Newspaper Page Text
THE AUG US, SATUKDAY. OCTOBE1V 24, 189Jlt
A MOTOR IN EACH HOUSE
DEVC'.OPMENT OF THE COMPRESSED
i AlR SYSTEM OF PARIS.
1 Anrlc Engineer Tell of HU Ob
servations Abroad Where Compressed
Air Is Banning Machinery and Doing;
If Engineer Robert Gillhain, of Aldrlch
court, be correct in bis observations, com
pressed air will shortly be In the field in
opposition to electricity as one of the revo
lutionizing forces of this century. He has
returned from an extended sojourn in
Paris, where he made a thorough study of
the compressed air system of that metrop
olis. The stories Mr. Gillham brings back
border upon tl.; marvelous.
1 The new dynamic agent, according to
bis report, has within an almost incredi
bly short time fairly revolutionized many
lines of industry at the gay French capi
tal. K is at this moment propelling sur
face cars with unequaled ease, furnishing
mutive power for a multiplicity of uses,
running 10,000 clocks about the city with
absolute simultaneity and preserving meats
of all kinds.
I "I was simply amazed," sl he in talk
ing of his work, "at the progress made in
the application of the comparatively new
science. Why, in a refrigerator about
fifteen feet square I found the bodies of a
man and woman who had lain there thir
teen months, and in both the flesh of the
body and face were in as good conditiou as
Immediately after death. I was informed
that the bodies were being kept for the
One fact of importance noted by Mr.
Gillham on his visit was the preparation
Paris engineers are making, by means of
compressed air, with a view to averting the
terrors of another siege such as was ex
perienced in 1S71. Refrigerator stations
can in an emergency be made to contain
enough food to last Paris for over a year.
Mr. Gillham thinks that both the smoke
and steam nuisances will be obliterated hy
the encroachment of the compressed air
system in every line of dynamic applica
tion. IS A CAFE.
"Before accepting the invitation of Mr.
Victor Popp to visit the great central sta
tion," said the engineer, "my time was oc
cupied by personal visits to numerous con
sumers. "At a very large cafe on Avenue de
rOpera I saw some interesting applica
tions. A twenty-five horse power engine,
which was formerly operated by steam, is
now run by compressed air. The pressure
In the street main-at this point registered
six atmospheres. Near the engine in the
pipe is arranged a pressure reducing valve,
which can be adjusted to any pressure. In
this case the air was reduced from six at
mospheres to four atmospheres. From the
reduction valve the air is conducted to a
small coke radiating device made from
cast iron, eighteen inches in diameter.
"The heater is a hollow cylinder, having
Vertical divisions, the central hollow space
being twelve inches in diameter, with a
small cover on top. Around and outside
this space, in which the coke is burned, is
arranged a series of vertical spaces between
the fire space and t he outside shell.
"The air is introduced into this space at
normal temperature of air in street mains.
Is carried upward through the first vertical
division of chamber to the top of the heater,
where it passes into a second chamber or
division, then downward through this to
the bottom of heater, where it passes into
the third chamber or division, and thus the
process of leading the air up and down
through the various vertical divisions of
the beater, numbering ten divisions in this
case, is continued until the air has secured
a greatly increased temperature, due to
contact with the interior heated surface of
the divisions or chambers of the heater,
the degree of temperature depending upon
the character of fire maintained in the
"The air is then conducted to the engine,
where it operates exactly as steam. The
engine is connected with a dynamo, which
generates all the electricity used in light
ing the premises of one or two neighbors.
Klectric accumulators are arranged in an
adjoining room, next the engine room, of
capacity sufficient to furnish light for two
slays. In case any failure occurs in theen
gine, dynamo or air, light can be provided.
. "The exhaust air is taken from the en
gine and conducted to a refrigerator of
considerable size, in which are arranged
meats of all kinds, game and vegetables.
The temperature in the refrigerator is
aever above 40 degs. It is, however, nr
. ranged in two compartments. In one the
temperature is maintained at or about the
freezing point and the other above it.
; "I was informed that by increasing the
nir pressure and using the same pressure
- In the engine as that maintained in the
street main six atmospheres be had with
the exhaust air manufactured 250 pounds
Of ice per day. Table bottles filled with
Water were arranged in order in the refrig
erator and the water frozen solid, and
when ice water is needed in the cafe they
are placed on the table.
"In a medical application of compressed
air very elaborate rooms have been ar
ranged by an eminent doctor, who ob
served that liver and ear diseases could be
better treated under air pressure up to
one-half an atmosphere. These pneumatic
baths are quite popular.
' "Compressed air is unquestionably a
perfect agent for the transmission of time
indications and records, because in this ap
plication the pulsation of a centrally lo
cated clock can be transmitted to an in
definite number of clocks in different parts
of the city with rapidity and accuracy,
which pulsations actuate the local clocks
by means of most simple devices. There
are two central pendulum clocks, one in
use; the other is used only in case of acci
dent, and the operating clock.
"These are operated by means of self
winding gears and weights; thus there is
no possibility of forgetting to tend the cen
"Twice t very minute at twenty seconds
and. at sixty seconds the clock automat
ically opens the valve communicating
with the receiver described, permitting the
discbarge of the contained air in the re
ceiver to iyi pounds. In less than twenty
seconds the air thus liberated has reached
10,000 clocks, 'and forced upward a small
valve at each clock, by which the bands of
the clock are made to move forward one
miuute; the valve that liberated the air is
then automatically closed and the reduc
ing valve opened, and the receiver agnin
charged with air, ready for the next dis
charges until the ope rat Urn is continued.
The location of the clock, though it may
be at the most remote part of the system,
makes no difference the band is advanced
with those on other clocks. In order to ac
tuate the 10,0)10 clocks on the system, three
cubic meters, of Ko.3 cubic feet of com
pressed air, at teu pounds pressure per
inch, is' used per minute. New York
A Antidote for (tie Bora.
"Hal Jo," said a young man to a friend,
t let on the street, "where were yon laid
sight when I went over to see about the
C anoe club meet?"
"Oh. 1 was calling on the Feather-views."
"Do yon go there muchr"
"Why, not so very much," the other an
severed, "but 1 go there every uow and
"Ever -see their eake basket?" asked the
flist speaker in an offhand tone.
"Cake basket?" repeated the other. "No,
1 don't know that 1 ever did."
"Oh, you'd know if you'd seen it. Evi
dently you are all right."
"All right, how?"
"Why. they evidently do not have any
difScnlty in entertaining yon."
Do you mean that they feed the callers
tbi t are hard to entertain?"
' No, that is not the device. They hit V
a cake basket which they show whenever
a Ciller is dull or stupid or slow, and it is
to all appearance an ordinary, everydHy,
pla n cake basket; but a squeeze turns it
into a fruit dish; then a pull and it is
tuned into a hat; then with a little poking
the-e yon have an excellent toy boat, or
the;. may change it into an ire pitcher, or
a btckgammon hoard, or a dressing case,
or n bootjack, or an eggleater. ' 1 never
hav; iiegun to get to the end of the things
into which they can change that wonder
ful take basket."
"They have not shown it to me," the
other said, "but i must say that I should
like to see it."
"C h, you'll see It some time. They re
serve it for special emergencies, and there
will come a day when you will be tired out
or bx.e or dull, and you will drop into
Feat lerview's as naturally as possible, and
yon will not realize the situation at all
until you find yourself admiring the Pro
tean lightning changes of that marvelous
antidote for the bore, their wonderful
"Evidently you have been there," his
friend murmured, uuder bis breath. Boa
Mammies of Ongs.
As t here were cemeteries for cats, there
were t lso for dogs, where there mummies
are to be found by the thousand. 1 am
cognizant of them at Siout, Sheik Kadi,
Feshu. Sakkarah, and even Thebes, and
most of the Egyptian museums possess
more cr less well preserved specimens of
them One of these mummies was opened
and driwn by Herr Keckmaun, a German.
It was a small harrier, atout IS months
old. 1 here is hardly anything left of it
but the bones and skin and a few bits of
muscular tissue between the teeth reduced
It had been wrapped in a wide band of
coarse cloth glued to the skin by a thick
layer of bitumen. Over this euvelope they
had applied a thin mat cf dried reed stems,
like th se which are found on many hu
man mummies of the twentieth dynasty
and later, fastened by a long cord of braid
ed grass. The animal thus bundled up
presented the appearance of a cylindrical
mass, or of veritable basket of game,
with both ends left open. A decent shape
had to be given to this queer looking pack
age. A network of fine cloth was thrown
over the part which answered to the body,
so arranged as to design parallel rows of
superposed squares along its length, a kind
of ornament which is found on many
mummies of small animals, as of the cat,
Ichneumons, the ibis and the hawk.
According to usage, the head was cov
ered witL a pasteboard mask, in which the
physiognomy of the animal was repro
duced as far as possible. It was painted a
dark brovn, except around the eyes, the
lips and the nostrils, which were white.
The half opened mouth showed the points
of the teei h, and the ears rose above the
head. U Maspero in Popular Science
Hew to Learn a Language.
Some students begin a language for the
mere love of knowing foreign tongues;
others acq lire them either for professional
purposes or with the aim of gaining access
to foreign literatures. But whatever be
the motive it is well to set out with some
knowledge of the science of language
some insig it into the relations of languages
to one anot her some grasp of the theories
of modern scholars about the origin and de
velopment of speech. To learn language
without knowing anything of the science
of languag e is like acquiring the art of
putting up electric fixtures without any
knowledge of the principles of electrical
To approach it, on the other band, from
the standpoint of universal principles is to
make the study of it easier and progress in
any particu.ar tongue much more rapid.
By knowing, for example, the laws of con
sonantal interchange we may often dis
cover the meanings of words without
being oblige 1 to refer for them to the dic
tionary. In this way every new language
learned makes more easy the acquirement
of other tongues of the same or of allieu
stocks. Intt rview in Boston Herald.
New York's Army of Mendicants.
There are 50,000 beggars in New York,
and 45,000 of them beg from choice rather
than necessity. Once a man loses all self
respect and pride; ouce he is forced to ask
for alms, he finds it so much less exertion
to beg than to work that he soon becomes
a professional mendicant. The professional
beggars of New York are stars in their
line, and he is a splendid judge of human
nature who can tell when he meets a
worthy object of charity. The less deserv
ing the applic mt for alms, the more pitiful
his story and the more persistently is
told. A large majority of the professional
beggars are rien.and many of them are
strong and boaltliy young fellows, well
able to work. Chicago Herald.
Cost of Newspaper Telegrams in England.
It is not generally known that the gov
ernment loses thousands of pounds every
year in connect on with telegrams for news
papers. The j. os to ft?, ce make a different
charge for transmitting bona fide Dews
than it does for sending private messages.
During the daytime a journalist can send
seventy-five words over the wires for a
shilling, but af er 8 o'clock, when the great
stress of commercial activity has ceased, a
hundred words can be sent for the sam
amount. The nverage newspaper column
contains about 2,000 words, so it may be
taken that ordi lary newspaper telegraph
ing costs a sovereign a column. London
A Crave Superstition.
Do yon know why the lots on the east
side of the c trj'-tery are more iu demand
than those of the west? Every grave bos
its head to the wast, and though the graves
are dug level, people seem to have a feeling
that a man buried on the west slope has
his feet higher than his head. Atchison
A few drops of ill dropped into the water
will. It is claimed, prevent the evaporation
of water from re buckets by forming
sufficient coating on the water to prevent
NEW -YORK'S PICKPOCKETS.
Editor ! Toons flays They Are Very
Shrewd, but Byrnes Is Shrewder.
"Ton can say what' yon please about
New York," mmarked M. H. De Young, of
San FraucUA), at the Auditorium, "but
we will have to admit that she has the
shrewdest pickpockets and the best detect
ives of any place in the United States. Men
who do considerable traveling imagine that
they are "too Hy' fortheaverage pickpocket.
but I want to relate my experience in
Gotham a few mouths ago.
'1 had just left the tbeaterwith my wife.
and wc boarded a street car to get to the
hotel. I went out on the front platform to
smoke. Pretty soou the front end became
very crowded and I legHn to grow sus
picious of several 'pushers. My double
breasted coat I imagined was buttoned till
the way down, but it was not.
"'Somebody is being robbed, I thought.
never dreumiug that it was myself. But,
without auy apparent reason. I fell tc
closely studying the features and form of
the big fellow who stood liefore me. His
picture seemed photographed upou my
mind. He left the car and rati up an
alley and theu I discovered that he had
my valuable watch. Calling my wife to
get off the car I iuformed her that the fel
low disappearing eastward had my watch.
"Of course I visited Inspector Byrnes
aud related the circumstances 'Could I
identify the man?' Out of 10,000. Then the
official got out his collection of photos and
rapidly handed them to me for inspection.
A new experience this for me. After look
ing over about 500 I laid two aside, telling
him that it was either of those two meu
who robbed me.
" 'I'll descrilie them,' said the inspector.
and he bntau: "This one is tall, dark.
weighs 1U8. is knowu as Portuguese Joe'
" 'He is not the man."
' 'Well, then the other is my meat,' said
"1 left the station and retired to my bo
teL The next afternoon Mr. Byrnes sent
for me. Arriving at his office I found
twenty men standi tig in line.
" 'Point out the man who stole your
watch,' gravely remarked the inspector. I
walked right up to my man without a mo
ment's delay. Take the fellow below for
trial,' said the inspector.
"'Now,' said be, 'Mr. De oung, point
out the pickpocket's partner. He is in
that row.' In vain I protested that I did
not take a good look at the partner, henr;
could not identify him. 'But make a stab
at it,' suggested a detective. Theu, amid
roars of laughter, I pointed out one of Mr
Byrnes' own oleuths.
"1 shall never forget the next day when
I appeared to prosecute the pickpocket.
The detectives had recovered my watch.
" 'What cose is this?' testily demanded
" 'Stealing a watch, sir.' replied the
"'Oh! Fellow, are you guilty?' The
court appeared to le taking but little in
terest in the officer's tale. 'Where's the
" 'I am, sir." I answered.
"'Young man, where do you hail from?"
asked the court in a rigid manner.
' "Sau Francisco.'
" 'Say, do you know DaveScanlan there?"
""Yes, he is well knowu in 's place.
opposite my cUce.'
" 'Where is your office?"
The Chronicle building. I am pro
prietor of that paper.'
"M. H. De Young? ThedickensI Officer,
remand the prisoner for trial for robliery
"I left the courtroom laughing at tU
judge's attitude. It takes considerable to
get him warmed up to take an iu teres t in
a case." Chicago News.
Thrrt. -Year-Old Child Cremated.
Silver Creek, Colo.. Oct. 24. A bouse
belonging to a miner named John Lap
lant, who is employed in the Two Sisters
mine, was burned to the ground yester
day noon while Laplant and bis wife were
away, and their little 3 year-old child per
ished in the flames.
Wants an Open Sunday Fair.
Worcester, Mas., Oct. 24 At the
Universalist conference Rev. F. A.
Winkleman, of Illinois, submitted a reso
lution favoring the opening of the.
World's fair on Sunday, on the ground
that the working people would be bene
fited. Death Caused by Mental Anxiety.
Moberlt, Mo., Oct. 24 Last Tuesday
the little 13-year-old son of Mr. and Mrs.
Newton Smith, of this city, was shot in
the knee-cap by a playmate with a large
rifle. Mrs. Smith was very careful about
the child and for forty-eight hours
watched him continuously. Thursday
morning about 8 o'clock she fell from her
chair a corpse. It is thought by the doc
tors that het death was caused by mental
anxiety and the long watch by the side of
Fatal Accidi nt at a San mill.
SAG1SAW, Mich., Oct. 24. At B.iss &
Co. 's mill at Carrollton yesterday a tram
way gave' way, precipitating two cars
loaded with lumber and four men into
the river. Aarou Lim burner was carried
under water by falling timber and
drowned, ramuel . H?no had one leg
brokeu and John Harley was badly
bruised about the body.
Horse Races at Chicago.
Chicago, Oct. 24 The events on the
Garfield park course yesterday were won
as follows: Anna Kace, mile, 1:16; Es
peranza, mile, 1:14, Innocence, 1 l-l(i
miles, l:4i W. B.. 1 mile, l:4?i; Salon
ica. mile, 1:154; Vidette, mile,
Heavy Damages Against a Railway.
Boston, Oct 24. The Jury in the case
of William H. Devoy against the Boston
and Albany railroad for 125,000 damages
for injuries received, yesterday brought
in a verdict for the plaintiff.
New Cure for Paratjsis.
Des Moines, Oct. 24. The crack of i
farmer's whip - performed what may al
most be termed a miracle at On welt, a
small town in this state, Wednesday.
Miss Martin Rowler, formerly of this
city, suffered a paralytic stroke four
months ago which deprived her of the use
of her left side. Wednesday she was out
for a walk when she was startled by the
crack of the farmer's whip, and she imme
diately threw her crutches away and was
able to walk some.
Denial from Archbishop Walsh.
DUBLIN, Oct. 24. Archbishop Walsh
states that the remarks imputed to him
at the time of Parnell's death, in which
be was said to have severely condemned
the dead man and to bave said that
charity bad no place at his grave, were
never uttered by him. He is inclined to
ens the papers which published the state
The people at the World's
Dispensary of Buffalo, N. YM
have a stock-taking time once
a year and what do you think
they dor count tne numoer
of bottles that ve been re
turned by the men and women
who say that Dr. Pierce's
Golden Medical Discovery or
Dr. Pierce's Favorite Prescrip
tion didn't do what they said
it would do.
And how many do you
think they have to count.
One in ten ? Not one in five
Here are two remedies
one the Golden Medical Dis
covery, for regulating and in
vigorating the liver and purify
ing the blood; the other, the
hope of weakly womanhood,
and they've been sold for
years, sold by the million bot
tles ; sold under a positive
guarantee, and not one in five
hundred can say :
" It was not the medicine for
And is there any reason
why you should be the one?
And supposing you are what
do you lose ? Absolutely
Is not a cot met ic In the snse In which thf t term
Is popularly used, but permanently beautifies. It
creates s soft, smooth clear, velve.y skin, and by
daily use gradually uiskes ihe complexion several
shades w hiter. It is s constant ptoUctiin from
tbe effects of snn and wind and prevents sun
burn and freckles, and bhekheada will neier
corns whde od use it. It cleanses the face far
better than soap and water, nourishes tbe skin
tissues and thus prevents tbe formation of wrink
les. It gives the freshutss. clesrnes s and smooth
ness of skin that ou bad when you was s little
girl. Every lady, joone or old, i tight to nse it,
as it gives a more jorthful arpesrance to any
lady, and thst permanently. It contiins no acid,
powder or a'kali, and Is as oarm'ess a dew and
a. nourlshine to tbe skin ss dew is to the flower.
Price $ 1 00, at alldrupsfrts and bair drrssers,
or at Mrs. Gervaise Graham's stahlisnmen', 103
Port street, San KrancUeo. whet e sbe treats la
dies for all blemishes cf the face or figure La
dies at s distance Heated by letter. ier.d stamp
for ber little book "How to be Beautiful "
SAMPLE BOTTLE ma led free to any lad on
receipt of lOcents in stamps to ry fur lostage
and picking. Lady agents wanted.
Cures the worst cases of Freckles, Sunburn,
allownets, Moth-potches, Pimples, and all skin
blemishes. Price SI. 60. Harmless and ef
fective. No sample can be sent. Lady agents
THE DRUGGIST in tb's town who first orders
s bill of my preparations will hare h e name ad
ded to this advertisement.
My preparations are for sale, by wholesale
druggists in Chicago and every city west of it.
VIGOR OF HEN
Easily, Quickly, Permanently Restored.
'vVemk.ness, Xcrniuea, Debility, and all
tbe train of evils from early error or later excesses,
the results of overwork, sickness, worry, etc Full
strength, development, and tone r'ven to every
onran and portion of tbe body. Simple, natural
methods. Immediate Improvement seen. Failure
Impossible. t.aK) references. Book, explanations
and proofs mailed (sealed) free. Address
KRIS MEDICAL CO.. BUFFALO, N. Y.
Wyoming lot. It's tbe coming city of Wyom
lng. Bas waterworks, electric lights, flouring
mills. Located In the garden of Wyoming
Produced the prize potato crop of the United
States in 1890. t or maps and further infor.
matJon apply to
MAJTN A THOS. Buffalo, Wyo.
Woodyatt's Music House
No. 1804 Second AvEnue.
WOODYATT & WOODYATT.
This firm have the exclusive sale for ihia
5 a I
a. a ,
WEBER, STDYVESANT, DECKER BROS., WHEELW
ESTEY, AND GAMP & CO.'S TIAN0S '
And the ESTEY, WESTERN COTTAGE and' FAR
RAND & VOTEY ORGANS.
CsTA foil line also of small Mnsical merchandise. We hsve in oar miiUj fir-t'- p . T
THE MOLINE WAGON,
The Mine Wagon Co,
Manufacturers ol FARM, SPRING AND FREIGHT WAGOEl
A.full and complete line cf Plttfoim and other Spiirp Wfcrof, rfrrnai'j srw.-c tciht
Western trade. cf superior workvarshlu and fluib. fllusin id l'rue LiM i-n ct
application. Eee the MOUSE WAlicN hi-fore rurtbisir:.
EKOOBPOKAT2D T7KDKB THB 8TATB LAW.
Roek Island Savings Bank,
BOCK ISLAND, ILL.,
Open dally from a. m. to 4 p. nu, and Saturday evenings from 7 to 8 o'clock.
FWe per oent interest paid oa Deposits. Money loaned on Personal, Col
lateral, or Real Estate Security
. P. BoTNOLDtJ, Pres. F O. DBNSMANN. Vice-Pres. 1. H. BCPORD, Cut.
p I Mitchell, B. P. Reynolds, F. C. Denkmann. John Cm ban eh, H. P. Hil.
PhU.lUtchtll, L. Blmon, S. W. Hnrst, J. M. Bsford.
Jaoksos A Hcbst, solicitors.
Began bneiness July 8 1880, sr.d occnr-T ihe ontheast corner of XTtcU:; . Lh. ski
This is the Time of Year
When people are preparing to keep comfortable during the winter
If you want to heat your entire house at an even temperature, the
best systems are steam and hot water.
BAKER & HOTJSMAN
are agents for the VOLTON HOT WATER HEATER the best in the
market, andhave already equipped several residences with them, and in
every case satisfaction is the result. A large stock of
RANGES AND HEATERS
-ALWAYS ON HAND
Special attention given to plumbing, coppersmithing and tin rooting
of the very best material, workmanship and finish.
Cali;on us at No. 182? Second avenue.
BAKER & HOUSMAN.