Newspaper Page Text
THE AUG US, FKIDAY, OOToJJEli 10, 1891.
FabHabed Duly ud Weekly at 134 Second At
nne. Bock laland, 111.
J. w. Potter.
-Daily, Wc per month; Weekly, JS.00
AH commnnlottonR of a critical or argnmentav
ttw character, political or religiose, most have
raal nan attached for publication No auch arti
tfclea will be printed over fictiiiooa signatures -ABonyaaons
communication not noticed.
Oorreepondenca eoliclted from erery township
a Hock Island county.
Friday, Cciobkb :6 1891.
Accobdiko to the dog ceneus there are
33,116 unlicensed done in New York.
The major will try to collect f 2 apiece
Ths London Times has just published
ita first harvest estimate of British crops.
The conclusion is that this has been the
worst harvest for 40 years.
Thb Peoria Hersld suggests that it -is
hardly necessary for anyone to worry
about conflicting republican candidates
for governor. "The Illinois state
democratic convention will nominate Fi
ler's successor next year."
Tod Is to a more or less extent a costly
feeing from the time you open your eves
.until you close them "on the last scene
of all," death. It costs something to
live and a Rood deal to die; in fact,
everything costs Some one estimates
that getting born costs the people of the
United States f 250.000,000 annually,
getting it axried, f3O0.C0O.O0O, and get
ting buried 75,OOO.C03.
Davespoht Democrat: Congressman
Cable, of Rock Islaffd, is determined at
whatever cost to give the people of that
city pure water. Mr. Cable's father was
one of the benefactors of Hock Island.
He furnished the money to build the
present water works of that city. Carry
ing out the evident intention of his father
Congressman Cable is generously looking
to it that a perfect system of wholesome
water supply is secured. It is hoped that
Rock Iklsrd will be as fortunate as Dav
enport has been in getting an abundant
supply of the most wholesome article.
Mouse . Republican Journal: The
Rock Island Utiion is mistaken if it
thinks its policy of attemping to put up
Gefit for attorney general is not under
stood by the republicans of Moline and
elsewhere. If Gest is nominated for at
torney general it will deprive Rock Island
county of all chance of having a republi
can candidate for congress next year.
The Gest organ's announcement follows
closely upon the rumor that Moline re
publicans are likely to propose a candi
date for the latter office, and it looks as if
the Union's action is governed by the
"anything to beat Moline" spirit.
Tex resignation of Eon. Henry W.
Blair, of New Hampshire, as envoy ex
traordinary and minister plenipotentiary
to China has just been accepted by Presi
dent Harrison, with appropriate expres
sions of regret and esteem. The New
York Sun comments as folio we:
Mr. Blair was appointed and confirmed
in February last. For reasons well known
to everybody, it has been his fortune to
exercise the functions of his office at
Washington rather than at Prkin. For
nearly eight months he has been, as a
minister, decidedly more extraordinary
tnan plenipotentiary. ills func
Uons have - been confined to draw
ing his salary and signing the
receipts for the same. There has been
an attempt on the part of some of Mr.
Blair's friends to give the impression that
be has conscientiously refused to receive
91,000 a month from the government as
pay for work which Minister Denby was
performing. In the absence of conclusi re
evidence we cannot credit this report. If
Mr. Blair has not bad the salary in view,
why has he remained in office for eight
months? Certainly not from public spirit
or lor giory.
At all eyents, the Hon. Henry W.
Jttiair, released at list from omcul cares,
is st liberty to turn his attention to the
suppression of the rum traffic on the high
seas; and may good luck attend him!
Chief Bucbacak of the Word's Colum
bian Exposition liye stock depsrtmec
has sent out about 8. COO copies of the
liye stock premium list to the various
fair and breeders' associations of the
country, and is rtceiving responses which
show that the live stock exhibit at the ex
position will be something tremendous
Besides the large premiums offered by the
exposition for live stock exhibit, all the
various breeders' associations are offering
large prizes, notably for shorthorns
Herefords and Jerseys. As an evidence
of the widespread interest taken in
live stock show A . Mscsell, of Shrop
shire, England, offers s prise of f 500 for
the best American bred Shropshire ram
The state of Illinois offers tl 0,000 I
premiums for live stock; the Clydesdale
horse breeders offer (5,000 extra prizes;
the cattle associations offer extra prizes
as follows: Galloway, 13.000; shorthorn.
f,0C0; Hereford. (5 000; Jersey, $16.
000, and Holstein, 10,000. The swine,
sheep and dog breeders also offir xtn
money prizes. The money pr'zs to t
paid for live stock will amount to $250,
000 or more, wnicb, of course, includes
the sum of $150,000 voted by the exposi
tion company for premiums in that
partment. The exposition building
the accon modation of live stock
cover 80 acres.
BRIGHT HOPES BLASTER
' PROTECTION " FOR
NEW YORK HOP GROWERS.
They Raahed to Him for Protection and
Now Prices Are Lower Why the Dnty
Does Not Help Wo Export Hope The
Fanner Not In It.
Somehow protection for the farmer
never seems to work. There are hops,
for example. Last year the hop grow
ers of New York state went to Washing
ton to get a higher duty, claiming that
they were suffering disastrous competi
tion from German hops. lhe Hop
Growers' association of Madison, Oneida,
Otsego, Franklin and Schoharie conn
ties had representatives before the Mc-
Kinley committee to ask for a duty of
twenty cents a pound, the duty being
then eight cents. They succeeded in
fretting a duty of fifteen cents a pound,
( nd today they are selling their hops at
considerably lower prices than prevailed
st the time when they were before Mo-
And why? Well, we produce more
hops than we consume at home, and we
e rport a large quantity every year and
the crop this year is very large. One of
the very men who pleaded so earnestly
ft r a higher duty admitted that he sold
his entire crop in London and got 17
ce nts a pound net, while he was offered
oi.ly eleven cents a pound in New York.
Still he wanted "protection from Ger
man hops, although he boasted that he
hd "shipped to England, right on the
open London market, and competed and
got four cents a pound more than any
Gt rman hops in the London market."
How "protection could help him in
ruoh a case he did not explain.
And protection has not helped the hop
growers. It was stated before the Mo
Kialey committee in March, 1S90, that
thtpriceof American hops was then from
fifteen to twenty cents a pound; they are
quoted today in the New York market
at from thirteen to seventeen cents, and
pri.s have been going down of late.
Tho crop has been ranch larger than was
estimated, and as the surplus has to be
expDrted it is very natural that prices
sho ild drop.
This state of things has had a de
pressing effect upon the growers. One
of them writes to The Cultivator and
Country Gentleman to suggest that
wt at is wanted is a thoroughly organ
ized society, with laws like those of the
Medes and Persians, and perfect unity
of action," in order that the growers
may make "good sales at paying prices."
"One thing more, says this corre-
sponlent, "does the grower stop to con
sider that when he takes fifteen cents
for his hops and nrges them upon the
dealt r at that price, he is taking just
the amount of the protective tariff? He
woull not, when the tariff was eignt
cents, have been in a hurry about taking
that sum; he wonld have hesitated,
thinking that he certainly should have a
margin over the price foreign hops could
be lrx ported for.
Tfcit protection has not helped the hop
growers is perfectly natural. Let any
one examine our exports and imports for
the pjist twelve years:
Export Lbs. Imports Lbs.
1880 - 9,739,500 857.S73
1881. 8,SM,655 C5.42S
1882 5.867.aG3 874.K8
1883 TJilTjaS 1.977.713
1884 11,787,368 1.3U.VIB
1885 !3Jil2,(tiS 2,i,0IS
136 8373.865 13.011,.
1887 4.894.1X8 8,168.713
1888 10.241,315 ,Ha8.85
1889 10.tftS.544 8.551,104
1890 7.540.854 8,446,973
1891 8,738.030 4,019.603
With such a large exportation it is
folly to imagine that a dnty on the
small quantity imported can raise the
prices of the domestic product One fact
can be stated which is absolutely con
clusive on this point. The hops import
ed in inOO were invoiced at the average
price of only sixteen cents a pound; this
year ths price was forty-two cents; and,
furthermore, we imported 2,500,000 less
in 1S91 than in 1890. Just the condition
of thinfrs that the hop growers wanted
to bring about fewer foreign hops at
much l.igher prices in order to raise the
prices of their own product But, alas,
prices hive fallen, for on articles which
we expert largely a tariff is not worth
the papt r it is written on.
Germ in hops sell in our markets reg
ularly tt from ten to twenty cents a
pound higher than the American for the
simple reason that hops have different
Savors, and to make certain kinds of
beer th brewers must have German
hops. It is purely a question of flavor;
the quality of the hops is not involved.
The brewers themselves admitted in
Washington that American hops are
quite as good as foreign. Hence they
use only about one-tenth as many for
eign hope as American.
And thus the bright hopes that the
hop growers built npon the McKinley
tariff have been blasted. The farmer is
distinctly "not in it" .
In 18C3, when a high protective tariff
had just been put on wool in order to en
conrage wool growing, there were 2,591,'
000 sheep in Iowa. In 1890, after twenty'
two years of protection, and after the
population of the state hmi increased
more than three fold, the number of
sheep had fallen off to 475.000 a loss of
more than two million sheep. The popu
lation of the state has increased three
fold, the sheep have decreased four
fifths. If the tai-iff is "taxing somebody else's
property," why did McKiuley throw
away $50,0 W.OOO per year that foreign
ers were paying into our treasury as a
tax on raw sugar? Ought he not to have
retained th.tt tax to pension the numer
ous laborers that have been striking for
higher waes and against wage reduc
tions since bis great "American tariff
bill" was passed?
An order for 50,000.000 feet of yellow
pine lumber has been given by the (ier
man govern nent to Louisiana and Mis
sissippi mill . And yet our precious Mo
Kinleyites l'ancy that their humbug
luty on lumber "protects" the American
forests and American sawmills!
The Cmnses of thai Pitting; of Boiler Plate
nil a. Simple Preventive.
Grooving is often found in boilers around
the stay bolts of water legs or furnaces,
radiating from the bolts aa centers. Tbe
plates probably bend backward and for
ward slightly under the varying pressures.
and though the flexure and consequent al
teration of the surface may be too small to
be seen, it may be great enough to start In
cipient cracks and open up the Irou to the
action of the water.
An instance of pitting, which seems to
be due to this cause, is descrilted and illus
trated by The Ijocomotive as follows: "The
pieces which the cuts represent were cut
from a horizontal tubular boiler forty
eight inches in diameter, which had beou
in use about six years in a nail works. The
plates were of steel, one quarter of an iucb
thick and the boiler was set over a blast
furnace, the waste gases from which are
Used in the place of fuel. Tbe lap from
which these pieces were cut came directly
over the vertical flue through wbich the
furnace gases were admitted to the boiler.
FIO. I A PITTED PLATS (OUTSR LAr).
"Naturally there were great and sudden
variations in the temperature to which the
lap was exposed, and the expansion and
contraction of the plates at tbe lap must
hare been sudden and violent At one mo
ment steam would be blowing off freely at
ninety pounds, and a few minutes after
ward the gauge would show only forty
pounds. The plates, being' light would
readily transmit heat through to the wa
ter, while the lap, being thicker, would
not part with its heat so readily, and there
would frequently be a considerable differ
ence in temperature between the lap and
the plates, which would cause the adjacent
parts of the plates to twist and buckle
slightly. Water would enter the small
fissures so produced and attack the metal,
a fresh surface of which would be contin
ually exposed, and the higher and more
varied the temperature became the more
active would be the buckling and corrosion.
Such changes in pressure would natu
rally be accompanied by slight changes in
tbe form of the boiler. The lap being
stiffer than the plates, the greatest motion
would take place along the edge of the lap
where the two come together, and we
should expect to find tbe pitting and
grooving most severe at this point This
is the fact in almost every such case. It is
Indicated in Fig. I. and in Fig. 2 it is evi
dent that the rivet heads exercised a sim
ilar stiffening power over the inside lap.
for the outlines of the rivet heads may be
easily traced by the pitting that took place
along their edge where the motion of the
metal composing the inner lap was great
When boilers are set as this one was.
over a flue leading from a blast furnace.
The Locomotive recommends that the up-
FIG. II A PITTED PLATS (INKER LAP).
per end of the flue be curved toward the
rear end of the boiler, so that the gases
will not impinge directly on the plates, but
be delivered horizontally along the under
surface of the boiler. Some very trouble
some cases of this kind have been cured by
this simple expedient.
Popular Science News furnishes the fol
For a good cement that will stick muslin
to bunting, boil together two parte shellac.
one part borax and sixteen parts of water.
The surface must not be greasy.
One day in 1330, when a working Jeweler,
Joseph Gillott later tbe famous steel pen
maker, accidentally split one of his fine
steel tools, and being suddenly required to
sign a receipt not finding bis quill pen at
hand, he nsed the split tool as a ready sub
stitute. The happy accident led to the
idea of making pens of steel.
A process has been recently invented by
Which iron may be coppered by dipping it
Into melted copper, the surface of the iron
being protected by a layer of melted cryo
lite and phosphoric acid.
A German inventor has devised a new
material wbich is intended as a substitute
tor leather in many of its uses. This ma
terial consists of panels of wood, with wire
netting between, tbe whole being glued to
gether under heavy pressure.
A good recipe for making waterproof
cement, to be used in constructing aquari
ums, is to take twenty-five parts gutta
percha in shreds and melt it carefully. Add
seventy-five parts ground pumice stone,
and then mix in 150 parts Burgundy pitch
and melt well together.
Do Diamonds Abound In America?
Professor G. EL Foote, in a paper read be
fore a meeting of scientific societies in
Washington, spoke of a geological forma
tion that gave rise to some very interesting
suggestions. His thesis was based upon
the claim that in a collection of very re
markable specimens of meteoric iron, found
on the side of Crater mountain, Arizona, he
bad discovered diamonds. Crater mountain
rises abrubtly 432 feet above the surround
ing plain. The walls of the so called cra
ter, which are very steep, are formed of
sandstone and limestone, and are lifted at
an angle of 40 dega. But as no lava or
other volcanic products are found, the hol
low cannot be considered a true crater. As
this depression is of similar character to
that from which the diamonds at Klmber
ly, South America, are dug, why should
not diamonds abound in Arizona, New
Mexico and Mexico, which are tbe richest
regions for meteoric iron in the world?
Professor Foote's theories are among the
soundest advanced in the sea of specula
tion or the production of diamonds of the
past decade. But as the conclusions of
science are often too premature and too
positive, the letter of the learned gentle
man's proposition must not be accepted
without the proof derived from thorough
investigation, saya The Jewelers' Circular.
This is a recipe used daily in a Scotch fam
ily: Take one pound of flour, one teaspoon
f ur-of carbonate of soda and cream of tar
tar respectively; mix it well and make it
Into a substantial paste by stirring into
tbe same with a spoon a sufficient quanti
ty of buttermilk or sour milk. When the
paste is of proper consistency, roll it out.
not too thin, cut Into cakes and bake on a
griddle or on any iron plate on the top of
We carry the celebrated line of E. P. Reed & Co., for ladies' fur d
The finest line of Gentlemen's Footwear in the city, in Pat. Leather f
van, Kangaroo, French calf,
A barrel of Tooth Picks given away with every pair of SHOES.
New line of Mens Shoes at $2.50.
BOSTON SHOE STORE,
$100 award $100.
The readers of the Argus will be pleased
to learn that there is at Ies:t one dreaded
disease that science has been able to cure
in all its stages, snd that is catarrh.
Ball s Catarrh Cure is the only positive
cure now known to the medical fraternity.
Catarrh being a constitutional disease, re
quires a constitutional treatment. Hall's
Catarrh Cure is taken internally, acting
directly upon the blood and mucous sur
faces of the system, thereby destroying
the foundation of tbe disease, and giving
the patient strength by building up tbe
constitution and assisting nature in doing
its work. 1 be proprietors have so much
faith in its curative powers, that tbey
offer one hundred dolUrs for any case
thst it fails to cure. Send for list of tes
F. J. Chkknet & Co.. Toledo, O.
Bold by druggists, 75c.
It lupoid bt in Iveiy Home.
J. B. Wilson, 871 Clay street, Sharps-
burg. Pa., sajs he will not be without
Dr. King's New Discovery for consump
tion, coughs and colds, that it cured bis
wife who wss threatened with pneumonia
after an attack of "la grippe, when va
rious other remedies and several physi
cians had done her no good. Robert
Barber, of Cooksport, Pa., claims Dr.
King's New Discovery has done him more
good than anything he ever used for
lung trouble. Nothing like it. Try it.
Free trial bottles at Iiartz & Bshnsen's
drug store. Large bottles, 50c and ft.
This remedy is becomirg so well known
and so popular as to need no special men
tion. All who have used Electric Bitters
sing the same song of praise. A purer
menicine docs not exist and it is guarant
eed to do all that is claimed. Electric
Bitters will cure all diseases of tbe liver
and kidneys will remove pimples, boils,
salt rheum and other enactions caused by
impure blood. Will drive malaria from
the system and prevent as well as cure all
malarial fevers. For c ire of headache,
constipation ai.d indigestion try Electric
Bitters Entire satisfaction guaranteed,
or money refunded Price 50 cents and
11.00 per bottle at Harlz & Bshnsen's
BDCKLXB'S ARNICA SALVE.
The best salve in the world for cats,
bruises, sores, ulcers, salt rheum, fever
sores, tetter, chapped hands, chilblains,
corns and all skin eruptions, and posi
tively cures piles, or no pay required. It
is guaranteed to give perfect satisfaction
or money refunded. Price 25 cents per
box. For sale bv Hertz & Bahnsen.
For Over Fifty Tears
Mrs. Winslow's Soothing Syrup has
been used by millions of mothers for
their children while teething. If dis
burbed at night and broken of your res
by a sick child suffering and crying with
pain of cutting teeth send at once and get
a bottle o! "Mrs. Winslow's Soothing
Syrup" for children teething. It will re
lieve tbe poor little sufferer immediately.
Depend npon it, mothers, there is no mis
take about it. It cures diarrhoea, regu
lates the stomach and bowels, cures wind
colic, softens the gums, reduces inflamma
tion and gives tone and energy to the
whole system, "Mrs Winslow's Soothing
Syrup" for children teething is pleasant
to tbe taste and is the prescription of one
of the oldest and best female physicians
and nurses in the United States. Sold by
all druggists throughout the world. Price
twenty-five cents a bottle. Be sure and
ask for "Mrs. Winslow's Soothing 8fru p
Catarrh is. Haw Sag land.
Ely's Cream Balm gives satisfaction to
every one using it for catarrhal troubles.
O. K. Mellor. druggist, Worcester, Mass.
I believe Ely's Cream BiJ-n is the best
article for catarrh ever offered the public.
Bush & Co., drugRists. Worcester,
An article of real merit. C. P. Alden
druggist, epringfield, Mais.
Those who use it spesk highly of it
George A. Ilili. druggist. Sprintfitld.
Cream Bilm las given satisfactory re
sults. W. P. Draper, druggist, Spring
The only cocrpleiion powder in the
world that la wi thnilt VIll.Fn rill. I. 1. .
- - - wimuui
iniurv to the user and rithnnt A,.i.
I - - . .u w u . uUUVI
I t ",u""i m. uuum a.
FR E E
A school satchel given with
every pair of
Our Fall Stock is now
complete, and we are
confident we can
Etc. Latest styles.
Ave., under Rock Island House.
: Shirt Factory :
We are now prepared to take
your measure and make
Prices as Low as the Lowest.
Also all kind of
1609 Second Avenue, Rock Island.
Over Looslej's Crockery store.
MISS KATE BYRNES.
Laces, Veilings, Gilt Trimmings
Jet and Gilt Ornaments,
1709 Second avenue,
-ALL KINDS OF-
Cast Iron Work
done. A specialty of famishing aL kinds
of BIotm with Castings at 8 senta
i per pound.
A MACHINE SHOP
as beea added where all kinds of "-'"-work
will ba dons Int-elats.
NINTH ST. AND 7th AVE.
DOWNING BROS., Propts.
Jotin Volk 6c Co.,
Sash, Door. Blinds, Siding, Flooring,
and all kinds of wood work for builders,
llshtsenth 6U, bet. Third and Foam aves.
Chicago, Minneapolis and St. rj
Via the Famoas Albert Lea Eqca I
St. Louis, lvTinneapolis and StpJ
l bt. Louis. 311nneapolt & St. Paul ifcn
Through Sleepers and Chaiid
KANSAS CITY, MINNEAPOLIS AND ST. HI I
PEORIA, CEDAR fPIDS AND SIOUX FJU.5
CHICAGO AND CEDAR RAPDSl
Via the Famous Albert La Exit
THE SHORT UNI
Tin Great Iowa Summer Rear.
For Railway anil Hotl lUil. fl-nrx
Fainplile't? niul all iiifnrmatuin. ales
Gen'l Ticket and r.tv-iij:er A.tm
On line of this road in XorJI:wt-irm hi
Southeastern Minnesota awl Cmnl Dml
where drought and crop failure air movl
i nousanas 01 cuoice a n-s 01 tinfl m m
Local Excursion rates cnen. Fur full oJ-jt
tion as to prices of land an) rate of Lirt.ki
Genl Ticket and Passenger Aleut. I
All of the 1'assenirer Tram on allDiiiil
this Hallway are heated ! ftram lrS
engine, and the Main Line Lav l'as&tcpj
are lighted with the Kleetiic Light
Maiis. Time Tables. Thrwich ilidrs and i!H
formation furnished on aiU'lieatim to Ml
Tickets on sale over this route ;ii all winsl
points In the I'nion. and ! its Aeraa, a 'I
parrs or me i niu-u Males aim i aiuwi.
SarFor announcements of KcurSKBl
and local matters of Interest, plea itfernil
local columns ot lliis puir.
C. J. IVES. J. E. HNNtO.
Vrea't 4 Gn'l Sort. Gm'l Ttt.nl
CEDAR RAPIDS. I0W.
TO THE AFFLI3TEI1
rmm ineaicai iresiui.eiii r.un I
y ablopriresof The Iv.-atViraj'-rl
IwaSttf ianih.n yk uni t w.-r.d-.'
ri,yviiiiiif! vsu '"'r.l!ai'r.r
I UUI1U nihil nl.'l -of
Memory. Ik-;-"" 1
"'2 . . , ,
MIUULC'AbtU RfcH ...nuva:: i
Ot Treatment a S.tie, r.-ruina?;--.?' 1
SEMINAL PASTILLES, ..-f-i
llli. trior t-mr.fi a.1.. "
who ha trivon !j-vi.M a-..-
Pastille imi an i. r-t
than Stmi.v ti M'-im :"-- 1
,j ..tt...nuf.-.. ti.nvi.".
uiiiiiKiiii'iiui a,.i.-.i. j . y-s I
HOME TREATMENT '
eoMins: 1mm ?
Williams' private Pnirtiiv. .ive:h. 'lrr!,l
SPECIFIC N3.81 1;
I rcettl c:
TPP KC FIITRIiPKIR i" :". .r i .:,!.
U I S-liltla. 1 U I Ul ISIW ri num
Ootiauluiltf nlr'Pr. Artdre
THE PERU tni'""'-';,v, la f.
IRQ Wttrnucm SiBf ET. HllAUW'
Or lb l.loaor llbii
Uoldm fcperrnr- Mrf I
It la mnofauri u Pwclri n I
In a (! ot tTr. cup oi c"
wtthoutihe knowledge ofitae pa""-' iK
tnrmieaa. ind will effect 'ri..,, ir.-J.
oure. w bather the patient i "j"'?,, -
.n .i'kni,.mI It hu been fif
of eaa. and In every inatance P""5L
low"l I, m Fall- n"I""S'
d with tna SpectBc.it baeotne.au utt'
for the llauor appetite to It --.mtMU
48 pact cook or arucu'- " . o TK
For sale bT Marahall A Pianer 4
Call or aend o" r " , ,
the most ir.-IJ''j 'f .
Kcenta, S) phii tL ,
te aiooak"" 1 " i
. . ,. K i " i
CO.. tae. Dearbera ae4 1J '
1 a. l li
Winn m '"','.!!!,..
treatment .a trial l, j return y.j tfi''pjn3