
In 1SS4 a number of mummies, believed
to be those of royal personages, were found
near Thebes, Egypt. They were removed
to tbe Boulak museum, where they were
examined one by one by Mr. Maspero, the
director general of tbe excavations and an
tiquities of Egypt, assisted by other arco
jeologists. Jan. 1, 1SS6, the mummy of
Rameses II was unbandaged. Theidentity
of the mummy was attested by the official
entries bearing dates of the reigns of tbe
high priests nnder whom they were made,
written on tbe lid of the wooden mummy
case, and also on the outer winding sheet
of tbe mummy.
Rameses II was the "Pharaoh of the
Oppression," who made the lives of the
children of Israel "bitter with hard bond
age, in mortar and in brick, and in all
manner of service in the field," and who
ordered that all tbe men children of the
Hebrews should be killed to prevent the
strengthening of the captive race. Tbe
mummy is described as being well pre
served and giving a good idea of the king's
appearance when alive. The forehead is
low and narrow, the eyebrows thick and
white, the eyes small and close together,
the nose long, thin and hooked, tbe cheek
bones prominent, the mouth thick lipped
and firm set, and tbe jaw bones massive
and strong. Inter-Ocean.
Catherine Do Medici and Her Stockings.
Every, one, at least every one who is a
woman, knows that "Thou shalt not wear
wrinkled and untidy hose," is the first and
great commandment in tbe woman's deca
logue its violation tbe one unpardonable
sin. The woman with wrinkled stockings,
like the man who cheats at cards, is de
spised and dishonored by-ber kind. But
how many women know that it was a
great lady who originated this test of worn
anly virtue, and that the lady was no less
a personage than she of the stately collars
Catherine de Medici? Up to her time
stockings were worn wrinkled upon the
ankle like evening gloves, and what dreary
days it must have been for thin ladies of
her court when this royal and donbtless
shapely sovereign insisted on smooth, trim
Meaning of the Word Nosegay.
Here is an old derivation of the word
nosegay: "As to the latter part of the
word nosegay, it is so transformed in sight
and signification that only such a judicious
writer and etymologist as Cleland would
have traced it to its original." In his Celtic
vocabulary, page 2. be says: "Gay, applied
to nosegay, comes from the Erse tongue, in
which geach signifies a bough or bunch of
flowers, which might be held to the nose."
Webster's substantially follows the
above and The Century literally, a pretty
thing to smell; nose added to gay, a bunch
of flowers used to regale the sense of smell,
a posy, a bouquet. It certainly is not in
form to call a formally made bouquet a
nosegay, says tbe Florists' Exchange.
Many curious incidents are related In
the early diaries showing tbe social life of
old English towns at the commencement
of the century. From these diaries it is
learned that it was once customary to pre
sent the mayor of the town, on grand occa
sions, such as an assize, with a dagger,
actually for his defense. Tbe custom had
ceased by this time, but tbe remembrance
remained in the fact of the continued pay
ment of a sum of money aa "dagger
Tulips and Carnations.
The tulip was Introduced into England
before 1577 from Vienna. Elizabeth as
cended the throne 1558, reigned till 1603, so
that tulips would have been growing in
England in her time. Carnations were
brought over from Poland before 1597, ac
cording to an English writer, who adds
that the rose was the special emblem of the
bouse of Tudor.
Bring in the BOYS and GIRLS and we will fit
em out with good, solid, serviceable
shoes that will
BOSTON SHOE STORE,
1623' Second Ave., under Rock Island House.
P. S. BIG NEW LINE OP SCHOOL SHOES.
$100 Rward $100.
The readers of the Arocs will be pleased
to learn that there is at Its-1 one dreaded
disease that science hts been able to cure
in all its stages, and that is catarrh.
Hali's Catarrh Cure is the only pasitive
cure now known to the medical fraternity.
Catarrh being a constitutional disease, re
quires a constitutional treatment. Hall's
Catarrh Cure is taken internally, acting
directly upon tbe blood and mucous sur
faces of the system, thereby destroying
the foundation of tbe disease, and giving
the patient strength by building up the
constitution. and kBsisting nature in doing
its work. The proprietors have so much
faith in i'.S curative powers, that they
offer one hundred dollars for any case
that it fails to cure. Send for list of tes
F. J. Cheexkt & Co.. Toledo, O.
Sold by druggists, 75c
Good looks are more than skin deep,
depending upon a healthy condition of all
the vital organs. If tbe liver be inactive,
you have a bilious look, if your stomach
be disordered you have a dyspeptic look
and if your kidneys be affected you have
a pinched look. Secure good health and
you will have good looks. Electric Bitters
is tbe great alterative and tonic acts
directly on these vital orcans. Cures
pimples, blotches, boils and gives a gocd
complexion. Sold at Hartz & Babnsen's
drug store, 60c. per bottle.
Is Comampttm Ineara&s.
Read the following: Mr. C. H. Mor
ris, Newark, Ark., says: "Was down
with Abscess of Langs, and friends and
physicians pronounce 1 me an Incurable
Consumptive. Began taking Dr. King's
New Discovery for Consumption, am
now on my third bottle, and able to over
see the work on my farm. It is the finest
medicine ever made."
Jesse Middlewart, Decatur, Ohio, says
"Had it not been for Dr. King's New
Discovery for Consumption I would have
died of lung troubles. Was given up by
doctors. Am now in best of health."
Try it. Sample bottles free at Hartz &
BahnBen's drug store.
BUC2XSS'S AJSNICA &1LYB.
The best salve in the world for cats,
bruises, eores, ulcers, salt rheum, fever
sores, tetter, chapped hands, chilblains,
corns and all ekin eruptions, and posi
tively cures piles, or no pay required. It
is guaranteed to give perfect satisfaction
or money refunded. Price 25 cents per
box. For sale bv Hartz & Bahnsen.
Fcr Over Iifty Tears
Mrs. Winslow's Soothing Syrup has
been used by millions of mothers for
their children while teething. If dis
turbed at night and troken of your res
by a sick child suffering and crying with
pain of cutting teetb send at once and get
a bottle of "Mrs. Wicslow's Soothing
Syrup" for children teething. It will re
lieve the poor little sufferer immediately.
Depend upon it, mothers, there is no mis
take about it. It cures diarrhoea, regu
lates tbe stomach and bowels, cures wind
colic, softens tbe gums, reduces inflamma
tion and gives tone and energy to the
whole system, "Mrs Winslow's Soothing
Syrup" for children teething is pleasant
to the taste and is the prescription of one
of the oldest and beet female physicians
and nurtej in the United States. Sold by
all druggists throughout tbe world. Price
twenty-five cents a bottle. Be sure and
ask for "Mrs. Winslow's Soothing Sirup
To Rsrvoai ana fitbliaud Ken.
If you will send me your address we
will mail you our illustrated pamphlet
explaining all about Dr. Dye's celebrated
electro voltaic belt acd appliances, and
their charming effects upon the nervous
dabilitated system, and bow they will
quickly restore jou to vigor, manhood
and health. Pamphlet fiee. If you are
thus afflicted, we will send you a belt and
appliances on trial.
Voltaic Bum Co.. Marshall. Mich.
California Farm Product.
Cost of production : Net profits: given
by a thousand farmers. Also hundreds
of que 6tioo8 answered about California.
Sent free on applicatioa to A. Phillips &
Co , 105 Clark stwet, Cbicsgo, III., or
296 Washington street, Boston, Mass.
Peach ice cream made from fresh rioe
peaches at Krell & Math's.
We have a most
at very popular pric s.
: Shirt Factory :
We are now prepared to take
your measure and make
Prices as Low as the Lowest.
Also all kinds of
EE PAIRING DONE
1609 Second Avenue, Rock Island.
Over Looslej's Crockery store.
MISS KATE BYRNES.
Hats, Fine Embroideries,
Flower.", t Hke,
Ostrich Gxd(, Velvete,
Ribbons, Straw Braid?.
Laces, Veilings, Gilt Trimmings
Jet and Gilt Ornaments,
1709 Second avenue,
-ALL KINDS OF-
Cast Iron Work
done, A specialty of t nrnishlcg aL kinds
of Stoyes with CaeUnge at 8 oents
A MACHINE SHOP
has been added where all kinds of machine
work will b done flrat-clara.
NINTH 8T. AND 7th AVE.
DOWNING BROS, i Propts.
John Volk 6c Co.,
8ash, Doors. Blinds, Siding. Flooring,
and all kinds of wood work for builders.
Elanteeath 8t bet. Third and Foam ares.
Z oww l n UAROTll
Chicago, Minneapolis and St. Pl
Via tb Famous Albert L- TW.. I
St. Louis, Minneapolis and St. Pa. I
Through Sleepers and ChairCanl
KANSAS CITY. MINNEAPOLIS AND ST.PUL
PEORIA, CEDAR RAPIDS AND SIOUX FALLS. W.I
CHICACO AND CEDAR RAPIDS
Via the F.-iisou Altrt La Ekh.
THE SHORT LINE
SPIRIT LAKE T
The Great Iowa Summer Kescr. I
For Railway aiid H"M Kat-s. Pwcsr-I
i ainpltlets ami ali mf"nn:iti"n. i"lrai
POR CHEAP HOWIES
On line of tin's rnart in Noni:wKtrni .
Southeastern Mimit-ot;t aiM Cental las,
where dri".t:lit unit crop l:iil irs atr-miar.
Thousands ol chour a'-rvs ol fc.d vn am.
Loral Excursion rate g:en. 1 f i! nJ'is-1
turn as to prices of laud ami rat; - ii lire.
Gen'l Ticket ami Passeno-r Ac: i
Ail of the Passencer Trim ihi ii! Piwe :
tins Railway are "he;itt-i !" stcuii inn A
engine, and the Main Line Itav Paccgtrlasl
are ngnieu m mi tite tiecmc
Mai.s. Time Tallies. Tlirim -li Kates and ill
formation furnished on aiitiiiratii'li l' 4JI
Tirkets on sale over this mute at a'J womI
fioints in the l nion. ami t-y its Ara.ts.ti i
nartcof the 1'iiifei siTe a:A i.th'ia.
eFor aniiDUUeeiii'Dts of Eci3sfc
and local matter of inter--t. pkaxiefafci!
local column? 01 mi; ui- r.
C. J. IVES. J. E. HtNNEC'k
Vn t Gen'l Sui t. ( : I.i
CEDAR RAPIDS. IOWA.
TO THE AFFLIOTQ!
VTb e r.T t- 'r i-f-M qra-f vjr. Of
Bediral in-ittveuti-.n Wlt'-
iWeK' e...'l TI.e I c;::t '
lams.ai'Iiv ..;::i- I -r-,r c
I VUitO pi tit -.l,J
l.. sa i.f y. -i. ir. Iks.v:-!"?..
HIUULt;AbtLiMtK:,;ai: - :u,
ne? nnd BTaUr tn.uM vx.. v
if Trpntment a i-rt V. (Vriom a:- N,-t
i L .- .t-
seminal pastilles. ' -"S
nal l:tW;.-ftwh..v. RtcTtvl--diverted'
rcr.ar"5 n-r rrT, "
than mar fa :.:. r.- a'V-l
1 a:! .r mj t !
WildariP private pr:ictv. !V
SPECIFIC H0.8I I;.'""!'. - :
Call or write f.rrCa'ri'"-'"'!.!----
THE PtRU CHEKICM.C0.
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