Newspaper Page Text
THE AUG UJS, THUKSDAY, OCTOBER 29, 1891.
TgE AKGUS. j
J. W. POTTE.
- - POBUSHCftV
TtaKs Ssil. Mc Pr month; Weekly, U
ec MtiBi - - -
AH commanieatioiis of 1 arltieal or argnmenta
live character, political or relisioas, have
reel asm attached for publication . No each srti
Uetee will be printed over fictitious signatures.
aaonyaioat eommuuiastloDs not noticed.
Correspondence' eollclted front STery township
la Back Island coast.
' Thtjhsdat. Octobbb 29. 1891.
AWashisgton correspondent refers
to Congressman Springer as tbe ideal
peaker, as follows;
' Congressman Hemphill struck a re
pooslve chord la the breasts of many
democratic members of the new house
when he declared, a few days ago, that
the speaker must be selected for his fit
ness, and not as a reward for supposed
party services. It is confessed by every
one that the two most fit men for speaker
are Springer and CrUp, and if this
method of choosing a presiding officer be
followed out one or the other will be the
next speaker. Mr Springer on the floor
is thought to be nervous and eager
He speaks often, though always
to tbe ' point. He is quick,
ready and alert. But when he steps into
the speaker's chair his whole manner
changes. He is another man. During
the great tariff debate over the Mills bill
Mr.- Springer was in the chair nearly all
the time and he made a record as a pre
siding officer which will not be soon for
gotten by those who were members of the
bouse at the time. He had perfect poise,
admirable bearing, thorough familiarity
of the rules, an easy and commanding
dignity. He was, in fact, the ideal pre
Biding officer. Mr. Mills is one of the
most earnest and loyal men in tbe world,
with great ability as a leader and as an
economist but he is not of the tempera
ment that makes a successful presiding
A SAMPLE CASE.
the Tariff Increases the Cost af
Carriages and Wag-one.
The carriage and wagon industry of
the United States may be considered to
be fairly well established. We not only
make oux own, bnt furnish carriages to
every civilized nation of the earth.
England herself bnys annually of us more
than a quarter of a million dollars,
worth of wagons; while her possessions
in Australia invest (400,000 more with
ns on this account. But our export
trade is but a tithe of what it would be
with free raw materials, and with better
facilities for shipping, such as we might
have if there were no restrictions upon
shipping or commerce. The carriage
and wagon manufacturers begin to
realize this themselves, all bnt one of
them (Republicans and Democrats alike),
in Cortland, N. Y., the carriage center
of eastern United States, signed a peti
tion protesting against the duties on
material proposed by KcKinley. Bnt
the major was deaf to their appeals, and
increased the duties on many materials
t The duties on materials for carriage
trimminga English broadcloth, plush
corduroy, etc. increases the cost of a
$75 carriage about $2. Not a yard of
corduroy is made in this conn try, and
the greater part of the broadcloth used
lias been imported at about 100 per cent.
duty. , A leading manufacturer of Cort
land says: "Over $330,000 worth of
cloths are used in this place, seven-
eighths of which until recently has been
imported. Not a thing that goes into a
carriage is untaxed by the tariff except
lumber, which is also probably higher
because of the tariff."
The duty on carriage hardware is 45
per cent. It serves no purpose except to
-enable the National Association of Car
riage Hardware Manufacturers to keep
up prices, which it raised materially
when it was organized a few years ago.
Nearly all wheels are purchased of the
Wheel trust. The duty on iron and steel
adds something to the cost of these and
also to the cost of axles, many of which
are made of imported steel. It is safe to
Bay that the cost of carriages is increased
10 per cent, by tariff taxes. What au
impetus would be given to both our
home and foreign trade if prices could
be reduced 10 per cent.
. There is no doubt that our heavy
duties on Canadian imports causes re
taliatory Canadian duties on imports
from the United States. These duties
are so heavy on carriages and wagons
that some manufacturers have branch
factories in Canada and others contem
plate building there. They will, how
ever, do this under protest, for with bet
ter facilities and more efficient labor
they can manufacture about 10 per cent.
cheaper in the United States than in
The Canadian tariff is about $30 on a
$100 carriuge and $10 on a $10 cart. Of
course our manufacturers pay these tar
iff taxes and sell to Canadians at our
own home prices. This would leave
them small profits on $10 carts, but if
the tax does not come out of the man
ufacturer's pockets why should he go
to the trouble of manufacturing in Can
ada? The New York Association of Car
riage and Wagon Manufacturers fixes
prices at which certain vehicles must
be sold. . These prices are strictly ad
hered to by most firms. Profits are big
in some of the largest firms with im
proved machinery and well established
reputations. One company declared a
dividend of 100 per cent, last year. In
spite of these profits vehicles are sold
cheaper than they can be made by hand
in small blacksmith and carpenter shops.
and factory made wagons are rapidly
supplanting hand made ones.
Makes a Difference.
Did yon ever notice how idiotic the
smile of a pretty girl is when it is
directed toward some one else? Bing
Far the Beat of Reasons.
"Job would have made a great doctor.1
He never lost his patients." Truth.
' AFRICAN : DWARFS.
A Cartons Baee That Haa Existed to the
Atlas Mountains for Thirty Cemtnrlee. I
At the recent oriental congress a mott;
fascinating subject was dealt with In a
paper by Mr. Hall burton. It seems -that
in the Atlas mountains, only a few hon-l
dred miles from tbe Mediterranean, there
Is a race of dwarfs under four feet high,
who are regarded with such superstitious'
nwe by tbe Moors that for some thirty een-j
uries their existence was kept a profound;
ecret. Some of them, however, have ap-
turently knocked about tne woria at oua
imes as smiths, tinkers, aero Data ana.
I racticers of the light gypsy crafts; nut.
hey have always avoided towns wnere,
Koropeans are. They shave their faces;
t iey are not good Mohammedans; some
s iy they are Christians, and some that,
t'uey worship "Didoo Isiri." It is possible
tn connect a branch of them with the trog-j
ledytesof Herodotua, and to identify an
ot her with some dwarfs represented on the
monuments of the fourth dynasty of the
Piaraobs. Somewhere in the bowels of
Mount Atlas they seem to have ran in pre-
historic times the Birmingham of the
bronze age. There are all kinds of stories
about them to say nothing of the oddest
fa tot all that the surrounding peoples
decline to repeat the stories. These dwarf
ras, whether in Central Africa or else-,
wl ere, are no doubt responsible for many,
of the legends abont trolls, which in some
form or another are found all over the
The First Clock.
The first clock at all answering to the
molern notion, in so far, at any rate, that
its motive power was due to wheels and
weights, or at least one weight, is said to
have been made by Gerbert, a Benedictine
monk, who afterward became Pope Sylves
ter III for Magdeburg cathedral. This
wag in the year 996; but in all probability
the clock did nothing more than strike a
single blow at each hour on a bell in order
that the monks might know the times of
devotion. Such a clock bad no dial or
face During the reign of Edward I the
first genuine clock in England was placed
in Yestminsterabbey. It must have been
quiti; a wonder, and it remained alone la
its frlory for many years. In the Four
teent h century Peter Lightfoot, a monk of
Glastonbury abbey, made a clock, which is
now preserved in the British museum. No
clock in England possessed the faintest
claim to accuracy before that of Hampton
court was set up in the year 1540.
Bonnet Kongo or Cap of Liberty.
Among the miscellaneous relics and cn-
riosit.es shown at the royal naval exhibi
tion v ere examples of the bonnet rouge or
cap of liberty put on the mastheads of tbe
TRENCH CAP OF LIBEBTT. 1793.
French republican vessels at the end of
the last century. The cap is carved in
wood, punted red and white, with tricolor
cockade at tne side.
The one chosen for illustration is from
the mas .head of tbe French frigate Cleo
patra, ctptured by tbe English frigate
Nymph, Captain Edward Pellew, after
ward Vnconnt Exmouth, on Jane 19. 1793.
The Origin of Chess.
The or gin of chess is shrouded in mys
tery. 11. ere ts but little doubt, however,
says The Inter-Ocean, that its birthplace
was in Icdia. and that it is an offspring of
a game ailed chatnranga, which is men
tioned in oriental literature as in use fully
200 years before the Christian era. From
India chew spread Into Persia, and thence
into A rat ia, and ultimately the Arabs took
It into Sp tin and the rest of western Eu
rope. ' The game was in all probability in
vented for the purpose of illustrating the
art of wix. The Arab legend upon this
point ts U at it was devised for the instruc
tion of a yonng despot by his father, a
learned Bi-ahmin, to teach him thataking,
notwithstanding his power, was dependent
for safety upon his subjects. The Greek
historians credit the invention of the game
to Palame les, who they claim devised it to
beguile the tedium of the siege of Troy
during the Trojan war.
A Xew Code of Ethics In Dress.
The latest apostle of the beautiful in
dress has arisen to promulgate a new code
of ethics by which a woman's gowns shall
be a curoi icle or dress directory of her
emotions and conditions. The holy and
dignified estate of matrimony shall find
expression in a black garment; while love,
its precursor, too often only its precursor,
is robed ic, a garment upon which the
torch of hymen, from poppies in crimson
and gold, it symbolical of love's hypno
tism. Heal U wears a gown of Nile green
with a bonier of lotus flowers. Life is
garbed in white crape with silver antique
traceries. Ieath is glorified in garments
wherein the golden light ot the sun and
the silver sb len ot the moonbeams mingle
in the mysterious symbol of death.
i. Qaetat Victoria's Horses.'
The cream colored horses that draw the
qneen of England's carriage upon state oc
casions trace their pedigree back to the
time of Georf e I, horses of that hue having
from time fm memorial been in the especial
service of the electors of Hanover. For or
dinary use Queen Victoria employs four
gray horses, driven by servants in dark
livery, but tbti cream colored steeds, known
as the "sacred Hanoverians," are seldom
seen by the public except when they are
exercised in t tie early morning, or when
the queen np tears at some great public
function. At I er coronation she was drawn
by such horse i as these attached to the
"gilded ark" built in 1761. This is seven
teen feet long and weighs four tons, sayi
Harper's Bazar. ,
Swict Potato I'ie.
Mash smooth three boiled sweet potatoes
and beat them ip light with one whole egg
and the yolk of another, a scant cupful of
milk, a little fait and uutnieg. Bake in
one crust and cover with a meringue made
ot the white of the egg, beaten up with
two spoonfuls of sugar.
- - MANGXll WURZEL3.
- . t - it,
a rn of iho Varieties Most Popalar for
raoaina- usiu vwsonDwa.
Fanners aa waM aa -dairymen are each
year Learning the value ef , mangel wur
Eel beets grown t6 lkf&? sfte as food
for cattle.. - These roots are juicy and re
freshing, adding not only to the health
of the animal, bnt being also of value as
food for milk and meat.
GOLDEN TAXKAHD MANGEL WURZEL.
Golden yellow tankard, the mangel
wurzel depicted in our cut, is regarded
by many dairymen as one of the most
profitable varieties. It is an exceedingly
prolific sort, and is said to be both nutri
tious and hardy.
The long yellow mangel wurzel is a
good main crop sort, as an enormous
quantity can be grown on an acre with
Another productive sort is the yellow
ovoid mangel wurzeL This is of distinct
shape, being intermediate between the
long and globe varieties. It is hardy and
Lane's flvw red imperial sugar is an
Amerirr.i.Vasijt? of finer grain than the
ordinary 1 , being good for table use
as well as cattle food.
Yellow globe is a sort too well known
to require special mention. It is well
adapted for growing in shallow soils.
The long red mangel wurzel produces
roots of enormous size, smooth and regu
lar in shape, with a small top. .
In order to be well preserved for
gradual consumption during the winter,
Thorburn advises that mangel wuraels
be heaped to a height of perhaps six
feet on a dry, sloping situation; cover
at first with a piece of canvas, and as
the cold increases this should be replaced
by about six inches of either salt hay,
straw, seaweed, or even cornstalks. Lest
this covering be displaced by the wind a
light layer of earth is necessary. So soon
as this surface soil becomes frozen about
six or eight inches more of earth should
be placed over the entire heap. By fol
lowing up this gradual process of cover
ing all danger of heating will be. obvi
ated and the roots will keep in perfect
Points In Cider Vinegar Making.
L. R. Bryant, secretary of tbe Cider
and Cider Vinegar Makers' Association of
the Northwest, recently had the follow
ing to say in Prairie Farmer:
The essentials for making cider vine
gar on a 'small scale are a grinder to
grind up the apples into a fine pulp, a
good press to extract the juice, barrels to
put the juice in, a frost proof room or
cellar to store the product in, and, of
course, a good supply of decent apples.
Ordinarily good windfalls will make
good material for vinegar, but care
should be taken to reject all immature,
wilted and rotten apples. When the cider
is made it should be put into good iron
bound barrels and ranked up out of
doors, but in the shade, and allowed to
ferment. The barrels should be placed
on timbers or poles elevated from the
ground sufficiently to allow the contents
to be run off into other barrels.
On the approach of freezing weather
rack off the vinegar stock into clean bar
rels (only three-fourths filled) by means
of a faucet placed in the end of the bar
rel, or preferably with a syphon made of
five-eighths rubber tubing. This 6hould
be raised an inch above the bottom of the
barrel to avoid drawing off the sediment.
All settlings should be put into a sepa
rate barrel. The barrels can now be
ranked up in their winter quarters, the
bungs taken out and remain undisturbed
until the contents become good vinegar,
provided they are kept in a furnace heat
ed cellar or artificially heated room.
An ordinary cellar is too cool to make
vinegar quickly, and if such a place is
used for winter storage the barrels can
be removed to a common shed on the ap
proach of warm weather, rememberinz
always to rack off the contents before a
barrel is moved. Never put barrels in
the sun in hot weather, as they will be
spoiled and the contents lost When the
vinegar is thoroughly made a cool, dry
cellar is an excellent place to store it, and
the barrels may be filled and bunged up.
To make good cider or vinegar use
good, clean apples; exposure to heat and
air is what makes vinegar; to have bright,
clear vinegar free from must, rack it be
fore moving it, if it has been standing
any length of time, and thoroughly clean
the barrels as soon, as emptied. 1 Good
vinegar cannot be made out of a ' large
quantity of water and a. little cider.
Strong, late made cider may bear the ad
dition of a little water, but that made
early in the season will not.
'. The Porter is a profitable apple.
- No stock appreciates a dry, clean bed
more than cows.
Remember that lard thinned with
kerosene ia good to clean out the lice
that infest the hogs' winter quarters.
Many farmers use parchment butter
paper in place of cloth for covering but
ter rolls. They say it helps to sell their
Farmers ought to remember that the
experimental stations chief aim is to
help the farmer, and there is no better
way of insuring this object than by vis
iting one's state station now and then
with a view to acquainting one's self with
We carry the celebrated line of E. P. Reed & Co., for ladies' fine shoes
The finest line of Gentlemen's Footwear in the city, in Pat. Leather Cord
van, Kangaroo, French calf,
A barrel of Tooth Picks given away with every pair of SHOES.
New line of Mens Shoes at $2 JO.
BOSTON SHOE STORE,
1623 Second Ave., under Rock Island House.
It Innnldbi ia I vary Hobs.
J. B. Wilson, 871 Clay street. Sharps-
burg, Pa., eays he will rot be without
Dr. King's New Discovery for consump
tion, coughs and colds, that it cured bis
wife who was threatened with pneumonia
after an attaebfot "la grippe," when va
rious other remedies and several physi
cians had done ber no good. Robert
Barber, of Cookspcrt Pa., claims Dr.
King s New Discovery has done him more
good than anything he ever used for
lung trouble. Nothing like it. Try it.
Free trial bottles at Hsris & Bshnseu s
drug store. Large bottles, 50c and f 1,
This remedy is' becoming so well known
and so popular as to need no special men
tion. All who have used Electric Bitters
sing tbe same sonfr ' of praiee. A purer
menicine does not exist' and it ia uarant-
eed to do all that ia -claimed. Electric
Bitters will cure all diseases of the liver
and kidneys Kill remove pimples, boils,
salt rheum and other affections caused by
impure blcod. Will drive malaria from
the system and prevent as well as cure all
malarial fevers. For care of headache,
constipation atd indigestion try Electric
Bitters Entire satisfaction guaranteed,
or money refunded Price 50 cents and
$1.00 per bottle at Harts & Babnsen's
BUCXXJEX'g AHinCA BALVB.
The best salve in the world for cats,
bruises, sores, ulcers, salt rheum, fever
sores, tetter, chapped hands, chilblains,
corns and all skin eruptions, and posi
tively cures piles, or no pay required.' It
is guaranteed to give perfect satisfaction
or money refunded. Price 25 cents per
box. For sale bv Harts & Bahnaea.
Tor over Tifry Tsars
Mrs. tWinslow'a Soothing Byrnp has
been used by millions of mothers for
their children while teething. If dis
burbed at night and broken of your res
by a sick child suffering and crying wfth
pain of cutting teeth send at once and get
a bottle of "Mrs. Winslow's Soothing
Syrup" for children teething. It will re
lieve the poor little sufferer immediately.
Depend upon it,' molners, there is no mis
take about it. It cures diarrhoea, regu
lates the stomach and bowels, cures wind
colic, softens the gums, reduces inflamma
tion and gives tone and energy to the
whole system", "Mrs Winslow's Soothing
Syrup" for children teething is pleasant
to the taste and Is tbe prescription of one
of the oldest and best female physicians
and nurses in the United States. Sold bv
all druggists throughout tbe world. Price
twenty-five cents a bottle. Be sure and
ask for "Mrs. Winslow's Soothing Syrup
To Ksrvona and Dsbliaud Ben.
If you will send me your address we
will mail you our illustrated pamphlet
explaining all about Dr. Dye's celebrated
electro voltaic belt and appliances, and
their charming effects npon the nervous
dabilitated system, and how they will
quickly restore you to vigor, manhood
and health. Pamphlet free. If you are
thus afflicted, we will send you a belt and
appliances on trial
Yoltaic Belt Co., Marshall, Mich.
Thilhps' Facia Coast Ixeanioa.
For the above named excursion the
Burlington, Cedar Rapids & Northern
railway will run a tourist car every Thurs
day from Albert Lea. Minn., to Columbus
Junction, Iowa, connecting with C, R
I. & P. Pacific coast excursion train, and
ihis car will go through without change
to San Francisco. For rates and gen
eral information apply to aey agent of
the company, or J. E. Hahkeoaw,
Gen. Tk't and Pass. Agt.
Ia the pursuit ot tne goou things of
this world we anticipate too much; we
sat out the heart and sweetness of world
ly pleasures by delightful forethought of
them. The results obtained from the use
of Dr. Jones' Red Clover Tonic far exceed
all claims. "It cures dyspepsia, and all
stomach, liver,, kidney j and bladder
troubles. It is a perfect tonic, appetizer,
blood purifier, a sure cure for ague and
malarial diseases. Price, 50 cents, of
What is more attractive than a. nnaMw
face with a fresh, bright complexion? For
A school satchel given witv
every pair of
Our Fall Stock is now
complete, and we are
confident we can
1 Dlease von.
Etc. Latest styles.
G. E. WISWALL & CO.,
Chicago's Finest Shoe Store.
Stock the Largest.
Goods the Finest.
Prices the Lowest
lien's and Ladies
Hand Sewed Welt Shoes.
Send for Catalog-ue.
C E. WISWALL & CO.. 160 State St.. Chicago
MISS KATE BYRNES,
Lacas, Veulnga, Gilt Trimmings,
Jet and Gilt Ornaments,
1709 Second avenue,
-ALL KINDS Or-
Cast Iron Work
Aon. A specialty of famishing aL kinds
of Stores with Castings at 8 cents
A MACHINE SHOP
has been added where all kinds of machine
work will be done first-clssa.
. NINTH ST. AND 7th AVE.
DOWNING BROS., Propts.
Jolin Yolk & Co.,
Sash, Doom. Blinds. Biding, Flooring,
- - Wainscoatlng.
and all kind of wood work for bailders.
Bahtowth 8k, hot. Third and Fourth avee. .
Leave Tour Orders for
Corner Elerenth street nd Teath arenae.
H. F. LAMP, Manager.
Chicago, Minneapolis and StpJ
Via the Famous Aibert Ln Eoua.
St. Louts, KTinneapolls and St.Ptl
v is Ob joaim, jaiuneapoiit c ac rMll abortus
Through Sleepers and Chair Carx
KANSAS CITY, MINNEAPOLIS AND ST.HUL
PE0R1A, CEDAR RAPIDS AND SIOUX FAUS,aU
CHICAGO AND CEDAR RAPIDS
Vis the Fuaoun A!htrt Let Loon.
THE SHORT LINE
fc SPIRIT LAK ET
The Great Iowa Summer Resor.
For Railway and Uot.-l tiK IWraJ
2 ainpniets and all mroniunut). iiMr-a
Gml Ticket auJ l'iici AfUl
FOR CHEAP HOWIES
On line of tin's road in Northweston 11
Southeastern SlinneMita art Cmiral tats
where drought and crop fitilurf. arr m;k&r.
Thousands of choice avtvs of la:,d yH uim
Local Eicursion r.iiv pivt-n. Vr full inlra
tkm as to prices of land and rait s of bft,aara
Genl Ticket anil l'a.seni."-r A-'-nt.
All of the Passenger Train- mi all DirMoei
this Railway are healed l v wim fmn a
enpine. and the Main Ijdc Iu Rt-wrugtrlaa
are lighted with the Electric I.idiL
Maps, Time Table. Tlironi;). liates and alt
rormation rumistiea on appnraikm m pi
ncaeis on sale over tins rout-1 ai in pnura
points In the Cnion, and 1 y lis Am.ti,!
pans or me l niteu Mates aim i anaua.
MFor announcements of F.UTiryon rJ
and local matters of Interest, pkasertftris'J
local columns ot uus paper.
C. J. IVES. 4. E. HNNt0,
Vrsr't a Gent Snpt. Gtn'lTkt.hs.ll
CEDAR RAPIDS, IOWA
TO THE AFFLIGTEDII
W fa j pay b t r f U Q uwltf
i medical tn.-tni-ni can nun n n
1 Ahl. nr .f Tfif IVrtiCJH'.X.r.:".'
prirvtl intm tne pn-x r:,'in:
Lum vt Men tv. KN-adr:.cT, VI
MIUliLt-AbCU WLII t,artvnn. .flu-
iffttHi r iorn uru who en ri"
DCraod Bladder trouble., etc., w.t ni iou:
of Treatment a Sufe, Certain and
notrureihel.nvf ai!m':f. i
fwho hs invert sTd at: ''ti r. u
dlfasedomfin,nnl n-i-m - " '
than MomaHi M-ii--in' a
CsVstfiue of. dn'tTm:-rn
CrMit'B from f
ttliniriMf'.s.liir vTt' " 7'
William private practice. '!Vt" "f.."
HTrrvur rnmmnm Mire ' u" Mi" I
u i tninr. tu i m rmu i,. v,i.rr-
Call or write f..rC!it.-.;.uc ano 1l: ...-eaaJ'-ME
PERU CHEMICAL CO..
189 Wsnwsm SmiT. uiiwauuvv
kj altDl.u-rl lr. llsiBM
I rtkl kpfW.
It is siufienml mm . powder, witcj Jj,
without ln.knowl.dtf of P""1"- a I
bmralewk and will ffrt a Pr""' itST
ur. wb.th.r th psu.nt i a"1" i.owM
u .laolxilu. wm It bll tn '. Vil
of aw aa4 la .rT tn.ianc P7iW
a wita to. SpeeiBcit beoomf. mi uUMimpo
for In. liouor appsu's to xiu I
CINCINNATI. OUIO hU
a paca aooa ot s--- Tj0 I
-or sale oy KsrihAll 4 Fisher cd T. H. I
the les-ltw J'iX.
Tbe only fie " JZ
- to all fnf!er-r. -
a trial b rc."
. W':t I'Mi lf
i JT .srealnvl
I li.arium " Tl
a ww it-'-t Suwuf.
laal uroif br
what is being done there.
ii, use I'oexonrs rowder.
Ugts.torthttJ S I80HIS T "