Newspaper Page Text
THE AUG US, I FBIDAY,, OCTOBEK 23, 1891.
rasHaaed Mil; ud Weekly at MM Second At
Hue, Bock Island, 111.
j. w. Potter.
Dally, bOe per month; Weekly, $8.0T
All eoauavnlcatlona of a critical or argument,
tire character, political or reliarious, man have
real aaote attached for publication. No inch artl
ttelea will be printed over flctitlooa sisiiatures
eBOHTBODB eommiioloations not noticed.
Correspondence solicited from every township
In Bock Island county.
Fb-lOat. October 23, 1891.
Batxet Wagoner, a Kansas lawyer,
who i one of Jay Gould's staff or railway
counsel, used to earn his living at Atchi.
on by sawing wood.
esmtiFF McLkkdos, of Memphis, says
that the day before the battle of Sbiloh
he paid (600 for a pair of boots, and in
the fight had a leg shot off.
Ex Senator Wadk Bash-ton, in an
interview at Washington, aaja tbat Con
KreHmtn Springer or some other north
era man should be chosen for the speaker
of the house instead of Crisp, Mills or
"Would the farmers of this country
rather have their customers for their pro
ducts on this side or the other side of the
ocean," asks Major McKinley. And Wil
liam M. Spnnper, answering for the
western farmers, le plies: "O i both sides
of the ocean."
An exchange notes a new game called
"Editor's Delight. " It is plajtd in this
way: Take a sheet of ordinary writing
paper, fold carefully acd inclose a bank
note sufficiently large to pay up all ar
rears and one year in advance. What
adds immensely to the pleasure of the
game is to send along the name of a new
subscriber or two, accompanied by c sh.
Keep an eye on the editor, and if a
smile adorns his fuce the trick works like
charm. Now is the time to play the
According to t special telegram it is
not unlikely tbat when corgress assem
bles in December Postmaster General
Wanamaker will be called upon to explain
just what circumstances induced him to
transfer the business of manufacturing
postal money order blanks from the Amer
ican Bank Note company, of New York,
to the firm of Dunlap & Clark, of Phila
delphia. This business amouits to sev
eral thousand dollars per month, and
under the laws, bids for ii have to be ad
ertised. The New Toik company had
been, the successful bidder up to last
month when it again put in its bid. Al
though it was the lowest the postmaster
general refused to make the award and
Pittsbukg Post: It wa9 probably
"flippant," as .the republicans assert the
way Gov. Campbell dresses down Major
McKinley at a meeting of 10,000 formers
in Wood county, northwestern Ohio, a
few days ago; but its flippancy may be
excused by its effectiveness. Ridicule is
sometimes the best weapon to explode
egregious humbuggery, and the governor
knows bow to use it with effect.
The major in one of his speeches, in a
solemnly dramatic way peculiar to him,
had told about the tariff the Canadian
farmer would have to pay when he took
his wheat to Buffalo, and asked his
audience to inquire of the Canadian
farmer who paid the tax. He then
pointed out the blessing to the farmer of
tb.3 increased taxes of the McKinley bill
oa the importation of farm products, and
so btgged their votes.
Gov. Campbell in reply showed by the
report of the republican collector of cus
toms at Buffalo tbat last year but thrte
bushels of Cunudihn wheat entered thut
port for American consumption, and that
was used for seed by American farmers,
who had to pay tbe increased cost ciused
by the tariff. "If tbe major wants to
know wbo paid tbe tax in this case,"
said tbe governor, "let him go and bunt
up tbe American farmer wbo purchased
this seed wheat from his Canadian neigh
bor." That is a fact. Tbe increased duties
imposed on the importation of cereals, as
well as live stock, which the McKinley
itea boast are such a glorious thing for
the farmer, simply tax him more heavily
on his seed and on animals imported lot
The nan Wbt Paya For All.
New Tork World.
The organs of the McKinley kind of
tariff are just now citing the great grain
crop and the unusual European demand,
and gleefully crying aloud that "wheat
gives tbe lie to the alliance."
That is to say, the farmer's complaint
is assumed to be querulously false mere
ly because it can be shown that he is
not this year looking for lodgings in the
poor-house. As heaven has prospered
him and bis own hard work has been re
warded with a bountiful crop, he ought
to be aabamed to complain when be is
robbed by tax laws framed to compel
him to pay unjust tribute to monopoly.
Because for once be has enough to live
on he should be willing ' o pay two prices
for his necessaries. Because he gets a
high price for bis grain he ought to sub
mi quietly to extortion and injusiice.
Tue farmer is a hard-headed person
wbo rloes not look at things In hat way .
lie thinks tbe reward of Mi labor ought
to be his and rot another's. He sees i.o
reason to i ivide tbe g od fortune of tliij
fruitful year with those wbo do not
share his losses in unfruitful jeers.
It U not poverty ihut he is revolting
against so much as ii.j'.islicc and wrong,
and bla present prosperity will not lessen
the vigor of bis reaietance.
THE STEEL .RAIL TRTJSX
a. LEGITIMATE OUTGROWTH Of
HIGH PROTECTIVE TARIFF.
Hi Petted Monopolists Preparing to
Foreclose Their Tariff Mortens oa the
American People Wf Reduced and
Preparations Made to Raise Prices.
One of the strongest trusts in the
United States is that which was formed
a few years ago by the steel rail manu
facturers. Ever since its formation' it
has had complete control of the busi
ness, and has been able by tbe assist
ance of the protective duty on steel
rails to control the markets and fix the
prices at which its products are to be j
Last year the only drawbacks to the
complete success of the trust were re
moved by the purchase of the Allegheny
works by the Carnegie Bros., and the
consolidation of the Scranton Steel com
pany and the Lackawanna Coal and
Iron company under the latter name.
When these changes were made the
trust was composed of the following
I'oncerns: Tbe Illinois Steel company,
Carnegie Bros., Limited (two establish
ments), the Cambria Iron company, the
Pennsylvania Steel company, The Beth
lehem Iron company and the Lacka
wanna Coal and Iron company; iu all
Last year the Pennsylvania Steel com
I any began to build new works at Spar
dw's Point, Md., and late last month
t le combination held an important
meeting in Philadelphia to make ar
rangements for the admission of these
ruw works into the trust. This was sat
isfactorily accomplished, as the follow
ing from the Philadelphia Press of Sept
St'-, an exponent of high tariff, shows:
"An important meeting of the steel
rail combination was held in this city
ye sterday, and serious differences which
have served as bones of contention were
satisfactorily adjusted. The admission
of the Maryland Steel company, of Spar
row's Point, to the combination, over
which of late there has been considerable
dbenssion, was determined upon at yes
terday's meeting. The percentages of
the total production allotted to each
member necessarily underwent some
chiinge upon the admission of the new
member, but this was accomplished
without friction and to the satisfaction
of all the companies embraced by the
combination. The trade is in excellent
condition, and a member of the com-
bin ttion said yesterday that everything
was harmonious and the prospects for
bus ness bright."
J.ist as in 1SS2-3 and 1SS6-7, the trust
is n nv ready to take advantage of any
booms which may occur in railway
training and foreclose, as it did in
those years, its high tariff mortgage.
W hile the trust has been active in per
fecting its already strong consolidation,
so fur as outside competition with it is
concerned, it has been equally active in
anot.ier direction. It is the intention of
the trust that all of the proceeds of the
tariff mortgage, which it expects soon to
foreclose, shall goto its members only,
and not be shared with its workmen.
And here again it is bnt exercising its
trust prerogatives. No one has ever
heard of a trust formed for the pur
pose of increasing wages. On the con
trary, all the trusts have, as one of their
first acts, reduced wages. Such was the
case with the Plate Glass trust, the Oat
meal trust, the Sanitary Pottery Ware
trust and others. Such is now the pur
pose and aim of the Steel Rail trust.
With the price of its raw material fall
ing, with no cut in its combination price
of thirty-one dollars per ton at western
mills and thirty dollars per ton at eastern
mills, and with the prospect of a boom
in rail way construction next year, all of
the mills have reduced wages since Jan.
1 last, and some are contemplating still
further reductions. Since Jan. 1 the fol
lowing members of the trust have cnt
Lackawanna Iron and Coal company
average reduction of twenty cents per
day Ja.i. 1.
Penmylvania Steel company reduc
tion in wages of from 8 to 10 per cent.
Bethl-ihein Iron company reduction
of 10 per cent. Feb. 2.
Caru gie Bros., Limited reduction of
10 per c;nt.
llliuo:s Steel company reduction of
wages March 0, followed by a strike.
A still further reduction is to be made
by the C'arnegies.as the following notice
to their employees postt-d in their mills
on Oct. 1, clearly shows:
To Our Employees:
As provided ia our asreemcut, we hereby
notify you that we desire to annul it Dec. HI,
1X01. and tiiat we will be ready to make a new
sliding soi.le atrreement with you at any time
after Oct. 10, 11, to take effect Jan. 1, lrttt.
Tbe contemplated changes are rendered nec
essary prii finally by the introduction of many
mecbauicr.l improvements and advanced
methods of manufacture by which the output
has been viry much increased since our agree
ment went into effect.
Carnigih Bros., Limited.
H. C. Fauca. Chairman.
Jnst as was the case with the other
members of the trust and with the Car
negies early this year, the new sliding
scale is to be a downward one.
MeanwLile, The Iron Age, a high
tariff orgtin, predicts a boom for next
year in the steel rail business.
That the trust will tak&advantage f
this boom is certain. Tbienistory of the
steel rail trust well illustrates the effect
of high tariffs. The tariff abuts out
foreign competition and enables the
protected cianufacturers to form trusts
for keeping up prices on one hand and
cutting down wages on the other.
The high wages earned by American,
workmen is due to Grgatiization. Inter-j
view with 1'. L. Bodine.
Why, we were told oidy a few weeks
ago by Messrs. Campirtll, Cuke aad!
Cberhardt tint it was the tariff that kept '
tbe wages u . Mr. Bodine should have;
beencojiche l by these worthies before i
he submitte 1 himself to be interviewed. !
The truth of the matter is that Mr. I
Bodine is nure honest in his opinions j
;han the abe ve trio, and does not allow
the political situation to warp his judg-,
atent. National (ilass Budget. '
SHEEP ON THE FARM.
A Southerner'! Plan for Redeeming th
Farm with Sheep and Movable Fences.
A South Carolinian writing to South
ern Cultivator says: "I would rather
farm without hired labor than without
sheep. One of the experiment stations
has recently found that 1,000 pounds live
weight of well fed sheep makes thirty
eight dollars' worth of manure yearly.
This is about $3.80 a head for good aver
ago sheep. If, therefore, I never sell a
lamb or a pound of wool I can afford to
keep sheep and give them good care and
good feed, and make a big profit on them
provided always that I save all the
"One hundred sheep will give me $380
worth of fertilizer. That is twenty tons
at nineteen dollars a ton. Few two
horse farms use so much. Few make
that much clear on the cotton crop. Bnt
any two horse farm in this section could
keep 100 sheep and save this fertilizer
"The best way to save all the manure
from any stock is to pen them where
you want the manure on your land. To
do this easily and cheaply yon want a
movable fence. After much hunting
and reading I have hit upon the follow
ing, which any farmer can make at a
A PANEL OF MOVABLE FENCE.
nominal cost: The materials used are
barbed wire and staples and wire nails.
These you must buy. Then, if there is
a sawmill within reach, go there when
they are edging up lumber and they
will give you the slats to save trouble of
burning them. Saw them up four or
four and one-half feet long, and make
panels fifteen or eighteen feet long by
nailing these slats to your wire with
your staples, say four inches apart. Put
on three of the slats as braces, using
wire nails and Clinching them. Let the
ends of your wires extend two feet be
yond last slat nailed on, and when you
put the panels up to posts, wrap these
ends around posts. This is easier to do
than to nail them, and easier to take
down. Cut cypress or poplar posts.
Sharpen ends and plant rather firmly,
to fit length of panel. This fence can
be moved from one plot to one adjoining
in about half an hour, and will hold any
kind of 6tock. Braces put on as shown
enable you to hold the panel up. One
man can carry it, though two can handle
it more easily.
"If you will make a pen, say 100 feet
square, and put 100 sheep in it at night
for a week, then move it, you will have
it rich for five years. Yon will thus ma-
SHEEP SHED INCLOSED BY MOVABLE FEN'CB
nure about an acre in a month as well as
a ton and a half of fertilizer would do
it. Of course with a bigger pen you can
manure more land. Friend, think ovei
this. If you could see the hay now grow
ing on some of my pens you would real
ize how much better it is to keep a ma
chine that will make $3.80 worth of fer
tilizer, one dollar's worth of wool and re
produce itself to boot, than to pay some
merchant all you make for the fertilizer
with which you made it. Don't do it
any more. When you go next time to
buy fertilizers buy sheep, a roll of wire
and a few staples and nails. You will
never regret it."
How to Make Good Bacon.
I got it into my head that it is damp
ness not warmth that does the mischief.
Wheu, therefore, I buiit my smokehouse
I set it two feet from the ground, made
the walls tight and dark with match-d
boxing and battens, floored it with
matched, tongned and grooved 11-inch
flooring, sheeted the r.-.fiers solid with
dress stuff and covered with cypress
shingles. Then put iu a door that when
shut left the interior as dark as mid
night. In this room I placed a box (suf
ficiently large to pack down a ton of
pork) made of matched tongued and
grooved ceiling with a lid on hinges
fitting perfectly. Thus prejiared I killed
and dripped my porkers iu the evening
of a day proinisiug a cold dry night,
hung the carcasses out in the wind all
night, cut up j?arly next morning and
salted down in a box, rarely using more
than seventy-five pounds of salt to 1,000
pounds of pork. Let lay iu a box
three or four weeks, then took out joints
and middlings, washed well in Lot wa
ter aud bnng up in the dark roof and
body of the smokehouse until perfectly
dry, say two or three weeks, took down
again and packed in a box and let it lie
until used. During the five years I never
lost a piece of meat, never had any to
drip, never found a gill of water in my
packing box, and never ate sweeter, finer
meat in my life. I never cased or can
vased a joint and never saw a skipper.
Keening Seed Cora.
The most important point in keeping
seed corn is getting and keeping it dry.
Under ordinary conditions it will dry if
ruspended from the rafters of some airy
building. The Farm Journal says: "One
of our readers makes assurance doubly
sure by hanging hia seed corn in the
smokehouse and snicking it for several
days. If qui dry, owed corn stay Jje
subjected io a vc-ty low temperature
without injury; but if there is moisture
about the germ and the cob will con-!
tain moisture when the outside of the'
ear is quite dry a temperature not very
rare north of Mason end Dixon's line,
will injure enough of the germs to make
the seed unfit for uae."
We carry the celebrated line of E. P. Reed & Co., for ladies' finc shrp.
The finest line of Gentlemen's Footwear in the city, in Pat. Lcath
van, Kangaroo, French calf, Etc. Latest styles.
A barrel of Tooth Picks given away with every pair of SHOES
New line of Aens Shoes at $2.50.
BOSTON SHOE STOBE,
S100 Bward S100.
The readers of the Akocs will be pleased
to learn that there is st lea-t one dreaded
disease tbat science has been able to cure
in all its sthges. and that is catarrb.
Hull's Ctarrb Cure is tbe only p witive
cure now known to the medical fraternity.
Catarrh being a constitutional disease, re
quires a constitutional treatment. Ilall's
Catarrh Cure is taken internally, acting
directly upon the blood and mucous sur
faces of the system, thereby destroying
the foundation ot the disease, and giving
the patient strength by building up tbe
constitution and assisting nature in doing
ils work. Tbe proprietors have so much
faith in its curative powers, that they
offer one hundred dollars for any case
that it fails to cure. Send for list of tes
F. J. Cheek ry & Co.. Toledo, O.
Bold by drucgists, 75c
Good looks are more than skin deep,
depending upon a healthy condition of all
the vital organs. If the liver be inactive,
you have a bilious look, if your stomach
be disordered you have a dyspeptic look
and if your kidneys be affected you have
a pinched look. Secure good health and
Tou will have good looks. Electric Bitters
is the great alterative and tonic acts
directly on these vital organs. Cures
pimples, blotches, boils and gives a good
complexion. Sold at IlarU & Bahnaen's
drug store, 60c. per bottle.
Ii Comatapton Incnrabs.
Read the following: Mr. O. H. Mor
rts, Newark, Ark., says: "Was down
with Abscess of Lungs, and friends and
physicians pronounced me an Incurable
Consumptive. Began taking Dr. King's
New Discovery for Consumption, am
now on my third bottle, and able to over
see the work on my farm. It is the finest
medicine ever made."
Jesse Middlewart, Decatur, Ohio, says
"Had it not been for Dr. King's New
Discovery for Consumption I would have
died of lung troubles. Was given up by
doctors. Am now in best of health."
Try it. Sample bottles free at Hartz &
Bahnsen's drug store.
buckln'b arnica salvh.
The best salve in the world for cats,
bruises, sores, ulcers, salt rheum, fever
sores, tetter, chapped hands, chilblains,
corns and all skin eruptions, and posi
tively cures piles, or no pay required. It
is guaranteed to give perfect satisfaction
or money refunded. Price 85 cents per
box. For sale bv Harts & Bahnsen.
tor Over Fifty Tsars
Mrs. Winslow's Soothing Syrup has
been used by millions of mothers for
their children while teething. If dis
burbed at night and broken of your res
by a sick child suffering and crying with
pain of cutting teeth send at once and get
a bottle of "Mrs. Winslow's Soothing
Syrup" for children teething. It will re
lieve the poor little sufferer immediately.
Depend upon it. mothers, there is no mis'
take about it. It cures diarrhoea, regu
lates the stomach and bowels, cures wind
colic, softens the gums, reduces inflamma
tion and gives tone and energy to the
whole system, "Mrs Winslow's Soothing
Syrup" for children teetting is pleasant
to tbe taste and is tbe prescription of one
of tbe oldest and best female physicians
and nurses in the Uaited States. Sold by
all druggists throughout tbe world. Price
twenty-five cents a bottle. Be sare and
ask for "Mrs. Winslow's Soothing 8rrup
la the pursuit of ln gooa things of
this world we anticipate too much; we
eat out the heart and sweetness of world
ly pleasures by delightful forethought of
them. The results obtained from the use
of Dr. J ones' Bed Clover Tonic far exceed
all claims. It cures dyspepsia, and all
stomach, liver, kidney and bladder
troubles. It is a perfect tonic, appetiser,
blood purifier, a sure cure for ague and
malarial diasaaes. Prica. 60 cents, cf
Califora a Farm rrodueif.
Cott of production: Net profits: given
by a tboueand farmers. Also hundreds
of questions answered about California.
Sent free on application to A. Phillips &
Co , 105 Clark street, Chicago, 111., or
298 Washington street. Boston, Mass:
Chocolate, vanilla and peach ice cream
and lemon ice at Krell & Math's.
A school satchel given with
every pair of
Our Fall Stock is now
complete, and we are
confident we can
: Shirt Factory :
We are now prepared to take
your measure and make
Prices as Low as the Lowest.
All kinds ot Repairing done.
Also agent for Hockford Clothing Company.
rine custom-made pints from S3 to $10.
M0S Second Avenue, Bock Island.
Otst Looslej's Crockery store.
MISS KATE BYRNES,
Laces. Velltegs, Gilt Trimmings
Jet and Gilt Ornaments,
1709 Second avenue,
-ALL KINDS OF-
Cast Iron Work
deaa. A specialty of furnishing aL klada
f Stores with Castings at 8 acnls
A MACHINE SHOP
has am added where al kinds of aucaiae
work win fee done first-class.
NINTH ST. AND 7 tlx AVE.
DOWNING BROS., Propts.
Jotin Yolk & Co.,
Sash, Doors, Blinds, Siding, Flooring,
and all kinds of wood work for builders.
Eighteenth 6k, bet Third and Fourth ares.
Chicago, Minneapolis and S
Via the Famoin Albert !.
St. Louis, l!inneapolis and St 5
Via St. Loaia, Minneai'niih A l
Through Sleepers and Chair.
KANSAS CITY, MINNEAPOLIS WO ST. N
PEORIA, CEDAR RAPIDS AND SICL'X FJU3.I
CHICACO AND CEDAR RAP
Via the Fumoat Alter. I It
THE SHORT LI!
The Great Iowa Summer KesJ
For Railway and Hot.-l Eat. lW-j
Pamphlets ami all infnniuli'tTi.
Otru 1 liokt'tau-i r:tv!.rtr .tat.
FOR CHEAP HOWld
On line of tln' road in Nr.i avrj
Southeastern Mlnmjta ;u..l (ViiirJ tJ
whvre drought and crfp failure ir- idJ
inousanas or ciiok anvs or ri'mytj
Local Excursion mtf kiw h. 1 .rlii
tion as to prices ot land an! r:-.t t iat.t
uen i iiCKei aim I'asscinirr .mh.
All of the Piisst'hper Trruii in al! ffiw
this Batlway are lieail by fu-m In
engine, aud the Main l.iu- Pavl'ivxtjx:
are liehted with the EWtrie IJri't.
Maps, Time Tables. Through kil aa! 4
Tormation iitrnisnea on aHiiiMu..n i.1
iK'seis on sale over mis riKiieaiaupri.
points in the rnion. and 1 y 1L- AiMft
parts of the United Mates and aioik
IVFor annouint-nu'Dts .f Evur :
and local matters of inter tt. i kaxtdti
local columns ol tin pait r.
C. J. IVES. J. E. HNNCSi
Vrea't A Oen'l Snrt. Cm" f wl
CEDAR HAPICS. I0W.
Vh?nivhlef. In ouart
TniMl.c-.-al trcHtii-'-i ir o ? had M
p-iriKl In tin tin- V'-'wrii'i -
Y0UH6 MtS u n'1t' !
fr.uu early irwi'rr.n'rM'r '..-
MfDDLE-A.5ED '.f'" V
w7 and Hl:ulj(-r tnut , . .- i-: y,
of Tnuraviii. n S :t' '-t :. '" ' '
SEMINAL PASTILLES, t1'-:
ho li&SKU t ii MxM'Ul a
ltfr.ssK f. .r mr.PV vtT.r I"'" r-:
lb an Mnmach M--i. " !l lI '
cfcu.14.oof d..-t"i 1: ; '
HOME TREATMENT !'r'."V
OMlnK fn-iii $...;ni.'t.. ';
f mi 1 1 tii ilrti'S I. 'I ' 'VT V.' I . . '
Wl.liems private pnw-t . i.r.c t!
SPECIFIC ND.8I SSm-m;;;?
U I tHIK b tli I HUfHIU i 'r.s
Call or write lorCi.trWm ai i...
The peru cncrfl'C4 . cp
189 WiSOOIrSiM ST(.ET.
a7 atftmlnl.trrins Ur. H"
It Is manufactured u a PJ'r " Q. 11
in a (laaa ot baer. a cup 01 com -
wllbSut tha Snowledga of the
bannlraa. and wi.l eflw a lrr'?'u ir.-i
ourc. wnelher the pa'"'' B iec4
an aioonouc wrece. i . " -
of oaaaa, and in evarr ma;any Z.nrs;-
towed. It a., Falfa,
rd with the 80ealflc.1l become. an utiar
for the Ilauor anpetila to eaiat.
8 pass book of parucu-ar. rue. "
For sale bjMarsbaUttfttr.".n. -
tl,c Ifflinr "I'T.iJ
Tiii oi- "
fcCaJI t p " ! " rtaHAl
aa.rn. M 3 ' V a.' :lt
am i fcrxai'1
Utumett on trial bj MJj pE.U tR.
8oltagte.forth.US ISPIS r " "